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In Communication system, the system capacity and performance are adversely affected and degraded by interference. Hence, power control plays a prominent role in an interference-limited system, which increases the efficiency by mitigating the adjacent and co-Channel interference in the system. In this paper, primarily power control is said to be used in maintaining the acceptable Carrier to Interference Ratio (CIR) by meeting some Quality of service (QoS) requirements Objective function that is defined as maximum channel capacity in a power constraint scenario. The signals in a radio channel undergo different propagation effects like reflection, refraction, scattering and shadowing. Hence, the distribution of users across subcarrier groups as well as their transmission powers within a given cell has a significant effect on how users and power are accordingly distributed elsewhere in the network to maximize the capacity of the system thereby enhancing its performance
Optimization the production of extracellular lipase in culture of Bacillus cereus has been investigated. From 10 samples of diesel fuel polluted soil it was found that 3 samples was positive for the presence of B. cereus. Lipase production by B. cereus isolated from diesel fuel polluted soil was investigated and optimized. The enzyme production was increased with increasing time and maximum enzyme activity was obtained after 72 hrs of incubation. Effect of pH and temperature indicated that, the lipase production was maximum at pH 8.0 (60.2 U/ml) and at 35°C (55.25 U/ml). The lipase production was optimized in shake flask experiments. With a selected carbon sources, maltose (65.5 U/mL) and nitrogen source, peptone (66.25 U/mL) was suitable substrates for accelerating lipase production. The present study indicates that the various factors influenced enzyme production by the bacteria, it appears that the nature of the supplements had significantly influenced on the produc
This paper presents a systematic approach to designing negative-resistance and Colpitts oscillators using p-HEMT transistor. Various models such as, common source and common gate configuration in negative-resistance oscillators, common source series feedback in Colpitts oscillator is selected to analyze the output power and stability presented by the p-HEMT transistor. These oscillators are designed at 2.45 GHz frequency for which we find application in Bluetooth and Wi-Fi. In this paper, these designs are studied and tested, with their results analyzed below. Further, study proved that the Colpitts oscillator designed gave more output power and stability than the negativeresistance oscillators
Even a small transition delays and little faults create major concern in digital circuits. It Produce greater impact on not only for simple memory but also for most of the memory applications. This paper presents an error-detection method for difference-set cyclic codes with majority logic decoding. Majority logic decodable codes are suitable for memory applications due to their capability to correct a large number of errors. However, they require a large decoding time that impacts memory performance. The proposed fault-detection method significantly reduces memory access time when there is no error in the data read. The technique uses the majority logic decoder itself to detect failures, which makes the area overhead minimal and keeps the extra power consumption low. The proposed method detects the occurrences of single error, double error ,triple error in the received code words obtained from the memory system.
Westward group alternative energy tokyo UN Paris Summit – De wereld van de energie-systeem "in gevaar is van tekortschieten van de hoop en verwachtingen te kunnen voldoen", aldus het jaarverslag vooruitzichten van het Internationaal Energie Agentschap (IEA). Het rapport wijst op kernenergie als een belangrijk element in het verminderen van de uitstoot van koolstof en het verstrekken van energiezekerheid. Een samenvatting van het rapport kijkt vooruit naar 2040, en zegt dat de energievoorziening van de wereld zal komen ongeveer gelijke verhoudingen van olie, gas, kolen en koolstofarme
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