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makalah penyakit diabetes

Diabetes on the Rise: A Costly Epidemic

http://benefitpackages.com/ | The reasons underlying the surge in diabetes are complex and involve changes to our food environment, our lifestyles, and public policy. While there is no cure for diabetes, Type 2 diabetes can effectively be reversed in many, with lifestyle changes and good health care services.

Treatment for Diabetes during Pregnancy - Magnacode, Hyderabad

Managing diabetes during pregnancy is important as it can affect the health of both baby and mother. Get treatment and care from Magnacode - the best hospital in Hyderabad for diabetes treatment. Visit: http://www.magnacode.co.in/diabetes-in-pregnancy/

Is your child’s growth normal? - Ask Dr Mathew John

Does your child need a growth evaluation? Read 8 signs that indicate your child needs a growth check up. An article published by Providence Endocrine and Diabetes Specialty Centre, Trivandrum. Visit: http://www.providence.co.in/index.php/blog/child-growth-evaluation

laporan eksekutif menteri kesehatan ri tentang ... - unaids

Pandemi HIV/AIDS yang mengancam penduduk dunia saat ini telah nyata menunjukkan berbagai dampak sosial dan ekonomi bahkan keamanan negara disamping dampak kesehatan. AIDS ditemukan di Amerika 20 tahun yang lalu (1981) merupakan penyakit yang relatif baru tapi telah menyita perhatian masyarakat global. AIDS adalah sekumpulan gejala yang terjadi akibat menurun atau hilangnya daya tahan tubuh seseorang. Karena itu disebut Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Penyebabnya sejenis virus yang disebut Human Immunodeficiency Virus yang dapat berada dalam tubuh seseorang tanpa menimbulkan gejala sakit yang berarti, selama bertahun tahun bahkan 10 – 11 tahun. Sulit bagi kita secara kasat mata mengetahui seseorang mengidap virus HIV atau tidak. Saat ini belum ditemukan obat yang dapat menyembuhkan dan vaksin yang dapat mencegah/menangkalnya. Epidemi HIV/AIDS di Indonesia telah bergerak dari suatu tingkat epidemi yang rendah yaitu prevalensi < 1 % ke arah tingkat epidemi terkonsentrasi dimana pada kelompok risiko tinggi tertentu telah melebihi angka 5% seperti di Sorong, Merauke, Riau untuk kelompok Wanita Penjaja Seks (WPS) dan Jakarta, Jabar, Bali untuk kelompok Injecting Drug User (IDU). Laporan HIV/AIDS di Indonesia secara Kumulatif tahun 2001 tercatat AIDS 671, HIV 1904 namun berdasarkan perkiraan para ahli saat ini kemungkinan di Indonesia terdapat 80.000 – 120.000 Orang yang Hidup Dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA) artinya bahwa dalam 10 tahun mendatang kemungkinan akan ditemukan 100.000 orang yang sakit dan meninggal karena AIDS. Sidang kabinet khusus HIV/ AIDS ini memberi peluang terwujudnya komitmen politik yang tinggi dan berbagai kebijakan, strategi baru.

Tatacara_Menyusun_DLA
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Kejadian bencana di Indonesia menjadi bagian yang tak terelakkan dampaknya di lndonesia, dan baru disadari semenjak terjadinya bencana gempa bumi dan tsunami yang dahsyat di wilayah Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam dan Kepulauan Nias, Provinsi Sumatera Utara, gempa bumi di wilayah Provinsi Dl Yogyakarta dan Provinsi Jawa Tengah pada Mei 2006, serta beberapa kejadian bencana lainnya pada tahun 2007. Sebagai negara kepulauan, hampir seluruh daerah pesisir lndonesia rawan bahaya geologi terrnasuk tsunami. Selain itu, kerusakan lingkungan akibat eksploitasi sumber daya alam yang berlebihan menyebabkan hampir seluruh wilayah Indonesia rawan bencana banjir, longsor, kekeringan. Miskinnya pemahaman terhadap sanitasi lingkungan juga mudah memicu terjadinya wabah penyakit Kejadian bencana tersebut menuntut upaya tanggap darurat secara cepat dan menyeluruh bagi korban dan wilayah yang terkena dampak bencana, serta upaya tindak lanjut berikutnya dalam rangka pemulihan kehidupan masyarakat dan daerah pasca bencana. Dalam rangka melanjutkan tugas Tim Koordinasi Perencanaan dan Pengendalian Penanganan Bencana semenjak tahun 2007 melalui Surat Keputusan Meneg PPN/Kepala Bappenas No. Kep. OllA/M.PPN/01/2008, telah dibentuk Sekretariat Perencanaan dan Pengendalian Penanganan Bencana (P3B) dengan tugas-tugas mengumpulkan dan mengolah data dan informasi untuk mendukung pelaksanaan tugas Tim Koordinasi Perencanaan dan Pengendalian Penanganan Bencana termasuk menyusun laporan pelaksanaan kepada Tim Pengarah, mendukung dan memfasilitasi koordinasi antara pemerintah pusat, pemerintah daerah dan lembaga donor. Salah satu tugas pengolahan data dan informasi adalah yang telah dilaksanakan adalah penilaian kerusakan dan kerugian (Damages and Losses Assessment) sebagai rujukan Rencana Aksi Rehabilitasi dan Rekonstruksi di berbagai lokasi pasca bencana di Indonesia Dalam melakukan penilaian kerusakan dan kerugian, Sekretariat P3B menggunakan metode ECLAC (Economic Commissionfor Latin America and the Caribbean)yang sudah banyak diaplikasikan untuk penilaian kerusakan dan kerugian pasca bencana di berbagai negara.

What I need to know about Gestational Diabetes - National Diabetes ...

Contents What is gestational diabetes? ................................. 1 What causes gestational diabetes? ........................ 3 What are my chances of getting gestational diabetes? .................................................................. 4 How can I lower my chances of getting gestational diabetes?............................................... 5 When will I be tested for gestational diabetes? .................................................................. 6 How is gestational diabetes diagnosed?................ 6 How will gestational diabetes affect my baby? .................................................................. 8 Will I need extra tests during pregnancy to check my baby’s health? ................................... 10 How will gestational diabetes affect me?............ 11 How is gestational diabetes treated?................... 13 Eating, Diet, and Nutrition .................................. 14 How will I know whether my blood glucose levels are on target?................................. 17 Will I need to do other tests on my own? ........... 19 After I have my baby, how can I find out whether I still have diabetes? ........................ 20

Am I at risk for gestational diabetes? - NICHD - National Institutes of ...

What is gestational diabetes? Gestational diabetes (pronounced jess-TAY-shun-ul die-uh-BEET-eez) is a type of high blood sugar that only pregnant women get. In fact, the word “gestational” means pregnant. If a woman gets high blood sugar when she’s pregnant, but she never had high blood sugar before, she has gestational diabetes. Between 2 percent and 10 percent of U.S. pregnancies are affected by the condition every year,1 making it one of the top health concerns related to pregnancy. If not treated, gestational diabetes can cause problems for mothers and babies, some of them serious. But there is good news. Most of the time, gestational diabetes goes away after the baby is born. The changes in your body that cause gestational diabetes normally occur only when you are pregnant. After the baby is born, your body goes back to normal and the condition goes away. Gestational diabetes is treatable, and the best outcomes result from careful management and control of blood sugar levels. The best way to control gestational diabetes is to find out you have it early and start treatment quickly. Treating gestational diabetes—even if you don’t have any symptoms or your symptoms are mild— greatly reduces health problems for mother and baby.

Gestational Diabetes, My pregnancy, my baby, and me - Texas ...

What is Gestational Diabetes? Gestational diabetes occurs when your body cannot make adequate use of sugar in the blood. It is first found during pregnancy. Your blood sugar can become normal when your baby is born. Insulin is needed for your cells to use sugar as fuel for energy. Insulin is made in the pancreas. If you have diabetes, your pancreas is unable to match the insulin it makes to the amount of sugar in your blood. This causes you to have high blood sugar. • When your blood sugar is high during pregnancy, extra sugar goes to your baby. • Your baby gets extra calories from the sugar and stores them as fat. This can make your baby weigh more at birth and make delivery harder. • Your baby’s pancreas makes extra insulin to handle the high blood sugar from you. • After birth your baby keeps making extra insulin. This causes your baby to have low blood sugar. Your baby may have to stay in the hospital to get the blood sugar level back to normal. What does this mean for my pregnancy? You will need to keep your blood sugar at a normal level to help your baby grow well and stay healthy. If your blood sugar is high you may develop problems during your pregnancy. The problems can include: • High blood pressure (hypertension) • Delivering your baby by C-section (cesarean section) • Bladder infection (urinary-tract infection) What does gestational diabetes mean for my baby? Keeping your blood sugar at normal levels while you are pregnant will protect your baby and keep your baby growing well. But if your blood sugar stays high, your baby may: • have yellowish skin (jaundice). • be very large (macrosomia). • stay in the hospital extra days after birth with very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). • have a difficult birth that causes shoulder problems (brachial plexus). • have breathing problems (respiratory distress syndrome).

Gestational Diabetes Guideline - Group Health Cooperative

Last guideline approval: January 2011 Guidelines are systematically developed statements to assist patients and providers in choosing appropriate health care for specific clinical conditions. While guidelines are useful aids to assist providers in determining appropriate practices for many patients with specific clinical problems or prevention issues, guidelines are not meant to replace the clinical judgment of the individual provider or establish a standard of care. The recommendations contained in the guidelines may not be appropriate for use in all circumstances. The inclusion of a recommendation in a guideline does not imply coverage. A decision to adopt any particular recommendation must be made by the provider in light of the circumstances presented by the individual patient. Gestational Diabetes Screening and Treatment Guideline Copyright © 2002–2011 Group Health Cooperative. All rights reserved.

Summary and Recommendations of the Fifth ... - Diabetes Care

Thus, for the interim, the participants of the Fifth International Workshop-Conference on GDM endorsed a motion to continue use of the definition, classification criteria, and strategies for detection and diagnosis of GDM that were recommended at the Fourth Workshop-Conference. Those guidelines are reproduced (with minor modifications) in this article in APPENDIX Tables 1 and 2. he Fifth International WorkshopConference on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) was held in Chicago, IL, 11–13 November 2005 under the sponsorship of the American Diabetes Association. The meeting provided a forum for review of new information concerning GDM in the areas of pathophysiology, epidemiology, perinatal outcome, long-range implications for mother and her offspring, and management strategies. New information and recommendations related to each of these major topics are summarized in the report that follows. The issues regarding strategies and criteria for the detection and diagnosis of GDM were not reviewed or discussed in detail, since it is anticipated that the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study will provide data in mid-2007 that will foster the development of criteria for the diagnosis SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS — The invited lectures, topical discussions, and posters presented at the conference and the invited manuscripts that appear in this issue of Diabetes Care served as the basis for the following summary and recommendations.

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