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soal dan penyelesaian integral

Procedimiento: INFORME MENSUAL SOBRE EL REPORTE DE PAGO

DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE ADMINISTRACIÓN EN LA SECRETARÍA DE DESARROLLO SOCIAL PROCEDIMIENTO INFORME MENSUAL SOBRE EL REPORTE DE PAGO DE IMPUESTOS (DGAP-01) e del Procedimiento: INFORME MENSUAL SOBRE EL REPORTE DE PAGO DE IMPUESTOS (DGAP-01) OBJETIVO GENERAL Elaborar el informe mensual sobre el reporte de pago de impuestos de los trabajadores• por concepto de sueldos y salarios, honorarios, asimilados a salarios, arrendamientos y personal eventual, dando cumplimiento de las Obligaciones Fiscales en Materia de Impuesto sobre Nóminas, Impuesto al Valor Agregado y Retenciones de Impuesto sobre la Renta, presentados en forma simplificada los impuestos generados recursos presupuéstales. POLÍTICAS Y/O NORMAS DE OPERACIÓN Impuesto Sobre la Renta (ISR) retenido de conformidad con lo dispuesto en los Artículos• 113 y 114 de la Ley del ISR vigente. Impuesto Sobre Nominas señalado en el Capitulo V del Titulo III del Libro Primero del• Código Financiero del Distrito Federal vigente. Los montos brutos, deberán ser anotados sin decimales.• Se deberán de respetar la estructura del formato.• La presentación será de conformidad con el calendario establecido por la Dirección• General de Administración de Personal. Circular Uno 2005• Glosario de Términos Dirección General de Administración; Dirección General de Administración en la• Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (DGASDS). Dirección General de Administración de Personal (DGAP) de la Oficialía Mayor (OM).• Sistema Integral Desconcentrado de Nómina (SIDEN).• Impuesto Sobre Nómina (ISN).• 1 d FIN DEL PROCEDIMIENTO ANDREA GRANADOS TORRES J.U.D. DE NÓMINAS Y MOVIMIENTOS DE PERSONAL 2 Mediante las Rs. Gs. AFIP Nros. 3073/2011 y 3074/2011, se incrementaron los montos del mínimo no imponible, la deducción especial y las deducciones por cargas de familia para empleados en relación de dependencia y autónomos, con efecto a partir de mayo de 2011 para las retenciones efectuadas a los primeros y, de junio de 2011 para los anticipos de los segundos, respectivamente. 3 Originados en el aumento de la base imponible máxima, que pasó de $ 11.829,21 en el primer trimestre de 2011 a $ 16.213,72 en el primero del corriente año. 4 El impuesto determinado por estas sociedades es el segundo en importancia, después del de las que cierran ejercicio en diciembre.ía..

auditoria especial a impuestos del municipio de villavicencio

NFORME FINAL DE AUDITORÍA GUBERNAMENTAL CON ENFOQUE ESPECIAL SECRETARIA DE HACIENDA-DIRECCION DE IMPUESTOS MUNICIPALES DE VILLAVICENCIO Dictamen integral Hechos relevantes Resultados de la auditoria Seguimiento al plan de mejoramiento auditoría realizada en el 2009. Generalidades de los impuestos municipales Impuesto de delineación urbana Comportamiento del recaudo del impuesto de delineciacion urbana y construccion. Impuesto de industria y comercio Comportamiento del recaudo del impuesto de industria y comercio 2008 - 2009. Cartera de industria y comercio Fiscalizacion Impuesto predial unificado Comportamiento del recaudo del impuesto predial 2008 - 2009. Cartera de impuesto predial Deuda con proceso en cobro coactivo Deuda sin proceso en cobro coactivo Juzgados de ejecuciones fiscales Impuesto de sobretasa a la gasolina Comportamiento del recaudo del impuesto de sobretasa a la gasolina 2008 2009. Avances realizados por la administracion Conclusiones Cuadro de resumen de hallazgos INTRODUCCION La Contraloría Municipal de Villavicencio, en desarrollo de su función constitucional y legal y en cumplimiento de su Plan General de Auditoría 2010, practicó Auditoría Gubernamental con Enfoque Especial a la Secretaria de Hacienda-Dirección de Impuestos Municipales de Villavicencio. En desarrollo del ejercicio de control fiscal, este Organismo de Control practico Auditoría a las operaciones adelantadas durante las vigencia 2009 al impuesto de Delineación urbana y construcción, Industria y Comercio, predial unificado y sobretasa a la gasolina con el fin de Evaluar y establecer la gestión realizada por la administración respecto a el control, fiscalización, liquidación, recaudo y cobro de los impuestos de conformidad con las normas legales, estatutarias y procedimientos aplicables. Conforme a los requerimientos presentados en el Encargo de Auditoría y los resultados de la fase de Planeación plasmados en el Memorando respectivo, la Auditoría se centró en la evaluación y verificación de los recaudos de los Impuestos de Delineación urbana y construcción, Predial Unificado, sobretasa a la gasolina e Industria y Comercio. Dada la importancia que la Secretaría de Hacienda-Dirección de Impuestos Municipales tiene para la Alcaldía Municipal y la ciudad, la Contraloría Municipal de Villavicencio espera que este informe contribuya al mejoramiento de los procedimientos implmentados para el cobro de los Impuestos, lo cual constituye un aporte muy importante en la eficiente administración de los recursos públicos del Municipio, posibilitando el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida de los ciudadanos, fin último de la administración pública...

Auditoría - Contraloría Municipal de Itagüí

INFORME AUDITORÍA 13-2012 ESPECIAL A LOS IMPUESTOS DEL MUNICIPIO DE ITAGÜÍ Código: FO-AI-10 INFORME DE AUDITORÍA INTRODUCCIÓN La Contraloría Municipal de Itagüí, en cumplimiento de las funciones asignadas en el Artículo 272 de la Constitución Política y en la Ley 42 de 1993 y de acuerdo con los procedimientos propios del Sistema de Gestión de la Calidad NTC ISO 9001:2008, establecidos por la Contraloría Municipal de Itagüí, realizó Auditoría especial a los impuestos del Municipio de Itagüí, periodo 2008 a 2011. La evaluación se realizó a los soportes documentales correspondientes a cada uno de los procesos inherentes a la línea de auditoría de Gestión y Resultados. Como metodología de obtención de evidencias, se realizó la verificación directa de los documentos soportes de la gestión realizada, en la Secretaría de Hacienda, área responsable de ejecutar los diferentes procesos evaluados, y de la información suministrada a este organismo de control fiscal. Las observaciones evidenciadas en el proceso auditor, se dieron a conocer a la administración municipal, mediante el oficio con radicado CMI 1335 del 14 de agosto de 2012, habiendo hecho uso la entidad del derecho de contradicción mediante el oficio con radicado CMI 834 del 24 de agosto de 2012. Del análisis de la respuesta, se concluye que las 19 observaciones se mantienen, toda vez que estos no fueron desvirtuados con la respuesta que la administración municipal brindó. Con este informe, basado en los soportes suministrados por las áreas auditadas durante el proceso auditor y con ocasión de la rendición de cuentas de la entidad auditada, la Contraloría pretende contribuir al mejoramiento continuo en el manejo de los recursos públicos, lo cual redundará en el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida de los ciudadanos del municipio de itagui. DICTAMEN INTEGRAL 1.1 ALCANCE Con fundamento en las atribuciones constitucionales y legales concedidas a la Contraloría Municipal de Itagüí, en especial con las contenidas en el Artículo 272 de la Constitución Política, y en la Ley 42 de 1993, se practicó auditoría especial a los impuestos del Municipio de Itagüí, vigencia 2008 - 2011. El análisis se realizó a los soportes documentales correspondientes a los procesos de presupuesto, contratación, y gestión y resultados. 1.2 CONCEPTO SOBRE LA GESTIÓN Y LOS RESULTADOS Del análisis efectuado, se concluye que el área auditada no cumplió con los principios de responsabilidad y planeación. Por lo tanto, deben adoptarse medidas tendientes a maximizar el proceso, los fundamentos de este pronunciamiento, se amplían en el numeral 2 “RESULTADOS DE LA AUDITORÍA”. Plan de mejoramiento: La administración municipal debe formular en un termino no mayor de quince días (15) un plan de mejoramiento tendiente a subsanar las irregularidades y falencias detectadas en el proceso auditor, las cuales se detallan en el numeral 2 del presente informe, el cual debe ser rendido haciendo uso del Sistema Electrónico de Rendición de Cuentas – SIEREC ...

Membrane Keypads PDF - Knitter-Switch

Keypads brochure_PRINT.qxd 14/5/07 10:24 am Page 1 knitter-switch Keypads Membrane Keypads elektrotechnische erzeugnisse · Knitter & Co. KG Neue Poststrasse 17 · Postfach 10 02 33 · 85598 Baldham Tel: +49 (0)8106-36 21 0 · Fax: +49 (0)8106-36 21 40 E-mail: info@knitter-switch.com · www.knitter-switch.com S u c c u r s a l e 6C, avenue de l’Europe · F-78117 Toussus-le-Noble Tél: +33 (0)1 39 07 44 84 · Fax: +33 (0)1 39 56 28 83 E-mail: ksfrance@knitter-switch.com · www.knitter-switch.com U K L i m i t e d A s e a n C h i n a Please sketch out your keypad layout and return to us (See back page for address details) Membrane Keypads F r a n c e Grove House · Lutyens Close · Chineham Court · Basingstoke RG24 8AG · Tel: +44 (0)1256 338670 · Fax: +44 (0)1256 338671 E-mail: ksuk@knitter-switch.com · www.knitter-switch.com BLK 924 Hougang Ave 9 · #09-58 Singapore 530924 Te l : + 6 5 6 3 8 7 8 2 5 3 · F a x : + 6 5 6 3 8 7 8 2 5 3 E-mail: d.wong@knitter-switch.com · www.knitter-switch.com Suite 1220, 12/F · KingWay Building · 4051 JiaBin Road Luohu District · Shenzhen · China Zip Code: 518001 Tel: +86-755-2558 9901 / 9902 · Fax: +86-755-2558 0944 E-mail: a.zhong@knitter-switch.com · www.knitter-switch.com Rubber Keypads Rubber Keypads Keypads brochure_PRINT.qxd 14/5/07 12:02 pm Page 4 knitter-switch Overview knitter-switch is a manufacturer of switches. Since its foundation in 1966, knitter-switch Keypads Membrane Switch Structure Flat Type (Non-Tactile) Company knitter-switch has remained at the forefront of Department switch technology and now provides an unrivalled range of Graphic overlay switching solutions from basic toggle types to tact Attention switches and membrane and rubber keypads for today’s Address most complex and demanding control applications. Upper spacer with adhesive Postcode knitter-switch continues to design new switching Phone Printed circuit while ensuring compliance to continuously evolving legislation. We offer the most complete range of switches Fax Email solutions, employing the latest technologies and materials Web Back adhesive available to design engineers and bring the added Membrane Requirements benefits of a local design service, fast turn around on quotations and production quality prototypes together Graphic Layer Tactile Type knitter-switch has its headquarters near Munich, Germany and has subsidiary companies in the UK, France and Asia and strategic alliances with a number of leading POLYDOME global distributors. Embossed graphic overlay with upper circuit Membrane and Rubber Keypads made simple by knitter-switch Spacer with adhesive Membrane keypads offer a unique combination of Lower circuit features to enable fast and simple supply of customer- LEDs Overall size Are embedded LEDs required What finish is required (matt, gloss or selective texture) Number and colour Will a separate tail be required Are windows required Size Tail position and length Position Position of tail – exit from side and rear Do they need to be tinted Type of connector (if required) Is embossing required Back adhesive specific keypads. High quality products, designed in Pillow or rim Germany and manufactured in Asia to ensure competitive prices, are backed up by local design and sales support Please detach along perforation with Far East pricing. METAL DOME If ZIF connector being used, get type for ref. Number of colours to ensure fast and accurate communications and rapid delivery of each customer's requirements. Embossed graphic overlay Switches Switches are available in flat, poly-domed and metaldomed types, giving a variety of levels of tactile feedback, Mounting spacer with adhesive All knitter-switch membrane keypad designs are tested for resistance to surface scratching, thermal shock, electrical ratings and operating lifetime. Silicone rubber keypads are manufactured from elastic, Mounting spacer Tactile or non-tactile Insert legends Luminescent inks Metal dome Other Lower spacer with adhesive non-toxic silicone rubber compounds. Silicone keypads are processed from compression or injection molding. Any special features required If tactile: polydome or metal dome and life expectancy in excess of one million operations. Number Metal means higher unit cost, lower tool cost. Polydome means lower unit cost, higher tool cost. Detail of switch matrix Lower circuit The result is an economic and reliable keypad for small, medium and large production runs. Silicone keypads can be integrated with printed circuit boards or flexible circuits and have excellent resistance to temperature and aging. Back adhesive Please complete this questionnaire and return to us with your sketch overleaf (See back page for address details) Keypads brochure_PRINT.qxd 16/4/07 10:06 am Page 9 Membrane Keypad Structure Membrane & Rubber Keypads Overlay / Upper Circuit • Flat or Embossed Buttons • Conductive Carbon or Silver Printed Contacts Membrane Keypads • Graphic overlay only or full switching membrane Termination to suit Application Spacer • Metal or polydome contacts • Tactile or non-tactile feel • Integral SMD LEDS • LCD windows Metal Domes or Polydome Tactile • ESD/RFI shielding • Insertable legend options Lower Circuit and LEDs embedded Rubber Keypads • Backlighting options Insulation Printing Adhesive Tape • Various coatings eg epoxy, polyurethane • Harder rubber options to give ‘plastic’ feel • Various travel /operating force options • Combination with tactile switches • Wide variation of colours and designs • Plastic key tops available Overlay Metal Domes Spacer Lower Circuit Adhesive Cross Section Reference Materials Overlay Polycarbonate Film (PC) – Matt or Glossy surface Thickness (mm): 0.075, 0.125, 0.175, 0.250, 0.375, 0.500 Polyester Film (PET) with UV-cured texture coating – Matt or Glossy surface Thickness (mm): 0.15, 0.20, 0.25 Standard Specification for Membrane Keypad Polyester Film (PET) Adhesive Adhesive Double Tape Operation Current <100 mA Open Circuit Resistance >10 Meg Ohms 30g ~ 500g Operation Temperature -20°C ~ +70°C -20°C ~ +70°C 5 x 10 5 ~ 10 x 10 5 cycles Switch Stroke (travel) 0.1mm ~ 0.6mm Contact Bounce 5 ~ 30 mSec Carbon Ink, Conductive Silver Paste or Metal Domes Spacer <35 VDC Life Expectancy Conductive Operation Voltage Operation Temperature Polyester Film (PET) – Thickness (mm): 0.075, 0.100, 0.125 10 ~ 500 Ohms Operation Force Circuit Layer Contact Resistance Keypads brochure_PRINT.qxd 16/4/07 10:05 am Page 7 Rubber Keypad Design Basic Construction Illustration Rubber Keypad Design Life Test Some Special Design Illustrations Section 1 Top Surface Optional Colour / Shore A Side-Wall (Web) Air Path Stroke 2. Push or pull thru to anchor keypad to PCB Different hardnesses and colors available Conductive pill 3. Back lighting – option 1 Front panel Conductive pill RUbber Rubber 150 Actuation Force Mounting Hole 1. Different shorehardnesses in the basic keypad and key (g) Operating life depends on: • Soft Material ... 50 Shore is preferred. • Low Stroke ... less than 1mm. • Angle (as part A illustrated above) ... 40-degree is recommended. • Length of side-wall (as part B illustrated above) • Thickness of side-wall (as part C illustrated above) ... determined by key structure. The thicker the web, the higher the operating force. Conductive Part (Contact) Section 2 B C LED PCB PCB Conductive pill 100 50 50 PCB 100 4. Squared key top design with LED light pipe Initial stage 3,000,000 cycles Initial stage 3,000,000 cycles 1.0 1.0 6. Control of travel distance Plastic key top Conductive printed Light pipe LED Conductive pill Rubber 0.6 5. Back lighting – option 2 Rubber Rubber PCB 2.0 2.5 PCB Stroke (mm) SMD LED Tolerance Requirement of Silicone Rubber Key Dimensions: 0 ~ 10mm 10 ~ 20mm 20 ~ 30mm 30 ~ 40mm 40 ~ 50mm 50 ~ 60mm 60 and above ± ± ± ± ± ± ± 0.10mm 0.15mm 0.20mm 0.25mm 0.30mm 0.35mm 0.6% Actuation Force: 50 ~ 60 grams 61 ~ 80 grams 81 ~ 100 grams 101 ~ 120 grams 121 ~ 150 grams 151 ~ 200 grams 201 and above ± ± ± ± ± ± ± Force-Stroke Curve of Rubber Keypad Special Design for Construction Ideas Force (gram) 15 grams 20 grams 25 grams 30 grams 35 grams 40 grams 25% 2 Tear Line Temperature for use Specific Gravity Tensile Strength Tear Strength Compression Set Elongation at Break Volume Resistivity Contact Resistance Contact Rating (DC) Contact Bounce Chattering Insulation Breakdown Colour Dielectric Constant Dielectric Tangent D A & B : dimensions of plastic a & b : dimension rubber P FP D-d = 1.5 ~ 2.0mm B b FG A-a у 0.5mm, B-b Ͼ 0.5mm M FU d 5 2 FC FR r C R 4 4 3 4 3 1mm ୏ R ୏ 1.25mm, 0.75mm ୏ r ୏ 1mm is better R Stroke (mm) O 6 a S2 Peak Force (Fmax) Max. Return Force Contact Force Min. Return Force (Fmin) Max. Return Force Drop Force (FD = FP – FC) Gap Force (FG = FP – FM) Stroke S1 S2 Peak Stroke Contact Stroke Location O P C R M Travel O-P P-C C-S S-R-M-O Original Point Peak Point Contact Point Return Point Max. Return Point Peak Force (FMAX) Contact Force Min. Return Force (FMIN) Gap Force (FG = FP – FM) 8 H 1. Typical outside radius is 1.0 to 1.5mm. 2. Minimum radius is 0.3mm. 3. Minimum inside radius is 0.2mm. 4. Spacing between the edges of a rubber dome and a guide hole is 1.0mm or more. 5. Guide holes are min. 1.0mm in diameter. 6. The width of a rubber dome base is typically 2.0mm more than a. 7. The minimum radius for the side edges of key top is 0.25mm. 8. The minimum radius for the top edges of key top is 0.2mm. H : the dimension of key tops & plastic S : the stroke of key pad F1 30 ~ 350 grams 0.5 ~ 3.0mm 500 ~ 2000 x1 x2 Guideline for Printing Artwork Design Button Graphics Full Surface Printing Graphics Off Center ± 0.3mm S 30 ~ 250 grams 0.7 ~ 2.5mm 500 ~ 2000 S Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses 30 ~ 150 grams 0.5 ~ 3.0mm 1000 ~ 3000 S Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses F F The above information and specifications are for reference only. Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses ± 0.5mm 0.5mm 30 ~ 200 grams 1.0 ~ 2.5mm 500 ~ 3000 S Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses 20 ~ 80 grams 0.2 ~ 1.0mm 500 ~ 10000 S Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses F Telephone, Remote Control, Toys, Games, Calculator, etc F Colour / Printing R 20 min 30 ~ 80 grams 2.0 ~ 4.0mm 5000 ~ 20000 S Telephone, Remote Control, Automotive, Radio, Toys, Calculator, etc Telephone, Remote Control, Toys, Measuring Instruments, Office Machine Patterns of Conductive Designs F Computer, Typewriter etc. Telephone, Typewriter, Test Instruments, etc. Typewriter, Household Appliances, Computer, etc. R 30 min Items Standard Sizes of Conductive Pill Conductive Pill Resistance Less than 150 ohms, with 125 grams loading Circle Ø1.5, Ø2, Ø2.5, Ø3, Ø3.5, Ø4, Ø4.5, Ø5, Ø6, Ø7, Ø8, Ø9, Ø10 Life 10 million (min.) Print Type Resistance Less than 500 ohms, with 125 grams loading Life 1 x 106 max. Square / Ellipse Recommended size of conductive ink printing contact is flexible. Flat Surface The above information and specifications are for reference only. Fc Fc : click force Fc : F1-F2 Ͼ 25g is better F2 H-S у 1.5mm S Typical Key Sections and Characteristics Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses P Force S1 Force FP FU FC FR FM FD FG t Depending on the size of contacts and keyboard layout. F P : diameter of post t : the gap between post & conductive pill P = 1.0mm is better t = 0.1-0.15mm is better R : the corner radius of plastic r : the corner radius of rubber 7 Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Silicone Rubber Non-Conductive Silicone -55°C ~ +250°C 1.15 90Kg /cm2 13Kgf /cm 10% (180°C x 22hrs.) 350% 8 x 1014 ohm cm – – – – 24 Kv/mm Colouring possible 4.2 (50Hz) 13% (50Hz) A a 1 S FD Guideline for Assembly Design Suitable Key Surface for Legend Printing: The commonly used colour for the underlay is medium-grey. Customers should provide us with the Pantone code or a colour specimen for both the key button and the legend. Keypads brochure_PRINT.qxd 16/4/07 10:05 am Page 7 Rubber Keypad Design Basic Construction Illustration Rubber Keypad Design Life Test Some Special Design Illustrations Section 1 Top Surface Optional Colour / Shore A Side-Wall (Web) Air Path Stroke 2. Push or pull thru to anchor keypad to PCB Different hardnesses and colors available Conductive pill 3. Back lighting – option 1 Front panel Conductive pill RUbber Rubber 150 Actuation Force Mounting Hole 1. Different shorehardnesses in the basic keypad and key (g) Operating life depends on: • Soft Material ... 50 Shore is preferred. • Low Stroke ... less than 1mm. • Angle (as part A illustrated above) ... 40-degree is recommended. • Length of side-wall (as part B illustrated above) • Thickness of side-wall (as part C illustrated above) ... determined by key structure. The thicker the web, the higher the operating force. Conductive Part (Contact) Section 2 B C LED PCB PCB Conductive pill 100 50 50 PCB 100 4. Squared key top design with LED light pipe Initial stage 3,000,000 cycles Initial stage 3,000,000 cycles 1.0 1.0 6. Control of travel distance Plastic key top Conductive printed Light pipe LED Conductive pill Rubber 0.6 5. Back lighting – option 2 Rubber Rubber PCB 2.0 2.5 PCB Stroke (mm) SMD LED Tolerance Requirement of Silicone Rubber Key Dimensions: 0 ~ 10mm 10 ~ 20mm 20 ~ 30mm 30 ~ 40mm 40 ~ 50mm 50 ~ 60mm 60 and above ± ± ± ± ± ± ± 0.10mm 0.15mm 0.20mm 0.25mm 0.30mm 0.35mm 0.6% Actuation Force: 50 ~ 60 grams 61 ~ 80 grams 81 ~ 100 grams 101 ~ 120 grams 121 ~ 150 grams 151 ~ 200 grams 201 and above ± ± ± ± ± ± ± Force-Stroke Curve of Rubber Keypad Special Design for Construction Ideas Force (gram) 15 grams 20 grams 25 grams 30 grams 35 grams 40 grams 25% 2 Tear Line Temperature for use Specific Gravity Tensile Strength Tear Strength Compression Set Elongation at Break Volume Resistivity Contact Resistance Contact Rating (DC) Contact Bounce Chattering Insulation Breakdown Colour Dielectric Constant Dielectric Tangent D A & B : dimensions of plastic a & b : dimension rubber P FP D-d = 1.5 ~ 2.0mm B b FG A-a у 0.5mm, B-b Ͼ 0.5mm M FU d 5 2 FC FR r C R 4 4 3 4 3 1mm ୏ R ୏ 1.25mm, 0.75mm ୏ r ୏ 1mm is better R Stroke (mm) O 6 a S2 Peak Force (Fmax) Max. Return Force Contact Force Min. Return Force (Fmin) Max. Return Force Drop Force (FD = FP – FC) Gap Force (FG = FP – FM) Stroke S1 S2 Peak Stroke Contact Stroke Location O P C R M Travel O-P P-C C-S S-R-M-O Original Point Peak Point Contact Point Return Point Max. Return Point Peak Force (FMAX) Contact Force Min. Return Force (FMIN) Gap Force (FG = FP – FM) 8 H 1. Typical outside radius is 1.0 to 1.5mm. 2. Minimum radius is 0.3mm. 3. Minimum inside radius is 0.2mm. 4. Spacing between the edges of a rubber dome and a guide hole is 1.0mm or more. 5. Guide holes are min. 1.0mm in diameter. 6. The width of a rubber dome base is typically 2.0mm more than a. 7. The minimum radius for the side edges of key top is 0.25mm. 8. The minimum radius for the top edges of key top is 0.2mm. H : the dimension of key tops & plastic S : the stroke of key pad F1 30 ~ 350 grams 0.5 ~ 3.0mm 500 ~ 2000 x1 x2 Guideline for Printing Artwork Design Button Graphics Full Surface Printing Graphics Off Center ± 0.3mm S 30 ~ 250 grams 0.7 ~ 2.5mm 500 ~ 2000 S Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses 30 ~ 150 grams 0.5 ~ 3.0mm 1000 ~ 3000 S Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses F F The above information and specifications are for reference only. Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses ± 0.5mm 0.5mm 30 ~ 200 grams 1.0 ~ 2.5mm 500 ~ 3000 S Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses 20 ~ 80 grams 0.2 ~ 1.0mm 500 ~ 10000 S Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses F Telephone, Remote Control, Toys, Games, Calculator, etc F Colour / Printing R 20 min 30 ~ 80 grams 2.0 ~ 4.0mm 5000 ~ 20000 S Telephone, Remote Control, Automotive, Radio, Toys, Calculator, etc Telephone, Remote Control, Toys, Measuring Instruments, Office Machine Patterns of Conductive Designs F Computer, Typewriter etc. Telephone, Typewriter, Test Instruments, etc. Typewriter, Household Appliances, Computer, etc. R 30 min Items Standard Sizes of Conductive Pill Conductive Pill Resistance Less than 150 ohms, with 125 grams loading Circle Ø1.5, Ø2, Ø2.5, Ø3, Ø3.5, Ø4, Ø4.5, Ø5, Ø6, Ø7, Ø8, Ø9, Ø10 Life 10 million (min.) Print Type Resistance Less than 500 ohms, with 125 grams loading Life 1 x 106 max. Square / Ellipse Recommended size of conductive ink printing contact is flexible. Flat Surface The above information and specifications are for reference only. Fc Fc : click force Fc : F1-F2 Ͼ 25g is better F2 H-S у 1.5mm S Typical Key Sections and Characteristics Force Range Stroke Range Cycle Life (x103) Typical uses P Force S1 Force FP FU FC FR FM FD FG t Depending on the size of contacts and keyboard layout. F P : diameter of post t : the gap between post & conductive pill P = 1.0mm is better t = 0.1-0.15mm is better R : the corner radius of plastic r : the corner radius of rubber 7 Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Silicone Rubber Non-Conductive Silicone -55°C ~ +250°C 1.15 90Kg /cm2 13Kgf /cm 10% (180°C x 22hrs.) 350% 8 x 1014 ohm cm – – – – 24 Kv/mm Colouring possible 4.2 (50Hz) 13% (50Hz) A a 1 S FD Guideline for Assembly Design Suitable Key Surface for Legend Printing: The commonly used colour for the underlay is medium-grey. Customers should provide us with the Pantone code or a colour specimen for both the key button and the legend...

A Comparison of Energy Bugs for Smartphone Platforms

Bugs that cause reduced battery life in smartphones have been classified as energy bugs. The majority of previous research on energy bugs focused on the Android platform. The goal of this work is to identify the similarities and differences of energy bugs for the Android, iOS and Windows platforms, based on which, we can then determine whether the techniques of managing energy bugs developed for one platform can be potentially applicable in other platforms. Our results show that applications in Android and Windows share similar root causes for leading to battery drain, but energy bugs in iOS applications are produced differently. Our conclusions are drawn based on a comparison of power models for the three platforms and an analysis of the bugs from 6 applications common to Android, iOS and Windows....Smartphones have been an integral part of our daily activities. An important factor that determines whether a smartphone is trustable for long running tasks, such as health monitoring or navigation, is its battery life. Due to the importance, there have been much work [1]–[4] on analyzing behaviors and root causes of energy bugs that can lead to battery drain. The majority of such work focus on Android applications, assuming the techniques developed for Android are generalizable to different smartphone platforms. Although intuitive, we believe that further evidences need to be drawn for such generalization, as the design philosophies of Java (for Android), ObjectiveC (for iOS) and .NET (for Windows) are different from one another....In summary, this paper performs a preliminary study on characterizing and comparing energy bugs across the Android, Windows and iOS platforms. Our contributions include: • identification and comparison of power models for the three smartphone platforms; • analysis and generalization of the energy bugs based on their root causes. The paper is organized as follows. In Section II, we present a comparison of power models for Android, Windows and iOS. In Section III, we explain the collection and analysis of the energy bugs. In Section IV, we present the related work, followed by a discussion in Section V and the conclusions in Section VI....

CARTA DE PRESENTACIÓN - Fundacion dejando Huellitas

CARTA DE PRESENTACIÓN. LA FUNDACION DEJANDO HUELLITAS es una organización privada sin ánimo de lucro, creada para contribuir al mejoramiento ...altamente comprometidos en el desarrollo de programas de calidad. Hemos desarrollado programas de apoyo a la atención integral de la primera infancia atendida por Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar, en zonas rurales de Cundinamarca, involucrando a la familia, la comunidad y el hogar. Los programas de la Fundación Dejando Huellitas son apoyados por empresas del sector privado, que creen al igual que nosotros, que la inversión en la primera infancia garantiza el futuro de Colombia; Es por esto que como Fundación siempre realizamos nuestra labor de manera participativa, invitando a unir esfuerzos hacia la mejora de la atención de la primera infancia de nuestros niñ@s Colombianos. Atentament...

How to Change the Oil in Your Car

Although it could get rather messy if you do it yourself, oil change in Anchorage, Alaska is one of the most integral part of auto maintenance. To analogize the importance of this task, if vehicles were humans, oil would be blood.

How to Change the Oil in Your Car

Although it could get rather messy if you do it yourself, oil change in Anchorage, Alaska is one of the most integral part of auto maintenance. To analogize the importance of this task, if vehicles were humans, oil would be blood.

Senior Dental Problems and Taking Care of Elderly

According to a 2012 report by the U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor & Pension, one in every four adults in the country will have no tooth remaining by the time they hit 65. Yet, tooth loss is not an integral part of anyone’s aging process.

Men’s Reproductive Function   Why Vitamin D is Important

Vitamin D is an important nutrient that contributes to one’s health and wellness. However, it is lesser known that is also integral in improving and maintaining the health of one’s male organ.

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