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If you’re just getting started and taking a look around a grow store for the ﬁrst time the range of equipment, plant products and growing methods can be bewildering -in fact, it’s almost as diverse as the variety of plants you can grow!... Highly recommended—grow tents make setting up your indoor garden so much easier! Straightforward for one person alone to construct, grow tents are light proof and reflective inside, and provide a framework upon which to hang grow lights and other equipment. Available in many different shapes and sizes. A grow light simulates the sun so it needs to switch on and off at the same time over a 24-hour cycle. Sure, it’s possible to do this manually but it really isn’t all that practical in the long term. By connecting your grow light to a timer you can be sure that your plants are receiving the right amount of light each day. Many plants use day / night length as a trigger to start producing flowers and fruit. Analogue and digital timers are available... It’s vital that your indoor garden is constantly supplied with fresh air to regulate temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide (CO2) levels for optimum plant health. Indoor gardeners commonly use extraction fans to remove old air and pump in new air. Fans are rated according to the volume of air (in cubic feet) they can move in a minute. They are also specified in terms of compatible ducting and filter diameters (e.g. 4”, 6”, 8”, 12” etc.) It’s very important to select the correct size fan for your grow space. Fan speed controllers measure the temperature in your garden and adjust the power of your extraction fans accordingly so that you stay as...
The Indoor Healing Garden By Molly Griner Polk County Master Gardener Did you know that all of the benefits of an outdoor healing garden can be experienced by indoor gardening? With houseplants, we can invite a bit of living nature into our homes and workplaces, and enjoy the creation of a calm and nurturing environment, as well as the benefits of improved indoor air quality, reduced noise pollution and enhanced aesthetic values. Peace Lily The same human physiological benefits that occur from our exposure to outdoor gardens can be experienced indoors with houseplants. According to the University of Florida Department Of Horticultural Therapy, caring for indoor plants has been shown to reduce physical pain, anxiety and anger, and improve memory and concentration. The presence of beautiful and easy to grow houseplants creates an indoor environment of fresh energy and vitality. The welcoming design of live indoor plants adds texture and color to rooms that are dominated by artificially manufactured furniture, upholstery and appliances. Houseplants also act as a buffer to noise pollution, both from the outdoors, such as from traffic, and within the building structure itself. This is especially helpful in large interior spaces. From early experiments by NASA in purifying air in space, to a more recent global body of research, there is growing evidence that houseplants act as living air filters— absorbing pollutants and breaking them down to clean indoor air. Houseplants remove carbon dioxide from the...
Much of the scenic beauty of nature has been replaced by densely populated areas that sprawl for miles from urban centers. This visual pollution affects us all and leaves us with a longing for a closer connection with nature. We spend about 90% of our time indoors. Interior plants are an ideal way to create attractive and restful settings while enhancing our sense of well being. In addition, houseplants can be a satisfying hobby and can help purify the air in our homes. Indoor plants not only convert carbon dioxide to oxygen, but they also trap and absorb many pollutants. Many of these chemical compounds, which are released into our air through a process called “offgassing,” come from everyday items present in our homes and offices. To be a successful indoor gardener, you need to understand how the interior environment affects plant growth and how cultivation differs from growing plants outdoors. With the help of this table, you can obtain the light intensity reading from anywhere in your home. For example, if the f/stop setting is f/16, the approximate light level is 2,400 ft-c. Plant growth is affected by light, temperature, humidity, water, nutrition, and soil.
Part Number B-Series PU Mazda 3 Mazda 5 Mazda 6 Miata/MX5 Mazdaspd. MPV Protegé RX8 Tribute 03-06 04-06 05-06 03-06 96-05 02-06 02-06 02-03 04-06 02-06 Known Limitations* Compatible Radio Systems Requires radio FW v.9.55 Requires radio FW v.9.55 Requires radio FW v.9.55 Requires radio FW v.9.55 Requires radio FW v.9.55 Requires radio FW v.9.55 Requires radio FW v.9.55 Requires radio FW v.9.55 Requires radio FW v.9.55 i-Mazda-R i-Mazda-R i-Mazda-R i-Mazda-R i-Mazda-R i-Mazda-R i-Mazda-R i-Mazda-R i-Mazda-R i-Mazda-R Requires radio FW v.9.55 Recommended Installation Time: All models - Approximately 60 mins Parts Information: Kit Contents: 1. DICE Module 2. Volkswagen radio interface cable (vehicle specific cable) 3. Docking Cable 1 2 3 Please verify all parts before installation! Basic Wiring Diagram: AUX Audio Source: MP3, DVD, TV... Vehicle (CD changer/SAT Port) Auxiliary Cable (not included) DICE Module iPod MENU Vehicle Specific Cable Docking Cable 1 Installation Instructions: 1 2 1. Pull vehicle into service bay and access center console. 2. Disconnect both battery terminals. These cables must be disconnected during installation to insure proper initialization of the DICE module when it is connected. Make sure you have the vehicle's radio security code before disconnecting the battery cables! Detailed steps for removing the Honda/Acura radio can be found in your factory manual this supplement will ONLY show an outline for radio removal. 3 3. Twist the shift knob off by rotating it counterclockwise. Remove the trim plate covering the Gear Selector which is held in place by plastic clips. Disconnect the seat heater control wiring. 4 4. Remove the front coin storage tray and power adapter. 2 5 6 5. Remove the phillips screws holding the plastic trim and radio mount in place. Carefully pull the assembly away from the dash. The entire console will pull out along with the radio. 6. Locate the CD Changer wiring harness; this will be on the back of the radio. The DICE vehicle Interface Cable will need to connect to this port. Its recommended to install your DICE module in a easily accessable location or to extend the AUX connector for future connections of auxiliary devices.
Sep 20, 2013 ... Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional 2014 Author: Address: Symbol Values Unit File: Porticos_Robot_2D.rtd Project: Porticos_Robot_2D Symbol description MEMBER: 842 Section ; COORDINATE: x = 0.59 L = 4.72 m Cross-section properties: HEA340-M Vao_Int_11m Ax 12721.50 mm2 Cross-section area Ay 9900.00 mm2 Shear area - y-axis Az 2821.50 mm2 Shear area - z-axis Ix 950452.21 mm4 Torsional constant Iy 747723684.63 mm4 Moment of inertia of a section about the y-axis Iz 74271220.03 mm4 Moment of inertia of a section about the z-axis Wply 1761321.37 mm3 Plastic section modulus about the y (major) axis Wplz 749201.06 mm3 Plastic section modulus about the z (minor) axis h 330.00 mm Height of cross-section b 300.00 mm Top flange width b2 300.00 mm Bottom flange width tf 16.50 mm Top flange thickness tf2 16.50 mm Bottom flange thickness tw 9.50 mm Web thickness ry 242.44 mm Radius of gyration - y-axis rz 76.41 mm Radius of gyration - z-axis Anb 1.00 Net area to gross area ratio (126.96.36.199) Eta 1.00 Factor for Av calculation (6.2.6.(3)) Material: Name S 275 ( S 275 ) fy 275.00 MPa Design yield strength of material (3.2) fu 430.00 MPa limit tensile stress - characteristic value (3.2) gM0 1.00 Partial safety factor (6.1.(1)) gM1 1.00 Partial safety factor (6.1.(1)) gM2 1.25 Partial safety factor (6.1.(1)) Designations of additional codes: EN112 EN 1991-1-2:2003 - Fire loads on a structure EN312 EN 1993-1-2:2005 - Steel structures - fire design EN313 EN 1993-1-3:2005 - Steel structures from cold-formed sections EN315 EN 1993-1-5:2005 - Steel structures - plated elements ECCS No111:2001 - Guidebook with recommendations for fire calculations ENV 1993-1-1:1992 - Steel structures - general code EC111 ENV311 Class of section cf1 141.45 mm upper flange width (Table 5.2) tf1 16.50 mm upper flange thickness (Table 5.2) Flange slenderness (Table 5.2) Flange class (5.5.2) cf1/tf1 KLF 8.57 2 cf2 141.45 mm lower flange width (Table 5.2) tf2 16.50 mm lower flange thickness (Table 5.2) Flange slenderness (Table 5.2) cf2/tf2 Date : 20/09/13 8.57 Page : 1 Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional 2014 Author: Address: Symbol Values Unit KLF2 2 cw File: Porticos_Robot_2D.rtd Project: Porticos_Robot_2D Symbol description Section Flange class (5.5.2) 289.40 mm Web height (Table 5.2) 9.50 mm Web thickness (Table 5.2) Web slenderness (Table 5.2) Relative extent of the compressed plastic zone (Table 5.2) Stress or strain ratio (Table 5.2) Web class (5.5.2) tw cw/tw 30.46 alfa 0.15 psi -1.30 KLW 1 (hw/tw)lim 66.56 limit slenderness of a web for shear EN315(5.1) hw/tw 31.26 web slenderness for shear EN315(5.1) KLSZ Plastic Web class (shear) EN315(5.1) Section type (5.5.2) KL 2 Parameters of lateral-torsional buckling analysis: General method [188.8.131.52] Lcr,upp 2.20 m Lateral buckling length of upper flange active Lcr,low 7.34 m Lateral buckling length of lower flange C1 1.00 Factor for Mcr calculations C2 0.00 Factor for Mcr calculations inactive ENV311(F.1.2.( 5)) ENV311(F.1.2.( C3 1.00 4885653729.08 .08 0.00 Factor for Mcr calculations mm6 5240.73 kN*m Iw zg Mcr Lam_LT Non-dimens. slend. ratio for lat.-tors. buckling mm 0.30 Curve,LT c Warping constant Distance from the point where the load is applied to the shear center Critical moment for lateral-torsional buckling 5)) ENV311(F.1.2.( 5)) (184.108.40.206) ENV311(F.1.2.( 1)) ENV311(F.1) (220.127.116.11.(1)) Lateral buckling curve (18.104.22.168.(2)) alfa,LT 0.49 Imperfection factor for lateral buckling curves (Table 6.3) fi,LT 0.57 Coefficient for calculation of XLT (22.214.171.124.(1)) XLT 0.95 Reduction factor for lateral-torsional buckling (126.96.36.199.(1)) Internal forces at characteristic points of cross section N,Ed -528.99 kN My,Ed 472.49 kN*m Vz,Ed -0.03 kN axial force N.Ed bending moment My.Ed shear force Vz.Ed Design forces: Nt,Rd 3498.41 kN Mb,Rd 458.74 kN*m Design tension resistance (6.2.3) Design buckling resistance moment (188.8.131.52) About the y axis of cross-section My,pl,Rd 484.36 kN*m Design plastic resistance moment (6.2.5.(2)) My,el,Rd 1246.21 kN*m Design elastic resistance moment (6.2.5.(2)) My,c,Rd 484.36 kN*m Design moment resistance (6.2.5.(2)) MN,y,Rd 473.29 kN*m Reduced design plastic resistance moment (184.108.40.206) Vz,c,Rd 447.97 kN Design plastic shear resistance (6.2.6.(2)) Verification formulas: Section strength check: UFS[Nt] 0.15 N,Ed/Nt,Rd (6.2.3.(1)) UFS[My] 0.98 My,Ed/My,c,Rd (6.2.5.(1)) Date : 20/09/13 Page : 2 Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional 2014 Author: Address: Symbol Values Unit File: Porticos_Robot_2D.rtd Project: Porticos_Robot_2D Symbol description Section UFS[NtMy] 1.00 My,Ed/MN,y,Rd (220.127.116.11.(2)) UFS[Vz] 0.00 Vz,Ed/Vz,c,Rd (6.2.6.(1)) My,Ed/Mb,Rd (18.104.22.168.(1)) Global stability check of member: UFB[My] 1.03 Ratio: RAT Date : 20/09/13 1.03 Incorrect section Efficiency ratio Page : 3
Autodesk Robot Structural™ Analysis Professional software complements building information modeling (BIM) with coordinated digital analysis and design. ® Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional is a collaborative, versatile, and fast software application that can help you compete and win in the global economy. Purpose-built for BIM, Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional calculates even your most complex models with powerful finite element auto-meshing, nonlinear algorithms, and a comprehensive collection of design codes to help you achieve results in minutes, not hours. Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional offers seamless, collaborative workflow and interoperability with 3D bidirectional links to Autodesk companion products. The open API (application programming interface) provides a scalable, country-specific analysis solution for a range of structures, including buildings and bridges, and civil and specialty structures. Subscription Benefit As an exclusive subscription benefit, Robot™ Extensions for Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional extend the capabilities of Autodesk structural analysis tools, providing structural engineers with even more flexibility to achieve their results. The spreadsheet calculator extension enables engineers to link analysis results into customizable spreadsheets for postprocessing. Users can integrate existing spreadsheets into this environment or create new applications. Simple tools are available that allow users to extract a large range of data from Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional, and no special programming experience is required. Modeling in Autodesk Revit Structure Structural Analysis in Robot Structural Analysis Bidirectional Links with Autodesk Revit Structure Experience the powerful bidirectional integration of Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional and Autodesk Revit Structure software. Seamlessly import and export structural models between the two applications by using the Revit
Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional software is a collaborative, versatile, and fast structural analysis and design application that incorporates BIM, allowing engineers to readily analyze a wide variety of structures. AutoCAD Structural Detailing AutoCAD Structural Detailing software is a powerful solution for faster and efficient detailing and creation of fabrication shop drawings for reinforced concrete and steel structures. Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional is a collaborative, versatile, and fast software application that can help you compete and win in the global economy. Purpose-built for BIM, Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional calculates even your most complex models with powerful finite element auto-meshing, nonlinear algorithms, and a comprehensive collection of design codes to help you achieve results in minutes, not hours. Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional offers seamless, collaborative workflow and interoperability with 3D bidirectional links to Autodesk companion products. The open API (application programming interface) provides a scalable, country-specific analysis solution for a range of structures, including buildings and bridges, and civil and specialty structures. Subscription Benefit As an exclusive subscription benefit, Robot™ Extensions for Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional extend the capabilities of Autodesk structural analysis tools, providing structural engineers with even more flexibility to achieve their results. The spreadsheet calculator extension enables engineers to link analysis results into customizable spreadsheets for postprocessing. Users can integrate existing spreadsheets into this environment or create new applications. Simple tools are available that allow users to extract a large range of data from Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional, and ...
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AUTO-SCAN FM RADIO KIT MODEL FM-88K ELENCO® 150 Carpenter Avenue Wheeling, IL 60090 (847) 541-3800 Website: www.elenco.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org To see our complete line of Educational Products go to WWW.ELENCO.COM Assembly and Instruction Manual ELENCO ® Copyright © 2011 by ELENCO® All rights reserved. No part of this book shall be reproduced by any means; electronic, photocopying, or otherwise without written permission from the publisher. 753050 PARTS LIST GLOSSARY (Continued) If you are a student, and any parts are missing or damaged, please see instructor or bookstore. If you purchased this kit from a distributor, catalog, etc., please contact ELENCO® (address/phone/e-mail is at the back of this manual) for additional assistance, if needed. DO NOT contact your place of purchase as they will not be able to help you. RF Radio Frequency. Sensitivity The ability of a receiver to pick up low-amplitude signals. Speaker An electronic device that turn electric impulses into sound. Surface-mount Technology RESISTORS Symbol R5 R1 R3 R4 R2 R6/S3 Value Color Code 10Ω 5% 1/4W brown-black-black-gold 680Ω 5% 1/4W blue-gray-brown-gold 5.6kΩ 5% 1/4W green-blue-red-gold 10kΩ 5% 1/4W brown-black-orange-gold 18kΩ 5% 1/4W brown-gray-orange-gold Potentiometer 50kΩ & switch w/ nut & washer Part # 121000 136800 145600 151000 151800 192522 CAPACITORS Qty. r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 r2 r1 r1 r6 r2 r1 r1 r2 Symbol C6 C7 C10 C5 C8 C4 C13 C23 C11, C12 C15 C19 C3, C9, C14, C16, C17, C* C21, C22 C20 C1 C2, C18 Value 33pF 82pF 180pF 220pF 330pF 470pF 680pF 1500pF 3300pF 0.033μF 0.047μF 0.1μF 10μF 22μF 100μF 220μF Description Discap (33) Discap (82) Discap (181 or 180) Discap (221 or 220) Discap (331 or 330) Discap (471 or 470) Discap (681 or 680) Discap (152) Discap (332) Discap (333) Discap (473) Discap (104) Electrolytic radial Electrolytic radial Electrolytic radial Electrolytic radial Part # 213317 218210 221810 222210 223317 224717 226880 231516 233310 243318 244780 251010 271044 272244 281044 282244 COILS Qty. r1 r1 Symbol L2 L1 Value Qty. r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 Symbol D1 D2 D3 U2 U1 Description Coil 4-turn Coil 6-turn Value BB909/BB910 1N4001 Part # 430150 430160 SEMICONDUCTORS LM-386 or identical TDA7088T or identical Description Varactor Semiconductor silicon diode Red LED 3mm Low voltage audio power amplifier FM receiver SM installed on PC board Part # 310909 314001 350003 330386 MISCELLANEOUS Qty. r1 r1 r2 r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 Description Antenna FM PC board w/ installed U1 (TDA7088T) Push button switch 12mm Battery holder Speaker 8Ω Cap push button switch yellow Cap push button switch red Knob pot / switch Qty. r1 r2 r1 r1 r1 r 3” r1 Part # 484005 517038 540005 590096 590102 622001 622007 622050 -1- Description Screw M1.8 x 7.5mm Antenna screw M2 x 5mm Nut M1.8 Socket IC 8-pin Speaker pad Wire 22 ga. solid Solder Lead-free Part # 641100 643148 644210 664008 780128 834012 9LF99 Trimmer A semiconductor component that can be used to amplify signals, or as electronic switches. Varactor A method of using special components that are soldered to the PC board’s surface. A diode optimized to vary its internal capacitance with a change in its reverse bias voltage. Voltage Electrical potential difference measured in volts. An adjustable fine-tuning resistor, capacitor, or inductor of small values. Voltage Regulator A circuit that holds the DC voltage. QUIZ INSTRUCTIONS: Complete the following examination, check your answers carefully. 6. The capacitance of the varactor is determined by . . . r A) the voltage level. r B) the amount of current in the circuit. r C) the signal strength of the RF carrier. r D) the amount of resistance in the circuit. 1. The number of cycles produced per second by a source of sound is called the . . . r A) amplitude. r B) vibration. r C) sound wave. r D) frequency. 7. The ability to select a specific band of frequencies, while rejecting others, is called . . . r A) selectivity. r B) sensitivity. r C) demodulation. r D) none of the above. 2. The frequency of the modulating signal determines the ... r A) number of times the frequency of the carrier changes per second. r B) maximum deviation of the FM carrier. r C) maximum frequency swing of the FM carrier. r D) amount of amplitude change of the FM carrier. 8. The process of mixing two signals to produce a third signal is called . . . r A) filtering. r B) detecting. r C) rectification. r D) heterodyning. 3. The FM broadcast band is . . . r A) 550 – 1,600kHz. r B) 10.7MHz. r C) 88 – 108MHz. r D) 98.7 – 118.7MHz. 9. The circuit designed to supply substantial power output into low impedance load is called . . . r A) power supply. r B) pre-amplifier. r C) power amplifier. r D) detector. 4. The AFC circuit is used to . . . r A) automatically hold the local oscillator on frequency. r B) maintain constant gain in the receiver to prevent such things as fading. r C) prevent amplitude variations of the FM carrier. r D) automatically control the audio frequencies in the receiver. 5. The device most often used for changing the local oscillator frequency with the AFC voltage is a . . . r A) feedthrough capacitor. r B) variable inductor. r C) varactor. r D) trimmer capacitor. 10. The gain of the LM-386 amplifier can be set in range from . . . r A) 1 to 20. r B) 20 to 200. r C) 0 to 200. r D) 50 to 100. Answers: 1. D, 2. A, 3. C, 4. A, 5. C, 6. A, 7. C, 8. D, 9. C, 10. B