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sambutan pembuka pidato Islam

Case Study Political Geography and Al Qaeda Terrorism - Cengage ...

Why do the Islamic fundamentalists in general—and followers of al Qaeda in particular—resort to terrorist tactics against Americans and other Westerners around the globe? This question has haunted Americans since 9/11 and prompted a host of antiterrorist policies throughout the world. Much has been written and spoken on the subject, and more will be written and spoken in the years ahead. Political geography offers a frame of reference to learn about al Qaeda and other militant Islamic groups and their anti-West, anti–U.S. posture. To explore the point of view propounded by Osama bin Laden and others, this case study uses the five levels of analysis introduced in chapter three, examined here from a geopolitical perspective. The five levels of analysis are the: 1) international system, 2) regional, 3) state, 4) substate (tribal groups), and 5) individual. INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM LEVEL From the international system perspective, consider the following historical context of al Qaeda’s militant Islam. Militant Islamic fundamentalists and followers of Islam are heirs to one of the great civilizations of the world. While...

ISIS L has nothing to do with Islam. They are paid by Saudi Arabia to wipe out all Shiite governments in preparation of attack on Iran

SIS/L has nothing to do with Islam. They are paid by Saudi Arabia to wipe out all Shiite governments in preparation of attack on Iran. That is what Saudi Arabia financed in Syria

the shared trajectories of al qaeda and the ku klux klan

Thomas J. Ward serves as ihe Dean of the International College at the University of Bridgeport. He edited Development, Social justice, and Civil Society: An Introduction to the Political Economy of NGOs and has written numerous articles on comparative models of sodoeconomie development and the history of political thought, in 2009 he was appointed to the Policy Advisory Council on International Education tor the State of Connecticut. This article compares the numerous philosophical, organizational and operational parallels between Al Qaeda, a religious supremacist Islam, like Christianity and Hinduism, has had its advocates of peace and its advocates of violence, Mohandas organization, and the Ku Klux Klan, Gandhi and his Muslim counterpart a racial supremacist organization. Abdul Ghaffar Khan believed that their Unlike Germany and Japan after WWII, where pockets of resistance strategy of nonviolent, proactive resis were quelled quickly, the U.S. tance or satyagraba' was the most effec military presence in Iraq and tive vehicle for ending Britain's military, Afghanistan has met continued resistance. This prolonged resistance political, and economic occupation of is compared to the Klan in the South Asia and for realizing the Asian U.S. South. The Klan fought subcontinent's independence. Along inclusive democracy and pluralism for more than a century. In the with fellow Khudai Khidmatgars,2 a South, White Christians ultimately nonviolent army composed of devout opposed the Klan to the point Pashtun Muslims, Khan endured...

THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD - Discover the Networks

The Muslim Brotherhood (al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun) 1 was founded as an Islamic revivalist movement in the Egyptian town of Isma’iliyaa in March 1928 by school teacher Hassan al-Banna (1906-1949). 2 The Brotherhood’s goal has been to promote the implementation of Shari’ah (Islamic law derived from the Quran and the Sunnah). 3 Early in its history, the Brotherhood focused on education and charity. It soon became heavily involved in politics and remains a major player on the Egyptian political scene, despite the fact that it is an illegal organization. The movement has grown exponentially, from only 800 members in 1936, to over 2 million in 1948, to its current position as a pervasive international Sunni Islamist movement, with covert and overt branches in over 70 countries. “I did not want to enter into competition with the other orders,” al-Banna once said. “And I did not want it to be confined to one group of Muslims or one aspect of Islamic reform; rather I sought that it be a general message based on learning, education, and jihad.” 4 According to al-Banna, “It is the nature of Islam to dominate, not to be dominated, to impose its law on all nations and to extend its power to the entire planet.” 5 That helps explain the Muslim Brotherhood’s motto: “Allah ghayatuna Al-rasul za'imuna. Al-Qur'an dusturuna. Al-jihad sabiluna. Al-mawt fi sabil Allah asma amanina. Allah akbar, Allah akbar.” (“God is our goal, the Quran is our Constitution, the Prophet is our leader, struggle [jihad] is our way, and death in the service of God is the loftiest of our wishes. God is great. God is great.”) 6

Download the Al Qaeda full report - World Almanac of Islamism

Al-Qaeda QUICK FACTS Geographical Areas of Operation: East Asia, Eurasia, Europe, Latin America, Middle East and North Africa, North America, South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa Numerical Strength (Members): Exact numbers unknown Leadership: In May 2011, Osama Bin Laden was killed in Abbotabad, Pakistan during a raid by U.S. commandos. Al-Qaeda’s second-in-command, Ayman alZawahiri, was formally appointed as Bin Laden’s successor in June 2011. Religious Identification: Sunni Islam (Quick Facts courtesy of the U.S. State Department’s Country Reports on Terrorism) Al-Qaeda remains the most notorious Islamic terrorist group in existence today. In the years since it orchestrated the devastating September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, its former leader, Osama bin Laden, and its current chief, Ayman al-Zawahiri, have become internationally recognized figures and heroes to Islamists and aspiring jihadists the world over. Indeed, al-Qaeda has taken on a truly global reach, boasting such an array of groups affiliated with it and others that are simply stirred by its ideology to the point that it is often difficult to discern between the two.

Litvinjenkov otac misli da ga je Berezovski likvidirao

Sami Litvinjenko, iako jevrejin, je presao u Islam i bio vrlo aktivan u pomaganju Cecenskih terorista- pored njegovih ostalih veza sa raznim obavjestajnim sluzbama. ******* ЛИТВИЊЕНКО БЕРЕЗОВСКИ

Panduan penulisan Penerbitan Buku Teks - PDPT

Panduan Penulisan Buku Panduan ini merupakan petunjuk penulisan buku pelajaran (ilmiah populer) yang digunakan untuk menentukan kelayakan naskah bagi penerbit. Panduan ini membahas pengertian buku pelajaran & diktat, tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran, isi buku pelajaran, sampul buku, bagian pembuka, bagian utama dan bagian penutup serta ketentuan jumlah halaman. Buku Pelajaran (Text book) & Diktat Buku pelajaran adalah bahan/materi pelajaran yang dituangkan secara tertulis dalam bentuk buku dan digunakan sebagai bahan pelajaran (sumber informasi) sebuah mata kuliah bagi mahasiswa dan pengajar susuai dengan kebutuhan lapangan/industry dan tuntutan perkembangan teknologi dan atau kurikulum. Diktat adalah catatan tertulis suatu bidang studi yang disiapkan oleh guru/dosen untuk mempermudah pengayaan materi pelajaran atau bidang studi yang dibahas dalam proses pembelajaran (Ilvandri, 2011). Diktat yang baik merupakan draft buku ajar yang belum diterbitkan. Tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran a. Menyediakan buku susuai dengan kebutuhan mahasiswa, institusi dan lapangan/ industry serta serta tuntutan perkembangan teknologi atau kurikulum. b. Mendorong penulis/dosen untuk berkreasi dan kreatif membagikan ilmunya kepada masyarakat. c. Mendorong penulis untuk meng-update ilmunya sesuai dengan kriteria tuntutan buku layak terbit mencakup subdstansi, bahasa dan potensi pasar. d. Mendukung penulis untuk menerbitkan buku bila belum terbit. Isi Buku Pelajaran Isi buku pelajaran berupa teori, konsep, formula atau aturan terkini dilengkapi dengan contoh-contoh masalah atau studi kasus serta solusinya. Isi buku harus orsinil dengan merujuk dari berbagai sumber. Informasi tepat, dapat dipercaya dan dipertanggungjawabkan kepada pembaca dan semua pihak terkait. Isi tersusun dengan baik atau dengan alur informasi yang mudah dipahami. Buku pelajaran dan diktat yang baik memenuhi tiga aspek pendidikan yaitu ilmu pengetahuan (knowledge), keterampilan (skills) dan sikap atau perilaku (attitude). Aspek tersebut seperti yang dinyatakan oleh UNESCO (1994) yaitu...

LAMPIRAN 1 Instrumen penelitian, Kunci Jawaban, Lembar ...

KUNCI JAWABAN PENELITIAN KETERAMPLAN MENULIS. Yogyakarta, 02. 05. 2012. Liebe meine Freundin, wie geht es dir? Ich hoffe, daß es dir gut geht. INSTRUMEN PENELITIAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS BAHASA JERMAN Buatlah surat sederhana dalam bahasa Jerman yang ditujukan kepada temanmu. Isi surat menceritakan tentang pengalamanmu pergi ke Bioskop. Perhatikan komponen-komponen surat berikut ini. Salam pembuka, pembuka surat, isi surat, penutup surat.( Anrede, Einführung, Inhalt, Schluß ) Poin-poin ini akan membantumu dalam menulis surat. 1. ins Kino gehen 2. am Wochenende/ in den Ferien/ am Sonntag/ am Montag/ 3. mit dem Fahrrad/ Motorrad/Auto/ Bus/ mit dem Taxi 4. mit meinen Eltern/ mit meinem Freund/ mit meiner Freundin/ allein 5. ins Kino Empire XXI/ ins Kino 21 6. Horor/ Liebe/ Komödie/ Aktion 7. interessant/ wunderbar 92 KUNCI JAWABAN PENELITIAN KETERAMPLAN MENULIS Yogyakarta, 02. 05. 2012 Liebe meine Freundin, wie geht es dir? Ich hoffe, daß es dir gut geht. Was machst du da? Am Wochenende gehe ich ins Kino. Ich fahre mit dem Auto. Ich fahre mit meinen Eltern ins Kino, denn am Wochenende heben sie keine Arbeit. Wir fahren ins Kino Empire XXI. Dort gibt es viele Filme z.B. Horor, Liebe, Komödie oder Aktion. Wir sehen Aktionfilm und ich finde den Film wunderbar. Und du? Was sind deine Aktivitäten am Wochenende? Schreib bald! Viele Grȕß e Bina Kundhini

Factsheet about 9/11 - 9/11 Education Programme

Factsheet about 9/11 What happened on 11 September 2001? In the early morning of 11 September 2001, 19 hijackers took control of four airliners taking off from different airports in the US – Boston, Washington DC and Newark in New Jersey. View of the World Trade Center, New York, under attack on 11 September 2001 At 8.46am, American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York. Seventeen minutes later, United Airlines Flight 175 crashed into the South Tower. The third airliner, American Airlines Flight 77, crashed into the Pentagon in Washington DC at 9.37am, and the final plane, United Airlines Flight 93, crashed en route to Washington after passengers on board had fought with the hijackers. It is thought that the hijackers were aiming to hit either the Capitol building in Washington or the White House. All US airports were quickly shut down and all aircraft on their way to the country were turned away. The search for survivors at the sites of the attacks began immediately, although with little hope of success. At 9.59am, the fire that had been started by the crash caused the South Tower of the World Trade Center to collapse; this was followed by the collapse of the North Tower at 10.28am. Nearly 3,000 people were killed – most of them instantly. These horrific events were witnessed on TV by millions of people around the world, who by now had realised that the USA was coming under massive terrorist attack. Find out more by visiting: The Pentagon, Washington DC, minutes after it had been attacked on 11 September 2001 Page 2 At 8.30pm, US President of the George W. Bush addressed the nation on television and said: “Today, our fellow citizens, our way of life, our very freedom came under attack in a series of deliberate and deadly terrorist acts. These acts of mass murder were intended to frighten our nation into chaos and retreat. But they have failed. Our country is strong.” After the broadcast, he met his advisers to review the day. They already had evidence that the attacks had been organised by Osama bin Laden – the leader of the extreme terrorist group Al-Qaeda, which was based in Afghanistan. From his base in Afghanistan, bin Laden supported an increasing number of suicide missions against the USA during the 1990s. The attacks were planned with increasing care and attention to detail – and with a desire to capture the attention of the world. Osama bin Laden in 1997 Why did the attacks on the USA happen? In 2004, Osama bin Laden finally admitted that Al-Qaeda, an extremist terrorist organisation, had been responsible for organising the 9/11 attacks. This confirmed what the US Government had believed all along. For many years, Osama bin Laden had called on Muslims to attack US soldiers and citizens wherever they could. He saw the US as an arch enemy of Islam. His aim was to get the US military out of their bases in Saudi Arabia, where they had remained after the Gulf War in 1991. Saudi Arabia is home to Islam’s most holy sites in the cities of Mecca and Medina, and bin Laden felt that America’s presence there was an affront to all Muslims. He also strongly objected to America’s support for Israel, which he believed wrongly occupied lands that belonged to fellow Muslims....

Aygül Özkan und die Vielgötterei - Institut für Medienverantwortung

Aygül Özkan und die Vielgötterei Immer wieder fällt auf, dass in Bezug auf Islam und Muslime in öffentlichen Debatten laizistisch argumentiert wird. Da ist von „Trennung von Religion und Staat“ die Rede bis hin zur Forderung nach der „Verbannung religiöser Symbole aus öffentlichen Einrichtungen“. Ansonsten beruft man sich eher auf die säkulare Ordnung, in der (christlich) religiöse Symbole als schützenswerte Elemente inkludiert sind. Nun hatte die designierte Sozialministerin Niedersachsens, Aygül Özkan, genau diese Unterscheidung aufzuheben versucht, indem sie gleichwertig die Verbannung von christlichen und islamischen Erkennungsmerkmalen wie (das staatliche verordnete Kreuz und (das private) Kopftuch aus Klassenzimmern forderte. Dies führte zu einer ersten Entschuldigung gegenüber ihrer Partei, der CSU, aus deren Reihen große Empörung zu vernehmen war: wegen der Bedrohung der Kreuze. Als mehrfach markierte Politikerin hätte Frau Özkan die besonders kritische Beobachtung, unter der sie steht, einkalkulieren müssen. Als Frau, Muslimin und mit türkischem Migrationshintergrund ist eine Skepsis auf der Basis lange gepflegter Vorurteile ihr gegenüber erwartbar. Deshalb war spätestens zu dem Zeitpunkt des Rückziehers und der Entschuldigung klar, dass sie fürderhin unter noch akribischerer Beobachtung stehen würde – und sie die Eidesformel auf keinen Fall schadlos überstehen könnte. Hätte sie auf einen Gottesbezug verzichtet, hätte man ihr Verrat an den deutschen (parlamentarischen?) Werten vorwerfen können. Hätte Sie das fremdsprachige Wort „Allah“ verwendet, hätte man ihr vermutlich das gleiche vorgeworfen. Die integrative Übersetzung des arabischen Terminus für Gott aber empfanden wiederum einige als Vereinnahmungsversuch. Vor allem aus kirchlichen Kreisen wurde ihr „so wahr mir Gott helfe“ als Anmaßung abgewehrt und die Begründung war teilweise delikat. Sie kommt auch in einem online-Kommentar zum Kommentar von Jost Müller-Neuhof im Tagesspiegel vom 2. Mai 2010 zum Ausdruck: „Auch wenn sich Frau Özkan „ausdrücklich auf den einen und einzigen Gott“ beruft, der bei ihnen Allah heißt, ist dieser - siehe auch diverse Kirchenkommentare - sicher nicht mit dem Gott und Jesus unseres Glaubens gleichzusetzen (sic!). Nennt man das Häresie?“ Die an die Meinungsäußerung angeschlossene Frage richtet sich freilich an Frau Özkan. Dabei müsste man den Schreiber und einige sich presserklärende Kirchenvertreter fragen, ob sie nicht mit dieser Art der Abgrenzungsargumentation „Häresie“ betreiben. Denn, wenn man darauf besteht, dass Gott und Allah nicht identisch sind, dann würde das ja bedeuten, dass es mehrere Götter gibt. Ausgerechnet die Vertreter christlicher Provenienz beschwören mit ihren Stellungnahmen also einen Polytheismus herauf, der jeglichem Selbstverständnis eigentlich widersprechen müsste. Ist der Ablehnungsimpuls gegenüber einer Ministerin, die Muslimin ist, so stark, dass man diesen Widerspruch selbst nicht bemerkt?...

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