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ujian diagnostik diabetes

Combining Diabetes and Gluten-Free Dietary Management Guidelines

The association of celiac disease and type 1 diabetes is well documented in the literature. Type 1 diabetes, celiac and thyroid diseases are a triad of autoimmune conditions with a significant co-morbidity. However, very little is written about the management of celiac disease and type 1 diabetes and clear guidelines are not available. This article reviews nutrition recommendations for diabetes management by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) for healthy meal planning, carbohydrate counting, and potential use of glycemic index/glycemic load, as well as practical tips and suggestions for transitioning to a gluten-free, diabetes meal plan.... he prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (type 1) is estimated to be between 5%–10% (1–3) and as such, patients with type 1 should be screened routinely for CD. Diabetes (DM) and CD, in conjunction with a number of other conditions including autoimmune thyroid diseases, can be associated with a significant incidence of co-mor-...

Gestational Diabetes and Pregnancy - Centers for Disease Control ...

Diabetes and Pregnancy Gestational Diabetes U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention What is gestational diabetes? Gestational (jes-stay-shuh-nal) diabetes is diabetes that a woman can develop during pregnancy. When you have diabetes, your body cannot use the sugars and starches (carbohydrates) it takes in as food to make energy. As a result, your body collects extra sugar in your blood. We don’t know all the causes of gestational diabetes. Some—but not all—women with gestational diabetes are overweight before getting pregnant or have diabetes in the family. From 1 in 50 to 1 in 20 pregnant women has gestational diabetes. It is more common in Native American, Alaskan Native, Hispanic, Asian, and Black women, but it is found in White women, too. Gestational diabetes can be controlled. Work with your doctor to make a plan to keep your blood sugar in control. (See pages 7 and 8 for upper and lower levels.) Following this plan can help you have a healthy pregnancy and baby. It also can help you and your baby stay healthy after...

Pre-Diabetes Recommendations
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NUTRITION AND LIFESTYLE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PEOPLE WITH PRE-DIABETES Pre-diabetes is determined by your fasting blood glucose (“blood sugar”) level: Normal fasting glucose 70 – 100 mg/dl Pre-Diabetes (impaired fasting glucose) 101 – 125 mg/dl Diabetes 126 mg/dl or higher on 2 occasions Here are some tips on how to keep pre-diabetes from turning into diabetes: 1) Include daily physical activity: Because muscles use sugar/glucose for energy, activities like walking, bicycling and gardening help to lower your blood glucose. Aim for 30 to 60 minutes or more per day. 2) Lose weight if you are overweight: Extra body fat contributes to “insulin resistance” and pre-diabetes. Look for areas in which you can cut your calorie intake by 250 to 500 hundred calories per day. For example, you can: • Reduce your portion sizes. • Reduce your intake of high carbohydrate foods such as cookies, other desserts, bread, pasta, tortillas, rice, crackers, pretzels and chips. • Choose calorie-free beverages in place of regular sodas, fruit juices,

Food Management and Diabetes
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Food Management and Diabetes Food Management and Diabetes TEACHING OBJECTIVES: 1. Present the principles of food management related to diabetes. 2. Explain the significance of carbohydrates (carbs) in diabetes management. 3. Discuss types of meal planning approaches including carb counting. H. Peter Chase, MD Gail Spiegel, MS, RD, CDE Food (mainly carbohydrate [“carb”]) is one of the major influences on blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. As discussed in Chapter 2, the body (particularly the liver) also makes sugar (internal sugar), which adds to the blood sugar. Other sugars (external sugars) come from the food we eat. Recommendations for the use of sugars for people with diabetes have changed. It has gone from avoidance to allowing sugar within the context of a healthy meal plan. As discussed in Chapter 11, the right amount and types of food are essential for normal growth and health. TYPE 1 (INSULINDEPENDENT) DIABETES CANNOT BE TREATED WITH DIET ALONE. In contrast, type 2 diabetes can sometimes be treated with diet and exercise alone. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Learners (parents, child, relative or self) will be able to: 1. List three objectives of food management. 2. Describe examples of carbohydrate (carb) containing foods and their effect on blood sugar levels. 3. Explain the type of food plan you will be using.

The Traditional Pima Indian Diet - Diabetes Care

CHANGES IN THE PIMA DIET— For at least 500-1000 yr, the Pima lived in the Sonoran Desert as farmers, hunters, and gatherers. An intricate canal sysVICKY L. BOYCE, MS, RD tem allowed cultivation of crops such as BOYD A . SWINBURN, MB, CHB, FRACP wheat, maize, beans, and squash (6). Hunting of mule deer, jackrabbits, and birds (7), fishing from the Gila River (8), OBJECTIVE — To examine changes in the Pima Indian diet composition that may and gathering foods from the desert have played a role in the dramatic rise in the incidence of NIDDM among Pima (such as saguaro cactus fruit, mesquite Indians over the last century. beans, cholla cactus buds, prickly pear fruit, wild berries, and wild greens) also RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS— We investigated the composition of contributed substantially to their diet. the foods comparable to those available to the Pima —100 yr ago, with the aim of As the area became more settled reproducing this traditional diet as faithfully as possible for a dietary intervention in the 1880s, the upstream waters of the study. An approximation of the traditional diet was ascertained from the ethnohis- Gila River were diverted to such an extoric literature and traditional recipes. tent that farming in the desert was no longer possible for the Pima. They beRESULTS— We estimated that the traditional Pima diet, although seasonably came more reliant on other sources of variable, was —70-80% carbohydrate, 8-12% fat, and 12-18% protein. A diet food (such as trading posts and governanalogous to the traditional Pima diet is largely reproducible with the foods available ment food programs) and eventually very today. Many native foods are available locally and many commercial products can be little food came from subsistence farmsubstituted when native foods are unavailable. ing, hunting, or gathering (9,10). By the...

Effects of Diet and Exercise in Preventing NIDDM in ... - Diabetes Care

OBJECTIVE— Individuals with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) have a high risk of developing NIDDM. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diet and exercise interventions in those with IGT may delay the development of NIDDM, i.e., reduce the incidence of NIDDM, and thereby reduce the overall incidence of diabetic complications, such as cardiovascular, renal, and retinal disease, and the excess mortality attributable to these complications. RESEARCH DESIGN A N D M E T H O D S — In 1986,110,660 men and women from 33 health care clinics in the city of Da Qing, China, were screened for IGT and NIDDM. Of these individuals, 577 were classified (using World Health Organization criteria) as having IGT. Subjects were randomized by clinic into a clinical trial, either to a control group or to one of three active treatment groups: diet only, exercise only, or diet plus exercise. Follow-up evaluation examinations were conducted at 2-year intervals over a 6-year period to identify subjects who developed NIDDM. Cox's proportional hazard analysis was used to determine if the incidence of NIDDM varied by treatment assignment. RESULTS — The cumulative incidence of diabetes at 6 years was 67.7% (95% CI, 59.8-75.2) in the control group compared with 43.8% (95% CI, 35.5-52.3) in the diet group, 41.1% (95% CI, 33.4-49.4) in the exercise group, and 46.0% (95% CI, 37.3-54.7) in the diet-plus-exercise group (P < 0.05). When analyzed by clinic, each of the active intervention groups differed significantly from the control clinics (P < 0.05). The relative decrease in rate of development of diabetes in the active treatment groups was similar when subjects were stratified as lean or overweight (BMI < or >25 kg/m2). In a proportional hazards analysis adjusted for differences in baseline BMI and fasting glucose, the diet, exercise, and diet-plus-exercise interventions were associated with 31% (P < 0.03), 46% (P < 0.0005), and 42% (P < 0.005) reductions in risk ...

Diabetes: Meal plan Ideas 1800 calories/day - University of ...

Diabetes: Meal plan Ideas 1800 calories/day Tuesday Wednesday 3 whole grain frozen pancakes ¼ cup sugar free syrup ¼ cup pecans 1 cup blueberries 1½ cups whole grain cereal 1 cup fat free milk ½ cup sliced strawberries ¼ cup almonds Total: 61g Carbs 1 cup black bean soup ¼ cup shredded cheddar cheese 10 tortilla chips 2 Tbsp. chunky salsa 1 cup chopped pineapple Total: 67g Carbs 6" turkey sub sandwich w/ mustard and veggie toppings ¼ cup almonds 1 small apple Total: 64g Carbs Frozen entrée under 300 calories and 30g Carbs 1 side salad 2 Tbsp. ranch dressing 1 large banana Total: 67g Carbs 3 oz. roasted chicken breast 1 cup baked winter squash ½ cup cooked spinach 1 small whole wheat roll 1 Tbsp. “0g trans-fat” butter spread 30 red grapes Total: 62g Carbs 4 oz. salmon ½ baked potato 1 cup carrots 1 small whole wheat roll 1 small chocolate chip cookie Total: 62g Carbs 1 small frozen chicken pot pie 1 side salad 2 Tbsp. low-fat Italian dressing 1 cup chopped pineapple 1 cup fat free milk Total: 65g Carbs 1 medium apple 1 Tbsp. peanut butter Total: 68g Carbs 7 whole wheat crackers 2 Laughing Cow low-fat cheese wedges

Simple Guidelines for a Diabetes Diet - McKinley Health Center

Simple Guidelines for a Diabetes Diet WHAT IS A CARBOHYDRATE? • Carbohydrates from food break down during digestion to form sugar, which affects blood sugar levels. • Carbohydrates are needed in moderation. WHAT FOODS ARE CARBOHYDRATES? Starches (bread, crackers, cereal, rice, tortillas, and pasta) Fruit and Fruit Juices Milk and Yogurt Starchy Vegetables (peas, corns, potatoes and squash) Sugar and Sweets (soda pop, candy, cookies, cake, fruit “drinks”, sweets, etc.) WHAT IS A SERVING OF CARBOHYDRATE? • One serving of carbohydrate = 15 grams of Total Carbohydrate. • Read the actual food label to check how much Total Carbohydrate the food contains. ONE SERVING OF CARBOHYDRATE IS 1 slice bread ½ small bagel ½ English muffin, buns ¾ c dry cereal, unsweetened ½ cup cooked cereal, plain 1/3 cup rice 1 small tortilla, waffle, or pancake ½ cup beans and pasta ½ cup corn, peas, potatoes ½ banana, grapefruit ½ cup canned fruit-lite 17 small grapes or cherries 1-cup berries or melon 1 small fresh fruit (apple, orange)

CHMC-Dubai A World Class Dementia Panic Attacks Clinic in Dubai

Depression and panic attacks are the two most common diseases of modern lifestyle that affects almost half of the world population. These days, apart from blood pressure, diabetes and cholesterol you will find people looking for the cure of depression, anxiety and other lifestyle stress related diseases. Psychiatric treatment can be very costly and a long term process because it involves mental healing more than physical healing. For more information visit our website:-

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KUNCI JAWABAN LATIHAN SOAL UJIAN SERTIFIKASI AKUNTAN PUBLIK (Certified Public Accountant – Exam) AAS APK AMSI (Audit & Assurance) (Akuntansi & Pelaporan Keuangan) (Akuntansi Manajemen & Sistem Informasi) No. JAWABAN SOAL AAS APK AMSI 1 A 2 C 3 C 4 C 5 D 6 B 7 B 8 B 9 D 10 B 11 D 12 B 13 A 14 D 15 A 16 D 17 D 18 D 19 B 20 C 21 C 22 B 23 B 24 B 25 C 26 C 27 D 28 A 29 D 30 A D D B A No. JAWABAN SOAL AAS APK AMSI A 31 D C 32 A C 33 D D 34 A B 35 C C 36 C B 37 A C 38 C A 39 C D 40 A C 41 D B D D B D D C D A C A A C C C A C A C C C B 42 D A B C 43 B A C B 44 D D C B 45 A C D B D 46 D B B C B 47 D D A D C 48 C C D D B 49 B B B D D 50 A C A C A 51 C A B C D 52 C C C B D 53 D B B C B 54 A D C B B 55 D A B C B 56 C C A A C 57 C C B B B 58 B B C C D 59 D D A D D 60 A A C C D A B C C C D A A C No. JAWABAN SOAL AAS APK AMSI No. JAWABAN SOAL AAS APK AMSI 61 C A C 91 C B 62 A B C 92 A 63 B C B 93 B C B 64 A A C 94 D D 65 A B C 95 D D 66 A B A 96 B 67 D C C 97 C B B 68 A A A 98 D B 69 A C B 99 D D 70 D D B 100 A D 71 D D B 72 A B B 73 C D C 74 A A C 75 B D C 76 A B 77 D D 78 B C 79 B C 80 A B 81 B C 82 D B 83 A A 84 D D 85 D B 86 C C 87 B C 88 A B 89 D A 90 B A