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How Electronic Fuel Injection Works Electronic Fuel injection works on the some very basic principles. The following discussion broadly outlines how a basic or Convention Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI) system operates. The Electronic Fuel Injection system can be divided into three: basic sub-systems. These are the fuel delivery system, air induction system, and the electronic control system. The Fuel Delivery System • The fuel delivery system consists of the fuel tank, fuel pump, fuel filter, fuel delivery pipe (fuel rail), fuel injector, fuel pressure regulator, and fuel return pipe. • Fuel is delivered from the tank to the injector by means of an electric fuel pump. The pump is typically located in or near the fuel tank. Contaminants are filtered out by a high capacity in line fuel filter. • Fuel is maintained at a constant pressure by means of a fuel pressure regulator. Any fuel which is not delivered to the intake manifold by the injector is returned to the tank through a fuel return pipe. The Air Induction System • The air induction system consists of the air cleaner, air flow meter, throttle valve, air intake chamber, intake manifold runner, and intake valve. • Air delivered to the engine is a function of driver demand. As the throttle valve is opened further, more air is allowed to enter the engine cylinders. • When the throttle valve is opened, air flows through the air cleaner, through the air flow meter (on L type systems), past the throttle valve, and through a well tuned intake manifold runner to the intake valve. • Toyota engines use two different methods to measure intake air volume. The L type EFI system measures air flow directly by using an air flow meter. The D type EFI system measures air flow indirectly by monitoring the pressure in the intake manifold.
6550PRO – Professional Master Fuel Injection Service Kit 6550UPD – Professional Fuel Injection Update Kit 6550MAN-08 – Professional Fuel Injection Application Manual 800-533-6127 www.otctools.com Professional Fuel System Service Kits • 6550PRO – Professional Master Fuel Injection Service Kit • 6550UPD – Professional Fuel Injection Update Kit 6550PRO Professional Master Fuel Injection Service Kit The new 6550PRO Professional Fuel Injection Master Fitting Kit from OTC puts a full coverage fuel system service kit in your toolbox and greater service opportunities in your shop! The 6550PRO from OTC comes with an analog fuel pressure gauge preferred by professional service technicians giving precise pressure readings as well as a view of pressure sweeps during the testing analysis. The pressure testing manifold is designed with a bypass valve letting the technician perform basic fuel flow assessments. The 6550PRO has more adapters than any other kit we’ve found giving the best coverage of any kit on the market. Domestic, Asian and European – we’ve got ‘em! Each adapter in the 6550PRO works with Schrader valve fittings to ensure user safety by preventing fuel spray when connecting or disconnecting the pressure gauge (included), the fuel line, or an accessory like a cleaning canister. All seals and o-rings in the 6550PRO from OTC are made with highly durable Viton material to prevent swelling or cracking when exposed to gasoline, alcohol blends and even the most aggressive injector cleaning chemicals. • 6550MAN-08 – Professional Fuel Injection Application Manual Every 6550PRO comes with an Application Manual (6550MAN-08) showing technical references for Make/Model/Year, Engine for vehicles produced between 1997 and 2008 – inclusive. We include Fuel Injection system, OE Fuel Pressure ranges, Fuel Pump Access point and disabling reference, OTC adapter reference and fuel line access locations for virtually FULL VEHICLE COVERAGE. 6550UPD – Professional Fuel Injection Update Kit Already own a Master Fuel Injection Adapter Kit (6550) from OTC? We’ve got you covered. We’ve designed an update kit (6550UPD) with you in mind. The update kit comes with additional fittings, new storage tray, and instructions so you can convert your existing 6550 Master Fuel Injection Adapter Kit to the 6550PRO in just minutes. The 6550UPD kit from OTC includes the 1997 to 2008 Application Manual (6550MAN-08) as well. Any way you cut it – Fuel System Service tools from OTC sets the bar with the fullest coverage and application information in the market today. Contact your local distributor to order yours today! 6550MAN-08 Professional Fuel Injection Application Manual Now technicians, don’t have to access a computer for the technical data needed for fuel system service. The 6550MAN-08 Application Manual from OTC puts the technical data reference information right at your fingertips – right at the vehicle. The manual also includes general safety and operating procedures gathered from technicians just like you. With multilingual translations, the 6550PRO, with the 6550MAN-08 Application Manual brings the best fuel system service capability to all of North ...
Fuel injectors last a long time but, like everything else, are eventually subject to failure. The can fail in various ways, some of which can be fixed and others not. Just to give you and idea of the kind of tests and service injectors normally get by a professional, here is a list of things that were reported when I sent mine out for cleaning and testing in 1999, for $20 each (a unit of measure or the qualitative assessment indicators used is given in parentheses): • Flow for an equivalent of 15 seconds continuous operation (CC), before and after cleaning. Rate of flow is critical because the ECU depends upon the specified flow during an energizing pulse of particular duration. Since injectors are designed for pulsed rather than continuous operation they are tested by pulsing, but the results are expressed in terms of "equivalent continuous operation." Dirty injectors have lower flow rates. In my case flow rate went up by about 10% or more due to cleaning. • Leaks (OK or Leaks), before and after cleaning. Leakage can be either through the tip or internal. Tip leakage is caused by the valve not closing completely, perhaps due to dirt particles at the seat, which can't be seen without removing the injector from the car. Sometimes cleaning will resolve tip leaks. Internal leaks are when the casing breaks or something so that fuel goes where it shouldn't be. Sometimes this results in visible leakage from the plastic part of the injector body, so they can be seen without removing the injector. However, the testers rejected two of my injectors for internal leakage and I don't remember seeing any external signs, so I don't fully understand this failure mode. At any rate, cleaning won't fix this. • Spray pattern (OK, stringy, or plugged), before and after cleaning. Even if the flow rate is OK and there are no leaks an injector can develop a poor spray pattern, possible affecting combustion. I have heard of shops servicing the racers that give actual spray patterns recorded on a blotter for each injector. The service I used only say OK, Stringy, or Plugged. Four of my 12 went from Stringy to OK after cleaning. • Coil resistance (Ohms), cool and hot. The resistance of the solenoid coil is one measure of electrical soundness of an injector. I don't know everything that can happen in this category, but coil burn out is possible I suppose, in which case the resistance would be infinite. Perhaps internal leakage could result in corrosion, ...
B6 A4 INJECTOR APR, LLC 1027-B Opelika Road Auburn Alabama 36830 I N S TA L L AT I O N Tool Needed: - Flathead Screwdriver (large) - Flathead Screwdriver (small) - Ratchet - 5mm Allen Socket If you are using the APR Injectors, you will also need the following: - M27x1.5 Hand Tap - 20mm Allen Socket - 18mm Socket APR Injectors with Seats and Special Tool Tools Needed APR, LLC 1 0 2 7 - B O p e l i k a R o a d A u b u r n A l a b a m a 3 6 8 3 0 Step 1 Remove the Engine cover. Use a large ﬂathead screwdriver to remove the three quarter-turn screws. Installation Procedure APR, LLC 1027-B Opelika Road Auburn Alabama 36830 Step 2 Relieve Fuel Pressure. WARNING: ENGINE MUST BE COOL! Remove the fuel ﬁller cap to alleviate pressure in the fuel system. Remove the fuel rail pressure cap. The cap is a small black cap ﬁtted to the end of the fuel rail. With a small ﬂat head screw driver depress the valve release pin. CAUTION! Fuel will exit under pressure! Use a rag to cover the valve as you release the fuel pressure. APR, LLC 1 0 2 7 - B O p e l i k a R o a d A u b u r n A l a b a m a 3 6 8 3 0 Step 3 Remove Fuel Rail Bolts. To remove the fuel rail, unfasten the two 5mm allen head cap bolts. Be careful not to drop them into the engine bay. APR, LLC 1027-B Opelika Road Auburn Alabama 36830
The Top-Flo® name represents the finest in sanitary process equipment. TOP-FLO® pumps have been designed to offer efficient transfer of product over a wide range of head and viscosity conditions. TOP-FLO® pumps are easy to install, clean, and operate. This catalog will answer many of the questions you may have regarding TOP-FLO® pumps. If you require additional information, a representative will be happy to assist you and can be reached at 1-800-458-6095. TOP-FLO® pumps are suitable for use in CIP (clean-in-place) installations. This feature enables easy self-cleaning with no dismantling or take-down. Sanitizing of all product contact areas is automatic. All TOP-FLO® pumps are available in standard inlet sizes and outlet sizes. In addition, enlarged inlet sizes are available for... Motor Data is not included as part of 4-step ordering number. Provide the following information: • Horsepower and RPM TF-C100, TF-C114, TF-C216, TF-C218, TF-C328 • Electrical phase and voltage Note: • TEFC is standard • TF-C Series furnished without legs unless otherwise specified on order. If motor is furnished from another source, supply the following: • Casing Gaskets: BUNA (Standard). If other type is required, specify on order. • Enlarged inlet: When ordering pump with enlarged inlet state inlet size, i.e., TF-C218MD with 3" inlet. 3 port connections • Horsepower • RPM • NEMA frame size M - Clamp (Standard) Remember to order needed accessories: T - Acme Bevel Seat Thread • Seal Kits and Parts S - NPT Female Thread • Gaskets F - Flanged • Clamps W - Weld • Hangers type of seal/standard material: 4 D - External balanced sanitary seal DG - External balanced sanitary seal w/clamped insert E - Water cooled balanced double seal F - External balanced seal w/cascading water • Air Relief Valves • Check Valve • Butterfly Valves • Ball Valves • Fittings 1 TOP-FLO® TF-C Series Centrifugal Pumps seal specifications TYPE D External Balanced Seal (Sanitary) "tf-c" series Model No. TF-C100 TF-C114 TF-C216 TF-C218 TF-C328 Inlet 1-1/2 1-1/2 or 2 2 or 2-1/2 2 or 3 3 or 4 Outlet 1 1-1/2 1-1/2 1-1/2 2 Max. Imp. 3.68 4 6 8 8 pump specifications Pump Casings: • Volute type - Standard • Inlet-oversizing as noted in chart above Pump Connections: sanitary: industrial: • Clamp • Threaded • Bevel Seat (ACME) • Flanged Pump Construction Materials: • All wetted parts - 316 SS • Seals - Carbon (other seals available) • Casing Gasket - BUNA (Standard) • FKM, EPDM, and PTFE are available Pump Finishes: • Polished or Electropolished Pump Seals: • Available in D, DG, E, and F styles Motor, Electrical: • 3 Phase - 230/460 volts - 1750 & 3500 rpm • Single Phase - 115/230 volts - 1750 & 3500 rpm Motor Housings: • TEFC (Totally Enclosed Fan Cooled) • Washdown Duty • Other styles available on request For light duty transfer requirements, see Top Line brochure (TF-C100). 2 This versatile seal has numerous applications but yet is extremely durable. Dairy products, soft vegetables, beverages, and even acid cleaning solutions and detergents are among the recommended uses. type DG External Balanced Seal with Clamped-in Seat (Sanitary) The DG seal uses the standard Type D rotating seal components with a reversible silicon carbide, tungsten carbide or ceramic seat. Typical applications include liquid sugar, beverage syrup, chocolate and abrasive products.
The all-new 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 arrive first as a crew cab, followed soon by a regular cab and a double cab, which replaces the extended cab of previous years. Early buyers can choose from either a 4.3L V6 engine or a 5.3L V8 engine. A new 6.2L V8 engine will follow later in the year. For the first time, 1500 crew cabs will be available with a longer 6’6” cargo box, in addition to the previous 5’8” cargo box, enabling customers to carry more cargo while still being able to park in many garages. Three all-new EcoTec3 engines will be offered. The EcoTec3 engines feature three state-of-the-art technologies — direct injection, V4 Active Fuel Management (cylinder deactivation) and continuously variable valve timing — to make the most of power, torque and efficiency across a broad range of operating conditions. Full-Size Truck Brake Pipe Kit All kits are pre-formed and pre-flared to aid installation. The brake pipe kits have a nylon coating that provides better All-New 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 Have Arrived. . . . . . 1 Full-Size Truck Brake Pipe Kit . . . . . . . . . . 1 New EcoTec3 Engines ACDelco recently released new hydraulic brake pipe kits for 1999-2007 Chevrolet Silverados and GMC Sierras and 1999-2006 Cadillac Escalade, Chevrolet Tahoe, Chevrolet Suburban, Chevrolet Avalanche and GMC Yukon models. These kits can be used any time the replacement of the entire brake pipe assembly is required. IN THIS ISSUE corrosion protection; and they are a lower-cost alternative to pipe replacement. The kits are not intended for the repair of a single damaged brake pipe. They are intended for the replacement of the entire brake pipe assembly due to c orrosion or wear. Service bulletin 13D-079 GMT800 details the procedures for installing these kits. It includes a part number l isting for each application. continued on page 3...
Wall Ovens Warmer Drawers Induction Built-In Range Cooktops EW30IS65J S Featuring Wave-Touch® Controls & Induction Cooktop 30" INDUCTION BUILT-IN RANGE Yes 1 1 1 1 Yes Yes Ceramic Glass Smoothtop 10" Induction Cooking Element – 2500W / 3400W 8" Induction Cooking Element – 2400W / 3400W 7" Induction Cooking Element – 1900W / 2600W 6" Induction Cooking Element – 1500W / 1900W Hot-Surface Indicator Light Surface Controls Oven Features More Energy-Efficient Cooking with induction is 70% more efficient than gas and 20% more efficient than electric. Capacity Hidden Bake Element Eight-Pass Bake Element – 2500 Watts Eight-Pass Broil Element – 4000 Watts Convection Element – 2500 Watts Cobalt Blue Interior Self-Clean Options with Door Lock Perfect Convect3® with Variable 2-Speed Fan Cooking Modes – Bake, Broil, Convection Bake, Convection Roast, Convection Broil, Keep Warm, Slow Cook Baking Options – Perfect Turkey®, Defrost, Dehydrate, Bread Proof, My Favorites, Multi-Stage Cooking, Temperature Probe, Rapid Preheat, Delay Bake, Convection Convert Luxury-Design® Lighting with Dual 40W Halogen Bulbs Luxury-Glide® Racks Conventional Racks Convection Roasting Rack 4.2 Cu. Ft. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 3 Yes Freestanding Ranges Induction Cooktop Features Microwaves Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 7 10 Yes 2 1 Yes Vent Hoods Wave-Touch® Electronic Oven Control Perfect Set® Element Controls Keypad Entry of Time & Temperature Electronic Clock & Timer Temperature Display Automatic Oven (Delay, Cook & Off) Built-In Ranges Control Panel Features Accessories Optional Specifications Exceptional Temperature Control Adjust heat with greater accuracy than gas or electric cooktops, especially at lower settings. Perfect for melting chocolate and cooking delicate foods and sauces. Cooking Flexibility The sensors automatically detect the presence of magnetic cookware, activate the induction field and adjust it to the exact size of the pan. Color – Stainless Steel Oven Cavity Dimensions – Height Width Depth Product Dimensions – Height (Adjustable) Width Depth (to Center of Arc) (with 90° Door Open) Power Supply Connection Location Connected Load (kW Rating) @ 240 / 208 Volts Amps @ 240 / 208 Volts Minimum Circuit Required (Amps) Shipping Weight (Approx.) S Refrigerators Included Included 16-1/2" 24-1/8" 18-1/32" 35-5/8" – 36-5/8" 30" 28-5/16" 45-1/2" Left Bottom Rear 13.2 / 9.9 55 / 48 50 258 Lbs. *When properly installed, meets the appliance standards in the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines as published by the United States Access Board on June 23, 2004, as amended August 5, 2005. NOTE: Always consult local and national electric codes. Refer to Product Installation Guide for detailed installation instructions on the web at electroluxappliances.com. Specifications subject to change. electroluxappliances.com Freezers Porcelain Broiler Pan and Insert Cleaning Sponge 2" Rear Filler Kit, Side Panel Kit, Backguard Kit, Side Trim Kit – See Back for Part Numbers Under Counter Cooking with induction is more responsive than gas or electric — you can instantly adjust the heat to a delicate simmer or bring it to a quick boil. Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Washers / Dryers More Responsive Luxury-Hold™ Oven Door Extra-Large Glass Window Perfect Pair Lower Oven® Adjustable Leveling Legs Sabbath Mode (Star-K® Certified) A.D.A. Compliant* Dishwashers / Kitchen Cleanup Additional Features Induction Built-In Range EW30IS65J S 30" Induction Built-In Range Specifications Countertop Preparation • Product For detailed preparation instructions, refer to installation guide on the web. • Flat square-finish (flat) countertop requires no preparation since rangetop flange lays directly on countertop edge. • Formed front-edged countertops require front molded edge to be shaved flat 3/4" from each front corner of opening. • Tile countertops may need cut back 3/4" from each front corner of opening and / or rounded edge flattened. • For existing cutout width greater than 30-1/16" reduce the 3/4" overlap dimension or for cutout width of 29", replace actual side trim panels with smaller side trim panels, available with optional Side Trim Kit (refer to detailed kit installation instructions). Weight – 238 Lbs. phase 3- or 4-wire cable, 120 / 240 or 120 / 208 Volt, 60 Hertz, fused on both sides of line with ground. (If local code permits, range may be connected by hard-wiring or by means of power supply cord kit.) • Connected Load (kW Rating) @ 240 / 208 Volts = 13.2 / 9.9 kW • Amps @ 240 / 208 Volts = 55 / 48 Amps • Recommended Circuit Breaker – 50 Amps • Always consult local and national electric codes. • Countertop MUST be level in all directions and adjustable range height at least 1/16" greater than tallest cabinet height, to ensure metal rangetop flange will fit properly on countertop edge. • When installing optional Backguard Kit, cutout depth of 21-3/4" minimum / 22-1/8" maximum needs increased to 24". • Overhead cabinetry should not exceed a 13" maximum depth. • Absolute minimum horizontal distance between overhead cabinets installed to either side of appliance must be no less than maximum width of appliance. • Allow 24" minimum clearance between rangetop and bottom of cabinet when bottom of wood or metal cabinet is protected by not less than 1/4" flame-retardant millboard covered with not less than No. 28 MGS sheet steel, 0.015" stainless steel, 0.024" aluminum or 0.020" copper. Allow 30" minimum clearance when cabinet is unprotected. • To reduce risk of fire when using overhead cabinetry, install range hood that projects horizontally a recommended minimum of 5" beyond bottom of cabinets. • When installing range into existing cutout depth greater than 22-1/8", optional 2" Rear Filler Kit available. • Single Note: For planning purposes only. Refer to Product Installation Guide on the web at electroluxappliances.com for detailed instructions.
Electric Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heaters High Efficiency Hot water why hybrid HEAT PUMP water heaters Energy Efficiency Uses up to 70% less energy than standard electric tank-style water heaters. Premium Stainless Steel Durable premium stainless steel exterior and interior tank. ENERGY STAR® Exceeds current energy standards, providing a more energy efficient water heating solution for your home. Northern Climate Tier 2 Certification Exceeds current Energy Star® standards providing the most versatile, quiet and efficient water heater in its class. Lifetime Limited Warranty Lifetime Limited Warranty supported by a 1-year labor, 10-year parts and 15-year tank warranty to provide peace of mind. Longer Lasting Lasts up to 2 times longer than standard electric tank-style water heaters. Hot Water for all your home needs Select the right water heater for you With single vent and dual vent models, we have the solution that is best for you. Single Vent 66 Gallons Dual Vent 66 Gallons CERTIFICATIO NS EE66WP30PS - Electric Hybrid Heat Pump FIN ISH CON TROLS P ERFORMAN CE / FEATURES IN SP STALLATIO N ECIFICATIO NS EE66WP35PS - Electric Hybrid Heat Pump MET ENERGY STAR® Northern Cold Climate - Tier 2 MET ENERGY STAR® Northern Cold Climate - Tier 2 Exterior: Stainless Steel Interior Tank: Stainless Steel Exterior: Stainless Steel Interior Tank: Stainless Steel Integrated Control Panel LED Digital Color Display 90 °F - 135 °F Temperature Range Three Modes of Operation: Auto, Econ and Heater Modes Integrated Control Panel LED Digital Color Display 90 °F - 135 °F Temperature Range Three Modes of Operation: Auto, Econ and Heater Modes Tank Capacity: 66 Gallons Energy Factor: 2.35 First Hour Rating: 70 Gallons Sound Level (Heat Pump): 48 DBA Heat Pump Ambient Temp Operating Range (Factory Default): 32 °F - 120 °F Heat Pump Ambient Temp Operating Range (Programmable): 20 °F - 120 °F Air Filter Anode Rod T & P Relief Valve Tank Capacity: 66 Gallons Energy Factor: 2.35 First Hour Rating: 70 Gallons Sound Level (Heat Pump): 48 DBA Heat Pump Ambient Temp Operating Range (Factory Default): 32 °F - 120 °F Heat Pump Ambient Temp Operating Range (Programmable): 20 °F - 120 °F Air Filter Anode Rod T & P Relief Valve Freestanding Installation Electrical: 240V/60Hz/30A 3/4" Threaded Hot/Cold Water Connections 3/4" Threaded Condensate Drain w/ Overflow Vent Duct Capable: Yes - Single (Exhaust) Exhaust Vent Diameter: 6" 70 - 1/2" Height 25 - 1/2" Diameter 243 lbs Freestanding Installation Electrical: 240V/60Hz/30A 3/4" Threaded Hot/Cold Water Connections 3/4" Threaded Condensate Drain w/ Overflow Vent Duct Capable: Yes - Dual (Exhaust/Intake) Exhaust/Intake Vent Diameter: 6" 70 - 1/2" Height 25 - 1/2" Diameter 243 lbs standard Installation Program * Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater Installation – Simplified! The Electrolux Hybrid Heat Pump Water heater will be installed by a Plumbing Professional, trained in the Installation and Service of the product, on the date and time indicated by the Sales Associate and/or Electrolux Customer Agent. The Standard Installation Program includes the materials and labor required for a complete water heater installation under normal conditions. You can expect the following: • ne (1) day professional installation, by a O Plumbing Professional, in accordance with Federal, state and local laws, rules and regulations in addition to those requirements specified by the manufacturer. • The Plumbing Professional will remove and dispose of the existing water heater in an environmentally responsible way. All debris and leftover materials will be cleaned up and removed by the Plumbing Professional. • The Plumbing Professional will provide assistance in registration of the new Electrolux Water Heater as well as provide assistance in understanding and applying for applicable credits. *nstallation charges apply. See sales associate for details.
http://www.solenoidsolutionsinc.com/solenoid-valve-manifolds/ | A solenoid valve sounds complicated, but it is simply a valve that is opened or closed electromagnetically. As expert solenoid valve manufacturers, Solenoid Solutions can design and manufacture a solenoid valve and manifold to your exact specifications that will fall right within your budget.
http://www.solenoidsolutionsinc.com/solenoid-valves/2-series-solenoid-valves/ | The type of solenoid valve you need depends on your specific application. Choosing a high capacity solenoid valve can save your company significant time and money. These valves can be used in all sorts of industries. Choosing the right valve could improve the efficiency of your business operations.