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EECE 418 – Pre-proposal: The Interface on the LG Chocolate ...

EECE 418 – Pre-proposal: The Interface on the LG Chocolate TG800 Cellular Phone Description I have chosen the interface of the LG Chocolate TG800, a popular last-generation GSM cellular phone. The LG Chocolate was originally marketed as a mid-level slide-up camera phone for the style-conscientious user. The TG800 is a slide phone; the phone is unlocked and ready to receive input when the top section of the cell phone is slid upwards, revealing a standard T9 keypad as indicated in the figure below. Figure 1: LG Chocolate TG800 Slide Phone The entire region surrounding and inside the silver box on the top of the phone acts as nine different buttons, all of which are touch-sensitive. On either side of the phone are two tactile buttons. The three interface problems I am addressing with the TG800 are: 1. User has no visual cues to suggest what the four short-cut arrows do. 2. The button which allows the user to access certain features during a call (such as to hold the call or mute) is immediately adjacent to the end-call button. 3. The buttons on one side of the phone allows for volume adjustments while the buttons on the other side of the phone allows the user to turn off the phone or hang up; it is easy to accidentally press the power button when we simply wish to adjust the volume. These problems will be explained in further detail in the next section. Analysis The LG Chocolate interface allows the user to access the various functions of the phone; the user can make a call, take photos with the built-in camera or listen to music stored on the internal memory, and perform many other tasks through the phone interface. As with most cellular phones, the user demographics of the LG Chocolate are extremely wide and varied. While the product may have been marketed towards young, style-savvy users, the LG Chocolate has been adopted by members of other demographics. The following is a very small sampling of possible functional and non-functional requirements of the LG Chocolate phone: Functional Requirements: 1. The interface must allow for the user to make calls from the default state by either inputting the number to be dialed on the keypad or the user may scroll through the contact list and select a contact to call. 2. The interface must allow for the user to access the phone’s additional features including the camera, media player, etc. 3. The interface must allow for the user to quickly answer incoming calls and disconnect when finished. 4. The interface must allow for the user to adjust the volume of the speaker during a call. 5. The interface must allow for the user to access advanced calling features mid-call. Non-Functional Requirements: 1. The interface must respond to user input in no more than 0.5 seconds at any given time. One major problem with the interface of the LG Chocolate is the use of the arrow shortcut keys. The arrow keys on the touch pad allow the user to navigate menus in a self-explanatory manner. However, when the phone is in the default state, immediately after sliding the cover up and unlocking the phone, the four arrows are mapped to different functions, allowing the user to bypass the traditional menu screen and access specific components of the phone’s features quickly. However, since there are no visual cues to represent what the arrows do, the user must rely solely on memory to determine which features map to these shortcut arrows. Unless the user remembers exactly what the arrows do, it is more efficient to simply navigate through the traditional menu system. Another problem with the LG Chocolate interface is that in order to access the phone’s...

Politics After Al-Qaeda - Conflicts Forum

POLICY PAPER CONFLICTS FORUM July 2011 Politics After Al-Qaeda Faisal Devji Released by the Pentagon following the American assassination of Osama bin Laden in Abbotabad, an already “iconic” image showing Al-Qaeda’s frail leader watching footage of himself on an antiquated television set inadvertently reveals some truths about the War on Terror. For one thing it is difficult to imagine this setting as part of a command centre for global terrorism. And for another the international reaction to Bin Laden’s assassination casts doubt on the US narrative of war and victory on a global scale. Crucial about this reaction, after all, has been the fact that people around the world seemed interested in the event primarily because of the extraordinarily pugnacious public response it generated in the US, and not for any reason of their own. Thus even in countries like Britain and Spain, which not so long ago had themselves been the victims of AlQaeda’s militancy, there was little if any public demonstration of satisfaction at Bin Laden’s death, though it continued to be the subject of massive media coverage precisely as an element in American politics. In the Muslim world, too, those who mourned the “Sheikh’s” death did so for a variety of reasons, many of which had more to do with local politics than anything so grand as a global war against the West. Indeed there was something curious about the endlessly replayed shots, in the American and European press, that attempted to demonstrate Osama bin Laden’s popularity among Muslims by showing his photograph being sold in Pakistani shops. For these images often had as their context pictures of other celebrities, like unveiled and heavily made up starlets from “Lollywood”, as the Punjabi film industry based in Lahore is known. Sold as a commodity Conflicts Forum: Beirut – London www.conflictsforum.org alongside posters of film stars and boxes of Barbie dolls, the popularity of Bin Laden’s photograph surely says nothing about that of the jihad he advocated. His celebrity status, I imagine, has more to do with the fact that Osama bin Laden was dignified by America as her greatest enemy and had thus gained a degree of infamy with little connection to Pakistani concerns. He had become just another iconic commodity to his fans. Of course Al-Qaeda’s spectacular attacks, notably those of 9/11, were impressive enough to win it a certain admiration, sometimes for aesthetic as much as religious or political reasons, but it is not clear how much of this translated into material support. And today even antiAmerican sentiment among Muslims appears to have abandoned global terrorism as its model and moved in other directions. It is only the US public that continues to be mesmerised by Osama and his gang, which is appropriate enough given that they had always been a factor of America’s domestic politics. So the political use to which President Obama put Bin Laden’s killing was nothing more than a fulfilment of his predecessor’s strategy, which consisted of using fears about security to consolidate his power at the national level. I am not, however, making the extravagant claim that the Bush administration simply used the 9/11 attacks in a cynical exercise to bolster its support, nor that the United States used them as an excuse to remake the world in its own image. On the contrary, I think that the US was and continues to be unable to engage in a global politics after the Cold War. If US administrations during the Cold War were naturally interested in securing America’s economic and political dominance, they were also fighting for a vision of the world that was greater than their self-interest. But the collapse of the Soviet Union meant that US geopolitics suddenly shrank to become merely an aspect of its domestic concerns. Her global victory, in other words, domesticated America’s politics, so the nation’s greatest enemies could now only be internal ones. Surely the escalating tension between liberals and conservatives in the US, whose mutual hatreds had their origin in the culture wars of the 1980s, demonstrates the truth of this situation. Neoconservative thinkers had recognized the novelty of this withdrawal from geopolitics very soon after the Soviet collapse, though they saw it as a sign of America’s victorious domination of the global arena. Thus Francis Fukuyama’s celebrated “end of history” thesis, as elucidated in his 1992 book The End of History and the Last Man, was the first 2 important statement about America’s inability to engage in a global politics, now seen merely as an extension of her domestic conflicts and interests. While ostensibly disagreeing with Fukuyama’s thesis, Samuel Huntington’s equally influential “clash of civilizations” argument, as elaborated in his 1996 book The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, also recognized the end of a traditional geopolitics based on states and sought to redefine worldwide conflict in cultural and non-statist terms. For in their own ways both thinkers saw that with the Soviet collapse, a global arena had come into view that was no longer circumscribed by states or even the international system, and thus did not possess a politics proper to itself. And it was in such an arena that a phenomenon like AlQaeda’s non-state militancy could arise and seek to give political substance to an entity like the global Muslim ummah or community, which itself had no historical precedent or institutional life. An admirer of Huntington’s book, Osama bin Laden put into action its idea of a geopolitics determined by non-state actors. In doing so he sought to occupy a global arena that had remained politically vacant since the Cold War’s division of the planet into rival hemispheres and its nuclear brinkmanship of “mutually assured destruction”. For the new global arena that came into view following the Soviet collapse possessed a sociological reality but no longer a political one. So entities like the human race, which before the Cold War had only been abstractions, suddenly assumed a sinister reality with the possibility of nuclear apocalypse, or indeed the actuality of planetary population control. Modelled on the human race as a new kind of actuality that was supposedly under threat of extinction, the Muslim ummah, too, emerged during this period as a reality lacking political form. And in doing so it came to represent the only political aspiration for a species which had suddenly become depoliticized after the Cold War, one that could now only take a sociological form as the selfsame agent and victim of environmental threats like climate change, themselves conceived of in economic rather than political terms. Like a human race under threat from the environmental catastrophe that had replaced the Cold War’s nuclear apocalypse, in other words, the Muslim community both existed and yet could not be said to exist. So it is no accident that Bin Laden referred very frequently to the Muslim ummah at risk of Western violence in the same breath as he bemoaned the threat that global warming posed for the human race. And the equivocal existence of both ummah and 3 species serves to foreground the fact that the globe possesses neither political actors nor any institutions of its own. The extraordinary politics of speculation and spectacle that Osama bin Laden deployed to lend a kind of reality to such entities as the Muslim community and even the human race, however, posed no existential threat to the United States or any other country, including Afghanistan, despite the great violence associated with it. Indeed Al-Qaeda’s most important and long-term consequence may well be shaking up the Muslim world’s hierarchies and inculcating highly individualistic forms of sacrifice as the basic element of a new politics there. Isn’t this the lesson that so many of the current “revolutions” in the Middle East have learnt from Al-Qaeda, lacking as they do any coherent leadership, ideology or political form? Indeed it is perhaps because this lesson has been learnt so well that Al-Qaeda has slipped from view in much of the Muslim world, its historical task accomplished as the result of an internal dynamic rather than because of any victory won in the War on Terror. Unlike Al-Qaeda’s militants, of course, today’s revolutionaries have forsaken the species or Muslim ummah to lend global ideas of pan-Arabism a certain reality by their media-driven imitations of one another, though without trying to formalize it in any ideological, let alone institutional sense, as if to suggest that this reality can only be an unspoken and non-statist one. By launching the Global War on Terror, the US was, among other things, trying to reclaim a planetary politics for itself. But given that Al-Qaeda was unable to present it any kind of military challenge, becoming instead a factor of America’s domestic politics in the aftermath of 9/11, this was an effort doomed to failure. Despite the exotic appearance and terminology of its militants, moreover, Al-Qaeda operated not as an external enemy but rather internally, by turning the logic and instruments of the West against itself. This viral form of attack was in full evidence with the 9/11 attacks, whose perpetrators trained at American flight schools and used American aircraft to strike their targets. And this lack of externality was only augmented by the militants’ exaltation of martyrdom, which did nothing more than rob Al-Qaeda of its very ontology as a foe whom death might defeat. So the great transformation that the War on Terror wrought the world over had as much to do with electoral machinations and security concerns in the US as it did with a global politics that was suddenly inaccessible to the planet’s remaining superpower. For even this war’s economic and other spoils were reserved primarily for the US, 4 whose allies had to fall in line for crumbs that might enrich individuals but had little bearing for an international system that had merely been subordinated to American designs. In waging what it considered a global war, in other words, the United States did nothing more than hollow out if not quite demolish an international system that had already been weakened by the Soviet collapse and was in the process of becoming politically irrelevant in the new global arena within which Al-Qaeda operated. This arena was therefore recognized and even supported by an America that dismissed the legal and other formulae of the international order to occupy it. America’s great power, in other words, has robbed it of geopolitics as a distinct field of action, confining its practices to the kind of self-interest that is incapable of distinguishing domestic from international arenas. As a consequence the United States can only operate internationally by seeing and reproducing itself everywhere in an impossible gesture of narcissism. And this means that the more it acts in the world the more America actually withdraws from the latter’s reality. Osama bin Laden’s assassination and disposal at sea is a good example of this, representing as it does a squandered opportunity for the procedures of international ethics as much as justice, sacrificed as both of these were in favour of a purely domestic politics. But the risk of such behaviour is very high indeed, since more than a loss of reality, what it entails is the turning inward of all conflict. So quite apart from the mutual recriminations of Republicans and Democrats, there is the increasing use of War on Terror procedures within the US itself for purposes like crime prevention that restrict the civil liberties of American citizens while having nothing to do with terrorism. It is also indicative of this turn inwards that Muslims today are seen by many Americans more as an internal threat than an external one, with their coreligionists abroad still free to become clients and allies of the US. The early years of the War on Terror had seen nothing like this rise in what is often called “Islamophobia”, which has gained ground in the US only after years of uninterrupted security and the absence of terrorist attacks. Like these domestic concerns, Bin Laden’s killing, together with the reaction it has elicited, offers us the clearest possible example of America’s loss of geopolitics and its withdrawal from the world. For with the decline of Al-Qaeda’s smoke and mirror politics, what has come into view is only the inability of states to address the planetary concerns of our time. These include climate change and food security, which the international system seems incapable...

Consumer Products Packaging Design - Wright Design

Consumer Products Packaging Design The Design Process and Some Basic Tips Package design for a new consumer product is as important as the product inside. This article will present a brief roadmap for designing the package for optimum effectiveness. Ideally the package designer will be a professional with strong consumer products experience. Except for the product itself, there is nothing more important to a product’s success than having a hardworking, truly sales generating package. If the package is not designed right, the trade will never buy the product and the consumer will never try it. The first section of this article reviews a typical Design Process. The second section offers some basic Packaging Design Tips. The Design Process Packaging Design - Preparation Here’s a typical Design Process. It is important to use a step by step organized approach to develop packaging design. Among other things, it helps to define which steps are client responsibilities and which are responsibilities of the design firm. 1. The first step in the process is for the client to describe the assignment to the design firm, assemble all relevant information and materials, list product benefits and key points in their priority of importance and clarify any mandatories. A “mandatory” is something that is required for the category or company. A “category” example would be the legal way a product should be described. A “company” example could be that the company president doesn’t like the color red. That means that the designer won’t use red! 2. The second step is for the design firm to prepare a proposal for the client. The proposal should include the designer’s understanding of the assignment and responsibilities, and how the designer plans to execute the assignment, spelling out deliverables, timetables and costs for each module or phase in the process. 3. The third is the most important step in the design process and it has nothing to do with graphics. The client and/or the design firm must develop a Communications Strategy that includes a strong USP - Unique Selling Proposition - (sometimes referred to as a Brand Positioning or the Brand Essence) as well as specific design direction for the specific project. The USP gives the trade and consumer a clear understanding of what makes your product different and better than your competition. There is nothing more important to the designer than to have a clear, powerful Brand Positioning to execute. The Design Process Packaging Design - Preparation A Brand Positioning Formula Unique or Preemptive* What is different about your product or service? In what ways is your offering different from your competition? Relevant Among those things that are different about your product or service, what differences are relevant? What is the most important unique attribute to your prospect target market? Believable Is your claim (your product/service difference) believable to your target prospect? Is it reasonable to think that your company can produce/offer this product or service? Performable Can you prove your claim? Does your product or service perform as claimed? * For lack of uniqueness, consider preemptive. Among the most important category benefits of your product or service, which one is not now being claimed by the competition and is, therefore, possible for you to preempt? The Design Process Packaging Design - Brand Identity For a new product, the next step in the Packaging Design Process is to create a graphic identity or logo...

Findability of Commodities by Consumers - Design Research Society

Findability of Commodities by Consumers: Distinguishing Different Packaging Designs Regina W.Y. Wang, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, wyw@mail.ntust.edu.tw Mu-Chien Chou, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology / Chungyu Institute of Technology, f1234860@ms36.hinet.net Abstract What package design features can help consumers find commodities faster? This study assumes that the factors in distinguishing different packaging designs of commodities differ due to consumers’ different personal experiences. Thus, this paper studies the findability of commodities by consumers through distinct packaging designs. It consists mainly of two stages: (a) the first stage reviews the existing literature to determine the application of different package designs; (b) the second stage is a focus group interview designed to investigate the factors influencing consumers in distinguishing different package designs. In the investigation process, (i) samples of package bottles for testing were collected through natural observation and convenience sampling; (ii) a focus group interview was conduced to determine how a consumer recognizes the differences among packages; (iii) a grounded analysis model was employed to transfer and encode the data collected from the focus group interviews to construct a conceptual frame for trade dress and the classifications of trade dress, which can interpret variations in the recognition of packaging design differences. The results of the focus group interview showed that consumers focused more on three kinds of “trade dress”: property of commodity, label design, and bottle shape design when looking for differences in packaging designs. The “bottle shape design” was the most important factor that the focus group used in distinguishing different packaging designs. The distinction in the different package designs by consumers is not limited to design elements (image, language, color, shape, etc.) only; more importantly, the distinction lies in the relationship between “trade dress” and “classifications of trade dress,” which can better reflect the differences in packaging designs. Keywords commodity packaging; differences in packaging design; findability; trade dress. The findability of commodities influences consumer decisions (Brown, 2008). Two-thirds of consumers’ buying decisions are influenced by the packages on the shelf (Lundberg, 2004; Nilsson & Öström, 2005; Rettie & Brewer, 2000). Hence, the kind of packaging that is easy to find is a thesis worth investigating. Packaging gives appeal and provides distinction from other commodities. Furthermore, it stimulates the buyers’ desire for consumption. An effective package design catches consumers’ attention and experience, prolongs lingering time before the shelf, and consequently causes sales opportunity to take place directly (Cheverton, 2004; Doyle, 1996; Mikunda, 2002). Experience in various commodities is connected with brand identity, packaging design on the shelf, and attempt to link with consumers’ personal experiences (Schmitt, 1999). Therefore, design elements such as character, figure, color, brand, shape, size, material, and texture employed effectively by the package designer can create a different package and communication experience (Schmitt & Simonson, 1997; Sonsino, 1990). There are different types of cognition towards the communication design of package comprehension between consumers and designers (Author, 2007). Hence, designers have different preferences in their own design communication owing to their different senses and cognitions of the commodity itself (Antioco, Moenaert, Feinberg, & Wetzels, 2008). This survey investigates the findability of packages. A literature review on packaging design differences is first presented, and the results of the group interview aimed at exploring the factors affecting consumer recognition and distinction of packaging design differences are then discussed...

TRADING CURRENCY – B&G TRADING
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TRADING CURRENCY – B&G TRADING Finance Catalogue - Looking for Trading Currency? …It [the United States] is likely also to remain the world's richest and most productive national economy for a long time (though the European Union as a whole is both larger and more productive). These blocs are neither "free trade" nor "protectionist", but both at the same time. Even more novel is that what is emerging is not one but four world economies: a world economy of information; of money; of multinationals (one no longer dominated by American enterprises); and a mercantilist world economy of goods, services and trade. These subsidies are in fact a major--perhaps the major--cement of the FrancoGerman alliance, and with it, of the European Union. The international organization designed to set world economic policy is the World Trade Organization (WTO). Typical perhaps is a German manufacturer of specialized surgical instruments who, with $20 million in sales and with plants in eleven countries, has around 60 percent of the world market in the field. In the meantime, however, the world economy of multinationals has become a truly global one, rather than one dominated by America and by U.S. The euro has managed to make itself the second most-used reserve currency in its three years, displacing the Deutsche mark and well ahead of the yen and the pound. …[Note] the recent merger of steel makers from Spain, Luxembourg and France to create a powerhouse called Arcelor. By breaking down currency and trade barriers between their states and trying to achieve economies of scale, Europe is playing America's game… … It has frequently been said that free trade is a mechanism to redistribute income from poor people in rich countries to rich people in poor countries; the history of blue-collar wage levels in the United States since 1973 tends to validate this thesis (although heavy immigration, a separate question, has exacerbated the problem by still further augmenting the supply of modestly skilled U.S. But a supermajority--maybe 75 percent--of votes would be required to pass tariff agreements. Designing an orthodox currency board for Iraq will require discarding the model used by the International Monetary Fund in Argentina, Estonia, Lithuania, and Bulgaria. They are already suffering from heavy competition from China in many of their traditional exports, and China's dollar peg means that it is sucking up investment from Japan and outside the region that might otherwise have gone to Southeast Asia. People in developed countries tend to think that China is now a global economic power and strong enough to choose its economic policies freely. The assembled panelists (except me) embraced the idea that China was exporting deflation. A country with vibrant growth does not run a large current account surplus ($17.4 billion in 2001) despite a large inflow of foreign direct investment ($37.3 billion net in 2001) and hence large reserve accumulation ($47.3 billion in 2001) unless its currency is undervalued. When a country signs the IMF Articles of Agreement, it explicitly commits itself "to avoid competitive exchange depreciation" and "to avoid manipulating exchange rates in order to prevent effective balance of payments adjustment or to gain unfair competitive advantage over other members." The Articles also explicitly assign the IMF responsibility for surveillance over member exchange rates and related policies. Unfortunately, China does not allow publication of the IMF's annual surveillance report on the Chinese economy and policies...

Metro North Economic Impact - Bronx Borough President

Growing the Bronx for the 21st Century and Beyond An Analysis of the MTA Metro-¬North Expansion into the East Bronx Introduction In 1984, the American Public Transit Association, conducted an analysis of the employment and business revenue impacts of investment in public transit. This landmark study, for the first time demonstrated that investment in public transit supports significant job creation and increased business revenues at the local level, creating substantial economic benefits in addition to the mobility benefits associated for the local communities where these stations would be located.1 The whole of the report is based on the hypothesis that the dollars invested in the construction, operation and maintenance of transit services spur job creation and other effects since time and time again dollars are spent in the local economy.2 Since 1984 this study has been updated and refreshed numerous times with the most recent publication issued in 2009 titled “ Economic Impact of Public Transportation Investment”. As the most cited series and most complete reports of infrastructure investment and its corresponding impact on economic activity, Senator Klein and the Bronx Borough President have used this national study to continue to make the argument that the approval of the capitol plan to expand access of the Metro North to the Bronx is necessary and vital to Bronx residents and communities. Metro North Expansion in the Bronx The proposed Metro-North expansion into the East Bronx is part of a larger plan for the MTA called “Penn Station Access”. This proposal will allow Metro-North trains to come into Penn Station. Part of this increased access would be the construction of six new stations, two on the West Side of Manhattan and four in the East Bronx.3 The four stations in the East Bronx would be created along existing Amtrak tracks, therefore lessening the economic burden on New York State. The expansion in the Bronx would pave the way for economic development and job creation along with a quicker commute for Bronx residents. In the fall of 2012 Metro-North began a series of presentations in the neighborhoods where the four proposed stations would be constructed, Co-Op City, Morris Park, Hunts Point and Parkchester.4 These presentations highlighted the growing use of Metro-North Service and that Bronx as the largest rail reverse commuter market in the United States, bringing 5,000 residents to suburban jobs, out of 13,000 Bronx residents who use Metro North every week day5. Considering the diversity of the communities surrounding each of the four proposed stations, each would benefit each neighborhood differently. Co-Op City would see greater exposure to the Bay Plaza6, while Hunts Point would become a transit hub with connection to the 6 train.7 The Morris Park community would be introduced to suburban employment centers in Westchester and Connecticut,8 while the Parkchester station would broaden transportation opportunities for residents with the possibility for connections with NYC buses, such as the Bronx 42, 40 and 20.9 However we are one borough, one Bronx. In that vein, the economic impact assessments below show the potential ability for these four stations to create jobs, business revenue and property values in the Bronx as a whole. Estimating Investment Costs of the Metro North Expansion in the Bronx Using the above referenced American Public Transit Association reports, much of the economic impact analysis flows from a public transportation project’s capital investment in a local area and the operating/maintenance cost investment in the same project. In this economic analysis, the capital investments refer to the expansion in the Bronx, with expenditures for the additions of the four new East Bronx Stations. Additionally, operating investments go to the maintaining and function of the rail system. Major components of these costs are the salaries and wages to hire the employees who conduct these operations and generally are hired from the local labor force. Other operating expenses go to payments for insurance, utilities, fuel and fringe benefits...

Tips Mengerjakan Soal Barisan dan Teks

Tips mengerjakan soal TPA (Bagian 3 : Barisan dan Wacana) Barisan adalah sekelompok bilangan yang disusun menurut pola atau aturan tertentu. Kita mengenal beberapa barisan, yaitu : 1. Barisan Aritmetika : un = a + (n-1)b Barisan yang memiliki beda atau selisih yang tetap diantara dua suku yang berurutan. Contoh : 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, .. Beda barisan di atas = 2 4 – 2 = 6 – 4 = 8 – 6 = 10 – 8 = 2 2. Barisan Geometri : un = a ⋅ rn-1 Barisan yang memiliki rasio atau pembanding yang tetap diantara dua suku berurutan. Contoh : 1, 3, 9, 27, 81, .. Rasio barisan di atas = 3 3 9 27 81 3 9 27 1 3 3. Barisan Fibonacci (sering keluar di SNMPTN) : un = un-2 + un-1 Barisan bilangan dimana suku berikutnya adalah jumlah dua suku sebelumnya. Contoh : 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, … 1+1=2 1+2=3 2+3=5 3+5=8 8 + 13 = 21 dan seterusnya 4. Barisan bujursangkar (barisan kuadrat) : un = n2 Contoh : 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, … 5. Barisan persegi panjang : un = n(n+1) Contoh : 2, 6, 12, 20, 30, 42, … ...

COVER_Majalah DIKBUD Edisi 02.cdr - kementerian pendidikan ...

Ujian Nasional Tiket Masuk Perguruan Tinggi PUSAT INFORMASI DAN HUBUNGAN MASYARAKAT...UN adalah contoh lain lagi. Hal baru yang ... peserta didik mendaftar SNMPTN secara komputerisasi, dan menjalani .... Naskah soal UN 2013 dengan lembar....Bidikmisi adalah program bantuan biaya pendidikan yang diberikan Pemerintah kepada mahasiswa yang memiliki potensi akademik memadai dan kurang mampu secara ekonomi. Misi program ini untuk menghidupkan harapan bagi masyarakat kurang mampu dan mempotensi akademik memadai untuk dapat menempuh pendidikan sampai ke jenjang pendidikan tinggi....

Finmeccanica: integration of the Board of Directors

The Shareholders’ Meeting of Finmeccanica, held today to integrate the Board of Directors, upon the proposal of the shareholder Ministry of Economy and Finance, has appointed Giovanni De Gennaro and Alessandro Minuto Rizzo as Directors in place of resigning Giuseppe Orsi and Franco Bonferroni and, upon the proposal of a group of investment management companies and of other institutional investors, has appointed Dario Frigerio in place of resigning Christian Streiff.

Stone Jewelry: Their particular Shapes and Styles

The appearance of gem jewelry depends upon numerous elements. The principle a couple of factors in which identify some sort of diamond’s type tend to be strap, location in addition to gem. As well, your reduce adds up majorly with engagement happens to be visual appeal. Figuring out each individual element will enable you to wardrobe good look your lover are going to be dying for. In selecting a clear style, almost all aspects ought to be taken into consideration; no one element is a lot more important as opposed to other. The band involving diamonds rings is usually the actual rounded element which goes rounded on the ring finger. Three precious metals are majorly made use of with regards to jewelry: silver, platinum along with american platinum eagle. Alloys come in work with specifically beverages involving yellow metal, because gold is not that will long-lasting once it heats up holders only. Dependant upon the material components with the wedding ring you could have silver, american platinum eagle or maybe white gold diamond engagement rings. All these illustrates the best way critical the band will be to surrounding the appearance of diamond engagement bands. Negligence the diamond in which the diamond lies inside solitaire precious stone engagement rings is known as the placing. In relation to configuration settings they could either be “pronged” or perhaps “invisible.” The actual setting may have a different metal and also alloy on the group. That is a well-liked fashion the way it brings forth the particular distinction and makes all the precious stone a lot more well known. The particular setting ascertains what number of rocks may be put on the wedding band. As an illustration larger adjustments are utilized to allow for several natural stone engagement bands.If you'd like more information, it is possible to check out cross pendants where you can find much more information. When it comes to the stone, before we sometimes communicate of the company's contour, we've got to be aware that that is dependant upon a cut it may get. Diamonds cut does not reference the goals processed, but to the proportion, develop in addition to proportionality. When they talk of symmetry it truly is basically discussing that this facets of a gemstone tend to be aligned. Badly arranged facets tend to misdirect light entering as well as getting out of an engagement ring, therefore, giving out a below lustrous look. The on the facets of a diamond ring is recognized as enhance. Excellent polish indicates the diamonds will not have each side having to often be wiped clean constantly.You may head to diamond engagement rings where you will find there's lot more information on this for you. The design of the precious stone will resonate together with her model along with what seems to be improved to be with her. The most typical and classic type may be the spherical brilliant-cut gem. Getting Fifty seven sides suggests the idea shines as well as stands apart over every other fashion. A further contour which is merely regarding your Game Outstanding could be the Princess or queen. A Little princess is recognized as contemporary as well as a very little rectangle in form. The form just like the group in addition can help determine design for jewels as an illustration Romantic Solitaire proposal rings. Alternative models in which ought to have talk about will be silpada, asker and cushion.

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