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Reprinted with permission from the IFFGD. Originally printed in Participate -- Vol 7 No 1, Spring 1998. Go to the IFFGD website for Information on subscribing to Participate (and becoming an IFFGD member). People with functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders can have a variety of symptoms that range from painless diarrhea or constipation, to pain associated with diarrhea and/or constipation (usually called irritable bowel syndrome). There is another, less common condition of abdominal pain that is chronic or frequently recurring; it is not associated with changes in bowel pattern. This condition is called chronic functional abdominal pain (CFAP). CFAP is a functional GI disorder. There are no abnormal x-rays or laboratory findings to explain the pain. It occurs because of altered sensitivity to nerve impulses in the gut and brain, and it is not associated with altered motility in the intestines. For people with CFAP, the pain can be so all-consuming that it becomes the main focus of their lives. Not only does it impact on quality of life, but it has a major economic impact as well. The US Householders Survey of Functional GI Disorders published in 1993 found that people with CFAP missed an average of 12 days of work annually due to illness compared to 4 missed days for people without gastrointestinal symptoms. Also, the number of doctor visits in a year averaged 11 for those with CFAP compared with only 2 for those without CFAP.
View our online 2012 annual report. The Coalition was founded in 1993 as the nation's only anti-fraud alliance speaking for consumers, insurance companies, government agencies and others. We are helping to unify America's fraud fight. In just a few short years, we've become the voice of the anti-fraud community and a trusted source of information on all aspects of insurance fraud. Among our achievements...
T he CRSP Mutual Fund Database is designed to facilitate research on the historical performance of open-ended mutual funds by using survivor-bias-free data. The CRSP Survivor-Bias-Free US Mutual Fund Database includes a history of each mutual fund’s name, investment style, fee structure, holdings, and asset allocation. Also included are monthly total returns, monthly total net assets, monthly/daily net asset values, and dividends. Additionally, schedules of rear and front load fees, asset class codes, and management company contact information are provided. All data items are for publicly traded open-end mutual funds and begin at varying times between 1962 and 2008 depending on availability. The database is updated quarterly and distributed with a monthly lag. It is delivered in ASCII and SAS formats. Results were independently verified by a dedicated group of database researchers which included random sample selection when appropriate. Known Biases in mutual fund data The returns histories are sometimes duplicated in the database. For example, if a fund started in 1962 and split into four share classes in 1993, each new share class of the fund is permitted to inherit the entire return/performance history. This can create a bias when averaging returns across mutual funds. A selection bias favoring the historical data files of the best past performing private funds that became public does exist. The SEC has recently begun permitting some funds (and eventually probably all funds) with prior returns histories as private funds to add these returns onto the beginning of their public histories. The effect of this is that only the successful private fund histories are included in the database.
Additional index words. Lycopersicon esculentum, homeowner application, temperature, passive hydroponics. Abstract. Greenhouse tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) were grown in a glass greenhouse at the Seminole Com munity College Horticultural Unit in Sanford, FL for two grow ing seasons (1996-97,1997-98) to determine the feasibility of a passive non-circulating, low-tech water culture system. Water and nutrients were added to troughs lined with 6-mil poly and covered by 4' x 8' insulation panels. Tomatoes in 4" azalea pots were placed in holes on the panels so that the bottom of the pots barely touched the water. An air space was maintained below the panel. Marketable yields during 13 weeks of harvest averaged 13.6 lbs. per plant the 1st season and 9.4 lbs. per plant the 2nd season. Marketable yields and plant vigor de clined when daytime greenhouse temperatures were consis tently over 90 F in June of 1997 and May of 1998. No significant yield differences were found between tomato cvs. Trust and Match. Suspending a screen in the water for root attachment did not significantly affect yields. The simple system design and maintenance makes it suitable for homeowner, hobbyist, or school demonstration applications provided that ideal tem peratures for greenhouse tomatoes can be maintained. Introduction New passive hydroponic systems were developed at the Asian Vegetable Research Center in Taiwan (Anon., xxxx) and studied further by B.A. Kratky and colleagues at the Uni versity of Hawaii (Kratky et al., 1988; Kratky, 1993; Kratky, 1996). These systems are low tech and relatively inexpensive compared to traditional hydroponics. Preliminary work in Florida (Fedunak and Tyson, 1997) found that short season lettuce crops performed well in a passive hydroponic system. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Journal Series No. N-01695.
DMR-5538 Thicker than most thick valve cover gaskets this double extra thick .300” cork valve cover gaskets fits 330-350-400-425-455 Oldsmobile engines. Especially helpful when more rocker arm clearance is needed. DMR-5538 DMR-5538-2 Thicker than most thick valve cover gaskets this double extra thick .250” two ply cork and Velpoloid valve cover gaskets fits 330-350-400-425-455 Oldsmobile engines. Especially helpful when more rocker arm clearance is needed. BUL-500004 Extra clearance cast aluminum valve covers by Bulldog Performance. May be engraved, polished, and/or powder coated. Rounded edges for a cleaner look. DMR-8544 DMR-25295 Oldsmobile cast aluminum extra tall valve covers with Oldsmobile logo in block letters & Olds rocket emblems fore and aft next to “Oldsmobile”. Will fit all roller rocker arm systems and rocker arm stud girdle. WILL NOT WORK WITH A/C OR POWER BRAKE BOOSTER. DMR-8544 Stock height, stamped steel (no name), highly polished triple chrome plated valve covers with baffles. One hole for push-in breathers. Will fit all Oldsmobile V-8 engines 1964 to present. 10 bolt holes. Sold in pairs.
Dear Mr. Chairman: In August 1993, the Congress authorized the 10-year Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community program to help selected distressed communities develop comprehensive approaches for dealing with their social and economic problems. In December 1994, over 100 communities were designated as federal empowerment zones and enterprise communities. These communities will receive about $1 billion in federal grants, as well as tax benefits for certain businesses located in the communities.1 In 1997, the Congress authorized the designation of 22 additional empowerment zones, 2 of which—Los Angeles and Cleveland—the administration has already designated. In addition, Members of the Congress have introduced legislative proposals to further extend this program or provide for similar programs.2 To learn how the program is working, you asked us to (1) examine the progress made by the federal empowerment zones in implementing the program, (2) describe the steps taken by the two responsible federal agencies—the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)—to monitor and evaluate the existing zones’ progress, and (3) describe the status of steps to designate the second group of empowerment zones. This report focuses on six zones that we visited—three urban (Atlanta, Baltimore, and New York City) and three rural (the Rio Grande Valley, the Kentucky Highlands, and the Mississippi Mid-Delta) empowerment zones, all of which were designated in 1994. As agreed with your office, the report focuses on the empowerment zones’ progress in implementing economic development activities.
The Truth about Teeth Whitening Who doesn’t want a bright white smile? Fortunately, we have many choices in whitening products to choose from to achieve a beautiful white smile. This guide provides information on different teeth whitening procedures, answers commonly asked questions about teeth whitening, and lets you know what foods and beverages are most likely to stain your teeth. This guide ends with information on the White Smile for Life program that Friendly Smiles Cosmetic Dentistry offers to its patients in which enrolled patients get free teeth whitening for life!* Stacey Sell has been a Dental Hygienist since 1995 and enjoys helping many people achieve bright and healthy smiles. She started out as a Dental Assistant in 1992 and soon after that, decided that she wanted to continue her education and was accepted into the dental hygiene program in 1993 at North Dakota State College of Science. Stacey graduated with an Associate's degree in Dental Hygiene in 1995. She has been a part of the Friendly Smiles Team since January 2006 and enjoys working with Dr. Barfield and the rest of the team immensely. Her main focus is as Clinical Manager at Friendly Smiles but she also enjoys working in hygiene as well. Stacey loves being able to have the opportunity to help people achieve a bright and healthy smile that they will enjoy forever.
Insulin resistance plays a significant role in numerous and frequent conditions (Reaven, 1988; Human Reproduction Volume 12 Supplement 1 1997 Ferrannini, 1993; Moller, 1993), various physiological states (puberty, elderly, sedentarity, etc.), important pathological entities (obesity, diabetes mellitus, essential hypertension, dyslipidaemias, etc.), and several pharmacological treatments (corticoids, some antihypertensive agents, oral contraceptives, etc.). More particularly, resistance to insulin is a key element of the so-called syndrome X which plays a major role in the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (Reaven, 1988; DeFronzo and Ferrannini, 1991; Lefebvre, 1993; Scheen, 1996a). Furthermore, insulin resistance plays a significant role in women and human reproduction since decreased insulin sensitivity has been described during pregnancy, in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) (Poretsky, 1991), after menopause (Khaw, 1992), as well as during treatment with various contraceptive pills (Gaspard and Lefebvre, 1990; Godsland et al, 1993b; Godsland and Crook, 1994). It is thus crucial not only to have adequate methods to measure insulin action (Scheen et al., 1994b; Scheen and Lefebvre, 1996), but also to develop new strategies to improve insulin sensitivity (Vialettes and Silvestre, 1992; Scheen and Lefebvre, 1993; Donnelly and Morris, 1994; Lefebvre and Scheen, 1995). The purpose of the present review is to describe the main approaches currently used for the treatment of insulin resistance in humans, as well as to consider two gynaecological potential applications, i.e. PCOS and menopause. Non-pharmacological approaches Several easy and inexpensive non-pharmacological approaches may result in significant improvement in insulin action (Figure 1; Sharma, 1992). European Society for Human Reproduction & Embryology
Notes: 1980-1982 cars use ceramic fuses! 1980-1982 cars had a recall for the fuel pump relay. These cars should have a relay bypass adapter installed in the original fuel pump relay location (position L), which is then connected to the fuel pump relay that has been relocated to the top of the panel. If your car has factory-installed heated seats, the relays for this option are under each front seat (#443919533A). If your car has a factory-installed 2-stage after-run cooling fan system ('88+), the relay for this fan is mounted to the left front fender (#141951253B). If your car has a factory-installed power windows, there is a control unit beneath the dash on the passenger side (#191959875). If your car has a factory-installed power top, there is a covered thermo-fuse above the relay panel. Relays for options/equipment not shown in the diagrams (part numbers follow): o Intake manifold heating ~ carburetor (#171906383) o Intake manifold heating ~ EX, EW, DX engines (#191906383C) o Daytime running lights (#701919505) o Headlight washers (#701955200) o Fog lamps (#141951253B) o Power convertible top (#141951253B) o Power windows ~ Europe (#141951253B) o Temperature sensor (#191906086) ALL 1983-1993 Cabriolets have CE1 electrics.
This informational publication is dated 9/2009 and replaces and supersedes all prior publications containing related information. Control Arms Wheel Studs, M12-1.5 520-579 520-580 610-460 VW EOS 2008-07, Jetta 2008-05, Front Left Lower VW EOS 2008-07, Jetta 2008-05, Front Right Lower Volvo S40 2004-00, V40 2004-00, Front Wheel Bolts Wheel Bolts Wheel Bolts 610-467 610-498 610-520 Audi A4, A6, A8, Allroad, Phaeton, S4, S6, S8, TT 2008-00, Front Mercedes 2008-86, Front BMW X5 2005-02, Front Wheel Nuts M12-1.5 Nut Covers, Push-Type Control Arm Bushings 611-218 611-625 905-801 Volvo S40 2004-00, V40 2004-00, Front VW Cabrio 2002-95, Chrome BMW 3 Series 2006-99, Z4 2006-03 Trailing Arm Bushings Wheel Hubs Wheel Hubs 905-900 930-100 930-801 VW Beetle 2005-98, Golf 2005-99, Jetta 2005-99, TT 2006-00 CHASSIS Control Arms Saab 9-3 2003-99, 9-5 2001-99, 900 1998-94, Front Left VW VW 1.6, 1.8, 1.9, 2.0, 2.8L 2002-90, Front Left Wheel Hubs 930-802 Audi, VW A4 2002-96, Passat 2005-98, Front Left 2 For a complete list of products, see applications beginning on page 7. 2900070 www.DormanProducts.com Wheel Hubs CHASSIS 930-800 Audi, VW Beetle, Corrado, Golf, Jetta, Passat, TT 2007-92, Front Left PCV Elbows Breather Hose Assemblies 42348 47050 47085 VW VW 1.6, 1.8, 1.9, 2.0L 1998-83 VW Beetle, Cabrio, Golf, Jetta, Passat 1999-93, Engine Breather Hose Audi, VW A6, Beetle, Cabrio, Golf, Jetta, Passat, Touareg 2005-93 Fuel Tanks Fuel Tanks Air Intake Hoses 576-551 576-950 696-803 BMW 3 Series 1993-88 Volvo 240, 242, 244, 245, 262, 264, 265 1993-79 BMW 5 Series 1994, 7 Series 1995-93 Fuel Line Retainer Clips Fuel Line Retainer Clips 800-021 800-027 VW Golf, Jetta 2003-99, Supply & Return Audi, VW Beetle, Golf, Gti, Jetta, TT 2007-98, Supply; Fuel Pump To Fuel Filter For a complete list of products, see applications beginning on page 7. 2900070 Can’t Find it Here? Call Our New Product Hotline 1-800-336-3575 FUEL & EMISSIONS PCV Grommets 3 45396 77149 525-700 VW Beetle, Cabrio, Corrado, Dasher, Eurovan, Golf, Jetta, Passat 2003-74 VW Cabrio 1999-95, Golf 1999-93, Jetta 1999-93, Front Left VW 1.8, 1.9, 2.0, 2.8L 2002-90 Wiper Motors Window Regulators 601-400 740-484 Audi, VW A4, A6, A8, Beetle, Golf, GTI, Jetta, Passat, S4, S8, TT 2004-98 VW 1.8, 1.9, 2.0, 2.5, 2.8L 2007-90 BMW 3 Series 2005-98, Front Left Window Regulators Door Lock Actuators Splash Guards 740-485 746-504 924-200 BMW 3 Series 2005-98, Front Right BMW 3 Series 1999-95, Z3 2002-96 VW Beetle 2007-98, Golf 2006-98, GTI 2007-06, Jetta 2008-99, Front Center Cup Holders Side View Mirrors Side View Mirrors 924-806 955-443 955-444 BMW 5 Series 2003-95 BRAKES Clock Springs 525-701 4 Exterior Door Handle Clock Springs BODY Hood Prop Rod Retainers VW Golf 2006-00, GTI 2006, Jetta 2006-00, Left VW Golf 2006-00, GTI 2006, Jetta 2006-00, Right Oversize Caliper Bolts ABS Sensors 13894 970-037 BMW, Jaguar, Mercedes, Saab, Volvo, VW 2002-82, Front, Oversize Audi, VW 2007-92, Front Left For a complete list of products, see applications beginning on page 7. 2900070 www.DormanProducts.com ABS Sensors With Harness 970-038 970-039 Audi, VW 2007-92, Front Right VW Cabrio, Golf, Jetta 2002-95, Rear Left Oil Drain Plugs Oil Drain Plugs 49811 090-164 090-165 Volvo 850, C70, S40, S60, S70, S80, V50, V70, XC70, XC90 2007-93 Mercedes 2001-74, M14-1.50 Thread BMW 5 Series 2003-94, 7 Series 2003-94, 8 Series 1995-94, X5 2003-00 Oil Drain Plugs Oil Drain Plugs Oil Pans 090-168 090-170 264-701 Jaguar Vanden Plas 1997-93, XJ 1997-93, M20-2.50 Thread Audi, VW 90 1995, A4 2001-95, A6 2001-95, Cabriolet 1998-95, Passat 2005-98 VW Beetle 2007-98, Golf 2005-99, Jetta 2005-99 Oil Pans Harmonic Balancers Exhaust Manifolds 264-800 594-154 674-585 Saab 9-3 2003-99, 900 1998-93 Saab 9-5 2002-99, 900 1997-94, 9000 1997-95 Volvo 850 1997-94, C70 1998, S70 2000-98, V70 2004-98 Manifold Convertors Ignition Distributors Oil Filter Caps 674-833 690-174 917-003 Saab S80 2004-02 VW Cabrio, Golf, Jetta, Passat 1996-93 Saab 9-3 2003 For a complete list of products, see applications beginning on page 7. 2900070 Can’t Find it Here? Call Our New Product Hotline 1-800-336-3575 ENGINE Valve Cover Seals BRAKES ABS Sensors