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chainsaws are not exactly silent, we’ve found some that are quiet enough that the operator need not wear hearing protection, and we’ve found a quality saw that is quieter than the quietest gas powered lawn mower we’ve ever tested. NPC is testing and promoting quieter chainsaws as part of our expanded Quiet Lawns Project. (See our Quiet Lawns Special Report where we examine the noise levels of more than 70 lawnmowers.) As we expand the number and Chainsaws are coming types of lawn equipment out of the woods. In tested, we are starting fact, most of the three with chainsaws, because million-plus chainsaws for years the chainsaw sold this year will never has been the poster child for noise. By showing see the woods, let alone that chainsaws can be travel more than a quieted, we show that couple hundred feet almost anything can be from the garage. quieted. Secondly, we’re testing chainsaws because we want to balance our projects between rural, suburban, and urban noise. Testing chainsaws expands the scope of our Quiet Lawns Project to rural areas, since chainsaws have a significant impact on the rural soundscape. Finally, we’re testing chainsaws because they are no longer solely the tools of lumberjacks and loggers. Chainsaws are found in more and more garages; their noise is found in more and more neighborhoods. There are probably more than 30 million chainsaws used in the US. More than three million chainsaws are sold in the US each year. The National Gardening Association reports that 5.7 million new and used chainsaws were sold last year. If there aren’t any chainsaws in your neighborhood right now, they will be coming soon. There aren’t three million loggers in the United States; there are slightly more than 100 million households in the United States. The people buying chainsaws today don’t need gas saws. There is no reason electric chainsaws, which are currently about 10% of the market, couldn’t be 80% of the market. The demand for chainsaws will continue to increase as more and more homeowners are using them for lawn maintenance and clean-up. In addition, with oil prices at the highest levels since the energy crises of the 1970s, many households are turning or returning to wood as an energy source. Newer EPA certified stoves which burn much cleaner than the older ones and the fact that wood is a renewable fuel with no net carbon dioxide emissions are also driving this trend. The increased demand for chainsaws, combined with falling prices for chainsaws, make their noise which was once limited to wooded rural areas, now much more common in suburbs too. Chainsaw Safety and Hearing Protection Often Forgotten Chainsaws are a remarkably powerful tool, but they come with a number of drawbacks, and noise is just one of them. A chainsaw in the hands of a careless, inexperienced, or tired operator can be very dangerous. Approximately 28,000 to 40,000 people per year require emergency treatment for injuries from using chainsaws. So we are beginning our report on chainsaw noise with a brief look at chainsaw safety and hearing health, because the best way to quiet a neighborhood is to get the people who shouldn’t be using a chainsaw in the first place not to use them. The graphic from the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) shows chainsaws can cut up flesh as well as wood. And when a moving chain meets a humanbeing, the results are not small flesh wounds. Chainsaw wounds require an average of 110 stitches. Hearing loss from chainsaws, since it does not result in a trip to the emergency room, is not reported on this graphic. Fatalities are not reported either. As you look at the graphic, remember that both hearing loss and fatalities do occur. Gas powered chainsaws measured by NPC ranged from 106 to 117 dBA at the operator’s ear. The EPA and World Health Organization recommend daily unprotected exposure to 106 decibels be less than 23 seconds; to 117 decibels, less than 2 seconds (assuming no other noise exposure for the rest of the day). Not a lot of wood can be cut in 2 seconds, or even 23 for that matter. Chainsaws have been the poster child of noise because they have been very, very loud. Electric chainsaws (excluding battery powered ones) ranged from 90 to 102 dBA at the operator’s ear. The Noise Pollution Clearinghouse recommends the use of hearing protection be used when 85 dBA is exceeded for any extended period of time. Although the electric chainsaws have significantly lower community noise levels, the short distance between the saw and the person’s ear, compared to a lawnmower, for example, where the engine is five to six feet away, makes hearing protection necessary. Fatalities from chainsaws themselves are less common than fatalities due to trees or branches striking the chainsaw operator. According to a Minnesota study “90 percent of the chainsaw deaths resulted from trees or branches falling on operators as they used a chainsaw.” Nevertheless, the scientific literature on the subject contains graphic depictions and photos of chainsaw kickback injuries to the neck, severing carotid and jugular blood vessels and resulting in fatalities. The chainsaw is actually cheap compared to the full cost of proper safety attire for chainsaw operation. The total cost of a chainsaw safety package is $350-$400 (10 times the cost of the cheapest saws we tested, twice as much as the best electric saw we tested, and equivalent to a high-end gas powered saw). One very important reason chainsaw noise is becoming more common is that people are purchasing the relatively cheap chainsaw and not the necessary safety items. No one should be operating a chainsaw, quiet or noisy, without the following. Included in the list are a number of chainsaw safety products we tested and liked: ...
Contact Information: should be at the top of your resume—include name, address, phone number, and e-mail (if you have it). Separate it out by centering it and making it bold. If you have a college address separate from a home address, use both. Jane Doe 12 Snelling Avenue St. Paul, Minnesota 55116 (651) 555-1111 email@example.com Education Education: include graduation date and GPA if it is 3.0 or higher. Highland Park Senior High, class of 2008 (3.8 GPA) Experience St. Paul Public Library—University Branch (June 2005-present) ▪ Maintained library database on checked-out materials. ▪ Coordinated volunteer program for Story Time. ▪ Organized card catalog to incorporate new materials. National Honor Society (2003-present) Participated in several volunteer activities, including: building a house for Habitat for Humanity (50 hours), collecting food for the St. Paul Food Shelf (80 hours), and organizing the Honor Society Induction Ceremony. Activities ▪ National Honor Society (2003-present) ▪ French Club (2002-present) ▪ Cross Country (2002-present) ▪ Piano lessons (10 years) Awards ▪ A Honor Roll, 8 quarters ▪ Outstanding French Student, 2004 ▪ Volunteer of the Year, 2005 References Available upon request. Formatting Experiences: (2 options) 1. Heading line (include title and dates) followed by bulleted list—see Work Experience as example. 2. Heading line (include title and date) followed by narrative list—see Volunteer Experience as example. Writing About Experiences Regardless of style, begin each phrase/sentence/ bullet with an active verb. See the examples to the left: maintained, coordinated, organized, participated…see back of page for more examples. Headings The expected headings would be: education, experience (work or volunteer), but the others are up to you. Use the ones that work best. Other possibilities: skills, additional experience, related experience, leadership experience, research experience, writing experience, computer experience, objectives, leadership, related coursework, work experience, volunteer experience, anything that fits your particular qualities. General Formatting You should have 1 inch margins, major headings (like ‘Education’) on the left, then indent with additional information below—for example, notice how National Honor Society is lined up below St. Paul Public Library. Use a traditional font (New York, Arial, just not cursive…) at 12 point size. It should all fit on one page. Remember, it needs to be easy to read—keep it simple and organized! Other things to remember: • proofread, proofread, proofread! • Check for punctuation and spelling. • Check for format and style consistency. • Show your resume to a friend. • Use resume weight paper (available in copy centers). • Pick a light, neutral color, like white or ivory. • Laser print it or have it done at the copy center. • Get matching envelopes and paper for cover letters. Action Verbs: Read the list of action verbs below, checking those skills you have demonstrated through internships, part-time or summer jobs, coursework, leadership experience, or community service. Try to incorporate some of these action verbs in the descriptions of your experiences on your resume. This is by no means an exhaustive list. originated enabled Management Skills performed encouraged Research Skills administered planned evaluated clarified analyzed revitalized explained collected assigned shaped facilitated critiqued chaired guided diagnosed consolidated Helping Skills informed evaluated contracted assessed instructed examined coordinated assisted persuaded extracted developed clarified set goals identified directed coached stimulated inspected evaluated counseled trained interpreted executed demonstrated interviewed improved diagnosed Financial Skills investigated increased educated allocated organized organized expedited analyzed reviewed oversaw facilitated appraised summarized planned familiarized audited surveyed prioritized guided balanced produced motivated budgeted Technical Skills recommended referred calculated assembled reviewed rehabilitated computed built/calculated scheduled represented developed computed strengthened forecasted designed supervised. managed devised Clerical or Detail Skills marketed engineered Communication Skills approved planned fabricated arranged arranged projected maintained authored catalogued researched operated collaborated classified overhauled convinced collected Creative Skills programmed developed compiled acted remodeled directed dispatched created repaired drafted/edited executed customized solved formulated generated designed upgraded interpreted implemented developed mediated inspected directed Teaching Skills moderated monitored established adapted negotiated operated founded advised persuaded organized illustrated clarified promoted prepared initiated coached publicized processes instituted communicated reconciled purchased integrated coordinated recruited recorded introduced demystified translated invented developed wrote ...
アイスランド南部エイヤヒャトラ氷河で発生中の火山噴火に関する、当国家警察庁国内保 安・緊急対策局発表（４月１６日付）を以下の通りお知らせします。 １．現在の噴火がいつまで継続するかは不明である。噴煙の高さは高度９㎞に達しており、 火山灰は偏西風に乗ってヨーロッパ方面に向っている。前回１８２１年に噴火した際 は、噴火が２年間続いた。 ２. 過去の火山噴火により、火山灰がレイキャビクに達したことはなく、今回の噴火で、 風向きにより火山灰がレイキャビクまで達する可能性もほとんどない。しかし、現在 の噴火地の東約３０㎞に位置するカトラ火山も噴火する可能性は否定できない。同火 山が１９１８年に噴火した際は噴煙が高度１４㎞に達しており、噴火すれば、火山灰 がレイキャビクまで達する可能性がある。その場合、居住人口の大きさから深刻な状 況も想定され、マスクを購入の上、使用しなければならない状況も考えられる。 ３. 火山周辺の住民７００～８５０人が避難している。 なお、４月１８日の時点で、火山活動はやや下火になったため、アイスランド航空及びア イスランド・エクスプレスによる運航が一部再開されました。但し、火山活動が再度活発 になる可能性は十分あるため、引き続き注意を要するとのことです。 Up-dated information about the eruption of Eyjafjallajokull was provided by the Department of Civil Protection and Emergency Management of The National Commissioner of Icelandic Police as follows. 1. It is not sure when the present eruption will be stopped. The smoke from the eruption reached 9km altitude and is moving to Europe by the prevailing westerlies. The previous eruption in 1821 continued for 2 years. 2. Volcanic ashes have never reached to Reykjavik in the past volcanic eruption and there is almost no possibility that it reaches to Reykjavik in the present eruption. But we can not deny the possibility that Katla volcano, 30km east from the Eyjafall clacier could start eruption. When the Katla has eruption in 1918 the somke reached 14km altitude and there is possibility that ashed could reach to Reykjavik if it activates. In the case that ashes reach to Reykjavik, there is possibility that serious situation chould be occured because of its large population and inhabitants have to buy masks to protect their health. 3. At the present, 700-850 inhabitants in the area around eruption take refuge. Activity of the eruption reduced in Apr.18 and intenational flights by Iceland Air and Iceland Express started partially. But it is possible that the activity of the eruption could be activated again and careful attention should be maintained.
アイスランド火山噴火災害に関する講演会 逐次通訳付き 講師 ヨナス・エリアソン アイスランド大学教授・京都大学防災研究所客員教授 日時・場所 2013 年 11 月 27 日（水）13:30－16:30（会場：13:00） 京都大学東京オフィス（品川） 主催 京都大学防災研究所 防災公共政策（国土技術研究センター）研究分野 ヨナス・エリアソン教授は、火山国アイスランドにて火山噴火の総合防災研究に携わって きました。アイスランドで最も危険な火山と呼ばれるカトラ火山噴火への対応計画策定の アドバイザーを務めると共に、北欧州の航空を数週間麻痺させた 2011 年エイヤフィヤトラ ヨークトル火山噴火時に火山灰の航空機観測を行い、観測に基づく噴煙の拡散のより正確 な予測手法を開発しています。その成果は、2011 年グリムスヴォトン火山噴火時の航空規 制にも生かされました。 本講演会では、 日本の大規模火山災害への対応の参考とするため、 アイスランドでの事例と最新に研究成果の２トピックスを紹介していただきます。 参加：無料、定員：50 名 当日参加可 事前登録：11 月 25 日までに、下記連絡先に氏名・所属を連絡 連絡先：吉谷純一・工藤由佳 Phone：0774-38-4659 E-mail：firstname.lastname@example.org Jónas Elíasson 教授略歴 Technial University of Denmark, Teaching Assistant and Research Engineer. 1962 - 1964 Harbour and Lighthouse Administration of Iceland, Sec. Eng. 1965 Head of Hydraulic Laboratory, National Energy Authority, 1966 - 1969 and 1974 – 1985 Associate professor, Technical University of Denmark 1970 – 1973 Visiting Scholar, Stanford University, 1984. Assistant Minister of Industry, 1985-1987 Visiting Scholar, University of Washington Seattle, 1994. Visiting Scholar, Technical University of Denmark, 1995. Visiting Scholar, University of California, Santa Barbara 2006. Visiting Professor, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 2012, 2013 講演概要 (1) Civil protection measures in response to volcanic threats, an Icelandic example To meet the threats of volcanic eruptions to the general public, preparedness is maintained as necessary by Civil Protection Authorities by integrated emergency plans that can be activated in stages. Examples from the emergency plan for the Katla volcano in Iceland is presented together with specific dangers occurring in Iceland as sub glacial eruptions and mega floods, ash falls and traffic disturbances, especially in aviation. (2) Airborne measurements of volcanic ash in disaster prevention research Predictions of volcanic ash clouds need to be accurate and the Eyjafjallajökull disaster proved to the world the vulnerability of the international civil aviation system against predicting volcanic ash clouds too big. Airborne measurements can be used to track the position and concentrations of volcanic ash clouds and estimate their mass. DPRI has been active in airborne measurements of volcanic ash around Sakurajima working together with University of Icelandic and University of Düsseldorf Germany. Airborne measurements provide reliable information on concentration of volcanic ash in the air. It can be used to check models for dispersion of ash, compare with simulations, develop plume dynamics and provide aerosol data for ambient air. Several fields have been identified where old methods need improvement. The data are made available to other scientists such as meteorological and public health researchers.
注意 この日本語訳は 2010 年 5 月 10 日 SAF(The Icelandic travel Industry Association)がウェブサイト上で公開さ れた英文を訳したものです。アイスランドの日本人旅行者への安全のために訳されました。 Notice This Japanese translation is made for safety to who travel in Iceland. Original document is on web-site of www.saf.is アイスランドの火山噴火 www.iceland.is エイヤフャトラ氷河(Eyjafjallajökull/Eyjafjalla glacier)の火山噴火に伴い、たくさんの質問が起きています。アイスランドや空の旅へ の影響は。アイスランドでの旅行者の安全は。私達はこの文書で皆様がお持ちの質問にお答えでしたいと願っています。さらなる情報 を必要とされる場合は www.iceland.is または www.visiticeland.com をオンラインでご自由にご利用して頂けます。 アイスランド国内で旅行者は安全で保護されています。 これまで、またはそれ以上に同じような活動を楽しむことができます。 私達について (Who are we?) アイスランド人は自然の力に合わせて生活することを会得した国民で回復力があります。アイスランドが火山島(向き合っていくしか ありません)であることが、天然温泉、ガイザー(間欠泉)や他の国で見られないような地形も造り出し、魅力的なものにしています。 アイスランドの The civil protection and emergency management authority はいつも準備、監視、装備をし、噴火地点の管理を しています。いかなる災害に対しても安全への第一歩は準備です。これには危険またはその結果を理解し行動計画を立てることが含ま れています。 Eyjafjallajökull のアイスランド語での発音は エイヤフャットラヨークッキです。 (一部ではエイヤフャトラヨークトルとも発音されています。Jökull はアイスランド語で氷河を表す単語です) 噴火の規模は (How big is the eruption?) 火山噴火は最初の数日間からすれば 10 分の 1 程度にまで減少しています。火山灰の噴煙を除けば噴火地点近郊以外に火山による影 響はありません。 南アイスランドはそれほど人の多くない地域です。 溶岩は火山の北側へ流れていますが歩との住んでいない地域です。 どのような影響がありますか (What effect does it have?) アイスランドの日常生活は平常通り営まれています。仕事(ビジネス)も続けられ、社会機能も平常通り機能しています。これまでと 同じようにアイスラド滞在中には観光や活動することがたくさんあります。 安全ですか (Is it safe?) アイスランドの火山噴火でケガや事故に遭遇することは極めてまれなことで、火山噴火でそのようなことは起きていません。 Eyjafjallajökull の火山は南アイスランドに位置しており、この島のごく小さな一部です。人に脅威を与えることはありません。 飛行機で行くことができますか (Can I fly?) Eyjafjallajökull の火山噴火の最初の数日間は極めて大量の火山灰が大気に放出され、大陸を超えて航空交通に深刻な問題をもたらし ました。現在、噴火は当初に比べて小さくなっており、航空交通に混乱を起こす危険性も少なくなっています。 アイスランドの全ての国際空港は運用されています。予防策として搭乗者は旅行業のウェブサイトで発着状況を確認するように勧め られています。火山灰が航空交通に影響を与えたとしてもアイスランドには 4 つの国際空港があり、一つの空港が閉鎖されたとしても 他の空港が代替運用されます。
Notification of Vaccination Letter Template Dear doctor or nurse at : Patient’s primary care clinic We recently provided vaccination services to one of your patients. We want to make certain that you have information about the vaccines we administered so you can update your patient’s medical record. Please contact us if you have any questions about this information. We provided the patient (or parent) with a written record of the vaccination(s) given. We entered information about the vaccine(s) we administered in the regional immunization information system. Patient’s name: Patient’s birthdate: (For a child, parent’s name: Parent’s birthdate: The vaccine(s) we administered on Date ) is/are checked below. Vaccines G Hepatitis B (Engerix-B; Recombivax HB) Dose (circle one): 0.5 mL 1.0 mL G (Polio) IPV G MMR G DTaP (age 6 yrs and younger) G Varicella (Varivax) G DTaP-HepB-IPV (Pediarix) G MMRV (ProQuad) G DTaP-IPV (Kinrix) G Hepatitis A (Havrix; Vaqta) Dose (circle one): 0.5 mL 1.0 mL G DTaP-IPV/Hib (Pentacel) G HepA-HepB (Twinrix) G (through age 6 yrs) DT Human papillomavirus (HPV) G HPV2 (Cervarix) G HPV4 (Gardasil) G Tdap (age 7 yrs and older) G (age 7 yrs and older) Td Hib (monovalent) G ActHIB G Hiberix G PedvaxHIB Meningococcal conjugate (MCV4) G MCV4-D (Menactra) G MCV4-CRM (Menveo) G Meningococcal polysaccharide (MPSV4) G Hib-HepB (Comvax) G Hib-MenCY (MenHibrix) G Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV13) G Pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPSV23) G Influenza: Brand Dose (mL) Route G Zoster (shingles) (Zostavax) Rotavirus G RV1 (Rotarix) G RV5 (RotaTeq) G Other Name of clinic providing services Address City, State, Zip Contact person Email address Phone number Technical content reviewed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Immunization Action Coalition St. Paul, Minnesota • 651- 647- 9009 • www.vaccineinformation.org • www.immunize.org www.immunize.org/catg.d/p3060.pdf • Item #P3060 (2/14)
By Colin Morgan‐Cross and Marieka Klawitter, Evans School of Public Affairs, University of Washington Payday lending has become one of the most widely used forms of short‐term credit: an estimated 19 million households, or 5% of the U.S. population, borrowed approximately $50 million in payday loans in 2007.1 In the last several years, payday lending has received significant scrutiny because of evidence that some borrowers become trapped in debt cycles that far outlast the term of the original loan, incurring additional fees at high interest rates. In response, states have taken a wide variety of approaches to limit predatory lending and regulate the payday loan industry. This brief categorizes current regulations of short‐term (payday) lending, examines studies of the potential effects of implementing fee and interest rate ceilings on payday loans, and identifies possible alternatives to high‐cost, short‐term credit. It focuses on the following question: What happens to borrowers who rely on payday loans when access to expensive, short‐term credit is restricted? Seventeen states and the District of Columbia prohibit short‐term loans at interest rates higher than 36% APR. Twenty‐seven states have implemented interest rate and fee limits above 36% and capped maximum loan amounts, but six states do not regulate interest rates or fees for payday loans. The supply of payday loans significantly decreases when rates are capped at 36% or less. Few financially attractive alternatives to payday lending currently exist in the marketplace— without access to payday loans, consumers likely use overdrafts, pawnshop loans, and late bill payment to cover short run credit needs. Household financial security does not necessarily improve after payday lending is prohibited through rate and fee ceilings of less than 36%. Aside from rate and fee ceilings, several policies can be used to regulate the payday loan industry, including mandating fee disclosures, longer loan terms, installment repayment plans, and restricting terms of debt per year. Of the Northwest Area Foundation States, Oregon and Montana have the lowest interest rate caps for payday loans, at 36%. Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Washington have implemented a variety of regulations, but each cap interest rates between 390%–520% on a $100 loan. Idaho and South Dakota have implemented no limits on interest rates or fees.
BRAND PROMISE, REVISED GRAPHICS AND TAGLINE Target Audience: General visitors, defined as adult caregivers, who will bring children to the Museum two or more times per year. • General Visitors are the primary source of trial, earned income and memberships. • Other important audiences for the Museum include donors (and other adult stakeholders) and educators. Customer Insight: “I want to unlock my child’s potential at every stage of his/her learning.” Brand Essence: Playology, Greenhouse, Fun • Playology: This concept links two key elements of the Museum—play and learning. In other words, the science of play. The dictionary defines play as “to occupy oneself in amusement, sport or other recreation.” Ology is science, theory or study of a specific topic. In our case “ology” refers to the science, theory or knowledge of play. Playology is what we are. It is embodied in our playologists, the people who bring play and learning to our customers. • Greenhouse: This concept speaks both to a place and to childhood development. The Museum is a place for children to grow, an out-of-home (and out-of-school) place to be nurtured. Greenhouse is about the Museum’s contribution to the development and growth of children. • Fun: This is what the Museum is, at least for the kids. Why would kids want to come to a place that is not fun? The Museum is a place with activities, events, and exhibits that are fun. Of course, kids can have fun in so many places, and the Museum is a place where fun and learning happen side by side. Key Competitors: • Science Museum of Minnesota: Actively discover the world of science around you. • Minnesota Zoo: Connects you to animals and the natural world. • Nickelodeon Universe at MOA: Provides a world of fun for the entire family.
For information on reprint requests of more than 101 and commercial reprints contact: Authors: Philip E. Cryer, Lloyd Axelrod, Ashley B. Grossman, Simon R. Heller, Victor M. Montori, Elizabeth R. Seaquist, and F. John Service Co-sponsoring Associations: American Diabetes Association, European Association for the Study of Diabetes, and European Society of Endocrinology Affiliations: Washington University School of Medicine (P.E.C.), St. Louis, Missouri; Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School (L.A.), Boston, Massachusetts; Barts and the London School of Medicine, Queen Mary University of London (A.B.G.), London, United Kingdom; University of Sheffield (S.R.H.), Sheffield, United Kingdom; University of Minnesota (E.R.S.), Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Mayo Clinic (V.M.M., F.J.S.), Rochester, Minnesota Disclaimer Statement: Clinical Practice Guidelines are developed to be of assistance to endocrinologists by providing guidance and recommendations for particular areas of practice. The Guidelines should not be considered inclusive of all proper approaches or methods, or exclusive of others. The Guidelines cannot guarantee any specific outcome, nor do they establish a standard of care. The Guidelines are not intended to dictate the treatment of a particular patient. Treatment decisions must be made based on the independent judgment of health care providers and each patient’s individual circumstances. The Endocrine Society makes no warranty, express or implied, regarding the Guidelines and specifically excludes any warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular use or purpose. The Society shall not be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages related to the use of the information contained herein. Evidence-based reviews for this guideline were prepared under contract with The Endocrine Society. Menna Burgess Reprint Sales Specialist Cadmus Professional Communications Phone: Fax: Email: 410.819.3960 410.684.2789 reprints2@ cadmus.com
Managing Cystic FibrosisRelated Diabetes “(CFRD)” An Instruction Guide for Patients and Families 4th Edition Carol Brunzell, R.D., C.D.E., L.D. Dana S. Hardin, M.D. Antoinette Moran, M.D. Terri Schindler, R.D., M.S. Kathleen Schissel, R.D., L.D. Managing Cystic Fibrosis–Related Diabetes (CFRD) n Managing Cystic Fibrosis–Related Diabetes “(CFRD)” An Instruction Guide for Patients and Families 4th Edition CAROL BRUNZELL, R.D., C.D.E., L.D. University of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview Minneapolis, Minnesota DANA S. HARDIN, M.D. Ohio State University Children’s Hospital of Columbus Columbus, Ohio ANTOINETTE MORAN, M.D. University of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview Minneapolis, Minnesota TERRI SCHINDLER, R.D., M.S. University Hospitals Case Medical Center Cleveland, Ohio Kathleen Schissel, R.D., L.D. University of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview Minneapolis, Minnesota Copyright 2008 Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Address Content-Oriented Correspondence to: Dana S. Hardin, M.D. Division Chief of Pediatric Endocrinology Children’s Hospital of Columbus and The Ohio State University 700 Children’s Drive ED 543 Columbus, Ohio 43205-2696 email@example.com Address All Other Correspondence to: Cystic Fibrosis Foundation 6931 Arlington Road Bethesda, Maryland 20814 (800) FIGHT CF firstname.lastname@example.org Table of Contents Introduction _________________________________________________________________ 5 Chapter 1 Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes (CFRD)_____________________________ 7 Diabetes Non-CF Diabetes CFRD Causes CFRD Symptoms Chapter 2 How We Diagnose CFRD_ _________________________________________ 9 _ Tests Used to Diagnose CFRD Chapter 3 Treating CFRD___________________________________________________ 11 Insulin Insulin Types Insulin Treatment Insulin Syringes and Needles Oral Agents (Diabetes Pills) Chapter 4 Blood Sugar Testing_ ____________________________________________ 19 _ When to Check Blood Sugar How to Check Blood Sugar Blood Sugar Testing Results Summary Chapter 5 How We Manage CFRD __________________________________________ 23 ...