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Al Qaeda (AQ) has evolved into a significantly different terrorist organization than the one that perpetrated the September 11, 2001, attacks. At the time, Al Qaeda was composed mostly of a core cadre of veterans of the Afghan insurgency against the Soviet Union, with a centralized leadership structure made up mostly of Egyptians. Most of the organization’s plots either emanated from the top or were approved by the leadership. Some analysts describe pre-9/11 Al Qaeda as akin to a corporation, with Osama Bin Laden acting as an agile Chief Executive Officer issuing orders and soliciting ideas from subordinates. Some would argue that the Al Qaeda of that period no longer exists. Out of necessity, due to pressures from the security community, in the ensuing years it has transformed into a diffuse global network and philosophical movement composed of dispersed nodes with varying degrees of independence. The core leadership, headed by Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, is thought to live in the mountainous tribal belt of northwest Pakistan bordering Afghanistan, where it continues to train operatives, recruit, and disseminate propaganda. But Al Qaeda franchises or affiliated groups active in countries such as Yemen and Somalia now represent critical power centers in the larger movement. Some affiliates receive money, training, and weapons; others look to the core leadership in Pakistan for strategic guidance, theological justification, and a larger narrative of global struggle.
A l-Qa’ida seems to be on its heels. The death of Osama bin Laden and the fall of Arab dictators have left its leadership in disarray, its narrative confused, and the organization on the defensive. One silver lining for al-Qaida, however, has been its affiliate organizations. In Iraq, the Maghreb, Somalia, Yemen, and elsewhere, alQa’ida has used local groups to expand its reach, increase its power, and grow its numbers. This string of mergers is not over. In places as diverse as the Sinai Peninsula and Nigeria, al-Qa’ida-linked organizations are emerging. However, the jihadist world is more fractured than it may appear at first glance. Many Salafi-jihadist groups have not joined with al-Qa’ida, and even if they have, tensions and divisions occur that present the United States and its allies with opportunities for weakening the bond. at the same time, several Salafi-jihadist groups chose not to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, including Egypt’s Gamaat al-Islamiyya and Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG), and fighters in Chechnya, Gaza, and Pakistan maintained their distance as well. Motivations to the Affiliate for Joining There are a number of reasons why a group may choose to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, some practical, some ideological, and some personal: • • Al-Qa’ida has always been both a group with its own agenda and a facilitator of other terrorist groups. This meant that it not only carried out attacks on U.S. targets in Kenya, Tanzania, and Yemen throughout the 1990s, but it helped other jihadist groups with funding, training, and additional logistical essentials. Toward the end of the 1990s, alQa’ida incorporated Egyptian Islamic Jihad into its structure. After September 11, 2001, this process of deepening its relationship with outside groups took off, and today a number of regional groups bear the label “al-Qa’ida” in their name, along with a more local designation.
There are various fantastic novels, like silke, you can go through throughout your free time. In fact, it will not be simple to distinguish the favorable types through the average literature. Could very well be asking yourself how you are likely to find that novel that you might curl track of on top of your chair. Here are several tricks. The synopsis will often be found at the back manage or located on the essential flap associated with the book. You get a specific concept of whatever the narrative will probably be and what exactly the people are similar to, by checking this. This can certainly be useful in picking out the manual that will actually help keep you entertained.
Bimbel SBMPTN 2013 Tes Potensi Akademik by Pak Anang (http://pak-anang.blogspot.com) Halaman 1 Kumpulan SMART SOLUTION dan TRIK SUPERKILAT Pembahasan Soal SNMPTN 2012 Tes Potensi Akademik Kode Soal 613 Penalaran Deduktif (Penarikan Kesimpulan) By Pak Anang (http://pak-anang.blogspot.com) 16. Semua warga negara yang berumur di atas 17 tahun memiliki hak pilih. 18. Semua siswa S-1 berumur di atas 17 tahun. A. B. C. D. E. Siswa yang pandai dalam pelajaran kimia, juga pandai dalam pelajaran matematika. Siswa yang pandai dalam pelajaran matematika, rajin belajar. Semua mahasiswa S-1 memiliki hak pilih. Semua warga negara memiliki hak pilih. Tidak semua siswa S-1 memiliki hak pilih. Tidak ada mahasiswa S-1 yang memiliki hak pilih. Tidak ada warga negara yang memiliki hak pilih menjadi mahasiswa S-1. Semua warga negara yang berumur di atas 17 tahun memiliki hak pilih. Semua siswa S-1 berumur di atas 17 tahun, jadi semua mahasiswa S-1 memiliki hak pilih. A. Siswa yang tidak pandai dalam pelajaran kimia, rajin belajar. B. Siswa yang pandai dalam pelajaran kimia, rajin belajar. C. Siswa yang pandai dalam pelajaran kimia, tidak rajin belajar. D. Siswa yang tidak pandai dalam pelajaran kimia dan matematika, rajin belajar. E. Siswa yang tidak pandai dalam pelajaran matematika, rajin belajar. Langkah penyelesaian TRIK SUPERKILAT: Pembahasan: Pembahasan: Siswa yang pandai kimia, juga pandai matematika. Siswa yang pandai matematika, juga rajin belajar. Jadi siswa yang pandai kimia, juga rajin belajar. Jawaban B salah karena hanya yang sudah di atas 17 tahun yang punya hak pilih. Langkah penyelesaian TRIK SUPERKILAT: 17. Dengan menggunakan pola AAA-1 pada silogisme kategorik tipe 1, jawaban jelas A. (Baca penjelasan lengkap tentang silogisme kategorik disini) Jawaban C, D, E salah, karena jika semua premis adalah proposisi universal, maka kesimpulannya pasti proposisi universal, yang menggunakan kata semua.
The September 11 Travel Operation The success of the September 11 plot depended on the ability of the hijackers to obtain visas and pass an immigration and customs inspection in order to enter the United States. It also depended on their ability to remain here undetected while they worked out the operational details of the attack. If they had failed on either count—entering and becoming embedded—the plot could not have been executed. Here we present the facts and circumstances of the hijackers’ travel operation, including their 25 contacts with consular officers and their 43 contacts with immigration and customs authorities. We also discuss the 12 contacts with border authorities by other September 11 conspirators who applied for a visa. The narrative is chronological, retracing the hijackers’ steps from their initial applications for U.S. visas, through their entry into the United States, to their applications for immigration benefits, and up through their acquisition of state identifications that helped them board the planes. Along the way, we note relevant actions by U.S. government authorities to combat terrorism. There were a few lucky breaks for U.S. border authorities in this story. Mostly, though, it is a story of how 19 hijackers easily penetrated U.S. border security. Overview of the hijacker’s visas The 9/11 hijackers submitted 23 visa applications during the course of the plot, and 22 of these applications were approved. The hijackers applied for visas at five U.S. consulates or embassies overseas; two of them were interviewed.
Popular culture provides materials out of which people create their identities. Since it plays such a prominent role in current society, particularly with youth, it is crucial for clinicians to engage with popular culture as a therapeutic tool. This article espouses some of the key tenets of the interdisciplinary field of cultural studies, a useful methodology in analyzing popular culture and the mass media. Paying attention to how therapy clients make meaning of media texts can be a powerful therapeutic tool. A case example with a gay youth, Steven—who inserts himself into the text of the Harry Potter stories—illustrates a cultural studies-informed therapeutic approach that draws both upon cultural studies methods and a strong theoretical partner, queer theory. By using a queer cultural studies viewpoint, Steven uncovered some of the hidden “queer” readings and messages in the Harry Potter books that helped him find support for his own sexual identity. In contemporary society, popular media culture is the dominant culture. The culture industries (organizations that produce and distribute art, entertainment, and/ or information) produce images and messages that provide the very materials out of which people constitute their identities (Barker, 2000). Media images supply the models out of which people construct their sense of gender, race, class, nationality, sexuality, and ethnicity. Media stories also provide the symbols, myths, and resources which help constitute a common culture for the majority of people in contemporary global, capitalist societies. Media culture helps induce individuals to identify with dominant discourses, values, institutions, and practices (Miller, 2001).
Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) and related syndromes are common in medical care and the general population, are associated with extensive morbidity, and have a large impact on functioning. Much of medical practice emphasizes speciﬁc pharmacological and surgical intervention for discrete disease states. Medical science, with its emphasis on identifying etiologically meaningful diseases comprised of homogeneous groups of patients, has split MUPS into a number of diagnostic entities or syndromes, each with its own hypothesized pathogenesis. However, research suggests these syndromes may be more similar than different, sharing extensive phenomenological overlap and similar risk factors, treatments, associated morbidities, and prognoses. Examples of syndromes consisting of MUPS include chronic fatigue syndrome, ﬁbromyalgia, multiple chemical sensitivities, somatoform disorders, and ‘Gulf War Syndrome.’ Review Summary: This paper is a narrative review of the increasing body of evidence suggesting that MUPS and related syndromes are common, disabling, and costly. It emphasizes that MUPS occur along a continuum of symptom count, severity, and duration and may be divided into acute, subacute (or recurrent), and chronic types. Predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors inﬂuence the natural history of MUPS.
1888 PressRelease - Through narrative and advice, Phyllis R. Brown delivers hope and inspiration in the newly released edition of her book, Help Me! I'm Slipping, a memoir of her relationship with her husband who fell victim to Alzheimer's disease.
Tujuan utama dari pekerjaan ini adalah melakukan penyusunan alternatif kebijakan dan penerapan langkah-langkah kegiatan yang tepat secara operasional pada wilayah yang berada pada daerah yang rawan dan sering terlanda bencana alam. Sasaran dari Penyusunan Operasionalisasi Program Penanganan Bencana Alam Bidang Penataan Ruang ini ialah memberikan arah yang jelas bentuk-bentuk penanganan yang baku untuk semua wilayah yang berada pada daerah yang rawan dan sering terlanda bencana alam, mulai dari identifikasi RTRW, indikasi evakuasi yang sesuai dengan Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah (RTRW), serta pemulihan dan pembinaan lingkungan dalam rencana tata ruang yang akan datang. Kegiatan ini juga diharapkan sebagai bahan dan petunjuk dengan kondisi geografis, tingkat kerawanan dan tingkat bahaya yang ditimbulkan bila terjadi bencana alam, ditunjang dari aspek keruangan. Salah satu langkah awal yang perlu dikaji dalam melaksanakan pekerjaan “Penyusunan Program Penangan Bencana Alam Bidang Penataan Ruang” adalah : 1. Penetapan Kriteria atau batasan Peristiwa Bencana Alam 2. Gambaran Umum Mekanisma Peristiwa Bencana Alam yang terjadi Di Indonesia Kedua hal tersebut selanjutnya menjadi masukan dalam penyusunan Identifikas Zonasi Daerah Bencana Di Indonesia. Identifikasi Zonasi Daerah Bencana Di Indonesia tersebut selanjutnya menjadi salah satu masukan penting dalam menyusun Standar Operasional Prosedur dan Program Penanganan Bencana alam Bidang Penataan Ruang, yang dapat mewakili berbagai peristiwa bencana alam yang terjadi di Indonesia.
JANE WILLIAMS, PhD, RN Dean and Professor of Nursing School of Nursing, Rhode Island College 600 Mt. Pleasant Avenue, Providence, RI 02908 TEL: 401 456-9608: FAX: 401 456-8206 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org CURRENT EMPLOYMENT Rhode Island College, Dean and Professor of Nursing, School of Nursing, 1975-present; initial appointment as assistant professor, 1975; appointed Professor, 1995, Department Chairperson, 2000, and Dean, 2007. EDUCATION University of Rhode Island, College of Nursing, Kingston, Rhode Island, Ph.D., Nursing, 1995. New York University, School of Education, New York, New York, M.A., Major in Education and Minor in Nursing, 1968; University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, Michigan, B.S.N. with Distinction, 1966. PUBLICATIONS Williams, J., Brumbaugh, M. & Vares, L., (2006), “Education to improve interdisciplinary practice of health care professionals: A pilot project”, Medicine & Health, Rhode Island, 89 (9), p. 312-313. Mosser, N., Williams, J. & Wood, C. (2006), “The use of progression testing throughout nursing programs: How two colleges promote success on NCLEX-RN”. Annual Review of Nursing Education. Vol.4, p. 305-319. Newman, M. and Williams, J. (2003) "Educating Nurses in Rhode Island: A lot of diversity in a little place", Journal of Cultural Diversity, Vol. 10, No. 3, p. 91-95. Williams, J., (2001) “The Clinical Notebook: Using Student Portfolios to Enhance Teaching and Learning, Journal of Nursing Education. Vol. 40, p. 135-137. Ferszt, G., Massotti, E., Miller, J. & Williams, J. (2000) “Art on Rounds: Research Study of an in-patient oncology unit”, Illness Crisis and Loss. Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 189-199. Williams, J. (1999) “When Interns Meet Managed Care” [Letter to the Editor]. New York Times, p. 30A. Williams, J., Wood, C., & Cunningham-Warburton, P. (1999) “A Narrative Study of Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia”. Oncology Nursing Forum. Vol. 26, pp. 1463-1468. Willliams, J. (1999) “Health Policy Tool Kit Helps Students to Get Involved”. ONS Newsletter, 14 (9) p 5.