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This will also depend on the type of software which he chooses.

Asterisk and Its Key Benefits
by haroldvance 0 Comments favorite 34 Viewed Download 0 Times

Asterisk is an open source software PBX utilized by umpteen enterprises, businesses and individuals alike. Read/Download this doc to know more about Asterisk and its features.

Video Conferencing Solution Utility for Residential People

Video conferencing software can be useful for different people in different way. Read/Download this doc to explore how it can be used for the people lives at home.

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Some other studies come to other conclusions (see ch. 3 of UNCTAD (2007)), but the results covered here are representative of the bulk of the literature, which generally finds positive productivity impacts from adoption of ICT and e-business

europäische kulturhauptstadt 2020 – legt freiburg seine bewerbung ...

M Die Idee zu einer Bewerbung hatte bereits im Oktober 2007 KultStadtrat Atai Keller. Die offiziellen Reaktionen vom Kulturbürgermeister, einzelnen Fraktionen und Kulturschaffenden waren positiv. Hinter vorgehaltender Hand aber heißt es aus Rathauskreisen auch: „Dass das kleine Freiburg Europas Kulturhauptstadt wird, ist so wahrscheinlich wie dass der Sportclub Deutscher Fußballmeister wird.“ In diese Minimalchance viel Geld zu investieren, könnte der Kultur sogar schaden: Denn wo soll das Geld für eine erfolgreiche Bewerbung denn herkommen, wenn es nicht an anderer Stelle gespart wird. Der Ministerrat der Europäischen Union hatte 1985 auf Initiative der griechischen Kulturministerin Melina Mercouri das Projekt „Europäische Kulturhauptstadt“ mit dem Ziel beschlossen, einen Beitrag zur Annäherung der europäischen Völker zu leisten. Der begehrte Titel der Europäischen Kulturhauptstadt geht vermutlich 2020 – in jenem Jahr feiert Freiburg seinen 900. Geburtstag – oder 2021 wieder nach Deutschland. Bisher durften sich hierzulande Berlin 1988, Weimar 1999 und im kommenden Jahr Essen samt Ruhrgebiet über die Auszeichnung freuen. Im Kern einer erfolgreichen Bewerbung steht nicht etwa die Frage, was der Titel, was Europa Freiburg bringen könnten, sondern genau die gegenteilige: Was kann Freiburg Europa bringen? So fragt denn auch eines der Kriterien für eine Ernennung explizit nach dem Beitrag der Stadt zur europäischen Kunst- und Die Stadtspitze hat mittlerweile eine 32-köpfige „Konzeptgruppe Kulturhauptstadt“ gebildet, die sich am 27. Juli im Ratssaal wieder treffen wird, und in der neben von Kirchbach und einer Handvoll städtischer Amtsleiter auch Musikhochschulen-Rektor Rüdiger Nolte, Theater-Intendantin Barbara Mundel, Solararchitekt Rolf Disch, Fabrik-Vordenker Martin Wiedemann, der Theater im MarienbadVorsitzende Hubertus Fehrenbacher, Wirtschaftsförderer Bernd Dallmann und Vertreter der Universität und des Architekturforums sitzen.

Conferencing Solution to Enhance Your Business

Each small and big enterprise must consider the benefits of the conferencing solution. Read/download this doc to explore facts and related details of conferencing solution.

Al Qaeda and the Taliban - Institute for Middle Eastern Democracy

This paper examines the complex, often misunderstood, relationship between al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the various militant groups found in FATA (the Federally Administered Tribal Areas) in Pakistan, including the TTP (Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan). Much of what is commonly assumed about the Taliban, the TTP and al-Qaeda is based on misinformation, misunderstanding or a misrepresentation of historical events. The Taliban and alQaeda can in many ways be seen as sharing common values, although their ultimate goals remain very different. The Taliban were not part of the mujahedeen fighting against the Soviets in Afghanistan, and emerged only in 1994. Al-Qaeda, for all the conspiracy, did not receive money from the CIA during the 1980s, and was only officially formed as an organisation in 1988. The creation of the TTP in 2007 is another matter, and was created as an umbrella organisation for various Pakistani militant groups, and maintains close ties with al-Qaeda. However, the Pakistani Taliban is not the same Taliban as the one formed in 1994, and although it swears its loyalty to Mullah Omar, its goals differ from that of the Afghani Taliban. We can speak of al-Qaeda and the Taliban in two broad strokes – pre 9/11 and post 9/11. The attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon (as well as the failed attack on Washington DC with the hijacked flight 93), was the culmination of al-Qaeda as a tightly knit, hierarchical organisation. The subsequent “War on Terror” and the invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 destroyed much of its organisational capacity; it also left the Taliban severely weakened. However, they both regrouped in the FATA region over a period of years, and al-Qaeda spread its ideology throughout northern Pakistan, coalescing with militant groups and local warlords. Before 9/11, al-Qaeda and the Taliban were very much two different organisations; today, it is not so simple, and in 2010, General David Petreus claimed that there is “a symbiotic relationship between all of these different organizations: al-Qaeda, the Pakistani Taliban, the Afghan Taliban ... They support each other, they coordinate with each other, sometimes they compete with each other, [and] sometimes they even fight each other.” (cfr, 2010, http://www.cfr.org).

The origins and strategic objectives of the al-Qaeda organization in ...

In 2007, the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) emerged after the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) aligned itself with Al-Qaeda. This development captured the world’s attention and led several scholars and policymakers to ask the question: Why did this merger take place and what does it say about the motivations of GSPC? This research investigates three hypotheses: (1) This merger is merely an ideological one without operational implications; (2) this merger is ideological, operational, and logistical; or (3) this merger is merely a rebranding of a failing organization that needed to survive and, therefore, is not a genuine threat to the United States and its European allies. Exploring the evolution of Algerian Islamism, from the rise of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) and the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) to the GSPC and AQIM, this study concludes that hypothesis 3 is the best explanation of the merger between GSPC and Al-Qaeda. Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington DC 20503.

Download PDF - The Washington Institute for Near East Policy

Both Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who founded Jamaat al-Tawhid wa-l-Jihad ( JTWJ) in 1999 (see Table 1 for the history of ISIS names), and al-Qaeda head Usama bin Laden came of age during the Afghan jihad against the Soviet Union in the 1980s, but their respective organizations have distinct genetic material, attributable in part to their different backgrounds, leadership styles, and aims. This is the case even though the two groups formed a marriage of convenience beginning in 2004. One key difference involves the socioeconomic background of the groups’ founders. Whereas bin Laden and his cadre grew up in at least the upper middle class and had a university education, Zarqawi and those closest to him came from poorer, less educated backgrounds. Zarqawi’s criminal past and extreme views on takf ir (accusing another Muslim of heresy and thereby justifying his killing) created major friction3 and distrust with bin Laden when the two first met in Afghanistan in 1999.

nüvi® 705 series
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All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited. Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements. Visit the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.com) for current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products. Garmin®, the Garmin logo, MapSource®, nüvi®, and TourGuide® are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries, registered in the USA and other countries. Garmin Lock™, myGarmin™, ecoRoute™, and nüMaps Guarantee™ are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.

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