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pengertian mean median dan modus

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Kunci Jawaban Soal Essai Paket A.pdf

Kunci jawaban Babak FINAL Jenis soal : ESSAY 1. Kinerja bensin diukur berdasarkan nilai oktan (octane number) yaitu keberadaan senyawa 2,2,4 - trimetil pentane (isooktana) dengan nilai oktan 100, sedangkan nheptana nilai oktannya adalah nol. a. Gambarkan struktur 2,2,4 – trimetil pentane dan n – heptana (20 Point) Penyelesaian : b. Gambarkan semua isomer struktur n-heptana dan namai secara IUPAC (30 Point) Penyelesaian : c. Gambarkan struktur dan nama IUPAC alkena paling sederhana yang mempunyai isomer cis dan trans. (30 Point) Penyelesaian : d. Jelaskan pengertian bensin dengan angka oktan 75 % (20 Point) Penyelesaian : Angka oktan pada bensin ditentukan dengan adanya senyawa trimetil pentane dan nheptana dimana apabila pada bensin memiliki angka oktan 100 % maka pada besin tersebut terkandung senyawa trimetil pentane banding senyawa n-heptana yaitu 100 : 0, sehingga apabila bensin dengan angka oktan 75 % maka dalam bensin tersebut terkandung 75 % senyawa trimetil pentane dan 25 % senyawa n-heptana. 2. Reaksi : 2NOBr (g)  2NO (g) + Br2 (g) H = +16,1 kJ Diketahui : Tekanan awal NOBr = 0,65 atm. : NOBr telah terurai sebanyak 28% (Saat Kstb) (a) Tuliskan bentuk tetapan kesetimbangan, Kp. (10 poin) Penyelesaian : Kp  [p NO ] 2 [p Br2 ] [p NOBr ] 2 (b) Tentukan tekanan parsial gas NOBr, NO, dan Br2 setelah tercapai keadaan kesetimbangan. (30 poin) Penyelesaian : 100  28 p NOBr   0,65 atm  0,468 atm 100 28 p NO   0,65 atm  0,182 atm 100 p Br2  28 2 100  0,65 atm  0,091 atm (c) Tentukan tekanan total sesudai tercapai kesetimbangan (20 poin) Penyelesaian : (100  28 )  (28  14 ) 114 p tot  [ ]  0,65 atm   0,65 atm  0,741 atm 100 100 (d) Hitung nilai tetapan kesetimbangan, Kp pada temperatur tersebut. (20 poin) Penyelesaian :

Retail Market Flyer - Downtown Raleigh Alliance

DOWNTOWN OPPORTUNITIES FOR GROWING RETAILERS DOWNTOWN RALEIGH’S FAST FACTS: • 11% annual restaurant sales tax growth  • 91,660 residents live within three miles  • 40,000 daytime office workers • 3.3 million visitors in 2012 • 108 outdoor festivals in 2012 • 37,000 students within two miles  • 1,200 apartments planned or under  construction JOIN DOWNTOWN’S GROWING LIST of popular dining establishments including Sullivan’s Steakhouse, Mellow Mushroom, Starbucks Coffee Company, and Carolina Ale House. Several downtown Raleigh retailers and restaurants have recently received national recognition, including Raleigh Denim, Holly Aiken Bags + Stitch, The Pit, and Ashley Christensen Restaurants. © Cheryl Gottschall © Stacey Simeone Downtown Raleigh is a dining and nightlife destination supported by its growing number of daytime employees, residents and evening/ weekend-oriented traffic drivers. Revitalized historic buildings and new construction, mixeduse projects present great opportunities for fast casual and fine dining restaurants as well as service retailers exploring urban store concepts. And there are several prime locations available for entertainment and grocery-anchored developments seeking heavily trafficked sites. FOR RETAIL MARKET INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT Jim Stella Downtown Retail Recruiter 919.821.6980 | RALEIGH, NC DOWNTOWN OPPORTUNITIES FOR GROWING RETAILERS DOWNTOWN DEMOGRAPHICS 1-mile 3-mile 5-mile 2011 Total Population 14,817 91,660 191,708 2011 Households 5,851 32,967 72,516 Average Household Income $38,650 $53,178 $60,438 Median Age 32.9 29.1 29.9 DOWNTOWN VISITOR COUNTS 2012 NC Museum of Natural Sciences 1,224,611 Marbles Kids Museum/IMAX® 611,048 Progress Energy Center for the Performing Arts 389,641 NC Museum of History 342,371 Raleigh Convention Center

Multiple sclerosis, an unlikely cause of chronic cerebrospinal ...

Objectives It is unknown if a relationship exists between multiple sclerosis and chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and if this venous pathology is a causal factor for multiple sclerosis or is a product of a neurological disease. Even so, one should expect that if multiple sclerosis were the cause for venous lesions, then patients with an extended history of the disease would present with a more severe venous pathology. Design Retrospective analysis of catheter venography of the azygous and internal jugular veins, and duration of clinical history of the disease in multiple sclerosis patients. Regional Silesian Board of Physicians in Katowice, Poland (approval number 7/ 2010). The study has been registered at, identifier NCT01264848 Guarantor MS Contributorship All authors contributed equally Acknowledgements None Reviewer Ali Yagan Setting Mono-profile specialist hospital. Participants 353 multiple sclerosis patients, with duration of the disease: 0.5-41 years (median: 10 years). Main outcome measures We performed statistical analysis of the correlations between the duration of multiple sclerosis and the degree and number of venous lesions revealed using catheter venography. Results We observed weak, statistically insignificant correlations between the severity of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and the duration of multiple sclerosis. For the cumulated scores of venous lesions, Spearman and Kendall’s tau correlation coefficients were 0.03 and 0.02, respectively; for maximal scores of venous lesions, coefficients were 0.06 and 0.05, while for the number of diseased veins they were 0.007 and 0.006, respectively. Consequently, this analysis did not yield any data supporting the idea that MS is the cause of venous lesions. Conclusion The results of our survey indicated that venous malformations are most likely congenital, and multiple sclerosis had no...

State Sales Tax Rates and Vendor Discounts - Federation of Tax ...

STATE SALES TAX RATES AND VENDOR DISCOUNTS (January 1, 2014) STATE ALABAMA ALASKA ARIZONA ARKANSAS CALIFORNIA COLORADO CONNECTICUT DELAWARE FLORIDA GEORGIA HAWAII IDAHO ILLINOIS INDIANA (2) IOWA KANSAS KENTUCKY LOUISIANA MAINE MARYLAND MASSACHUSETTS MICHIGAN MINNESOTA MISSISSIPPI MISSOURI MONTANA NEBRASKA NEVADA (9) NEW HAMPSHIRE NEW JERSEY NEW MEXICO NEW YORK NORTH CAROLINA NORTH DAKOTA OHIO OKLAHOMA OREGON PENNSYLVANIA RHODE ISLAND SOUTH CAROLINA SOUTH DAKOTA TENNESSEE TEXAS UTAH (3) VERMONT VIRGINIA (3) WASHINGTON WEST VIRGINIA WISCONSIN WYOMING DIST. OF COLUMBIA U. S. MEDIAN STATE SALES VENDOR TAX RATE RANK DISCOUNT MAX/MIN 4.0% 39 5.0%-2.0% (1) $400/month (max) ------------------------- ----------N/A---------------------------------------5.6% 28 1.0% $10,000/year (max) 6.5% 9 2.0% $1,000/month (max) 7.50% 1 None 2.9% 46 2.22% (4) 6.35% 11 None ------------------------------------N/A---------------------------------------6.0% 16 2.5% $30/report (max) 4.0% 39 3.0%-0.5% (1) 4.0% 39 None 6.0% 16 None (5) 6.25% 12 1.75% $5/year (min) 7.0% 2 0.73% (2) 6.0% 16 None 6.15% 15 None 6.0% 16 1.75%-1.5% (1) $50/month (max) 4.0% 39 0.935% 5.5% 29 None (5) 6.0% 16 1.2%-0.90% (1) $500/return (max) 6.25% 12 None 6.0% 16 0.5% (6) $6/monh (min), $15,000/month (max) 6.875% 7 None 7.0% 2 2.0% $50/month (max) 4.225% 37 2.0% ------------------------------------N/A----------------------------------------5.5% 29 2.5% $75/month (max) 6.85% 7 0.25% ------------------------------------N/A----------------------------------------7.0% 2 None 5.125% 31 None 4.0% 39 5.0% $200/quarter (max) 4.75% 34 None 5.0% 32 1.5% $110/month (max) 5.75% 26 0.75% 4.5% 36 1.0% 2,500/month (max) ------------------------------------N/A----------------------------------------6.0% 16 1.0% 7.0% 2 None 6.0% 16 3.0%-2.0% (1) $3,100/year (max) 4.0% 39 0.015 (10) 7.0% 2 None 6.25% 12 0.5% (7) 4.7% 34 1.31% 6.0% 16 None (5) 4.3% 37 1.6%-0.8% (8) 6.5% 9 None 6.0% 16 None 5.0% 32 0.5% $10/period (min) 4.0% 39 None 5.75% 5.75% 26 None 27 states allow vendor discounts Source: Compiled by FTA from various sources. (1) In some states, the vendors' discount varies by the amount paid. In AL and SC, the larger discounts apply to the first $100. In GA, the larger discount applies to the first $3,000. In KY, the larger discounts apply to the first $1,000, while MD applies the larger discount to annual collections of $6,000. The lower discounts apply to the remaining collections above these amounts. (2) Utilities are not permitted to take discount. Collection allowances are 0.73% if total sales tax collected is less than $60,000; 0.53% if total taxes is between $60,000 and $600,000; 0.26% if total sales tax collected is more than $600,000. (3) Rate does not include a statewide local rate of 1.0% in VA and 1.25% in UT. (4) Local option sales tax discount varies from 0% to 3.33%. (5) Vendors are allowed to keep any excess collections prescribed under the bracket system. (6) Vendor discount only applies to the first 4.0% of the tax. A 0.75% discount if paid by the 7th of the month. (7) An additional discount of 1.25% applies for early payment. (8) Discount varies; 1.2% (1.6% for food) of the first $62,500, 0.92% (1.2%) of the amount to $208,000, and 0.6% (0.8%) of the remainder. Applies to the state tax only. No discount allowed on electronically file returns. (9) Sales tax rate in AZ is scheduled to fall to 5.6% on 6/1/13; KS will fall to 5.7% and NV will fall to 6.5% on 7/1/13. (10) Electronic Filers only. FEDERATION OF TAX ADMINISTRATORS -- JANUARY 2014

Panduan penulisan Penerbitan Buku Teks - PDPT

Panduan Penulisan Buku Panduan ini merupakan petunjuk penulisan buku pelajaran (ilmiah populer) yang digunakan untuk menentukan kelayakan naskah bagi penerbit. Panduan ini membahas pengertian buku pelajaran & diktat, tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran, isi buku pelajaran, sampul buku, bagian pembuka, bagian utama dan bagian penutup serta ketentuan jumlah halaman. Buku Pelajaran (Text book) & Diktat Buku pelajaran adalah bahan/materi pelajaran yang dituangkan secara tertulis dalam bentuk buku dan digunakan sebagai bahan pelajaran (sumber informasi) sebuah mata kuliah bagi mahasiswa dan pengajar susuai dengan kebutuhan lapangan/industry dan tuntutan perkembangan teknologi dan atau kurikulum. Diktat adalah catatan tertulis suatu bidang studi yang disiapkan oleh guru/dosen untuk mempermudah pengayaan materi pelajaran atau bidang studi yang dibahas dalam proses pembelajaran (Ilvandri, 2011). Diktat yang baik merupakan draft buku ajar yang belum diterbitkan. Tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran a. Menyediakan buku susuai dengan kebutuhan mahasiswa, institusi dan lapangan/ industry serta serta tuntutan perkembangan teknologi atau kurikulum. b. Mendorong penulis/dosen untuk berkreasi dan kreatif membagikan ilmunya kepada masyarakat. c. Mendorong penulis untuk meng-update ilmunya sesuai dengan kriteria tuntutan buku layak terbit mencakup subdstansi, bahasa dan potensi pasar. d. Mendukung penulis untuk menerbitkan buku bila belum terbit. Isi Buku Pelajaran Isi buku pelajaran berupa teori, konsep, formula atau aturan terkini dilengkapi dengan contoh-contoh masalah atau studi kasus serta solusinya. Isi buku harus orsinil dengan merujuk dari berbagai sumber. Informasi tepat, dapat dipercaya dan dipertanggungjawabkan kepada pembaca dan semua pihak terkait. Isi tersusun dengan baik atau dengan alur informasi yang mudah dipahami. Buku pelajaran dan diktat yang baik memenuhi tiga aspek pendidikan yaitu ilmu pengetahuan (knowledge), keterampilan (skills) dan sikap atau perilaku (attitude). Aspek tersebut seperti yang dinyatakan oleh UNESCO (1994) yaitu...

Hairdressing Environmental Scan 2013 - Retail and Personal ...

The Hairdressing Industry is captured in the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) under Group 951 ‘Personal Care Services’ in class 9511 ‘Hairdressing and Beauty Services’ 1. The Hairdressing Industry in Australia is predominantly made up of small and medium enterprises, most employing between four and six people of whom a high share are apprentices. While the majority of businesses are owner operated there are some chains, including franchises. Most businesses are Australian owned with limited international ownership. Competition is high and will remain high as a large number of salons compete for clients. Enterprises which employ less than 20 people account for an estimated 96.8% of businesses, 90% of industry employment and 86% of total revenue. It is anticipated that the hairdressing and beauty industry will generate revenue of $4 billion in 2012–13, representing real growth of 2.0%, compared with the previous year. 2 In November 2011, 55,200 people were employed in the Hairdressing Industry, of which 85% were female and 60% part time employees. 3 The median age for employees in hairdressing is currently 32 years of age and 20.7% are aged 45 years and over (compared with 35.2% for all occupations). 4 Hairdressing is currently the largest employing occupation in the personal services sector and the largest employer of females in trades.

Treatment of Metastatic Prostatic Cancer With Low-Dose Prednisone ...

Treatment of Metastatic Prostatic Cancer With Low-Dose Prednisone: Evaluation of Pain and Quality of Life as Pragmatic Indices of Response By lan Tannock, Mary Gospodarowicz, William Meakin, Tony Panzarella, Lesley Stewart, and Walter Rider Thirty-seven men with symptomatic bone metastases from prostate cancer that had progressed following earlier treatment with estrogens and/or orchidectomy were treated with low-dose prednisone (7.5 to 10 mg daily). The rationale for this treatment was that some patients might still have hormone-sensitive disease that was stimulated by weak androgens of adrenal origin, and that these androgens could be suppressed by prednisone through its negative feedback on secretion of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). Response to treatment was assessed by requirement for analgesics, by the McGill-Melzack pain questionnaire, and by a series of 17 linear analog selfassessment (LASA) scales relating to pain and to various aspects of quality of life. Fourteen patients (38%) had improvement in indices used to assess pain at 1 month after starting prednisone, and seven patients (19%) maintained this improvement for 3 to 30 months (median, 4 months). Reduction in pain was...

Getting started with Logitech® Wireless Speaker Adapter for ...

Setting up the wireless speaker adapter 1. Connect the power supply to the wireless speaker adapter. 2. Plug the power supply into an AC outlet. 3. Connect the wireless speaker adapter to powered speakers or an AV receiver using the included Y-cable. 4. Press the connect button on the wireless speaker adapter to place it in Bluetooth® pairing mode. 5. The wireless speaker adapter connects to smart phones, tablets, and Bluetooth-enabled computers. Put your Bluetooth device in pairing mode. (Refer to the documentation that comes with your device for pairing instructions.) If your Bluetooth device requests a security code, PIN, or pass code, enter 0000. The Bluetooth connection is made. You’re ready to play some music. For PC users: Specifying the wireless speaker adapter as the default audio output device for your operating system Windows® XP 1. Go to the Start/Control Panel/Sounds and Audio Devices/Audio tab. 2. In the Sound Playback/Default Device window, choose Logitech Wireless Speaker Adapter. 3. Click OK, and then restart your media application. Windows® Vista and Windows® 7 1. Go to the Start/Control Panel/Hardware and Sound/Sound/Playback Devices tab. 2. Choose Playback Devices, and then choose Logitech Wireless Speaker Adapter. 3. Click Set Default, and then click OK. 4. Restart your media application. Mac® OS X 1. Open System Preferences. 2. Select the Sound/Output tab. 3. Select Logitech Wireless Speaker Adapter. 4. Restart your media application. Wireless connection indications Einrichten des Wireless Speaker Adapter 1. Schließen Sie das Stromkabel an den Adapter an. 2. Schließen Sie das Stromkabel an eine Steckdose an. 3. Schließen Sie den Wireless Speaker Adapter mithilfe des mitgelieferten Y-Kabels an Lautsprecher mit eigenem Stromanschluss oder an einen AVEmpfänger an. 4. Drücken Sie die Verbindungstaste auf dem Adapter, um ihn in den Bluetooth®-Pairing-Modus zu versetzen. 5. Der Wireless Speaker Adapter kann eine Verbindung zu Smartphones, Tablet-PCs und Bluetooth-fähigen Computern herstellen. Versetzen Sie Ihr Bluetooth-Gerät in den Pairing-Modus. (In der Dokumentation zu Ihrem Gerät finden Sie Anweisungen zum Pairing.) Falls Ihr Bluetooth-Gerät Sie zur Eingabe eines Sicherheitscodes, einer PIN oder eines Passcodes auffordert, geben Sie 0000 ein. Die Bluetooth-Verbindung wurde hergestellt. Sie können jetzt Musik hören. Für PC-Benutzer: Einrichten des Wireless Speaker Adapter als Standardgerät für die Audioausgabe auf Ihrem Betriebssystem Windows® XP 1. Klicken Sie auf „Start > Systemsteuerung > Sounds und Audiogeräte“ und wählen Sie die Registerkarte „Audio“. 2. Wählen Sie im Abschnitt „Soundwiedergabe“ unter „Standardgerät“ den Logitech Wireless Speaker Adapter. 3. Klicken Sie auf „OK“ und starten Sie Ihre Multimedia-Anwendung neu. Windows® Vista und Windows® 7 1. Klicken Sie auf „Start > Systemsteuerung > Hardware und Sound > Sound“ und wählen Sie die Registerkarte „Wiedergabegeräte“. 2. Wählen Sie „Wiedergabegeräte“ und anschließend Logitech Wireless Speaker Adapter. 3. Klicken Sie auf „Als Standard“ und anschließend auf „OK“. 4. Starten Sie die Multimedia-Anwendung neu. Mac® OS X 1. Öffnen Sie die Systemeinstellungen. 2. Wählen Sie die Registerkarte „Ton/Ausgabe“. 3. Wählen Sie den Logitech Wireless Speaker Adapter. 4. Starten Sie die Multimedia-Anwendung neu.

Parrot UNIKA for Renault cars - Source

Parrot UNIKA for Renault cars Parrot UNIKA is a universal interface that allows you to control the Parrot MKi9000/MKi9100/ MKi9200 directly with the OEM steering wheel commands. Parrot UNIKA can work with car protocols such as CAN, KBUS or resistive systems. Before installing the Unika, make sure you have the latest software update on your Parrot MKi. If you have a Parrot MKi9100, make sure you also have the 3.1 display version. To do so, select Settings > Advanced settings > Information. Installation Compatibility Car models Renault Clio: > 2006 Renault Laguna: > 2006 Renault Modus: > 2008 Parrot reference For Parrot MKi9000 / MKi9100 / MKi9200 Parrot UNIKA : PI090020AA Renault Grand Espace 4: > 2006 Renault Scénic II > 2006 Renault Megane >2006 Installation Installation of We recommend you to install the Parrot MKi before installing the the Parrot MKi UNIKA. Make sure the installation is correctly performed by checking if the «Good bye» message is displayed when you turn off the ignition. ► Refer to the documentation of your Parrot MKi for more information. Selecting the protocol Use the DIP switches located on one side of the UNIKA to select the protocol (resistive or CAN Bus / KBus) on which the vehicle is based. Warning: Make sure the UNIKA is not powered before selecting the protocol. For your car set the DIP this way. Power supply The power supply for the UNIKA interface is taken from the power cable of the Parrot MKi. It is important to follow the color code of the power cable wires: the red wire of the kit’s cable corresponds to the permanent 12V supply; the orange wire corresponds to the ignition 12V ; the black wire is for ground ; the yellow wire corresponds to the Parrot mute output. Warning : Connect the ignition to the Parrot car kit if the vehicle is based on a resistive or a K-Bus protocol. Don’t connect the ignition if the vehicle is based on a CAN protocol. On some vehicles, the 12V power wires may be reversed, in which case you must reverse the red and orange wires of the hands-free kit’s power supply. This can easily be done by reversing the two fuse holders on the kit’s power cable. 12V ignition is provided by CAN protocol

Longevity of UK Dog Breeds - VeNom Coding

The VetCompass Animal Surveillance database (5) of electronic patient records from 92 UK small animal practices covered varying periods between 2007-2011. This database was searched for records identifying dogs that either died or were euthanased. These records held animal demographics including breed, sex, neuter status, age and insured status. The summary diagnoses and clinical notes were evaluated for the veterinary-recorded reason for death and also the mechanism of death (died naturally or euthanasia). Ethical approval was granted by the RVC Ethics and Welfare Committee. This study aimed to describe the longevity of common UK dog breeds in order to scientifically inform the canine pedigree health debate. Other objectives included description of common veterinary reasons for canine mortality and to evaluate risk factors associated with dog longevity. Analysis: Following cleaning in Microsoft Excel, data were imported to Stata 11 for analysis. All-breed longevity was plotted. The median (interquartile range, IQR) longevity values for common breeds were compared. Common reasons cited for mortality were described. A quantile regression model evaluated risk factors associated with longevity: sex, neuter status, purebred size, insured status, purebred/ crossbred status. The level of significance was set at P<0.05 . From a cohort of 111,293 dogs on the VetCompass database, 4,728 deaths were identified. All-breed canine longevity was bi-modal, peaking in the first year of life and again at 13 years (Figure 1). Overall, 3,858 (86.70%) of 4,450 dogs with a mode of death recorded were euthanased. The remainder died without veterinary assistance. 1.  Royal Veterinary College, London, UK 2.  University of Sydney, Australia

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