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This paper examines the complex, often misunderstood, relationship between al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the various militant groups found in FATA (the Federally Administered Tribal Areas) in Pakistan, including the TTP (Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan). Much of what is commonly assumed about the Taliban, the TTP and al-Qaeda is based on misinformation, misunderstanding or a misrepresentation of historical events. The Taliban and alQaeda can in many ways be seen as sharing common values, although their ultimate goals remain very different. The Taliban were not part of the mujahedeen fighting against the Soviets in Afghanistan, and emerged only in 1994. Al-Qaeda, for all the conspiracy, did not receive money from the CIA during the 1980s, and was only officially formed as an organisation in 1988. The creation of the TTP in 2007 is another matter, and was created as an umbrella organisation for various Pakistani militant groups, and maintains close ties with al-Qaeda. However, the Pakistani Taliban is not the same Taliban as the one formed in 1994, and although it swears its loyalty to Mullah Omar, its goals differ from that of the Afghani Taliban. We can speak of al-Qaeda and the Taliban in two broad strokes – pre 9/11 and post 9/11. The attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon (as well as the failed attack on Washington DC with the hijacked flight 93), was the culmination of al-Qaeda as a tightly knit, hierarchical organisation. The subsequent “War on Terror” and the invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 destroyed much of its organisational capacity; it also left the Taliban severely weakened. However, they both regrouped in the FATA region over a period of years, and al-Qaeda spread its ideology throughout northern Pakistan, coalescing with militant groups and local warlords. Before 9/11, al-Qaeda and the Taliban were very much two different organisations; today, it is not so simple, and in 2010, General David Petreus claimed that there is “a symbiotic relationship between all of these different organizations: al-Qaeda, the Pakistani Taliban, the Afghan Taliban ... They support each other, they coordinate with each other, sometimes they compete with each other, [and] sometimes they even fight each other.” (cfr, 2010, http://www.cfr.org).
Al Qaeda (AQ) has evolved into a significantly different terrorist organization than the one that perpetrated the September 11, 2001, attacks. At the time, Al Qaeda was composed mostly of a core cadre of veterans of the Afghan insurgency against the Soviet Union, with a centralized leadership structure made up mostly of Egyptians. Most of the organization’s plots either emanated from the top or were approved by the leadership. Some analysts describe pre-9/11 Al Qaeda as akin to a corporation, with Osama Bin Laden acting as an agile Chief Executive Officer issuing orders and soliciting ideas from subordinates. Some would argue that the Al Qaeda of that period no longer exists. Out of necessity, due to pressures from the security community, in the ensuing years it has transformed into a diffuse global network and philosophical movement composed of dispersed nodes with varying degrees of independence. The core leadership, headed by Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, is thought to live in the mountainous tribal belt of northwest Pakistan bordering Afghanistan, where it continues to train operatives, recruit, and disseminate propaganda. But Al Qaeda franchises or affiliated groups active in countries such as Yemen and Somalia now represent critical power centers in the larger movement. Some affiliates receive money, training, and weapons; others look to the core leadership in Pakistan for strategic guidance, theological justification, and a larger narrative of global struggle.
A l-Qa’ida seems to be on its heels. The death of Osama bin Laden and the fall of Arab dictators have left its leadership in disarray, its narrative confused, and the organization on the defensive. One silver lining for al-Qaida, however, has been its affiliate organizations. In Iraq, the Maghreb, Somalia, Yemen, and elsewhere, alQa’ida has used local groups to expand its reach, increase its power, and grow its numbers. This string of mergers is not over. In places as diverse as the Sinai Peninsula and Nigeria, al-Qa’ida-linked organizations are emerging. However, the jihadist world is more fractured than it may appear at first glance. Many Salafi-jihadist groups have not joined with al-Qa’ida, and even if they have, tensions and divisions occur that present the United States and its allies with opportunities for weakening the bond. at the same time, several Salafi-jihadist groups chose not to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, including Egypt’s Gamaat al-Islamiyya and Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG), and fighters in Chechnya, Gaza, and Pakistan maintained their distance as well. Motivations to the Affiliate for Joining There are a number of reasons why a group may choose to affiliate with al-Qa’ida, some practical, some ideological, and some personal: • • Al-Qa’ida has always been both a group with its own agenda and a facilitator of other terrorist groups. This meant that it not only carried out attacks on U.S. targets in Kenya, Tanzania, and Yemen throughout the 1990s, but it helped other jihadist groups with funding, training, and additional logistical essentials. Toward the end of the 1990s, alQa’ida incorporated Egyptian Islamic Jihad into its structure. After September 11, 2001, this process of deepening its relationship with outside groups took off, and today a number of regional groups bear the label “al-Qa’ida” in their name, along with a more local designation.
All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited. Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements. Visit the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.com) for current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products. Garmin® and MapSource® are registered trademarks, and nüvi™, myGarmin™, Garmin Lock™, and Garmin TourGuide™ are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be used without the express permission of Garmin. The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are owned by the Bluetooth SIG, Inc., and any use of such name by Garmin is under license. Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Mac® is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. SiRF®, SiRFstar®, and the SiRF logo are registered trademarks, and SiRFstarIII™ and SiRF™ Powered are trademarks of SiRF Technology, Inc. Audible.com® and AudibleReady® are registered trademarks of Audible, Inc. © Audible, Inc. 1997-2005. Multilingual Wordbank © Oxford University Press 2001.
Certain Renault 1.5 DCi models, produced between June 2001 and June 2002, without air-conditioning, could have issues with the accessory drive belt, as a result of tensioner problems. The tensioner base plate could deform, resulting in misalignment, belt noise and early failure. In order to cure this, Renault launched a technical note, saying the old tensioner (OE ref. 8200262773, 8200292784), the 2 tensioner bolts (torxhead) and the accessory drive belt (OE ref. 8200020924) have to be replaced. Vehicles involved: *Clio II, Symbol, Van 1.5DCi. Chassis codes: BB07, BB08, CB07, CB08, LB07, SB07, SB08; with engine K9K700 or K9K702. *Kangoo, Rapid, Express 1.5DCI. Chassis codes: FC07, FC08, KC07, KC09 ; with engine K9K700, K9K702 or K9K710. How to proceed: Loosen tensioner bolts Remove old accessory drive belt Remove old tensioner bolts and tensioner Install new tensioner (OE ref. 8200328372) Use 2 new bolts (OE ref. 7703002059 - hex head) Install the 2 bolts hand tight Install a new Micro-V® XF belt 5PK1133 (OE ref. 8200020924). ATTENTION!!! The pulleys of this drive have 6 grooves, while the needed belt only has 5 ribs. The groove closest to the engine bloc has to remain free. Tensioning the new belt: The belt has to be tensioned (with tool Mot. 1638, OE ref. 0000163800) to a higher tension than with the original drive set-up Technical Bulletin 013 Copyright © 2006 Gates Corporation
展示名:欧州航空大混乱！ －アイスランド火山噴火－ アイスランドのエイヤフィヤットラヨークトル氷河で4月14日から続いている火山噴火によって、大量の火山灰 が欧州上空を覆った。飛行機は火山灰によってエンジン停止の可能性があるため飛べず、航空網が寸断さ れ、経済活動・政治活動など様々な部分に影響が及んでいる。 展示期間 平成22年4月20日～ 5月6日 展示本リスト 平成22年4月20日現在 【高知県立図書館所蔵】 書 名 著 者 出版社 出版年 請求記号 配架場所 1 局地風のいろいろ 改訂版 荒川 正一 成山堂書店 2001 451.4 一般 2 世界の風・日本の風 吉野 正敏 成山堂書店 2008 451.4 一般 3 風の気象学 竹内 清秀 東京大学出版 会 1997 451.4 一般 4 偏西風の気象学 田中 博 成山堂書店 2007 451.4 一般 5 再生 吉田 正夫 古今書院 2002 453.8 一般 6 火山のはなし 災害軽減に向けて 下鶴 大輔 朝倉書店 2000 453.8 一般 7 火山大災害 金子 史朗 古今書院 2000 453.8 一般 ディック・トンプソン ／著 地人書館 山越 幸江／訳 2003 453.8 一般 白尾 元理 地人書館 2002 453.8 一般 サイモン・ウィン チェスター／著 柴田 裕之／訳 早川書房 2004 453.8 一般 11 史上最強カラー図解 鈴木真二／監修 ナツメ社 2009 538 ジョブ 12 わかりやすい航空工学入門 橋本 孝明 晃洋書房 2004 538.1 ジョブ 新星出版社 2006 538.6 ジョブ 自然力を知る ピナツボ火山災害地域の環境 8 火山に魅せられた男たち 噴火予知に命がけで挑む科学者の物語 火山とクレーターを旅する 地球ウォッチング 9 紀行 クラカトアの大噴火 世界の歴史を動かした火 10 山 プロが教える飛行機のすべてがわかる本 飛行機のしくみ 最新の機体の構造から操縦 新星出版社編集 部／編 13 システムのしくみまで 14 大空への挑戦 ジェット機編 鳥養 鶴雄 グランプリ出版 2002 538.6 ジョブ 15 飛行機の百科事典
PURPOSE During the OBD--II drive cycle, the OBD--II system checks each emission control system by monitoring it for proper operation. It is necessary to run the OBD--II drive cycle: D After repairing an affected vehicle to eliminate a fuel--related or emission--related diagnostic trouble code (DTC). The OBD--II drive cycle will monitor the affected emission system and confirm that the repair was successful. D If the vehicle’s I/M test (“smog check”) results indicate that the OBD--II Readiness Monitors are “incomplete.” Readiness Codes for 1996--98 models are not set to “complete” until all required monitors have gone through one complete monitor cycle. OBD--II monitors could identify a failure. After that, Readiness Codes are set to “complete” after each individual monitor has been completed. Effective January 2, 2001, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will require that vehicles must have all OBD--II Readiness Codes “complete” at the time of an I/M test. This bulletin contains: S OBD--II drive cycle procedure for 1996-97 affected vehicles only (Refer to the appropriate service manual for 1998 and later model OBD--II drive cyle procedures.) S Warranty claim information for OBD--II drive cycle on all affected vehicles. NOTE: On 1996--97 V6 models, after all Readiness codes are complete, turning the ignition off will cause all the Readiness status readings to show incomplete (“INCMP”). This may require that an I/M test be performed before the ignition key is turned off.
70-7003/70-7004 Amplifier Integration Harness Amplifier Integration Harness 1994-96 Dodge Stealth 1995-98 Eagle Talon 1994-99 Mitsubishi 3000GT 1994-04 Mitsubishi Diamante 1995-05 Mitsubishi Eclipse 1994-03 Mitsubishi Galant 2002-07 Mitsubishi Lancer 1997-02 Mitsubishi Mirage 1997-05 Mitsubishi Montero 2003-06 Mitsubishi Outlander To integrate an aftermarket head unit with the factory Infinity amplifier. Or To integrate an aftermarket amplifier with the factory Infinity head unit. AUDIO HARNESS POWER HARNESS 1994-96 Dodge Stealth 1995-98 Eagle Talon 1994-99 Mitsubishi 3000GT 1994-04 Mitsubishi Diamante 1995-05 Mitsubishi Eclipse 1994-03 Mitsubishi Galant 2002-07 Mitsubishi Lancer 1997-02 Mitsubishi Mirage 1997-05 Mitsubishi Montero 2003-06 Mitsubishi Outlander To integrate an aftermarket head unit with the factory Infinity amplifier. Or To integrate an aftermarket amplifier with the factory Infinity head unit. AUDIO HARNESS POWER HARNESS 1-800-221-0932 www.metraonline.com © COPYRIGHT 2001-2009 METRA ELECTRONICS CORP. 1-800-221-0932 www.metraonline.com © COPYRIGHT 2001-2009 METRA ELECTRONICS CORP. 70-7003/70-7004 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS 70-7003/70-7004 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS Amplifier Integration Harness Amplifier Integration Harness 1994-96 Dodge Stealth 1995-98 Eagle Talon 1994-99 Mitsubishi 3000GT 1994-04 Mitsubishi Diamante 1995-05 Mitsubishi Eclipse 1994-03 Mitsubishi Galant 2002-07 Mitsubishi Lancer 1997-02 Mitsubishi Mirage 1997-05 Mitsubishi Montero 2003-06 Mitsubishi Outlander To integrate an aftermarket head unit with the factory Infinity amplifier. Or To integrate an aftermarket amplifier with the factory Infinity head unit. AUDIO HARNESS POWER HARNESS 1-800-221-0932 www.metraonline.com © COPYRIGHT 2001-2009 METRA ELECTRONICS CORP. 1994-96 Dodge Stealth 1995-98 Eagle Talon 1994-99 Mitsubishi 3000GT 1994-04 Mitsubishi Diamante 1995-05 Mitsubishi Eclipse 1994-03 Mitsubishi Galant 2002-07 Mitsubishi Lancer 1997-02 Mitsubishi Mirage 1997-05 Mitsubishi Montero 2003-06 Mitsubishi Outlander To integrate an aftermarket head unit with the factory Infinity amplifier. Or To integrate an aftermarket amplifier with the factory Infinity head unit. AUDIO HARNESS POWER HARNESS 1-800-221-0932 www.metraonline.com © COPYRIGHT 2001-2009 METRA ELECTRONICS CORP. To Integrate Aftermarket Head Unit with Factory Amplifier To Integrate Aftermarket Head Unit with Factory Amplifier AUDIO HARNESS AUDIO HARNESS Connect the RCA cables to the line outputs on the aftermarket head unit OR use Metra’s #FL-LOC605 (sold separately) Line Output Converters to supply line outputs. FUNCTION COLOR Right Front Gray Left Front White Right Rear Purple Left Rear Green Amplifier Turn On Blue/White POWER HARNESS Connect the power wires to the aftermarket head unit. FUNCTION COLOR Ground To vehicle chassis Battery/Memory Yellow Ignition/Accy Red Power Antenna Blue Illumination Orange (If the aftermarket head unit does not have an Illumination wire, do not connect the orange wire, and cap this wire to prevent a short circuit.) NOTE: If the system has noise, use Metra’s #FL-GL605(sold separately) Ground Loop Isolator to remove the noise. Connect the RCA cables to the line outputs on the aftermarket head unit OR use Metra’s #FL-LOC605 (sold separately) Line Output Converters to supply line outputs. FUNCTION COLOR Right Front Gray Left Front White Right Rear Purple Left Rear Green Amplifier Turn On Blue/White POWER HARNESS Connect the power wires to the aftermarket head unit. FUNCTION COLOR Ground To vehicle chassis Battery/Memory Yellow Ignition/Accy Red Power Antenna Blue Illumination Orange (If the aftermarket head unit does not have an Illumination wire, do not connect the orange wire, and cap this wire to prevent a short circuit.) NOTE: If the system has noise, use Metra’s #FL-GL605(sold separately) Ground Loop Isolator to remove the noise.
Lebendige Stadt Foundation Saseler Damm 39 | 22395 Hamburg Phone +49 (0)40/60876172 Fax +49 (0)40/60876187 firstname.lastname@example.org www.lebendige-stadt.de We thank our supporters and joint organizers as well as the sponsors! Chairman: Dr. Hanspeter Georgi Former Minister for Economic Affairs and Employment, Saarland Further members: Dr.-Ing. Daniel Arnold CEO Deutsche Reihenhaus AG Dr. Gregor Bonin Councilor, City of Düsseldorf Heinz Buschkowsky District Mayor, Berlin-Neukölln Dr. Karl-Heinz Daehre Former Minister for Federal Development and Traffic, Saxony-Anhalt Raimund Ellrott Branch Manager Hamburg, GMA Gesellschaft für Markt- und Absatzforschung mbH Dr. Alexander Erdland CEO Wüstenrot & Württembergische AG Arved Fuchs Polar explorer Dr. Roland Gerschermann Managing Director F.A.Z. GmbH Dr. Herlind Gundelach Former State Councilor of the Department of Science and Research of Hamburg Michael Hahn Member of the Management Board DB Regio AG Joachim Herrmann, MdL Bavarian Minister of State of the Interior Susanne Heydenreich Director, Theater der Altstadt, Stuttgart Dr. Eckart John von Freyend Honorary President ZIA Burkhard Jung Lord Mayor of Leipzig Folkert Kiepe Associate Director, German Association of Cities and Towns Maik Klokow Managing Director Mehr! Entertainment GmbH Matthias Kohlbecker Kohlbecker | Architects & Engineers Prof. Dr. Rainer P. Lademann Managing Director, Dr. Lademann & Partner Hermann-Josef Lamberti Member of the Management Board, Deutsche Bank AG Lutz Lienenkämper, MdL Deputy Leader of the CDU state parliamentary group North Rhine-Westphalia Dr. Eva Lohse Lord Mayor of Ludwigshafen Prof. Dr. Engelbert Lütke Daldrup Agency for urban development, Urban Stakeholder Consulting, Former State Secretary Johannes Mock-O’Hara Managing Director Stage Entertainment GmbH Ingrid Mössinger General Director, Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz Klaus-Peter Müller Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Commerzbank AG Michael Müller Mayor and Senator for Urban Development and Environment, Berlin Helma Orosz Lord Mayor of Dresden Aygül Özkan Minister for Social Affairs, Women, Family, Health and Integration, Lower Saxony Reinhard Pass Lord Mayor of Essen Gisela Piltz, MdB Interior and Municipal Affairs Spokesperson, FDP Parliamentary Party Matthias Platzeck, MdL Prime Minister of Brandenburg Jürgen Roters Lord Mayor of Cologne Dr. Dieter Salomon Lord Mayor of Freiburg Dr. Thomas Schäfer Minister of Finance, Hessen Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schäfers CEO IVG Immobilien AG Bärbel Schomberg CEO and shareholder, Schomberg & Co. Real Estate Consulting Dr. Albrecht Schröter Lord Mayor of Jena Edwin Schwarz Former Chief Economic Affairs and Planning Officer of Frankfurt/Main Prof. Dr. Burkhard Schwenker CEO Roland Berger Strategy Consultants Ullrich Sierau Lord Mayor of the city of Dortmund Dr. Johannes Teyssen Chairman of the Management Boad E.ON AG Prof. Christiane Thalgott Former Civic Planning Officer of Munich Dr. Bernd Thiemann Chairman of the Supervisory Board Hypo Real Estate Markus Ulbig State Minister of the Interior, Saxony Prof. Jörn Walter Chief Planning Director of Hamburg Prof. Dr. Martin Wentz Managing Director Wentz & Co. GmbH Dr. Joachim Wieland Speaker of the Management Board, Aurelis Real Estate GmbH & Co. KG.
Meet the Head Coach Head Coach Scott Virgulak Scott Virgulak begins his second year as Rhode Island College's head baseball coach. He guided the Anchormen to a 21-18 overall record, the program's fourth straight 20-win campaign, and an 8-6 (third place tie) mark in the Little East Conference in his first season at the helm in 2010. He spent 2004-09 as an assistant coach under previous RIC boss Jay Grenier. During his time as an assistant, he primarily worked with the team's position players, while serving as the squad's third base coach during games. Off the field, he was instrumental in working with the team's recruiting efforts. Virgulak was an assistant coach with the Newport Gulls of the New England Collegiate Baseball League (NECBL) from 2006-09. The Gulls captured the 2009 NECBL Championship, with Virgulak serving as the head coach during the deciding game in the playoffs. Virgulak was an assistant coach for the 2009 NECBL All-Star squad that played Team USA. He also was an assistant coach during the 2004, '05 and '06 NECBL midsummer classics. Prior to joining the Gulls staff, Virgulak was an assistant coach with the North Adams Steeplecats and was promoted to head coach during the 2005 season, leading the club to its first and only playoff series victory. He played two seasons of baseball at RIC in 2000 and 2001. The North Kingstown, Rhode Island native played in 59 games, starting 58 of the them. He posted a .286 career batting average with 43 runs, 61 hits, 33 RBI, 16 doubles, five home runs, 92 total bases, 33 walks and one stolen base. He recorded a .432 slugging percentage, a .382 on-base percentage and a .938 fielding percentage for his career. As a junior in 2000, Virgulak had an outstanding season and was named First Team All-Little East Conference at third base. He batted .377 with 24 runs, 43 hits, 16 RBI, 10 doubles and two home runs. Prior to coming to RIC, Virgulak played two seasons for Grenier at the Community College of Rhode Island.