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Direct-Drive Solar Refrigerator - Sundanzer.com

Direct-Drive Solar Refrigerator Avoid battery and charge controller costs with SunDanzer TM Direct-Drive solar refrigerators. These high efficiency refrigerators are made for direct connection to your solar panel, eliminating the need for expensive deep-cycle batteries, charge controllers, and battery maintenance. As a stand-alone application, the direct-drive solution can provide reliable refrigeration at greatly reduced cost for non-perishable goods. In addition, SunDanzer offers an optional, low-cost thermal storage package for more temperature sensitive storage. These consist of 1.5" thick ice packs custom made to conform to the sidewalls of the chest refrigerator, allowing cool temperatures to be maintained for up to four days without power. SunDanzer is proud to be the first to manufacture a battery-free solar refrigerator designed for the off-grid user. You can expect the same reliable, exacting standards that have made SunDanzer the leading maker of solar refrigerators. How it works: High quality construction provides excellent reliability and long life. Super-insulated chest-style cabinets feature over 4 inches of polyurethane insulation with powdered-coated galvanized steel exterior and aluminum interior. A zero maintenance, brushless, thermostatically controlled DC compressor with a built in soft start function operates on 12 VDC and connects directly to your solar PV system. A patented low-frost system reduces frost and moisture build-up for low maintenance of the unit. Rugged, custom-made high-density polyethylene ice packs store up to 80 lbs. of thermal storage for up to four days of holdover time...

Jaroslav Vanek - Software with a Relational Foundation

Above: Steven Vanek with his machine which uses solar thermal energy to make ice. Everywhere in our world, refrigeration is a major energy user. In poor areas, “offgrid” refrigeration is a critically important need. Both of these considerations point the way toward refrigeration using renewable energy, as part of a sustainable way of life. Solar-powered refrigeration is a real and exciting possibility. Working with the S.T.E.V.E.N. Foundation (Solar Technology and Energy for Vital Economic Needs), we developed a simple ice making system using ammonia as a refrigerant. A prototype of this system is currently operating at SIFAT (Servants in Faith and Technology), a leadership and technology training center in Lineville, Alabama. An icemaker like this could be used to refrigerate vaccines, meat, dairy products, or vegetables. We hope this refrigeration system will be a cost-effective way to address the worldwide need for refrigeration. This icemaker uses free solar energy, few moving parts, and no batteries! Types of Refrigeration Refrigeration may seem complicated, but it can be reduced to a simple strategy: By some means, coax a refrigerant, a material that evaporates and boils at a low temperature, into a pure liquid state. Then, let’s say you need some cold (thermodynamics would say you need to absorb some heat). Letting the refrigerant evaporate absorbs heat, just as your evaporating sweat absorbs body heat on a hot summer day. Since refrigerants boil at a low temperature, they continue to evaporate profusely — thus refrigerating — even when the milk or vaccines or whatever is already cool. That’s all there is to it. The rest is details. One of these details is how the liquid refrigerant is produced. Mechanically driven refrigerators, such as typical electric kitchen fridges, use a compressor to force the refrigerant freon into a liquid state. Heat-driven refrigerators, like propane-fueled units and our icemaker, boil the refrigerant out of an absorbent material and condense the gaseous refrigerant to a liquid. This is called generation, and it’s very similar to This process can be clarified using an analogy: it is like The plumbing of the icemaker can be divided into three squeezing out a sponge (the absorbent material) parts: a generator for heating the salt-ammonia mixture, soaked with the refrigerant. Instead of actually a condenser coil, and an evaporator, where distilled squeezing the sponge, heat is used. Then, when the ammonia collects during generation. Ammonia flows sponge cools and becomes “thirsty” again, it reabsorbs back and forth between the generator and evaporator...

photovoltaic direct-drive, battery-free solar refrigerator - International ...

PHOTOVOLTAIC DIRECT-DRIVE, BATTERY-FREE SOLAR REFRIGERATOR FIELD TEST RESULTS This paper describes the results of laboratory and field testing conducted on photovoltaic (PV) direct-drive solar refrigerators using ice thermal storage. SunDanze Refrigeration, Inc.1 developed these battery-free solar refrigerators based on technology developed at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Early production units have been deployed and studied in Texas, Alabama, New Mexico, Mexico, South Africa and Guatemala. These units have a 105 liter capacity and use 80 to 180 watts of PV panels, depending on the location. NASA grants to New Mexico State University and Texas Southern University allowed students and faculty at these institutions to carry out demonstration and evaluation of the technology in a realistic field setting. This technology represents a significant evolution for PV refrigeration by displacing the need for batteries and an inverter. The photovoltaic direct-drive or “PV direct” solar refrigerator uses thermal storage, and a direct connection is made between the vapor compression cooling system and the PV panel. This is accomplished by integrating a phasechange material into a well-insulated refrigerator cabinet and by developing a microprocessor-based control system that allows direct connection of a PV panel to a variablespeed DC compressor. This allows for peak power-point tracking and elimination of batteries. At New Mexico State University, the PV direct, battery-free refrigerators are being evaluated under a variety of conditions, and initial results are presented. Several other units have been sent to remote areas for field testing. At Texas Southern University, one of the battery-free refrigerators was evaluated on campus in Houston and incorporated into a renewable energy curriculum. Another unit was deployed into a private off-grid home in South Africa. A larger battery-free solar refrigerator is also under evaluation at the university. Two other units have operated for over 2 years. The original prototype is at NASA in Houston, TX and another unit has been in use in a store run by Servants in Faith and Technology in Lineville, AL. This new direct drive approach with ice storage may revolutionize refrigeration in remote regions around the world. This paper evaluates the performance of the innovative refrigeration system and discusses system benefits and lessons learned...

First solar direct-drive refrigerator receives WHO prequalification - Path

First solar direct-drive refrigerator receives WHO prequalification, SolarChill Project, and Steve McCarney, PATH, the World Health Organization (WHO) prequalified its first solar direct-drive vaccine refrigerator (Vestfrost model MKSO44). Ten years in the making, the SolarChill vaccine cooler operates with a compressor powered directly from sunlight. Instead of storing electrical energy in a battery, the refrigerator stores thermal energy in ice, and a thermostat maintains the temperature between the required 2º to 8ºC for vaccine storage. In low-sun situations or when power is completely disrupted, the insulated “ice battery” maintains acceptable temperatures for up to five days. An intelligent fan enhances the convection circulation of the cold air and is operated by a small rechargeable battery, which is recharged by solar power. The current generation of SolarChill is prequalified for 20º to 32ºC ambient temperatures. However, in field tests the units have operated under lower and higher ambient temperatures ranges of 10º to 42ºC.The direct current compressor and “ice battery” design makes SolarChill a groundbreaking technology.The lead batteries used in most solar refrigerators are expensive, short-lived (especially in hot climates),toxic to produce, and difficult to properly dispose of in remote regions. They represent a major obstacle to the uptake of solar technology in developing countries. A recent survey of solar-powered vaccine refrigerator performance found that over 60% of equipment failures are related to battery systems (McCarney, unpublished data, 2010). It is not a question of if a battery will fail, rather when. Batteries can fail due to improper design, poor installation, over use of the refrigerator, lack of maintenance, and delay of repairs. Programs relying on batteries must plan for and fund the inevitable repair and replacement costs of batteries. First to meet the solar challenge Project Optimize is taking action to improve the success of all solar-powered vaccine refrigeration. Efforts include documenting criteria for successful solar programs, reducing the need for active refrigeration, increasing battery life, and replacing batteries with thermal energy storage. In 2008 Project Optimize leveled a challenge at industry to develop direct-drive solar vaccine refrigerators. Five proposals were received, and three were awarded support for WHO prequalification test costs including the Vestfrost SolarChill. To prequalify the technology, WHO established two new categories for refrigerators in its performance, quality, and safety (PQS) standards. Project Optimize has actively supported the development of both the WHO PQS E03 RF05.2 for battery-free solar direct-drive refrigerators or combined refrigerator/icepack freezers and the WHO PQS E03 RF06.1 for solar direct-drive refrigerators or combined refrigerator/ icepack freezers that require a small ancillary rechargeable battery for control purposes. The SolarChill (19.5 liter capacity) is the first to fit the latter category. Technology that does not heat the planet For the SolarChill partnership, which was launched in 2001, gaining WHO prequalification marks a significant milestone in the effort to produce an environmentally friendly, battery-free, affordable solar refrigerator. Prior to the establishment of the new PQS categories, all prequalified WHO refrigerators using compressors included hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs) as refrigerants...

Experimental Lift Kit Test Program - Metalnerd

This form is ©2010 Charles Meglio LLC and is not to be used for any purpose other than that described herein. Metalnerd® is a registered trademark of Charles Meglio, LLC Lift Kit Gamma Test Program Waiver/Agreement 8/19/10 Introduction: Charles Meglio LLC, the manufacturer of Metalnerd® Brand aftermarket automotive tools and components, has developed a lift kit for MK-IV chassis ONLY; Golf from mid 1999 to 2006 (not Rabbit), Jetta from mid 1999-mid 2005, New Beetle® from model year 1998 to 2009. The purpose of a lift kit is to increase the body height of the vehicle and minimize the risk of oil pan/engine damage from road hazards. Numerous reports of oil pan damage have been associated with the stock chassis when driven over frost heaves and other pavement defects. The lift kits are not compatible with vehicles with Electronic Stability Program (ESP) systems. Charles Meglio LLC, the manufacturer of these specialty components, is not affiliated with or endorsed by Volkswagen® of America, Volkswagen® AG. Golf®, Jetta®, Passat®, New Beetle®, and VW® are registered trademarks of Volkswagen® of America or Volkswagen® AG. In all cases, the use of these words is for descriptive purposes only. Nondisclosure: The shape and function of the lift kit components are proprietary to Charles Meglio LLC and its affiliates. Under no circumstances, shall this intellectual property be photographed, posted on the internet or otherwise published or disclosed to others. No participants of the Gamma test program may copy, modify, replicate or manufacture the components of the lift kit. All negative performance feedback is confidential and is to be shared only with the Installer and Charles Meglio LLC [(412) 601-4271 or charlesmeglio@comcast.net] Test Program: Charles Meglio LLC has manufactured a number of lift kits for Gamma test purposes. These kit components are offered to participating Vehicle Owners before mass manufacture, in exchange for alignment and performance data. Charles Meglio LLC, reserves the right to recall the kit components in the event of quality or performance problems. The Vehicle Owner must comply with the recall and return the components to Charles Meglio LLC within 30 calendar days of written or verbal notification. The Vehicle Owner shall bear all costs of uninstallation in the event of a recall. The Vehicle Owner must maintain contact with Charles Meglio LLC and the Installer by keeping phone number and address information current via direct notification of changes. Phone (412) 601-4271 and fax (724) 850-9116. Considerations for the Vehicle Owner: The use of the lift kit components may void your vehicle warranty. The lift kits are not compatible with vehicles with Electronic Stability Program (ESP) systems. The use of the lift kit will raise the center of gravity of the vehicle and therefore may affect handling. Failure of the lift kit components or the associated factory components may result in vehicle instability and/or control problems with the vehicle. Charles Meglio LLC does not warrant the lift kit components for performance, safety or fitness for use. The Vehicle Owner assumes all risk associated with the use of this product. The lift kit raises the body above the hub/axle plane. The lift kit does not raise the hub/axle plane itself. The lift kit does not increase the rear axle-beam-to-ground clearance appreciably; the body is raised above the axle beam. Installation/Warranty Considerations: On 2” lift kit versions, the rear shock extension requires the drilling of one hole for an M8 bolt (11/32” diameter or 8.5 mm) for each rear shock (2 holes total). The 1” kit does not require rear shock extension. The lift kit will contain basic kit component installation instructions. Technicians familiar with VW® suspensions should have no trouble utilizing the instructions provided. The kit will not come with all the necessary special tools (Spring compressor, strut clamp spreader) for kit installation...

A9900320 Rocket 3 Touring Master Cylinder Cover Kit EN.fm

Fitting Instructions: Rocket III Touring Chrome Master Cylinder Cover Kit - A9738069 Thank you for choosing this Triumph genuine accessory kit. This accessory kit is the product of Triumph's use of proven engineering, exhaustive testing, and continuous striving for superior reliability, safety and performance.Completely read all of these instructions before commencing the installation of the accessory kit in order to become thoroughly familiar with the kit’s features and the installation process.These instructions should be considered a permanent part of your accessory kit, and should remain with it even if your accessory equipped motorcycle is subsequently sold. This accessory kit is designed for use on Triumph Rocket III Touring motorcycles only and should not be fitted to any other Triumph model or to any other manufacturers motorcycle. Fitting this accessory kit to any other Triumph model, or to any other manufacturers motorcycle, may interfere with the rider and could affect the handling, stability or other aspects of the motorcycles operation which may result in loss of motorcycle control and an accident. Always have Triumph approved parts, accessories and conversions fitted by a trained technician of an authorized Triumph dealer. The fitment of parts, accessories and conversions by a technician who is not of an authorised Triumph dealer may affect the handling, stability or other aspects of the motorcycles operation which may result in loss of motorcycle control and an accident. Throughout this operation, ensure that the motorcycle is stabilised and adequately supported to prevent risk of injury from the motorcycle falling. A torque wrench of known accurate calibration must be used when fitting this accessory kit. Failure to tighten any of the fasteners to the correct torque specification may result in loss of motorcycle control and an accident. Remove the right hand side mirror, retain the mirror and fixings for reuse. Loosen, alternately, the master cylinder reservoir cap fixings. Remove the fixings and retain if the motorcycle is to be returned to its original condition. Do not remove the master cylinder cap. Remove the original tolerance ring from the mirror mounting point and discard. Fit the two stand-offs to the original master cylinder cap fixing points. Tighten to 2 Nm. Failure to follow the correct mirror fitting procedure will cause the mirror to work loose and could allow movement of the mirror assembly when riding the motorcycle. This may result in loss of motorcycle control and an accident. Fit the mirror fitting tool onto the mirror fixing screw, ensure the recess in the fitting tool is positioned at the top as shown...

Suzuki M109 Scorpion Tips - PDF - RAW Design

Thank you for purchasing the RAW Design Scorpion Tips for your Suzuki M-109R. The instructional sheets that follow are thoroughly detailed and should be studied BEFORE picking up a tool. Take your time, work safe and you will enjoy your new exhaust within a few hours. These are the tools you will need: Safety Glasses Saftey Gloves - Ear Plugs - Grinder with cutoff wheel and / or Sawzall with fine blade - Plastic or rubber mallet - Metric Allen Key Set - Metric Box Wrench set - Metric Socket set with assorted extensions, swivels, etc. - Cut off pliers - Screw Drivers - Drill Motor with 1/8” bit Remove Seat Remove Snap pin from cover. Use a pencil point or something similar to depress center of pin during removal. This is the pin. Don’t lose it. Remove Allen bolt from lower side cover Gently remove plastic side cover and panel. This will pull off with firm pressure. Remove 2 Allen bolts from chrome SET (Synchronized Exhaust Tuning) valve cover...

Installation instructions for FC7 Forward Controls for Kawasaki ...

Installation instructions for FC7 Forward Controls for Kawasaki Vulcan Classic 800 VN800B and Custom VN800A It is highly recommended that you use a thread lock compound such as Loctite 248 Threadlocker Stick on all threads to keep them from vibrating loose. Please read these instructions entirely before starting. This picture shows the components of the FC7. Parts will be referred to by the names & numbers shown here. If you are missing anything please email sales@refinedcycle.com. If you are also installing the PDL4 Pedal Kit, please refer to the PDL4 Installation instructions. Brake side Loosen the brake cable retaining clip on the bottom of the frame, under the exhaust pipe.Loosen the brake rod adjusting nut to allow slack in the brake line. See picture A. Cut the wire ties holding the brake switch wire to the frame, and work a little slack loose. Remove the two bolts holding the foot rest bracket to the frame and tilt the entire assembly out toward you to allow access to the inside. See picture B. Remove the cotter pin, washer and clevis pin from the end of the brake cable attached to the brake arm. Slide the rubber end off of the brake cable. While holding the brake cable with your left hand pull the foot rest bracket forward with your right hand to line up internal wire of the brake cable with the slot in the brake cable mount and remove the cable. Use needle nose pliers to remove the spring from the brake light switch. Use a small screw driver to push in the tabs of the brake light switch and work it out of its mount. Remove the pedal return spring from the brake arm, then remove the bolt holding the arm and slide it off of the brake pedal spline. Remove the brake pedal. Attach the Brake Cable Mount (Part #7) to the FC7-R (Part #9) with a 3/8-16x1.25” Button Head Cap Screw (Part #5) and a finger tightened 3/8” Nut (Part #3) as shown in picture C. Reinstall the brake cable into the Brake Cable Mount on the FC7-R, in the same manner that it was removed from the old mount. Insert an M10-1.25x70 Socket Head Cap Screw (Part #2) into the lower, rear hole of the FC7-R, then through the Brake Cable Mount and into a 1.5” Spacer (Part #14), and thread just a few turns into the frame. Insert an M10-1.25x70 Socket Head Cap Screw into the middle hole of the FC7-R, then through a 3/8” Zinc Washer (Part #15) and into a 1.5” Spacer, and tighten both front and back mounting bolts.Attach a foot peg to the front hole of the FC7-R.Attach the Brake Linkage (Part #11) to the brake cable using the clevis pin, washer and cotter pin previously removed. Connect one end of the pedal return spring to the Brake Linkage and connect the other end to the 3/8” Button Head Cap Screw used previously to attach the Brake Cable Mount. Secure the spring with another 3/8” Nut but only finger tighten at this time. See picture D...

AIR HORNS FOR HARLEY-DAVIDSON ... - eGlideGoodies

AIR HORNS FOR HARLEY-DAVIDSON INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS WIRE LOOM AND HORNS Remove the stock horn and bracket from the stud it is mounted to and unplug the 2 wires. Remove the seat.Route the end of the wire and hose loom without the connectors. Starting in front of the fuel valve, route this loom behind the valve, over the fuel line over the rear cylinder head along the existing wiring or hoses - if your model has any. Follow the frame to where the back bone and seat support rails come together. Route the loom up into the general area where the compressor will mount (i.e. see diagram). Attach the hose to the 'Y' connector on the horns themselves. Attach the two black wires from the loom to the relay terminals #87 and #30, located between the air horns behind chrome cover. Attach the wires from the original horn to the remaining terminals #85 and #86 (NOTE: it makes no difference which wire goes to which terminal). Attach the relay to the back of the horn bracket assembly or up under the fuel tank using the small cable tie provided. NOTE: the terminals must point downward to prevent water from entering the relay! Install the horn assembly using the 1/4" thick chrome washer provided behind the horn mounting bracket. Use the original acorn nut and tighten securely. Check to see that the horns have at least 1/4" clearance between the engine, shift linkage and choke knob. They should be horizontal or angle down at the front just slightly. Take any slack out of the loom, keeping it up against the frame and away from the engine or exhaust, using several of the small cable ties provided. Due to the vast differences in years and models, it is not possible to have one or two brackets that will fit all models. You may need to mount the compressor in a different position or find an alternative location, such as under one of the side covers. On 2001 and newer Tour models there is room in front of the battery to mount it horizontally. On 1997-2000 fuel injected models, under the front portion of the right hand side cover is an excellent location. On most Softtail models you can attach it to the frame tube behind the rear cylinder. On some models such as Sportsters there may not be a place to conceal the compressor; there is a chrome cover and cap available to dress it up for exposed mounting. (RIVCO part no #CMPCR) If mounting the compressor vertically as pictured, try to keep the end with the electrical terminals pointing downward. You can use the long cable ties provided to attach the compressor to the frame or an existing wiring loom...

harley davidson motorcycle equipment installation manual

harley davidson motorcycle equipment installation manual (All mounting systems included in this manual were designed specifically for the Electra-Glide Model Harley Davidson Motorcycle. A current 2008 model year bike was used for development) 1. Install the wiring terminations provided within the LED assembly. 2. Place retainer ring against back of LED housing with flat notch facing down to match up with clamshell on trim ring 3. Place trim ring over front of LED light and fully seat against flange of LED assembly. 4. Rotate LED assembly so that TOP indicated on LED lens is actually at the 12:00 O’clock position on the bike, 5. Place the LED housing, trim ring and retainer onto light housing of bike. 6. Slide trim ring over retainer and into groove on light housing. 7. Tighten clamshell screw at bottom of LED light housing. Front Lighting Options Supervisor light bar 1. Remove two outboard windshield screws from front faring on bike. 2. Loosen center screw from front faring on bike. 3. Slide windscreen up and remove from front faring. (handle with care so not to scratch windscreen). 4. Loosely install two T56324 mounting brackets onto Supervisor outboard slots (threaded studs pointing upward & toward driver) 5. Slide center mounting bracket T56338 over center boss on faring with stud facing up and toward driver. 6. Place Supervisor so the center slot aligns with the center mounting bracket. 7. Feed outboard brackets down into windshield slot and over screw bosses (be sure bracket is around boss on faring.) 8. Tighten nylon locking nuts on end brackets (working both sides simultaneously) 9. Tighten center nylon nut on light bar base. 10. Slide windscreen down over center screw on faring, then feed each end of windscreen down over outboard bosses on faring. 11. Place two outboard faring screws back into faring bosses. (make sure to align screws with brass inserts within faring boss)...

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