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Curriculum Vitae Laura Mooneyham White Professor of English 336D Andrews Hall University of Nebraska-Lincoln Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0333 (402) 472-1851; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org EDUCATION: 1980-86, Ph.D, English, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee Dissertation: "The Rhetoric of Education in Jane Austen's Novels"--John Halperin, advisor 1984, M.A., English, Vanderbilt University 1976-80, B.A., English, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 2010-present, Professor, English, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2000-2010, Associate Professor, English, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2001-present, Director, Nineteenth-Century Studies, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2004-2005, Associate Dean, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2002, Interim Director, UNL Humanities Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2001-2002, Assistant Director, UNL Humanities Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2000-present, Graduate Faculty Fellow, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 1996-2000, Assistant Dean, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 1995-96, Assistant to the Dean, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 1994-98, Visiting Associate Professor of English, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 1992-94, Associate Professor of English, Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas 1986-92, Assistant Professor of English, Trinity University 1985-86, Lecturer, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 1980-1984, University Graduate Fellow, Vanderbilt University
The tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging system for breast cancer is an internationally accepted system used to determine the disease stage. This disease stage is a measure of the extent of disease, which is used to guide management and determine prognosis. The 7th edition of the TNM staging system and the evidence supporting it are described here (table 1). The 6th edition of the TNM staging system is included for comparison (table 2). The initial evaluation, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of breast cancer are reviewed elsewhere. (See "An overview of breast cancer and treatment for early stage disease" and "Initial staging work-up for women with a diagnosis of breast cancer" and "Clinical decisions in systemic adjuvant therapy for early breast cancer".) TNM STAGING SYSTEM — The tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging system for breast cancer is based upon a retrospective analysis of survival in diverse samples of patients representing all stages of disease. It reflects the clinical evaluation methods and treatments that are applied to the particular study population. Periodic revisions are necessary because advanced imaging techniques and treatments evolve and impact survival. The 7th edition of the TNM staging system is the most recent version (table 1) . It replaces the 6th edition of the TNM staging system (table 2) . REVISIONS IN BREAST CANCER STAGING — Observed survival rates for 211,645 breast cancer cases diagnosed in years 2001-2002 and entered into the National Cancer Data Base (Commission on Cancer of the American College of Surgeons and the American Cancer Society) were used to reevaluate the prognostic value of the TNM descriptors.
The extent or stage of cancer at the time of diagnosis is a key factor that deﬁnes prognosis and is a critical element in deter mining appropriate treatment based on the experience and outcomes of groups of prior patients with similar stage. In addition, accurate staging is necessary to evaluate the results of treatments and clinical trials, to facilitate the exchange and comparison of information among treatment centers, and to serve as a basis for clinical and translational cancer research. At a national and international level, the agreement on classi ﬁcations of cancer cases provides a method of clearly convey ing clinical experience to others without ambiguity. Several cancer staging systems are used worldwide. Dif ferences among these systems stem from the needs and objectives of users in clinical medicine and in population surveillance. The most clinically useful staging system is the tumor node metastasis (TNM) system maintained collabor atively by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the International Union for Cancer Control (UICC). The TNM system classiﬁes cancers by the size and extent of the primary tumor (T), involvement of regional lymph node (N), and the presence or absence of distant metasta ses (M), supplemented in recent years by carefully selected nonanatomic prognostic factors. There is a TNM staging algorithm for cancers of virtually every anatomic site and histology, with the primary exception in this manual being staging of pediatric cancers.
*Note: A tumor may penetrate the muscularis propria with extension into the gastrocolic or gastrohepatic ligaments, or into the greater or lesser omentum, without perforation of the visceral peritoneum covering these structures. In this case, the tumor is classified T3. If there is perforation of the visceral peritoneum covering the gastric ligaments or the omentum, the tumor should be classified T4. **The adjacent structures of the stomach include the spleen, transverse colon, liver, diaphragm, pancreas, abdominal wall, adrenal gland, kidney, small intestine, and retroperitoneum. ***Intramural extension to the deodenum or esophagus is classified by the depth of the greatest invasion in any of these sites, including the stomach. Reprinted with the permission of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), Chicago, Illinois. The original source for this material is the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, Seventh Edition (2010) published by Springer Science and Business Media LLC, www.springer.com. Stomach. In: Edge SE, Byrd DR, Carducci MA, Compton CC, eds. AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2010:117-126.
Upon completion of this article, the reader will be able to discuss the historical perspective leading up to the 7th edition of the AJCC TNM staging manual, highlight the changes made to the 7th edition, provide a radiologic perspective regarding the changes, and discuss the current limitations and future directions of the TNM staging guidelines. Accreditation: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education through the joint sponsorship of Tufts University School of Medicine (TUSM) and Thieme Medical Publishers, New York. TUSM is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians. Credit: Tufts University School of Medicine designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
An abstract is a brief comprehensive summary of the paper between 150 and 250 words. Do not add to or comment on the body of the work here. It provides the reader with a brief overview of the article. This paper is a guide to writing a general paper in according to the Publication Manual Type the abstract in block format, one paragraph, no indentations and double spaced. of the American Psychological Association. The guide instructs a user on how to format a paper in APA style, illustrating structure, style and content, as well as presenting detailed examples of references cited, including print examples of books, magazine articles and reference works. Additional examples are provided for electronic versions of the above. There are several different types of articles appropriate for publication in the APA or American Psychological Association style. These include reports of empirical 1 inch margins on all sides studies, literature reviews, theoretical articles, methodological articles, and case studies. Each of these types of articles follows a proscribed format. Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition for the most up to date 1 inch margins on all sides. Leave right side ragged and do not hyphenate words.
Some assignments will call for an abstract. An abstract is a summary of your paper. An abstract should be short and concise but include the topic of your paper, the main points you are writing about, and the conclusions you reach. Do not indent the 1st line of your Abstract It should be written in block format Include a brief sentence summary for all sections of your paper. An abstract is typically 150-250 words long. Your paper should: word Introduction as a heading. It is understood that the opening paragraph of your paper is your introduction. The APA suggests the following set up for an * be double spaced * have 1 inch margins introduction: Introduce the problem, explore the importance of the problem, describe relevant scholarship, and explain your approach to solving the problem. This may vary depending on your assignment. * be typed in Times font * indent paragraphs ½ inch or 5-7 spaces The Body of your Paper Headings should After you write the introduction, you will develop the body of the paper. be boldfaced, centered, and all major words In a formal psychology paper documenting an experiment, the standard capitalized structure for an experiment is: Method, Results, Discussion. Each of these Footnotes can be used to provide additional information sections would use a heading to guide the reader through the paper. The paper ends with References, Footnotes, Appendices and Supplemental Materials1. Consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
o This paper is in the University of Chicago Style—the standard for history. SO YOU CAN USE IT AS A MODEL FOR CITATION. Linguistics: http://www.dianahacker.com/pdfs/Hacker-Shaw-APA.pdf o This piece is written in APA format, so it may be somewhat useful to you. Many linguistics faculty use MLA format instead. Chemistry: http://www.mel.nist.gov/msidlibrary/doc/framework.pdf#search=%22chemistry%20an d%20%22sample%20paper%22%22 o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Education: http://depts.gallaudet.edu/englishworks/writing/apa_sample.html o This paper is written in APA format. SO YOU CAN USE IT AS A MODEL FOR CITATION. Sociology: http://www.teced.com/PDFs/upa2003_lk_tk_paper.pdf#search=%22sociology%20and %20%22sample%20paper%22%22 o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Political Science: http://www.usca.edu/polisci/apls301/sample%20research%20paper.doc o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Film Studies: http://www.filmstudies.ucsb.edu/courses/101ApaperSCAN.pdf o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Economics: http://www.mptceconomics.org/data/Australia_Economy_Article_Critique.pdf o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. English: http://www.dianahacker.com/pdfs/Hacker-Lars-MLA.pdf. o This paper is written in MLA format. SO YOU CAN USE IT AS A MODEL FOR CITATION. Engineering: http://wwwlisc.clermont.cemagref.fr/Labo/MembresEtPagesIntermediaires/pagesperso/ anciens_membres/amblard_frederic/ressources/2002/AmblardAIS%202002.pdf o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Computer Science: http://www.uninova.pt/~cam/ev/AIS2002cam.pdf#search=%22sociology%20and%20% 22sample%20paper%22%22 o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD
The Luther Rice University & Seminary Manual of Style has been designed as a supplement to Kate L. Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers, 7th ed., rev. Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007), for use at LRU. Turabian should be consulted for matters not addressed in this manual. There are some LRU faculty members that have contributed in one way or another to the production of this manual. In particular, Dr. James M. Kinnebrew, Dean of the Faculty and Professor of Theology, and his wife, Mrs. Sandra Kinnebrew, deserve special mention for producing the university’s first research and writing guide, Your Simple Guide to the Sample Research Paper: An LRS Primer to Writing Turabian Style (2003), of which forms the majority of the first edition of the LRU Style Manual. At one time or another, Smith Library staff have contributed to sections 2 – 4. Originally separate published documents, these guides have helped students over the last decade avoid the pitfalls of plagiarism and citation mistakes. We thought it appropriate to incorporate this valuable information in this first edition. The contributor to the sample research paper contained herein, often referred to as “that hell paper” (further description of this contribution is contained in Dr. Kinnebrew’s introduction) is former LRU student Marvin M.P. Mullins, who graciously gave permission for its use.
THE SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION REGARDING THE PRODUCTS IN THIS MANUAL ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. ALL STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN THIS MANUAL ARE BELIEVED TO BE ACCURATE BUT ARE PRESENTED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. USERS MUST TAKE FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR APPLICATION OF ANY PRODUCTS. THE SOFTWARE LICENSE AND LIMITED WARRANTY FOR THE ACCOMPANYING PRODUCT ARE SET FORTH IN THE INFORMATION PACKET THAT SHIPPED WITH THE PRODUCT AND ARE INCORPORATED HEREIN BY THIS REFERENCE. IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO LOCATE THE SOFTWARE LICENSE OR LIMITED WARRANTY, CONTACT YOUR CISCO REPRESENTATIVE FOR A COPY. The Cisco implementation of TCP header compression is an adaptation of a program developed by the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) as part of UCB’s public domain version of the UNIX operating system. All rights reserved. Copyright © 1981, Regents of the University of California. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER WARRANTY HEREIN, ALL DOCUMENT FILES AND SOFTWARE OF THESE SUPPLIERS ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITH ALL FAULTS. CISCO AND THE ABOVE-NAMED SUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OR ARISING FROM A COURSE OF DEALING, USAGE, OR TRADE PRACTICE. IN NO EVENT SHALL CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR LOSS OR DAMAGE TO DATA ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS MANUAL, EVEN IF CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R) Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental. Cisco Collaboration System 10.x SRND © 2012-2014 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.