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In Communication system, the system capacity and performance are adversely affected and degraded by interference. Hence, power control plays a prominent role in an interference-limited system, which increases the efficiency by mitigating the adjacent and co-Channel interference in the system. In this paper, primarily power control is said to be used in maintaining the acceptable Carrier to Interference Ratio (CIR) by meeting some Quality of service (QoS) requirements Objective function that is defined as maximum channel capacity in a power constraint scenario. The signals in a radio channel undergo different propagation effects like reflection, refraction, scattering and shadowing. Hence, the distribution of users across subcarrier groups as well as their transmission powers within a given cell has a significant effect on how users and power are accordingly distributed elsewhere in the network to maximize the capacity of the system thereby enhancing its performance
The occupied, exiled and displaced people of Kashmir are at war for liberation from foreign Indian occupants since the day when ruling non Muslim Monarch of Kashmir sold the 77% Muslim Kashmiri population to India after the subdivision of subcontinent and that is ruling occupied Kashmir with the help of a puppet regime providing a room for the prevalence of ethnocentric bias hypothesis contrary to the findings by (Antonio, Robert 2007) and close to the findings by (SILOVE 1999) suggesting that ‘torture’ and human rights ‘violations’ can effect human being and in the existing mental state of the people of Kashmir ‘conversational analysis’ needs to be based on assumption about the prevalence of ethnocentric hypothesis bias within Kashmiris pro liberation and puppet regime instead of Kashmiris and out groups in case of ‘implicature’’ anthimeria’ ‘hyperbole’ irony’ and other allied linguistic areas.
Cloud computing is the apt technology for the decade. It allows user to store large amount of data in cloud storage and use as and when required, from any part of the world, via any terminal equipment. While Cloud services offer flexibility, scalability and economies of scale, there have been commensurate concerns about security. On the similar terms, we have chosen to make use of a combination of authentication technique and key exchange algorithm blended with an encryption algorithm. In this project, we have proposed to make use of 3DES algorithm which is a well-known symmetric cryptosystem and is widely used for secure data transmission, along with that we will blend it with Random Key Generator and Graphical Password to add an extra security measure. This proposed architecture of three way mechanism and the use of symmetric method of encryption make it tough for hackers to crack the security system, thereby protecting data stored in cloud.
Phototoxic and photoallergic reactions represent skin reactions to the sun, in the presence of photoactive chemicals applied on the skin or taken systemically. They have a highly polymorphic clinical presentation – photo contact urticaria, eczema on sun-exposed areas sometimes with erythema multiforme, exaggerated sunburn, linear phytophotodermatitis, pseudoporphyria, photoonycholysis, dyschromia, and lupus erythematosus. Also, skin cancers are increasingly associated with exposure to photoactive chemicals. There is a geographical and timely variation in the responsible agents, but they are mostly furocumarins from plants, UV filters in sunscreens and cosmetics, and drugs (NSAIDs, antimicrobials, phenothiazines, amiodarone, etc.) Three drugs like Chloramphenicol, Norflox, and Kucil(Fluorouracil) were tested for Phototoxic effect procured from local market and check the ph and absorption spectra and note and solubility of test drug was tried out through different solve
Cooling tower is an important part of power plant. The efficiency of power plant is directly depends on the effectiveness of cooling tower. In cooling tower scheduled maintenance and shutdown maintenance is a problem which affects its effectiveness and performance of cooling tower. In cooling tower shutdown maintenance required in every 2 to 3 year periods at this period the whole plant will be shutdown, and require 28 to 35 days maintenance so that cooling tower will be in its best working condition. In every cooling tower manufacturer provide the scheduled maintenance check list so that the worker will perform their maintenance as per given instruction. In present work optimization of shutdown maintenance strategy is done so that the time elapsed in maintenance will reduce and the requirement of man power will be reduced.
This paper presents Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of Pelton turbine of Khimti Hydropower in Nepal. The purpose of CFD analysis is to determine torque generated by the turbine and pressure distributions in bucket for further work on fatigue analysis. The CFD analysis is carried out on model size Pelton runner reduced at 1:3.5 scale to minimize computational cost and time. The operating conditions for model size runner is selected in accordance with IEC 60193 and IEC 1116. The paper describes the methods used for CFD analysis using ANSYS CFX software. 3 buckets are used to predict the flow behavior of complete Pelton turbine. k-ε and SST turbulence model with interphase transfer method as free surface and mixture model is compared in the paper. The pressure distribution is found maximum at bucket tip and runner Pitch Circle Diameter (PCD). The torque generated by the middle bucket is replicated over time to determine total torque generated by Pelton turbine.
Gray level Slicing is to highlight a specific range of gray values. Power Adaptation methods are presented for gray level slicing approaches. Power Adaptation methods aims in optimization of the resulting bit error rate by gray level slicing without preserving background and gray level slicing with background. This paper gives us an achievable increase in the proposed method rather than the conventional method with a better quality and the bit error rate is also optimized in proposed method rather than the former method with acceptable quality.
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