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No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, information retrieval systems, or computer network without the written permission of Sonos, Inc. SONOS and all other Sonos product names and slogans are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sonos, Inc. SONOS Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Sonos products may be protected by one or more patents. Our patent-to-product information can be found here: sonos.com/legal/patents iPhone®, iPod®, iPad® and iTunes® are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries. Android® is a trademark of Google, Inc. MPEG Layer-3 audio decoding technology licensed from Fraunhofer IIS and Thomson. Sonos uses MSNTP software, which was developed by N.M. Maclaren at the University of Cambridge. © Copyright, N.M. Maclaren, 1996, 1997, 2000; © Copyright, University of Cambridge, 1996, 1997, 2000. All other products and services mentioned may be trademarks or service marks of their respective owners. March 2014 ©2004-2014 by Sonos, Inc. All rights reserved. SONOS DOCK • Allows you to play your favorite music from an iPod® or iPhone® on a Sonos system—all throughout your home. The DOCK is compatible with*: • iPod touch (1st, 2nd 3rd, and 4th generation) • iPod classic • iPod nano (3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th generation) • iPhone 4, iPhone 4S, iPhone 3GS • iPhone 3G, iPhone • Charges while it’s seated in the DOCK. The DOCK supports 1 Amp charging, the latest specification from Apple®. • Great for parties—simply have your friends dock their iPod or iPhone for play back on your Sonos system. * For the latest system requirements or compatible audio formats, go to http://faq.sonos.com/specs.
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Cardan (cross) type universal joint operation is typically designed to be in a range of 1 to 3°, figure 1. A cardan type joint can operate for short periods of time at angles up to approximately eight degrees. Angles that are not within the desired range will cause drive line vibration and significantly shorten the life of the universal joint. Vibration that is created by incorrect u-joint angles is usually most noticeable at low speeds, under 40 mph., under load or acceleration. If a problem with u-joint angle is suspected perform the following basic inspection procedures. 1. Rotate the drive shaft to check for binding, or misalignment of the cross or bearing cups. 2. Check that all surfaces are clean. 3. Check the condition of the motor and transmission mounts. Broken mounts are a frequent cause of drive shaft vibration and are often overlooked. If these conditions are satisfactory a preliminary check of angles can be made with an inclinometer. Before attempting to measure angles ensure that tire air pressure is correct, that the vehicle is at the correct trim (chassis) height, and the ground surface is level. 1. Measure the angle of the front slip yoke by placing the inclinometer on the bottom of the bearing cup, figure 2. Position the inclinometer on the clean flat surface of the bearing cup, level the bubble and note the reading. 2. Measure the drive shaft angle, as shown, and subtract the smaller number from the greater to determine the angle. 3. Repeat the same procedure on the rear u-joint and pinion input shaft.
Driveline Angle Analyzer (DAA) and Driveline Vibration Analyzer (DVA) • Effectively diagnose the most common truck vibration problems • Pinpoint engine, driveshaft, u-joint and wheel end vibration problems. New engine diagnostics for engine and cab mount effectiveness. • Helps eliminate expensive parts changing and misdiagnosis • Simple set up • Quick tests • Automatic evaluation and reporting • Portable data • Expert assistance • Roadranger® field support Product Selection DAA CD......................................................... $100 Driveline Angle Analyzer software predicts effect of driveline working angles and correct action DAA Kit.......................................................... $500 Driveline Angle Analyzer digital protractor, v-block, tape measure and software Basic MD300V............................................ $4,000 Reconditioned Driveline Vibration Analyzer Basic DVA 2.0 Plus..................................... $6,000 Updated Driveline Vibration Analyzer includes new engine vibration measurement Advanced Driveline Vibration Analyzer (DVA) 2.0 Plus........................................... $10,000 Automatically evaluates engine, cab mounts and all common vibration problems along with advanced reporting capabilities Driveline Vibration Analyzer New Service Offerings • “Rent to own” programs • Roadranger provided services...
Troubleshoot common drive shaft problems. ○ Check ... Remove and replace a drive shaft assembly. ○ Replace ... Drive Shaft Vibration can be caused by. Learning Objectives Troubleshoot common drive shaft problems. Check universal joint wear. Measure drive shaft runout. Remove and replace a drive shaft assembly. Replace universal joints. Perform basic service operations on a transfer case. Cite and practice good safety procedures. Chapter 60 1. Because a Transfer Case is heavy, use a transmission jack when removing. 2. Before disassembling a Universal Joint, Joint scribe/mark each component. Transfer Case Removal Use a hoist and transmission jack Transfer Case Oil Check the oil condition and level first. Replace dirty or contaminated oil
These instructions only apply to this particular version center support bearing and may not be correct for other versions. TOOLS NEEDED: • Ratchet • 12mm serrated wrench (triple square bit) – NAPA # SER2306 • 13mm socket • 18mm socket • 6 inch extension • 18mm open end wrench • Rubber mallet or dead blow hammer. . Expanding flat nosed snap ring pliers . Various other common hand tools INSTRUCTIONS: Read these entirely and understand them BEFORE you attempt this procedure. 1. Apply parking brake and wheel chocks to prevent vehicle from rolling. A lift is recommended for this repair. IMPORTANT: Carefully mark driveshaft orientation on both ends of shaft sections. (Transmission and differential ends, as well as splined ends where the two drive shafts come apart to allow removal of center support) The sections MUST be reassembled EXACTLY as they came apart for the removal of the old center support bearing, and the driveshaft needs to be reinstalled EXACTLY the same way, in the exact same orientation. Failure to do so can result in imbalance, vibration, and potential damage to vehicle. Otherwise a professional drive shaft shop must be employed to re-balance entire assembly. 2. Remove 6 10mm bolts at joint at rear of back driveshaft. Use the M12 triple square (12point) tool. (NAPA part number SER2306). 3. Remove 3 18mm wrench size (12mm bolt size) bolts from front of driveshaft. 4. Remove 3 18mm wrench size (12mm bolt size) bolts on flex disc. 5. Remove 13mm wrench size (8mm bolt size) bolts on plate covering center support. 6. On some models (Turbos), it may be necessary to loosen various exhaust system clamps, hangers and components to ease access to driveshaft. 7. Pull driveshaft toward front of vehicle to separate it from differential.
Throughout this article I will address many basics of your vehicle’s steering, suspension, driveline, tires, and wheels. I did not intend this to be a “how to” manual with step by step instructions. It will simply illustrate the concepts. I’ll start with the lift and explain what it did to your steering, suspension, and driveline one aspect at a time. NOTES ABOUT THE ILLUSTRATIONS: 1) most are “spring under” leaf spring suspension, 2) non-pertinent parts are omitted for clarity, 3) many examples are exaggerated for illustration, and 4) most concepts illustrated also apply to spring over and coil/link suspensions. To cover the differences, I added a separate coil and link suspensions topic. Ready? OK, let’s get started. You lifted your Jeep and now it wanders all over the road and it vibrates too. What happened? Well, you just changed a lot of the vehicle’s geometry (probably without knowing it). Here’s a diagram of a stock Jeep and the proper angles. Your caster angle should be between 4 and 8 degrees positive. This caster angle creates an effect called mechanical trail. It’s the force that makes your wheels return to center. The caster angle shown below is close to stock. The point that the steering axis (black line) intersects the ground to the point to where the rotational axis touches the ground forms the points to measure your caster angle. You can best measure the caster angle from the top of the upper ball joint.
The steering system consists of solid steering shaft with a lower joint assembly. Stealth and 3000GT models are equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) that includes an air bag and clockspring located in the steering column. WARNING: On Stealth and 3000GT, before doing any repairs, disconnect and shield battery ground. Disconnect SRS connector at control unit. Use caution when working around steering column (air bag could deploy). TROUBLE SHOOTING Refer to TROUBLE SHOOTING - BASIC PROCEDURES article in the GENERAL TROUBLE SHOOTING section. REMOVAL & INSTALLATION STEERING WHEEL & HORN PAD R & I Removal (All Models Except Stealth & 3000GT) 1) Remove horn pad. On Galant, push horn pad toward top of steering wheel for removal. On Precis, push and turn horn pad assembly to remove and disconnect horn button connector. On all other models, remove screws and/or pry horn pad from steering wheel. 2) On all models, place reference mark on steering wheel and steering column shaft for reassembly reference. Remove steering wheel retaining nut and washer. Using steering wheel puller, remove steering wheel. CAUTION: DO NOT hammer on steering wheel during removal, as it may damage steering column. Installation To install, reverse removal procedure. Ensure reference marks are aligned. Tighten steering wheel retaining nut to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS table at end of article. Removal (Stealth & 3000GT) 1) Set front wheels in the straight-ahead position. Remove STEERING COLUMN
AUTOMATIC FWD MODELS REMOVAL 1) Remove battery and battery tray. On 3000GT, remove undercover(s). On Eclipse turbo, drain and remove intercooler. On all models, remove air cleaner and case. Raise and support vehicle. Remove wheels. Disconnect control cables at transaxle. Drain transaxle fluid. 2) On Mirage 1.6L, disconnect tension rod. On all models, disconnect neutral safety switch connector, oil cooler hoses and electrical connectors from transaxle. Disconnect speedometer cable and throttle control cable (if equipped). Remove starter motor. 3) On Galant models with electronically controlled suspension, remove air compressor and bracket. Disconnect front height sensor rod at lower control arm. 4) On all models, remove upper transaxle-to-engine bolts. Remove engine undercover (if equipped). On all models, remove drive axle shafts. See FWD AXLE SHAFTS article in DRIVE AXLES. Separate lower control arms from struts for access to axle shafts (if necessary). 5) Remove front exhaust pipe (if necessary). On Eclipse 4WD, Galant 4WD and 3000GT, remove right member and gusset. On 4WD models, separate transfer assembly from transaxle. Reference mark transfer assembly-to-drive shaft and remove transfer assembly. 6) On all models, remove transmission inspection (dust) cover. Place index mark on torque converter and drive plate for reassembly reference. Remove torque converter-to-drive plate bolts. Push torque converter away from engine into transaxle. 7) Support transaxle with jack. Remove transaxle mounts bolts, mounting brackets and remaining transaxle-to-engine bolts. Slide transaxle assembly to right and lower to remove. CAUTION: Ensure torque converter is fully seated in transaxle before installation. Always install new snap rings on inner constant velocity joints.