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contoh proposal ke perusahaan

General guide for technical analysis of cost proposals - U.S. ...

GENERAL GUIDE FOR TECHNICAL ANALYSIS OF COST PROPOSALS FOR ACQUISITION CONTRACTS The purpose of this guide is to enhance the quality of the technical analyses of cost proposals to the Contracting Officer. In using this guide, it provides points to remember and questions to ask and considerations to think about when evaluating the proposal. This guide is intended for use by the Department of Energy (DOE) cost/price analysts, contracting officers (COs), contract specialists, and technical program/project managers involved with cost/price analysis. This guide does not cover the DOE managing and operating (M&O) or financial assistance activities. The technical analysis is one of key sources of information that the negotiator uses to support a request that the contractor adjust the amount of its estimated direct costs. Any adjustment in direct costs correspondingly adjusts the amount of indirect (overhead) costs. A technical analysis helps to ensure that the pre-negotiation objective is fair and reasonable. The contractor’s proposal being analyzed could be for a major acquisition, response to a Request for Proposal (RFP) regarding an ongoing contract, an engineering change proposal (ECP), request for equitable adjustment (REA), or a contract termination or claim. There are some situations where cost analysis is required when non-competitive actions for purchase of non-commercial items/services that exceed Truth in Negotiations Act (TINA) threshold ($700 thousand* with limited exceptions and other actions (commercial and noncommercial) where the quoted prices cannot be determined fair and reasonable by price analysis alone. KEY CONCEPTS Cost Analysis: Cost Analysis is used to establish the basis for negotiation of cost type contract prices where: Price competition is inadequate or lacking, and Price analysis by itself does not assure the reasonableness of prices. Technical Analysis: Technical Analysis is accomplished by personnel having specialized knowledge, skills, experience, or capability in engineering, science or management of proposed quantities and kinds of materials, labor processes, labor skill mix, special tooling, facilities, and associated cost drivers set forth in a cost proposal. Technical analysis is the examination and analysis of proposed resources to determine whether such resources reflect reasonable economy and efficiency. *Dollar threshold are subject to change, see FAR 15.403-4 for the current dollar threshold. An evaluation of a contractor’s proposal, made by personnel having specialized knowledge, skills, and experience in engineering, science, manufacturing, or management of the proposed quantities and kinds of materials, labor processes, labor skill mix, special tooling, and facilities. Technical analysis requires evaluation of each specific element of direct costs in the proposal, such as direct material, direct labor, and other direct costs (ODCs). The contracting officer (negotiator) has the lead responsibility for the performance of all administrative actions necessary for effective contract awards. In this role, the CO is required to coordinate a team of experts and requests and evaluates the advice of specialists in such fields as contracting, finance, law, contract audit, quality control, engineering, and contract pricing. The CO utilizes the advice, findings, and the recommendations to start the negotiation process by developing a pre-negotiation objective...

MARIN COUNTY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

MARIN COUNTY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY ZONING AND DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION REQUEST Please choose one of the following informational services: A Pre-Application review is a written report that provides the property owner/applicant with information about the regulatory requirements applicable to a contemplated development proposal, including an overview of potential development and environmental issues. The response may also include a description of the County’s administrative procedures, information regarding application and submittal requirements, and environmental review. General Consultation $290 A General Consultation is an hour-long meeting that provides a verbal response to zoning and development questions. Topics discussed during a General Consultation typically include, but are not limited to general information about the County’s land use and development policies and regulations, the County’s permit process and administrative procedures, information regarding application and submittal requirements, and environmental review. Planning Information Packet $128 The Planning Information Packet provides basic zoning and Countywide Plan land use designation information, an aerial photo of the site, and copies of discretionary entitlements applicable to the property. Pre-Submittal Meeting (fees to be drawn from regular application fees after submittal) A half-hour-long pre-submittal meeting with a planner is recommended once the plans and other application materials have been prepared, but before submitting an application. Staff will review your application materials with you and provide you with a preliminary indication of whether the application materials meet the basic requirements for project review. Meetings must be arranged in advance, and are subject to the availability of planning staff. The property owner and/or applicant must complete and submit this form to the Planning Division along with the required retainer fee and information pertinent to the request. Please see below for more information regarding specific submittal requirements. For Pre-Application requests, the property owner and applicant must complete this form and provide a written description of the project (if available, please also provide site and building plans). A written response will be mailed to the property owner/applicant within 6 to 12 weeks depending on the complexity of the Pre-Application request. If necessary, a meeting with staff may be scheduled to discuss the PreApplication review. Materials submitted in conjunction with the pre-application request may be forwarded to other agencies and community organizations for review and comment...

Small Business Draft - Committee on Ways and Means

Strengthening the Economy and Increasing Wages by Making the Tax Code Simpler and Fairer for America’s Small Businesses Whether operated as sole proprietorships, partnerships, or S corporations, small businesses continue to be the driving force for economic growth and job creation in the American economy and have generated 65 percent of net new jobs over the past 17 years according to the Small Business Administration. Despite their significant contributions, however, small businesses and entrepreneurs face a daunting array of Federal tax rules and regulations that consume valuable time and resources. Consider the following small business facts: Tax compliance costs are 65 percent higher for small businesses than for big• businesses, costing small business owners $18 billion to $19 billion per year. Nearly nine out of every ten small businesses rely on outside tax preparers, and• according to data provided by the Internal Revenue Service, a business taxpayer spends an average of 23 hours on tax compliance. The current patchwork of complex and often inconsistent rules often leads to disparate• results depending on the organizational structure of the business. The combined impact of these tax costs and complexity means fewer resources to expand a business, hire new employees, and increase wages and benefits. Tax reform done right should make the code simpler and fairer, while strengthening our economy. The discussion draft is the result of multiple public hearings and witness testimony. As part of a broader, comprehensive tax reform package that significantly lowers rates for individuals, small businesses, and corporations, the draft reforms and simplifies a number of tax rules affecting small businesses and their workers. The discussion draft also offers two approaches to modernize the way the United States taxes pass-through businesses, such as partnerships and S corporations. In the interest of transparency, the Committee is soliciting feedback from a broad range of stakeholders, practitioners, economists, and members of the general public on how to improve this proposed set of reforms. To help strengthen the economy by helping small businesses expand operations, hire new workers and increase wages and benefits, the discussion draft contains several commonsense reforms that simplify tax compliance for small businesses and provide certainty with respect to the ability of small businesses to recover certain costs immediately. Spur Investment by Providing Permanent Expensing of Investments in Equipment and Property. The draft makes permanent section 179 expensing at pre-stimulus levels, allowing small businesses to deduct immediately investments in new equipment and property up to $250,000, with the deduction phased out for investments exceeding $800,000 (both amounts indexed for inflation). Without legislation, these levels will revert to $25,000 and $200,000, respectively, in 2014, which would be a tax increase for these employers. The draft also makes permanent the current-law provisions allowing computer software and certain investments in real property to qualify for section 179 expensing. This proposal is based on a provision of H.R. 886, introduced by Reps. Jim Gerlach (R-PA) and Ron Kind (D-WI). The proposal applies to tax years after December 31, 2013. Simplify and Expand Use of Cash Accounting for Small Businesses. The draft replaces the current array of complicated tax-accounting rules that apply to small businesses and farms with a uniform rule under which all businesses with gross receipts of $10 million or less may use the cash method of accounting...

Dubai Tours Packages
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An emirate of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai lies right innards the Arabian Desert. Successfully combining technology with the best that nature has to proposal, desert safaris, super malls, beaches, Dubai is commutation right on top with its disproportionate buildings, and skiing to boot. Skiing in a infertile state!?! You can do it, in Dubai.

15-Panduan penulisan Penerbitan Buku Teks

PANDUAN PENULISAN & PENERBITAN BUKU TEKS Panduan ini merupakan petunjuk penulisan buku pelajaran (ilmiah populer) yang digunakan untuk menentukan kelayakan naskah bagi penerbit. Panduan ini membahas pengertian buku pelajaran & diktat, tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran, isi buku pelajaran, sampul buku, bagian pembuka, bagian utama dan bagian penutup serta ketentuan jumlah halaman. Buku Pelajaran (Text book) & Diktat Buku pelajaran adalah bahan/materi pelajaran yang dituangkan secara tertulis dalam bentuk buku dan digunakan sebagai bahan pelajaran (sumber informasi) sebuah mata kuliah bagi mahasiswa dan pengajar susuai dengan kebutuhan lapangan/industry dan tuntutan perkembangan teknologi dan atau kurikulum. Diktat adalah catatan tertulis suatu bidang studi yang disiapkan oleh guru/dosen untuk mempermudah pengayaan materi pelajaran atau bidang studi yang dibahas dalam proses pembelajaran (Ilvandri, 2011). Diktat yang baik merupakan draft buku ajar yang belum diterbitkan. Tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran a. Menyediakan buku susuai dengan kebutuhan mahasiswa, institusi dan lapangan/ industry serta serta tuntutan perkembangan teknologi atau kurikulum. b. Mendorong penulis/dosen untuk berkreasi dan kreatif membagikan ilmunya kepada masyarakat. c. Mendorong penulis untuk meng-update ilmunya sesuai dengan kriteria tuntutan buku layak terbit mencakup subdstansi, bahasa dan potensi pasar. d. Mendukung penulis untuk menerbitkan buku bila belum terbit. Isi Buku Pelajaran Isi buku pelajaran berupa teori, konsep, formula atau aturan terkini dilengkapi dengan contoh-contoh masalah atau studi kasus serta solusinya. Isi buku harus orsinil dengan merujuk dari berbagai sumber. Informasi tepat, dapat dipercaya dan dipertanggungjawabkan kepada pembaca dan semua pihak terkait. Isi tersusun dengan baik atau dengan alur informasi yang mudah dipahami. Buku pelajaran dan diktat yang baik memenuhi tiga aspek pendidikan yaitu ilmu pengetahuan (knowledge), keterampilan (skills) dan sikap atau perilaku (attitude). Aspek tersebut seperti yang dinyatakan oleh UNESCO (1994) yaitu: Learn to know, Learn to do, Learn to be dan Learn to live together. Ketiga aspek tersebut dipertimbangkan sesuai dengan jenjang pendidikan dan kebutuhan. Sampul Buku Sampul buku bagian depan memuat: a. Judul buku : Judul harus spesifik dan relevan sesuai dengan isi buku dan menggunakan kata-kata kunci dan powerful. b. Nama penulis : Nama penulis ditulis lengkap, tidak menggunakan nama samaran sesuai dengan ketentuan penulis buku ilmiah. c. Logo atau nama penerbit bila sudah diterbitkan...

Peluang Korupsi dalam Proses Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa ...

Jumlah pengadaan barang dan jasa di lembaga publik rata-rata mencapai sekitar 15%-30% dari GDP. Banyaknya pengadaan barang dan jasa di lembaga-lembaga pemerintah, merupakan peluang yang menggiurkan dan tentunya meningkatkan resiko terjadinya korupsi. Besarnya kerugian akibat korupsi diperkirakan mencapai 10%-25% pada skala normal. Dalam beberapa kasus, kerugian yang ditimbulkan mencapai 40%-50% dari nilai kontrak. “Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa” –atau dalam istilah asing disebut sebagai procurement– muncul karena adanya kebutuhan akan suatu barang atau jasa, mulai dari pensil, seprei, aspirin untuk kebutuhan rumah sakit, bahan bakar kendaraan milik pemerintah, peremajaan mobil dan armada truk, peralatan sekolah dan rumah sakit, perlengkapan perang untuk instansi militer, perangkat ringan atau berat untuk perumahan, pembangunan, untuk jasa konsultasi serta kebutuhan jasa lainnya (seperti pembangunan stasiun pembangkit listrik atau jalan tol hingga menyewa jasa konsultan bidang teknik, keuangan, hukum atau fungsi konsultasi lainnya). Istilah pengadaan barang dan jasa diartikan secara luas, mencakup penjelasan dari tahap persiapan, penentuan dan pelaksanaan atau administrasi tender untuk pengadaan barang, lingkup pekerjaan atau jasa lainnya. Pengadaan barang dan jasa juga tak hanya sebatas pada pemilihan rekanan proyek dengan bagian pembelian (purchasing) atau perjanjian resmi kedua belah pihak saja, tetapi mencakup seluruh proses sejak awal perencanaan, persiapan, perijinan, penentuan pemenang tender hingga tahap pelaksanaan dan proses administrasi dalam pengadaan barang, pekerjaan atau jasa seperti jasa konsultasi teknis, jasa konsultasi keuangan, jasa konsultasi hukum atau jasa lainnya. Transparency International (TI) mendefinisikan korupsi sebagai suatu tindakan penyalahgunaan kekuasaan yang bertujuan menghasilkan keuntungan pribadi. Pengertian “keuntungan pribadi” ini harus ditafsirkan secara luas, termasuk juga di dalamnya keuntungan pribadi yang diberikan oleh para pelaku ekonomi kepada kerabat dan keluarganya, partai politik atau dalam beberapa kasus ditemukan bahwa keuntungan tersebut disalurkan ke organisasi independen atau institusi amal dimana pelaku politik tersebut memiliki peran serta, baik dari sisi keuangan atau sosial. Sejauh ini, jarang sekali ditemukan penjelasan terperinci dalam hukum kriminal tentang definisi korupsi. Umumnya, hukum kriminal masih mencampur-adukan tindak kejahatan korupsi dengan tindak kejahatan lainnya, yang kemudian juga disebut sebagai tindak pidana korupsi misalnya, penyuapan (baik pemberi maupun penerima) oleh para pejabat pemerintah baik lokal maupun asing dan perusahaan-perusahaan pribadi, pemberian uang pelicin, penipuan, penipuan data dalam tender, penggelapan, pencurian, tender arisan (kolusi antar sesama peserta tender), suap di lembaga legislatif, dan lain-lain. Biasanya, bentuk dan hukuman atas pelanggaran terhadap hukum kriminal masing-masing negara berbeda, meski pada intinya perbuatan tersebut merupakan tindak pidana korupsi. Korupsi adalah tindak kejahatan yang diatur. Hal tersebut berdasar pada kenyataan bahwa pemberi dan penerima suap adalah penjahat, maka diperkirakan kedua belah pihak akan berupaya untuk menutupi kejahatan mereka. Bentuk Korupsi dalam Proses Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa Dikutip dan disarikan dari Buku Panduan Mencegah Korupsi dalam Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa Publik, TII, 2006 Dalam pengadaan barang dan jasa di pemerintah, ada beberapa bentuk korupsi. Bentuk yang paling sering dilakukan dan terang-terangan adalah penyuapan dan pemberian uang pelicin (uang rokok, uang bensin dan sebagainya) hingga bentuk lainnya yang lebih halus dalam bentuk korupsi politik. Penyuapan vs Uang Pelicin. Biasanya, kasus penyuapan dalam jumlah yang besar diberikan kapada pejabat senior pemerintah (pembuat keputusan) untuk menghasilkan keputusan menguntungkan si penyuap. Sedangkan Uang Pelicin, biasanya berupa pemberian uang dalam jumlah yang lebih kecil, yang pada umumnya diberikan kepada pegawai rendahan dengan maksud untuk mempercepat atau mempermudah masalah terutama yang terkait persoalan hukum (misalnya dalam pemeriksaan bagasi oleh pihak bea cukai) atau uang pelicin untuk memperlancar pembayaran akibat keterlambatan pembayaran,...

PRE-AWARD AUDIT UNTUK PENGADAAN BARANG JASA ...

PRE-AWARD AUDIT UNTUK PENGADAAN BARANG JASA SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENINGKATAN PERAN APIP Pengadaan barang/jasa masih menjadi primadona bagi pelaku korupsi di Indonesia. Kondisi ini diperburuk dengan APIP yang masih mengandalkan post audit yaitu melakukan audit setelah proses pengadaan barang jasa selesai. Dengan post audit peran APIP sebagai quality assurance proses pengadanaan barang/jasa kurang optimal dimana penghematan dan best value of money tidak tercapai optimal. Alternatif terbaik bagi APIP adalah lebih banyak melakukan current audit untuk menghasilkan penghematan. Korupsi di Indonesia paling banyak dilakukan lewat modus pengadaan barang/jasa pemerintah. Proyek Fasilitas Olah Raga di Hambalang, Bogor dengan nilai Rp 2,5 Trilyun menurut BPK terdapat indikasi kerugian negara Rp 243,66 milliar (Kompas.com, 31 Oktober 2012), Proyek simulator SIM senilai Rp 196 milliar diduga dikorupsi sehingga menimbulkan kerugian Negara sebesar Rp 144 milliar (Tempo.com, 24 April 2012), dan Proyek pengadaan Al-quran dan Laboratorium yang membagi-bagi fee Rp. 103,2 milliar (Kompas.com, 6 Mei 2013). Data di atas menunjukkan bahwa seandainya uang tersebut dapat dicegah sebelum terjadi transaksi pengadaan barang/jasa dapat dibayangkan penghematan yang dapat dilakukan. Pengalaman Negara Amerika Serikat dalam menerapkan pre-award audit berhasil menghemat anggaran Negara dengan cukup signifikan. Laporan US Government Accountability Office atas manajemen pengadaan barang/jasa di lingkungan Veterans Affairs Federal Supply Schedule dari tahun 1999 sampai dengan 2004 menunjukkan penghematan besar dari penerapan pre-award audit dibandingkan dengan post-award audit. Tabel 1 menunjukkan hasil penghematan yang bisa dilakukan melalui audit pre award dan audit post award dalam proses pengadaan barang/jasa bidang kesehatan dimana pre award menghasilkan penghematan yang lebih besar dibandingkan dengan post award. Dalam kurun waktu 5 (lima) tahun terakhir penghematan melalui pre award mencapai 62,68 % dari total penghematan yang mencapai $ 240,6 millon. Pengalaman Amerika Serikat menghemat anggaran Negara dari pengadaan barang/jasa melalui penerapan pre award bisa memberikan inspirasi bagi APIP melakukan audit pengadaan barang/jasa dengan pre award. Ketika para auditor hanya terlibat pada akhir proses pengadaan barang/jasa (post award) maka penghematan biaya/anggaran publik sering tidak tercapai. 2. Pembahasan 2.1 Apakah pre-award audit Sesuai dengan pembahasan dalam Forum Komunikasi JFA dan Kepegawaian tahun 2010, preaward audit didefinisikan sebagai audit yang dilaksanakan untuk memberikan keyakinan yang memadai bahwa calon penyedia barang/jasa yang diusulkan oleh panitia pengadaan memiliki kelayakan/kemampuan kerja dan keuangan untuk melaksanakan kontrak serta harga yang ditawarkan adalah wajar dan secara ekonomis menguntungkan negara. Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) mendefinisikan pre-award audit sebagai “an evaluation of a prospective contractor’s capability to perform a proposed contract” (FAR, 2005). USAID dalam Contract Information Bulletin 92-16 menyatakan bahwa “A pre-award audit is a tool that the contracting officer can use to acquire information in order to determine the reasonableness of the offeror's proposed cost or price. The pre-award audit is a detailed analysis of the proposal, and contains information on the basis and method used by the offeror in proposal preparation, and any discrepancies in the way in which the cost or pricing data were used in preparing the proposal. (USAID, 1992). Dari penjelasan di atas maka pre-award audit merupakan audit atas kemampuan calon kontraktor /penawar (offeror) menyelesaikan pekerjaan dan memastikan biaya atau harga yang diajukan dalam penawaran merupakan biaya dan harga yang rasional. Tujuan utama dari pre-award audit antara lain sebagai upaya pencegahan korupsi, kolusi, dan nepotisme dalam proses pengadaan barang/jasa. Disamping tujuan tersebut, pre-award audit juga bertujuan memberikan pendapat (quality assurance) bahwa proses pengadaan barang/jasa telah taat pada peraturan, kemampuan penyedia barang/jasa menyelesaikan pekerjaan , dan kewajaran harga penawaran...

CmpSci 491IP, iOS Programming Spring 2013, TuTh 9:30 - 10:45 ...

CmpSci 491IP, iOS Programming Book: Beginning iPhone 6 Development, Dave Mark and Jeff LaMarche, Apress. Currently only available as an e-book, direct from publisher Optional Reference: Programming in Objective-C 2.0, 2nd Edition, Stephen Kochan, Addison Wesley In this seminar we will be exploring how to program Apple iDevices. While they are just plain cool and fun to work with, the “serious intellectual motivation” for our work is that mobile platforms are now a major part of the industry, and present special challenges such as limited power, memory, and screen space. They also offer some exciting hardware features such as touch-screen, accelerometer, location awareness, camera, sound, etc., and of course extreme portability, that make possible some innovative applications. Learning ObjectiveC and the Cocoa Touch API is, like learning any new language, a good exercise to develop mental flexibility and new perspectives on how languages and OO libraries can be designed. We are jumping to iOS 6, even though books and resources for learning it are still scarce because it presents new approaches and paradigms that are likely to last a while. However, many of the basics remain the same. So we’ll start with basics, and then later will transition to iOS 6 specific features as necessary and depending on people’s interests. Because this is a seminar, there is flexibility to explore different aspects of the APIs, and because the library is huge, we can’t hope to cover it all. The class will be run as a seminar in which students prepare and give presentations. Initially, I’ll do a few lectures to lay some groundwork and provide time for you to prepare. At least a week before your presentation, you should schedule a time with me to plan what you will do with your time. You have an hour or more, and I expect you to use it. Your presentations can begin with walking the class through examples from the book, but part of the grading of them will be in how much you take us beyond the book. If you have a laptop that can run XCode and the iPhone simulator, you should always bring it to class, because we’ll be actively going through examples, testing out ideas, sharing what we discover, and sometimes helping each other with solving problems. Later in the semester, we’ll switch into project mode. You’ll be developing a project proposal for an app, including a simple business plan, schedule, and so on. Projects can be done individually or in a team. During that phase, some class time will be devoted to project reviews and demos, working as a group to come up with solutions to problems, etc. Projects will be proposed and get under way while we are still in the first phase of the course. ..

Heart Attack Symptoms and Calling 9-1-1 Campaign for Spanish ...

Heart Attack Symptoms and Calling 9-1-1 Campaign for Spanish Speaking Women Proposals must be received no later than November 1, 2012, at 5:00 p.m. Mountain Time. Please submit proposals in Microsoft Word or PDF format to owhapplication@jsi.com or mail to JSI, ATTN: Jodie Albert, 1725 Blake Street, Suite 400, Denver, Colorado 80202. Please DO NOT submit proposals to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office on Women’s Health (OWH) or the Regional Offices on Women’s Health. Please read and follow all instructions prior to preparing and submitting your proposal. B. Funding Available Funding is available for activities and events in support of the Spanish language awareness campaign, “Make The Call. Don’t Miss a Beat”. Building upon the national public awareness begun under this campaign in 2011, the outreach focus of the campaign in 2013 is to encourage Spanish speaking Latinas from across the country over age 50 to recognize the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and to call 9-1-1 promptly. Community-based partnerships and collaborations with Hispanic/Latino organizations/entities are strongly encouraged and funding priority will be given to applicants demonstrating these partnerships. One $10,000 award will be made per DHHS region. This is a competitive process. All proposals will be reviewed by an objective technical review panel. Applicants will be notified by e-mail or mail by December 10, 2012 regarding funding decisions. C. Who Can Apply Funding is available to eligible entities located in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the six U.S.Affiliated Pacific Island Jurisdictions, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Eligible entities include public and private organizations, community- and faith-based organizations, health professionals’ organizations, colleges and universities, community health centers, hospitals, health departments, and tribal and urban Indian organizations. Organizations may submit only one proposal for this funding opportunity. If more than one proposal is submitted by any one organization, none of the proposals from that organization will be reviewed or considered for funding. An exception will be made for national organizations with affiliates where individually incorporated affiliates of the same national organization may each submit a proposal for consideration. An exception will also be made for universities with the caveat that different schools within the same university may not submit more than one proposal. Finally, organizations working together on the same project may only submit one proposal for that project. Background OWH was established in 1991 in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, within the Office of the Secretary. Its mission is to improve the health of American women by advancing and coordinating a comprehensive women’s health agenda throughout the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The HHS Office on Women’s Health is the government’s champion and primary agent for women’s health issues, working to redress inequities in research, health care services, and education that have historically placed the health of women at risk. OWH is the Department’s focal point for ensuring that women’s health policy, practice, and research are mutually informed and effectively integrated within HHS. OWH accomplishes this by collaborating with other federal and non-federal partners on behalf of women and girls. OWH provides leadership to promote equity for women and girls through sex and gender specific approaches. OWH has staff located in Washington, D.C. and a network of Regional Women’s Health Coordinators (RWHCs) located in each of the ten federal regions. The RWHCs coordinate and implement national public health initiatives to promote a greater focus on women's health issues at the regional, state, and local levels. The RWHCs advance the mission of the OWH by administering programs that improve the health of women in communities across the country and by coordinating activities in health care service delivery, research, and public and health professional education. Sensitivity to local, state, and regional needs in women's health is reflected in their work to identify priority health areas, to establish networking relationships, and to implement initiatives addressing regional women's health concerns. For additional information about the RWHCs and the regional offices.As part of its strategic plan, OWH continues to fund evidence-based interventions to address gaps in women’s health that are not addressed at the national level by any other public or private entity. ..

EECE 418 – Pre-proposal: The Interface on the LG Chocolate ...

EECE 418 – Pre-proposal: The Interface on the LG Chocolate TG800 Cellular Phone Description I have chosen the interface of the LG Chocolate TG800, a popular last-generation GSM cellular phone. The LG Chocolate was originally marketed as a mid-level slide-up camera phone for the style-conscientious user. The TG800 is a slide phone; the phone is unlocked and ready to receive input when the top section of the cell phone is slid upwards, revealing a standard T9 keypad as indicated in the figure below. Figure 1: LG Chocolate TG800 Slide Phone The entire region surrounding and inside the silver box on the top of the phone acts as nine different buttons, all of which are touch-sensitive. On either side of the phone are two tactile buttons. The three interface problems I am addressing with the TG800 are: 1. User has no visual cues to suggest what the four short-cut arrows do. 2. The button which allows the user to access certain features during a call (such as to hold the call or mute) is immediately adjacent to the end-call button. 3. The buttons on one side of the phone allows for volume adjustments while the buttons on the other side of the phone allows the user to turn off the phone or hang up; it is easy to accidentally press the power button when we simply wish to adjust the volume. These problems will be explained in further detail in the next section. Analysis The LG Chocolate interface allows the user to access the various functions of the phone; the user can make a call, take photos with the built-in camera or listen to music stored on the internal memory, and perform many other tasks through the phone interface. As with most cellular phones, the user demographics of the LG Chocolate are extremely wide and varied. While the product may have been marketed towards young, style-savvy users, the LG Chocolate has been adopted by members of other demographics. The following is a very small sampling of possible functional and non-functional requirements of the LG Chocolate phone: Functional Requirements: 1. The interface must allow for the user to make calls from the default state by either inputting the number to be dialed on the keypad or the user may scroll through the contact list and select a contact to call. 2. The interface must allow for the user to access the phone’s additional features including the camera, media player, etc. 3. The interface must allow for the user to quickly answer incoming calls and disconnect when finished. 4. The interface must allow for the user to adjust the volume of the speaker during a call. 5. The interface must allow for the user to access advanced calling features mid-call. Non-Functional Requirements: 1. The interface must respond to user input in no more than 0.5 seconds at any given time. One major problem with the interface of the LG Chocolate is the use of the arrow shortcut keys. The arrow keys on the touch pad allow the user to navigate menus in a self-explanatory manner. However, when the phone is in the default state, immediately after sliding the cover up and unlocking the phone, the four arrows are mapped to different functions, allowing the user to bypass the traditional menu screen and access specific components of the phone’s features quickly. However, since there are no visual cues to represent what the arrows do, the user must rely solely on memory to determine which features map to these shortcut arrows. Unless the user remembers exactly what the arrows do, it is more efficient to simply navigate through the traditional menu system. Another problem with the LG Chocolate interface is that in order to access the phone’s...

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