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Risk management also faces difficulties in allocating resources. This is the idea of opportunity cost. Resources spent on risk management could have been spent on more profitable activities. Again, ideal risk management minimizes spending (or manpower or other resources) and also minimizes the negative effects of risks.
Like much of agriculture, Alabama’s aquacultural production sector has been under stress for several years. Alabama producers and intermediaries in the system face competition from others in the ﬁsh and seafood industry, both domestically and internationally, as well as from producers and handlers of other protein sources. Prices for farm level products have generally been depressed and input costs have been on the rise. Thus, proﬁt margins have become thin to nonexistent. Resource owners are interested in identifying and evaluating viable alternative uses for their productive assets. To cope in this environment and be proﬁtable, Alabama aquacultural producers must organize and operate to maximize efﬁciency and be innovative in decisions and actions. Existing ﬁsh production technologies and approaches, primarily pond culture, may not compete effectively. Increasing yield per unit of water, lowering cost per unit of product, and/or enhancing market access could improve the plight of producers. This study aims to identify and assess the technical and economic feasibility of an alternative production system that integrates hydroponic tomato production with production of channel catﬁsh or tilapia using recirculating water through a closed, controlled environment using separate greenhouses to produce tomatoes and ﬁsh throughout the year.
Hydroponics – Sustainable. Agriculture for the ... Variety of Hydroponic Systems Based on. Nutrient ... field grown vs $1.00 / lb for hydroponic tomatoes. Target ... Hydroponics – Sustainable st Century Agriculture for the 21 Richard Tyson University of Florida / Orange County Extension WHERE DOES YOUR FOOD COME FROM ? LOCAL FOODS Food security Economic security Food safety Socially responsible Environmentally responsible Hydroponics : Definition Growing plants without soil in a liquid or soilless media with a mineral nutrient solution Hydroponics Greenhouse or outdoor systems Environmental and labor friendly Crop choices ‐ environment and cost factors pH recommendation range from 5.5‐6.5 High tech and low tech systems
All Intellectual Property, as defined below, owned by or which is otherwise the property of Samsung or its respective suppliers relating to the SAMSUNG Phone, including but not limited to, accessories, parts, or software relating there to (the “Phone System”), is proprietary to Samsung and protected under federal laws, state laws, and international treaty provisions. Intellectual Property includes, but is not limited to, inventions (patentable or unpatentable), patents, trade secrets, copyrights, software, computer programs, and related documentation and other works of authorship. You may not infringe or otherwise violate the rights secured by the Intellectual Property. Moreover, you agree that you will not (and will not attempt to) modify, prepare derivative works of, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, or otherwise attempt to create source code from the software. No title to or ownership in the Intellectual Property is transferred to you. All applicable rights of the Intellectual Property shall remain with SAMSUNG and its suppliers. Open Source Software Some software components of this product, including but not limited to 'PowerTOP' and 'e2fsprogs', incorporate source code covered under GNU General Public License (GPL), GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL), OpenSSL License, BSD License and other open source licenses. To obtain the source code covered under the open source licenses, please visit: http://opensource.samsung.com. Disclaimer of Warranties; Exclusion of Liability EXCEPT AS SET FORTH IN THE EXPRESS WARRANTY CONTAINED ON THE WARRANTY PAGE ENCLOSED WITH THE PRODUCT, THE PURCHASER TAKES THE PRODUCT "AS IS", AND SAMSUNG MAKES NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER WITH RESPECT TO THE PRODUCT, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE MERCHANTABILITY OF THE PRODUCT OR ITS FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE; THE DESIGN, CONDITION OR QUALITY OF THE PRODUCT; THE PERFORMANCE OF THE PRODUCT; THE WORKMANSHIP OF THE PRODUCT OR THE COMPONENTS CONTAINED THEREIN; OR COMPLIANCE OF THE PRODUCT WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF ANY LAW, RULE, SPECIFICATION OR CONTRACT PERTAINING VZW_i545_UM_Eng_MD2e_CH_050813_F3
All Intellectual Property, as defined below, owned by or which is otherwise the property of Samsung or its respective suppliers relating to the SAMSUNG Phone, including but not limited to, accessories, parts, or software relating there to (the “Phone System”), is proprietary to Samsung and protected under federal laws, state laws, and international treaty provisions. Intellectual Property includes, but is not limited to, inventions (patentable or unpatentable), patents, trade secrets, copyrights, software, computer programs, and related documentation and other works of authorship. You may not infringe or otherwise violate the rights secured by the Intellectual Property. Moreover, you agree that you will not (and will not attempt to) modify, prepare derivative works of, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, or otherwise attempt to create source code from the software. No title to or ownership in the Intellectual Property is transferred to you. All applicable rights of the Intellectual Property shall remain with SAMSUNG and its suppliers. Open Source Software Some software components of this product incorporate source code covered under GNU General Public License (GPL), GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL), OpenSSL License, BSD License and other open source licenses. To obtain the source code covered under the open source licenses, please visit: http://opensource.samsung.com. Disclaimer of Warranties; Exclusion of Liability EXCEPT AS SET FORTH IN THE EXPRESS WARRANTY CONTAINED ON THE WARRANTY PAGE ENCLOSED WITH THE PRODUCT, THE PURCHASER TAKES THE PRODUCT "AS IS", AND SAMSUNG MAKES NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER WITH RESPECT TO THE PRODUCT, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE MERCHANTABILITY OF THE PRODUCT OR ITS FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE; THE DESIGN, CONDITION OR QUALITY OF THE PRODUCT; THE PERFORMANCE OF THE PRODUCT; THE WORKMANSHIP OF THE PRODUCT OR THE COMPONENTS CONTAINED THEREIN; OR COMPLIANCE OF THE PRODUCT WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF ANY LAW, RULE, SPECIFICATION OR CONTRACT PERTAINING THERETO. NOTHING CONTAINED IN THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO CREATE AN EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER WITH RESPECT TO THE PRODUCT. IN ADDITION, SAMSUNG SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES OF ANY KIND RESULTING FROM THE PURCHASE OR USE OF SCH-R760_UM_Eng_FE19_CH_062012_F5 THE PRODUCT OR ARISING FROM THE BREACH OF THE EXPRESS WARRANTY, INCLUDING INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR LOSS OF ANTICIPATED PROFITS OR BENEFITS. SAMSUNG IS NOT LIABLE FOR PERFORMANCE ISSUES OR INCOMPATIBILITIES CAUSED BY YOUR EDITING OF REGISTRY SETTINGS, OR YOUR MODIFICATION OF OPERATING SYSTEM SOFTWARE. USING CUSTOM OPERATING SYSTEM SOFTWARE MAY CAUSE YOUR DEVICE AND APPLICATIONS TO WORK IMPROPERLY.
Fluids/Solids Handling Understand the Basics of Centrifugal Pump Operation By starting from such fundamentals as head and pressure, the authors have developed practical tips for specification and operation that provide for cost-effectiveness and reliability. Kimberly Fernandez, Bernadette Pyzdrowski, Drew W. Schiller and Michael B. Smith, KBR C entrifugal pumps are the most common type of kinetic pump, and are used most often in applications with moderate-to-high flow and low head. As the workhorse of the chemical process industries (CPI), centrifugals are almost always more economical to own, operate and maintain than other types of pumps. Parameters needed in specifying The process engineer is normally responsible for specifying the process requirements of the pump, including the conditions and physical properties of the liquid, and, most importantly, the ﬂowrate, pressure, density and viscosity. The ﬂowrate determines the capacity of the pump, and the head depends on the density and viscosity of the liquid. In general, the required ﬂowrate is determined by the material and energy balances. Design margins, typically between 0–25%, are added to the material-balance ﬂowrate to account for unexpected variations in properties or conditions, or to ensure that the overall plant meets its performance criteria. Also, minimum ﬂow protection is often added as continuous circulation. Occasionally, the required ﬂowrate (including design margins) may fall in the low range of that for centrifugal pumps. In such cases, a minimum-size pump rated for continuous service is speciﬁed, and the extra pump capacity is typically consumed by circulation from the discharge to the source. 52 www.cepmagazine.org May 2002 CEP During speciﬁcation, the maximum pressure a pump will develop during any aspect of operation, including startup, shutdown and upset conditions is determined. The shutoff pressure is the maximum pressure a pump will develop under zero-ﬂow conditions, which reﬂects a fully blocked outlet. Variables to consider when determining the design pressure include: • maximum pressure of the source (e.g., relieving pressure of a vessel) • maximum head developed by the pump (i.e., shutoff head) • maximum static head of the ﬂuid in the pump’s suction line • maximum pump operating speed (for variablespeed drives) • possibility of operator intervention during an upset. The head h is the most commonly used measurement of the energy at any point of the system, or of the system as a whole. It is deﬁned as: h=...
The all-new 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 arrive first as a crew cab, followed soon by a regular cab and a double cab, which replaces the extended cab of previous years. Early buyers can choose from either a 4.3L V6 engine or a 5.3L V8 engine. A new 6.2L V8 engine will follow later in the year. For the first time, 1500 crew cabs will be available with a longer 6’6” cargo box, in addition to the previous 5’8” cargo box, enabling customers to carry more cargo while still being able to park in many garages. Three all-new EcoTec3 engines will be offered. The EcoTec3 engines feature three state-of-the-art technologies — direct injection, V4 Active Fuel Management (cylinder deactivation) and continuously variable valve timing — to make the most of power, torque and efficiency across a broad range of operating conditions. Full-Size Truck Brake Pipe Kit All kits are pre-formed and pre-flared to aid installation. The brake pipe kits have a nylon coating that provides better All-New 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 Have Arrived. . . . . . 1 Full-Size Truck Brake Pipe Kit . . . . . . . . . . 1 New EcoTec3 Engines ACDelco recently released new hydraulic brake pipe kits for 1999-2007 Chevrolet Silverados and GMC Sierras and 1999-2006 Cadillac Escalade, Chevrolet Tahoe, Chevrolet Suburban, Chevrolet Avalanche and GMC Yukon models. These kits can be used any time the replacement of the entire brake pipe assembly is required. IN THIS ISSUE corrosion protection; and they are a lower-cost alternative to pipe replacement. The kits are not intended for the repair of a single damaged brake pipe. They are intended for the replacement of the entire brake pipe assembly due to c orrosion or wear. Service bulletin 13D-079 GMT800 details the procedures for installing these kits. It includes a part number l isting for each application. continued on page 3...
Electric Fireplaces About Industry Leader Unsurpassed Quality ClassicFlame is the world leader in the design and manufacturing of electric fireplaces ClassicFlame employs the highest manufacturing protocols including: • First to design mantels of the most sought after furniture styles, crafted from the finest quality hardwood solids and hand selected fine furniture veneers. • Incoming Quality Control (IQC) on components and materials IQC - Ensures the product will conform to all specifications at all times, within the intended product life. • First to use fine furniture grade construction techniques. • • First to design electrical inserts with glowing logs and ember beds that look realistic when turned on or off. In-line and finished goods inspections to AQL standards. AQL - Measures the acceptable quality levels of products. • • ClassicFlame has earned the reputation of “The Finest Furniture in the Electric Fireplace Industry”. ISTA packaging standards Packaging is the one thing protecting your product from structural or environmental damage when shipped. • CSA certifications for U.S. and Canadian Markets Tested to meet or exceed all UL 2021 standards. CSA Certification & UL Standards - Provides increased assurance of quality and safety in electrical components. Solid hardwood blocks with metal on metal connections The only fireplaces with SpectraFire blue flame effect Furniture quality design and construction Twin-Star International Is On Designed and Engineered in the USA. www.twinstarhome.com ©2012 TWIN-STAR INTERNATIONAL, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED CF-CAT-103112 $ave Money with Zone Heating HEATS UP TO 1,000 SQ. FT ZONE HEATING SAVES Heat 400 ft2 UP TO with our standard line of electric fireplaces Heat 1000 ft2 UP TO with Quartz InfraRed Heating Technology Cost efficient: Heat any room in your house for just pennies an hour 100% Energy Efficient Flame operates with or without heat for all year use. Turning down your thermostat by 10-15 degrees for 8 hours a day can save as much as 10% off your heating bill. * *Source: Energy Information Administration Twin-Star International Is On Designed and Engineered in the USA. Sales@twinstarhome.com ©2012 TWIN-STAR INTERNATIONAL, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED CF-CAT-103112 www.twinstarhome.com Green, Clean, Safe ClassicFlame is widely recognized for making “The Finest Furniture in the Electric Fireplace Industry”. We are LEED Certified and proud members of the Sustainable Furnishings Council and Green Builders Council. Choose Electric. Unlike gas and wood burning fireplaces, ClassicFlame Electric Fireplaces emit no Carbon Monoxide, Carbon Dioxide, Methane or formaldehyde, which means zero emissions - no indoor or outdoor pollution. Step out of the Stone Age. ClassicFlame Electric Fireplaces do not require the consumption of wood or fossil fuels to operate. 100% Energy Efficient. All of the electric input energy is converted to heat. ZONE HEATING SAVES Zone Heating Saves. Warm only the room you’re in without wasting energy or money, by heating other rooms that are rarely used. Taking Things to the Next Level. Our technology is 2 years ahead of the competition. We have a constant commitment to take our already energy efficient and environmentally friendly fireplaces to the next level. Don’t Burn Your Money. The LED’s we use to power our flame effect only use 11.2 watts of electric power and have a life span of over 75,000 hours, versus regular incandescent light bulbs that use 120 watts and have to be replaced every 2,000 hours or so. That’s a difference in product life of about 8.5 years versus 83 days. Twin-Star International Is On
When using electric fireplaces, basic precautions should always be followed to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock and injury to persons, including the following: 1. Read all instructions before using this heater. 2. This fireplace is hot when in use. To avoid burns, do not let bare skin touch hot surfaces, such as surfaces near the heater outlet or light bulbs. Keep combustible materials such as clothes, pillows, furniture, bedding, papers and curtains at least 3 feet from the front of this appliance. 3. CAUTION: Whenever the heater is left operating and unattended, extreme caution is necessary if children or invalids are nearby. 4. Do not install the fireplace directly on carpet or a similar surface, which may restrict air circulation beneath the unit. 5. Always unplug fireplace when not in use. Disconnect the heater by turning controls to off then remove plug from outlet. 6. Fireplace is designed for indoor and household use only. 7. This fireplace is not intended for use in wet locations such as bathrooms, laundry areas and similar indoor locations. Never locate fireplace where it may fall into a bathtub or other water container. 8. If the fireplace shows any signs of damage or if the heater has malfunctioned. Return fireplace to authorized service for examination, adjustment or repair. 9. Do not run cord under carpeting or route cord under furniture or appliance.. Do not cover cord with throw rugs and runners. Arrange cord away from traffic areas and where it will not be tripped over. 10. Do not insert or allow foreign objects to enter any ventilation or exhaust opening as this may cause an electric shock, fire, or may damage the heater. 11. To prevent a possible fire, do not block heater outlet or any ventilation or exhaust in any manner. 12. All electrical heaters have hot and arcing or sparking parts inside. Do not use it in areas where gasoline, paint, or flammable liquids are used or stored or where the unit will be exposed to flammable vapours. 13. Extension cord may become overheat and may cause a risk of fire. If you have to use an extension cord, the cord shall be 16AWG minimum size and rate not less than 125V/15A or 2500 watts. 14. Always use properly grounded, fused and polarized outlets. 15. Always use ground fault protection where required by electrical code. 16. Always disconnect power before performing any cleaning, maintenance or relocation of the fireplace. 17. This appliance is not intended for use by persons (including children) with reduced physical, sensory or mental capabilities, or lack of experience and knowledge, unless they have been given supervision or instruction concerning use of the appliance by a person responsible for their safety. Children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with the appliance. 18. CAUTION: In order to avoid a hazard due to inadvertent resetting of the thermal cutout, this appliance must not be supplied through an external switching device such as a timer, or connected to a circuit that is regularly switched on and off by the utility. 4|Page...
1. Status indicator (Power On/Off, Battery, and Pairing ) 2. Power On/Off 3. Mini-USB Charging port 4. Auxiliary-in jack 5. Previous track 6. Play/Pause or Microphone mute/unmute (in-call) 7. Next track 8. Microphone 9. Volume down 10. Pair or phone button 11. Volume up © 2011 Logitech. All rights reserved. Logitech, the Logitech logo, and other Logitech marks are owned by Logitech and may be registered. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Logitech assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this manual. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice. 620-004023.002 1 2 Charging The speaker doesn’t work or it won’t pair • Try moving your device closer. • Is the speaker turned on and charged? • Turn the speaker off and then on to wake it. • Is Bluetooth enabled on your device or computer? • Try repeating the setup procedure in this guide or pair with a different Bluetooth device. • The speaker plays music from one device at a time. Unpair the device not being used. (Refer to your device documentation for help.) Pair a new device using the setup procedure. • If pairing with a computer, specify the Logitech Mini Boombox as the audio out device on the computer. The speaker enters power saving mode if no audio is played for 30 minutes. Slide the power switch off and then on to wake the speaker. USB Troubleshooting About once a month, fully charge the speaker (about 4 hours). 1. Plug the charging cable into the speaker’s charging port and the USB power adapter that came with your tablet device. 2. Plug the adapter into an AC outlet. Battery saving 3 Additional Help For online help, go to www.logitech.com/support/miniboombox Note: You can also use a computer (with the power on) for charging. Plug the charging cable into the USB port. Status indicator: Blinking blue = Charging Solid blue = Fully charged Solid red = Low battery Blinking red = Very low battery Setup To play audio from a Bluetooth device, you need to pair the device with the speaker. You can pair up to eight devices. 1. On your Bluetooth device, turn on Bluetooth and scan for devices in its Bluetooth menu. 2. Turn on the speaker. When powering up for the first time, the speaker is discoverable for 2 minutes and is ready for pairing. The Status indicator blinks red and blue. 3. When “Mini Boombox” appears on the device list of your Bluetooth device, select the Mini Boombox. (If a pass code is requested, enter 0000.) The Bluetooth status light turns solid blue after pairing is established. The speaker is ready to play music. Note: If pairing times out (the Bluetooth status light stops blinking red and blue), press and hold the Pair or Phone button until the Bluetooth status light blinks red and blue again. Repeat step 3.