Found 453 related files. Current in page 1
In this article, we explore China’s social security system, which is especially complex because it is organized at the regional level. While the formal social security system only covers urban workers, some rural workers who move to the cities to work (the so-called “floating population”) are also covered. On account of China’s sheer size and legal diversity, the country’s social insurance system is among the most difficult in the world to navigate. The social security system in China consists of five different types of insurance, plus one mandatory housing fund, introduced in the chart below. How companies register and deregister their employees often varies depending upon the city and the employee’s location or residency. In many large cities (with some notable exceptions such as Beijing), the registration and deregistration of most employees can be completed online. Similar to withholding tax, companies can make monthly contributions to the fund via direct debit.
Patient Advisory for Stem Cell Therapy and Medical Tourism As stakeholders in cellular therapy, the undersigned professional organizations believe it is necessary to share the following important message with patients and families contemplating cell therapy or experimental stem cell procedures. In this document, best practices are outlined to assist patients and family members in their healthcare decisions. Controlled innovation in the context of patient safety is paramount as potential therapeutic products or procedures are researched, tested, advanced and proven. Our organizations have received questions and concerns from patients and this document presents an opportunity to address them. Introduction Advancement of clinical therapies is best done in the setting of rigorous and formal clinical trials and in a structured regulatory framework. This helps assure that safety considerations, professional peer review, and the management of patient rights and obligations are considered and addressed. Some procedures would be considered standard of care, because scientific studies have shown that they are safe and effective. Not all procedures offered to patients in all regions of the world are tested in this manner and not all geographical regions have regulations for cellular therapies or patient protection. Additionally, it is possible that some practitioners may offer stem cell procedures without following the existing regulations. Patients may be seeking treatment for incurable, potentially untreatable diseases and may be susceptible to false promises or may not have access to all of the information needed to make this important decision. As patients and families contemplate voluntarily accepting new procedures, some of which may be unproven or...
Gudeer.com supplies a wide selection of sweetheart formal dresses in many different styles that all at wholesale prices.
Looking for the cheap fashion affordable strapless formal dresses oneline for 2014? Wholesale strapless formal dresses from Gudeer.com are for sale now.
Shop spaghetti strap formal dresses online at affordable price for 2014, browse through our selection of spaghetti strap formal dresses at Gudeer.com.
Gudeer.com supplies a wide selection of affordable cheap high-low formal dresses oneline for 2014 in many different styles that all at wholesale prices.
Shop halter formal dresses online for 2014,gudeer.com offers a wide collection of adorable halter formal dresses for your selection.
Our objective was to demonstrate that, despite recognition by both the gastroenterology and headache communities, abdominal migraine (AM) is an under-diagnosed cause of chronic, recurrent, abdominal pain in childhood in the USA. Background.—Chronic, recurrent abdominal pain occurs in 9-15% of all children and adolescents. After exclusion of anatomic, infectious, inﬂammatory, or other metabolic causes, “functional abdominal pain” is the most common diagnosis of chronic, idiopathic, abdominal pain in childhood. Functional abdominal pain is typically categorized into one, or a combination of, the following 4 groups: functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, AM, or functional abdominal pain syndrome. International Classiﬁcation of Headache Disorders—(ICHD-2) deﬁnes AM as an idiopathic disorder characterized by attacks of midline, moderate to severe abdominal pain lasting 1-72 hours with vasomotor symptoms, nausea and vomiting, and included AM among the “periodic syndromes of childhood that are precursors for migraine.” Rome III Gastroenterology criteria (2006) separately established diagnostic criteria and conﬁrmed AM as a well-deﬁned cause of recurrent abdominal pain. Methods.—Following institutional review board approval, a retrospective chart review was conducted on patients referred to an academic pediatric gastroenterology practice with the clinical complaint of recurrent abdominal pain. ICHD-2 criteria were applied to identify the subset of children fulﬁlling criteria for AM. Demographics, diagnostic evaluation, treatment regimen and outcomes were collected. Results.—From an initial cohort of 600 children (ages 1-21 years; 59% females) with recurrent abdominal pain, 142 (24%) were excluded on the basis of their ultimate diagnosis. Of the 458 patients meeting inclusion criteria, 1824 total patient ofﬁce visits were reviewed. Three hundred eighty-eight (84.6%) did not meet criteria for AM, 20 (4.4%) met ICHD-2 formal criteria for AM and another 50 (11%) had documentation lacking at least 1 criterion, but were otherwise consistent with AM (probable AM). During the observation period, no children seen in this gastroenterology practice had received a diagnosis of AM. Conclusion.—Among children with chronic, idiopathic, recurrent abdominal pain, AM represents about 4-15%. Given the spectrum of treatment modalities now available for pediatric migraine, increased awareness of cardinal features of AM by pediatricians and pediatric gastroenterologists may result in improved diagnostic accuracy and early institution of both acute and preventative migraine-speciﬁc treatments. Key words: abdominal migraine, pediatric, children (Headache 2011;51:707-712)
Harry Potter Goes to Law School Lenora Ledwon "It is our choices, Harry, that show us what we truly are, far more than our abilities." -Professor Dumbledore' Law students read Harry Potter.' They read about him in between reading cases, statutes, codes, and other texts filled with magical words. (Sometimes they read about him instead of reading cases, statutes and codes.) Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry looks very much like a Harvard Law School for wizards, a school where students learn the secrets of magic words of power. Both types of schools offer explicit and implicit lessons about power, its acquisition, and its uses. Education offers student wizards and student lawyers alike the tools to become forces for evil or good in the world. Like all great novels of development, the Harry Potter stories ask one central question, "How shall I live in the world, for good or for ill?" This is an often unspoken question in law school, where concerns about grades, jobs and salaries can all too easily take precedence. Yet, it is one law students must face. What kind of practitioner will I become? Where will I seek the kind of "fierce JOy" that Harry finds in his Seeker role? And, most importantly, what will I choose to do with this power I am acquiring? This chapter explores the implications of the similarities between law school and wizard school by focusing on the topics of: (1) students; (2) professors; (3) studying and exams; and (4) academic culture. 1 conclude that the series of Harry Potter books can be read collectively as one overarching bildungsroman (or novel of development) and that this process of development is very simi1. Chamber of Secrets 333. 2. The Chronicle ofHigher Education, in its periodic surveys of the top ten books being read on college campuses, consistently lists Harry Potter books. My own informal polls of students in my Law and Literature courses confirm that Rawling's books are quite popular arnong law students.
Efectiva 2009 Estimada 2010 Efectiva 2010 Este crecimiento en la recaudación interna ha estado impulsado durante el 2010 principalmente por los impuestos que gravan el consumo de bienes y servicios o impuestos indirectos, los cuales presentaron un incremento de RD$12,238 millones respecto al 2009 (ver Gráfica 1.2). Dentro de este renglón, el mayor aumento lo presentó el Impuesto Selectivo Ad-Valorem sobre Hidrocarburos, con un crecimiento absoluto de RD$4,154.7 millones. Este comportamiento se explica en parte por el incremento en los precios internacionales del barril de petróleo. En segundo lugar se encuentra el ITBIS, el cual mostró un incremento de RD$3,083.1 millones. 1 Es importante aclarar que con fines de hacer los valores comparables, al calcular este crecimiento se sumó a la recaudación de la DGII el ingreso por Selectivo Hidrocarburos (Ley 112-00) que durante el 2009 fue recaudado por la Tesorería Nacional. Pág. 3 de 56 Informe de Recaudación Diciembre 2010 Gráfica 1.2 Recaudación acumulada enero-diciembre 2009 y 2010 En millones RD$ 192,313 183,765 200,000 180,000 170,736 160,000 140,000 125,737 120,000 121,081 108,843 100,000 80,000 61,893 66,576 62,684 60,000 40,000 20,000 Directos (Renta y Patrimonio) Efectivo 2009 Indirectos (Consumo) Estimado 2010 Total Efectivo 2010 En lo que respecta a la meta de recaudación contenida en el Presupuesto de Ingresos y Ley de Gastos Públicos del 2010, la DGII presenta al 31 de diciembre un déficit de RD$8,548.6 millones. Este déficit se debe principalmente a tres factores, los cuales se encuentran fuera del alcance de la DGII. Estos son: - La no modificación de las leyes de los impuestos sobre hidrocarburos, respecto a la indexación de los montos específicos de la Ley 112-00 y la racionalización de las exenciones, según fue establecido en el Acuerdo Stand-By con el Fondo Monetario Internacional; - El acuerdo entre las empresas acogidas a Pro-industria y la Dirección General de Aduanas para la retención del ITBIS en Aduanas en vez de en DGII, modificando lo establecido en la Ley 392-07 sobre Competitividad e Innovación Industrial. Vale destacar que dicho traslado no fue previsto al momento de realizar el Presupuesto del 2010. - La recaudación por concepto de Impuesto Sobre la Renta (ISR) de empresas (incluye las retenciones sobre la distribución de dividendos) se vio muy afectada durante el 2010 dado que la recaudación de dicho año corresponde al reporte de las operaciones del año fiscal 2009, año durante el cual el país sufrió las consecuencias de la crisis internacional, presentándose bajas en la actividad económica. ...