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JANE WILLIAMS, PhD, RN Dean and Professor of Nursing School of Nursing, Rhode Island College 600 Mt. Pleasant Avenue, Providence, RI 02908 TEL: 401 456-9608: FAX: 401 456-8206 Email: email@example.com CURRENT EMPLOYMENT Rhode Island College, Dean and Professor of Nursing, School of Nursing, 1975-present; initial appointment as assistant professor, 1975; appointed Professor, 1995, Department Chairperson, 2000, and Dean, 2007. EDUCATION University of Rhode Island, College of Nursing, Kingston, Rhode Island, Ph.D., Nursing, 1995. New York University, School of Education, New York, New York, M.A., Major in Education and Minor in Nursing, 1968; University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, Michigan, B.S.N. with Distinction, 1966. PUBLICATIONS Williams, J., Brumbaugh, M. & Vares, L., (2006), “Education to improve interdisciplinary practice of health care professionals: A pilot project”, Medicine & Health, Rhode Island, 89 (9), p. 312-313. Mosser, N., Williams, J. & Wood, C. (2006), “The use of progression testing throughout nursing programs: How two colleges promote success on NCLEX-RN”. Annual Review of Nursing Education. Vol.4, p. 305-319. Newman, M. and Williams, J. (2003) "Educating Nurses in Rhode Island: A lot of diversity in a little place", Journal of Cultural Diversity, Vol. 10, No. 3, p. 91-95. Williams, J., (2001) “The Clinical Notebook: Using Student Portfolios to Enhance Teaching and Learning, Journal of Nursing Education. Vol. 40, p. 135-137. Ferszt, G., Massotti, E., Miller, J. & Williams, J. (2000) “Art on Rounds: Research Study of an in-patient oncology unit”, Illness Crisis and Loss. Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 189-199. Williams, J. (1999) “When Interns Meet Managed Care” [Letter to the Editor]. New York Times, p. 30A. Williams, J., Wood, C., & Cunningham-Warburton, P. (1999) “A Narrative Study of Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia”. Oncology Nursing Forum. Vol. 26, pp. 1463-1468. Willliams, J. (1999) “Health Policy Tool Kit Helps Students to Get Involved”. ONS Newsletter, 14 (9) p 5.
930394-52 Rev. 12/22/05 4:21 PM Page 1 HYDRO-BOOST BRAKE BOOSTER Installation Guide 4. Enable ignition system and start the engine. 7. Check fluid level and add fluid if needed. 5. Turn the steering wheel from stop to stop several times. Do not hold it against the stop. 8. Again start engine and turn steering wheel from stop to stop several times (avoid turning fully against stops as much as possible). Recheck fluid level and fill as required. If there is evidence of fluid foaming, turn off engine and wait an hour for foam to clear. Lacks Power Assist Booster or Pedal Chatters X X X Looses Reserve Pressure HAIRPIN CLIP BRAKE PEDAL PUSHROD X PUSHROD SPACER PUSHROD BUSHING 6. Loosen the locknuts holding the HydroBoost unit to the firewall and then slide the linkage, nylon washers and brushing off the pedal pin. 4. Disconnect all hydraulic lines from the Hydro-Boost unit (pressure, steering gear and return lines). PRESSURE LINE MASTER CYLINDER HYDRO-BOOST SPACER X X X BRAKE LINES DO NOT DISCONNECT JDA356 STOP-LIGHT SWITCH 3. Separate the master cylinder from the mounting studs. N OT E : DO NOT disconnect the brake lines from the master cylinder unless necessary to avoid bending or damaging those lines. X Pedal Returns Slowly 5. Disconnect the Hydro-Boost pushrod linkage from the brake pedal. NOT E : It may be necessary to remove the stoplight switch from the brake pedal. If so, unplug the stoplight switch wires, remove the hairpin retainer, slide the switch off the pedal pin just far enough to permit removing the switch from the pin. Do not damage the switch. N OT E : Before beginning work, be sure vehicle is parked in a level area and that wheels are chocked to prevent unintentional movement. Read all of these instructions before attempting to install the HydroBoost unit. 2. Remove the nuts attaching the master cylinder to the Hydro-Boost unit.
Safety Recall No. 983 Brake Booster Vacuum Hose Models 2000-2001 (PL) Dodge and Plymouth Neon NOTE: This recall applies only to the above vehicles equipped with a: Ø 2.0L engine (“C” in the 8th VIN Position) built through March 21, 2001 (MDH 0321XX) or a Ø 2.0L High Output engine (“F” in the 8th VIN Position) built through April 11, 2001 (MDH 0411XX). IMPORTANT: Some of the involved vehicles may be in dealer new vehicle inventory. Federal law requires you to stop sale and complete this recall service on these vehicles before retail delivery. Dealers should also consider this requirement to apply to used vehicle inventory and should perform this recall on vehicles in for service. Involved vehicles can be determined by using the DIAL VIP System. Subject The brake booster vacuum hose on about 350,000 of the above vehicles may swell due to oil contamination and become disconnected. A disconnected hose could cause a loss of power brake assist and an increase in engine idle speed. This can increase stopping distance and cause an accident without warning. Repair The brake booster vacuum hose must be replaced. © Copyright 2001, DaimlerChrysler Corporation, All Rights Reserved Safety Recall No. 983 -- Brake Booster Vacuum Hose Page 2 Parts Information Each dealer to whom vehicles in the recall were invoiced (or the current dealer at the same street address) will receive enough Brake Booster Vacuum Hoses to service about 10% of those vehicles. Dealers should determine which brake booster vacuum hose is required for each vehicle at the time appointments are scheduled to assure that the correct part is available when the customer arrives. The vacuum hose for the vehicle to be serviced may be determined by: Ø Using the part code in the third column of the VIN list along with the following table (involved dealers); Ø Using the VIN and part number list electronically transmitted to DIAL System Function 53 (involved dealers); or...
Introduction Everybody knows that when you press your foot on the brake pedal the vehicle is supposed to stop. But how does the pressure from your foot get to the wheels with enough force to stop a heavy vehicle? In the following sections, we will study the systems and components required to allow brakes to work effectively. Course Objectives Upon completion of this course, technicians should understand and be able to apply their knowledge of: • • • • • • • • • • • • Brake functions and components Split hydraulic systems Master cylinder operations Balance control systems Power brake booster systems Disc brake operation Micrometer reading Drum brake operation Brake fluids Brake bleeding operations Brake lines and hoses Basic diagnosis Using the Job Sheets As you proceed through the online module, on some pages you will find links that will open a window with a printable procedure or job sheet containing hands-on lab activities based on the NATEF standards related to the content you are studying. When you come upon a procedure or job sheet link, click on it and print the job sheet for completion in the shop. See your instructor for guidance in completing the job sheets. Some jobs sheets will require supplemental materials such as a vehicle service manual, equipment manual, or other references. Brake System Functions Automotive brakes are designed to slow and stop a vehicle by transforming kinetic (motion) energy into heat energy. As the brake linings contact the drums/rotors they create friction which produces the heat energy. The intensity of the heat is proportional to the vehicle speed, the weight of the vehicle, and the quickness of the stop. Faster speeds, heavier vehicles, and quicker stops equal more heat. Automotive brake systems can be broken down into several different sub-systems (fig. 1): • Apply system • Boost system • Hydraulic system • Wheel brakes • Balance control system • Warning system (fig. 1) Base Brake Systems .
Welcome to the MCILEARN Series Your Webinar Will Begin Shortly Today’s Topic Shake Out: Vibration Analysis If you do not have an audio connection, dial 877-739-5904 and enter the Audio PIN number given to you on your screen © 2012 Motor Coach Industries Int'l, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved. Learning Objectives • Identify the different classifications of vehicle driveline vibrations • Begin to diagnose & locate the source of a vehicle driveline vibration • Provide a correction to eliminate the vibration from the vehicle © 2012 Motor Coach Industries Int'l, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved. Safety Message • Always use personal protection devices – Safety glasses, ear protection, etc • Always observe all safety precautions listed in the Maintenance Manual including but not limited to: – – – – – – Ensure coach is on a level surface Ensure parking brake is applied Chock wheels Always use jack stands Shut off batteries Utilize Lock Out/Tag Out procedures © 2012 Motor Coach Industries Int'l, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved. Vibration Identification: Identifying the Source of a Vibration © 2012 Motor Coach Industries Int'l, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved. Vibration Analysis Primary sources of vibrations • Tires & Wheels – Rims, tires, hub & drum assemblies • Driveline – Driveshaft & slip-joint, u-joints, yokes & flanges – Working angle of driveshaft • Engine & Transmission – Crankshaft, injectors & cylinders, vibration dampers, engine supports, exhaust...
GENERAL PROCEDURES Driveshaft Runout and Balancing Special Tool(s) Dial Indicator Gauge with Holding Fixture 100-002 (TOOL-4201-C) or equivalent Mastertech® Series MTS 4000 Driveline Balance and NVH Analyzer (Vetronix) 257-00018 or equivalent Driveshaft Inspection NOTE: Driveline vibration exhibits a higher frequency and lower amplitude than high-speed shake. Driveline vibration is directly related to the speed of the vehicle and is noticed at various speeds. Driveline vibration can be perceived as a tremor in the floorpan or heard as a rumble, hum or boom. NOTE: Refer to Specifications in this section for all runout specifications. 1. NOTE: Do not make any adjustments before carrying out a road test. Do not change the tire pressure or the vehicle load. Carry out a visual inspection of the vehicle. Operate the vehicle and verify the condition by reproducing it during the road test. • 2. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist. For additional information, refer to Section 100-02. • 3. The concern should be directly related to vehicle road speed, not affected by acceleration or deceleration or could not be reduced by coasting in NEUTRAL. The driveshaft should be kept at an angle equal to or close to the curb-weighted position. Use a twin-post hoist or a frame hoist with jackstands. Inspect the driveshaft for damage, undercoating or incorrectly seated U-joints. Rotate the driveshaft slowly by hand and feel for binding or end play in the U-joint trunnions. Remove the driveshaft. For additional information, refer to Section 205-01. Inspect the slip yoke splines for any galling, dirt, rust or incorrect lubrication. Clean the driveshaft or install new U-joints as necessary. Install a new driveshaft if damaged. After any corrections or new components are installed, recheck for the vibration at the road test speed.
– Drivelines and Universal Joints Universal Joint Maintenance • Most factory-installed universal joints are sealed and don’t require periodic lubrication • After-market replacement joints are equipped with a grease fitting and must be greased periodically Drive Shaft Problem Diagnosis • Road testing – Vehicle should be driven while accelerating and decelerating as well as at various steady speeds – Vibrations caused by worn U-joints usually occur while accelerating Types and Causes of Vibrations • High speed vibrations – Usually caused by driveshaft imbalance • Vibrations during acceleration – Usually caused by worn double Cardan joint ball and socket • Low speed vibrations – Usually caused by improper operating angles Noise Diagnosis • Clunking noise while accelerating from a dead stop – Usually caused by worn or damaged U-joint – Can be caused by problems including excessive clearance between slip joint and extension housing • Squeaking noise – Often caused by worn or poorly lubricated U-joint Reasons for Universal Joint Failure • Lack of lubrication • Pushing another car • Towing a trailer • Changing gears abruptly • Carrying heavy loads Steps in Lubricating U-Joints 1. Wipe off the nozzle of the fitting 2. Attach the hose of the grease gun to the fitting 3. Pump grease slowly into the fitting 4. Stop pumping when grease appears at the bearing cups Inspecting the Drive Shaft • Check for fluid leaks • Check the U-joints for signs of rust or leakage • Check for movement in the joint while trying to turn the yoke and the shaft in opposite directions • Check the drive shaft for dents, missing weights, and undercoating or dirt...
X-TYPE DATE 05/04 Amended 09/04 XT100-08 TECHNICAL BULLETIN SERVICE Driveshaft Vibration – Diagnostic Method – Repair MODEL 2002-04 MY X-TYPE VIN C00001-E02938 Remove and destroy Bulletin XT100-08, dated 05/04. Replace with this Bulletin. Revisions are marked with a bar and in bold text. Issue: A new procedure has been developed for use after the WDS Vehicle Vibration Analyzer (VVA) has confirmed a vehicle vibration. Action: After a driveshaft vibration has been confirmed using WDS VVA, follow the workshop procedure outlined below. WORKSHOP PROCEDURE Note: There is no Labor Time Allowance to carry out road test diagnosis. Jaguar recommends a claim of 0.50 hrs. as straight time for VVA. Warning: Driveshaft bolts are one-time use only. Use new bolts for the final repair. Existing bolts may be reused throughout the diagnostic procedures. Raise vehicle on twin-post lift. Check for alignment of the green line on the rear differential flange with white paint spot on the rear of the driveshaft. If not aligned continue from step 3; if aligned continue from step 16. Remove the rear driveshaft joint to rear differential flange bolts and links where accessible. Rotate the driveshaft and remove the remaining rear driveshaft joint to rear differential flange securing bolts and links. Displace driveshaft from the rear differential flange. Remove and discard the gasket from the rear differential flange (where installed). Clean the mating faces. Install a new gasket to the rear differential flange, if previously installed. NOTE: THE INFORMATION IN TECHNICAL BULLETINS IS INTENDED FOR USE BY TRAINED, PROFESSIONAL TECHNICIANS WITH THE KNOWLEDGE, TOOLS, AND EQUIPMENT TO DO THE JOB PROPERLY AND SAFELY. IT INFORMS THESE TECHNICIANS OF CONDITIONS THAT MAY OCCUR ON SOME VEHICLES, OR PROVIDES INFORMATION THAT COULD ASSIST IN PROPER VEHICLE SERVICE. THE PROCEDURES SHOULD NOT BE PERFORMED BY “DO-ITYOURSELFERS.” DO NOT ASSUME THAT A CONDITION DESCRIBED AFFECTS YOUR CAR. CONTACT A JAGUAR RETAILER TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE BULLETIN APPLIES TO YOUR VEHICLE. Date of issue 05/04 Amended 09/04
Vibration Diagnostics S tart 1 Gather Info When did vibration start? Where is vibration felt? What road conditions? Under load or high torque conditions? During acceleration/deceleration? Speed dependent? RPM dependent? Noise? Suspension modified recently? Lube clean and at proper level? 2 Important: Use factory service manuals and procedures and refer to all applicable safety precautions when servicing vehicles. This document is intended to assist with drivetrain vibration diagnosis. It does not guarantee an immediate solution nor does it guarantee warranty responsibility or reimbursement. Refer to Roadranger.com for Product Warranty Statements, Warranty Manual, and Warranty Guidelines. 6 Vibrations While Stationary Previous work on clutch or engine Y es In the road test in Step 2, the vehicle was run up to the suspected RPM and the transmission shift lever was placed in neutral. No Y es No If clutch work recently done, problem could be related to the clutch. Verify proper clutch was installed. If engine work recently done, problem could be related to the engine. Contact your engine distributor. 4 No Problem is related to the clutch. Road Test Have vehicle driver recreate complaint condition, if possible Leave trailer attached Run up to suspected RPM and put transmission in neutral Simulate Conditions Speed Related? Y es Does ride height meet OEM specs Y es No No Perform visual inspection and use Eaton Driveline Angle Analyzer (DAA). U-joint bearing cups and trunnions Bearing straps Flange yoke / companion flange Yoke-mounted damper Parking brake Center bearing Fasteners Driveshaft for damage / missing weights Driveshaft slip spline (wear / bottoming / inadequate engagement) Cab mounts / air ride system Correct per OEM procedures. Speed RPM Gear Position Coast Under power Loaded / Unloaded Problem Solved No Remove all drive axle shafts and lock in power divider. Run truck in same condition as when complaint occurred. Y es Done! Problem Solved Isolate Suspect Shaft No Y es Problem is related to the wheel end. Take known good wheel assembly and test replacement from wheel to wheel to isolate problem.