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ucapan hari lahir islamic

Traditional Muslim Clothing
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Islamic Clothing from throughout the Muslim world, including: Hijab, Al Amirah Hijabs, Kuwaiti Hijabs, Abayas, Jilbabs, Tunics, Salwar Kameez, Dishdasha, Plus Sizes, Formal items, Niqabs, and more. We stock a wide range of sizes - from petite to plus sized. Our selections include clothing for Men, Women, and Children.

Pengadaan Langsung adalah salah satu mentode dalam memilih ...

Suatu saat teman penulis (sebut saja namanya Ahmad) seorang pejabat pengadaan pada instansi tempat ia bekerja bertanya kepada penulis tentang tata cara yang benar dalam malaksanakan pengadaan barang/jasa dengan cara pengadaan langsung. Kemudian terjadilah diskusi antara penulis dan Ahmad. Dalam diskusi informal tersebut terungkap bahwa Ahmad telah berkali-kali melakukan pengadaan barang/jasa di instansinya dengan tata cara yang tidak sesuai dengan ketentuan dalam Peraturan Presiden nomor 54 tahun 2010 tentang Pengadaan Barang/Jasa Pemerintah. Ahmad telah memiliki Sertifikat Keahlian Pengadaan Barang/Jasa Pemerintah dan telah ditunjuk sebagai Pejabat Pengadaan pada instansi tempatnya bekerja. Namun dalam melaksanakan tugas sehari-hari sebagai pejabat pengadaan ia sendiri kadang-kadang masih ragu-ragu terutama dalam menafsirkan dan melaksanakan praturan yang ada. Ia mengetahui bahwa pengadaan langsung adalah cara pengadaan yang dapat dilaksanakan oleh Pejabat Pengadaan tanpa harus melalui proses lelang, cukup dengan melakukan survey harga di antara paling kurang dua penyedia barang/jasa yang berbeda. Menurut pendapat Ahmad survey harga tersebut dapat dilakukan dengan membandingkan total penawaran harga dari dua penyedia. Adalah benar bahwa survey tersebut membandingkan harga paling kurang dua...

HEAVEN - New World Byzantine
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O N E A R T H AS IT IS IN H E AV E N ❧ Form and Meaning in  O r t h o d o x Architecture ANDREW G OULD O Andrew Gould is a designer specializing in Orthodox churches and traditional neighborhood design. He holds degrees in Art History from Tufts University, and in Architecture from University of Pennsylvania. He and his wife Juliana currently reside in Charleston, South Carolina. His website is rt h o d ox C h r i s t i a n s today rightly desire the architectural richness of the Byzantine Tradition – to have churches which express the same theology and beauty as the medieval churches of the East. And yet, we are far sundered from that tradition. With regard to doctrine and liturgy, the Orthodox faith has migrated to our shores intact. But with regard to art, the ancient tradition was largely broken. In the Middle East, Byzantine architecture was virtually outlawed under Islamic rule. In Russia, the medieval traditions have, for centuries, been strangled by an infatuation with Western humanism. If we, as American Orthodox, are to participate in the rebirth of Orthodox architecture, we must begin by understanding why ancient churches were built as they were. We must come to terms with a cultural context so distant from ours that it is difficult for us to comprehend the forces which shaped those churches and the meanings they contain. We must learn that Orthodox architecture is more than a support for iconography, more than a building with a painted dome. In an ancient church, nothing was purposeless or unconsidered. Every wall, every window, every hanging lamp, contributed to the symbolism of the whole. And the symbolism was not limited to theology, for ancient churches, like all ancient temples, were icons of the entire universe, microcosms built in accordance with the geometry and beauty of the heavens and the earth. In this article I will attempt to shed light on the Christian theology and pre-Christian cosmology that are the motivation behind traditional Orthodox architecture.

US-Israeli Group Aims to Shelter Rocket-Plagued Israeli Towns

US-Israeli Group Aims to Shelter Rocket-Plagued Israeli Towns Julie Stahl Jerusalem Bureau Chief Jerusalem ( - A private Israeli-American non-governmental organization has stepped in to help provide portable bomb shelters for residents of the rocketbeleaguered southern Israeli town of Sderot and other communities to resolve a desperate shortage in shelters and hopefully help save lives. Sderot and other Israeli communities situated near the Gaza Strip have been struck by more than 1,570 Kassam rockets since 2001, more than 130 of them since last Tuesday. Nine people have been killed, including Shirel Friedman, 32, on Monday night in Sderot. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, who visited the town earlier this week, said that there was neither an "immediate" nor an "absolute" solution to the kassam rocket attacks. Israel carried out seven air strikes overnight against Hamas targets and an Islamic Jihad weapons factory in the Gaza Strip, but before 8 a.m. on Friday, four rockets launched from the area had already crashed into Israel. Both groups claimed responsibility. But what has made the situation even worse for Israeli residents of the area is that most do not have adequate shelters either in public places or their homes. About 40,000 people live in the seven-kilometer (4.2-mile) range outside the Gaza Strip, including the 23,000 residents of Sderot, the city hardest hit by the rocket fire. There are...

Kunci Jawaban - FTP ITB!
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Kunci Jawaban Bab 1 Ayo Berlatih 1.1 2. Kemampuan yang dimiliki hewan untuk mengetahui arah terbang, makanan, dan keadaan lingkungan­ nya dengan menggunakan bunyi. Ayo Berlatih 1.2 2. Kantung semar dan tumbuhan kejora. Cara yang dilakukan pada kantong semar dengan menghasilkan cairan untuk menarik perhatian serangga. Serangga akan tergelincir masuk ke dalam daun karena daunnya mengandung lapisan lilin. Evaluasi Bab 1 A. Pilihan Ganda 2. c 4. b 6. d 8. d 10. b B. Isian 2. Pelekat 4. Kering 6. Malam hari 8. Nitrogen 10. Lidah yang panjang dan lengket C. Uraian 2. Karena cecak memiliki telapak kaki yang tidak rata, memiliki tonjolan berbentuk garis dan berfungsi sebagai pelekat. 4. Kantong semar menghasilkan cairan untuk menarik perhatian serangga. Serangga akan tertarik dan masuk ke dalam kantong. Bab 2 Ayo Berlatih 2.1 2. Bersikap tenang, jujur, terbuka, dan selalu menjaga kebersihan. Ayo Berlatih 2.2 2. • • Pembuahan di dalam tubuh: peng­­­ gabungan sel sperma dan sel telur di dalam tubuh. Pembuahan di luar tubuh: peng­ gabungan sel sperma dan sel telur di luar tubuh Ayo Berlatih 2.3 2. Serangga dan burung Evaluasi Bab 2 A. Pilihan Ganda 2. a 4. d 6. a 8. d 10. a 12. d 14. b B. Isian 2. Embrio 4. Menstruasi 6. Melahirkan 8. Penyerbukan 10. Cangkokan Kunci Jawaban 173 C. Uraian 2. Tertariknya pada lawan jenis 4. Menggabungkan mata tunas suatu tumbuhan pada batang tumbuhan lain.

The 9/11 Commission Report - National Commission on Terrorist ...

THE 9/11 COMMISSION REPORT Final FM.1pp 7/17/04 5:25 PM Page v CONTENTS List of Illustrations and Tables ix Member List xi Staff List xiii–xiv Preface xv 1. “WE HAVE SOME PLANES” 1 nside the Four Flights 1 Improvising a Homeland Defense 14 National Crisis Management 35. 2. THE FOUNDATION OF THE NEW TERRORISM 47. A Declaration of War 47 Bin Ladin’s Appeal in the Islamic World 48 The Rise of Bin Ladin and al Qaeda (1988–1992) 55 Building an Organization, Declaring War on the United States (1992–1996) 59 Al Qaeda’s Renewal in Afghanistan (1996–1998) 63. 3. COUNTERTERRORISM EVOLVES 71. From the Old Terrorism to the New: The First World Trade Center Bombing 71 Adaptation—and Nonadaptation— . . . in the Law Enforcement Community 73 . . . and in the Federal Aviation Administration 82 . . . and in the Intelligence Community 86. Page vi . . . and in the State Department and the Defense Department 93 . . . and in the White House 98 . . . and in the Congress 102. 4. RESPONSES TO AL QAEDA’S INITIAL ASSAULTS 108 4.1. Before the Bombings in Kenya and Tanzania 108 Crisis: August 1998 115 Diplomacy 121 Covert Action 126 Searching for Fresh Options 134 5. AL QAEDA AIMS AT THE AMERICAN HOMELAND 145. Terrorist Entrepreneurs 145 The “Planes Operation” 153 The Hamburg Contingent 160 A Money Trail? 169 6. FROM THREAT TO THREAT 174. The Millennium Crisis 174 Post-Crisis Reflection: Agenda for 2000 182 The Attack on the USS Cole 190 Change and Continuity 198 The New Administration’s Approach 203 7. THE ATTACK LOOMS 215. First Arrivals in California 215 The 9/11 Pilots in the United States 223 Assembling the Teams 231 Final Strategies and Tactics 241 8. “THE SYSTEM WAS BLINKING RED” 254. The Summer of Threat 254 Late Leads—Mihdhar, Moussaoui, and KSM 266 9. HEROISM AND HORROR 278. Preparedness as of September 11 278 September 11, 2001 285 Emergency Response at the Pentagon 311 Analysis 315. 10. WARTIME 325 10.1 Immediate Responses at Home 326 10.2 Planning for War 330 10.3 “Phase Two” and the Question of Iraq 334 11. FORESIGHT—AND HINDSIGHT 339. Imagination 339 Policy 348 Capabilities 350 Management 353 12. WHAT TO DO? A GLOBAL STRATEGY 361. Reflecting on a Generational Challenge 361 Attack Terrorists and Their Organizations 365 Prevent the Continued Growth of Islamist Terrorism 374 Protect against and Prepare for Terrorist Attacks 383 13. HOW TO DO IT? A DIFFERENT WAY OF ORGANIZING THE GOVERNMENT 399. Unity of Effort across the Foreign-Domestic Divide 400 Unity of Effort in the Intelligence Community 407 Unity of Effort in Sharing Information 416 Unity of Effort in the Congress 419 Organizing America’s Defenses in the United States 423 Appendix A: Common Abbreviations 429 Appendix B:Table of Names 431 Appendix C: Commission Hearings 439 Notes 449

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb - Center for Strategic and ...

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) emerged from a decades-long militant Islamist tradition in Algeria. In 1998, the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat, or GSPC) broke away from the Armed Islamic Group (Groupe Islamique Armé, or GIA) because of the GIA’s extensive targeting of civilians. Gradually, the GSPC evolved to encompass global jihadist ideology in addition to its historical focus on overturning the Algerian state. In 2006, the GSPC officially affiliated with al Qaeda core, soon rebranding itself as al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. In the following years, AQIM was able to conduct a small number of large-scale attacks, most notably its 2007 bombing of the UN headquarters in Algiers. In recent years, counterterrorism pressure and weak governance have combined to shift the center of AQIM’s presence to the Sahara-Sahel region. AQIM continues to make its presence known through smuggling operations, kidnappings, and clashes with security forces in the desert. In the coming years, general instability within the region could allow AQIM to further expand its influence. The Al Qaeda and Associated Movements (AQAM) Futures Project is a joint study undertaken by the CSIS Transnational Threats Project and the CSIS Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Program. The initiative will produce a series of alternative futures regarding the state of AQAM in the year 2025 and generate recommendations to defeat the threat over the long term. Drawing on historical analysis, social science research, expert interviews, and targeted fieldwork, this project will provide to policymakers and strategists a vision beyond the next few years and will consider the trends and shocks that may shape AQAM over the next decade and a half.   This case study is one of several examining the historic evolution and future prospects of al Qaeda and its range of affiliated groups. The purpose of the case studies is to determine the key drivers that have influenced a terrorist group’s trajectory over time. Ultimately, these drivers, in conjunction with additional supporting analysis, will be used to inform projections about the future of al Qaeda and its affiliates. 1800 k street nw, washington dc 20006 | p. 202.887.0200 | f. 202.775.3199 |

The Origins of al Qaeda's Ideology - Strategic Studies Institute

“The fight against the enemy nearest to you has precedence over the fight against the enemy farther away. . . . In all Muslim countries the enemy has the reins of power. The enemy is the present rulers.” — Muhammad Abd al-Salam Faraj, tried and hanged in connection with the 1 1981 assassination of Anwar al-Sadat “Victory for the Islamic movements . . . cannot be attained unless these movements possess an Islamic base in the heart of the Arab region.” — Ayman al-Zawahiri, 2 Bin Laden deputy, 2001 “We do not want stability in Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and even Saudi Arabia. . . . The real issue is not whether, but how to destabilize. We have to ensure the fulfillment of the democratic revolution.” — Michael Ledeen, 3 American Enterprise Institute, 2002 T he leader of Sadat’s assassins, Bin Laden’s chief ideologue, and a leading American neoconservative supporter of Israel all call for a revolutionary transformation of the Middle East. However, the United States, the existing Arab regimes, and the traditional Sunni clerical establishments all share an interest in avoiding instability and revolution. This shared interest makes the establishments in the Sunni world America’s natural partners in the struggle against al Qaeda and similar movements. If American strategists fail to understand and exploit the divide between the establishments and the revolutionaries within Sunni Islam, the United States will play into the radicals’ hands, and turn fence-sitting Sunnis into enemies. Spring 2005 69 Outsiders of the Sunni World Sunni Islam is a very big tent, and there always have been insiders and outsiders within Sunnism playing out their rivalries with clashing philosophies.4 Throughout the past century, the most important of these clashes have occurred between Sunni reformers and the traditional Sunni clerical establishment. The ideology espoused today by al Qaeda and similar groups can be traced directly from the 19th-century founders of modernist reform in Sunnism. Al Qaeda’s leading thinkers are steeped in these reformers’ long struggle against the establishment. The teaching of the reformers has been heterodox and revolutionary from the beginning; that is, the reformers and their intellectual descendants in al Qaeda are the outsiders of today’s Sunni world. For the most part this struggle has been waged in Egypt, Sunni Islam’s center of gravity. On one side of the debate, there is Cairo’s Al-Azhar, a seminary and university that has been the center of Sunni orthodoxy for a thousand years. On the other side, al Qaeda’s ideology has its origins in late-19thcentury efforts in Egypt to reform and modernize faith and society. As the 20th century progressed, the Sunni establishment centered on Al-Azhar came to view the modernist reform movement as more and more heterodox. It became known as Salafism, for the supposedly uncorrupted early Muslim predecessors (salaf, plural aslaf ) of today’s Islam. The more revolutionary tendencies in this Salafist reform movement constitute the core of today’s challenge to the Sunni establishment, and are the chief font of al Qaeda’s ideology. A Century of Reformation In contemporary Western discussions of the Muslim world, it is common to hear calls for a “reformation in Islam” as an antidote to al Qaeda.5 These calls often betray a misunderstanding of both Sunni Islam and of the early modern debate between Catholics and Protestants. In fact, a Sunni “reformation” has been under way for more than a century, and it works against Western security interests. The Catholic-Protestant struggle in Europe weakened traditional religious authorities’ control over the definition of doctrine, emphasized scripture over tradition, idealized an allegedly uncorrupted primitive religious community, and simplified theology and rites. The Salafist movement in the Sunni Muslim world has been pursuing these same ...


Pada tanggal 2 September 2009, pukul 07:55:01 (UTC) atau pukul 14:55:01 (WIB) waktu setempat, telah terjadi gempabumi besar dengan moment magnitude Mw = 7.0 dengan kedalaman 49.9 km pada posisi 7.777°S, 107.326°E (Sumber : USGS). Gempabumi ini mengakibatkan kerusakan berbagai prasarana dan sarana fisik serta sekitar 74 orang korban jiwa manusia di Propinsi Jawa Barat.. Kerusakan bangunan secara umum yang teramati di daerah survey (Kabupaten Tasikmalaya dan Pangalengan) bervariasi dari kerusakan ringan, keruskan parah, sampai runtuh. Bangunanbangunan sekolah, kantor pemerintah, rumah sakit/puskesmas, dan perumahan juga banyak yang mengalami kerusakan parah. Prasarana jalan, jembatan, tanggul, instalasi listrik dan telepon diidentifikasi masih dalam kondisi baik dan beberapa hanya mengalami kerusakan ringan. Institut Teknologi Bandung memiliki ahli-ahli di bidang bencana alam seperti kegempaan dan tsunami perlu memberikan suatu kontribusi untuk rehabilitasi serta rekonstruksi pasca bencana Jawa Barat. Sebagai bagian dari program kerja ITB untuk memberikan suatu masukan-masukan atau rekomendasi teknis untuk tahapan rehabilitas dan rekonstruksi, kajain awal mengenai kejadian gempa Tasik dan survey awal identifikasi cepat kerusakan bangunan telah dilakukan. Pada tanggal 3 September 2009, kami melakukan survey awal ke daerah Pangelengan dan pada tanggal 5-7 September 2009 telah dilakukan survey ke Kabupaten Tasikmalaya. Team dari ITB telah melakukan suatu kajian-kajian awal, pengumpulan data-data serta survey ke daerah bencana untuk melakukan pengamatan langsung secara visual dampak-dampak dari gempa yang terjadi. Kajain-kajian awal dan survey ini dilakukan untuk dapat memberikan suatu rekomendasi-rekomendasi teknis serta langkah-langkah yang tepat untuk dilakukan selanjutnya Satuan Tugas Kajian dan Survey Lapangan Bencana Gempa Jawa Barat - ITB Laporan Kajian dan Survey Awal Bencana Gempa Jawa Barat dalam rangka pemulihan (recovery), fase pembangunan kembali (rekonstruksi), serta pada jangka panjangnya fase pencegahan (prevention), mitigasi (mitigation) dan kesiapan (preparedness). 1.2. Tujuan Kajian dan Survey Awal Hasil yang diharapkan dari kajian dan survey awal gempabumi dan keluaran-keluarannya adalah sebagai berikut: a. Melakukan kajian singkat dan survey awal (investigasi lapangan pasca bencana) untuk mengkaji pengaruh dari besaran gempa yang terjadi serta mengidentifikasi kerusakan bangunan-bangunan dan sarana prasarana akibat gempa. Bangunan-bangunan kritis menjadi prioritas dalam survey awal ini yakni seperti bangunan-bangunan fasilias kesehatan (Puskesmas), sekolah, tempat ibadah (masjid), dan bangunan/sarana umum lainnya. Selain itu, juga untuk melakukan survey kerusakan bangunan rumah penduduk. Pada umumnya setelah pasca bencana gempa, ruangan-ruangan tempat ibadah dan juga sekolah tidak digunakan, umumnya sekolah akan diliburkan beberapa hari. Pada saat aktivitas sekolah (kegiatan belajar mengajar) dimulai kembali, aktivitas tersebut diadakan di tempat-tempat yang dianggap aman. b. Melakukan kaji cepat kelayakan bangunan pasca bencana gempa (rapid assessment) untuk meyakinkan para pihak terkait. Tujuan dari kegiatan ini adalah untuk...

Kode Etik Partai Demokrat - Situs Resmi Partai Demokrat

Partai Demokrat sebagai Partai Politik adalah organisasi yang dibentuk oleh Warga Negara Republik Indonesia secara sukarela atas dasar persamaan kehendak untuk memperjuangkan baik kepentingan anggota maupun kepentingan bangsa dan negara melalui pemilihan umum. Partai Demokrat memiliki tujuan untuk menegakkan, mempertahankan, dan mengamankan keutuhan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia sesuai dengan jiwa Proklamasi Kemerdekaan serta untuk mewujudkan cita-cita Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia, sebagaimana dimaksud dalam Pancasila dan UUD Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945. Partai Demokrat bertekad untuk melakukan segala usaha dan ikhtiar untuk membangun masyarakat Indonesia baru yang berwawasan nasionalisme, humanisme, dan pluralisme; dan meningkatkan partisipasi seluruh potensi bangsa dalam mewujudkan kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara yang memiliki pemerintahan yang bersih, efektif, efisien, serta dinamis menuju terwujudnya Indonesia yang adil, demokratis, sejahtera, maju, dan modern dalam suasana aman dan tertib. Untuk mencapai tujuan dan tekad tersebut di atas, maka diperlukan Kode Etik dan Pedoman Pelaksanaan Kode Etik sebagai landasan etik dan filosofis dari perilaku dan ucapan para anggotanya mengenai hal-hal yang diwajibkan, dilarang, patut atau tidak patut dilakukan oleh Anggota dan Kader Partai Demokrat sesuai dengan Anggaran Dasar dan Anggaran Rumah Tangga Partai Demokrat yang berhubungan dengan Pasal 5 tentang Etika Politik Partai Demokrat yang bersih, cerdas dan santun serta Pasal 18 Anggaran Rumah Tangga Partai Demokrat tentang pemberhentian anggota.

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