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contoh proposal ke perusahaan

General Pointers for Making a Compelling GSA Schedule Services Proposal

Getting the contract to for GSA Schedule Services can have many benefits for any company seeking to provide services at the federal level. It provides a reliable and stable income stream for a company trying to establish itself and gain recognition in the market

Laporan Naratif Filantropi bencana Gempa Yogyakarta-Jateng oleh ...

Laporan Naratif Filantropi bencana Gempa Yogyakarta-Jateng oleh Perusahaan Filantropi masih merupakan terminologi yang belum cukup diketahui dan dipahami oleh masyarakat dunia usaha. Pendataan yang dilakukan oleh PPF dengan mengambil momentum penyaluran bantuan kepada korban bencana gempa Yogyakarta-Jateng oleh perusahaan, menghadapi hambatan pertama berupa keawaman subyek riset terhadap difinisi filantropi. Termasuk didalamnya, ketidak pahaman terhadap maksud dan tujuan sebuah upaya penguatan filantropi. Subyek riset juga sulit untuk memahami bahwa aksi kedermawanan bukan sebuah niat baik berlandaskan keikhlasan semata, namun juga perlu dikembangkan, dikelola secara profesional, transparan sehingga dapat berjangka panjang serta memberi manfaat yang maksimal guna mengatasi permasalahan sosial di sekitar. Hasil pendataan masih jauh dari yang diharapkan, namun berhasil memotret pemahaman mendasar dan cara pandang yang sangat berbeda antara PPF, sebagai sebuah lembaga yang bercita-cita meningkatkan mutu kedermawanan, dengan pelaku kedermawanan (perusahaan) yang beranggapan bahwa aksi filantropinya, bahkan tidak perlu diketahui oleh pihak lain. Subyek riset memiliki kekawatiran dan rasa tidak percaya yang cukup tinggi, menanggapi keinginan PPF untuk mengetahui pengalaman dan pola-pola filantropi yang mereka lakukan. Beberapa perusahaan mengungkapkan secara terbuka hal tersebut, sebagian besar lainnya langsung melakukan penolakan dan menutup diri terhadap berbagai upaya penjelasan dan pendekatan. Bencana gempa melanda wilayah Yogyakarta dan sebagian Jawa Tengah pada 26 Mei 2006, pukul 05.53 WIB, selama 57 detik dengan kekuatan 5,9 Skala Ritcher. Pusat gempa berada di lepas pantai Samudera Hindia, sekitar 38 km selatan Yogyakartakarta dengan kedalaman 33 kilometer1. Peristiwa ini menimbulkan kerusakan di 5 wilayah Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta yakni, Bantul, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Kulon Progo dan Gunung Kidul, serta 6 kabupaten di Jawa Tengah meliputi Klaten, Magelang, Boyolali, Sukoharjo, Wonogiri dan Purworejo. Bantul dan Kabupaten Klaten mengalami kerusakan paling parah. Total korban meninggal mencapai 5.857 jiwa, korban luka-luka 37.229 jiwa, rumah penduduk yang rata dengan tanah tidak kurang dari 84.643 rumah, sedangan rumah rusak parah dan ringan lebih dari 300.000 rumah2. Gempa juga meninggalkan kerusakan infrastruktur dan fasilitas publik. Sekitar 2.354 bangunan sekolah roboh3. Situs peninggalan sejarah seperti Keraton Yogyakarta, makam raja-raja di Imogiri, Candi Prambanan dan candi Ratu Boko juga mengalami kerusakan. Dalam hitungan jam, kabar kehancuran dan kondisi masyarakat korban gempa sudah disampaikan oleh media massa –terutama online, televisi dan radio—keseluruh penjuru tanah air. Liputan ini berlangsung terus, seiring munculnya aksi tanggap darurat dan kedermawanan...

Metro North Economic Impact - White Paper - New York State Senate

Growing the Bronx for the 21st Century and Beyond An Analysis of the MTA Metro-¬North Expansion into the East Bronx In 1984, the American Public Transit Association, conducted an analysis of the employment and business revenue impacts of investment in public transit. This landmark study, for the first time demonstrated that investment in public transit supports significant job creation and increased business revenues at the local level, creating substantial economic benefits in addition to the mobility benefits associated for the local communities where these stations would be located.1 The whole of the report is based on the hypothesis that the dollars invested in the construction, operation and maintenance of transit services spur job creation and other effects since time and time again dollars are spent in the local economy.2 Since 1984 this study has been updated and refreshed numerous times with the most recent publication issued in 2009 titled “ Economic Impact of Public Transportation Investment”. As the most cited series and most complete reports of infrastructure investment and its corresponding impact on economic activity, Senator Klein and the Bronx Borough President have used this national study to continue to make the argument that the approval of the capitol plan to expand access of the Metro North to the Bronx is necessary and vital to Bronx residents and communities. Metro North Expansion in the Bronx The proposed Metro-North expansion into the East Bronx is part of a larger plan for the MTA called “Penn Station Access”. This proposal will allow Metro-North trains to come into Penn Station. Part of this increased access would be the construction of six new stations, two on the West Side of Manhattan and four in the East Bronx.3 The four stations in the East Bronx would be created along existing Amtrak tracks, therefore lessening the economic burden on New York State. The expansion in the Bronx would pave the way for economic development and job creation along with a quicker commute for Bronx residents. In the fall of 2012 Metro-North began a series of presentations in the neighborhoods where the four proposed stations would be constructed, Co-Op City, Morris Park, Hunts Point and Parkchester.4 These presentations highlighted the growing use of Metro-North Service and that Bronx as the largest rail reverse commuter market in the United States, bringing 5,000 residents to suburban jobs, out of 13,000 Bronx residents who use Metro North every week day5. Considering the diversity of the communities surrounding each of the four proposed stations, each would benefit each neighborhood differently. Co-Op City would see greater exposure to the Bay Plaza6, while Hunts Point would become a transit hub with connection to the 6 train.7 The Morris Park community would be introduced to suburban employment centers in Westchester and Connecticut,8 while the Parkchester station would broaden transportation opportunities for residents with the possibility for connections with NYC buses, such as the Bronx 42, 40 and 20.9 However we are one borough, one Bronx. In that vein, the economic impact assessments below show the potential ability for these four stations to create jobs, business revenue and property values in the Bronx as a whole...

1 REFRIGERATION USING SOLAR ENERGY

REFRIGERATION USING SOLAR ENERGY Rising energy costs are generating new interest in thermal energy based refrigeration systems. These can compete with electrical energy based refrigeration systems if the source of heat energy is waste heat or solar energy. Chillers for industrial use based on absorption refrigeration are commercialized now. In India M/S Thermax manufactures and markets lithium bromide/ water system, based absorption refrigeration machines for industrial and institutional use. These systems are relevant to India because: 1. Ambient temperatures are high through out the year in most parts of the country. Higher ambient temperatures mean more energy is consumed in refrigeration 2. Solar insolation is high in most parts of the country. This implies that we have more energy at our disposal. 3. There is huge potential demand for refrigeration in rural areas, which are best suited for solar energy based refrigeration systems Proposal: Solar energy based refrigeration is an idea whose time has come. The economics are moving into positive zone. Companies who get into this line can expect to reap the benefits in next five years time. Absorption refrigeration: In this system solar energy is used to drive out the volatile component from a solution and build up the pressure. Examples are water vapour from lithium bromide water solution or ammonia from aqueous ammonia solution. The vapour is then condensed (rejecting heat). This is done with either water-cooling or air-cooling. The condensed liquid is then expanded to absorb heat from the space where refrigeration is needed. The vapours are once again absorbed in the solution. The cycle is continuously repeated. Sub zero temperatures can be reached by absorption refrigeration systems. Ice can be made. Adsorption refrigeration: In this system solar energy is used to drive out the volatile component from a solid adsorber and build up the pressure. Examples are water vapour and silica gel adsorbent or ammonia and activated carbon adsorbent. The vapour is then condensed (rejecting heat). This is done with either water-cooling or air-cooling. The condensed liquid is then expanded to absorb heat from the space where refrigeration is needed. The vapours are once again adsorbed by the adsorbent. The cycle is continuously repeated. These systems are suited for cooling applications. These are old concepts and adequate published data is available on many variants. Commercial systems are working where waste heat is available. Like wise generating hot ware or steam using solar energy is a proven technology. The challenge is combining these two technologies into an economically viable system. Manufacturing process: The main activity is design and engineering. A good engineering design team with formal qualifications and experience in the refrigeration industry is needed. Manufacturing activity consists of fabricating different components like absorbers, heat exchangers. These along with necessary bought out items are assembled as compact units and sold are installed at clients site as per requirements...

General guide for technical analysis of cost proposals - U.S. ...

GENERAL GUIDE FOR TECHNICAL ANALYSIS OF COST PROPOSALS FOR ACQUISITION CONTRACTS The purpose of this guide is to enhance the quality of the technical analyses of cost proposals to the Contracting Officer. In using this guide, it provides points to remember and questions to ask and considerations to think about when evaluating the proposal. This guide is intended for use by the Department of Energy (DOE) cost/price analysts, contracting officers (COs), contract specialists, and technical program/project managers involved with cost/price analysis. This guide does not cover the DOE managing and operating (M&O) or financial assistance activities. The technical analysis is one of key sources of information that the negotiator uses to support a request that the contractor adjust the amount of its estimated direct costs. Any adjustment in direct costs correspondingly adjusts the amount of indirect (overhead) costs. A technical analysis helps to ensure that the pre-negotiation objective is fair and reasonable. The contractor’s proposal being analyzed could be for a major acquisition, response to a Request for Proposal (RFP) regarding an ongoing contract, an engineering change proposal (ECP), request for equitable adjustment (REA), or a contract termination or claim. There are some situations where cost analysis is required when non-competitive actions for purchase of non-commercial items/services that exceed Truth in Negotiations Act (TINA) threshold ($700 thousand* with limited exceptions and other actions (commercial and noncommercial) where the quoted prices cannot be determined fair and reasonable by price analysis alone. KEY CONCEPTS Cost Analysis: Cost Analysis is used to establish the basis for negotiation of cost type contract prices where: Price competition is inadequate or lacking, and Price analysis by itself does not assure the reasonableness of prices. Technical Analysis: Technical Analysis is accomplished by personnel having specialized knowledge, skills, experience, or capability in engineering, science or management of proposed quantities and kinds of materials, labor processes, labor skill mix, special tooling, facilities, and associated cost drivers set forth in a cost proposal. Technical analysis is the examination and analysis of proposed resources to determine whether such resources reflect reasonable economy and efficiency. *Dollar threshold are subject to change, see FAR 15.403-4 for the current dollar threshold. An evaluation of a contractor’s proposal, made by personnel having specialized knowledge, skills, and experience in engineering, science, manufacturing, or management of the proposed quantities and kinds of materials, labor processes, labor skill mix, special tooling, and facilities. Technical analysis requires evaluation of each specific element of direct costs in the proposal, such as direct material, direct labor, and other direct costs (ODCs). The contracting officer (negotiator) has the lead responsibility for the performance of all administrative actions necessary for effective contract awards. In this role, the CO is required to coordinate a team of experts and requests and evaluates the advice of specialists in such fields as contracting, finance, law, contract audit, quality control, engineering, and contract pricing. The CO utilizes the advice, findings, and the recommendations to start the negotiation process by developing a pre-negotiation objective...

MARIN COUNTY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

MARIN COUNTY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY ZONING AND DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION REQUEST Please choose one of the following informational services: A Pre-Application review is a written report that provides the property owner/applicant with information about the regulatory requirements applicable to a contemplated development proposal, including an overview of potential development and environmental issues. The response may also include a description of the County’s administrative procedures, information regarding application and submittal requirements, and environmental review. General Consultation $290 A General Consultation is an hour-long meeting that provides a verbal response to zoning and development questions. Topics discussed during a General Consultation typically include, but are not limited to general information about the County’s land use and development policies and regulations, the County’s permit process and administrative procedures, information regarding application and submittal requirements, and environmental review. Planning Information Packet $128 The Planning Information Packet provides basic zoning and Countywide Plan land use designation information, an aerial photo of the site, and copies of discretionary entitlements applicable to the property. Pre-Submittal Meeting (fees to be drawn from regular application fees after submittal) A half-hour-long pre-submittal meeting with a planner is recommended once the plans and other application materials have been prepared, but before submitting an application. Staff will review your application materials with you and provide you with a preliminary indication of whether the application materials meet the basic requirements for project review. Meetings must be arranged in advance, and are subject to the availability of planning staff. The property owner and/or applicant must complete and submit this form to the Planning Division along with the required retainer fee and information pertinent to the request. Please see below for more information regarding specific submittal requirements. For Pre-Application requests, the property owner and applicant must complete this form and provide a written description of the project (if available, please also provide site and building plans). A written response will be mailed to the property owner/applicant within 6 to 12 weeks depending on the complexity of the Pre-Application request. If necessary, a meeting with staff may be scheduled to discuss the PreApplication review. Materials submitted in conjunction with the pre-application request may be forwarded to other agencies and community organizations for review and comment...

Small Business Draft - Committee on Ways and Means

Strengthening the Economy and Increasing Wages by Making the Tax Code Simpler and Fairer for America’s Small Businesses Whether operated as sole proprietorships, partnerships, or S corporations, small businesses continue to be the driving force for economic growth and job creation in the American economy and have generated 65 percent of net new jobs over the past 17 years according to the Small Business Administration. Despite their significant contributions, however, small businesses and entrepreneurs face a daunting array of Federal tax rules and regulations that consume valuable time and resources. Consider the following small business facts: Tax compliance costs are 65 percent higher for small businesses than for big• businesses, costing small business owners $18 billion to $19 billion per year. Nearly nine out of every ten small businesses rely on outside tax preparers, and• according to data provided by the Internal Revenue Service, a business taxpayer spends an average of 23 hours on tax compliance. The current patchwork of complex and often inconsistent rules often leads to disparate• results depending on the organizational structure of the business. The combined impact of these tax costs and complexity means fewer resources to expand a business, hire new employees, and increase wages and benefits. Tax reform done right should make the code simpler and fairer, while strengthening our economy. The discussion draft is the result of multiple public hearings and witness testimony. As part of a broader, comprehensive tax reform package that significantly lowers rates for individuals, small businesses, and corporations, the draft reforms and simplifies a number of tax rules affecting small businesses and their workers. The discussion draft also offers two approaches to modernize the way the United States taxes pass-through businesses, such as partnerships and S corporations. In the interest of transparency, the Committee is soliciting feedback from a broad range of stakeholders, practitioners, economists, and members of the general public on how to improve this proposed set of reforms. To help strengthen the economy by helping small businesses expand operations, hire new workers and increase wages and benefits, the discussion draft contains several commonsense reforms that simplify tax compliance for small businesses and provide certainty with respect to the ability of small businesses to recover certain costs immediately. Spur Investment by Providing Permanent Expensing of Investments in Equipment and Property. The draft makes permanent section 179 expensing at pre-stimulus levels, allowing small businesses to deduct immediately investments in new equipment and property up to $250,000, with the deduction phased out for investments exceeding $800,000 (both amounts indexed for inflation). Without legislation, these levels will revert to $25,000 and $200,000, respectively, in 2014, which would be a tax increase for these employers. The draft also makes permanent the current-law provisions allowing computer software and certain investments in real property to qualify for section 179 expensing. This proposal is based on a provision of H.R. 886, introduced by Reps. Jim Gerlach (R-PA) and Ron Kind (D-WI). The proposal applies to tax years after December 31, 2013. Simplify and Expand Use of Cash Accounting for Small Businesses. The draft replaces the current array of complicated tax-accounting rules that apply to small businesses and farms with a uniform rule under which all businesses with gross receipts of $10 million or less may use the cash method of accounting...

Dubai Tours Packages
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An emirate of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai lies right innards the Arabian Desert. Successfully combining technology with the best that nature has to proposal, desert safaris, super malls, beaches, Dubai is commutation right on top with its disproportionate buildings, and skiing to boot. Skiing in a infertile state!?! You can do it, in Dubai.

15-Panduan penulisan Penerbitan Buku Teks

PANDUAN PENULISAN & PENERBITAN BUKU TEKS Panduan ini merupakan petunjuk penulisan buku pelajaran (ilmiah populer) yang digunakan untuk menentukan kelayakan naskah bagi penerbit. Panduan ini membahas pengertian buku pelajaran & diktat, tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran, isi buku pelajaran, sampul buku, bagian pembuka, bagian utama dan bagian penutup serta ketentuan jumlah halaman. Buku Pelajaran (Text book) & Diktat Buku pelajaran adalah bahan/materi pelajaran yang dituangkan secara tertulis dalam bentuk buku dan digunakan sebagai bahan pelajaran (sumber informasi) sebuah mata kuliah bagi mahasiswa dan pengajar susuai dengan kebutuhan lapangan/industry dan tuntutan perkembangan teknologi dan atau kurikulum. Diktat adalah catatan tertulis suatu bidang studi yang disiapkan oleh guru/dosen untuk mempermudah pengayaan materi pelajaran atau bidang studi yang dibahas dalam proses pembelajaran (Ilvandri, 2011). Diktat yang baik merupakan draft buku ajar yang belum diterbitkan. Tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran a. Menyediakan buku susuai dengan kebutuhan mahasiswa, institusi dan lapangan/ industry serta serta tuntutan perkembangan teknologi atau kurikulum. b. Mendorong penulis/dosen untuk berkreasi dan kreatif membagikan ilmunya kepada masyarakat. c. Mendorong penulis untuk meng-update ilmunya sesuai dengan kriteria tuntutan buku layak terbit mencakup subdstansi, bahasa dan potensi pasar. d. Mendukung penulis untuk menerbitkan buku bila belum terbit. Isi Buku Pelajaran Isi buku pelajaran berupa teori, konsep, formula atau aturan terkini dilengkapi dengan contoh-contoh masalah atau studi kasus serta solusinya. Isi buku harus orsinil dengan merujuk dari berbagai sumber. Informasi tepat, dapat dipercaya dan dipertanggungjawabkan kepada pembaca dan semua pihak terkait. Isi tersusun dengan baik atau dengan alur informasi yang mudah dipahami. Buku pelajaran dan diktat yang baik memenuhi tiga aspek pendidikan yaitu ilmu pengetahuan (knowledge), keterampilan (skills) dan sikap atau perilaku (attitude). Aspek tersebut seperti yang dinyatakan oleh UNESCO (1994) yaitu: Learn to know, Learn to do, Learn to be dan Learn to live together. Ketiga aspek tersebut dipertimbangkan sesuai dengan jenjang pendidikan dan kebutuhan. Sampul Buku Sampul buku bagian depan memuat: a. Judul buku : Judul harus spesifik dan relevan sesuai dengan isi buku dan menggunakan kata-kata kunci dan powerful. b. Nama penulis : Nama penulis ditulis lengkap, tidak menggunakan nama samaran sesuai dengan ketentuan penulis buku ilmiah. c. Logo atau nama penerbit bila sudah diterbitkan...

Peluang Korupsi dalam Proses Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa ...

Jumlah pengadaan barang dan jasa di lembaga publik rata-rata mencapai sekitar 15%-30% dari GDP. Banyaknya pengadaan barang dan jasa di lembaga-lembaga pemerintah, merupakan peluang yang menggiurkan dan tentunya meningkatkan resiko terjadinya korupsi. Besarnya kerugian akibat korupsi diperkirakan mencapai 10%-25% pada skala normal. Dalam beberapa kasus, kerugian yang ditimbulkan mencapai 40%-50% dari nilai kontrak. “Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa” –atau dalam istilah asing disebut sebagai procurement– muncul karena adanya kebutuhan akan suatu barang atau jasa, mulai dari pensil, seprei, aspirin untuk kebutuhan rumah sakit, bahan bakar kendaraan milik pemerintah, peremajaan mobil dan armada truk, peralatan sekolah dan rumah sakit, perlengkapan perang untuk instansi militer, perangkat ringan atau berat untuk perumahan, pembangunan, untuk jasa konsultasi serta kebutuhan jasa lainnya (seperti pembangunan stasiun pembangkit listrik atau jalan tol hingga menyewa jasa konsultan bidang teknik, keuangan, hukum atau fungsi konsultasi lainnya). Istilah pengadaan barang dan jasa diartikan secara luas, mencakup penjelasan dari tahap persiapan, penentuan dan pelaksanaan atau administrasi tender untuk pengadaan barang, lingkup pekerjaan atau jasa lainnya. Pengadaan barang dan jasa juga tak hanya sebatas pada pemilihan rekanan proyek dengan bagian pembelian (purchasing) atau perjanjian resmi kedua belah pihak saja, tetapi mencakup seluruh proses sejak awal perencanaan, persiapan, perijinan, penentuan pemenang tender hingga tahap pelaksanaan dan proses administrasi dalam pengadaan barang, pekerjaan atau jasa seperti jasa konsultasi teknis, jasa konsultasi keuangan, jasa konsultasi hukum atau jasa lainnya. Transparency International (TI) mendefinisikan korupsi sebagai suatu tindakan penyalahgunaan kekuasaan yang bertujuan menghasilkan keuntungan pribadi. Pengertian “keuntungan pribadi” ini harus ditafsirkan secara luas, termasuk juga di dalamnya keuntungan pribadi yang diberikan oleh para pelaku ekonomi kepada kerabat dan keluarganya, partai politik atau dalam beberapa kasus ditemukan bahwa keuntungan tersebut disalurkan ke organisasi independen atau institusi amal dimana pelaku politik tersebut memiliki peran serta, baik dari sisi keuangan atau sosial. Sejauh ini, jarang sekali ditemukan penjelasan terperinci dalam hukum kriminal tentang definisi korupsi. Umumnya, hukum kriminal masih mencampur-adukan tindak kejahatan korupsi dengan tindak kejahatan lainnya, yang kemudian juga disebut sebagai tindak pidana korupsi misalnya, penyuapan (baik pemberi maupun penerima) oleh para pejabat pemerintah baik lokal maupun asing dan perusahaan-perusahaan pribadi, pemberian uang pelicin, penipuan, penipuan data dalam tender, penggelapan, pencurian, tender arisan (kolusi antar sesama peserta tender), suap di lembaga legislatif, dan lain-lain. Biasanya, bentuk dan hukuman atas pelanggaran terhadap hukum kriminal masing-masing negara berbeda, meski pada intinya perbuatan tersebut merupakan tindak pidana korupsi. Korupsi adalah tindak kejahatan yang diatur. Hal tersebut berdasar pada kenyataan bahwa pemberi dan penerima suap adalah penjahat, maka diperkirakan kedua belah pihak akan berupaya untuk menutupi kejahatan mereka. Bentuk Korupsi dalam Proses Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa Dikutip dan disarikan dari Buku Panduan Mencegah Korupsi dalam Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa Publik, TII, 2006 Dalam pengadaan barang dan jasa di pemerintah, ada beberapa bentuk korupsi. Bentuk yang paling sering dilakukan dan terang-terangan adalah penyuapan dan pemberian uang pelicin (uang rokok, uang bensin dan sebagainya) hingga bentuk lainnya yang lebih halus dalam bentuk korupsi politik. Penyuapan vs Uang Pelicin. Biasanya, kasus penyuapan dalam jumlah yang besar diberikan kapada pejabat senior pemerintah (pembuat keputusan) untuk menghasilkan keputusan menguntungkan si penyuap. Sedangkan Uang Pelicin, biasanya berupa pemberian uang dalam jumlah yang lebih kecil, yang pada umumnya diberikan kepada pegawai rendahan dengan maksud untuk mempercepat atau mempermudah masalah terutama yang terkait persoalan hukum (misalnya dalam pemeriksaan bagasi oleh pihak bea cukai) atau uang pelicin untuk memperlancar pembayaran akibat keterlambatan pembayaran,...

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