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kelemahan dan kelebihan pipeline ke timor leste

Uncontained Engine Failure, Delta Air Lines Flight 1288, McDonnell ...

The National Transportation Safety Board is an independent Federal agency dedicated to promoting aviation, railroad, highway, marine, pipeline, and hazardous materials safety. Established in 1967, the agency is mandated by Congress through the Independent Safety Board Act of 1974 to investigate transportation accidents, determine the probable causes of the accidents, issue safety recommendations, study transportation safety issues, and evaluate the safety effectiveness of government agencies involved in transportation. The Safety Board makes public its actions and decisions through accident reports, safety studies, special investigation reports, safety recommendations, and statistical reviews. Information about available publications may be obtained by contacting: National Transportation Safety Board Public Inquiries Section, RE-51 490 L’Enfant Plaza, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20594 (202)382-6735 (800)877-6799 Safety Board publications may be purchased, by individual copy or by subscription, from: National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, Virginia 22161 (703)487-4600 NTSB/AAR-98/01 PB98-910401...

Best Practices for Flexible Pipe Integrity Evolve

perators... are increasingly recognizing the need for a systematic assessment and management of flexible pipe integrity, but the identification of critical criteria and the means to best achieve valid and efficient inspection and monitoring (I&M) continues to evolve. Emerging technologies in I&M and operators’ expanding implementation of riskbased management are leading the way toward achieving a comprehensive integrity management approach for flexible pipeline and riser systems worldwide. Flexible pipes are being installed and operated in more marginal and challenging offshore conditions, adding to the complexity of acquiring complete and valid data for the determination of their integrity. Especially important is the accurate assessment of the remaining life of a flexible riser so operators can avoid costly premature change outs. To further develop the definition of best practices in flexible pipe integrity assurance, the SureFlex Joint Industry Project (JIP) presented key findings from its extensive 20-month-long survey work, including flexible pipe use worldwide, statistics on design limits, damage, and failure incidences. Conducted under the auspices of the Oil and Gas UK, a trade association for the United Kingdom upstream oil and gas industry, the “State of the Art Report on Flexible Pipe Integrity and Guidance Note on Monitoring Methods and Integrity Assurance for Unbonded Flexible Pipes (2010)” revisited the state of flexible pipe since the first survey in 2001 to 2002. The scope of work was international in its content and had the support of international companies outside of the UK.

Workforce Training for the Electric Power Sector Purpose

Workforce Training for the Electric Power Sector. Purpose: to facilitate the development of a well-‐ trained, highly skilled, electric power sector workforce which is ... Workforce Training for the Electric Power Sector Purpose: to facilitate the development of a well-­‐ trained, highly skilled, electric power sector workforce which is vital to implemen?ng a na?onal clean-­‐energy smart grid. 3 The Department of Energy Inves?ng in America’s Workforce •  OE awarded nearly $100 million of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds to 54 workforce training projects. Projects are focused on two main areas: •  Smart Grid Workforce Training •  Curriculum Development •  Recipients es?mate the projects will train approximately 30,000 individuals over three years. ARRA FOA 152: Refilling the Pipeline Workforce Training Projects Incremental Systems Corporation Issaquah, WA Washington State University Pullman, WA Centralia Community College Centralia, WA Critical Intelligence Inc Idaho Falls, ID Oregon Institute of Technology Klamath Falls, OR Key Training Corporation Meridian, ID University Enterprises Inc. Sacramento, CA Salt Lake Community College (2) Salt Lake City, UT Navajo Tribal Utility Authority Fort Defiance, AZ Glendale Community College Glendale, CA Pacific Center for Advanced Technology Training Honolulu, HI University of Hawaii-Manoa Honolulu, HI Community Colleges Industry/Utilities Other Programs Universities University of Colorado-Boulder Boulder, CO Lehigh University Bethlehem, PA Michigan Department of Pennsylvania Northern Michigan Northeast Energy, University State Wisconsin Labor, & Marquette, MI University Bismarck State Technical Economic Council for University College Workforce Development College Illinois Institute of Growth Adult and Park, PA Bismarck, ND Green Bay, WI Technology Institute Inc. Experiential Lansing, MI Albany, NY Chicago, IL Regents of the Syracuse Learning National Grid USA University of Chicago, IL Cuyahoga University Service Company Inc. Minnesota Community Syracuse, Waltham, MA Minneapolis, MN NY College Saint Paul College Cleveland, OH Saint Paul, MN Community College of Rhode Island Iowa Valley Warwick, RI Community College District Consolidated Edison Marshalltown, IA Company Ivy Tech Ameren Pepco Indianapolis,Ohio State New York, NY Pratt Services IN Holdings Inc. University Community Princeton Energy Company Washington, Research College Resources St. Louis, MO DC Foundation Pratt, KS International LLC Columbus, OH Rockville, MD National Electrical St. Louis Manufacturers Community Association College Arlington, VA St. Louis, MO Georgia Duke Energy Oncor Electric Tech Res. North Carolina Business Delivery Corporation Services LLC State University Company LLC Raleigh, NC Atlanta, GA Charlotte, NC Dallas, TX Savannah Austin Community Technical College College Clemson University Austin, TX Savannah, GA Electric Power Clemson, SC University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Chattanooga, TN Mississippi Gulf Coast Community University of Perkinston, MS Houston College of Technology Houston, TX University of Kentucky Research Foundation Lexington, KY General Electric Company Atlanta, GA Florida Power & Light Company Miami, FL

Nova Medical Centers featured on Healthcare Radius Published by Dr Mahesh Reddy

Nova Medical Centres has expanded at a lightening pace with 12 short-stay surgical hospitals, 7 IVF centres and an advanced genetic diagnostics lab, straddling 8 cities in India. In the pipeline are 25 centres in India and the Middle East.

An Interstate Natural Gas Facility on my land? - Federal Energy ...

The Commission approves the location, construction and operation of interstate pipelines, facilities and storage fields involved in moving natural gas across state boundaries. The Commission also approves the abandonment of these facilities. Interstate pipelines crisscross the United States, moving nearly a quarter of the nation’s energy long distances to markets in the 48 contiguous states, and are vital to the economy. Although pipelines generally are buried underground, they may have associated facilities that are above-ground such as taps, valves, metering stations, interconnection, pig launchers, pig receivers, or compressor stations. A natural gas storage field includes subsurface gas storage rights and there may be storage field pipelines and gas wells associated with the storage rights. A Pipeline Glossary is provided at the end of this brochure to help you understand some of the technical terms that are associated with pipeline construction and above-ground facilities. If a proposed pipeline route is on, or abuts your land, you will probably first learn of this from the natural gas company as it plans and studies the route during either the Commission’s voluntary Pre-filing Process or in the application development process. Once a company files an application requesting the Commission to issue a certificate authorizing the construction of a pipeline project, the company will mail you a copy of this brochure and other information within three days of the Commission issuing a Notice of Application. The Commission’s staff will prepare an environmental study of the proposal; either an Environmental Impact Statement or an Environmental Assessment, depending on the scope of the project. For major construction projects, local media may be notified and public meetings may be held. You will have an opportunity to express your views and to have them considered. You will also have the opportunity to learn the views of other interested parties. The Commission may approve the project, with or without modifications, or reject it. If it is approved and you fail to reach an easement agreement with the company, access to and compensation for use of your land will be determined by a court.

distributed optimization and control of offshore oil production - NTNU

We describe a novel approach to distributed optimization and control of offshore oil production systems. The model incorporates a complex pipeline network. Oil and gas production systems are represented as a network of connected hierarchical structures of sub sea wells, manifolds and clusters. We consider multiphase flow of water, gas, and oil in the pipelines, and account for discrete switching and typical inflow characteristics of the sub sea wells. Network methods based on variational calculus provide a modeling framework for decentralized optimization and control. Conservation laws and the second law of thermodynamics combined with the passivity theory of nonlinear control lead to conditions for stability and optimality. We describe interconnections in networks through matrix representations that capture a network's topology. Control strategies are derived from the model, and stability and convergence to the optimal solution follows from the passivity conditions. The proposed distributed controller network can be seen as a special case of a Multi Agent System (MAS). Keywords process control, oil production, network theory, irreversible thermodynamics, distributed control, passivity, agents, Lagrangean decomposition, production optimization, multiphase flow.

INDUSTRIAL STEEL PIPE SYSTEMS UNDER SEISMIC LOADING ...

In the framework of the INDUSE project, which aims at innovative design methodologies for the seismic design of industrial equipment and piping systems, case studies have been carried out, performing static and dynamic seismic analyses for two existing steel pipeline systems including steel supporting structures, situated in an area of moderate seismic activity: a) A long aboveground 10" ammonia transmission line situated on sleepers with a vertical expansion loop and ending with a fixed point. The system may be typical for long distance above ground pipelines and for pipelines on jetties. b) A 20" gas transmission pipeline at the interface of a buried pipeline section and an above ground piping section, including a branch connection, a vertical spring support structure and a fixed point, e.g. a tank nozzle. This system is typical for many plant piping systems. The calculations were made using commercially available software. Both simplified static equivalent (‘uniform load method’) calculations as well as dynamic calculations were made in accordance with American (ASCE-7) and European (EN1998 and EN13480) earthquake design standards to identify differences in approach, differences in resulting seismic response spectra and differences in calculated results. The dynamic and static calculations were made with Caesar II software. The results of the calculations are presented. Conclusions and recommendations are given with respect to: - The differences between existing earthquake design codes. - The validity of the use of the "static equivalent (uniform load) method". - The need to include guidelines for design and modeling in the next revisions of existing seismic design standards for (above ground) industrial piping systems.

Worst-case Structural Analysis - New York University

Direct digital manufacturing is a set of rapidly evolving technologies that provide easy ways to manufacture highly customized and unique products. The development pipeline for such products is radically different from the conventional manufacturing pipeline: 3D geometric models are designed by users often with little or no manufacturing experience and sent directly to the printer. Structural analysis on the user side with conventional tools is often unfeasible as it requires specialized training and software. Trial-and-error, the most common approach, is time-consuming and expensive. We present an algorithm approximating the solution of the following problem: From the shape of an object and its material properties, determine the easiest (in terms of minimal applied force) ways to break it or severely deform it. Our work is largely motivated by applications in 3D printing. The cost of 3D printing has decreased significantly over the past few years, and the industry is undergoing a rapid expansion, making customized manufacturing in an increasingly broad variety of materials available to a broad user base. While many of the users are experienced creators of digital 3D shapes, engineering design expertise is far less common, and widely used 3D modeling tools lack accessible ways to predict the mechanical behavior of a 3D model. There are a number of reasons why a 3D model cannot be manufactured or is likely to fail: (1) the dimensions of thin features (walls, cylinder-like features, etc.) are too small for the printing process, resulting in shape fragmentation at the printing stage; (2) the strength of the shape is not high enough to withstand gravity at one of the stages of the printing process; (3) the printed shape is likely to be damaged during routine handling during the printing process or shipment; (4) the shape breaks during routine use.

Medical Gas Pipeline System

medical gas pipeline system is installed to provide secure, convenient and cost effective system for the clinical and nursing staff at the point of use.http://www.creativeoperationtheatre.com/medicalgaspipelinesystems.html

Medical Gas Pipeline System

medical gas pipeline system is installed to provide secure, convenient and cost effective system for the clinical and nursing staff at the point of use.http://www.creativeoperationtheatre.com/medicalgaspipelinesystems.html

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