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Diesel ECU and Fuel Injector Drivers VISHAY components used for diesel ECU include: • Power MOSFETS • Diodes • Capacitors • Resistors • Inductors / EMI Filters • Transient / Overvoltage Protection Devices • ESD Protection Devices • Reverse Polarity Protection Devices Application Overview Electronic control of diesel engines for passenger cars and commercial vehicles is a critical function in today"s automotive industry. All functions in a modern diesel engine are controlled by an electronic control unit (ECU) that communicates with an elaborate array of sensors placed at strategic locations throughout the engine to monitor everything from engine speed to coolant and oil temperatures to piston position. Efficient electronic control means that fuel burns more thoroughly, delivers more power, provides greater fuel economy, and generates fewer emissions than yesterday"s diesel engines. Modern direct-injection diesel engines produce low amounts of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons, reactive nitrogen compounds (NOx), and particulate matter (PM). VISHAY's broad product line provides component solutions for power supplies (SMPS), input signal conditioning, fuel injector drivers, relay drivers, solenoid drivers, and vehicle communications. page 2 Diesel ECU and Fuel Injector Drivers : CAN-BUS, ESD Protection Ceramic Capacitors Product Name Status VJ...31/ VJ...34 Automotive Description SMD Ceramic Capacitor Solutions High Temperature Application Boardflex-Sensitive Applications Features 1.0pF…1µF 10Vdc ... 3000Vdc Package Q-Level SMD 0402…1812 Small-Signal Diodes Product Name Status Description Features Package GL05T Low Capacitance ESD Protection; Data Line Protection; Ppk=300W, Vrrm=70V, Ippm=17A SMD SOT-23 GL24T Low Capacitance ESD Protection; Data Line Protection; Ppk=300W, Vrrm=70V, Ippm=5A Q-Level SMD SOT-23 Thick Film Resistors Product Name Status Description Features Package Q-Level CRCW0402 Bulk Resistors, Pulse-Resistant; Good Long-Term Stability; 1R..10M, 1%, TCR100 SMD 0402 AEC Q200 CRCW0603 Bulk Resistors, Pulse-Resistant; Good Long-Term Stability; 1R..10M, 1%, TCR100 SMD ...
Alternative Fuel Injectors Advanced components for Hydrogen and CNG applications H2 and CNG Injectors At Quantum we design, manufacture, and market state-of-the-art Type IV fuel storage tanks and gaseous fuel components. Connector: Injector mates with AMP™ connector Supply Voltage: 8-16 Volts typical Resistance: 2.05 +/- 0.25 Ω at 20°C Inductance: 3.98 +/- 0.3 mH at 1000 Hz typical Drive Circuit: Peak and Hold Quantum Part # Description 110764 100078 Hydrogen injector CNG injector The Quantum alternative fuel injector is designed for multi-port internal combustion engine applications and for metering hydrogen in fuel cells. Existing liquid fuel injector designs suffer from premature failure in dry gas applications and are subject to both orifice contamination and flow capacity limitations for today’s applications. The Quantum injector provides freedom from frictional wear and sticking to enhance durability. Quantum’s alternative fuel injectors have been designed and tested to achieve over 500 million cycles with CNG and over 150 million cycles with hydrogen. Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide Inc. 25242 Arctic Ocean Drive, Lake Forest, CA 92630 An ISO / TS 16949 Certified Company Voice. 949 930 3497 Fax. 949 930 3401 Email. email@example.com Web. www.qtww.com Fuel Systems Division Alternative Fuel Injector Specifications Description Length Diameter (max) Flow capacity (Static) Dynamic Flow Rate Working Pressure Durability Hydrogen Durability CNG Pulse period (Frequency) Peak/Hold current levels Internal (Tip) Leakage External Leakage Specifications 80 mm 24.5mm (excl. connector) 3.2g/s @ 345kPa (50psi) tested with air 8.5 mg/pulse @ 3.5 ms pulse width (air) 345kPa (50psi) 150 million cycles 500 million cycles 10 ms (100Hz) 4/1 amps Max 0.50 SCCM Nitrogen @ 345 kPa Max 0.05 SCCM Nitrogen @ 345 kPa The Quantum injector is a low impedance device requiring a peak and hold drive circuit. The system voltage is supplied during the peak current time followed by a hold current for the remainder of the pulse. Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide Inc. 25242 Arctic Ocean Drive, Lake Forest, CA 92630 An ISO / TS 16949 Certified Company Voice. 949 930 3497 Fax. 949 930 3401 Email. firstname.lastname@example.org Web. www.qtww.com
Nutrient Solution Formulation for Hydroponic (Perlite, Rockwool, NFT) Tomatoes in Florida1 George J. Hochmuth and Robert C. Hochmuth2 Plants require 16 elements for growth and these nutrients can be supplied from air, water, and fertilizers. The 16 elements are carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), nitrogen (N), sulfur (S), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), boron (B), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), molybdenum (Mo), and chlorine (Cl). The key to successful management of a fertilizer program is to ensure adequate concentrations of all nutrients throughout the life cycle of the crop. Inadequate or excessive amounts of any nutrient result in poor crop performance. Excessive amounts can be especially troublesome since they can damage the crop, waste money and fertilizer resources, and pollute the environment when fertilizer is released during flushing of the nutrient delivery system. problem comes early in the season when plants become too vegetative (bullish) from too much N. The bullish growth distorts the leaves and stems, causing cracks and grooves in the stems. These openings are excellent entry ports for decay-causing organisms such as soft rot. Bullish plants usually produce misshapen fruits often with significant amounts of blossom-end rot and cat-facing. Keeping the N level low (60 to 70 parts per million) early in the season helps eliminate bullishness. For Florida greenhouse vegetable producers, management focuses on all nutrients except for C, H, and O. The latter three elements are usually supplied in adequate amounts from air and water. Growers in northern climates, where greenhouses are not ventilated in the winter, see benefits from additions of C from carbon dioxide (CO2). Increased yields in Florida from additions of CO2 are unlikely due to the need for frequent ventilation. Nutrient management programs should begin with an understanding of the nutrient solution concentrations in parts per million (ppm) for the various nutrients required by tomato plants. By managing the concentrations of individual nutrients, growers can control the growth and yield of the crop. Table 1 presents the fertilizer recommendations for tomatoes for the various growth stages during the season in Florida. These recommendations are applicable to all types of production systems (perlite, rockwool, and NFT) in which healthy roots are maintained, and are a suitable base when determining a nutrient solution plan for cucumbers and peppers. However, cucumbers will need more N early in the season than tomato.
Safety Recall D0H (D1H) - Preliminary Notice Certain 2010 Model Year Prius Vehicles Brake Booster Pump Assembly (Accumulator) Customer Frequently Asked Questions Published Early June, 2013 We at Toyota care greatly about your safety while we prepare the remedy for this condition. We are providing the following information to keep you informed of the recall details. Please check back frequently as this document will be updated. Q1: A1: What is the condition? The subject vehicles are equipped with brake pressure accumulators consisting of a metal plunger containing brake fluid encased in a metal housing. The plunger is designed with metal pleated bellows to allow for motion. Nitrogen gas is sealed between the plunger and housing. There is a possibility that a fatigue crack could develop in the bellows due to the vertical vibration of the plunger while driving. If this occurs, nitrogen gas could leak into the brake fluid and gradually cause the brake pedal stroke to become longer, resulting in decreased hydraulic pressure. Under certain circumstances, this condition could affect stopping distance and increase the risk of a crash. Q1a: A1a: Q1b: A1b: Q2: A2: What is the Brake Pressure Accumulator? Brake fluid is discharged by the Brake Booster Pump and passes through a check valve where it is then stored in the accumulator. The brake fluid that is stored in the accumulator provides the hydraulic pressure that is needed for brake operation. What is the cause of the condition? The cause of this condition is insufficient strength of components inside the brake pressure accumulator. Are there any warnings that this condition exists? Yes. You may notice a squeak from the engine compartment during brake application. Additionally, the brake pedal may have a longer stroke and/or spongy feeling. If this condition is present, the warning lights listed in the table below may illuminate and the skid control buzzer may sound. Warning Lights Brake System Warning Light (red indicator) Brake System Warning Light (yellow indicator) ABS Warning Light Master Warning Light Please note that the warning lights shown above may also illuminate for conditions not related to this Safety Recall. Page 1 of 2 © 2013 Toyota Motor Sales, USA Q2a: A2a: Q3: A3: What if I experience the warnings described before the remedy is available? If you experience one or more of the warnings described above, please contact your local authorized Toyota dealer for diagnosis and repair. If the condition is related to this Safety Recall, the repair will be performed at No Charge to you. What is Toyota going to do? Toyota is currently preparing the remedy for this condition. Once preparations are complete, Toyota will send an owner notification letter by first class mail to owners of vehicles covered by this Safety Recall. When available, the remedy will entail an inspection and, if necessary, replacement of the Brake Booster Pump Assembly at No Charge. Q3a: A3a: When does Toyota anticipate the remedy will be available? Toyota is currently working on obtaining the remedy parts for this Safety Recall. Toyota anticipates it will take several weeks to prepare a sufficient quantity of remedy parts. Q3b: A3b: How does Toyota obtain my mailing information? Toyota uses industry provider who works with each states Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to receive registration or title information, based upon the DMV records. Please make sure your registration or title information is correct. Q3c: When the remedy becomes available, do I need my owner letter to have the remedy performed? You do not need an owner letter to have this recall completed; however, to assist the dealer in confirming vehicle eligibility, we request that you present this notice at the time of your service appointment.
West Hills Honda: Additional Service & Maintenance Options AIR CONDITIONING Service Four WAY WHEEL Alignment Evacuate system, vacuum leak test, & recharge A/C system with up to 1.0 lbs. R134a refrigerant. Perform a performance test and visually inspect for leaks. Set front caster and toe. Inspect steering linkage & shocks. Check tire wear & pressure. Brake System Flush Transmission Service Removes moisture and other contaminants from your brake system. We flush entire system and install new brake fluid. By making it a regular part of your vehicle’s maintenance program, you help extend the life of your transmission. 169.95 79.95 $ 69.95 $ Coolant SYSTEM Service Replace engine coolant (one gallon), drain & pressure test cooling system. 89.95 $ $ 69.95 $ Automatic or Manual Transmissions. CVT add $10.00. Timing Belt Replacement Replacement of this vital engine part to maximize performance & reliability. Recommended every 105,000 miles or 84 months. See service advisor for pricing. NITROGEN FOR YOUR TIRES Fuel System Cleaning (MOTORVAC) • Honda factory trained and certified technicians know your Honda better than anyone else. • State of the art Service and Parts Departments with the latest diagnostic equipment and tools available. • Professional service advisors and technicians to assist you with all of your automotive needs. • Competitive pricing on all maintenance & services offered. • Secure “Early Bird” drop off available. • Computerized service history of your Honda. • Extensive genuine Honda parts inventory. • Rental cars and free shuttle service within local area. • All service installed parts are warranted for 12 months/12,000 miles. • Complimentary lattés and coffee served in our comfortable waiting area and Bean Counter Café. Reasons Why You Should Purchase Only Genuine Honda Parts At West Hills Honda: Genuine Honda Parts & Accessories deliver the fit, reliability & performance you want. They also are covered by your factory warranty, giving you peace of mind to go along with great looks. Your Honda vehicle deserves nothing less! Genuine Honda Parts and Accessories will enhance the experience of owning your Honda. A visit to our Parts and Accessories Department is well worth your time. Perhaps there is a particular accessory that will make your Honda vehicle more personalized. Or, you can purchase a personal item that will serve as a reminder of the satisfaction and enjoyment that driving your Honda brings.
PRODUCT FEATURES/ APPLICATIONS • Negative working, aqueous processable dry film photoresist. • Three layer package • Suitable for application with acid and alkaline etchant solutions. • Compatible with acid copper, tin, tin/lead, nickel sulfamate, and acid gold electrolytic plating baths. • • Strong Print-Out (Phototropic) Image after exposure. MX5000 series is compatible with the following typical surfaces: Silicon Silicon Nitride Sputtered copper Sputtered gold • MX5000 series exhibits good adhesion to: Glass Polymers Other metals and oxides Resist Thickness: 15, 20, 30, 40, 50μm Unexposed Color in Yellow Light: Light Green Exposed Color in Yellow light: Dark Blue MX5000 is capable of tenting (bridging) over features already etched on the surface. This property is highly dependant on feature size, polymer thickness, and lamination conditions. DS04-109 (0409) 1 PART 1: SURFACE PREPARATION PART 3: POST-LAMINATION HOLD TIME Surface must be free of any kind of organic contamination and metal oxides from previous processes. It is recommended, whenever possible, to clean the surface with light acid solution (2-3% sulfuric acid solution) followed by D.I. water rinse and dry with nitrogen gas. Cleaning immediately prior to lamination is recommended to remove surface particles and avoid recontamination. All photoresists experience some change in photospeed and line widths held over time following lamination. Results differ depending on resist type, duration of hold time, and the relative humidity (RH) under which the panels are stored prior to exposure. Low to moderate RH (e.g. 2050%) has less effect than very high RH (e.g.80-98%). Do not exceed hold time of 5 days. PART 2: LAMINATION PART 4: Post-lamination bake (optional) The optional process step can be used to assure full resist adhesion. Post lamination bake (PLB) is recommended to enhance film adhesion on extra smooth surfaces and/or for aggressive applications. Oven Bake: Temperature: Dwell Time: 55 - 75°C (122-158°F); 65°C preferred. 15 - 20 min; 20 min preferred. Hot Plate Bake: Temperature: 90 - 110°C (194-230°F); 100°C preferred. Dwell Time: 20 - 80 sec; 45 preferred. The main objective of the lamination step is to provide intimate contact between the polymer and the substrate, eliminating any air entrapment, ensuring the polymer flows into the substrate cavities encountered on the surface roughness, maximizing the polymer adhesion. HRL Hot Roll Laminator Conditions • Roll Temperature 85 - 110°C (185-230°F); • Roll Speed: 95°C preferred 0.6 - 1.5 m/min (2-5 ft/ min); 1.2 m/min Note: Temperature will vary according to film thickness, substrate type, and process requirements. PART 5: EXPOSURE Note: Do not remove polyester coversheet film. Coversheet has minimum light absorption and provides protection against mask contamination. Note: MPF MX5000 has peak absorption at 365nm, i-line exposure lamps are highly recommended Note: 20 mW/cm2 or higher intensity is recommended for high resolution preferred • Pressure: 15 - 40 psig Recommended Exposure MX5000 Automatic Dry Photoresist Laminator (Taper) MX5015 MX5020 mJ/cm2 20 – 65 35 –105 MX5030 40 – 115 MX5040 MX5050 45 – 125 50 - 140 See equipment manufacturer recommendations.
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS) Table A–1 Molar mass, gas constant, and critical-point properties Table A–2 Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases Table A–3 Properties of common liquids, solids, and foods Table A–4 Saturated water—Temperature table Table A–5 Saturated water—Pressure table Table A–6 Superheated water Table A–7 Compressed liquid water Table A–8 Saturated ice–water vapor Figure A–9 T-s diagram for water Figure A–10 Mollier diagram for water Table A–11 Saturated refrigerant-134a— Temperature table Table A–12 Saturated refrigerant-134a— Pressure table Table A–13 Superheated refrigerant-134a Figure A–14 P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a Figure A–15 Nelson–Obert generalized compressibility chart Table A–16 Properties of the atmosphere at high altitude Table A–17 Ideal-gas properties of air Table A–18 Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2 Table A–19 Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2 Table A–20 Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2 Table A–21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide, CO Table A–22 Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H2 Table A–23 Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O Table A–24 Ideal-gas properties of monatomic oxygen, O Table A–25 Ideal-gas properties of hydroxyl, OH Table A–26 Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function of formation, and absolute entropy at 25°C, 1 atm Table A–27 Properties of some common fuels and hydrocarbons Table A–28 Natural logarithms of the equilibrium constant Kp Figure A–29 Generalized enthalpy departure chart Figure A–30 Generalized entropy departure chart Figure A–31 Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total pressure Table A–32 One-dimensional isentropic compressible-flow functions for an ideal gas with k ϭ 1.4 Table A–33 One-dimensional normal-shock functions for an ideal gas with k ϭ 1.4 Table A–34 Rayleigh flow functions for an ideal gas with k ϭ 1.4
Tujuan Proses Tersusunnya rencana pengadaan barang/jasa sesuai dengan kebutuhan perusahaan selama periode anggaran kerja dan dapat direalisasikan secara tepat waktu. Indikator Risiko Utama 1. Kebutuhan atas barang / jasa yang bersifat mendesak 2. Penyedia atas barang / jasa yang dibutuhkan jumlahnya sangat terbatas 3. Barang / jasa yang dibutuhkan tidak tersedia di pasar Risiko: 1. Rencana pengadaan barang dan jasa tidak disusun secara baik dan tepat waktu 2. Rencana pengadaan barang dan jasa tidak dapat direalisasikan 3. Rencana pengadaan barang / jasa tidak memperhitungkan kenaikan harga yang signifikan 4. Rencana pengadaan barang / jasa tidak mempertimbangkan ketersediaan barang / jasa yang dibutuhkan Pengendalian yang Dibutuhkan: 1. Penyusunan rencana pengadaan barang / jasa harus didasarkan pada kebutuhan atas barang / jasa dari seluruh unit kerja 2. Penyusunan rencana pengadaan barang / jasa harus mempertimbangkan waktu proses pengadaan dan pemenuhan atas barang / jasa terkait 3. Penyusunan rencana pengadaan barang / jasa harus memperhitungkan fluktuasi kenaikan harga dan ketersediaan barang / jasa yang dibutuhkan Definisi dan Terminologi: 1. Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa adalah kegiatan pengadaan barang dan jasa yang sudah direncanakan, dibutuhkan dan dilaksanakan oleh perusahaan dengan menggunakan dana perusahaan sesuai dengan yang telah dicantumkan dalam Rencana Kerja dan Anggaran Perusahaan. 2. Barang dan Jasa adalah semua bentuk produk dan / atau layanan yang dibutuhkan oleh Pengguna Barang dan Jasa 3. Penyedia Barang dan Jasa adalah badan usaha, termasuk BUMN, badan hukum, atau orang perseorangan / subjek hokum yang kegiatan usahanya menyediakan barang dan jasa. 4. Dokumen Pengadaan adalah dokumen yang disediakn oleh Pantia Pengadaan atau Unit Kerja yang berwenang sebagai pedoman dalam proses pembuatan dan penyampaian penawaran oleh penyedia barang ...
Dentists have expertise in providing anxiety and pain control for their patients. While anxiety and pain can be modified by psychological techniques, in many instances pharmacological approaches are required.1 Analgesia/anxiolysis is defined as diminution or elimination of pain and anxiety in a conscious patient.2 The patient responds normally to verbal commands. All vital signs are stable, there is no significant risk of losing protective reflexes, and the patient is able to return to preprocedure mobility. In children, analgesia/anxiolysis may expedite the delivery of procedures that are not particularly uncomfortable, but require that the patient not move.2 It also may allow the patient to tolerate unpleasant procedures by reducing or relieving anxiety, discomfort, or pain. The outcome of pharmacological approaches is variable and depends upon each patient’s response to various drugs. The clinical effect of nitrous oxide/oxygen inhalation, however, is more predictable among the majority of the population. Nitrous oxide is a colorless and virtually odorless gas with a faint, sweet smell. It is an effective analgesic/anxiolytic agent causing central nervous system (CNS) depression and euphoria with little effect on the respiratory system.3,4 Nitrous oxide has multiple mechanisms of action. The analgesic effect of nitrous oxide appears to be initiated by neuronal release of endogeneous opioid peptides with subsequent activation of opioid receptors and descending Gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors and noradrenergic pathways that modulate nociceptive processing at the spinal level. The anxiolytic effect involves activation of the GABAA receptor either directly or indirectly through the benzodiazepine binding site.5,6 Nitrous oxide has rapid uptake, being absorbed quickly from the alveoli and held in a simple solution in the serum. It is relatively insoluble, passing down a gradient into other tissues and cells in the body, such as the CNS. It is excreted quickly from the lungs. As nitrous oxide is 34 times more soluble than nitrogen in blood, diffusion hypoxia may occur. Studies7-9 have shown that children desaturate more rapidly than adolescents, and administering 100 percent oxygen to the patient once the nitrous oxide in a closed system has been terminated is important.7 Nitrous oxide causes minor depression in cardiac output while peripheral resistance is slightly increased, thereby maintaining the blood pressure.3 This is of particular advantage in treating patients with cerebrovascular system disorders...
You will need to know how plasma can convey like tremendous cutting abilities. Plasma is formed on improved temperatures in the event the atoms attain high vitality in addition to ionize within their individual nuclei as well as electrons. This electrons move in greatly substantial velocities and also the impact of which occurs ends in the actual discharge connected with quite a bit associated with atomic power. This particular active of one's allows for your plasma to own chopping consequence. Plasma blades function by transferring the gasoline via a thin cracking open and also providing this specific touching a power arc. The particular gasoline used might be nitrogen, breathable oxygen, argon or perhaps compressed oxygen. This specific leads to this temp of the propane to rise astronomically leading to the production associated with plasma. This kind of large energy launched will be handed down towards the precious metal under procedure with the electrical conductivity home with the