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2013 GMC ACADIA SPECIFICATIONS Overview Models: Body style / driveline: Construction: EPA vehicle class: Manufacturing location: Key competitors: GMC Acadia, Acadia Denali crossover SUV / front-engine; front-wheel drive and all-wheel drive body-frame integral sport utility vehicle Lansing Delta Township Assembly, Lansing, Mich. Honda Pilot, Toyota Highlander, Ford Explorer Engine Displacement (cu in / cc): Bore & stroke (in / mm): Block material: Cylinder head material: Valvetrain: Fuel delivery: Compression ratio: Horsepower (hp / kW) @ rpm: Torque (lb-ft / Nm) @ rpm: Recommended fuel: Max. engine speed (rpm): Emissions controls: EPA-estimated fuel economy (city / hwy): 3.6L V-6 VVT DI 217 / 3564 3.70 x 3.37 / 94 x 85.6 aluminum aluminum dual overhead camshafts, four valves per cylinder, variable valve timing direct injection 11.3:1 288 / 215 @ 6300 270 / 366 @ 3400 regular unleaded 6700 dual close-coupled converters; two pre- and two post-oxygen sensors 17 / 24 (FWD) 16 / 23 (AWD) Transmission Hydra-Matic 6T75 6-speed FWD/AWD automatic Gear Ratio (:1) First: Second: Third: Fourth: Fifth: Sixth: Reverse: Final drive ratio: 4.48 2.87 1.84 1.41 1.0 0.74 2.88 3.16 Chassis / Suspension Front: Rear: Steering type: Steering ratio: Steer wheel turns, lock-to-lock: Turning circle, curb-to-curb (ft / m): coil-over strut; direct acting stabilizer bar; full perimeter isolated cradle linked H-arm independent suspension; coil springs with twintube shock absorbers mounted on isolated sub-frame hydraulic rack-and-pinion; straight ratio and variable effort 16.1 2.89 40.4 / 12.3 Brakes Type: Rotor diameter (in / mm): four-wheel disc front: 12.8 x 1.1 / 325 x 29, ventilated rear: 13 x 0.8 / 331 x 20, ventilated Anti-lock braking system (ABS): Bosch 8.0 Chassis Controls: ABS / ETC / ESC w/rollover mitigation ...
Edwin A. Rivera Delphi Powertrain Systems John E. Kirwan Delphi Powertrain Systems February 25, 2014 Green Legislation Fuels Innovation & Growth Global regulations are becoming more stringent Regulation Trends More Stringent standards driving innovation di i i ti EPA 2025 proj.: 54.5 mpg NHTSA Fleet avg: 2021: 40.3 – 41.0 mpg pg 2025: 48.7 – 49.6 mpg 120 Worldw wide Light Duty Vehicles V (Millions) GDi E i Engines Projected to be the fastest growing market segment over the next 10 years Will become the dominant internal combustion engine Fuel Cell & Electric Alternative Fuels 100 Diesel 80 GDi Gasoline 60 GDi Hybrid PFI Hybrid 40 20 0 PFI Gasoline Source: IHS Feb 2013 2010 2 Diesel Hybrid 2013 Fuel Injection Technology Trends – Feb. 25, 2014 2016 2019 2022 2025 New Challenge for Gasoline Direct Injection Engines Particulate Emissions Light Duty PM 25 Chart from: https://www.dieselnet.com/standards/us/ld_ca.php 20 PM (mg/mile) CA / US OBD Threshold 15 10 LEV III 1 mg/mi Phase in 0.75 mg/mile difference Threshold = 1.75X standard 7.5 mg/mile difference Threshold = 1.75X Standard CA LEV / US Emission Standard 2.25 mg/mile difference Threshold = 1.75X Standard 5 LEV III (& US Tier 3 Expected) 3 mg/mi Phase in 0 2013 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 2025 Fuel injection technology performance relative to particulate emission standards LEVIII and EURO6c: d EURO6...
INSTRUCTIONS: NOZZLES SET-UP RECOMMENDATION 1. The main line from the pump to the metering valve connects to the fitting at the top of the metering valve. 2. The Secondary By-Pass Valve connects to the brass fitting opposite the throttle arm on the side of the metering valve. There are no jets to change in this valve. 3. The Hi Speed By-Pass (Cut Off) Valve (not on all units) connects to a pump outlet and returns the fuel to the tank. Each change in the main jet size should be accompanied by a change in the spacers as follows: • For every .005 richer on the main by pass jet, add a 1/32" spacer. • For every .005 leaner on the main by pass jet, remove a 1/32" spacer. FUEL INJECTION ENGR. CO. INC., 22892 GLENWOOD DR., ALISO VIEJO, CA 92656 • PH (949)360-0909 • FAX (949)360-0991 • www.hilborninjection.com #101
I N S TA L L AT I O N Tool Needed: - Flathead Screwdriver (large) - Flathead Screwdriver (small) - Ratchet - 5mm Allen Socket If you are using the APR Injectors, you will also need the following: - M27x1.5 Hand Tap - 20mm Allen Socket - 18mm Socket APR Injectors with Seats and Special Tool Tools Needed APR, LLC 1 0 2 7 - B O p e l i k a R o a d A u b u r n A l a b a m a 3 6 8 3 0 Step 1 Remove the Engine cover. Use a large ﬂathead screwdriver to remove the three quarter-turn screws. Installation Procedure APR, LLC 1027-B Opelika Road Auburn Alabama 36830 Step 2 Relieve Fuel Pressure. WARNING: ENGINE MUST BE COOL! Remove the fuel ﬁller cap to alleviate pressure in the fuel system. Remove the fuel rail pressure cap. The cap is a small black cap ﬁtted to the end of the fuel rail. With a small ﬂat head screw driver depress the valve release pin. CAUTION! Fuel will exit under pressure! Use a rag to cover the valve as you release the fuel pressure. APR, LLC 1 0 2 7 - B O p e l i k a R o a d A u b u r n A l a b a m a 3 6 8 3 0 Step 3 Remove Fuel Rail Bolts. To remove the fuel rail, unfasten the two 5mm allen head cap bolts. Be careful not to drop them into the engine bay. APR, LLC 1027-B Opelika Road Auburn Alabama 36830
Delphi Heated Tip Fuel Injector Control Module The Delphi Heated Tip Fuel Injector Control Module is uniquely designed to control the Delphi Multec® 3.5 Heated Tip Port Fuel Injector. It precisely controls the integrated heating element in the injector to a commanded temperature set point. Its stand-alone design eliminates the need for any hardware modification to the engine control module, in most applications. Benefits: Eliminates the need for specialized, high current engine controller hardware Requires only two signals from the engine control module (LIN and Output Enable) Minimal engine controller software changes necessary Provides individual measurement and control for up to four injectors Standard LIN, or optional CAN communications available Integrated reverse battery protection option eliminates the need for an external relay Small footprint enables packaging flexibility
Choosing the proper fuel injector size is critical for the successful use of an electronic fuel injection system whether it be a TBI or Multi-port system. If an injector is too small, not enough fuel will be available when tuning an engine and damage can result. If an injector is selected that is much larger than is needed, the injector pulse width (time the injector is open) at idle may be too low and tuning problems at idle may occur. Use the following information as a guide for selecting the correct injectors for an engine: you don't want an injector to be open Formulas used to determine injector size: more than 90% of the time at the most. Marine applications shouldn't exceed 80%. Injector Size = (Engine HP (Flywheel)) x (BSFC) Injectors are rated at 100% duty cycle (static flow). (# of injectors) x (Duty Cycle) Injector Size...
Material Safety Data Sheet Copyright, 2012, 3M Company All rights reserved. Copying and/or downloading of this information for the purpose of properly utilizing 3M products is allowed provided that: (1) the information is copied in full with no changes unless prior written agreement is obtained from 3M, and (2) neither the copy nor the original is resold or otherwise distributed with the intention of earning a profit thereon. SECTION 1: PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION PRODUCT NAME: 3M™ Universal Fuel Injector Cleaner PN 08956 MANUFACTURER: 3M DIVISION: Automotive Aftermarket ADDRESS: 3M Center, St. Paul, MN 55144-1000 EMERGENCY PHONE: 1-800-364-3577 or (651) 737-6501 (24 hours) Issue Date: 06/26/12 Supercedes Date: 06/11/12 Document Group: 06-2422-1 Product Use: Intended Use: Specific Use: Automotive Cleaner to remove deposits from auto fuel injectors SECTION 2: INGREDIENTS Ingredient C.A.S. No. % by Wt Toluene Diacetone Alcohol Xylene Methyl Alcohol Ethylbenzene Nitrogen Benzene 108-88-3 123-42-2 1330-20-7 67-56-1 100-41-4 7727-37-9 71-43-2 30 - 60 10 - 30 10 - 30 10 - 30 3- 7 0.5 - 1.5 < 0.1 SECTION 3: HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION 3.1 EMERGENCY OVERVIEW Specific Physical Form: Aerosol Odor, Color, Grade: solvent odor General Physical Form: Liquid Immediate health, physical, and environmental hazards: Flammable liquid and vapor. Closed containers exposed to heat from fire may build pressure and explode. Vapors may travel long distances along the ground or floor to an ignition source and flash back.
The electronic fuel injector (injection valve) is the termination point for the entire fuel delivery system. There is a very small allowable variance in the quantity and spray pattern of the fuel delivered. As the demands placed upon this component increases with increasing degrees of performance the allowable variances must decrease. At Python, the VENOM™ products are built to insure maximum expectations are achieved at each and every performance level. The peak and hold driver design usually has a resistance of 1.0 to 4.0 ohms. Battery voltage is applied to the injector until a predetermined current level is reached. The current is then reduced and held during the duration of the pulse width. It is imperative that the injector and driver characteristics are matched between injectors so the switch from peak to hold does not occur out of sequence with the injector being fully opened. The VENOM™ injector sets assure you that all injectors are sequenced to achieve the maximum balance. This design minimizes the injector on time response but increases heat at the driver (coil).
M4912, M4949 APPLICATIONS: • Fights Gum & Carbon Deposits • Helps Save Gas DIRECTIONS: Treats 15 gallons of gasoline. For best results, add entire bottle contents to near empty tank and refuel. Do not refuel until tank is near empty. For initial treatment, use two containers of Fuel Injector & CarbMedic® Treatment. AVOID CONTACT WITH PAINTED SURFACES. In case of paint contact wash off with water immediately. PRODUCT INFORMATION SHEET — UPDATED 8/12/2013 STORAGE, HANDLING & DISPOSAL: Dispose of product residue and the empty container in accordance with all local, state, and federal laws and regulations. DANGER: Avoid contact with eyes. Wash hands with soap and water properly. FIRST AID: EYE CONTACT: Flush thoroughly with water for 15 minutes while lifting eyelids occasionally and get prompt medical attention. SKIN CONTACT: Wash with soap and water. If irritation develops or persists, get prompt medical attention. INHALATION: Move to fresh air. If breathing becomes difficult, get prompt medical attention. INGESTION: DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Call Poison Control Center, Physician, or Hospital Emergency Room Immediately. Plastic Bottle, 12 fl. oz. 078698134918 KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN AND ANIMALS WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer or birth defects or other reproductive harm. Plastic Bottle, 54 gal. 078698134963
With perfect form, fit and function demanded by today’s technicians for both import and domestic applications, all BWD fuel injectors meet or exceed OE specifications for peak operating performance and extended service life What does a Fuel Injector do? The Fuel Injector is an electronically controlled valve that is supplied with ressurized fuel by the fuel pump and when p energized atomizes the fuel into a fine mist so that it can burn easily by the vehicle’s engine. Where are Fuel Injectors located? The fuel injector is mounted in the intake manifold so that fuel is sprayed directly at the intake valves. A fuel supply rail connects all of the fuel injectors to the fuel supply. Will a malfunctioning Fuel Injector illuminate the check engine light or affect vehicle operation? A failing sensor can illuminate the MIL and cause the engine to run too rich or lean, leading to misfire and loss of power. What are the common causes of failure? Improper fuel filter maintenance can cause the injector to clog with debris. Poor quality fuel often results in deposits on the fuel injector disrupting the fuel spray pattern.