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# coolant outlet housing on a chrysler 300

### centrifugal pump selection, sizing, and interpretation of performance

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Pumps may be classified in two general types, dynamic and positive displacement. Positive displacement pumps are those in which energy is imparted to the liquid in a fixed displacement volume, such as a casing or a cylinder, by the rotary motion of gears, screws, or vanes, or by reciprocating pistons or plungers. Centrifugal pumps are dynamic pumps. Energy is imparted to the liquid by means of a disk with curved vanes rotating on a shaft called the impeller. The impeller imparts kinetic energy to the fluid by means of its shape and high rotational velocity. This energy is transformed to pressure energy when the fluid reaches the pump casing (see Figure 1-12). The pressure head difference between the inlet and the outlet, or Total Head produced by the pump, is proportional to the impeller speed and diameter. Therefore, to obtain a higher head, the rotational speed or the impeller diameter can be increased. To learn more about how a centrifugal pump increases a fluid's pressure, see reference 15. How a pump produces pressure is beyond the scope of this book, but an interesting experiment you can try at home will illustrate a similar process. A small plastic bottle is required to which a string is attached. Twist a rubber band around the bottle’s neck a few times and attach two 3-foot long strings, one on each side of the glass. Tie the other ends of the string together, fill the glass half full with water and hold it suspended from the strings. Start spinning. As you may have guessed, the fluid inside the glass will become pressurized. How do you know that the fluid is pressurized? To prove it to yourself, make a very small hole in the glass bottom. Make the hole just large enough for water to dribble through. Now spin the glass again. The water will spray out of the glass bottom no matter what its position, up or down. ...

### Centrifugal Pumps

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Centrifugal Pumps For today’s machinery and tomorrow’s demands, Hypro centrifugal pumps lead the industry! Pump capabilities range up to 440 gpm and 190 psi. With the largest selection of models, Hypro allows you to match the right pump to your equipment and task. Use Hypro centrifugal pumps for chemical spraying and transfer applications. The broad, versatile line includes models with rugged housings of cast iron, stainless steel and polypropylene that stand up to strong chemical attack. Stainless steel pumps are ideal for use with Roundup® or other acid applications. Polypropylene pumps are lightweight and provide excellent resistance to corrosive chemicals. Choose from gear, pedestal, , flange, DC clutch, hydraulic motor and belt drives, as well as models that are closed-coupled to gasoline engines. All of the Hypro centrifugal pumps share these quality features: : • Compatible with corrosive, abrasive and general use chemicals • Models with high volume (440 gpm), high pressure (190 psi) capabilities • Nylon, polypropylene, or GTX impellers on most models • Hydraulically-driven models feature high-efficiency, cast-iron hydraulic motor • Hydraulic motor equipped with proprietary double-lip Teflon seals • Life Guard® silicon carbide mechanical seals standard on all stainless steel pumps and available in select cast iron and polypropylene models (See page 53 for details.) • Viton mechanical seals standard on cast iron and polypropylene models • Standard shafts are stainless steel • Stainless steel wear ring for extended life on cast iron models • Hydraulically-driven pumps are max performance tested using proprietary software 15 15 Gear Driven, Cast Iron Series 9000C-O • Planetary oil-bath gear drive • Port sizes: 11⁄2" NPT inlet, 11⁄4" NPT outlet • Max. fluid temperature: 140°F/60°C • Housing: cast iron • Impeller: Nylon • Pump shaft rotation: CCW* • Weight: 44 lbs./20 kg • Pump seals: Viton/ceramic standard; Life Guard® silicon carbide (B) and Buna-N ceramic available Order Information Model Number Max GPM Max PSI Max RPM 9006C-O 117 78 600 9008C-O 110 75 1000 9016C-O 117 78 600 9018C-O 110 75 1000 9028C-O 110 75 1000 90029 110 75 1000 3430-0334 Seal and o-ring repair kit 3430-0591 Life Guard® silicon carbide seal kit Life Guard® silicon carbide seal - Add sufﬁx “B” (i.e.: 9006C-O-B) ...

### Centrifugal pump - Saylor.org

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Centrifugal pump A centrifugal pump is a rotodynamic pump that uses a rotating impeller to increase the pressure of a fluid. Centrifugal pumps are commonly used to move liquids through a piping system. The fluid enters the pump impeller along or near to the rotating axis and is accelerated by the impeller, flowing radially outward into a diffuser or volute chamber (casing), from where it exits into the downstream piping system. Centrifugal pumps are used for large discharge through smaller heads. History Warman centrifugal pump in a Coal Handling and Preparation Plant (CHPP) application According to Reti, the Brazilian soldier and historian of science, the first machine that could be characterized as a centrifugal pump was a mud lifting machine which appeared as early as 1475 in a treatise by the Italian Renaissance engineer Francesco di Giorgio Martini.[1] True centrifugal pumps were not developed until the late 17th century, when Denis Papin made one with straight vanes. The curved vane was introduced by British inventor John Appold in 1851. How it works Like most pumps, a centrifugal pumps converts mechanical energy from a motor to energy of a moving fluid; some of the energy goes into kinetic energy of fluid motion, and some into potential energy, represented by a fluid pressure or by lifting the fluid against gravity to a higher level. The transfer of energy from the mechanical rotation of the impeller to the motion and pressure of the fluid is usually described in terms of centrifugal force, especially in older sources written before the modern concept of centrifugal force as a fictitious force in a rotating reference frame was well articulated. The concept of centrifugal force is not actually required to describe the action of the centrifugal pump. In the modern centrifugal pump, most of the energy conversion is due Cutaway view of centrifugal pump to the outward force that curved impeller blades impart on the fluid. Invariably, some of the energy also pushes the fluid into a circular motion, and this circular motion can also convey some energy and increase the pressure at the outlet. The relationship between these mechanisms was described, with the typical mixed conception of centrifugal force as known as that time, in an 1859 article on centrifugal pumps, thus:[2] Centrifugal pump To arrive by a simpler method than that just given at a general idea of the mode of action of the exterior whirlpool in improving the efficiency of the centrifugal pump, it is only necessary to consider that the mass of water revolving in the whirlpool chamber, round the circumference of the wheel, must necessarily exert a centrifugal force, and that this centrifugal force may readily be supposed to add itself to the outward force generated within the wheel; or, in other words, to go to increase the pumping power of the wheel. The outward force generated within the wheel is to be understood as being produced entirely by the medium of centrifugal force if the vanes of the wheel be straight and radial; but if they be curved, as is more commonly A centrifugal pump uses a spinning "impeller," the case, the outward force is partly produced through the which normally has backward-swept blades that medium of centrifugal force, and partly applied by the vanes to directly push water outward. the water as a radial component of the oblique pressure, which, in consequence of their obliquity to the radius, they apply to the water as it moves outwards along them. On this subject it is well to observe that while the quantity of water...

### Understand the Basics of Centrifugal Pump Operation

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Fluids/Solids Handling Understand the Basics of Centrifugal Pump Operation By starting from such fundamentals as head and pressure, the authors have developed practical tips for specification and operation that provide for cost-effectiveness and reliability. Kimberly Fernandez, Bernadette Pyzdrowski, Drew W. Schiller and Michael B. Smith, KBR C entrifugal pumps are the most common type of kinetic pump, and are used most often in applications with moderate-to-high flow and low head. As the workhorse of the chemical process industries (CPI), centrifugals are almost always more economical to own, operate and maintain than other types of pumps. Parameters needed in specifying The process engineer is normally responsible for specifying the process requirements of the pump, including the conditions and physical properties of the liquid, and, most importantly, the ﬂowrate, pressure, density and viscosity. The ﬂowrate determines the capacity of the pump, and the head depends on the density and viscosity of the liquid. In general, the required ﬂowrate is determined by the material and energy balances. Design margins, typically between 0–25%, are added to the material-balance ﬂowrate to account for unexpected variations in properties or conditions, or to ensure that the overall plant meets its performance criteria. Also, minimum ﬂow protection is often added as continuous circulation. Occasionally, the required ﬂowrate (including design margins) may fall in the low range of that for centrifugal pumps. In such cases, a minimum-size pump rated for continuous service is speciﬁed, and the extra pump capacity is typically consumed by circulation from the discharge to the source. 52 www.cepmagazine.org May 2002 CEP During speciﬁcation, the maximum pressure a pump will develop during any aspect of operation, including startup, shutdown and upset conditions is determined. The shutoff pressure is the maximum pressure a pump will develop under zero-ﬂow conditions, which reﬂects a fully blocked outlet. Variables to consider when determining the design pressure include: • maximum pressure of the source (e.g., relieving pressure of a vessel) • maximum head developed by the pump (i.e., shutoff head) • maximum static head of the ﬂuid in the pump’s suction line • maximum pump operating speed (for variablespeed drives) • possibility of operator intervention during an upset. The head h is the most commonly used measurement of the energy at any point of the system, or of the system as a whole. It is deﬁned as: h=...

### Sanitary Centrifugal Pumps

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### ELECTRIC FIREPLACES - Hearth, Patio and Barbecue Association

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### Manual, 564 Electric - Fireplace Xtrordinair

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1. Prior to the first use of the fireplace verify the following: · Are the circuit breakers for the unit on? · Are the light bulbs in your fireplace loose? (to check, follow the instructions for replacing the light bulbs in the maintenance section of this manual) 2. The heater on your fireplace may emit a slight, harmless odor when first used. This odor is a normal condition caused by the initial heating of internal heater parts and will not occur again. 3. The information regarding the model of your fireplace can be found on the rating plate located on the back of the unit. 4. If you have any technical questions or concerns regarding the operation of your fireplace, or require service contact your Travis Industries, Inc. dealer before returning the product to the point of purchase. You can find a Travis dealer at www.travisproducts.com 3 IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS PLEASE RETAIN THIS USER’S GUIDE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE When using electrical appliances, basic precautions should always be followed to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock, and injury to persons, including the following: 1. Read all instructions before using the Fireplace. 2. The heater is hot when in use. To avoid burns, do not let bare skin touch hot surfaces. The trim around the heater outlet becomes hot during heater operation. Keep combustible materials, such as furniture, pillows, bedding, papers, clothes, and curtains at least 3 feet (0.9m) from the front of the unit. CAUTION: High Temperature. Keep electrical cords, drapery, and other furnishings at least 3FT (.9m) from the front of the heater and away from the side and rear. 3. Extreme caution is necessary when any heater is used by or near children or invalids and whenever the unit is left operating and unattended. 4. Always unplug the fireplace when not in use. 5. Do not operate any unit with a damaged cord or plug, or if the heater has malfunctioned, or if the fireplace has been dropped or damaged in any manner. Return heater to authorized service facility for examination, electrical or mechanical adjustment, or repair. 6. Do not use outdoors. 7. The fireplace is not intended for use in bathrooms, laundry areas and similar indoor locations. CAUTION RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT OPEN NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE...

### Practical User's Guide for Electric Fireplace - Menards

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When using electric fireplaces, basic precautions should always be followed to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock and injury to persons, including the following: 1. Read all instructions before using this heater. 2. This fireplace is hot when in use. To avoid burns, do not let bare skin touch hot surfaces, such as surfaces near the heater outlet or light bulbs. Keep combustible materials such as clothes, pillows, furniture, bedding, papers and curtains at least 3 feet from the front of this appliance. 3. CAUTION: Whenever the heater is left operating and unattended, extreme caution is necessary if children or invalids are nearby. 4. Do not install the fireplace directly on carpet or a similar surface, which may restrict air circulation beneath the unit. 5. Always unplug fireplace when not in use. Disconnect the heater by turning controls to off then remove plug from outlet. 6. Fireplace is designed for indoor and household use only. 7. This fireplace is not intended for use in wet locations such as bathrooms, laundry areas and similar indoor locations. Never locate fireplace where it may fall into a bathtub or other water container. 8. If the fireplace shows any signs of damage or if the heater has malfunctioned. Return fireplace to authorized service for examination, adjustment or repair. 9. Do not run cord under carpeting or route cord under furniture or appliance.. Do not cover cord with throw rugs and runners. Arrange cord away from traffic areas and where it will not be tripped over. 10. Do not insert or allow foreign objects to enter any ventilation or exhaust opening as this may cause an electric shock, fire, or may damage the heater. 11. To prevent a possible fire, do not block heater outlet or any ventilation or exhaust in any manner. 12. All electrical heaters have hot and arcing or sparking parts inside. Do not use it in areas where gasoline, paint, or flammable liquids are used or stored or where the unit will be exposed to flammable vapours. 13. Extension cord may become overheat and may cause a risk of fire. If you have to use an extension cord, the cord shall be 16AWG minimum size and rate not less than 125V/15A or 2500 watts. 14. Always use properly grounded, fused and polarized outlets. 15. Always use ground fault protection where required by electrical code. 16. Always disconnect power before performing any cleaning, maintenance or relocation of the fireplace. 17. This appliance is not intended for use by persons (including children) with reduced physical, sensory or mental capabilities, or lack of experience and knowledge, unless they have been given supervision or instruction concerning use of the appliance by a person responsible for their safety. Children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with the appliance. 18. CAUTION: In order to avoid a hazard due to inadvertent resetting of the thermal cutout, this appliance must not be supplied through an external switching device such as a timer, or connected to a circuit that is regularly switched on and off by the utility. 4|Page...

### Wall Mount Electric Fireplaces - Modern Flames

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Why Electric? • • • • • • • Low Operating Costs 100% Energy Efficient Safe and Affordable Can operate without heat for year-round use No Gas Lines/ Venting Requirements Only requires 110v outlet for install Easy Installation Why Modern Flames? Finally, Modern Flames has developed new technology that has made it possible for electric fireplaces to stand next to the real look of a gas or wood fireplace. Developed by engineers whose background is in the hearth industry who has perfected the new benchmark in electric fireplaces. Existing electric fireplace manufacturers have simply overlooked the importance of realism. With Modern Flames’ industry changing realistic flame pattern, consumers and designers alike can think of electric fireplaces as an upgrade to their existing real fireplaces or outdated electric fireplaces. Wall Mount Electric Fireplace AL-38 Real Stone Face Upgrade Don't have space for a long linear fireplace? The AL-38 is a perfect solution to get the linear look you want in a smaller space. This beautiful piece has a clean, crystal black glass face or optional real stone upgrades including; Absolute Black Granite, Honey Travertine & Dark Grey Limestone. Dark Grey Limestone Honey Travertine Absolute Black Granite w w w. m o d e r n f l a m e s . c o m Wall Mount Electric Fireplace AL-58 Real Stone Face Upgrade The original and still most popular size in the AL Series. The perfect length and proportion of beautiful electric fire and trim. Also has real stone optional upgrades including; Absolute Black Granite, Honey Travertine and Dark Grey Limestone. Dark Grey Limestone Honey Travertine Absolute Black Granite Wall Mount Electric Fireplace AL-95 Originally designed for commercial applications, which has become known as the “wall of fire,” is a quick and easy way to bring the wow factor into your home. Eight full feet of the most realistic electric flame available is the next hottest thing. w w w. m o d e r n f l a m e s . c o m

### Electric Fireplaces - Outdoor GreatRoom Co.

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