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Centrifugal Pumps For today’s machinery and tomorrow’s demands, Hypro centrifugal pumps lead the industry! Pump capabilities range up to 440 gpm and 190 psi. With the largest selection of models, Hypro allows you to match the right pump to your equipment and task. Use Hypro centrifugal pumps for chemical spraying and transfer applications. The broad, versatile line includes models with rugged housings of cast iron, stainless steel and polypropylene that stand up to strong chemical attack. Stainless steel pumps are ideal for use with Roundup® or other acid applications. Polypropylene pumps are lightweight and provide excellent resistance to corrosive chemicals. Choose from gear, pedestal, , flange, DC clutch, hydraulic motor and belt drives, as well as models that are closed-coupled to gasoline engines. All of the Hypro centrifugal pumps share these quality features: : • Compatible with corrosive, abrasive and general use chemicals • Models with high volume (440 gpm), high pressure (190 psi) capabilities • Nylon, polypropylene, or GTX impellers on most models • Hydraulically-driven models feature high-efficiency, cast-iron hydraulic motor • Hydraulic motor equipped with proprietary double-lip Teflon seals • Life Guard® silicon carbide mechanical seals standard on all stainless steel pumps and available in select cast iron and polypropylene models (See page 53 for details.) • Viton mechanical seals standard on cast iron and polypropylene models • Standard shafts are stainless steel • Stainless steel wear ring for extended life on cast iron models • Hydraulically-driven pumps are max performance tested using proprietary software 15 15 Gear Driven, Cast Iron Series 9000C-O • Planetary oil-bath gear drive • Port sizes: 11⁄2" NPT inlet, 11⁄4" NPT outlet • Max. fluid temperature: 140°F/60°C • Housing: cast iron • Impeller: Nylon • Pump shaft rotation: CCW* • Weight: 44 lbs./20 kg • Pump seals: Viton/ceramic standard; Life Guard® silicon carbide (B) and Buna-N ceramic available Order Information Model Number Max GPM Max PSI Max RPM 9006C-O 117 78 600 9008C-O 110 75 1000 9016C-O 117 78 600 9018C-O 110 75 1000 9028C-O 110 75 1000 90029 110 75 1000 3430-0334 Seal and o-ring repair kit 3430-0591 Life Guard® silicon carbide seal kit Life Guard® silicon carbide seal - Add sufﬁx “B” (i.e.: 9006C-O-B) ...
© Copyright by KSB Aktiengesellschaft Published by: KSB Aktiengesellschaft, Communications (V5), 67225 Frankenthal / Germany All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be used, reproduced, stored in or intro duced in any kind of retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electro nic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without the prior written permission of the publisher. 4th completely revised and ex panded edition 2005 Layout, drawings and composition: KSB Aktiengesellschaft, Media Production V51 ISBN 3-00-017841-4 ... Contents Nomenclature...................................................................6 Pump Types .................................................................8–9 Selection for Pumping Water. .........................................10 . Pump Data................................................................................10 Pump Flow Rate.......................................................................10 Developed Head and Developed Pressure of the Pump. ............10 . Efficiency and Input Power.......................................................10 Speed of Rotation.....................................................................11 Specific Speed and Impeller Type. .............................................11 . Pump Characteristic Curves......................................................13 System Data..............................................................................16 System Head ............................................................................16 Bernoulli’s Equation..................................................................16 Pressure Loss Due to Flow Resistances.....................................18 . Head Loss in Straight Pipes.......................................................18 Head Loss in Valves and Fittings. .............................................22 . System Characteristic Curve. ....................................................26 . Pump Selection.........................................................................28 . Hydraulic Aspects.....................................................................28 Mechanical Aspects..................................................................29
Centrifugal pump A centrifugal pump is a rotodynamic pump that uses a rotating impeller to increase the pressure of a fluid. Centrifugal pumps are commonly used to move liquids through a piping system. The fluid enters the pump impeller along or near to the rotating axis and is accelerated by the impeller, flowing radially outward into a diffuser or volute chamber (casing), from where it exits into the downstream piping system. Centrifugal pumps are used for large discharge through smaller heads. History Warman centrifugal pump in a Coal Handling and Preparation Plant (CHPP) application According to Reti, the Brazilian soldier and historian of science, the first machine that could be characterized as a centrifugal pump was a mud lifting machine which appeared as early as 1475 in a treatise by the Italian Renaissance engineer Francesco di Giorgio Martini. True centrifugal pumps were not developed until the late 17th century, when Denis Papin made one with straight vanes. The curved vane was introduced by British inventor John Appold in 1851. How it works Like most pumps, a centrifugal pumps converts mechanical energy from a motor to energy of a moving fluid; some of the energy goes into kinetic energy of fluid motion, and some into potential energy, represented by a fluid pressure or by lifting the fluid against gravity to a higher level. The transfer of energy from the mechanical rotation of the impeller to the motion and pressure of the fluid is usually described in terms of centrifugal force, especially in older sources written before the modern concept of centrifugal force as a fictitious force in a rotating reference frame was well articulated. The concept of centrifugal force is not actually required to describe the action of the centrifugal pump. In the modern centrifugal pump, most of the energy conversion is due Cutaway view of centrifugal pump to the outward force that curved impeller blades impart on the fluid. Invariably, some of the energy also pushes the fluid into a circular motion, and this circular motion can also convey some energy and increase the pressure at the outlet. The relationship between these mechanisms was described, with the typical mixed conception of centrifugal force as known as that time, in an 1859 article on centrifugal pumps, thus: Centrifugal pump To arrive by a simpler method than that just given at a general idea of the mode of action of the exterior whirlpool in improving the efficiency of the centrifugal pump, it is only necessary to consider that the mass of water revolving in the whirlpool chamber, round the circumference of the wheel, must necessarily exert a centrifugal force, and that this centrifugal force may readily be supposed to add itself to the outward force generated within the wheel; or, in other words, to go to increase the pumping power of the wheel. The outward force generated within the wheel is to be understood as being produced entirely by the medium of centrifugal force if the vanes of the wheel be straight and radial; but if they be curved, as is more commonly A centrifugal pump uses a spinning "impeller," the case, the outward force is partly produced through the which normally has backward-swept blades that medium of centrifugal force, and partly applied by the vanes to directly push water outward. the water as a radial component of the oblique pressure, which, in consequence of their obliquity to the radius, they apply to the water as it moves outwards along them. On this subject it is well to observe that while the quantity of water...
Table of contents 1. Different types of pump systems 2. Three important characteristics of a pump system: pressure, friction and flow 3. What is friction in a pump system 4. Energy and head in pump systems 5. Static head 6. Flow rate depends on elevation difference or static head 7. Flow rate depends on friction 8. How does a centrifugal pump produce pressure 9. What is total head 10 What is the relationship between head and total head 11. How to determine friction head 12. The performance or characteristic curve of the pump 13. How to select a centrifugal pump Examples of total head calculations - sizing a pump for a home owner application 14. Examples of common residential water systems 15. Calculate the pump discharge pressure from the pump total head. Appendix A Flow rate and friction loss for different pipe sizes based at different velocities Appendix B Formulas and an example of how to do pipe friction calculations Appendix C Formulas and an example of how to do pipe fittings friction calculations Appendix D Formula and an example of how to do velocity calculation for fluid flow in a pipe Appendix E The relationship between pressure head and pressure... This tutorial is intended for anyone that has an interest in centrifugal pumps. There is no math, just simple explanations of how pump systems work and how to select a centrifugal pump. For those who want to do detail calculations, some examples have been included in the appendices. This tutorial answers the following questions: - What are the important characteristics of a pump system? - What is head and how is it used in a pump system to make calculations easier? - What is static head and friction head and how do they affect the flow rate in a pump system? - How does a centrifugal pump produce pressure? - Why is total head and flow the two most important characteristics of a centrifugal pump? - What is meant by the pump rating? And what is the optimal operating point of a centrifugal pump? - How to do details calculations that will allow you to size and select a centrifugal pump? - How to verify that your centrifugal pump is providing the rated pressure or head? - What is density and specific gravity and how do they relate to pressure and head? Copyright . 2005---- www.lightmypump.com---------- Revised October 9, 2007
Fluids/Solids Handling Understand the Basics of Centrifugal Pump Operation By starting from such fundamentals as head and pressure, the authors have developed practical tips for specification and operation that provide for cost-effectiveness and reliability. Kimberly Fernandez, Bernadette Pyzdrowski, Drew W. Schiller and Michael B. Smith, KBR C entrifugal pumps are the most common type of kinetic pump, and are used most often in applications with moderate-to-high flow and low head. As the workhorse of the chemical process industries (CPI), centrifugals are almost always more economical to own, operate and maintain than other types of pumps. Parameters needed in specifying The process engineer is normally responsible for specifying the process requirements of the pump, including the conditions and physical properties of the liquid, and, most importantly, the ﬂowrate, pressure, density and viscosity. The ﬂowrate determines the capacity of the pump, and the head depends on the density and viscosity of the liquid. In general, the required ﬂowrate is determined by the material and energy balances. Design margins, typically between 0–25%, are added to the material-balance ﬂowrate to account for unexpected variations in properties or conditions, or to ensure that the overall plant meets its performance criteria. Also, minimum ﬂow protection is often added as continuous circulation. Occasionally, the required ﬂowrate (including design margins) may fall in the low range of that for centrifugal pumps. In such cases, a minimum-size pump rated for continuous service is speciﬁed, and the extra pump capacity is typically consumed by circulation from the discharge to the source. 52 www.cepmagazine.org May 2002 CEP During speciﬁcation, the maximum pressure a pump will develop during any aspect of operation, including startup, shutdown and upset conditions is determined. The shutoff pressure is the maximum pressure a pump will develop under zero-ﬂow conditions, which reﬂects a fully blocked outlet. Variables to consider when determining the design pressure include: • maximum pressure of the source (e.g., relieving pressure of a vessel) • maximum head developed by the pump (i.e., shutoff head) • maximum static head of the ﬂuid in the pump’s suction line • maximum pump operating speed (for variablespeed drives) • possibility of operator intervention during an upset. The head h is the most commonly used measurement of the energy at any point of the system, or of the system as a whole. It is deﬁned as: h=...
The Top-Flo® name represents the finest in sanitary process equipment. TOP-FLO® pumps have been designed to offer efficient transfer of product over a wide range of head and viscosity conditions. TOP-FLO® pumps are easy to install, clean, and operate. This catalog will answer many of the questions you may have regarding TOP-FLO® pumps. If you require additional information, a representative will be happy to assist you and can be reached at 1-800-458-6095. TOP-FLO® pumps are suitable for use in CIP (clean-in-place) installations. This feature enables easy self-cleaning with no dismantling or take-down. Sanitizing of all product contact areas is automatic. All TOP-FLO® pumps are available in standard inlet sizes and outlet sizes. In addition, enlarged inlet sizes are available for... Motor Data is not included as part of 4-step ordering number. Provide the following information: • Horsepower and RPM TF-C100, TF-C114, TF-C216, TF-C218, TF-C328 • Electrical phase and voltage Note: • TEFC is standard • TF-C Series furnished without legs unless otherwise specified on order. If motor is furnished from another source, supply the following: • Casing Gaskets: BUNA (Standard). If other type is required, specify on order. • Enlarged inlet: When ordering pump with enlarged inlet state inlet size, i.e., TF-C218MD with 3" inlet. 3 port connections • Horsepower • RPM • NEMA frame size M - Clamp (Standard) Remember to order needed accessories: T - Acme Bevel Seat Thread • Seal Kits and Parts S - NPT Female Thread • Gaskets F - Flanged • Clamps W - Weld • Hangers type of seal/standard material: 4 D - External balanced sanitary seal DG - External balanced sanitary seal w/clamped insert E - Water cooled balanced double seal F - External balanced seal w/cascading water • Air Relief Valves • Check Valve • Butterfly Valves • Ball Valves • Fittings 1 TOP-FLO® TF-C Series Centrifugal Pumps seal specifications TYPE D External Balanced Seal (Sanitary) "tf-c" series Model No. TF-C100 TF-C114 TF-C216 TF-C218 TF-C328 Inlet 1-1/2 1-1/2 or 2 2 or 2-1/2 2 or 3 3 or 4 Outlet 1 1-1/2 1-1/2 1-1/2 2 Max. Imp. 3.68 4 6 8 8 pump specifications Pump Casings: • Volute type - Standard • Inlet-oversizing as noted in chart above Pump Connections: sanitary: industrial: • Clamp • Threaded • Bevel Seat (ACME) • Flanged Pump Construction Materials: • All wetted parts - 316 SS • Seals - Carbon (other seals available) • Casing Gasket - BUNA (Standard) • FKM, EPDM, and PTFE are available Pump Finishes: • Polished or Electropolished Pump Seals: • Available in D, DG, E, and F styles Motor, Electrical: • 3 Phase - 230/460 volts - 1750 & 3500 rpm • Single Phase - 115/230 volts - 1750 & 3500 rpm Motor Housings: • TEFC (Totally Enclosed Fan Cooled) • Washdown Duty • Other styles available on request For light duty transfer requirements, see Top Line brochure (TF-C100). 2 This versatile seal has numerous applications but yet is extremely durable. Dairy products, soft vegetables, beverages, and even acid cleaning solutions and detergents are among the recommended uses. type DG External Balanced Seal with Clamped-in Seat (Sanitary) The DG seal uses the standard Type D rotating seal components with a reversible silicon carbide, tungsten carbide or ceramic seat. Typical applications include liquid sugar, beverage syrup, chocolate and abrasive products.
Electric Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heaters High Efficiency Hot water why hybrid HEAT PUMP water heaters Energy Efficiency Uses up to 70% less energy than standard electric tank-style water heaters. Premium Stainless Steel Durable premium stainless steel exterior and interior tank. ENERGY STAR® Exceeds current energy standards, providing a more energy efficient water heating solution for your home. Northern Climate Tier 2 Certification Exceeds current Energy Star® standards providing the most versatile, quiet and efficient water heater in its class. Lifetime Limited Warranty Lifetime Limited Warranty supported by a 1-year labor, 10-year parts and 15-year tank warranty to provide peace of mind. Longer Lasting Lasts up to 2 times longer than standard electric tank-style water heaters. Hot Water for all your home needs Select the right water heater for you With single vent and dual vent models, we have the solution that is best for you. Single Vent 66 Gallons Dual Vent 66 Gallons CERTIFICATIO NS EE66WP30PS - Electric Hybrid Heat Pump FIN ISH CON TROLS P ERFORMAN CE / FEATURES IN SP STALLATIO N ECIFICATIO NS EE66WP35PS - Electric Hybrid Heat Pump MET ENERGY STAR® Northern Cold Climate - Tier 2 MET ENERGY STAR® Northern Cold Climate - Tier 2 Exterior: Stainless Steel Interior Tank: Stainless Steel Exterior: Stainless Steel Interior Tank: Stainless Steel Integrated Control Panel LED Digital Color Display 90 °F - 135 °F Temperature Range Three Modes of Operation: Auto, Econ and Heater Modes Integrated Control Panel LED Digital Color Display 90 °F - 135 °F Temperature Range Three Modes of Operation: Auto, Econ and Heater Modes Tank Capacity: 66 Gallons Energy Factor: 2.35 First Hour Rating: 70 Gallons Sound Level (Heat Pump): 48 DBA Heat Pump Ambient Temp Operating Range (Factory Default): 32 °F - 120 °F Heat Pump Ambient Temp Operating Range (Programmable): 20 °F - 120 °F Air Filter Anode Rod T & P Relief Valve Tank Capacity: 66 Gallons Energy Factor: 2.35 First Hour Rating: 70 Gallons Sound Level (Heat Pump): 48 DBA Heat Pump Ambient Temp Operating Range (Factory Default): 32 °F - 120 °F Heat Pump Ambient Temp Operating Range (Programmable): 20 °F - 120 °F Air Filter Anode Rod T & P Relief Valve Freestanding Installation Electrical: 240V/60Hz/30A 3/4" Threaded Hot/Cold Water Connections 3/4" Threaded Condensate Drain w/ Overflow Vent Duct Capable: Yes - Single (Exhaust) Exhaust Vent Diameter: 6" 70 - 1/2" Height 25 - 1/2" Diameter 243 lbs Freestanding Installation Electrical: 240V/60Hz/30A 3/4" Threaded Hot/Cold Water Connections 3/4" Threaded Condensate Drain w/ Overflow Vent Duct Capable: Yes - Dual (Exhaust/Intake) Exhaust/Intake Vent Diameter: 6" 70 - 1/2" Height 25 - 1/2" Diameter 243 lbs standard Installation Program * Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater Installation – Simplified! The Electrolux Hybrid Heat Pump Water heater will be installed by a Plumbing Professional, trained in the Installation and Service of the product, on the date and time indicated by the Sales Associate and/or Electrolux Customer Agent. The Standard Installation Program includes the materials and labor required for a complete water heater installation under normal conditions. You can expect the following: • ne (1) day professional installation, by a O Plumbing Professional, in accordance with Federal, state and local laws, rules and regulations in addition to those requirements specified by the manufacturer. • The Plumbing Professional will remove and dispose of the existing water heater in an environmentally responsible way. All debris and leftover materials will be cleaned up and removed by the Plumbing Professional. • The Plumbing Professional will provide assistance in registration of the new Electrolux Water Heater as well as provide assistance in understanding and applying for applicable credits. *nstallation charges apply. See sales associate for details.
Indianapolis heat pump works like a reversible AC unit. According to the external temperature the unit is either blowing the heated air out of the house or it is blowing the heated air into the house.
14801 W. 114th Terrace, Lenexa KS 66215 • PH: 913.338.2886 • FX: 913.338. 2879 • www.ProCharger.com. BOLT ON. 140+. 2/11. The ULTIMATE Power Adder ... The ULTIMATE Power Adder® for the 1999-2010 Suzuki Hayabusa Specializing in building customized, high-performance motorcycles, this DAS-developed Stage 1 supercharger kit utilizes a highly-efficient ProCharger C-1 self-contained supercharger for maximum forced-induction power and performance. DAS Stage I Kit includes: ProCharger C-1 supercharger Intake Charge tube Full exhaust system Intank pump FMU K&N air cleaner DAS Performance Clutch springs Stage I MSRP: $6,599 Hose, clamp and misc hardware This same C-1 supercharger and drive system is capable of supporting even higher HP levels with additional engine and fuel system modifications. Stage 1: 240-275 rwhp Stage 2: 275-350 rwhp Stage 3: 350-550+ rwhp DAS Performance dasperformance.com 1901 Bridge Street Dracut, MA 01826 978/453-0807 14801 W. 114th Terrace, Lenexa KS 66215 • PH: 913.338.2886 • FX: 913.338.2879 • www.ProCharger.com 2/11
SUZUKI GSX-1300R HAYABUSA K8 COLORED WIRING DIAGRAM ECM UNIT BOTTOM VIEW 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 7 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 VIEW FROM INSERTION FACE OF COUPLER 1 Gr B/W SDS GND W/R Bl/Y R O/W +B COV2 RxD1 TxD1 +5V 8 1 6 1 B/Br Bl/W Bl/B Bl/G P/W W/B SM1A SM2A TECH MPS PM VTA COS2 G B/Y W/G R B/Bl G/B P/B Bl/Y B/G P VCC THW OX N+ G+ BATT SM1B SM2B +B STP Dg G/Y B/W P B G/B Y/W B/Lg G O/W R/Bl GP DON LED EXS PA THA E2 SDS SG COV1 35 34 SDL NCOV3 VM Y/B Y/Bl O/Bl Bl G B/W Y/R Gr Bl Bl/G B/Br IS1A IS2A E1 DMS1 TACO IRLY OXH STA SOL2 FAR #31 #41 #21 IG2 IG3 #11 IG1 Bl/W Bl/B O/R Y Br W/Bl B Y Gr/W Gr/B Gr/Y Gr/R Gr O/R Y/G W/B DMS2 IS1B IS2B COV2 COV1 NT MS #42 CLT #32 G B/W B/W W/R Lg Lg/W Lg/G Lg/Bl B/Y Bl B/W TS #12 #22 E01 IG4 E03 JAE MX23A34SF1 (black) Gr G Gr Y 4 SUMITOMO 090-MT G B/W O/G W/B ON OFF R O G/B O O/G Br O/Bl O/R B/W O/B O/W O/G W/B Y/G O Y/W 5 1 BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH O/W B/Br W/G W/B G/Y R O O/Y Bl Gr Br 1 ON OFF LOCK P B Lg G/Y B/Lg OIL FUEL LEFT RIGHT LIGHT NT DATA +B P B/R Y/Bl B/G O/G Y Bl/B R/Bl B/W SPEED VCC TACO BATT E O/Bl O/R B/W O/B O/W B/R B/Bl Y/G O/R Y/W IGNITION SWITCH 16 B/R B/W B JAE MX34016SF1 B/R B/W P PUSH FREE PUSH Gr B COMBINATION METER SIDE-STAND SWITCH OFF ON Gr W/Bl STARTER BUTTON 68 W Gr B W OFF RUN UP DOWN JAE MX23A34SF2 (gray) 6 2 DIAGNOSIS ECM IGNITION IGNITION IGNITION IGNITION COIL #1 COIL #2 COIL #3 COIL #4 G B/W SPEED SENSOR DRIVING MODE SWITCH FRONT BRAKE SWITCH OFF ON O/W B/Br W/G W/B B 9 3 FLASH HANDLEBAR SWITCH (R) 1 5 FURUKAWA 090-RFW HO2 SENSOR OIL PRESSURE SWITCH 16 6 1 8 7 2 ENGINE STOP SWITCH 8 3 VIEW FROM INSERTION FACE OF COUPLER 4 MODE (For E-03, 28) 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 68 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 POSITION LIGHT (R) B B Br B/W FRONT TURN SIGNAL LIGHT (R) B B/W Lg B/W REAR TURN SIGNAL LIGHT (R) W B/W HEADLIGHT (LO) Lg W Y B/W Br B Y B/W HEADLIGHT (HI) FRONT TURN SIGNAL LIGHT (L) B B/W B B/W B B Lg B/W Lg W Y B/W Br B Lg W/B B/W Br B Br B/W Lg B/W REAR COMBINATION LIGHT Lg W/B B/W Br B W/B B/W Br B B/W W/B B/W Br B B/W REAR TURN SIGNAL LIGHT (L) POSITION LIGHT (L) Br B/W Gr B/W 3 PUSH OFF ON L PUSH R PUSH HI LO PAIR FAN MOTOR CONTROL SOLENOID RELAY VALVE ECT SENSOR STVA STP SENSOR GP SWITCH FREE PASSING DIMMER CLUTCH HAZARD HORN SWITCH SWITCH BUTTON SWITCH TURN SIGNAL LIGHT LIGHT SWITCH SWITCH #1 Gr/R Y/R #4 Gr/Y Y/R Lg/G Y/R #3 Gr/B Y/R #2 SECONDARY FUEL INJECTOR Gr/W Y/R #1 Lg/Bl Y/R TP IAP SENSOR SENSOR Lg Y/R HANDLEBAR SWITCH (L) #2 #3 #4 PRIMARY FUEL INJECTOR ISC VALVE Y Y Y REGULATOR/ RECTIFIER GENERATOR Bl Y G Br B/W B/W B/Y Y/G R R Y Y Y R R B/W B/W B B B B/R B/R B/W B/W Y Y Y G Bl Bl G 1 Bl P B/W TO SENSOR R B/Y B/Br Bl P B/W Bl/Y R B R B B/Br B/Lg P/W G W/B R Y/W B/Br B P G W/Bl Bl Y B