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ujian diagnostik diabetes

PENJELASAN TEKNIS PELAKSANAAN UJIAN SNMPTN 2008

PENTING !!!.. a. Lokasi Ujian dibagi dalam : Sektor dan Lokasi (SAINTEK/SOSHUM/CAMPURAN) b. ATK untuk keperluan Lokasi Ujian dikirim pada tanggal 12 dan 13 Juni 2013; c. Dokumen Naskah Soal Ujian (NSU); Lembar Jawab Ujian (LJU) ; Berita Acara dan Album Bukti Hadir Peserta mulai dikirim jam 05.30 WIB dari Sekretariat Panlok UNS Kampus Kenthingan. • Penanggung Jawab Lokasi • Sekretaris • Bendahara • Anggota • Pengawas • Penata Tempat/Ruang • Keamanan 1. PETUGAS PELAKSANA UJIAN DI LOKASI. Pelaksanaan Ujian Tulis dibagi dalam 3 (tiga) Tahap : a. Sebelum Ujian, meliputi kegiatan : 1). Pemeriksanaan Ruang Ujian; 2). Penerimaan Naskah Soal Ujian (NSU), Lembar Jawab Ujian (LJU) dan kelengkapannya; 3). Verifikasi dokumen peserta; 4). Pembagian LJU dan NSU. b. Pada saat ujian, meliputi kegiatan: 1). Pemeriksanaan kelengkapan NSU; 2). Pengisian Berita Acara ( BA.U.1 dan BA.U.2); 3). Pengawasan Ujian; 4). Melakukan presensi peserta. c. Pada waktu selesai ujian, meliputi kegiatan: Pengelolaan dan Penyerahan LJU dan berkas lainnya. 2. Hal-hal yang harus disiapkan Panitia Ujian Setempat. • Kesiapan ruang: • Berkapasitas 20 orang atau kelipatannya; • Berpenerangan dan sirkulasi udara yang baik; • Ketersediaan meja dan kursi; • Jarak antarkursi 80 cm kesamping dan 60 cm ke depan/belakang; • Lay out ruang tidak boleh dalam bentuk teater;

snmptn-2010_ipa_kodesoal_526
by top markotop 0 Comments favorite 30 Viewed Download 0 Times

1. Sebelum mengerjakan soal, Anda diminta untuk meneliti kelengkapan nomor dalam berkas soal ini. Tes Bidang Studi IPA ini terdiri atas 60 soal dari 4 bidang ilmu, yaitu Matematika 15 soal, Fisika 15 soal, Kimia 15 soal, dan Biologi 15 soal. 2. Bacalah dengan cermat aturan dan tata cara menjawab setiap tipe soal! 3. Tulislah jawaban Anda pada lembar jawaban ujian yang tersedia sesuai dengan petunjuk yang diberikan! 4. Anda dapat menggunakan bagian yang kosong dalam berkas soal untuk keperluan corat-coret. Jangan menggunakan lembar jawaban ujian untuk keperluan corat-coret. 5. Selama ujian berlangsung, Anda tidak diperkenan­ kan menggunakan alat hitung dalam segala bentuk. 6. Selama ujian berlangsung, Anda tidak dlperkenan­ kan menggunakan alat komunikasi dalam segala bentuk. 7. Selama ujian berlangsung, Anda tidak diperkenan­ kan untuk bertanya atau meminta penjelasan kepada siapa pun tentang soal-soal ujian, termasuk kepada pengawas ujian. 8. Selama ujian berlangsung, Anda tidak diperkenan­ kan keluar-masuk ruang ujian. 9. Waktu ujian yang disediakan adalah 90 menit. 10. Harap diperhatikan agar lembar jawaban ujian tidak kotor, tidak terlipat, tidak basah, dan tidak robek. 11. Setelah ujian selesai, Anda diminta tetap dud uk sampai pengawas selesai mengumpulkan lembar jawaban ujian. Anda dipersilahkan keluar ruang setelah mendapat isyarat dari pangawas untuk meninggalkan ruang. 12.Jawaban yang benar diberi skor +4, jawaban kosong diberi skor 0, dan jawaban yang salah diberi skor -1. 13.Penilaian didasarkan atas perolehan skor pada setiap bidang ilmu. Oleh sebab itu, Anda jangan hanya menekankan pad a bidang ilmu tertentu (tidak ada bidang ilmu yang diabaikan). 14.Kode naskah ini: [

Radiation Oncology and Advancements in Cancer Analysis

As healthcare breakthroughs are discovered just about every day and preventions, cures and treatment options turn out to be readily available for hundreds of diseases, new york prostate oncologist the quantity two lead to of death for men and women inside the United states behind heart disease.This does not imply that cancer investigation is void of main breakthroughs or that it's not coming along as quickly as advancements in other fields. It merely indicates that though new therapy technologies, for instance radiation therapy are becoming created and researched, they may be not becoming achieved at the very same rate as diabetes, influenza, and cardiovascular illness remedy and preventions.

chronic abdominal wall pain - UNC School of Medicine

Chronic abdominal wall pain (CAWP) refers to the pain originating from the abdominal wall which is often misdiagnosed as arising from a source inside the abdominal cavity, often resulting in inappropriate diagnostic investigations, unsatisfactory treatment, and considerable costs. In spite of being implicated in as many as 10% of patients with chronic abdominal pain of unknown cause seen by gastroenterologists, this condition has received little research and clinical attention (1). Thompson et al estimated that about 1% of all referrals for chronic abdominal pain made to a general surgeon were eventually considered to be CAWP (2). In a study of patient referrals to gastroenterologists over a 5-year period, Costanza et al showed that CAWP comprised 7.8% (133 of 1708) patients referred with abdominal pain. Referring physicians were able to suspect CAWP in only 3% of their patients, which suggests the relative unawareness of this condition (3). By contrast, physicians aware of this condition have reported seeing between one to two such patients in a week to three per day (4). Even in 1926, when Carnett first described the examination process to differentiate pain of abdominal wall origin from intra abdominal pain, he commented on CAWP being a frequently missed diagnosis (5). What is within the abdominal wall? The most important cause of CAWP is entrapment of a branch (anterior cutaneous) of one of the lower thoracic (T 7-T 12) intercostal (rib cage) nerves in its tortuous course through the abdominal wall muscle. After turning at a 90º angle, the nerve passes from the posterior sheath of the abdominal wall muscle (rectus abdominis) through a fibrous opening and then branches at right angles while passing through its anterior sheath. It has been thought that the underlying problem is nerve compression with resulting ischemia or lack of blood supply, explained by the nerve's course through the muscle. Applegate termed the condition as "anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome" and suggested the entrapped nerve may also be pushed by intra- or extra-abdominal pressure or pulled by a scar causing pain in the abdominal wall (6). Other diseases affecting the nerves such as diabetes, herpes zoster, trauma, and rarely cancer may also cause symptoms of CAWP (1). Occasionally abdominal wall hematomas (blood filled collections), hernias and painful rib ("slipped rib") may account for abdominal wall pain (7). How is abdominal wall pain diagnosed? CAWP is most commonly diagnosed on the basis of a patient's history and a physical examination. CAWP more commonly involves right side of the abdomen and may be at or close to an old surgical scar or, in the absence of a scar, it is frequently at the outer edge of the abdominal muscle (rectus abdominis). The pain experienced is usually sharp and there is often extreme tenderness upon gentle stroking or pinching in that area of the skin. The patient may guard the area from light touch, sometimes by seizing the examiner's hand. The pain may extend backwards and up to the vertebral body if its origin is related to nerve root in the spinal cord. An important finding is that...

Don't Take a Chance With a Heart Attack: Know the Facts and Act Fast

One evening I felt pressure in my chest and tingling down both arms. I just didn’t think I could be having a heart attack. I didn’t expect it to happen to me. The next morning, I still had a strange sensation in my chest. I called the doctor and was sent to the hospital. Considering how many first heart attacks are fatal, I was lucky to be alive the following morning to seek medical help. ” Ann Steigler’s Story M ore than 1 million people in the United States have heart attacks each year. Many of them don’t act quickly enough to make it to the hospital on time for help. When a heart attack happens, delay in treatment can be deadly. Learn the warning symptoms of a heart attack, and know the single most important thing you can do to save a life: call 9–1–1 immediately for emergency medical care. What Is a Heart Attack and Who Is At Risk? A heart attack happens when blood flow to the heart suddenly becomes blocked and the heart can’t get oxygen. If not treated quickly, the heart muscle fails to pump and begins to die. Heart attacks most often occur as a result of coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease. Certain risk factors make it more likely that you will develop CHD and Of the people who die from heart attacks, about half die within an hour of their first symptoms and before they reach the hospital. have a heart attack. Major risk factors for a heart attack that you can control include smoking, overweight and obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, an unhealthy diet, and lack of physical activity. Risk factors that you can’t control include a family history of early heart disease and increasing age. Talk to your health care provider to find out whether you are at risk for a heart attack. 1 Know the Symptoms of a Heart Attack Many people aren’t sure what’s wrong when they are having symptoms of a heart attack. Some of the most common warning symptoms of a heart attack for men and women are: ◆◆ Chest pain or discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center or left side of the chest. The discomfort usually lasts for more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back. It can feel like pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain. It also can feel like heartburn or indigestion. ◆◆ Upper body discomfort. You may feel pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, shoulders, neck, jaw, or upper part of the stomach (above the belly button)....

HEART ATTACK What are the symptoms? Did you know that men ...

What are the symptoms? Did you know that men and women often experience different symptoms? MEN….. often, but not always, experience the classic warning signs of a heart attack: •Pressure, fullness, squeezing or pain in the center of the chest that goes away and comes back • •Pain that spreads to the shoulders, neck or arms STROKE What are the symptoms? •Face is uneven •One Arm drifts down •Speech coming out strangely •Then it's Time to call 911 Call 9-1-1 at any sign of stroke ACT FAST - Time is Brain • •Chest discomfort with lightheadedness, fainting, sweating, nausea, or shortness of breath • Trigger: Men most often report physical exertion prior to heart attacks. WOMEN….. may experience the classic symptoms, but they are often milder. Women may also have other symptoms like: •Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing • •Nausea, vomiting or dizziness • •Back or jaw pain • •Unexplained anxiety, weakness or fatigue Stroke is a medical emergency. Another way of looking for warning signs of stroke is to look for: •Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body •Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding •Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes •Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination •Sudden, severe headache with no known cause • •Palpitations, cold sweats or paleness • •Mild, flu-like symptoms Trigger: Women most often report emotional stress prior to heart attacks. What is a heart attack? A heart attack occurs when a vessel supplying the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients becomes completely blocked. This blocks the supply of blood to the heart muscle. That part of the muscle will begin to die if the individual does not immediately seek medical attention. Call 9-1-1 for any signs of a heart attack What causes it? (Risk Factors) Uncontrollable: Age, gender and family history Controllable: Tobacco use, high cholesterol, hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, overweight, diabetes and stress What is a stroke? A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it starts to die. What causes it? (Risk Factors) •Hypertension •Previous stroke •Heart disease •Diabetes •Tobacco use •Irregular heart beat (Atrial Fibrillation) •Obesity •High cholesterol •Heavy alcohol use...

CDC Heart Attack Fact Sheet - Centers for Disease Control and ...

A heart attack happens when the blood supply to the heart is cut off. Cells in the heart muscle that do not receive enough oxygen-carrying blood begin to die. The more time that passes without treatment to restore blood flow, the greater the damage to the heart. Every year about 715,000 Americans have a heart attack. Of these, 525,000 are a first heart attack and 190,000 happen in people who have already had a heart attack.1 About 15% of people who have a heart attack will die from it.1 Almost half of sudden cardiac deaths happen outside a hospital.2 Having high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol, smoking, having had a previous heart attack or stroke, or having diabetes can increase your chance of developing heart disease and having a heart attack. It is important to recognize the signs of a heart attack and to act immediately by calling 911. A person's chance of surviving a heart attack increases if emergency treatment is administered as soon as possible. Symptoms of a Heart Attack The National Heart Attack Alert Program notes these major signs of a heart attack: Chest pain or discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center or left side of the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes, or that goes away and comes back. The discomfort can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain. Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. Can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach. Shortness of breath. Often comes along with chest discomfort. But it also can occur before chest discomfort. Other symptoms. May include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea, or lightheadedness. If you think that you or someone you know is having a heart attack, you should call 911 immediately. CDC's Public Health Efforts Million Hearts™ Million Hearts™ is a national, public-private initiative of the Department of Health and Human Services to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017. Co-led by CDC and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, the initiative brings together communities, health care professionals, health systems, nonprofit organizations, federal agencies, and private-sector partners to improve care and empower Americans to make heart-healthy choices....

EHAC Course - Deputy Heart Attack
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The Deputy Heart Attack Program & Early Heart Attack Care (EHAC) Education The Deputy Heart Attack program disseminates Early Heart Attack Care (EHAC) education. The Deputy Heart Attack program garners its name from earlier days when the sheriff would deputize every citizen in order to protect the town from imminent danger. By participating in this program, participants become “deputies” who learn the early heart attack symptoms and provide immediate medical care in order to prevent a death or serious heart damage. The History: The Deputy Heart Attack Program and Early Heart Attack Care education was created by a cardiologist - Dr. Raymond Bahr. Although he was not a cardiologist at the time, Dr. Bahr’s life was forever changed when he did not recognize the signs in a friend who died from a heart attack. From that point on, Dr. Bahr made it his mission to prevent unnecessary deaths by becoming a cardiologist and dedicating his life to educating people on the early symptoms. The Deputy Heart Attack Symbols: Deputy Heart Attack uses two badges that are given to deputies. The first badge, “Heart Attacks Have Beginnings,” is worn after a new deputy takes the course and the pledge. The second badge is known as the “Good Samaritan” or “Buddy Badge.” The imagery depicts one person helping another into a chest pain center. This is symbolic of someone who sees the early signs and becomes an empowered bystander versus a heart attack enabler who will ignore the signs. The Message: Our message is simple - like other diseases and illnesses (cancer, diabetes, etc), there are early symptoms of a heart attack that are apparent long before a massive event occurs. Early detection is vital to prevent death or severe heart damage. Use the Early Heart Attack Care (EHAC) education to help reduce the annual death rate of approximately 800,000 people. Will you help us spread the message? y Hear A ack tty Heartt Attttack Depu Depu...

U.S. Pet (Dog and Cat) Population Fact Sheet - American Humane ...

Number of AKC recognized breeds in 2012: 175 Number of United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized breeds in 2012: over 300 Breed trends – The Labrador retriever has topped the AKC list for dog registration statistics for the past decade. Breeds that have grown in popularity from 2001 to 2011 include some of the smaller breeds (e.g., Beagle, Yorkshire terrier, French bulldog, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel). Purebred dog registration has declined in the past decade with “designer dogs” becoming more popular (e.g., Cocker Pug, Labradoodle, Cockapoo, etc.). Pitbull-type dogs have also increased in popularity over the past decade. Genetic test kits are now available to determine the breed makeup of a dog. Most popular type of dog – Mixed breed dog (53 percent of all U.S. dogs) Source of pet dogs – Family/friends (38%), Shelter/Rescue Organization (22%), Breeder (16%) – American Humane Association survey (2012) Other types of dogs Military Working Dogs (MWD) – Internet sources report that there are on average about 3,000 MWD on active duty MWD in all branches of the military. About 300 to 350 MWDs retire each year. The Department of Defense, however, does not release the exact number of dogs for national security reasons, thus numbers are estimates. Service Dogs – There are approximately 20,000 service dogs in the U.S., which includes 10,000 guide dogs • A service animal is any dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks that benefit an individual with a disability • Americans with Disabilities Act 1990, Title III 2010 Revised Regulations-36.104, allows service animals public access • There is a provision for miniature horses who meet certain requirements to be allowed • The ADA protects the rights of people with disabilities to be accompanied by their service animals. Service animals may be identified as “assistance animal/dog,” “support animal/dog,” or “helper dog” Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) Dogs Therapy dogs and their handlers are trained to provide specific human populations with comfort, distraction and motivation in order to improve the client’s health and well-being. These dogs are the personal pets of the handlers and accompany their handlers to the sites they visit, such as hospitals, schools, and nursing homes. Animals must meet specific criteria for health, grooming and behavior. While managed by their handlers, their work during AAT is not handler-focused and instead provides benefits to others. Search and Rescue, Drug Enforcement Agency dogs, and others There are many dogs working each day on our behalf. Some dogs detect explosives at airports, some are trained to detect cancer, and some search for lost children. American Humane Association holds an annual Hero Dog event celebrating these amazing heroes. Pet Health – Morbidity and Mortality Trends Obesity – Obesity is considered an “epidemic” for dogs, cats and people. 56% of dogs, 54% of cats, and 69% of humans (adults over the age years of 20 years) in U.S. were considered overweight or obese in 2011. Diabetes – Diabetes is reported to be increasing in both dogs (up 32%) and cats (up 16%) since 2006 [Banfield hospital data – 800 hospitals] Common health problems seen in dogs at veterinary clinics – dental disease, ear infections, allergies, skins infections/growths, vomiting/diarrhea, arthritis, bladder infections, bruises/contusions, hypothyroidism. Some pet insurance companies also provide data on health issues most likely to affect a specific breed Regional diseases – Some diseases are more common in certain geographic locations; examples: Southern states – Heartworm disease, flea and tick infestation Southwest – Valley Fever Cancer – Cancer is the #1 cause of death in dogs over the age of two years • One in two dogs will acquire cancer; one in four will die from cancer ...

Market Outlook - Packaged Facts
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From 2010 to 2012, dog ownership rose from 37 percent of U.S. households to 39 percent, according to Experian Simmons. Yet, while the U.S. dog population may be growing, it’s also getting smaller. Size-wise, U.S. pet owners are increasingly favoring smaller dogs, whose share of dog-owning households rose from 41 percent in 2000 to 47 percent in 2010, according to American Pet Products Association APPA National Pet Owners Surveys. For the first time in 2010, there were as many households in the United States with small dogs as there were with large dogs, and far fewer medium dog households. Also spotlighting the small dog trend is Banfield Pet Hospital’s State of Pet Health 2011 Report, Volume 1. According to the report, smaller dogs have shown a marked increase in popularity during the past ten years in terms of hospital visits, with Chihuahuas up 116 percent and Shih Tzus up 87 percent, while larger breeds including Labrador Retrievers and German Shepherds have declined. During 2010, Banfield added three new breeds to its list of dog breeds most commonly cared for: Standard Poodle, and two small breeds—Yorkshire Terrier and Maltese. The shift to smaller dogs looks set to continue, with the aging human population as a key driver. For older pet owners, smaller dogs can be much easier to manage, being lighter to lift and requiring less outdoor time. As living situations change, smaller pets are more easily admissible to apartments and assisted living communities. Also favoring the smaller dog shift are preferences among younger pet owners, along with increased urbanization and apartment/condo ownership. In addition, for pet owners young and old, smaller dogs are easier to travel with and care for in vacation environments. The movement to smaller dogs could have numerous ramifications for the U.S. pet market. According to Banfield, the trend could alter the veterinary focus, since large breed dogs are more prone to arthritis, hip dysplasia, and twisted stomachs, while small breed dogs are more prone to diabetes mellitus, periodontal disease, and dislocated kneecaps. Since smaller dogs eat less, pet food marketers may find it even harder to buck up volume sales, theorizes Packaged Facts. At the same time, size- and breed-specific offerings should help to pick up any dollar slack as brands like Royal Canin and Kong further segment with premium products for extra small dogs.

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