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Most agronomic soils contain large reserves of total phosphorus [P], but the fixation and precipitation of P cause P deficiency, and in turn, restrict the growth of crops severely. Phosphorus replenishment, especially in sustainable production systems, remains a major challenge as it is mainly fertilizerdependent. Though the use of chemical P fertilizers is obviously the best means to circumvent P deficiency in different agroecosystems, their use is always limited due to its spiralling cost. A greater interest has, therefore, been generated to find an alternative yet inexpensive technology that could provide sufficient P to plants while reducing the dependence on expensive chemical P fertilizers. Among the heterogeneous and naturally abundant microbes inhabiting the rhizosphere, the phosphate solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) including bacteria have provided an alternative biotechnological solution in sustainable agriculture to meet the P demands of plants.
This article is a demonstrative study about the problem and size of addiction in western area especially Taif city in Saudi Arabia through applying of international questionnaires guidelines. These questionnaires were used to assess tobacco, alcohol, and narcotics addiction. They were performed on secondary school male students in Taif ,Saudi Arabia, in addition to Roshd and Kafa and population as well. The total sample size for the present study is equal to 2514
A pot experiment was conducted in glass house conditions for 120 days to study the effects of phosphorus solubilizing Gram-positive bacteria on plant growth, nutrient uptake and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguculata). Among all twelve bacterial treatments, the strain Bacillus spp (B3) has shown the greatest shoot length 67.70 cm, root length 60.5 cm and total dry weight 4.57 g plant -1 after 45 days of sowing. Similarly, in the same treatment the shoot length, root length and total dry weight were found 162.36 cm, 60.5 cm and 128.49 g plant -1 , respectively at harvesting and total yield was obtained 23.34 g plant -1 , which was significantly greater than all other treatments and uninoculated control treatments containing single super phosphate (SSP) and rock phosphate (RP) as phosphorus sources (7.93 g plant -1 and 3.81 g plant -1 respectively). The strains Bacillus thurengensis (T1 and T6) also have indicated a significant increase in above parameters
Cattle suffering with plastic foreign body syndrome were treated surgically by rumenotomy. The pre-operative and 12 th day post operative blood and serum biochemical were recorded and compared with normal healthy cattle. Preoperatively decrease in haemoglobin, packed cell volume and total erythrocyte count was observed which was gradually increased and came to near normal state on 12 th post-operative day. There was leucocytosis, neutrophilia and corresponding lymphopenia observed in animals during pre-operative phase. The glucose, serum creatinine, serum albumin and calcium levels were found to be at lower level and total proteins, blood urea nitrogen and phosphorus at higher level in pre-operative period when compared to normal cattle. This may be due to low intake of food and water and also inflammatory condition in body due to presence of plastic foreign body.
The study on patient satisfaction at priyadarshini dental college and hospital are conducted to measure the level of satisfaction as well quality of dental care provided .the total 100 randomly patients were surveyed .a questionnaire of 22 question were used to collect the information from the patients, most of patients were satisfied with the quality of care they received but some were dissatisfied due to the unable to understand explanation of treatment option provided by dental students and the long waiting time for the treatment, patient satisfaction is key determinant of quality of care.
Capsicum annum L. (Syn: Capsicum frutescens L., family: Solanaceae) is an herbaceous spice plant cultivated in tropical and subtropical conditions in different countries of the world. In India it is commonly known as “Lal Mirch”. The present study deals with response of UV-B radiation on different growth parameters of capsicum crop. Plants were grown in the field and exposed to supplemental UV-B radiation (280-320nm) for 1 hr and 3hr regularly supplied by the sunlamp, 300 watt from sowing till seedling stage. The total UV-B irradiation received by the plants from the lamp was 24.23 Jm -2 s -1 . The seed germination percentage was significantly decreased by 1 hr and 3 hr UV-B irradiation. The exposure of 1 hr UV-B irradiation showed promotory response on chlorophyll content and biomass of plumule and cotyledons while exposure of 3 hr of UV-B irradiation showed inhibitory effect on growth and chlorophyll content of seedlings. Current findings suggest ways to increase crop
Rice–wheat cropping system is very common in India. It contributes to over 70% of total food grain production in the country with an area of 12 M ha under this cropping system. However, it is estimated that under rice and wheat crops separately the area is 42.31 and 22.98 M ha respectively. Looking to the above facts a study at farmer’s field of Ambedkar Nagar district was under taken to evaluate the performance of zero-till seed cum ferti-drill along with other system of wheat seeding. The zero-tillage technique may be adopted successfully for seeding to grow wheat after rice by using zero-till ferti seeddrill (ZTFDS) developed at GBPUA&T, Pantnagar and now manufactured commercial. Although this method of wheat seeding using zero-till seed cum ferti drill is becoming very popular in Haryana and Punjab states but it is not popular in U. P. particularly in central Uttar Pradesh. The zero-tillage sowing was found to be most time saving (88%) and energy efficient (79%)
Occupational stress is considered to be a main health problem for both individuals and organizations. This study has investigated the measurement of occupational stress among Management Information Systems (MIS) Users in different banks in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Furthermore, to identify their high job stressor factors and increase understanding of the impact of individuals differences in occupational stress. A descriptive, cross sectional survey was performed in five banks. Using quota sampling, MIS users’ from different divisions were asked to complete questionnaires- including demographic data, job stress and stressor factors. Six main stress factors were identified among MIS users banker staff: 1) intrinsic work characteristics (job design); 2) work culture and function; 3) managerial role; 4) career development; 5) relationships at work and 6) home-work interface. A total of 250 self-administrated questionnaires were distributed (hand delivery) to the banks divisions. The overall response rate was 80.8% (202/250) and the result suggested that over a third of MIS users in banks reported that their jobs were highly stressful. The bankers are exposed to high job stressors such as job design (overload, long working hours, deadlines and time pressure, repetitive task and lack of variety, and shortages of staff); and career development (under promotion and working at a level below their level of abilities and skills). However, the result of this research can be applied for improving sources of occupational stress and further, precluding severe stress and concern was expressed that such findings should be considered when delivering stress management programs.
Phonics skills are considered to be the predictors of reading disability, which is off late viewed as a language based disorder. The aim of the present study is to compare the phonics skills of high and low academic achievers across Bengali and English. A checklist consisting of three parameters was developed in both the languages to assess phonics skills. A total of 42 normally developing bilingual females who attended standard three to standard five in the age range eight to eleven years participated in the study. The participants were classified as high and low academic achiever based upon school performance. Significant differences were found in all the phonics skills in both the languages except vowel sound skill in Bengali and letter name in English. It is concluded that phonics tasks should be provided importance and during classroom curriculum as it distinguishes between high academic achievers from the low academic achievers.
Primary productivity and selected relevant associated physico-chemical parameters in the euphotic zone of Lagos Harbour, a tropical Harbour was monitored at NIOMR Jetty station (Latitude 6º 25 ´ 14, 88º N, Longitude 3º 24´ 24, 42º E) on a monthly basis from October, 2012 to March, 2013. Air and surface water temperature ranged from 23.5⁰C to 28⁰C and between 27 ⁰C and 30⁰C respectively. Alkaline pH ranged (7.81 to 8.45). Brackish salinity varied from 6.2 to 35.4PSU while Electrical conductivity minimum and maximum values were 11200 and 53300µS/cm respectively. Moderate dissolved oxygen ranged between 5.0mg/l and 6.4mg/l, slightly lower than 6.8mg/l standard suggested by FEPA. Total dissolved solid ranged from 7504 to 35711mg/l while Low Alkalinity varied between 12 and 20mg/l. Rainfall minimum and maximum values were 8.8 and 229mm respectively. Gross primary production (GPP) varied from 0.22 to 0.46gC/m 2 /day. The corresponding Net primary production (NPP)