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Small Business Draft - Committee on Ways and Means

Strengthening the Economy and Increasing Wages by Making the Tax Code Simpler and Fairer for America’s Small Businesses Whether operated as sole proprietorships, partnerships, or S corporations, small businesses continue to be the driving force for economic growth and job creation in the American economy and have generated 65 percent of net new jobs over the past 17 years according to the Small Business Administration. Despite their significant contributions, however, small businesses and entrepreneurs face a daunting array of Federal tax rules and regulations that consume valuable time and resources. Consider the following small business facts: Tax compliance costs are 65 percent higher for small businesses than for big• businesses, costing small business owners $18 billion to $19 billion per year. Nearly nine out of every ten small businesses rely on outside tax preparers, and• according to data provided by the Internal Revenue Service, a business taxpayer spends an average of 23 hours on tax compliance. The current patchwork of complex and often inconsistent rules often leads to disparate• results depending on the organizational structure of the business. The combined impact of these tax costs and complexity means fewer resources to expand a business, hire new employees, and increase wages and benefits. Tax reform done right should make the code simpler and fairer, while strengthening our economy. The discussion draft is the result of multiple public hearings and witness testimony. As part of a broader, comprehensive tax reform package that significantly lowers rates for individuals, small businesses, and corporations, the draft reforms and simplifies a number of tax rules affecting small businesses and their workers. The discussion draft also offers two approaches to modernize the way the United States taxes pass-through businesses, such as partnerships and S corporations. In the interest of transparency, the Committee is soliciting feedback from a broad range of stakeholders, practitioners, economists, and members of the general public on how to improve this proposed set of reforms. To help strengthen the economy by helping small businesses expand operations, hire new workers and increase wages and benefits, the discussion draft contains several commonsense reforms that simplify tax compliance for small businesses and provide certainty with respect to the ability of small businesses to recover certain costs immediately. Spur Investment by Providing Permanent Expensing of Investments in Equipment and Property. The draft makes permanent section 179 expensing at pre-stimulus levels, allowing small businesses to deduct immediately investments in new equipment and property up to $250,000, with the deduction phased out for investments exceeding $800,000 (both amounts indexed for inflation). Without legislation, these levels will revert to $25,000 and $200,000, respectively, in 2014, which would be a tax increase for these employers. The draft also makes permanent the current-law provisions allowing computer software and certain investments in real property to qualify for section 179 expensing. This proposal is based on a provision of H.R. 886, introduced by Reps. Jim Gerlach (R-PA) and Ron Kind (D-WI). The proposal applies to tax years after December 31, 2013. Simplify and Expand Use of Cash Accounting for Small Businesses. The draft replaces the current array of complicated tax-accounting rules that apply to small businesses and farms with a uniform rule under which all businesses with gross receipts of $10 million or less may use the cash method of accounting...

kunci-jawaban-lks - WordPress – www.wordpress.com

KUNCI JAWABAN UJI KOMPETENSI BAB I : KONSEP DASAR JARINGAN II . Uraian 1. Cara menghubungkan komputer dimana masing-masing workstation di hubungkan langsung dengan server / HUB Kelebihannya : fleksibel, penambahan workstation mudah, kontrol terpusat dan kerusakan mudah terdeteksi. Kelemahannya : boros kabel, HUB jadi elemen kritis dan perlu penanganan khusus. 2. Server : komputer yang dipakai sebagai pengendali / melayani fasilitasfasilitas yang diperlukan workstation. Client : komputer menggunakan fasilitas-fasilitas yang disediakan server. Kelebihannya : kecepatan akses tinggi dan keamanan lebih terjaga. Kelemahannya : tergantung dari server dan biaya relatif mahal. 5. Keunggulannya : kecepatan akses lebih tinggi, sistem keamanan lebih terjaga dan backup data lebih baik. Kelemahannya : biaya operasional mahal, spesifikasi hardware server tinggi dan ketergantungan terhadap server. 6. Persamaan : merupakan sama-sama jenis jaringan internet Perbedaan : LAN == arean jangkauan kerja terbatas MAN == area jangkauan kerja sedang / lebih luas WAN == area jangkauan kerja sangat luas seringkali mencakup sebuah negara / benua. 7. Persamaan : merupakan sebuah jaringan antar komputer dengan area tak tak terbatas. Perbedaan : topologi internet masih banyak menggunakan kabel sedang topologi wireless tanpa kabel. 1. Setiap ujung kabel diberi terminator 50 Ohm. Panjang maks kabel 1000 feet ( 185 m ) per segmen Setiap segmen maks terkoneksi 30 perangkat jaringan Kartu jaringan menggunakan transceiver onboard, kecuali repeater Maks ada 3 segmen terhubung satu sama lain Setiap segmen sebaiknya dilengkaoi dengan ground Panjang min antar T connector 1,5 feet ( 0,5 m ) Maks panjang kabel dlm satu segmen 1.818 feet ( 555 m ) 2. Jawaban ada pada LKS halaman 25. 3. Karena masing-masing kabel harus memenuhi syarat sbb: * Kualitas isolasi / belitan kabel * Besarnya frekuensi yang digunakan * Efek induksi sangat kecil 4. Penyambungan disarankan untuk menggunakan standar internasional sbb: Straight Cable : Crossover Cable Pin 1 : putih orange ----- putih orange * putih orange ------ putih hijau Pin 2 : orange ----- orange...

Dubai Tours Packages
by joytravelss 0 Comments favorite 60 Viewed Download 0 Times

An emirate of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai lies right innards the Arabian Desert. Successfully combining technology with the best that nature has to proposal, desert safaris, super malls, beaches, Dubai is commutation right on top with its disproportionate buildings, and skiing to boot. Skiing in a infertile state!?! You can do it, in Dubai.

Cover Buku Pelajaran IPS VIII ok - Mirror UNPAD

lmu Pengetahuan Sosial Untuk Sekolah Menengah Pertama/Madrasah Tsanawiyah Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT, berkat rahmat dan karunia-Nya, Pemerintah, dalam hal ini, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, pada tahun 2009, telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 9 Tahun 2009 tanggal 12 Februari 2009. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/ penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional ini, dapat diunduh (down load), digandakan, dicetak, dialihmediakan, atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Namun, untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Kami berharap, semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Oleh karena itu, saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. Buku Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial ini diperuntukkan bagi siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP)/Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTS) kelas VIII. Disusun berdasarkan Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP) yang diberlakukan oleh pemerintah sejak tahun 2006. Dengan membaca buku ini, kamu akan mendapatkan wawasan menyeluruh tentang ilmu pengetahuan sosial yang merupakan paduan dari ilmu geografi, sosiologi, ekonomi dan sejarah. Buku ini disampaikan dengan bahasa yang cukup mudah untuk dimengerti dan dilengkapi dengan gambar-gambar. Dalam rangka menguji kompetensi dan memperdalam pemahamanmu, buku ini disertai dengan soal-soal latihan dalam bentuk pilihan ganda dan uraian, serta tugas untuk kamu kerjakan diluar jam pelajaran, baik secara kelompok maupun individu. Setelah membaca buku ini, diharapkan kamu dapat memahami secara mendalam ruang lingkup ilmu pengetahuan sosial, serta dapat merespon fenomena-fenomena kontekstual dalam kehidupan sehari-hari secara baik dan benar. Sebagai pengayaan, alangkah lebih baik jika kamu membaca referensi lainnya yang relevan, seperti dari buku umum, buku pelajaran lain, majalah, koran, serta dari internet sehingga pengetahuanmu semakin berkembang. Penulis mengucapkan terima kasih kepada semua pihak yang sudah membantu menyelesaikan buku ini dengan baik, tidak lupa pula kepada para pembaca semua yang sudah menggunakan buku ini sebagai pilihan terbaik. Penulis menyadari bahwa dalam buku ini masih terdapat ketidak sempurnaan. Oleh karena itu, penulis berharap kepada para pembaca untuk memberikan kritik dan saran demi perbaikan buku ini di kemudian hari...

download Pelajaran Bahasa Jepang SMA 2.pdf

PUSAT KURIKULUM DAN PERBUKUAN Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional Hak Cipta pada Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi oleh Undang-Undang Pelajaran Bahasa Jepang SMA Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT, berkat rahmat dan karunia-Nya, Pemerintah, dalam hal ini, Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional, sejak tahun 2007, telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui situs internet (website) Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 32 Tahun 2010 tanggal 12 November 2010. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh para siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional ini, dapat diunduh (download), digandakan, dicetak, dialihmediakan, atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. Namun, untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. Kami berharap, semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya. Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Oleh karena itu, saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. gala puji dan syukur penulis panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT., karena hanya atas izinNya penyusunan buku pelajaran bahasa Jepang untuk SMA yang diberi judul 2 ini dapat diselesaikan sesuai harapan. Buku yang disusun berdasarkan kurikulum yang berlaku saat ini ditujukan bagi para pembelajar bahasa Jepang di tingkat SMA, agar dapat berkomunikasi dalam bahasa Jepang, baik lisan maupun secara tulis. Tujuan penyusunan buku ini adalah untuk mempermudah para guru bahasa Jepang, dalam menciptakan kegiatan pembelajaran bahasa Jepang yang menarik dan bermakna. Oleh karena itu dalam proses penyususnannya (pemilihan materi, bentuk latihan dan gambar pendukung), tidak terlepas dari berbagai pertimbangan yang mengacu pada Teori Pendidikan (Paedagogi) dan Teori Perkembangan Kepribadian. Penyusun berharap kepada Allah SWT, semoga buku pelajaran bahasa Jepang ini dapat bermanfaat bagi pengembangan pembelajaran bahasa Jepang di SMA, dalam rangka turut berpartisipasi meningkatkan kualitas sumber daya manusia Indonesia.. Amin yaa Robbal Alamin...

RELEVANSI BUKU PELAJARAN DENGAN STANDAR ISI ...

RELEVANSI BUKU PELAJARAN DENGAN STANDAR ISI KURIKULUM MI/SD KELAS IV (TELAAH BUKU PELAJARAN IPS TERBITAN ERLANGGA DAN YUDHISTIRA) Diajukan kepada Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta untuk Memenuhi Sebagian Syarat Memperoleh Gelar Sarjana Strata Satu Pendidikan Islam pemah diajukan untuk memperoleh gelar kesarjanaan di suatu perguruan tinggi, dan skripsi saya ini adalah asli hasil karya atau penelitian sendiri bukan plagiasi dari hasil karya atau penelitian orang lain. Demikian surat pernyataan ini saya buat dengan sesungguhnya agar dapat diketahui oleh anggota dewan penguji. Sudah dapat diajukan kepada Program Studi PGMI Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta sebagai salah satu syarat untuk memperoleh gelar Sarjana Strata Satu dalam bidang Pendidikan Islam. Dengan ini kami mengharap agar skripsi / tugas akhir saudara tersebut di atas dapat segera dimunaqosyahkan. Atas perhatiannya kami ucapkan terima kasih. ‫َﻧﺎﺼﺣوْاﻔ ِاﻠْﻌﻠْم،وﻻﻴَﻜْﺘمْﺒﻌْﻀﻜمْﺒﻌْﺿﺎ، َ ِن ِﻴ َ َ ً ِﻰاﻠْ ِﻠْ َِ َدﻤنْﺨِ َﺎ َ ٍ ِﻰا‬ ‫ﺘ َ َ ُ ﻰ ِ ِ َ َ ُ َ ُ ُ َ ً ﻓﺈ ّﺨ ﺎﻨﺔﻓ ﻌ مأﺸ ّ ِ ﻴ ﻨتﻓ‬ ُ َ (‫ﻠْ َﺎل)أﺑوﻨﻌﻴم‬ ِ ‫ﻤ‬ “Saling berlakulah jujur dalam ilmu dan jangan saling merahasiakannya. Sesungguhnya berkhianat dalam ilmu pengetahuan lebih berat hukumannya daripada berkhianat dalam harta.” (HR. Abu Na’im)...

PRE-AWARD AUDIT UNTUK PENGADAAN BARANG JASA ...

PRE-AWARD AUDIT UNTUK PENGADAAN BARANG JASA SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENINGKATAN PERAN APIP Pengadaan barang/jasa masih menjadi primadona bagi pelaku korupsi di Indonesia. Kondisi ini diperburuk dengan APIP yang masih mengandalkan post audit yaitu melakukan audit setelah proses pengadaan barang jasa selesai. Dengan post audit peran APIP sebagai quality assurance proses pengadanaan barang/jasa kurang optimal dimana penghematan dan best value of money tidak tercapai optimal. Alternatif terbaik bagi APIP adalah lebih banyak melakukan current audit untuk menghasilkan penghematan. Korupsi di Indonesia paling banyak dilakukan lewat modus pengadaan barang/jasa pemerintah. Proyek Fasilitas Olah Raga di Hambalang, Bogor dengan nilai Rp 2,5 Trilyun menurut BPK terdapat indikasi kerugian negara Rp 243,66 milliar (Kompas.com, 31 Oktober 2012), Proyek simulator SIM senilai Rp 196 milliar diduga dikorupsi sehingga menimbulkan kerugian Negara sebesar Rp 144 milliar (Tempo.com, 24 April 2012), dan Proyek pengadaan Al-quran dan Laboratorium yang membagi-bagi fee Rp. 103,2 milliar (Kompas.com, 6 Mei 2013). Data di atas menunjukkan bahwa seandainya uang tersebut dapat dicegah sebelum terjadi transaksi pengadaan barang/jasa dapat dibayangkan penghematan yang dapat dilakukan. Pengalaman Negara Amerika Serikat dalam menerapkan pre-award audit berhasil menghemat anggaran Negara dengan cukup signifikan. Laporan US Government Accountability Office atas manajemen pengadaan barang/jasa di lingkungan Veterans Affairs Federal Supply Schedule dari tahun 1999 sampai dengan 2004 menunjukkan penghematan besar dari penerapan pre-award audit dibandingkan dengan post-award audit. Tabel 1 menunjukkan hasil penghematan yang bisa dilakukan melalui audit pre award dan audit post award dalam proses pengadaan barang/jasa bidang kesehatan dimana pre award menghasilkan penghematan yang lebih besar dibandingkan dengan post award. Dalam kurun waktu 5 (lima) tahun terakhir penghematan melalui pre award mencapai 62,68 % dari total penghematan yang mencapai $ 240,6 millon. Pengalaman Amerika Serikat menghemat anggaran Negara dari pengadaan barang/jasa melalui penerapan pre award bisa memberikan inspirasi bagi APIP melakukan audit pengadaan barang/jasa dengan pre award. Ketika para auditor hanya terlibat pada akhir proses pengadaan barang/jasa (post award) maka penghematan biaya/anggaran publik sering tidak tercapai. 2. Pembahasan 2.1 Apakah pre-award audit Sesuai dengan pembahasan dalam Forum Komunikasi JFA dan Kepegawaian tahun 2010, preaward audit didefinisikan sebagai audit yang dilaksanakan untuk memberikan keyakinan yang memadai bahwa calon penyedia barang/jasa yang diusulkan oleh panitia pengadaan memiliki kelayakan/kemampuan kerja dan keuangan untuk melaksanakan kontrak serta harga yang ditawarkan adalah wajar dan secara ekonomis menguntungkan negara. Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) mendefinisikan pre-award audit sebagai “an evaluation of a prospective contractor’s capability to perform a proposed contract” (FAR, 2005). USAID dalam Contract Information Bulletin 92-16 menyatakan bahwa “A pre-award audit is a tool that the contracting officer can use to acquire information in order to determine the reasonableness of the offeror's proposed cost or price. The pre-award audit is a detailed analysis of the proposal, and contains information on the basis and method used by the offeror in proposal preparation, and any discrepancies in the way in which the cost or pricing data were used in preparing the proposal. (USAID, 1992). Dari penjelasan di atas maka pre-award audit merupakan audit atas kemampuan calon kontraktor /penawar (offeror) menyelesaikan pekerjaan dan memastikan biaya atau harga yang diajukan dalam penawaran merupakan biaya dan harga yang rasional. Tujuan utama dari pre-award audit antara lain sebagai upaya pencegahan korupsi, kolusi, dan nepotisme dalam proses pengadaan barang/jasa. Disamping tujuan tersebut, pre-award audit juga bertujuan memberikan pendapat (quality assurance) bahwa proses pengadaan barang/jasa telah taat pada peraturan, kemampuan penyedia barang/jasa menyelesaikan pekerjaan , dan kewajaran harga penawaran...

CmpSci 491IP, iOS Programming Spring 2013, TuTh 9:30 - 10:45 ...

CmpSci 491IP, iOS Programming Book: Beginning iPhone 6 Development, Dave Mark and Jeff LaMarche, Apress. Currently only available as an e-book, direct from publisher Optional Reference: Programming in Objective-C 2.0, 2nd Edition, Stephen Kochan, Addison Wesley In this seminar we will be exploring how to program Apple iDevices. While they are just plain cool and fun to work with, the “serious intellectual motivation” for our work is that mobile platforms are now a major part of the industry, and present special challenges such as limited power, memory, and screen space. They also offer some exciting hardware features such as touch-screen, accelerometer, location awareness, camera, sound, etc., and of course extreme portability, that make possible some innovative applications. Learning ObjectiveC and the Cocoa Touch API is, like learning any new language, a good exercise to develop mental flexibility and new perspectives on how languages and OO libraries can be designed. We are jumping to iOS 6, even though books and resources for learning it are still scarce because it presents new approaches and paradigms that are likely to last a while. However, many of the basics remain the same. So we’ll start with basics, and then later will transition to iOS 6 specific features as necessary and depending on people’s interests. Because this is a seminar, there is flexibility to explore different aspects of the APIs, and because the library is huge, we can’t hope to cover it all. The class will be run as a seminar in which students prepare and give presentations. Initially, I’ll do a few lectures to lay some groundwork and provide time for you to prepare. At least a week before your presentation, you should schedule a time with me to plan what you will do with your time. You have an hour or more, and I expect you to use it. Your presentations can begin with walking the class through examples from the book, but part of the grading of them will be in how much you take us beyond the book. If you have a laptop that can run XCode and the iPhone simulator, you should always bring it to class, because we’ll be actively going through examples, testing out ideas, sharing what we discover, and sometimes helping each other with solving problems. Later in the semester, we’ll switch into project mode. You’ll be developing a project proposal for an app, including a simple business plan, schedule, and so on. Projects can be done individually or in a team. During that phase, some class time will be devoted to project reviews and demos, working as a group to come up with solutions to problems, etc. Projects will be proposed and get under way while we are still in the first phase of the course. ..

Heart Attack Symptoms and Calling 9-1-1 Campaign for Spanish ...

Heart Attack Symptoms and Calling 9-1-1 Campaign for Spanish Speaking Women Proposals must be received no later than November 1, 2012, at 5:00 p.m. Mountain Time. Please submit proposals in Microsoft Word or PDF format to owhapplication@jsi.com or mail to JSI, ATTN: Jodie Albert, 1725 Blake Street, Suite 400, Denver, Colorado 80202. Please DO NOT submit proposals to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office on Women’s Health (OWH) or the Regional Offices on Women’s Health. Please read and follow all instructions prior to preparing and submitting your proposal. B. Funding Available Funding is available for activities and events in support of the Spanish language awareness campaign, “Make The Call. Don’t Miss a Beat”. Building upon the national public awareness begun under this campaign in 2011, the outreach focus of the campaign in 2013 is to encourage Spanish speaking Latinas from across the country over age 50 to recognize the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and to call 9-1-1 promptly. Community-based partnerships and collaborations with Hispanic/Latino organizations/entities are strongly encouraged and funding priority will be given to applicants demonstrating these partnerships. One $10,000 award will be made per DHHS region. This is a competitive process. All proposals will be reviewed by an objective technical review panel. Applicants will be notified by e-mail or mail by December 10, 2012 regarding funding decisions. C. Who Can Apply Funding is available to eligible entities located in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the six U.S.Affiliated Pacific Island Jurisdictions, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Eligible entities include public and private organizations, community- and faith-based organizations, health professionals’ organizations, colleges and universities, community health centers, hospitals, health departments, and tribal and urban Indian organizations. Organizations may submit only one proposal for this funding opportunity. If more than one proposal is submitted by any one organization, none of the proposals from that organization will be reviewed or considered for funding. An exception will be made for national organizations with affiliates where individually incorporated affiliates of the same national organization may each submit a proposal for consideration. An exception will also be made for universities with the caveat that different schools within the same university may not submit more than one proposal. Finally, organizations working together on the same project may only submit one proposal for that project. Background OWH was established in 1991 in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, within the Office of the Secretary. Its mission is to improve the health of American women by advancing and coordinating a comprehensive women’s health agenda throughout the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The HHS Office on Women’s Health is the government’s champion and primary agent for women’s health issues, working to redress inequities in research, health care services, and education that have historically placed the health of women at risk. OWH is the Department’s focal point for ensuring that women’s health policy, practice, and research are mutually informed and effectively integrated within HHS. OWH accomplishes this by collaborating with other federal and non-federal partners on behalf of women and girls. OWH provides leadership to promote equity for women and girls through sex and gender specific approaches. OWH has staff located in Washington, D.C. and a network of Regional Women’s Health Coordinators (RWHCs) located in each of the ten federal regions. The RWHCs coordinate and implement national public health initiatives to promote a greater focus on women's health issues at the regional, state, and local levels. The RWHCs advance the mission of the OWH by administering programs that improve the health of women in communities across the country and by coordinating activities in health care service delivery, research, and public and health professional education. Sensitivity to local, state, and regional needs in women's health is reflected in their work to identify priority health areas, to establish networking relationships, and to implement initiatives addressing regional women's health concerns. For additional information about the RWHCs and the regional offices.As part of its strategic plan, OWH continues to fund evidence-based interventions to address gaps in women’s health that are not addressed at the national level by any other public or private entity. ..

EECE 418 – Pre-proposal: The Interface on the LG Chocolate ...

EECE 418 – Pre-proposal: The Interface on the LG Chocolate TG800 Cellular Phone Description I have chosen the interface of the LG Chocolate TG800, a popular last-generation GSM cellular phone. The LG Chocolate was originally marketed as a mid-level slide-up camera phone for the style-conscientious user. The TG800 is a slide phone; the phone is unlocked and ready to receive input when the top section of the cell phone is slid upwards, revealing a standard T9 keypad as indicated in the figure below. Figure 1: LG Chocolate TG800 Slide Phone The entire region surrounding and inside the silver box on the top of the phone acts as nine different buttons, all of which are touch-sensitive. On either side of the phone are two tactile buttons. The three interface problems I am addressing with the TG800 are: 1. User has no visual cues to suggest what the four short-cut arrows do. 2. The button which allows the user to access certain features during a call (such as to hold the call or mute) is immediately adjacent to the end-call button. 3. The buttons on one side of the phone allows for volume adjustments while the buttons on the other side of the phone allows the user to turn off the phone or hang up; it is easy to accidentally press the power button when we simply wish to adjust the volume. These problems will be explained in further detail in the next section. Analysis The LG Chocolate interface allows the user to access the various functions of the phone; the user can make a call, take photos with the built-in camera or listen to music stored on the internal memory, and perform many other tasks through the phone interface. As with most cellular phones, the user demographics of the LG Chocolate are extremely wide and varied. While the product may have been marketed towards young, style-savvy users, the LG Chocolate has been adopted by members of other demographics. The following is a very small sampling of possible functional and non-functional requirements of the LG Chocolate phone: Functional Requirements: 1. The interface must allow for the user to make calls from the default state by either inputting the number to be dialed on the keypad or the user may scroll through the contact list and select a contact to call. 2. The interface must allow for the user to access the phone’s additional features including the camera, media player, etc. 3. The interface must allow for the user to quickly answer incoming calls and disconnect when finished. 4. The interface must allow for the user to adjust the volume of the speaker during a call. 5. The interface must allow for the user to access advanced calling features mid-call. Non-Functional Requirements: 1. The interface must respond to user input in no more than 0.5 seconds at any given time. One major problem with the interface of the LG Chocolate is the use of the arrow shortcut keys. The arrow keys on the touch pad allow the user to navigate menus in a self-explanatory manner. However, when the phone is in the default state, immediately after sliding the cover up and unlocking the phone, the four arrows are mapped to different functions, allowing the user to bypass the traditional menu screen and access specific components of the phone’s features quickly. However, since there are no visual cues to represent what the arrows do, the user must rely solely on memory to determine which features map to these shortcut arrows. Unless the user remembers exactly what the arrows do, it is more efficient to simply navigate through the traditional menu system. Another problem with the LG Chocolate interface is that in order to access the phone’s...

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