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hadis tingkatan 4 quran sunnah

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62 BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN A ... - Digilib UNIMED

Pengurus Partai Demokrat sudah berperan dalam meningkatkan partisipasi politik masyarakat melalui pendidikan politik dan sosialisasi politik. Peran pengurus Partai Demokrat dalam meningkatkan partisipasi politik masyarakat ialah sebagai partai yang nasionalis-religius, yaitu kerja keras untuk kepentingan rakyat dengan landasan moral dan memperhatikan aspek humanisme, nasionalisme, dan pluralisme dalam rangka mencapai tujuan perdamaian, demokrasi, dan kesejahteraan rakyat. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan setelah memperoleh data berdasarkan jawaban responden, bahwa ternyata memang pendidikan politik, sosialisasi politik dan aksi paling menyentuh hati masyarakat itu harus dilakukan seperti kepedulian partai untuk memperjuangkan kepentingan masyarakat ini sangat bermanfaat untuk meningkatkan partisipasi politik masyarakat. Hal ini dilakukan pada saat kegiatan partai seperti penyuluhan, seminar, dialog dan lain-lain agar rakyat mengerti tentang keadaan berpolitik pada saat sekarang ini dan ikut berpartisipasi. Adapun keterlibatan masyarakat dalam kaderisasi adalah Partai Demokrat membuka dan memberi kesempatan sebesar-besarnya kepada masyarakat agar bersedia mencalonkan tokoh-tokoh untuk masuk dalam salah satu gabungan kandidat peserta pemilihan umum. Selain itu penelitian ini juga membuktikan bahwa mereka pernah melakukan pendidikan politik, sosialisasi politik dan memperjuangkan kepentingan masyarakat dengan tujuan meningkatkan partisipasi politik masyarakat walaupun melalui perlombaan Koor Gerejawi bagi umat Kristen, lomba baca al-quran dan sejenisnya bagi umat muslim, mengadakan pasar murah, kampanye, dan membantu masyarakat dalam pengurusan KTP dan lain-lain. Hal ini terlihat dari jawaban-jawaban responden yang menyatakan bahwa melalui pendidikan politik, sosialisasi politik itu perlu ditingkatkan agar rakyat tidak terjadi pembodohan politik serta ikut berpartisipasi dalam kegiatan politik. Untuk itu pengurus harus selalu mengadakan pendidikan politik, sosialisasi politik dan peduli akan keadaan masyarakat, maka melalui peran partai tersebut masyarakat akan menjadi pemilih yang cerdas dalam pemilu dan menumbuhkan rasa percaya diri atau mendewasakan perpolitikan di seluruh lapisan masyarakat melalui sosialisasi politik, diskusi, seminar, media massa, maupun secara langsung dilapangan oleh Partai Demokrat. ...

PRE-AWARD AUDIT UNTUK PENGADAAN BARANG JASA ...

PRE-AWARD AUDIT UNTUK PENGADAAN BARANG JASA SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENINGKATAN PERAN APIP Pengadaan barang/jasa masih menjadi primadona bagi pelaku korupsi di Indonesia. Kondisi ini diperburuk dengan APIP yang masih mengandalkan post audit yaitu melakukan audit setelah proses pengadaan barang jasa selesai. Dengan post audit peran APIP sebagai quality assurance proses pengadanaan barang/jasa kurang optimal dimana penghematan dan best value of money tidak tercapai optimal. Alternatif terbaik bagi APIP adalah lebih banyak melakukan current audit untuk menghasilkan penghematan. Korupsi di Indonesia paling banyak dilakukan lewat modus pengadaan barang/jasa pemerintah. Proyek Fasilitas Olah Raga di Hambalang, Bogor dengan nilai Rp 2,5 Trilyun menurut BPK terdapat indikasi kerugian negara Rp 243,66 milliar (Kompas.com, 31 Oktober 2012), Proyek simulator SIM senilai Rp 196 milliar diduga dikorupsi sehingga menimbulkan kerugian Negara sebesar Rp 144 milliar (Tempo.com, 24 April 2012), dan Proyek pengadaan Al-quran dan Laboratorium yang membagi-bagi fee Rp. 103,2 milliar (Kompas.com, 6 Mei 2013). Data di atas menunjukkan bahwa seandainya uang tersebut dapat dicegah sebelum terjadi transaksi pengadaan barang/jasa dapat dibayangkan penghematan yang dapat dilakukan. Pengalaman Negara Amerika Serikat dalam menerapkan pre-award audit berhasil menghemat anggaran Negara dengan cukup signifikan. Laporan US Government Accountability Office atas manajemen pengadaan barang/jasa di lingkungan Veterans Affairs Federal Supply Schedule dari tahun 1999 sampai dengan 2004 menunjukkan penghematan besar dari penerapan pre-award audit dibandingkan dengan post-award audit. Tabel 1 menunjukkan hasil penghematan yang bisa dilakukan melalui audit pre award dan audit post award dalam proses pengadaan barang/jasa bidang kesehatan dimana pre award menghasilkan penghematan yang lebih besar dibandingkan dengan post award. Dalam kurun waktu 5 (lima) tahun terakhir penghematan melalui pre award mencapai 62,68 % dari total penghematan yang mencapai $ 240,6 millon. Pengalaman Amerika Serikat menghemat anggaran Negara dari pengadaan barang/jasa melalui penerapan pre award bisa memberikan inspirasi bagi APIP melakukan audit pengadaan barang/jasa dengan pre award. Ketika para auditor hanya terlibat pada akhir proses pengadaan barang/jasa (post award) maka penghematan biaya/anggaran publik sering tidak tercapai. 2. Pembahasan 2.1 Apakah pre-award audit Sesuai dengan pembahasan dalam Forum Komunikasi JFA dan Kepegawaian tahun 2010, preaward audit didefinisikan sebagai audit yang dilaksanakan untuk memberikan keyakinan yang memadai bahwa calon penyedia barang/jasa yang diusulkan oleh panitia pengadaan memiliki kelayakan/kemampuan kerja dan keuangan untuk melaksanakan kontrak serta harga yang ditawarkan adalah wajar dan secara ekonomis menguntungkan negara. Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) mendefinisikan pre-award audit sebagai “an evaluation of a prospective contractor’s capability to perform a proposed contract” (FAR, 2005). USAID dalam Contract Information Bulletin 92-16 menyatakan bahwa “A pre-award audit is a tool that the contracting officer can use to acquire information in order to determine the reasonableness of the offeror's proposed cost or price. The pre-award audit is a detailed analysis of the proposal, and contains information on the basis and method used by the offeror in proposal preparation, and any discrepancies in the way in which the cost or pricing data were used in preparing the proposal. (USAID, 1992). Dari penjelasan di atas maka pre-award audit merupakan audit atas kemampuan calon kontraktor /penawar (offeror) menyelesaikan pekerjaan dan memastikan biaya atau harga yang diajukan dalam penawaran merupakan biaya dan harga yang rasional. Tujuan utama dari pre-award audit antara lain sebagai upaya pencegahan korupsi, kolusi, dan nepotisme dalam proses pengadaan barang/jasa. Disamping tujuan tersebut, pre-award audit juga bertujuan memberikan pendapat (quality assurance) bahwa proses pengadaan barang/jasa telah taat pada peraturan, kemampuan penyedia barang/jasa menyelesaikan pekerjaan , dan kewajaran harga penawaran...

model - Game for Smart
by cicak 0 Comments favorite 114 Viewed Download 0 Times

Model Silabus dan RPP ini mengacu pada buku pelajaran Pemahaman Al-. Qur' an dan Hadis 2 untuk Kelas VIII Madrasah Tsanawiyah tulisan T. Ibrahim dan ...

Cara Pengobatan Dengan Al Quran

Cara Pengobatan Dengan Al Quran. KEUTAMAAN AL-QUR'AN DAN MEMBACANYA Persembahan Kepada setiap orang yang mengarahkan dirinya untuk mencari kebenaran, bertaqwa kepada Allah, dan mengembalikan pemahamannya secara textual pada nash sebagimana yang telah tetapkan oleh para ulama, sebagai orang yang ahli dalam bidang ilmu syara', aqidah dan sebagai spesialisasinya sehingga pemahaman tersebut sesuai dengan standar sayara' yang benar, demi mengantisifasi segala kekurangan dan kerancuan serta melaksanakan perintah Allah Azza Wa Jalla: "Dan kalau mereka menyerahkan kepada Rasul dan ulil amri di antara mereka, tentulah orang-orang yang ingin mengetahui kebenarannya (akan dapat) mengetahuinya dari mereka (Rasul dan ulil amri). Kalau tidaklah karena karunia dan rahmat Allah kepada kamu tentulah kamu mengikut syaitan, kecuali sebagian kecil saja (di antara kamu)."1 Kepada setiap orang yang memahami dengan baik apa yang terkandung di dalam buku ini; bukan seperti orang yang dikatakan oleh AlTaqiyyus Subky rahimahullah dalam kitabnya (Qoidah Fil Jarhi Wat Ta'dil, hal. 93) ia berkata: "Aku melihat banyak orang yang mendengar sebuah perkataan namun memahaminya bukan seperti apa yang dimaksudkan, sehingga merubah isi kitab, maksud pengarang, sebagai orang yang bergelut dan mengamalkan isi kitab tersebut. Padahal, sang penulis tidak menghendaki pemahaman yang disimpulkan oleh sang pendengar tersebut".

Why do Muslims Believe that Muhammad

The final messenger sent to mankind was a man born in Makkah named Muhammad ibn ‘Abdillaah (). Although many Westerners generally accept that the likes of Abraham (), Moses () and Jesus () were prophets of God, they have trouble accepting that Muhammad () was a prophet of God too. This has very much to do with the fact that their ancestors did not accept the message of the final prophet, and consequently, they do not regard him as being a prophet of God either. This fact is clearly reflected in the books of Western academics, as well as the mainstream Western media. It is not uncommon to hear Prophet Muhammad () being referred to as the “Founder of Islam,” 1 or more overtly, as “the prophet Muhammad, who authored the Quran.” 2 If it can be proven that the Prophet Muhammad () was an impostor who falsely claimed to be receiving divine revelation, the whole message of Islaam becomes invalidated. Once it can be agreed upon that the author of the Qur’aan “can be taken to be Muhammad himself,” 3 it becomes easy to dismiss the religion of Islaam as being solely a man‐made religious tradition from the past that is better left ignored.

How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah by Shaikh Muhammad As Salih Al-Uthaimeen

One follows the Prophet's example, in words and deeds. This cannot be accomplished except by gaining knowledge of the Sunnah. Forms of Pilgrimage There are three forms of Hajj: Tamattu'- Ifraad - Qiran Tamattu': A pilgrim wears Ihram for Umrah only during the months of Hajj, which means when a pilgrim reaches Makkah, he/she makes Tawaf and Sa'yi for Umrah. Then shaves or clips the hair. On the day of Tarwiya, which is the eighth of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim puts on his Ihram for Hajj only and carries out all of its requirements. Ifraad: A pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj only. When he reaches Makkah, he performs Tawaf for his arrival and Sa'yi for Hajj. He doesn't shave or clip- his hair as he doesn't disengage from Ihram. Instead, he remains in Ihram till after he stones Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day. It is permissible for him to postpone his Sa'yi for Hajj until after his Tawaf for Hajj. Qiran: A pilgrim wears Ihram for both Umrah and Hajj or he wears Ihram first for Umrah, then makes intentions for Hajj before his Tawaf for Hajj. The obligations on one performing Ifraad are the same as those on one performing Qiran, except that the latter must slaughter whereas the former is not obligated to do so. The best of the three forms is Tamattu'. It is the form that the prophet-may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him encouraged his followers to perform

SHARIAH FRAMEWORK OF TAKAFUL
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Islamic insurance as the name implies, is insurance that is "Islamic" i.e. it conforms to Islamic law (shariah). Insurance that conforms to shariah or shariah compliant must necessarily follow the sources of shariah. The four fundamental sources of shariah are the Quran, Sunnah (traditions of the Prophet Muhammad), Ijmac (consensus) and Qiyas (analogy) respectively. In other words should there be a problem, one must look to the Quran first for the solution. If there exists a rule, then it is taken. If not, one then searches the Sunnah. Both the Quran and the Sunnah are divinely inspired. If no ruling is found in the Quran or the Sunnah, the ijmac of the imam mujtahids (those who do ijtihad) is referred to. If there is none, then one does ijtihad (independent judgement) to come up with a ruling based on qiyas (individual reasoning based on analogy). However, it should be noted that qiyas must meet the following conditions : 1. That it must be resorted only in the absence of the applicable text of the shariah 2. That in no way should it contravene the shariah and 3. That the course of reasoning should not become entangled in any kind of sophistry or complication of expression which might affect the people’s direct attachment to the shariah or distort its brilliant clarity. The basis for using the four sources is the Quranic verse, "O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Prophet (Muhammad SAW), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority (ulil amri). (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Prophet (SAW), if you believe in

The Holy Prophet Muhammad
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In the Name of Allah (God) Almighty, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful. Countless Choicest Blessings & Salutations on His Chosen & Beloved Messenger & Prophet Muhammad y & upon The Noble Family & Companions & Pure Wives & Daughters of The Holy Prophet Muhammad ... The Islamic tradition teaches that all of humanity came from a single soul [The Holy Quran, 4:1] and that at the spiritual level, men and women are equal and committed partners to one another in the Path to God. This revolutionary message was brought to the world in a 7th century CE Arabia which was steeped in the depths of oppression and shackles of abuse, especially of women. It was a time when baby girls were buried alive, and women were considered chattels with no rights of inheritance or divorce.

If You Love Allah, Then Follow Muhammad

This is especially the case among the Muslims who live in the West, except that there is good news even here. Throughout the Muslim World, and also in the West, there are numerous Muslims who strive hard to seek knowledge in Islam and to practice as much of it as they possibly can. And because Allah, the Quran, the Prophetic Sunnah, Islam and Muslims have come under continuous onslaught by the enemies of Islam, many Muslims also strive hard to respond to these attacks with knowledge and evidence, having full faith in Muhammad, salla-llahu `alaihi wa-sallam, and believing in everything he came with from Allah. Consequently, a number of Islamic websites were started in recent years to explain Islam and defend its sacred tenets and values without corruption or personal interpretation. However, a number of ‘Islamic’ websites were also started to propagate personal interpretations on the Quran and Sunnah, regardless of what the Quran and Sunnah state, and to spread old extremism and sectarian ideas under new slogans. The danger posed in these so-called ‘Islamic’ websites is that they

Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be ...

Festivals of Muslims are only those celebrations which are permitted by Islamic Sharee’ah, this is because when the Prophet of Allaah (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) came to Madeenah he abolished the festivals of Jahiliyyah and replaced them with Islamic festivals. Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported that: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to Madeenah and the people had two days when they would play and have fun. He said, ‘What are these two days?’ They said, ‘We used to play and have fun on these days during the Jaahiliyyah. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘Allaah has given you something better than them, the day of Adhaa and the day of Fitr.’” (Sunan Abi Dawood, 1134) Hence the celebrations of Jahiliyyah were stopped and not repeated anymore. For any other celebrations or festivals to be permitted for Muslims, it is essential that there is a proof for that from the book of Allaah or Sunnah of his Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be upon

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