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CLUTCH DISC: Please note, after installing AA flywheel and new clutch disc, the vehicles should be driven moderately to seat the disc properly. LIMITED LIABILITY: All flywheels are manufactured for off-road use applications and are considered racing parts. Active Autowerke will not be responsible or liable for labor, incidental or consequential damages of any kind. E36 M3 Flywheel Installation he front section of driveshaft has to come down. p the center support too. The insulation was removed right after the exhaust. Disconnect the clutch slave cylinder, the electronic connection elps. Especially for the starter mounting bolts. p the center support too. The insulation was removed right after the exhaust. Disconnect the clutch slave cylinder, the electronic connection elps. Especially for the starter mounting bolts. the old that needs to be replaced with a AA Clutch Fork. On 96-99 models to maintain the proper clutch release point. Note you might hav he pressure plate on with a hand impact. DO NOT USE AIRTOOLS! Airtools will likely strip the heads of the hex bolts, they're soft. Get a ham ct so you can get the flywheel off.
The crankshaft is precision-forged with seven main bearings and eight custom-forged counter weights, and a vibration damper at the front end. For an exploded view of the crankshaft, main bearings, and main bearing caps, see Figure 1-42. 1. Crankshaft 5. Lower Bearing Shell (center) 2. Upper Bearing Shell(s) 6. Main Bearing Cap(s) 3. Upper Bearing Shell (center) 7. Main Bearing Cap (center) 4. Lower Bearing Shell(s) 8. Main Bearing Cap Bolt Figure 1-42 Crankshaft, Main Bearings, and Main Bearing Caps All information subject to change without notice. (Rev. 3/04) 6SE412 0403 Copyright © 2006 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION From Bulletin 1–MBE4000–06 1-57 1.9 CRANKSHAFT ASSEMBLY 1.9.1 Crankshaft Removal Remove the crankshaft as follows: FALLING ENGINE To avoid injury from a falling engine, an adequate lifting device with a spreader bar and sling should be used to lift the engine. The sling and spreader bar should be adjusted so the lifting hooks are vertical to prevent bending the lifter brackets. To ensure proper weight distribution, all provided lifter brackets must be used. NOTICE: A spreader bar must be used at all times in conjunction with the front and rear lifter brackets to lift the EGR engine to ensure that no engine damage will result. The brackets are designed to lift vertically. 1. Remove the engine from the vehicle.
CUSTOMER TESTIMONIAL: FRONT PORCH DIGITAL’S RAPID APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT Front Porch Digital, Inc. is a world leader in digital asset workflow management serving global leaders in the entertainment industry. Front Porch Digital recently integrated Stretchr into its application development processes. “Stretchr has fundamentally changed the way we approach data systems development. Today’s data comes in so many shapes and sizes and is always changing, requiring you to spend a huge amount of time designing and editing schemas in traditional databases or developing expertise in NoSQL technology. With Stretchr all of that time and complexity goes away. You simply acquire the data, from any source and in any form. Stretchr then organizes the data for you based on how your users consume it – it couldn’t be simpler. Our first integration with Stretchr took an afternoon, and was effectively the insertion of one line of code into our existing application. So happy are we with the way Stretchr works and performs that we are tightly integrating our newest products with Stretchr, cutting development times significantly”.
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How to access the Wall Street Journal Duke provides free access to WSJ articles through the library (see instructions below). Articles will be listed by date in a database. We recommend going to the WSJ website (www.wsj.com) first to identify which articles you would like to read in full. The public version of the WSJ website allows you to view news headlines and a brief description of all articles, without requiring an online subscription. The “Today’s Newspaper” tab provides the stories from that day’s front page, and each of the main sections, to help familiarize you with the layout of the print version. Guide to accessing the WSJ at Duke Libraries (need to be on Duke Network): 1. Go to the Duke Library website: http://library.duke.edu/ 2. In the catalog search box, select “Title” from the dropdown box and search “Wall Street Journal (online)”. The following page should appear: http://find.library.duke.edu/results.php?type=books&catalogsuggestions=is&catalogsou rce=duke&sourceid=homepage&searchtype=Title&query=wall+street+journal+%28onlin e%29 3. Select the first hit (Wall Street Journal (Eastern ed.: Online) by clicking on “getit@DUKE” which will take you to a different page: http://getitatduke.library.duke.edu/?sid=sersol&SS_jc=JC_001145597&title=Wall+Stree t+Journal+(online) 4. On the page above, click on third "link to Journal" on the left side of the page (1984 - present), and you'll go directly to the Wall Street Journal online. 5. Then the below page will appear and you can select a date and all the articles will appear separately: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?RQT=318&pmid=117310 6. For Today’s article, click on “View most recent issue” at the top of the page. 7. You can search for the article you want, but it requires you to know the exact start of the headline, which sometimes changes. Quickest way to skim through the 125+ articles is to make sure you select to view 100 items per page (dropdown box at the bottom of the page), and select “Brief view” above the first article.
This paper examines the complex, often misunderstood, relationship between al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the various militant groups found in FATA (the Federally Administered Tribal Areas) in Pakistan, including the TTP (Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan). Much of what is commonly assumed about the Taliban, the TTP and al-Qaeda is based on misinformation, misunderstanding or a misrepresentation of historical events. The Taliban and alQaeda can in many ways be seen as sharing common values, although their ultimate goals remain very different. The Taliban were not part of the mujahedeen fighting against the Soviets in Afghanistan, and emerged only in 1994. Al-Qaeda, for all the conspiracy, did not receive money from the CIA during the 1980s, and was only officially formed as an organisation in 1988. The creation of the TTP in 2007 is another matter, and was created as an umbrella organisation for various Pakistani militant groups, and maintains close ties with al-Qaeda. However, the Pakistani Taliban is not the same Taliban as the one formed in 1994, and although it swears its loyalty to Mullah Omar, its goals differ from that of the Afghani Taliban. We can speak of al-Qaeda and the Taliban in two broad strokes – pre 9/11 and post 9/11. The attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon (as well as the failed attack on Washington DC with the hijacked flight 93), was the culmination of al-Qaeda as a tightly knit, hierarchical organisation. The subsequent “War on Terror” and the invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 destroyed much of its organisational capacity; it also left the Taliban severely weakened. However, they both regrouped in the FATA region over a period of years, and al-Qaeda spread its ideology throughout northern Pakistan, coalescing with militant groups and local warlords. Before 9/11, al-Qaeda and the Taliban were very much two different organisations; today, it is not so simple, and in 2010, General David Petreus claimed that there is “a symbiotic relationship between all of these different organizations: al-Qaeda, the Pakistani Taliban, the Afghan Taliban ... They support each other, they coordinate with each other, sometimes they compete with each other, [and] sometimes they even fight each other.” (cfr, 2010, http://www.cfr.org).
Al Qaeda (AQ) has evolved into a significantly different terrorist organization than the one that perpetrated the September 11, 2001, attacks. At the time, Al Qaeda was composed mostly of a core cadre of veterans of the Afghan insurgency against the Soviet Union, with a centralized leadership structure made up mostly of Egyptians. Most of the organization’s plots either emanated from the top or were approved by the leadership. Some analysts describe pre-9/11 Al Qaeda as akin to a corporation, with Osama Bin Laden acting as an agile Chief Executive Officer issuing orders and soliciting ideas from subordinates. Some would argue that the Al Qaeda of that period no longer exists. Out of necessity, due to pressures from the security community, in the ensuing years it has transformed into a diffuse global network and philosophical movement composed of dispersed nodes with varying degrees of independence. The core leadership, headed by Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, is thought to live in the mountainous tribal belt of northwest Pakistan bordering Afghanistan, where it continues to train operatives, recruit, and disseminate propaganda. But Al Qaeda franchises or affiliated groups active in countries such as Yemen and Somalia now represent critical power centers in the larger movement. Some affiliates receive money, training, and weapons; others look to the core leadership in Pakistan for strategic guidance, theological justification, and a larger narrative of global struggle.
In 2007, the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) emerged after the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) aligned itself with Al-Qaeda. This development captured the world’s attention and led several scholars and policymakers to ask the question: Why did this merger take place and what does it say about the motivations of GSPC? This research investigates three hypotheses: (1) This merger is merely an ideological one without operational implications; (2) this merger is ideological, operational, and logistical; or (3) this merger is merely a rebranding of a failing organization that needed to survive and, therefore, is not a genuine threat to the United States and its European allies. Exploring the evolution of Algerian Islamism, from the rise of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) and the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) to the GSPC and AQIM, this study concludes that hypothesis 3 is the best explanation of the merger between GSPC and Al-Qaeda. Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington DC 20503.
A l-Qa’ida seems to be on its heels. The death of Osama bin Laden and the fall of Arab dictators have left its leadership in disarray, its narrative confused, and the organization on the defensive. One silver lining for al-Qaida, however, has been its affiliate organizations. In Iraq, the Maghreb, Somalia, Yemen, and elsewhere, alQa’ida has used local groups to expand its reach, increase its power, and grow its numbers. This string of mergers is not over. In places as diverse as the Sinai Peninsula and Nigeria, al-Qa’ida-linked organizations are emerging. However, the jihadist world is more fractured than it may appear at first glance. Many Salafi-jihadist groups have not joined with al-Qa’ida, and even if they have, tensions and divisions occur that present the United States and its allies with opportunities for weakening the bond. at the same time, several Salafi-jihadist groups chose not to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, including Egypt’s Gamaat al-Islamiyya and Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG), and fighters in Chechnya, Gaza, and Pakistan maintained their distance as well. Motivations to the Affiliate for Joining There are a number of reasons why a group may choose to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, some practical, some ideological, and some personal: • • Al-Qa’ida has always been both a group with its own agenda and a facilitator of other terrorist groups. This meant that it not only carried out attacks on U.S. targets in Kenya, Tanzania, and Yemen throughout the 1990s, but it helped other jihadist groups with funding, training, and additional logistical essentials. Toward the end of the 1990s, alQa’ida incorporated Egyptian Islamic Jihad into its structure. After September 11, 2001, this process of deepening its relationship with outside groups took off, and today a number of regional groups bear the label “al-Qa’ida” in their name, along with a more local designation.
Setting up Charging the rechargeable battery pack Setting up the rechargeable battery pack 1 Press the tab on the top of the controller’s battery compartment cover, then and pull down to detach the original battery from the controller. Charge your battery pack before its first use and whenever it is drained. 1 Insert the charging plug into the charge port on the front of your wireless controller. 2 Connect the USB plug to any USB port of your Xbox 360. 3 Turn on your console. The charge indicator on the front of the plug glows red as the battery pack charges. When the light glows green, the battery pack is fully charged. Rechargeable battery safety Incorrect battery use may result in battery leakage, overheating, or explosion. When using batteries, make sure that you follow these instructions: • Keep batteries out of reach of children. • Do not heat, open, puncture, mutilate, or dispose of batteries in fire. • If a battery leaks, remove the battery, taking care to keep the leaked fluid from touching your skin or clothes. If fluid from the battery comes into contact with skin or clothes, flush skin with water or remove the clothing immediately. Before inserting a new battery, thoroughly clean the controller with a damp paper towel. • Do not allow metal objects to touch the battery terminals, because they can become hot and cause burns. For example, do not carry the battery in a pocket with keys or coins. • Remove the battery when the product will not be used for an extended period of time.