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This paper assesses the net welfare associated with the adoption of Bench Terraces (BT), Contour Bunds (CB), and Napier Grass Strips (NGS) in the Saba Saba sub-catchment of the Upper Tana catchment in Kenya. An agro-economic survey and informal interviews were conducted in the Saba Saba sub-catchment to elicit farm level quantitative data for the Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA). Financial functions in excel were used to analyze the on-site costs and benefits of adopting the identified SWC technologies on farms with crops such as maize, coffee, and tea. In this research CBA was used as a decision tool after the computation of all cost and benefits were valued in local currency to obtain the Net Present Value (NPV) or net welfare. The results show that investment in SWC measures may not be a feasible short-term option from farmers’ perspective. There is, therefore, a strong case for intervention, especially in the initial years where SWC adoption yields negative returns.
Nowadays people love to decorate their room in such a way that it represents the culture of a country side. That is why the use of rugs has become popular nowadays. People use rugs to decorate and design their home. But before buying a rug one should have a little knowledge about rugs. This knowledge will help a person to choose the right thing; things that will style the house in such a way that it will reflect the taste and choice of the person living in it.
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In recent years, tourism has been increasingly recognised for its economic potential to contribute to the reduction of poverty in developing countries. Its geographical expansion and labour intensive nature support a spread of employment and can be particularly relevant in remote and rural areas, where live three quarters of the two billion people under extreme poverty conditions. Statistics show that tourism in LDCs is still limited: 2.6% of the world market share in terms of international tourist arrivals (ITAs) and of international tourism receipts (ITRs). However, the growth in ITAs has been faster in LDCs than in the developing countries as a whole: 42.5% in the former and 30.8% in the latter between 2001 and 2005 (15.8% for the world). Also in terms of ITRs: 50.3% growth in LDCs and 40.6% in the developing world between 2001 and 2004 (33.2% for the world). There are several reasons that make tourism an especially suitable economic development sector for LDCs1: 1. Tourism is consumed at the point of production; the tourist has to go to the destination and spend his/her money there, opening an opportunity for local businesses of all sorts, and allowing local communities to benefit through the informal economy, by selling goods and services directly to visitors; 2. Most LDCs have a comparative advantage in tourism over developed countries. They have assets of enormous value to the tourism industry - culture, art, music, natural landscapes, wildlife and climate, including World Heritage Sites. Visits by tourists to such sites can generate employment and income for communities as well as helping in the conservation of cultural and natural assets; 3. Tourism is a more diverse industry than many others. It has the potential to support other economic activities, both through providing flexible, part time jobs that can complement other livelihood options, and through creating income throughout a complex supply chain of goods and services;
For Spouse Deployed o Write separate letters to your children periodically o Share as much information as you can about your daily life and work For Spouse at Home For Spouse at Home o Ignore rumors and try to wait patiently for official date, time, and location information for your partner’s return o Participate in any preparation for reunion activities that might be available o Maintain the healthy self-care practices you established before the departure; try to eat and sleep sensibly o Participate in a support group, whether formal or informal; do not become isolated o Help your children express their feelings and stay in touch with their absent parent
Business people use informal methods to represent business processes (BP), having the main objective to support an enterprise organization. On the other hand, application software is increasingly based on Service Oriented Architectures, where the application logic is represented by executable BP (e.g., by using BPEL.) Despite both are aiming at BP modelling, the methods used by business people and IT specialists are quite different. The former use informal, descriptive methods, with an intuitive semantics difficult to be translated to the formal representation needed in the IT world. This paper presents the main lines of an ontological framework for the representation of BP semantics: BPAL (Business Process Abstract Language.) It is primarily conceived to provide a formal semantics to BPMN, an informal BP modelling method that is emerging in the business world. The modelling categories of BPAL are based on well accepted business notions, such as activity, decision, role. We believe that it may be useful beyond BPMN, in more general business contexts. BPAL is an abstract language (no drawing symbols are provided) having a procedural semantics (allowing a translation to an executable form, BPEL), and a declarative semantics, to be processed by an inference engine.
Quality aspects become increasingly important when business process modeling is used in a large-scale enterprise setting. In order to facilitate a storage without redundancy and an efﬁcient retrieval of relevant process models in model databases it is required to develop a theoretical understanding of how a degree of behavioral similarity can be deﬁned. In this paper we address this challenge in a novel way. We use causal footprints as an abstract representation of the behavior captured by a process model, since they allow us to compare models deﬁned in both formal modeling languages like Petri nets and informal ones like EPCs. Based on the causal footprint derived from two models we calculate their similarity based on the established vector space model from information retrieval. We validate this concept with an experiment using the SAP Reference Model and an implementation in the ProM framework. Keywords: Business Process Modeling, Event-driven Process Chains, Similarity, Equivalence.
CHANGING STYLES How Styles are Identified … Some furniture styles are identified by the person who originated the design Some furniture styles are identified by the general design movement of the time Some furniture styles are identified by the era in which they were first made. – Called “Period Pieces” – Often named for the king or queen who was in power during that time Classic and Fads Classics – Stand the test of time; now in museums or collector’s homes; replicas created Fads – Come in and out; some fads never return WHY DESIGNS CHANGE Several reasons … available materials, methods of manufacturing, changes in lifestyle, tastes Materials and Manufacturing Modern synthetic materials have different properties than traditional wood, thereby creating potential for new designs. – Example – Wood chairs are carved while some plastic chairs may be molded from liquid plastic. As new materials are developed, furniture makers experiment with different processes to develop new furniture. WHY DESIGNS CHANGE Lifestyle Changes Designs often reflect the time during which the pieces were made and the lifestyles of the people who used the furniture. • Example – 18th century in France and England … much of the furniture was formal and elegant, reflecting the lifestyle of the royal courts. • Example – Early colonialist of the New World … much plainer and informal.
Messenger luggage are often the top rated in all around usefulness and adaptability and flexibilitysuppleness and adaptability. From leather to material, a superb top notch messenger handbag will maintain you well prepared and prepared. Undoubtedly the messenger tote of preference would be created of leather. A content backpack with leather material highlights would even be a beautiful replacement. Leather material, significantly more than just about any other material, bridges the gap concerning small business and informal situations. Its transitional popular features of magnificence and toughness cause it to really suitable and flexible and versatile in nearly any atmosphere.
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