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http://www.whatsfordinner.co.za/recipes | Who doesn’t like a helping of good old fashioned potato salad? It’s the perfect accompaniment to braai meat and even a tasty dish on its own. The ingredients are inexpensive and it’s easy to make, and if you use KNORR’s Light Yoghurt & Herb Salad Dressing your potato salad will have that classic creamy taste that this dish is known for. Amongst other easy recipes, this one must be one of the easiest. Best of all: It’s a classic dish that will impress.
Pedestal Grinder A Pedestal Grinder is primarily used in Design & Technology for heavy general purpose grinding operations. Grinding is the process of removing material by the cutting action of the countless hard and sharp abrasive particles of a revolving grinding wheel as they come in contact with the surface to be ground. The grinding wheels are held between two flanged disks. Usually a roughing or coarse-grained wheel is mounted on one end of the spindle and a fine wheel on the other. A tool rest is provided for each wheel so that the work piece may be held or steadied while being ground. The operator is protected against flying abrasive particles and ground material by the wheel guards and spark arrestors, which are integral parts of a machine. Safety glass shields are also provided for additional protection. WARNING The main types of injury are caused by: • Entanglement of hair or clothing in rotating machinery parts. • Fingers being caught between grinder wheel and work rest. • Sparks or worn abrasive may be thrown by the grinding action. • Body parts coming into contact with abrasive wheel. • Ejected material or disintegrated abrasive wheel. • Hot metal. Acknowledgment http://www.brobo.com.au
There is an increasing need for high-precision gear machining to meet customer demand for low-noise and low-vibration planetary gear systems. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI) has been developing high-precision gear-cutting technologies for use before heat treatment in the production of ring (internal) gears, one of the components of planetary gear systems. However, high-precision high-efficiency gear grinding is also essential after heat treatment to eliminate distortion and improve gear accuracy. In this paper, we report on the development of the Mitsubishi ZI20A grinding machine, the world's first internal gear grinder for use in volume production. Planetary gear systems are widely used in automatic transmissions of vehicles and power transfer systems for hybrid cars because of their compactness and high reduction ratio. There has been an increasing demand for higher precision internal gears as well as for external gears in transmissions to suppress noise and vibration. To meet this demand, gear manufacturers are seeking high-precision high-efficiency techniques for grinding internal gears after heat treatment. Figure 1 shows the manufacturing flow for the volume production of ring (internal) gears. Traditionally, ring gears have often been built into gear systems after heat treatment without being subjected to the finishing process. However, controlling the precision of gears after heat treatment...
In recent years the demands for precision machining of gears in automobile transmissions, for low noise and vibrations, has been ever increasing. Historically, conventional finish machining of gears was a pre-heat treatment operation typically by shaving. However, the requirement for higher precision forced a shift toward a post heat treatment operation using a generating process, which eliminates thermal distortion, thus enabling high quality and precision. The Mitsubishi ZE15A gear-grinding machine was duly developed for the high production line applications and launched into a domestic market typically dominated by European machines. (3) Ease of use for the user achieved via interactive dialog functions and full CNC control of all axes. This paper describes the principle of grinding and control for the ZE15A before presenting some machining examples.
930394-52 Rev. 12/22/05 4:21 PM Page 1 HYDRO-BOOST BRAKE BOOSTER Installation Guide 4. Enable ignition system and start the engine. 7. Check fluid level and add fluid if needed. 5. Turn the steering wheel from stop to stop several times. Do not hold it against the stop. 8. Again start engine and turn steering wheel from stop to stop several times (avoid turning fully against stops as much as possible). Recheck fluid level and fill as required. If there is evidence of fluid foaming, turn off engine and wait an hour for foam to clear. Lacks Power Assist Booster or Pedal Chatters X X X Looses Reserve Pressure HAIRPIN CLIP BRAKE PEDAL PUSHROD X PUSHROD SPACER PUSHROD BUSHING 6. Loosen the locknuts holding the HydroBoost unit to the firewall and then slide the linkage, nylon washers and brushing off the pedal pin. 4. Disconnect all hydraulic lines from the Hydro-Boost unit (pressure, steering gear and return lines). PRESSURE LINE MASTER CYLINDER HYDRO-BOOST SPACER X X X BRAKE LINES DO NOT DISCONNECT JDA356 STOP-LIGHT SWITCH 3. Separate the master cylinder from the mounting studs. N OT E : DO NOT disconnect the brake lines from the master cylinder unless necessary to avoid bending or damaging those lines. X Pedal Returns Slowly 5. Disconnect the Hydro-Boost pushrod linkage from the brake pedal. NOT E : It may be necessary to remove the stoplight switch from the brake pedal. If so, unplug the stoplight switch wires, remove the hairpin retainer, slide the switch off the pedal pin just far enough to permit removing the switch from the pin. Do not damage the switch. N OT E : Before beginning work, be sure vehicle is parked in a level area and that wheels are chocked to prevent unintentional movement. Read all of these instructions before attempting to install the HydroBoost unit. 2. Remove the nuts attaching the master cylinder to the Hydro-Boost unit.
Safety Recall No. 983 Brake Booster Vacuum Hose Models 2000-2001 (PL) Dodge and Plymouth Neon NOTE: This recall applies only to the above vehicles equipped with a: Ø 2.0L engine (“C” in the 8th VIN Position) built through March 21, 2001 (MDH 0321XX) or a Ø 2.0L High Output engine (“F” in the 8th VIN Position) built through April 11, 2001 (MDH 0411XX). IMPORTANT: Some of the involved vehicles may be in dealer new vehicle inventory. Federal law requires you to stop sale and complete this recall service on these vehicles before retail delivery. Dealers should also consider this requirement to apply to used vehicle inventory and should perform this recall on vehicles in for service. Involved vehicles can be determined by using the DIAL VIP System. Subject The brake booster vacuum hose on about 350,000 of the above vehicles may swell due to oil contamination and become disconnected. A disconnected hose could cause a loss of power brake assist and an increase in engine idle speed. This can increase stopping distance and cause an accident without warning. Repair The brake booster vacuum hose must be replaced. © Copyright 2001, DaimlerChrysler Corporation, All Rights Reserved Safety Recall No. 983 -- Brake Booster Vacuum Hose Page 2 Parts Information Each dealer to whom vehicles in the recall were invoiced (or the current dealer at the same street address) will receive enough Brake Booster Vacuum Hoses to service about 10% of those vehicles. Dealers should determine which brake booster vacuum hose is required for each vehicle at the time appointments are scheduled to assure that the correct part is available when the customer arrives. The vacuum hose for the vehicle to be serviced may be determined by: Ø Using the part code in the third column of the VIN list along with the following table (involved dealers); Ø Using the VIN and part number list electronically transmitted to DIAL System Function 53 (involved dealers); or...
Introduction Everybody knows that when you press your foot on the brake pedal the vehicle is supposed to stop. But how does the pressure from your foot get to the wheels with enough force to stop a heavy vehicle? In the following sections, we will study the systems and components required to allow brakes to work effectively. Course Objectives Upon completion of this course, technicians should understand and be able to apply their knowledge of: • • • • • • • • • • • • Brake functions and components Split hydraulic systems Master cylinder operations Balance control systems Power brake booster systems Disc brake operation Micrometer reading Drum brake operation Brake fluids Brake bleeding operations Brake lines and hoses Basic diagnosis Using the Job Sheets As you proceed through the online module, on some pages you will find links that will open a window with a printable procedure or job sheet containing hands-on lab activities based on the NATEF standards related to the content you are studying. When you come upon a procedure or job sheet link, click on it and print the job sheet for completion in the shop. See your instructor for guidance in completing the job sheets. Some jobs sheets will require supplemental materials such as a vehicle service manual, equipment manual, or other references. Brake System Functions Automotive brakes are designed to slow and stop a vehicle by transforming kinetic (motion) energy into heat energy. As the brake linings contact the drums/rotors they create friction which produces the heat energy. The intensity of the heat is proportional to the vehicle speed, the weight of the vehicle, and the quickness of the stop. Faster speeds, heavier vehicles, and quicker stops equal more heat. Automotive brake systems can be broken down into several different sub-systems (fig. 1): • Apply system • Boost system • Hydraulic system • Wheel brakes • Balance control system • Warning system (fig. 1) Base Brake Systems .
X-TYPE DATE 05/04 Amended 09/04 XT100-08 TECHNICAL BULLETIN SERVICE Driveshaft Vibration – Diagnostic Method – Repair MODEL 2002-04 MY X-TYPE VIN C00001-E02938 Remove and destroy Bulletin XT100-08, dated 05/04. Replace with this Bulletin. Revisions are marked with a bar and in bold text. Issue: A new procedure has been developed for use after the WDS Vehicle Vibration Analyzer (VVA) has confirmed a vehicle vibration. Action: After a driveshaft vibration has been confirmed using WDS VVA, follow the workshop procedure outlined below. WORKSHOP PROCEDURE Note: There is no Labor Time Allowance to carry out road test diagnosis. Jaguar recommends a claim of 0.50 hrs. as straight time for VVA. Warning: Driveshaft bolts are one-time use only. Use new bolts for the final repair. Existing bolts may be reused throughout the diagnostic procedures. Raise vehicle on twin-post lift. Check for alignment of the green line on the rear differential flange with white paint spot on the rear of the driveshaft. If not aligned continue from step 3; if aligned continue from step 16. Remove the rear driveshaft joint to rear differential flange bolts and links where accessible. Rotate the driveshaft and remove the remaining rear driveshaft joint to rear differential flange securing bolts and links. Displace driveshaft from the rear differential flange. Remove and discard the gasket from the rear differential flange (where installed). Clean the mating faces. Install a new gasket to the rear differential flange, if previously installed. NOTE: THE INFORMATION IN TECHNICAL BULLETINS IS INTENDED FOR USE BY TRAINED, PROFESSIONAL TECHNICIANS WITH THE KNOWLEDGE, TOOLS, AND EQUIPMENT TO DO THE JOB PROPERLY AND SAFELY. IT INFORMS THESE TECHNICIANS OF CONDITIONS THAT MAY OCCUR ON SOME VEHICLES, OR PROVIDES INFORMATION THAT COULD ASSIST IN PROPER VEHICLE SERVICE. THE PROCEDURES SHOULD NOT BE PERFORMED BY “DO-ITYOURSELFERS.” DO NOT ASSUME THAT A CONDITION DESCRIBED AFFECTS YOUR CAR. CONTACT A JAGUAR RETAILER TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE BULLETIN APPLIES TO YOUR VEHICLE. Date of issue 05/04 Amended 09/04
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Tube Replacement Instructions: CL/CLM & HECL/HECLM Models Bryan Steam, the originator and leader in the production of ﬂexible tube water and steam boilers for over 90 years, is pleased to provide you with the technical and service information you need to keep your Bryan Boiler running. These instructions will give you the information you need to remove and replace tubes on a CL/CLM or HECL/HECLM Model Bryan Boiler. Here are a few points to consider when inspecting your boiler. 1. Inspect your boiler annually to ﬁnd and replace bad tubes. 2. These are the two warning signs that a tube is bad: • A knocking sound in the tube bank of the boiler indicates a possibly clogged tube. • A white ash visible along the bottom of a tube or tubes indicates that the tube is getting too hot from reduced water ﬂow. Required Tools for Tube Replacement: 1" tube puller 1" tube driver 50/50 mixture pipe dope and cutting oil 1" paint brush 3 lb. hammer 9/16" socket wrench half round ﬁle full round ﬁle piece of emery cloth a tool to bend the tube studs (or small socket/ratchet set) ...