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The research work of Wil van der Aalst, Arthur ter Hofstede, Bartek Kiepuszewski, and Alistair Barros has resulted in the identification of 21 patterns that describe the behavior of business processes. This paper reviews how two graphical process modeling notations, tShe BPMN Business Process Diagram from the Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI), and the UML 2.0 Activity Diagram from the Object Management Group (OMG), can represent the workflow patterns. The solutions of the two notations are compared for technical ability to represent the patterns as well as their readability. The research work of Wil van der Aalst, Arthur ter Hofstede, Bartek Kiepuszewski, and Alistair Barros has resulted in the identification of 21 patterns that describe the behavior of business processes. The rationale for the development of the patterns was to describe the potential capabilities that a workflow server may have during the performance of business processes. The patterns range from very simple to very complex and cover the behaviors that can be captured within most business process models. The researchers have developed a web site1 that contains descriptions and examples of these patterns, plus supporting papers and evaluations of how workflow products support the patterns. The purpose of this paper is to examine how two modeling notations, the BPMN Business Process Diagram from BPMI, and the UML 2.0 Activity Diagram from the OMG, can graphically represent the workflow patterns. For each of pattern, there will be a comparison of the two notations about how well they handled the pattern. The focus of the comparison will be both technical and how visually intuitive each notation represents the pattern.
This section introduces the Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN), developed under the coordination of the Object Management Group. Version 2 of this international standard introduces a series of modiﬁcations, including a new extension of the acronym. BPMN used to stand for Business Process Modeling Notation. In Version 2, the standard also deﬁnes a meta-model, so that Business Process Meta Model and Notation would have been a valid choice. Unfortunately, the term meta was dropped, resulting in the rather imprecise oﬃcial extension we now see in this section’s heading. In the remainder of this book, we will mostly use the acronym. The intent of the BPMN for business process modelling is very similar to the intent of the Uniﬁed Modeling Language for object-oriented design and analysis. To identify the best practices of existing approaches and to combine them into a new, widely accepted language. The set of ancestors of BPMN includes graph-based and Petri-net-based process modelling languages, such as UML activity diagrams and event-driven process chains. While these modelling languages focus on diﬀerent levels of abstraction, ranging from a business level to a more technical level, the BPMN aims at supporting the complete range of abstraction levels, from a business level to a technical implementation level. This goal is also laid out in the standards document, which states that “The primary goal of BPMN is to provide a notation that is readily understandable by all business users, from the business analysts that create the initial drafts of the processes, to the technical developers responsible for implementing the technology that will perform those processes, and ﬁnally, to the business people who will manage and monitor those processes. Thus, BPMN creates a standardized bridge for the gap between the business process design and process implementation.” The BPMN deﬁnes several diagram types for specifying both process orchestrations and process choreographies. Since this chapter focuses on orchestrations, only business process diagrams and collaboration diagrams are discussed in this section. Diagram types regarding process choreographies, that is, conversation diagrams and choreography diagrams, will be discussed in the next chapter. To classify the level of support that a particular BPMN software tool provides, the standard introduces so called conformance classes.
Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) is a graphical notation that describes the logic of steps in a business process. This notation has been especially designed to coordinate the sequence of processes and messages that flow between participants in different activities. Why is it important to model with BPMN? • BPMN is an internationally accepted process modeling standard. • BPMN is independent of any process modeling methodology. • BPMN creates a standardized bridge which reduces the gap between business processes and their implementation. • BPMN enables you to model processes in a unified and standardized way so that everyone in an organization can understand each other. Introduction to BPMN The Business Process Modeling Notation - BPMN – provides a common language which allows all the parties involved to communicate processes clearly, completely and efficiently. In this way, BPMN defines the notation and semantics of a Business Process Diagram (BPD). BPD is a diagram based on the ‘Flowchart’ technique, designed to present a graphical sequence of all the activities that take place during a process. It also includes all relative information for making an analysis. BPD is a diagram designed for the use of process analysts who design, control and manage processes. In a BPD diagram there are a series of graphical elements that are grouped into categories. To introduce BPMN, the reader will find throughout this document a series of examples revolving around a Consumer Credit Application process. A Credit Application process begins with the recording of the application where the client expresses an interest in acquiring credit. This stage includes the presentation of the application, and the required documents to the organization for verification. This is followed by an analysis or study of the credit application and finally we find the activities needed to either disburse the credit or to notify the client in case of rejection.
I bought my 1993 Ranger new in September of that year, picking one from the dealers’ inventory. The truck I selected had everything I wanted on it except for a tachometer, but I could live without that. Thirteen years and 146000 miles later I was investigating the oil pressure “idiot gauge” mod when I had the thought of replacing the instrument cluster with a tach model. I was able to find one at a local junkyard. The counter guy there assured me that it was from a 93 Explorer. It looked ok, and at ten bucks, the price was right. When I got it home I checked it over carefully. I found a tiny stamp that read “Date of Manufacture February 11 1992”. That seemed a little early for the 93 model year, so I traced out all of the connections on the cluster’s flex circuit. To my momentary dismay, practically none of the connections were in the same place as on my existing cluster. I surmised that the one I bought was from a 92 Explorer, and that Ford had done a wiring change between the 92 and 93 model years. I am an electronics engineer with over thirty years experience in avionics, communications, automation, and robotics. I’ve dealt with problems more complex than this! Physically, both clusters were the same. Same form, same connectors, same bolt patterns. After analyzing the situation it was clear that to make this work, it would be a simple matter of moving some of the wires in the two cluster connectors. What follows is a record of what I had to modify. DISCLAIMER: THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. WITHOUT LIMITATION, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OF NONINFRINGEMENT, NO WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, AND NO WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ALL WARRANTIES ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED. USER ASSUMES THE FULL RISK OF USING THIS DOCUMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY ACTUAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING FROM SUCH USE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. THIS DOCUMENT IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY.
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS) Table A–1 Molar mass, gas constant, and critical-point properties Table A–2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases Table A–3 Properties of common liquids, solids, and foods Table A–4 Saturated water—Temperature table Table A–5 Saturated water—Pressure table Table A–6 Superheated water Table A–7 Compressed liquid water Table A–8 Saturated ice–water vapor Figure A–9 T-s diagram for water Figure A–10 Mollier diagram for water Table A–11 Saturated refrigerant-134a— Temperature table Table A–12 Saturated refrigerant-134a— Pressure table Table A–13 Superheated refrigerant-134a Figure A–14 P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a Figure A–15 Nelson–Obert generalized compressibility chart Table A–16 Properties of the atmosphere at high altitude Table A–17 Ideal-gas properties of air Table A–18 Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2 Table A–19 Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2 Table A–20 Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2 Table A–21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide, CO Table A–22 Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H2 Table A–23 Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O Table A–24 Ideal-gas properties of monatomic oxygen, O Table A–25 Ideal-gas properties of hydroxyl, OH Table A–26 Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function of formation, and absolute entropy at 25°C, 1 atm Table A–27 Properties of some common fuels and hydrocarbons Table A–28 Natural logarithms of the equilibrium constant Kp Figure A–29 Generalized enthalpy departure chart Figure A–30 Generalized entropy departure chart Figure A–31 Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total pressure Table A–32 One-dimensional isentropic compressible-flow functions for an ideal gas with k ϭ 1.4 Table A–33 One-dimensional normal-shock functions for an ideal gas with k ϭ 1.4 Table A–34 Rayleigh flow functions for an ideal gas with k ϭ 1.4
Firstly it is important to follow the instructions contained with the Speedo Healer. Remove the seat and the pillion seat cowl. Then remove the 2 socket bolts at the head of the tank with a No. 5 Allen Key. When re-assembling ensure you use the correct torque settings are per the Maintenance Manual. Carefully lift the front of the tank (watch you don’t drop the tank rubbers). As you lift the front keep an eye under the tank and make sure the tank lifts smoothly and none of the wiring or piping gets caught or snagged. Support the tank as per Figure 01. FIGURE 01 Under the tank on the left side of the bike, see Figure 03 & Figure 04, you will find a number of plugs, the one you are looking for looks like the one in Figure 02. FIGURE 02 FIGURE 03 FIGURE 04 Before separating the plug I tied a piece of string around the large plug because the cable from the sensor was not very long and I worked out I would need to pass the large plug over to the opposite side of the bike to get better access to change the plug to the one provided. Pull the plug apart and keep the small side on the left side of the bike. FIGURE 05 Then carefully feed the string through to the right side of the bike. Route the large plug and cable in such a manor that will give you the maximum length to allow ease of access to the plug. FIGURE 06 At this stage follow the instruction provided with the Speedo Healer to replace both large and small plugs. The existing plugs are very easily removed as per the instructions and can easily be reversed if required. Keep the plug, as per Figure 2, in a safe place so you can return the bike to it’s original state. FIGURE 07 FIGURE 08 Now the new plug ends have been fitted, see Figure 07 & Figure 08, pass the large plug on the right hand side back the way you routed it to get it too the right side. Once both are back on the left hand side take the loom provided with the kit and join it to the newly fitted plug ends. Once connected you will need to push the various plugs back down into the frame until they are neatly tucked away as in Figure 09...
The wireless motion sensor is weather-sealed for long life and will send a signal to the receiver up to 100 feet away. Requires 4 AA alkaline batteries (not included). The sensor can be used indoors or outdoors in temperatures ranging -20°F to 120°F. It has an infrared detection zone of 140° wide and 60 feet deep. The activation switch allows day and night operation and uses 4 AA alkaline batteries. Timer switch allows user to choose length of time for lamp to stay on: 6 seconds, 3 minutes or 10 minutes. Selectable codes block interference from outside signals. Motion activated light control with alarm. No wiring required. Weather-sealed sensor for long life. Great for inside or outside security (turns a lamp on when someone enters the driveway – giving the illusion someone is home). Has an infrared detection detection zone of 140° wide and 60 feet deep. Detects motion up to 100 feet away. Timer switch allows user to choose length of time for lamp to stay on: 6 seconds, 3 minutes or 10 minutes. Selectable codes block interference from outside signals. Includes Plug-in Receiver, Wireless Motion Sensor and Wireless Remote. Safety Technology International, Inc. 2306 Airport Road • Waterford, Michigan 48327-1209 Phone: 248-673-9898 • Fax: 248-673-1246 • Toll Free: 800-888-4784 • E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org • Web: www.sti-usa.com Europe Branch Office • Unit 49G Pipers Road • Park Farm Industrial Estate • Redditch • Worcestershire • B98 0HU • England Tel: 44 (0) 1527 520 999 • Fax: 44 (0) 1527 501 999 • Freephone: 0800 085 1678 (UK only) • E-mail: email@example.com • Web: www.sti-europe.com Printed In U.S.A. © 2006 STI HS3605 Spec. 05/06
NOTE: FAILURE TO FOLLOW INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS AND NOT USING THE PROVIDED HARDWARE MAY DAMAGE THE INTAKE TUBE, THROTTLE BODY AND ENGINE. TO START: 1. Turn off the ignition and disconnect the negative battery cable. NOTE: Disconnecting the negative battery cable erases pre-programmed electronic memories. Write down all memory settings before disconnecting the negative battery cable. Some radios will require an anti-theft code to be entered after the battery is reconnected. The anti-theft code is typically supplied with your owner’s manual. In the event your vehicles’ anti-theft code cannot be recovered, contact an authorized dealership to obtain your vehicles anti-theft code. 2. Disconnect the mass air sensor electrical connection. 3. Rotate the crank case vent hose locking ring and pull the crank case vent hose off of the air filter housing. Unhook wiring harness retaining clip from the air box. 3b. Pull up on the heater control valve and wiring harness mounting clips to unhook them from the air box mounting studs as shown. 4. Remove the four air box mounting bolts shown with a 10mm socket. 7. On vehicles that are equipped with the intake tube support bracket, remove the two 13mm nuts securing the intake tube support bracket, remove the intake tube support bracket. 8. On vehicles that are equipped with the intake tube support bracket, reinstall one of the 13mm nuts removed in step #7 onto the lower mounting stud and tighten. 5. Remove the intake tube mounting bolt shown. 9. Disconnect the TPS sensor electrical connection from the throttle body. 10. Remove the four 10mm bolts retaining the throttle body to the intake manifold. 3a. On vehicles equipped, disconnect the brake booster vent line from the air filter housing as shown. 6. Remove the entire intake tube & air filter assembly from the vehicle. NOTE: K&N Engineering, Inc., recommends that customers do not discard factory air intake.
1. Open the trunk. Remove all trunk ﬂoor covers (A). Remove the rear scuff panel by pulling up on the top (B). On both sides of the trunk remove the plastic fasteners holding the felt trunk liner in place (C). 2. On the driver’s side pull back on the felt trunk liner to locate the vehicle’s taillight wiring harness connectors (D). The connectors will be similar to those on the T-Connector harness. Separate the connectors taking care not to damage the locking tabs (E). Insert the T-Connector end with the yellow wire between the separated connectors. Make sure the connectors are fully inserted with locking tabs in place. WARNING! Verify miscellaneous items that may be hidden behind or under any surface before drilling to avoid damage and/or personal injury. 3. Locate a suitable grounding point near the connector such as an existing screw with nut in the vehicle’s frame or drill a 3/32” hole and secure the eyelet of the white ground wire using the screw provided. 4. Locate a ﬂat spot and adhere the black converter box to the inside body panel of the vehicle behind the felt trunk liner near the connector using the double-sided tape provided. 5. Route the T-Connector end with the green wire across to the passenger side behind the removed scuff panel. Repeat Step 2 on the passenger side using the T-Connector end with the green wire. Use the cable ties provided to secure wires to an existing wiring harness. 6. Route the 4-ﬂat out from under the felt trunk liner and to the center of the vehicle and out of the trunk when in use. Roll up and store in an out of the way location when not in use. 7. Reinstall all items removed during install.
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