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A pot experiment was conducted in glass house conditions for 120 days to study the effects of phosphorus solubilizing Gram-positive bacteria on plant growth, nutrient uptake and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguculata). Among all twelve bacterial treatments, the strain Bacillus spp (B3) has shown the greatest shoot length 67.70 cm, root length 60.5 cm and total dry weight 4.57 g plant -1 after 45 days of sowing. Similarly, in the same treatment the shoot length, root length and total dry weight were found 162.36 cm, 60.5 cm and 128.49 g plant -1 , respectively at harvesting and total yield was obtained 23.34 g plant -1 , which was significantly greater than all other treatments and uninoculated control treatments containing single super phosphate (SSP) and rock phosphate (RP) as phosphorus sources (7.93 g plant -1 and 3.81 g plant -1 respectively). The strains Bacillus thurengensis (T1 and T6) also have indicated a significant increase in above parameters
Cattle suffering with plastic foreign body syndrome were treated surgically by rumenotomy. The pre-operative and 12 th day post operative blood and serum biochemical were recorded and compared with normal healthy cattle. Preoperatively decrease in haemoglobin, packed cell volume and total erythrocyte count was observed which was gradually increased and came to near normal state on 12 th post-operative day. There was leucocytosis, neutrophilia and corresponding lymphopenia observed in animals during pre-operative phase. The glucose, serum creatinine, serum albumin and calcium levels were found to be at lower level and total proteins, blood urea nitrogen and phosphorus at higher level in pre-operative period when compared to normal cattle. This may be due to low intake of food and water and also inflammatory condition in body due to presence of plastic foreign body.
The pre-engineered steel building system construction has great advantages to the single storey buildings, practical and efficient alternative to conventional buildings, the System representing one central model within multiple disciplines. Preengineered building creates and maintains in real time multidimensional, data rich views through a project support is currently being implemented by Staad pro software packages for design and engineering.
A crankshaft contains two or more centrally-located coaxial cylindrical ("main") journals and one or more offset cylindrical crankpin ("rod") journals. The design of the Crankshaft considers the dynamic loading and the optimization an lead to a shaft diameter satisfying the requirements of Automobile’s specifications with cost and size effectiveness. Microsoft visual studio package was used in the development of this software, which is capable of designing the shaft with reference to its easy interface, being an open system and its ease of file formats acceptability. It was used during the entire cycle of this software development (analysis phase, design phase and implementation phase).
This paper presents an enhanced 32-bit carry lookahead(CLA) adder implementing using the constant delay (CD) logic, targeting at full-custom high-speed applications. The CD characteristic of this logic style regardless of the logic type makes it suitable in implementing complicated logic expressions such as addition. CD logic exhibits a unique characteristic where the output is pre-evaluated before the inputs from the preceding stage is ready. This feature offers performance advantage over static and dynamic domino logic styles in a single-cycle multistage circuit block. Several design considerations including timing window width adjustment and clock distribution are discussed. Using 65-nm general-purpose CMOS technology, the proposed logic demonstrates an average speed up of 94% and 56% over static and dynamic domino logic, respectively, in five different logic gates. Simulation results of 8-bit ripple carry adders show that CD logic is 39% and 23% faster than
Even a small transition delays and little faults create major concern in digital circuits. It Produce greater impact on not only for simple memory but also for most of the memory applications. This paper presents an error-detection method for difference-set cyclic codes with majority logic decoding. Majority logic decodable codes are suitable for memory applications due to their capability to correct a large number of errors. However, they require a large decoding time that impacts memory performance. The proposed fault-detection method significantly reduces memory access time when there is no error in the data read. The technique uses the majority logic decoder itself to detect failures, which makes the area overhead minimal and keeps the extra power consumption low. The proposed method detects the occurrences of single error, double error ,triple error in the received code words obtained from the memory system.
Introduction. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene is recognized as candidate gene for susceptibility to Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between VDR gene polymorphisms and T2DM in Moroccans patients. Materials and Methods. 176 clinically diagnosed T2DM patients and 177 healthy controls from the Moroccans population were recruited. BsmI(rs1544410), FokI(rs10735810) and ApaI (rs7975232) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPS) of the VDR gene were determined using polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). A Vitamin D level was determined using ELISA. Results. The prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency is significantly higher in patients with T2DM than in the control subjects. There was a strong association between fok1 polymorphisms with T2DM (OR = 0,35, 95% CI = 0.14– 0.83, P = 0.018), while the VDR BsmI and ApaI polymorphisms are not.
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