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Al Qaeda and the Taliban - Institute for Middle Eastern Democracy

This paper examines the complex, often misunderstood, relationship between al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the various militant groups found in FATA (the Federally Administered Tribal Areas) in Pakistan, including the TTP (Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan). Much of what is commonly assumed about the Taliban, the TTP and al-Qaeda is based on misinformation, misunderstanding or a misrepresentation of historical events. The Taliban and alQaeda can in many ways be seen as sharing common values, although their ultimate goals remain very different. The Taliban were not part of the mujahedeen fighting against the Soviets in Afghanistan, and emerged only in 1994. Al-Qaeda, for all the conspiracy, did not receive money from the CIA during the 1980s, and was only officially formed as an organisation in 1988. The creation of the TTP in 2007 is another matter, and was created as an umbrella organisation for various Pakistani militant groups, and maintains close ties with al-Qaeda. However, the Pakistani Taliban is not the same Taliban as the one formed in 1994, and although it swears its loyalty to Mullah Omar, its goals differ from that of the Afghani Taliban. We can speak of al-Qaeda and the Taliban in two broad strokes – pre 9/11 and post 9/11. The attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon (as well as the failed attack on Washington DC with the hijacked flight 93), was the culmination of al-Qaeda as a tightly knit, hierarchical organisation. The subsequent “War on Terror” and the invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 destroyed much of its organisational capacity; it also left the Taliban severely weakened. However, they both regrouped in the FATA region over a period of years, and al-Qaeda spread its ideology throughout northern Pakistan, coalescing with militant groups and local warlords. Before 9/11, al-Qaeda and the Taliban were very much two different organisations; today, it is not so simple, and in 2010, General David Petreus claimed that there is “a symbiotic relationship between all of these different organizations: al-Qaeda, the Pakistani Taliban, the Afghan Taliban ... They support each other, they coordinate with each other, sometimes they compete with each other, [and] sometimes they even fight each other.” (cfr, 2010, http://www.cfr.org).

Al Qaeda, Trends in Terrorism and Future Potentialities - RAND ...

Bruce Hoffman P-8078 RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. Papers are issued by RAND as a service to its professional staff. They are personal products of the authors rather than the results of sponsored RAND research. They have not been formally reviewed or edited. The views and conclusions expressed in Papers are those of the authors and are not necessarily shared by other members of the RAND staff or by its research sponsors. RAND® is a registered trademark. For more information or to order RAND documents, see RAND’s URL (http://www.rand.org) or contact Distribution Services, RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138, phone (310) 451-7002; Fax: (310) 4516915; Email: order@rand.org Published 2003 by RAND 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 1200 South Hayes Street, Arlington, VA 22202-5050 201 North Craig Street, Suite 202, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-1516

Breaking the Bonds between Al-Qa'ida and Its Affiliate Organizations

A l-Qa’ida seems to be on its heels. The death of Osama bin Laden and the fall of Arab dictators have left its leadership in disarray, its narrative confused, and the organization on the defensive. One silver lining for al-Qaida, however, has been its affiliate organizations. In Iraq, the Maghreb, Somalia, Yemen, and elsewhere, alQa’ida has used local groups to expand its reach, increase its power, and grow its numbers. This string of mergers is not over. In places as diverse as the Sinai Peninsula and Nigeria, al-Qa’ida-linked organizations are emerging. However, the jihadist world is more fractured than it may appear at first glance. Many Salafi-jihadist groups have not joined with al-Qa’ida, and even if they have, tensions and divisions occur that present the United States and its allies with opportunities for weakening the bond. at the same time, several Salafi-jihadist groups chose not to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, including Egypt’s Gamaat al-Islamiyya and Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG), and fighters in Chechnya, Gaza, and Pakistan maintained their distance as well. Motivations to the Affiliate for Joining There are a number of reasons why a group may choose to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, some practical, some ideological, and some personal: • • Al-Qa’ida has always been both a group with its own agenda and a facilitator of other terrorist groups. This meant that it not only carried out attacks on U.S. targets in Kenya, Tanzania, and Yemen throughout the 1990s, but it helped other jihadist groups with funding, training, and additional logistical essentials. Toward the end of the 1990s, alQa’ida incorporated Egyptian Islamic Jihad into its structure. After September 11, 2001, this process of deepening its relationship with outside groups took off, and today a number of regional groups bear the label “al-Qa’ida” in their name, along with a more local designation.

nüvi® 600/650
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All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited. Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements. Visit the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.com) for current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products. Garmin®, MapSource®, and nüvi® are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries, registered in the USA and other countries. Garmin Lock™, myGarmin™, and personal travel assistant™ are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin. SiRF, SiRFstar, and the SiRF logo are registered trademarks of SiRF Technology, Inc. SiRFstarIII and SiRF Powered are trademarks of SiRF Technology, Inc. Microsoft is either registered trademark or trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Mac® and iTunes® are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Audible.com®, AudibleManager®, and AudibleReady® are registered trademarks of Audible, Inc. © Audible, Inc. 1997–2005.

Philadelphia Personal Injury Lawyer

The Lawyers of Rizio, Hamilton & Kane know that when one is in need of an accident attorney in Philadelphia, that person desires and deserves the personalized attention that Rizio, Hamilton & Kane, P.C. can provide. Visit www.rizio-hamilton.com/

Key Steps for Applying for a Credit Card. Sachin Karpe’s point of view

Acquiring a credit card can be a task, but if one remembers some simple steps the application process of getting a credit card would become simple” says Sachin Karpe giving some key points to remember while applying for a credit card.

How to find And Acquiring Fabulous Books

There are various fantastic novels, like silke, you can go through throughout your free time. In fact, it will not be simple to distinguish the favorable types through the average literature. Could very well be asking yourself how you are likely to find that novel that you might curl track of on top of your chair. Here are several tricks. The synopsis will often be found at the back manage or located on the essential flap associated with the book. You get a specific concept of whatever the narrative will probably be and what exactly the people are similar to, by checking this. This can certainly be useful in picking out the manual that will actually help keep you entertained.

Buying guides
by banyo 0 Comments favorite 9 Viewed Download 0 Times

After computers and laptops, Ovens are most used appliances in a house. So, you can imagine how important it is to have ovens right but finding that ‘right’ is not easy errand by any means. With an array of features, functions and forms from different brands in mind, simple buying oven can become complete detour from sanity. Never mind, its ovens not your door knobs.

Infinity Tours
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Infinity Tours take pride in our personal knowledge of various South America, Central America tours Rio Holidays & Holidays to Argentina and destinations that we cover.

WinMD Pro: Step By Step Downloading and Installation Guide with Images

Winmd pro is PC cleaner software, which is offering ultimate PC protection security suits for your PC. It's also provides a unique PC cleaner features like browser cleaner, file cleaner and apps cleaner. It offers complete PC protection and help you to keep your personal information secure either online or offline. This PC cleaner software is easy to Download & Install and doesn’t affect your device. We are providing some download steps in this PDF; you can see & follow this and download free Win-MD pro Software easily.

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