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SolidWorks Electrical 2013 Launching Project Manager On starting SolidWorks Electrical the Projects Manager will be automatically displayed. Through this interface it is possible to open existing projects, create new projects, delete projects, archive, (zip), unarchive, (unzip), create copies of projects or to change the properties of specific projects. There are two tabs listing projects: • • Recent projects: Projects recently opened in SolidWorks Electrical. All projects: All projects created/held within SolidWorks Electrical. Changing the project language The SolidWorks Electrical interface language can be changed via the “Tools->Interface configuration->Application language”. Select the preferred language from the pull down and restart the program to have the changes implemented. 4 3DS.COM © Dassault Systèmes | Confidential Information | 01/02/2012 ref.: Document_Reference | SolidWorks Electrical can be launched from the desktop shortcut or from the Windows Start, Programs, SolidWorks Electrical, SolidWorks Electrical. Alternatively use the desktop shortcut. Application tabs The number of tabs available is automatically updated by SolidWorks Electrical in order to provide tools that are relevant to the work being carried out, so that on opening a Wiring Diagram a Line Diagram tab will be activated, for example. Before opening a project there are a number of tabs that are available. 1. “File” tab 2. “Library” tab Provides tools to manage all the symbol types within SolidWorks Electrical in addition to manufacturers’ part data, and ERP connection. 3. “Tools” tab This tab includes commands to modify the application settings, chat to others connected to the same server, and set up graphic preferences. 4. “Help” tab The help tab accesses a tutorial, supporting documentation, collects information about your system…. 5 3DS.COM © Dassault Systèmes | Confidential Information | 01/02/2012 ref.: Document_Reference | Provides access to the Projects Manager, Quit the program, archive or unarchive environments, create new drawings…...
SolidWorks Electrical Installing SolidWorks Electrical SolidWorks Electrical installation files are available on DVD-ROM or via download. They provide two distinct software installations: • • SolidWorks Electrical SolidWorks Electrical 3D Please note that regardless of whether a Standalone or Client Server installation type has been selected certain processes will be the same, namely if a new SQL instance is to be installed, or if an existing SQL server has been detected. To reduce the size of the document links have been provided to common procedures. 1. Configuration requirements 1.1. SQL data server SolidWorks Electrical includes SQL Server 2008 Express in the installation; this is used to store of the program intelligence, manufacturers’ parts, library symbol descriptions etc. 1.2. System requirements Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 (x64 only). Memory (minimum): 2GB of RAM, 3GB for Windows Vista. Hard disk (minimum): 3GB free space, (for data, server or standalone) + 200MB for the application. Important note for Microsoft Office 2010 users: The 64 bit version of SolidWorks Electrical is not compatible with Microsoft Office 2010 32 bit, when installed on a 64 bit machine. To run SolidWorks Electrical (64 bit version) with Microsoft Office 2010 you must have the 64 bit version of Microsoft Office 2010 installed. (Please note also: Microsoft Office is not required to run SolidWorks Electrical software.) 1.2.1. SolidWorks Electrical 3D/Professional In order to ensure that you have valid system requirements please refer to the page: www.solidworks.com/SystemRequirements.html 3 3DS.COM © Dassault Systèmes | Confidential Information | 01/02/2012 ref.: Document_Reference | This document details the installation of SolidWorks Electrical in either “Standalone” or “Client Server” modes. SolidWorks Electrical is compatible with SolidWorks version 2013 and higher. 3DS.COM © Dassault Systèmes | Confidential Information | 01/02/2012 ref.: Document_Reference | SolidWorks Electrical 3D does not require SolidWorks Routing, (or Premium), to be purchased separately unless you intend to design piping and tubing. 4 Installation instructions Fundamentals To successfully complete the installation, it is essential that the Windows session is run with full Administrator privileges. The "Standalone" installation allows the user to run the software on a single workstation. The databases will be installed locally and are not shared. The "Client Server" installation allows users to share data (symbols, catalogues…) so that several users can work on the same projects data set. When using the downloaded installation run the "Install_sw-e" file. Running the exe file will unpack the contents and automatically launch the installation. Note that the data should not be installed to a root directory, (C:\ for example). A unique directory should be used to store the data, (C:\SolidWorksElectricalData for example). Additionally the SolidWorks Electrical data should not be installed into the same folder as the SolidWorks data. The Setup program automatically recognizes the operating system language and will switch the installation interface to that language. It also detects the presence of any previously installed SolidWorks Electrical on the computer and adapts the interface accordingly. Agreement/Registration On launching the Setup program, if no existing instance of SolidWorks Electrical is located on your system, you will be prompted to accept to the software license agreement. Check on the Accept check box and click the "Next" button to continue. Enter your contact information, and serial number then click the "Next" button to continue. 5 3DS.COM © Dassault Systèmes | Confidential Information | 01/02/2012 ref.: Document_Reference | The client server installation must be run on the computer identified as the "Server".
Titleblock design in SolidWorks Electrical Drawings (scheme, line diagram, terminal strip, etc.) are created using a copy of the Titleblock file. It is therefore useful to represent all the elements you wish to find in the drawings (logo, graphics, etc.) in the titleblock. The settings (display of the grid, types of lines, styles of texts, etc.) used in the titleblock will automatically be available in the drawing. A titleblock consists of graphics entities (lines, texts, etc.) and attributes allowing the propagation of the data entered in the properties of the elements of the project (book, folder, drawing, etc.). This article will explain how you can use SolidWorks Electrics’s built-in feature “title blocks manager” to customize existing title blocks and make new smart Title Block. Titleblock manager All the titleblocks are stored in a library allowing you to manage existing titleblocks and also to create your own. New: Used to create a new titleblock. Open: Used to open the selected titleblock(s) in the graphical interface in order to modify the SolidWorks Electrical Tips & Tricks graphics and/or the definition of the attributes. DWG import: Used to import a file in AutoCAD format and transform it into a titleblock. Delete: Used to delete the selected titleblock(s). Properties: Used to open the properties of the selected titleblock. Preview: Used to open the selected titleblock in a preview window. Cut / Copy / Paste: Used to duplicate the selected titleblock. List mode / Thumbnails / Configuration: Used to manage the display and display configuration of the titleblocks in the right-hand part of the dialog box. Archive / Unarchive: Used to generate a ZIP file of the selected titleblock(s). Unarchiving allows titleblocks in the archive file to be added to the library. This procedure can be used to exchange titleblocks between two companies for example. Display sub-classes content: Used to activate display of titleblocks stored in the lower levels of the classes. Close the manager when editing titleblock: If this box is checked, the manager closes automatically when you edit a titleblock. Editing a titleblock Whether the titleblock has been imported or created using the Copy/Paste command, you can edit it to make any changes you wish. Select the titleblock you wish to edit in the right- hand part of the titleblocks manager and click on the "Open" icon. The titleblock opens in a graphical interface.
Tutorial http://www.investopedia.com/university/forexmarket/default.asp Thanks for downloading the printable version of this tutorial. As always, we welcome any feedback or suggestions. http://www.investopedia.com/contact.aspx Table of Contents 1) Forex: Introduction 2) Forex: What Is It? 3) Forex: Reading a Quote and Understanding the Jargon 4) Forex: Benefits and Risks 5) Forex: History and Market Participants 6) Forex: Economic Theories and Data 7) Forex: Fundamental Trading Strategies 8) Forex: Technical Analysis 9) Forex: Ready To Trade? 10) Forex: The Conclusion Introduction Foreign exchange (forex or FX for short) is one of the most exciting, fast-paced markets around. Until recently, trading in the forex market had been the domain of large financial institutions, corporations, central banks, hedge funds and extremely wealthy individuals. The emergence of the internet has changed all of this, and now it is possible for average investors to buy and sell currencies easily with the click of a mouse. Daily currency fluctuations are usually very small. Most currency pairs move less than one cent per day, representing a less than 1% change in the value of the currency. This makes foreign exchange one of the least volatile financial markets around. Therefore, many speculators rely on the availability of enormous leverage to increase the value of potential movements. In the forex market, leverage can be as much as 250:1. Higher leverage can be extremely risky, but because of round-the-clock trading and deep liquidity, foreign exchange brokers have been able to make high leverage an industry standard in order to make the movements meaningful for FX traders. (Page 1 of 30) Copyright © 2010, Investopedia.com - All rights reserved. Investopedia.com – the resource for investing and personal finance education. Extreme liquidity and the availability of high leverage have helped to spur the market's rapid growth and made it the ideal place for many traders. Positions can be opened and closed within minutes or can be held for months. Currency prices are based on objective considerations of supply and demand and cannot be manipulated easily because the size of the market does not allow even the largest players, such as central banks, to move prices at will. The forex market provides plenty of opportunity for investors. However, in order to be successful, a currency trader has to understand the basics behind currency movements. The goal of this tutorial is to provide a foundation for investors or traders who are new to the currency markets. We'll cover the basics of foreign exchange, its history and the key concepts you need to understand in order to be able to participate in this market. We'll also venture into how to start trading currencies and the different types of strategies that can be employed. What Is It? The foreign exchange market is the "place" where currencies are traded. Currencies are important to most people around the world, whether they realize it or not, because currencies need to be exchanged in order to conduct foreign trade and business. If you are living in the U.S. and want to buy cheese from France, either you or the company that you buy the cheese from has to pay the French for the cheese in euros (EUR). This means that the U.S. importer would have to exchange the equivalent value of U.S. dollars (USD) into euros. The same goes for traveling. A French tourist in Egypt can't pay in euros to see the pyramids because it's not the locally accepted currency. As such, the tourist has to exchange the euros for the local currency, in this case the Egyptian pound, at the current exchange rate. The need to exchange currencies is the primary reason why the forex market is the largest, most liquid financial market in the world. It dwarfs other markets in size, even the stock market, with an average traded value of around U.S. $2,000 billion per day. (The total volume changes all the time, but as of April 2004, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) reported that the forex market traded U.S. $1,900 billion per day.) One unique aspect of this international market is that there is no central marketplace for currency exchange. Rather, trade is conducted electronically over-the-counter (OTC), which means that all transactions occur via computer networks between traders around the world, rather than on one centralized This tutorial can be found at:
WARNING! If you want lots of theory and complicated strategies, you're in the wrong place. you don't need another classic, boring "learning material". What you need are cutting edge ideas and tools that will help you become a better trader faster. About this e-book We, the creators of the popular “Forex Basics & Secrets in 15 Minutes” bring you a fresh and unique approach to mastering the Forex market. This e-book will help you master the skills of Forex trading in the fastest time possible! And it doesn't matter so much what education and background you have! The results of our program show interesting results - people with no previous ﬁnancial market experience often show better performance than those with the experience! Watch the TV series “Million dollar trader” where this fact is conﬁrmed as well. Long gone are the days when you had to have thousands of dollars to participate in the Forex market. Now you can start trading with as little as $100! You can also forget about spending months and years reading piles of head-wrecking books about economic analysis. We have gathered and ﬁltered the the most functional information and tools that you need to know about Forex trading in order for you to successfully start trading currency and other commodities today! Trading involves risk. Leveraged trading has large potential rewards, but also large potential of risk. Be aware and accept this risk before trading. forex market at a glance Make money even in times of crisis While the stock market and commercial bank deposits are in deep depression during the crisis, Forex proﬁts, because any change in currency can be used to make proﬁt. A falling market is as proﬁtable for Forex trading as a developing one. Work while lying in a hammock All you need to start making money is a computer or a smart phone and an Internet connection. Your work space and goals are up to you! $100 Start with $100 Unlike other ﬁnance markets, Forex doesn’t require big savings for you to take part. You can have signiﬁcant results by starting with just $100 - $200. Easy rules Unlike the stock market with tens of thousands of different shares, Forex works with 8 basic currencies, which are the center of most trades. Moreover, there are signiﬁcantly less factors that inﬂuence currency exchange rates than in the stock market.
AUTO-SCAN FM RADIO KIT MODEL FM-88K ELENCO® 150 Carpenter Avenue Wheeling, IL 60090 (847) 541-3800 Website: www.elenco.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org To see our complete line of Educational Products go to WWW.ELENCO.COM Assembly and Instruction Manual ELENCO ® Copyright © 2011 by ELENCO® All rights reserved. No part of this book shall be reproduced by any means; electronic, photocopying, or otherwise without written permission from the publisher. 753050 PARTS LIST GLOSSARY (Continued) If you are a student, and any parts are missing or damaged, please see instructor or bookstore. If you purchased this kit from a distributor, catalog, etc., please contact ELENCO® (address/phone/e-mail is at the back of this manual) for additional assistance, if needed. DO NOT contact your place of purchase as they will not be able to help you. RF Radio Frequency. Sensitivity The ability of a receiver to pick up low-amplitude signals. Speaker An electronic device that turn electric impulses into sound. Surface-mount Technology RESISTORS Symbol R5 R1 R3 R4 R2 R6/S3 Value Color Code 10Ω 5% 1/4W brown-black-black-gold 680Ω 5% 1/4W blue-gray-brown-gold 5.6kΩ 5% 1/4W green-blue-red-gold 10kΩ 5% 1/4W brown-black-orange-gold 18kΩ 5% 1/4W brown-gray-orange-gold Potentiometer 50kΩ & switch w/ nut & washer Part # 121000 136800 145600 151000 151800 192522 CAPACITORS Qty. r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 r2 r1 r1 r6 r2 r1 r1 r2 Symbol C6 C7 C10 C5 C8 C4 C13 C23 C11, C12 C15 C19 C3, C9, C14, C16, C17, C* C21, C22 C20 C1 C2, C18 Value 33pF 82pF 180pF 220pF 330pF 470pF 680pF 1500pF 3300pF 0.033μF 0.047μF 0.1μF 10μF 22μF 100μF 220μF Description Discap (33) Discap (82) Discap (181 or 180) Discap (221 or 220) Discap (331 or 330) Discap (471 or 470) Discap (681 or 680) Discap (152) Discap (332) Discap (333) Discap (473) Discap (104) Electrolytic radial Electrolytic radial Electrolytic radial Electrolytic radial Part # 213317 218210 221810 222210 223317 224717 226880 231516 233310 243318 244780 251010 271044 272244 281044 282244 COILS Qty. r1 r1 Symbol L2 L1 Value Qty. r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 Symbol D1 D2 D3 U2 U1 Description Coil 4-turn Coil 6-turn Value BB909/BB910 1N4001 Part # 430150 430160 SEMICONDUCTORS LM-386 or identical TDA7088T or identical Description Varactor Semiconductor silicon diode Red LED 3mm Low voltage audio power amplifier FM receiver SM installed on PC board Part # 310909 314001 350003 330386 MISCELLANEOUS Qty. r1 r1 r2 r1 r1 r1 r1 r1 Description Antenna FM PC board w/ installed U1 (TDA7088T) Push button switch 12mm Battery holder Speaker 8Ω Cap push button switch yellow Cap push button switch red Knob pot / switch Qty. r1 r2 r1 r1 r1 r 3” r1 Part # 484005 517038 540005 590096 590102 622001 622007 622050 -1- Description Screw M1.8 x 7.5mm Antenna screw M2 x 5mm Nut M1.8 Socket IC 8-pin Speaker pad Wire 22 ga. solid Solder Lead-free Part # 641100 643148 644210 664008 780128 834012 9LF99 Trimmer A semiconductor component that can be used to amplify signals, or as electronic switches. Varactor A method of using special components that are soldered to the PC board’s surface. A diode optimized to vary its internal capacitance with a change in its reverse bias voltage. Voltage Electrical potential difference measured in volts. An adjustable fine-tuning resistor, capacitor, or inductor of small values. Voltage Regulator A circuit that holds the DC voltage. QUIZ INSTRUCTIONS: Complete the following examination, check your answers carefully. 6. The capacitance of the varactor is determined by . . . r A) the voltage level. r B) the amount of current in the circuit. r C) the signal strength of the RF carrier. r D) the amount of resistance in the circuit. 1. The number of cycles produced per second by a source of sound is called the . . . r A) amplitude. r B) vibration. r C) sound wave. r D) frequency. 7. The ability to select a specific band of frequencies, while rejecting others, is called . . . r A) selectivity. r B) sensitivity. r C) demodulation. r D) none of the above. 2. The frequency of the modulating signal determines the ... r A) number of times the frequency of the carrier changes per second. r B) maximum deviation of the FM carrier. r C) maximum frequency swing of the FM carrier. r D) amount of amplitude change of the FM carrier. 8. The process of mixing two signals to produce a third signal is called . . . r A) filtering. r B) detecting. r C) rectification. r D) heterodyning. 3. The FM broadcast band is . . . r A) 550 – 1,600kHz. r B) 10.7MHz. r C) 88 – 108MHz. r D) 98.7 – 118.7MHz. 9. The circuit designed to supply substantial power output into low impedance load is called . . . r A) power supply. r B) pre-amplifier. r C) power amplifier. r D) detector. 4. The AFC circuit is used to . . . r A) automatically hold the local oscillator on frequency. r B) maintain constant gain in the receiver to prevent such things as fading. r C) prevent amplitude variations of the FM carrier. r D) automatically control the audio frequencies in the receiver. 5. The device most often used for changing the local oscillator frequency with the AFC voltage is a . . . r A) feedthrough capacitor. r B) variable inductor. r C) varactor. r D) trimmer capacitor. 10. The gain of the LM-386 amplifier can be set in range from . . . r A) 1 to 20. r B) 20 to 200. r C) 0 to 200. r D) 50 to 100. Answers: 1. D, 2. A, 3. C, 4. A, 5. C, 6. A, 7. C, 8. D, 9. C, 10. B
An input amplifier for a FM-radio receiver with RF selection (88-108 MHz) has been designed in the radio project. It has about 25 dB gain in the frequency rang 88-108 MHz. Mirror frequency rejection is between 5 dB to 9 dB. Noise figure is about 7 dB at resonant frequency. The amplifier works well, when it is connected to the rest of circuits to receive FM broadcast signals. The input amplifier with RF selection (88-108 MHz) should have low noise, high gain and frequency selection. The specification of the amplifier is as follows:low noise, maximum 2dB more than Fmin gain: Gt ≥ |S21|2 mirror frequency rejection: 20 dB generator impedance: 50Ω load impedance: 50Ω ... In order to fulfill the specification, an appropriate transistor was first chosen and its S-parameters were measured. The input stage has been designed by using a common-emitter amplifier. To compromise between gain and noise, an appropriate operating point is necessary. The amplifier has an inductor tap parallel resonant circuit at its collector to restore the amplifier gain. The frequency of the parallel resonant circuit can be shifted by changing the value of the parallel capacitor. The detail of the project design will be described in chapter 2. Different measurements and results can be found in chapter 3, followed by the conclusion in chapter 4. Chapter 5 is acknowledgement and reference is in chapter 6. In the project, BFR92A transistor is used. It has high power gain, low noise figure and low intermodulation distortion. To compromise between gain and noise, an appropriate operating point should be first considered. From figure 1 (gain as a function of collector current), figure 2 (gain as a function of frequency) and figure 3 (minimum noise figure as a function of frequency), an appropriate operating point was decided. IC = 10mA, VCE = 10V. The values of Fmin and opt for the operating point are not available in the datasheet, but from circles of constant noise figure for other operating points, one can see that Fmin in the project is between 1.7 dB and 2.4 dB.
This lab explores superheterodyne single and dual conversion receiver subsystems for analog and digital modulation. Two VHF (30–300 MHz) FM receivers are considered. The ﬁrst receiver employes a wideband (about 200 kHz) IF subsystem centered at 10.7 MHz, while the second employes a narrowband (about 10 kHz) IF subsystem centered at 455 kHz. The narrowband FM receiver also utilizes dual conversion, with the ﬁrst IF at 10.7 MHz and the second IF at 455 kHz. Both receivers have been constructed using readily available radio frequency integrated circuits (RFICs) from NXP semiconductor1 . The receivers are presently in prototype form, constructed on an RF breadboard. In the future the receivers will be fabricated using a custom PCB. The high sensitivity of these receivers allows the wideband receiver to easily tune in FM broadcast stations and the narrowband receiver to receive the Colorado Springs national weather service (NOAA) station, and lab broadcast frequency shift keyed (FSK) digital modulation. Wideband FM Receiver The block diagram for the wideband receiver is given in Figure 1. The low-noise ampliﬁer (LNA) is not implemented at this time, nor is the front-end bandpass ﬁlter (BPF). A short wire (clip lead) will serve as the antenna in the experiment. The receiver requires and external local oscillator... LO frequency is 160 MHz. With low-side tuning for the LO, this means that carrier frequencies up 160 + 10.7 = 170.7 MHz can down-converted. The doubler is a passive circuit from Minicircuits2 , which in simple terms acts as a full-wave rectiﬁer, which has a strong second harmonic component. The mixer output is processed with a multistage IF ampliﬁer, with the 10.7 MHz IF passband shaping formed using ceramic ﬁlters. The nominal bandwidth of each ﬁlter is 280 kHz. Note from the schematic of Figure 2, the ceramic ﬁlters are external to the NXP SA636 RFIC. The ﬁnal stage 10.7 MHz IF BPF SFE10.7 An RF receiver needs to have high gain in order process weak signals arriving from a transmitter located many miles away. High gain over a wide bandwidth is hard to manage from a stability standpoint. Sensitive radio receivers also need to be very selective, that is supply high gain over just a relatively narrow band of frequencies. For the case of an FM receiver the needed bandwidth...