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http://www.drcohenonline.com | We want you to be able to lead a happy, health life and do the things you enoy doing without disability or pain. So once you are healthy, it is very iportant to have regular chiropractic check-ups to keep everything in alignment and working order.
A Bench Grinder is commonly used in Design & Technology for light general purpose grinding operations and tool sharpening. Pedestal Grinder A Pedestal Grinder is primarily used in Design & Technology for heavy general purpose grinding operations. Grinding is the process of removing material by the cutting action of the countless hard and sharp abrasive particles of a revolving grinding wheel as they come in contact with the surface to be ground. The grinding wheels are held between two flanged disks. Usually a roughing or coarse-grained wheel is mounted on one end of the spindle and a fine wheel on the other. A tool rest is provided for each wheel so that the work piece may be held or steadied while being ground. 200MM HEAVY DUTY GRINDER Acknowledgment http://www.brobo.com.au The operator is protected against flying abrasive particles and ground material by the wheel guards and spark arrestors, which are integral parts of a machine. Safety glass shields are also provided for additional protection. WARNING The main types of injury are caused by: • Entanglement of hair or clothing in rotating machinery parts. • Fingers being caught between grinder wheel and work rest. • Sparks or worn abrasive may be thrown by the grinding action. • Body parts coming into contact with abrasive wheel. • Ejected material or disintegrated abrasive wheel. • Hot metal. Acknowledgment http://www.brobo.com.au 86 Guidelines for the Safe Use of Machinery Grinder guarding Machinery must have in place guarding which isolates moving parts and the point of operation from direct contact with the operator. AS 1485 –1983 SAFETY AND HEALTH IN WORKROOMS OF EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS 7.5.5 Pedestal or Bench-type Grinding Machine. The following specific provisions apply to pedestal or bench-type grinding machines: (a) A fixed guard should cover the major part of the wheel, with additional adjustable guarding to leave exposed only the portion of the wheel in use. To compensate for the reduced diameter of the wheel an adjustable tongue shall be fitted so that a minimum gap between the wheel and the guard can be maintained. Grinding machines must have guarding, which encloses dangerous moving parts by means of fixed guards. • The angular exposure of the grinding wheel periphery and sides for guard must not exceed one quarter of the periphery. • The exposure must start at a point not be more than 650 above the horizontal plane of the wheel. • The guards must cover the spindle ends, nuts and flange projections. • The guards must be mounted to ensure proper alignment with the wheel. • The guards must be of sufficient mechanical strength to prevent part of the wheel being thrown out in the event of a 650 wheel breakage. max. 900 max. • The spark arrestors must be maintained at a distance exposure of no greater than 6mm. from the grinding wheel face. • A transparent eye screen, which is sufficiently large to discourage operators from looking round it, must be fitted on a grinder used for hand held work. • A work rest maintained in good condition and adjusted as close as possible to the wheel with a maximum clearance of 1.5mm. • Additional protection, in the form of an enclosure, which isolates the remaining work area from other personnel, may SIDE VIEW SHOWING GUARD ENCLOSING 0 270 OF GRINDING WHEEL be necessary depending on the positioning of the machine. 650 max. 6mm max. SIDE VIEW SHOWING SPARK ARRESTOR ADJUSTED TO A MAXIMUM 6mm GAP Acknowledgement: Standards Australia 87 Guidelines for the Safe Use of Machinery Purchasing a Bench Grinder General A Bench Grinder should: • Meet DECS Standards for Plant and Equipment: Part A. • Have spare parts readily available through a local distributor. • Be supplied with all tools required for the operation of the machine. • Be supplied with detailed instruction/parts manual. • Be of robust construction. • Be suitable for continuous use, similar to that found in industry. ...
Use Safety Glasses Also use safety footwear; snug fitting clothing; protective gloves; hearing and head protection (5). Carrying Saw Carry the chain saw by the front handle with the saw stopped, finger off the switch, the guide bar and saw chain, covered with the chain protection, to the rear. maintain Chain Saw With Care Inspect chain saw cords periodically and if damaged , have repaired by authorized service facility. Keep cord clear of the chain and operator at all times. Never carry saw by the cord or pull it to disconnect from receptacle. Keep cord from oil and sharp edges. inspect extension cords periodically and replace if damaged. Keep tools sharp and clean for better and safer performance. follow instructions for lubricating and changing accessories. Keep handles dry, clean, and free from oil and grease. Disconnect Chain Saw Disconnect chain saw when not in use, before servicing, and when changing accessories and attachments, such as saw chain and guard (6). Outdoor Use Extension Cords Use only extension cords intended for use outdoors and so marked. Route the power cord in such a way that in cannot get caught in branches or other objects during sawing. Stay Alert Watch what you are doing. use common sense. Do not operate chain saw when you are tired. Keep all parts of the body away from the saw chain when the motor is operating. Before you start the saw, make sure the saw chain is not contacting anything. Check Damaged Parts Before further use of the chain saw, a guard or other part that is damaged should be carefully checked to determine that it will operate properly and perform its intended function. Check for alignment of moving parts, binding of moving parts, breakage of parts, mounting, and any other conditions that may affect its operation. A guard or other part that is damaged should be properly repaired or replaced by an authorized service center unless otherwise indicated elsewhere in this instruction manual. have defective switches be replaced by authorized service center. Do not use chain saw if the switch does not turn the saw on and off. Do not operate a chain saw that is damaged, improperly adjusted, or is not completely and securely assembled (7). Be sure that the saw chain stops moving when the trigger is released. Guard Against Kickback WARNING: KICKBACK may occur when the nose or tip of the guide bar touches an object (8), or when the wood closes in and pinches the saw chain in the cut. Tip contact in some cases may cause a lightning fast reverse reaction, kicking the guide bar up and back towards the operator. Pinching the saw chain along the top of the guide bar may push the guide bar rapidly back towards the operator. Either of these reactions may cause you to lose control of the saw which could result in serious injury to user. The following precautions should be followed to minimize kickback: Always grip each handle with the thumb and fingers encircling the handle as illustrated in (9). Device malfunction maintenance refill oil sharpen the saw chain stop transport shutdown Don't let the nose of the guide bar contact a log, branch, ground, or other obstruction. Don't cut above shoulder height (10). Use devices such as low kickback chain, chain brakes and special guide bars that reduce the risks associated with kickback. Power Supply Connect chain saw to correct voltage, that is, be sure that the voltage supplied is the same as that specified on the nameplate of the tool (11). Replacement Parts When servicing, use only identical replacement parts (11). Polarized Plugs To reduce the risk of electric shock, this equipment has a polarized plug (one blade is wider than the other). This plug will fit in a polarized outlet only one way. if the plug does not fit fully in the outlet , reverse the plug. If it still does not fit, contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. Do not change the plug in any way. Wear ear protectors during operation. Before making a felling cut, remove dirt, stones, loose bark, nails, staples and wire from the tree. Secure the log so that it will not rol or move suddenly during operation. aVOID UNINTENTIONAL STARTING. Don't carry plugged-in tool with finger on switch. Be sure switch is OFF when plugging in.....
3491 Mission Oaks Blvd., Camarillo, CA 93011 Visit our Web site at http://www.harborfreight.com Copyright © 2002 by Harbor Freight Tools®. All rights reserved. No portion of this manual or any artwork contained herein may be reproduced in any shape or form without the express written consent of Harbor Freight Tools . For technical questions and replacement parts, please call 1-800-444-3353 Specifications Engine Stand Capacity Assembled Dimensions Folded Dimensions Engine Turn Capacity Main Post Height 1 Ton (2000 Lbs.) 42” L x 36” W x 34” H 17” L x 22-1/2” W x 40” H 360 Degrees 32-1/2” Save This Manual You will need the manual for the safety warnings and precautions, assembly instructions, operating and maintenance procedures, parts list and diagram. Keep your invoice with this manual. Write the invoice number on the inside of the front cover. Keep the manual and invoice in a safe and dry place for future reference. Safety Warnings and Precautions WARNING: When using product, basic safety precautions should always be followed to reduce the risk of personal injury and damage to equipment. Read all instructions before using this product! 1. Avoid working alone. If an accident happens, an assistant can bring help. 2. Keep work area clean. Cluttered areas invite injuries. 3. Observe work area conditions. Don’t expose to rain. Keep work area well lighted. 4. Keep children away. Children must never be allowed in the work area. Do not let them near the Stand. 5. Store idle equipment. When not in use, the Stand must be stored in a dry location to inhibit rust. Always lock up tools and keep out of reach of children. 6. Dress properly. Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry as they can be caught in moving parts. Protective, electrically nonconductive clothes and nonskid footwear are recommended when working. Wear restrictive hair covering to contain long hair. 7. Use eye and ear protection. Always wear ANSI approved impact safety goggles. 8. Do not overreach. Keep proper footing and balance at all times. Do not reach over or across electrical cables or frames. 9. Maintain Stand with care. Inspect Stand, and if damaged, have it repaired by an authorized technician. 10. Use the right Stand for the job. Do not attempt to force a small Stand or attachment to do the work of a larger industrial Stand. There are certain applications for which this Stand was designed. Do not modify this Stand and do not use this Stand for a purpose for which it was not intended. 11. Stay alert. Watch what you are doing, use common sense. Do not operate any Stand when you are tired. 12. Check for damaged parts. Before using the Stand, any part that appears damaged should be carefully checked to determine that it will operate properly and perform its intended function. Check for alignment and binding of moving parts; any broken parts or mounting fixtures; and any other condition that may affect proper operation. Any part that is damaged should be properly repaired or replaced by a qualified technician. 13. Replacement parts and accessories. When servicing, use only identical replacement parts. Use of any other par ts will void the warranty. 14. Do not operate Stand if under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Read warning labels on prescriptions to determine if your judgment or reflexes are impaired while taking drugs. If there is any doubt, do not operate the Stand. 15. Maintenance. For your safety, maintenance should be performed regularly by a qualified technician. Additional Safety Warnings and Precautions 1. Stay Clear of Stand. Never go under an engine being held by the Stand. It is possible for the object to slip and fall, resulting in serious injury. 2. Warning! Always work on a flat, level surface. Clear the area of all spectators (to a safe distance). Do not go under an engine block while it is on the Engine Stand. 3. Warning: After the engine is securely held in place on the Engine Stand, slowly lower the hoist while visually inspecting that all four bolts stay securely inside each Holding Block (#1). 4. Warning: Do not release the entire weight of the engine from the hoist until you are sure the engine is securely attached to the Engine Stand. Warning: The warnings, cautions, and instructions discussed in this instruction manual cannot cover all possible conditions and situations that may occur. It must be understood by the operator that common sense and caution are factors which cannot be built into this product, but must be supplied by the operator. Unpacking When unpacking, check to make sure the parts listed on page 5 are included. See listing of parts packed in Box #1 and Box #2. If any par ts are missing or broken, please call Harbor Freight Tools at the number on the cover of this manual.
Ford EFI Engine Lift Plate Safety Guidelines The installation begins with common sense! It is highly recommended that you support the vehicle with four heavy duty jack stands. ALWAYS use an engine hoist specifically designed for this procedure. The vehicle should be positioned on a hard, flat and level surface (asphalt in the summer can be very dangerous). NEVER use a bumper or scissor jack for the support of your vehicle! ALWAYS use safety glasses. Allow the engine and transmission to cool before disassembly. Instructions 1. If you are unfamiliar with the vehicle wiring, fuel connections, coolant or vacuum hose routing, it is always advisable to mark each connection before removal. 2. Always make sure the engine is cold and relieve fuel pressure to minimize the possibility of personal injury or vehicle damage. Use caution in removing electrical connections due to the sensitive nature of most locking style connectors. 3. Remove the coolant hoses, fuel lines, inlet ducting, throttle cable/linkage, vacuum hoses and wiring from the alternator, battery, distributor, gauge sending units, injectors, starter and throttle body. 4. Remove the 6 or 8 (varies by intake design) upper to lower intake manifold bolts. 5. Carefully remove the upper intake from the lower. In some cases the upper may be heavy and may require some maneuvering. 6. With the alignment tab facing the front of the engine, attach the lift plate using the hardware included and tighten the bolts to 12-18 lb ft. 7. Attach the engine hoist lift using one of three holes in the plate to achieve the proper lifting point and tilt angle to the engine assembly for removal making sure that all hooks, bolts, pins etc. are secure before placing tension on the chain assembly. 8. Remove the driveshaft and insert a plug or extra yoke on the output shaft of the transmission to prevent fluid leakage. Secure to prevent the unit from becoming disengaged during the removal process. 9. Remove the remainder of the bolts from the exhaust, motor mounts, driveshaft and transmission crossmember. 10. Always utilize a helper when attempting engine removal for your own personal safety and ease of removal. 1-800-345-4545 jegs.com
This manual has been prepared as an introduction to the specifications, features, construction, functions, etc. of the newly developed 3000GT. Please read this manual carefully so that it will be of assistance for your service and sales activities. Please note that the following service manuals are also available and should be used in conjunction with this manual. All information, illustrations and product descriptions contained in this manual are current as at the time of publication. We, however, reserve the right to make changes at any time without prior notice or obligation. MODEL INDICATIONS The following abbreviations are used in this manual for classification of model types. M/T: Indicates the manual transmission, or models equipped with the manual transmission. MPI: Indicates the multi-point injection, or engines equipped with the multi-point injection. 4WD: Indicates the 4 wheel-drive vehicles. DOHC: Indicates an engine with the double overhead camshaft, or a model equipped with such an engine. INDICATION OF DESTINATION Europe, General Export, Australia, New Zealand and GCC used for convenience to indicate destination. NOTE 1. "General Export" means territories other than Europe, Australia, New Zealand, GCC, the U.S.A. and Canada. 2. "GCC" means member of the Gulf Cooperation Council nation. 3. In some instances, vehicles with other specifications may be shipped to some countries. GENERAL - How to Use This Manual EXPLANATION OF CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS The symbols used in circuit diagrams are used as described below. NOTE For detailed information concerning the reading of circuit diagrams, refer to the separate manual of "ELECTRICAL WIRING".
Installation tips – changing timing belts Described using the Renault Clio II 1.6 16V engine code K4M 748 as an example Renault installs a large number of the Clio II 1.6 16V engine, with differing engine displacement, in their vehicles. When the timing belts are changed, critical mistakes are made again and again that have a negative effect on the belt drive. To ensure that changing the belts goes smoothly, ContiTech Power Transmission Group is providing mechanics with a detailed list of installation tips. Step by step, ContiTech experts explain how to replace belts correctly. When the timing belts are changed, the tension pulley, the guide pulley and the water pump should be replaced, too. Renault recommends a belt change every 100,000 km for all models up to 1999, and every 120,000 km for all later models, or for low mileages. In order to do this, mechanics require a crankshaft locking pin, Renault tool code MOT1489, and a camshaft alignment ruler, Renault tool code MOT1496. The working time is for the Clio about 2.7, for the Mégane 3.6, for the Mégane Scénic 3.9 and for the Laguna 2.5 hours. Preparatory work: Identify the vehicle using the engine code on the engine block (Fig. 1). Disconnect the vehicle's battery.
Al Qaeda (AQ) has evolved into a significantly different terrorist organization than the one that perpetrated the September 11, 2001, attacks. At the time, Al Qaeda was composed mostly of a core cadre of veterans of the Afghan insurgency against the Soviet Union, with a centralized leadership structure made up mostly of Egyptians. Most of the organization’s plots either emanated from the top or were approved by the leadership. Some analysts describe pre-9/11 Al Qaeda as akin to a corporation, with Osama Bin Laden acting as an agile Chief Executive Officer issuing orders and soliciting ideas from subordinates. Some would argue that the Al Qaeda of that period no longer exists. Out of necessity, due to pressures from the security community, in the ensuing years it has transformed into a diffuse global network and philosophical movement composed of dispersed nodes with varying degrees of independence. The core leadership, headed by Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, is thought to live in the mountainous tribal belt of northwest Pakistan bordering Afghanistan, where it continues to train operatives, recruit, and disseminate propaganda. But Al Qaeda franchises or affiliated groups active in countries such as Yemen and Somalia now represent critical power centers in the larger movement. Some affiliates receive money, training, and weapons; others look to the core leadership in Pakistan for strategic guidance, theological justification, and a larger narrative of global struggle. Over the past year senior government officials have assessed the trajectory of Al Qaeda to be “less centralized command and control, (with) no clear center of gravity, and likely rising and falling centers of gravity, depending on where the U.S. and the international focus is for that period.” While a degraded corporate Al Qaeda may be welcome news to many, a trend has emerged over the past few years that some view as more difficult to detect, if not potentially more lethal. The Al Qaeda network today also comprises semi-autonomous or self radicalized actors, who often have only peripheral or ephemeral ties to either the core cadre in Pakistan or affiliated groups elsewhere. According to U.S. officials Al Qaeda cells and associates are located in over 70 countries. Sometimes these individuals never leave their home country but are radicalized with the assistance of others who have traveled abroad for training and indoctrination through the use of modern technologies. In many ways, the dispersion of Al Qaeda affiliates fits into the larger strategy of Bin Laden and his associates. They have sought to serve as the vanguard of a religious movement that inspires Muslims and other individuals aspiring to join a jihadi movement to help defend and purify Islam through violent means. The name “Qaeda” means “base” or “foundation,” upon which its members hope to build a robust, geographically diverse network. Understanding the origins of Al Qaeda, its goals, current activities, and prospective future pursuits is key to developing sound U.S. strategies, policies, and programs. Appreciating the adaptive nature of Al Qaeda as a movement and the ongoing threat it projects onto U.S. global security interests assists in many facets of the national security enterprise, including securing the homeland; congressional legislative process and oversight; alignment of executive branch resources and coordination efforts; and prioritization of foreign assistance. The focus of this report is on the history of Al Qaeda, known (or attributed) actions and suspected capabilities of the organization and non-aligned entities, and an analysis of select regional Al Qaeda affiliates. This report may be updated as events warrant. Congressional Research Service Al Qaeda and Affiliates
Al Qaeda (AQ) has evolved into a significantly different terrorist organization than the one that perpetrated the September 11, 2001, attacks. At the time, Al Qaeda was composed mostly of a core cadre of veterans of the Afghan insurgency against the Soviets, with a centralized leadership structure, made up mostly of Egyptians. Most of the organization’s plots either emanated from the top or were approved by the leadership. Some analysts describe pre-9/11 Al Qaeda as akin to a corporation, with Osama Bin Laden acting as an agile Chief Executive Officer issuing orders and soliciting ideas from subordinates. Some would argue that the Al Qaeda of that period no longer exists. Out of necessity, due to pressures from the security community, in the ensuing years it has transformed into a diffuse global network and philosophical movement composed of dispersed nodes with varying degrees of independence. The core leadership, headed by Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, is thought to live in the mountainous tribal belt of northwest Pakistan, where it continues to train operatives, recruit, and disseminate propaganda. But Al Qaeda franchises or affiliated groups active in countries such as Yemen and Somalia now represent critical power centers in the larger movement. Some affiliates receive money, training, and weapons; others look to the core leadership in Pakistan for strategic guidance, theological justification, and a larger narrative of global struggle. Over the past year senior government officials have assessed the trajectory of Al Qaeda to be “less centralized command and control, (with) no clear center of gravity, and likely rising and falling centers of gravity, depending on where the U.S. and the international focus is for that period.” While a degraded corporate Al Qaeda may be welcome news to many, a trend has emerged over the past few years that some view as more difficult to detect, if not potentially more lethal. The Al Qaeda network today also comprises semi-autonomous or self radicalized actors, who often have only peripheral or ephemeral ties to either the core cadre in Pakistan or affiliated groups elsewhere. According to U.S. officials Al Qaeda cells and associates are located in over 70 countries. Sometimes these individuals never leave their home country but are radicalized with the assistance of others who have traveled abroad for training and indoctrination through the use of modern technologies. In many ways, the dispersion of Al Qaeda affiliates fits into the larger strategy of Bin Laden and his associates. They have sought to serve as the vanguard of a religious movement that inspires Muslims and other individuals aspiring to join a jihadi movement to help establish a global caliphate through violent means. The name “Qaeda” means “base” or “foundation,” upon which its members hope to build a robust, geographically-diverse network. Understanding the origins of Al Qaeda, its goals, current activities, and prospective future pursuits is key to developing sound U.S. strategies, policies, and programs. Appreciating the adaptive nature of Al Qaeda as a movement and the ongoing threat it projects onto U.S. global security interests assists in many facets of the national security enterprise; including, securing the homeland, congressional legislative process and oversight, alignment of executive branch resources and coordination efforts, and prioritization of foreign assistance. The focus of this report is on the history of Al Qaeda, actions and capabilities of the organization and non-aligned entities, and an analysis of select regional Al Qaeda affiliates. This report may be updated as events warrant. Congressional Research Service Al Qaeda and Affiliates
Congratulations, you have purchased the finest flywheel for both increased engine performance and engine life! Instructions for removal and re-installation of your flywheel and clutch assembly can be found in most factory service manuals or through various online resources. *Please follow the OEM recommendations for installation of your new flywheel with the following notes in mind: BASIC FITMENT NOTES: CENTERBORE/CRANK BOSS: Because of standard variances in OEM factory manufacturing tolerances, the aluminum flywheel to crankshaft boss fit may vary from slip-fit to slight interference. Aluminum expands at twice the rate of steel so that in order to retain a tight fit when the engine and flywheel reaches operating temperature — the aluminum flywheel has to go on tighter at ambient temperature. Excessive flywheel runout can be evidence of improper fit. If interference is present, check to see that when the flywheel bolts are torqued, the flywheel is pulled tight against the crankshaft mating surface and that there is no excessive runout. Remove flywheel and inspect for evidence of improper fit. Interference at the crankshaft “boss” can be corrected by removing excessive material with a 3-cornered scraper or by heating the flywheel on an electric "hot plate" to temporarily expand the center bore for correct mounting. Never leave the hot plate unattended. Caution, flywheel will be hot, use care when handling! WARNING: Do not use Loctite on the crank register because it prevents the flywheel from properly seating against the crank. ALIGNMENT, BOLT UP & MOUNTING: Many flywheel applications feature a locating/alignment hole designed to match up to a factory locator dowel, boss or hole on the engine crankshaft flange and assure proper alignment of the flywheel. Please make sure your flywheel is properly aligned using these locator elements when installing. On some applications, like Ford flywheels (e.g. #186501) no locator dowel was used, and the actual crank bolt pattern is ASYMMETRICAL (not equal in dimensions) so that the flywheel may be installed in only one orientation. These type applications may require you to “clock” or rotate the flywheel several times until ALL bolt holes align correctly before installing your crank bolts. Always use OE or higher quality hardware when installing your flywheel and clutch. Fidanza flywheels are designed to use OE spec hardware unless special hardware is provided. Please DO NOT use lock style washers as this will brinell the aluminum and may damage your flywheel. Please DO use a small amount of Loctite on crank bolts where needed to ensure they remain properly tightened. Again, please refer to your factory service manual for correct torque specs, tightening pattern, etc. DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN/OVERTORQUE CRANK OR CLUTCH BOLTS AS THIS MAY DAMAGE YOUR FLYWHEEL! Threaded clutch bolt holes are USS (coarse thread) or standard Metric as this is stronger for aluminum. If your flywheel uses dowels for the clutch, the dowels should be pressed in with a vise. You must apply a small amount of permanent Loctite on each dowel before installation (not required for step dowels). Follow the OEM torque specifications for the flywheel to crank bolts and clutch mounting bolts. Wipe the friction surface with brake cleaner to remove protective film or any contaminants just before clutch installation. BELLHOUSING AND BLOCK CLEARANCES: All Fidanza Performance flywheels are designed to OE dimensions and clearances unless specifically noted. Test the flywheel and clutch that you plan to use for rotational clearance inside of the bellhousing and for engine block clearance before final assembly. Normal manufacturing tolerances with the factory bellhousing, oil pan, sensors, engine block and or any other area that could cause clearance problems must be checked prior to final assembly. The flywheel application fitments have been derived using the best possible sources, but end user MUST verify fitment before installation! TRIGGERS: Fidanza Performance flywheels are equipped with trigger rings or the provision to accept the OE trigger rings where required. For vehicles equipped with sensors triggered off of the flywheel, please measure the clearance between the flywheel and trigger/sensor before removal of the original flywheel. This clearance MUST be matched after installation of your new flywheel. This may require shimming for clearance or moving the sensor in as needed. Some factory sensors are adjustable (please see your factory...