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This paper examines the complex, often misunderstood, relationship between al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the various militant groups found in FATA (the Federally Administered Tribal Areas) in Pakistan, including the TTP (Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan). Much of what is commonly assumed about the Taliban, the TTP and al-Qaeda is based on misinformation, misunderstanding or a misrepresentation of historical events. The Taliban and alQaeda can in many ways be seen as sharing common values, although their ultimate goals remain very different. The Taliban were not part of the mujahedeen fighting against the Soviets in Afghanistan, and emerged only in 1994. Al-Qaeda, for all the conspiracy, did not receive money from the CIA during the 1980s, and was only officially formed as an organisation in 1988. The creation of the TTP in 2007 is another matter, and was created as an umbrella organisation for various Pakistani militant groups, and maintains close ties with al-Qaeda. However, the Pakistani Taliban is not the same Taliban as the one formed in 1994, and although it swears its loyalty to Mullah Omar, its goals differ from that of the Afghani Taliban. We can speak of al-Qaeda and the Taliban in two broad strokes – pre 9/11 and post 9/11. The attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon (as well as the failed attack on Washington DC with the hijacked flight 93), was the culmination of al-Qaeda as a tightly knit, hierarchical organisation. The subsequent “War on Terror” and the invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 destroyed much of its organisational capacity; it also left the Taliban severely weakened. However, they both regrouped in the FATA region over a period of years, and al-Qaeda spread its ideology throughout northern Pakistan, coalescing with militant groups and local warlords. Before 9/11, al-Qaeda and the Taliban were very much two different organisations; today, it is not so simple, and in 2010, General David Petreus claimed that there is “a symbiotic relationship between all of these different organizations: al-Qaeda, the Pakistani Taliban, the Afghan Taliban ... They support each other, they coordinate with each other, sometimes they compete with each other, [and] sometimes they even fight each other.” (cfr, 2010, http://www.cfr.org).
In 2007, the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) emerged after the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) aligned itself with Al-Qaeda. This development captured the world’s attention and led several scholars and policymakers to ask the question: Why did this merger take place and what does it say about the motivations of GSPC? This research investigates three hypotheses: (1) This merger is merely an ideological one without operational implications; (2) this merger is ideological, operational, and logistical; or (3) this merger is merely a rebranding of a failing organization that needed to survive and, therefore, is not a genuine threat to the United States and its European allies. Exploring the evolution of Algerian Islamism, from the rise of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) and the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) to the GSPC and AQIM, this study concludes that hypothesis 3 is the best explanation of the merger between GSPC and Al-Qaeda. Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington DC 20503.
W elcome to Banfield Pet Hospital’s State of Pet Health 2012 Report—the only report of its kind to capture and analyze the medical data from more than 2 million dogs and nearly 430,000 cats. As the largest veterinary practice in the world, Banfield operates more than 800 hospitals in 43 states, and more than 13,000 associates—including 2,600 licensed veterinarians—work at Banfield. As such, Banfield has a unique understanding of the health of companion animals. Through our extensive commitment to innovation, our practice has created this ground-breaking report, now in its second year. Our commitment to ongoing preventive care and early disease diagnosis was the driving force behind our focus on the chronic diseases and conditions highlighted in this year’s report, including: overweight and obesity, arthritis, kidney disease, thyroid disease and heart disease. Over the past five years, many chronic conditions have continued to increase, in some instances, at an alarming rate. In this report, the overweight and obesity findings are some of the most concerning—since 2007, overweight and obesity have increased by 37 percent in dogs and 90 percent in cats. When pets are diagnosed as overweight, their waistline is not the only concern; the condition is associated with other serious diseases such as arthritis, diabetes mellitus, heart disease and hypothyroidism.
The Kangal Dog Health and Pedigree Database (KDCA P&H Database) is a project of the Kangal Dog Club of America. The purpose of the Database is to carefully develop and make available to contributors a comprehensive Kangal Dog database on dog lineages and health records to aid in the protection and development of our cherished breed. The project seeks to recruit information on all documented pure bred Kangal Dogs, regardless of registration, from around the world, and to make it available for protecting and developing the Kangal Dog to those involved in its husbandry. Database operations are guided by the KDCA Kangal Dog Health and Pedigree Database Policy, Version 2007. Data integrity, participant privacy rights, and data access are fundamental issues that are addressed in the Policy and are of paramount concern for this project. Data Form Instructions Please complete the form as fully as possible with the best available information. The only information required is page 1 and all entries must submit a fully completed and signed copy of this page in order to be accepted. Attach the requested or required documentation information as indicated. Please attach a copy of your dog’s official pedigree if it is registered and also include any extended pedigree information that you can. If your dog is not registered, please include as complete a lineage as you can and as much documentation for this lineage as is available.
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Wer muss Bücher führen? Wie in Deutschland besteht in Spanien für alle Kaufleute (comerciantes) die Pflicht, über ihre Geschäftstätigkeit Bücher nach kaufmännischen Grundsätzen zu führen. Zu den Kaufleuten zählen auch die Handelsgesellschaften (sociedades mercantiles), also insbesondere die spanische GmbH (sociedad de responsabilidad limitada bzw. S.L. oder S.R.L.) sowie die spanische Aktiengesellschaft (socieda anónima bzw. S.A.). Rechtsgrundlagen Die maßgeblichen Vorschriften für die Buchführung und Rechnungslegung finden sich im spanischen Handelsgesetzbuch (código de comercio bzw. CCom), spanischen Aktiengesetz (ley de sociedades anónimas bzw. LSA) sowie im allgemeinen Kontenplan (plan general de contabilidad bzw. PGC). Die Rechnungslegungsvorschriften des Aktiengesetzes gelten aufgrund gesetzlicher Verweisung auch für andere Unternehmensformen, so etwa für die spanische GmbH. Die Regelungen beruhen weitgehend auf europäischen Vorgaben und unterscheiden sich daher nicht wesentlich von den entsprechenden deutschen Vorschriften. Die im LSA und CCom niedergelegten Rechnungslegungsprinzipien werden durch den allgemeinen Kontenplan verbindlich konkretisiert (real decreto 1514/2007). Daneben existiert ein vereinfachter Kontenplan (real decreto 1515/2007) für kleine und mittlere Unternehmen. Hinweise zur Handhabung des PGC finden sich unter www.plangeneralcontable.com.
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Congratulations and thank you for purchasing the innovative TuneFM from Belkin. This product is designed to play your iPod through your car, home, or portable stereo. Please review this User Manual carefully so that you can be sure to get the most from your iPod, virtually anywhere you go. Package Includes: Plastic Spacer (for use only when your iPod is not in a case) TuneFM for iPod Auto Power Cord Introduction | 01 Car Setup Instructions 1. Turn down your car stereo’s volume. 2. Connect the Belkin TuneFM to your iPod (at the bottom of the iPod). 3. Connect the included Auto Power Cord to your cigarette-lighter outlet in your car and to the bottom of your TuneFM for optional powering and charging in the car. Car Setup Instructions | 02 Using the TuneFM Transmitter The TuneFM transmitter function automatically turns on when the iPod is connected. It automatically turns off when the iPod is removed. 1. Tune your stereo frequency to a channel with a weak broadcast signal. The ideal channel is one that is not broadcasting a radio program, or is doing so weakly. 2. Insert the TuneFM into your iPod. The iPod backlight will turn on and the current transmitter frequency will be displayed on the iPod screen. 3. Press the ▲ or ▼ button on the TuneFM to select the transmission frequency chosen in step 1. The frequency will be visible on the iPod’s screen. Pressing and holding either button will provide faster tuning. 4. After displaying the current frequency for five seconds, the iPod screen will return to the iPod Main Menu. This happens whenever you make changes to the TuneFM’s settings. All settings—including transmission frequency, volume-control setting, and stereo/mono-control settings—are permanently stored in memory at this time. Note: iPod playback will pause momentarily when entering and exiting the TuneFM control menu. Playback will quickly resume.
展示名:欧州航空大混乱！ －アイスランド火山噴火－ アイスランドのエイヤフィヤットラヨークトル氷河で4月14日から続いている火山噴火によって、大量の火山灰 が欧州上空を覆った。飛行機は火山灰によってエンジン停止の可能性があるため飛べず、航空網が寸断さ れ、経済活動・政治活動など様々な部分に影響が及んでいる。 展示期間 平成22年4月20日～ 5月6日 展示本リスト 平成22年4月20日現在 【高知県立図書館所蔵】 書 名 著 者 出版社 出版年 請求記号 配架場所 1 局地風のいろいろ 改訂版 荒川 正一 成山堂書店 2001 451.4 一般 2 世界の風・日本の風 吉野 正敏 成山堂書店 2008 451.4 一般 3 風の気象学 竹内 清秀 東京大学出版 会 1997 451.4 一般 4 偏西風の気象学 田中 博 成山堂書店 2007 451.4 一般 5 再生 吉田 正夫 古今書院 2002 453.8 一般 6 火山のはなし 災害軽減に向けて 下鶴 大輔 朝倉書店 2000 453.8 一般 7 火山大災害 金子 史朗 古今書院 2000 453.8 一般 ディック・トンプソン ／著 地人書館 山越 幸江／訳 2003 453.8 一般 白尾 元理 地人書館 2002 453.8 一般 サイモン・ウィン チェスター／著 柴田 裕之／訳 早川書房 2004 453.8 一般 11 史上最強カラー図解 鈴木真二／監修 ナツメ社 2009 538 ジョブ 12 わかりやすい航空工学入門 橋本 孝明 晃洋書房 2004 538.1 ジョブ 新星出版社 2006 538.6 ジョブ 自然力を知る ピナツボ火山災害地域の環境 8 火山に魅せられた男たち 噴火予知に命がけで挑む科学者の物語 火山とクレーターを旅する 地球ウォッチング 9 紀行 クラカトアの大噴火 世界の歴史を動かした火 10 山 プロが教える飛行機のすべてがわかる本 飛行機のしくみ 最新の機体の構造から操縦 新星出版社編集 部／編 13 システムのしくみまで 14 大空への挑戦 ジェット機編 鳥養 鶴雄 グランプリ出版 2002 538.6 ジョブ 15 飛行機の百科事典
Written by Donald P. Hessenaur As aircraft engine prices continue to rise beyond the reach of most who would like to build and fly their own aircraft, many are turning to alternate power sources. This is not a new phenomenon. From the Wright brothers on, many have designed, built or converted engines to aircraft use. At one time or another engines have been used from automobiles, motorcycles, outboard motors and even snowmobiles, with varying degrees of success or failure. AUTO ENGINE CONVERSIONS Today many automotive engine conversions are appearing on the aviation scene. They are definitely a viable alternative. The automotive engine today is very advanced technically and relatively low in cost when compared to Lycomings and/or Continentals. Unfortunately, automotive engines are designed and optimized for the automobile and not for aircraft. Generally auto engines operate at a much higher RPM. The torsional vibration characteristics of a given engine, connected to a transmission, drive train and wheels, are quite different from that of the same engine, connected to an aircraft propeller. The damping action of the tires on the road and the inertia effects of the mass of the automobile are not even close to the damping/inertia effects of a propeller turning in air.