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contoh kertas projek joint venture

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Understanding target clients by their browsing activities lays the foundation of data feeds. This web marketing software can take your business to the next level of success.

Softail Oil Change
by Handmatige installatie 0 Comments favorite 4 Viewed Download 0 Times

Softail Oil Change From time to time I see question on the forum regarding doing an oil change on a Harley and more specifically about doing a scavenging oil change on a Softail. Since there didn't seem to be a good thread on doing an oil change with pictures, I thought I would write something up. This oil change was done on a 2001 Fat Boy. So, some of the tools and procedure may be different for your specific application. Tools Motorcycle lift 1/4" Allen head socket or long Allen head tool (for engine oil and transmission oil drain plugs) 3/8" Allen head socket or Allen head tool (transmission oil fill plug) 3/8" drive ratchet wrench 6" long 3/8" drive extension 3/8" drive universal joint (may or may not need depending on bike location on lift) 1/4" drive ratchet wrench T27 Torx head socket or torx head tool (primary cover screws) T40 Torx head socket or torx head tool (primary oil drain plug) Oil filter wrench Oil catch tool for filter (optional) Oil drain pan (preferably 2) Flashlight 3/8" Fuel / Oil line removal tool (Scavenging oil change ONLY) Clear tygon tubing (Scavenging oil change ONLY)

DOG PAIN AWAY
by nexstepbiosciences 0 Comments favorite 13 Viewed Download 0 Times

Dog Pain Away is a revolutionary all-natural alternative to drugs for your Dog. Clinically developed to address the needs of all dogs suffering from joint pain, decreased flexibility and movement, as well as symptoms of arthritis, wearing of cartilage, increased synovial fluid production and inflammation.

Vaccine Technology Market worth
by david765 0 Comments favorite 15 Viewed Download 0 Times

Within the healthcare industry, the vaccine market was initially considered a low-profit venture but is currently perceived with renewed interest among industry circles due to its high demand with respect to emerging infectious diseases. Furthermore, an improved understanding of the immune system has paved new opportunities for developing novel preventive and therapeutic vaccines. This market research report evaluates the global vaccine market by technology class, types, end users, disease indication, and geography. Furthermore, the technology class is divided into eight segments, namely, live/attenuated, toxoid, conjugate, sub-unit, recombinant vector, DNA, synthetic, and dentritic vaccines. Of the above mentioned segments, sub-unit vaccine is the largest revenue segment; however, synthetic vaccines, recombinant vector vaccines, and DNA vaccines will be the fastest-growing segments. The global vaccine market was valued at $27 billion in the year 2012. At the end of 2013, the market is expected to be $32.05 billion and is poised to reach approximately $84 billion by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 11.36% from 2013 to 2022.

Abney Associates Team A financial advisory practice of Ameriprise Financial Services, Inc.

The first step in investing is defining your dreams for the future. If you are married or in a long-term relationship, spend some time together discussing your joint and individual goals. It's best to be as specific as possible. For instance, you may know you want to retire, but when? If you want to send your child to college, does that mean an Ivy League school or the community college down the street?

Triumph Daytona 675 instructions 06/27/12 69-3064 INSTALLATION ...

INSTALLATION GUIDELINES FOR: TRIUMPH DAYTONA 675 / (Kit # 69-3064): 1) Be sure to use Blue Loc-tite on all bolts and periodically check them for tightness. 2) Remove the stock stabilizer by finding each end of the stock unit. One end is attached to the lower side of the triple clamp and can be removed by using a 5mm Allen wrench accessing the bolt from the upper side of the bottom triple clamp. The other end of the stabilizer has a rubber boot covering the Heim joint. Roll the boot back and you can access the other 5mm Allen bolt. This bolt is some cases can be very tight, so as an option you can remove the upper radiator mount, which can be removed by pulling 3 small bolts. This just allows easier access to the Allen bolt that holds the rear of the stock stabilizer. Once the stock damper is removed the radiator bracket can be re-installed. 3) Remove the large main nut and washer that holds your triple clamp on. This is an odd-size nut (37.5mm) so you may need to use a crescent wrench to remove it, if you don’t have that size socket. 4) Install the new triple clamp damper mount (TC mount) over the steering stem with the “machined register” indexing over the back of your stock triple clamp. It’s machined to fit perfectly over the back edge of the triple clamp. 5) Be sure this TC mount is setting down flush on the triple clamp surface all the way around. Remove any obstructions that would not allow the TC mount to sit flush against your stock triple clamp surface. 6) Install the new 32mm main nut that we provide in the kit. This goes inside the recess on the TC mount and should be tightened to the recommended Torque setting from the factory. Normally a minimum of 50-80 ft lbs. 7) (Note: 32mm sockets are available from Sears at a reasonable price, should you not have one in your tool set). 8) Remove the (2) stock-front-tank retaining bolts. You will use the longer (6x30mm) bolts provided in the kit.

Dewatering discharge pipe
by dewatering 0 Comments favorite 18 Viewed Download 0 Times

Pipe Fittings - Manufacturer and exporter of discharge pipe, industrial pipe fittings, water discharge pipe, water pipe fittings, stainless steel pipe fittings, swing joint, pump discharge pipe, sanitary pipe fittings, discharge through pipe, elbow pipe fitting, industrial swing joint

CABIN AIR FILTER - OEM Auto Parts
by Gaddafi 0 Comments favorite 7 Viewed Download 0 Times

CABIN AIR FILTER BUYER’S GUIDE 06/08/10 CABIN AIR FILTER NUMERICAL SYSTEM (P): Pollen Media (C): Carbon Media CAF: Cabin Air Filter Prefix CAF6P2 6: Sequential Filter Model Number Filters per Package: No number: 1Filter 2: Two of the same Filter 3: Three of the same Filter SET: Two Filters; not the same. ASY: Housing and Filter Assembly. Cabin Air Filters Reference Guide Part # Year Apps Part # Filter-Cabin Air CAF1P CAF2C CAF2P CAF3P CAF4P CAF5P CAF6C2 CAF6P2 CAF7P CAF8P2 CAF9C CAF9P CAF10C CAF10P CAF11C CAF11P CAF12P CAF13P2 CAF14P CAF15P CAF16P CAF18P2 CAF19P CAF20C CAF20P CAF21P CAF23C2 CAF23P2 2007-96 FORD: TAURUS - MERCURY : SABLE 2002-95 FORD: CONTOUR - MERCURY : COUGAR, MYSTIQUE 2002-95 FORD: CONTOUR - MERCURY : COUGAR, MYSTIQUE 2007-99 FORD: FREESTAR, WINDSTAR - MERCURY : MONTEREY 1997-95 LINCOLN : CONTINENTAL, MARK VIII 2002-98 LINCOLN : CONTINENTAL, MARK VIII 2004-99 CADILLAC: ESCALADE - CHEVROLET: AVALANCHE, SILVERADO 1500, SILVERADO 1500 HD, SILVERADO 2500, SILVERADO 2500 HD, SILVERADO 3500, SUBURBAN 1500, SUBURBAN 2500, TAHOE - GMC : C3500 PICKUP, SIERRA 1500, SIERRA 1500 HD, SIERRA 2500, SIERRA 2500HD, SIERRA 3500, SIERRA C3, SIERRA DENALI, YUKON, YUKON XL 1500, YUKON XL 2500 2004-99 CADILLAC: ESCALADE - CHEVROLET: AVALANCHE, SILVERADO 1500, SILVERADO 1500 HD, SILVERADO 2500, SILVERADO 2500 HD, SILVERADO 3500, SUBURBAN 1500, SUBURBAN 2500, TAHOE - GMC : C3500 PICKUP, SIERRA 1500, SIERRA 1500 HD, SIERRA 2500, SIERRA 2500HD, SIERRA 3500, SIERRA C3, SIERRA DENALI, YUKON, YUKON XL 1500, YUKON XL 2500 2010-97 BUICK: ALLURE, CENTURY, LACROSSE, REGAL CHEVROLET: IMPALA, MONTE CARLO OLDSMOBILE: INTRIGUE - PONTIAC : GRAND PRIX 2003-98 ACURA: CL, TL - HONDA : ACCORD 2010-93 AUDI: TT, TT QUATTRO - VOLKSWAGEN : BEETLE, CABRIO, GOLF, JETTA, PASSAT 2010-93 AUDI: TT, TT QUATTRO - VOLKSWAGEN : BEETLE, CABRIO, GOLF, JETTA, PASSAT 2009-98 AUDI : A4, A4 QUATTRO, A6, A6 QUATTRO, ALLROAD QUATTRO, RS4, RS6, S4, S6 2009-98 AUDI : A4, A4 QUATTRO, A6, A6 QUATTRO, ALLROAD QUATTRO, RS4, RS6, S4, S6 2000-93 VOLVO : 850, C70, S70, S90, V70, V90 2000-93 VOLVO : 850, C70, S70, S90, V70, V90 2003-95 LAND ROVER : DISCOVERY, RANGE ROVER 2004-96 ACURA : RL 2010-99 ACURA: MDX - HONDA : ODYSSEY, PILOT, RIDGELINE 2007-97 HONDA : CR-V, INSIGHT 2010-03 ACURA: CSX, MDX, RDX, RL, TL, TSX, ZDX HONDA : ACCORD, ACCORD HYBRID, CIVIC, CIVIC HYBRID, CR-V, ODYSSEY, RIDGELINE 2010-01 ACURA: CSX, RSX - HONDA : CIVIC, CIVIC HYBRID, CR-V, ELEMENT 2008-97 FORD: EXPEDITION, F-150 PICKUP, F-250 PICKUP, F-250 SUPER DUTY PICKUP, F-350 PICKUP, F-350 SUPER DUTY PICKUP, F-450 SUPER DUTY PICKUP, F-550 SUPER DUTY PICKUP - LINCOLN : BLACKWOOD, NAVIGATOR 2010-00 FORD : FOCUS, TRANSIT CONNECT 2010-00 FORD : FOCUS, TRANSIT CONNECT 2008-01 FORD: ESCAPE - MAZDA: TRIBUTE - MERCURY : MARINER 2000-96 CHEVROLET: VENTURE - OLDSMOBILE: SILHOUETTE - PONTIAC : MONTANA, TRANS SPORT 2000-96 CHEVROLET: VENTURE - OLDSMOBILE: Year Apps Filter-Cabin Air CAF23P2 Co CAF24C3 CAF24P3 CAF25PASY CAF27C2 CAF27P2 CAF28P CAF29P CAF30P CAF31CSET CAF32P CAF33P CAF34C CAF35C CAF36C CAF38P CAF39P CAF40P2 CAF41P CAF43P CAF44C CAF44P CAF46P CAF47C CAF47P CAF49P CAF50P CAF51C CAF51P CAF52C CAF52P CAF53P2 CAF54C2 CAF54P2 CAF55C CAF56P2 CAF57P CAF58C CAF58P CAF59P CAF60P CAF61P2 CAF62P2 1 2000-96 SILHOUETTE - PONTIAC : MONTANA, TRANS SPORT 2005-97 BUICK: PARK AVENUE - CADILLAC : SEVILLE 2005-97 BUICK: PARK AVENUE - CADILLAC : SEVILLE 2005-00 BUICK: LESABRE - OLDSMOBILE: AURORA PONTIAC : BONNEVILLE 2009-01 BUICK: RENDEZVOUS, TERRAZA - CHEVROLET: UPLANDER, VENTURE - OLDSMOBILE: SILHOUETTE - PONTIAC: AZTEK, MONTANA SATURN : RELAY-1, RELAY-2, RELAY-3 2009-01 BUICK: RENDEZVOUS, TERRAZA - CHEVROLET: UPLANDER, VENTURE - OLDSMOBILE: SILHOUETTE - PONTIAC: AZTEK, MONTANA SATURN : RELAY-1, RELAY-2, RELAY-3 2008-02 PONTIAC: VIBE - TOYOTA : COROLLA, MATRIX 2010-00 LEXUS: ES330, GX470, RX330, RX350, RX400H TOYOTA : AVALON, CAMRY, SIENNA, SOLARA 2010-00 SCION: TC, XA, XB - TOYOTA : ECHO, RAV4 2001-92 LEXUS : ES300 2000-98 LEXUS : GS300, GS400 2010-99 LEXUS: IS300, RX300 - TOYOTA : HIGHLANDER, HIGHLANDER HYBRID 2010-01 LEXUS : GS300, GS430, LS430, SC430 2002-98 MERCURY: VILLAGER - NISSAN : QUEST 2008-00 CHRYSLER: PACIFICA, TOWN & COUNTRY, VOYAGER - DODGE: CARAVAN, GRAND CARAVAN SATURN : L SERIES 2004-01 SATURN : L SERIES, LS SERIES, LW SERIES 2009-02 CHEVROLET: EQUINOX - PONTIAC: TORRENT SATURN: VUE - SUZUKI : XL-7 2004-99 SUZUKI : GRAND VITARA, VITARA 2003-99 HYUNDAI : SONATA, XG300, XG350 2002-00 HYUNDAI : ACCENT 2000-98 AUDI : A6 QUATTRO 2000-98 AUDI : A6 QUATTRO 2002-94 AUDI: 90, 90 QUATTRO, A4, A4 QUATTRO, CABRIOLET, S4 - VOLKSWAGEN : PASSAT 2003-97 AUDI : A8, A8 QUATTRO, S8 2003-97 AUDI : A8, A8 QUATTRO, S8 1999-98 BMW : 318I, M3 1995-92 BMW : 525I, 530I, 535I, 540I, 735I, 735IL, 740I, 740IL, 750IL, M5 2006-02 MINI : COOPER 2006-02 MINI : COOPER 2010-03 BMW : Z4 2010-03 BMW : Z4 2003-00 BMW : Z8 2009-02 BMW : 745I, 745LI, 750I, 750LI, 760I, 760LI 2009-02 BMW : 745I, 745LI, 750I, 750LI, 760I, 760LI 2004-02 LEXUS : ES300, GX470, RX330 2007-98 LEXUS : LX470 2005-00 FORD: ESCORT ZX2, THUNDERBIRD - JAGUAR: S-TYPE - LEXUS: SC400 - LINCOLN : LS 2007-02 JAGUAR : X-TYPE 2007-02 JAGUAR : X-TYPE 2002-00 MAZDA : 626 2010-00 MAZDA: MPV - MITSUBISHI: ENDEAVOR, GALANT SUBARU: B9 TRIBECA, LEGACY, OUTBACK, TRIBECA - TOYOTA : 4RUNNER, CELICA, FJ CRUISER, PRIUS, SIENNA 2002-01 MAZDA : MILLENIA 2006-96 MAYBACH: 57, 62 - MERCEDES-BENZ : CL500, Cabin Air Filters Reference Guide Part # Year Apps Part # Filter-Cabin Air CAF62P2 Co CAF63P CAF64C CAF64P CAF65C CAF65P CAF66CSET CAF67C2 CAF68C CAF68P CAF69C CAF69P CAF71P CAF73C CAF74P CAF75PSET CAF77C CAF78C CAF78P CAF79P CAF80C CAF80P CAF81C2 CAF81P2 CAF82P CAF83P CAF84C CAF84P CAF85C CAF86C CAF87C CAF87P CAF88P CAF90C2 2006-96 CL55, CL600, CL65 AMG, E300D, E320, E420, E430, E55, S350, S430, S500, S55, S600, S65 AMG 2002-97 MERCEDES-BENZ : SL320, SL500, SL600 1999-92 MERCEDES-BENZ : 300SD, 300SE, 400SE, 500SEL, 600SEL, CL500, CL600, S320, S350D, S420, S500, S600 1999-92 MERCEDES-BENZ : 300SD, 300SE, 400SE, 500SEL, 600SEL, CL500, CL600, S320, S350D, S420, S500, S600 2008-94 CHRYSLER: CROSSFIRE - MERCEDES-BENZ : C220, C230, C280, C36, C43, CLK320, CLK430, CLK55, SLK230, SLK32, SLK320 2008-94 CHRYSLER: CROSSFIRE - MERCEDES-BENZ : C220, C230, C280, C36, C43, CLK320, CLK430, CLK55, SLK230, SLK32, SLK320 2006-96 MERCEDES-BENZ : CL500, CL55, CL600, CL65 AMG, E300D, E320, E420, E430, E55, S350, S430, S500, S55, S600 2009-03 MERCEDES-BENZ : SL500, SL55, SL55 AMG, SL550, SL600, SL63 AMG, SL65 AMG, SLR MCLAREN 2008-02 INFINITI: FX35, FX45, G35, M45, Q45 - NISSAN : ALTIMA, MAXIMA, MURANO 2008-02 INFINITI: FX35, FX45, G35, M45, Q45 - NISSAN : ALTIMA, MAXIMA, MURANO 2010-97 PORSCHE : 911, BOXSTER, CAYMAN 2008-97 PORSCHE : 911, BOXSTER, CAYMAN 2005-02 LAND ROVER : FREELANDER 2007-99 SAAB : 9-5 2001-99 HONDA : PRELUDE 2006-01 SUBARU : BAJA, LEGACY, OUTBACK 2010-99 VOLVO : C70, S60, S80, V70, XC70, XC90 1997-93 VOLKSWAGEN : PASSAT 1997-93 VOLKSWAGEN : PASSAT 2009-00 HONDA : S2000 2015-98 BMW : 323CI, 323I, 323IC, 323IS, 325CI, 325I, 325XI, 328CI, 328I, 328IC, 328IS, 330CI, 330I, 330XI, M3, X3 2015-98 BMW : 323CI, 323I, 323IC, 323IS, 325CI, 325I, 325XI, 328CI, 328I, 328IC, 328IS, 330CI, 330I, 330XI, M3, X3 2003-97 BMW : 525I, 528I, 528IT, 530I, 540I, 540IT, M5 2003-97 BMW : 525I, 528I, 528IT, 530I, 540I, 540IT, M5 2004-00 VOLVO : S40, V40 2001-97 CADILLAC : CATERA 2005-00 BUICK: LESABRE - OLDSMOBILE: AURORA PONTIAC : BONNEVILLE 2005-00 BUICK: LESABRE - OLDSMOBILE: AURORA PONTIAC : BONNEVILLE 2010-00 CADILLAC : DEVILLE, DTS 2007-03 CADILLAC: ESCALADE - CHEVROLET: AVALANCHE, SILVERADO 1500, SILVERADO 1500 HD, SILVERADO 2500, SILVERADO 2500 HD, SILVERADO 3500, TAHOE - GMC: SIERRA 1500, SIERRA 1500 HD, SIERRA 2500, SIERRA 2500 HD, SIERRA 3500, SIERRA DENALI, YUKON, YUKON XL 1500 - HUMMER : H2 2010-05 CHRYSLER: 300 - DODGE : CHARGER, MAGNUM 2010-05 CHRYSLER: 300 - DODGE : CHARGER, MAGNUM 2010-03 CADILLAC : CTS, SRX, STS 2004-00 INFINITI: I30, I35 - NISSAN : MAXIMA Year Apps Filter-Cabin Air CAF90P2 CAF91P2 2004-00 INFINITI: I30, I35 - NISSAN : MAXIMA 2001-88 BUICK: REGAL - CHEVROLET: LUMINA, MONTE CARLO - OLDSMOBILE: CUTLASS SUPREME PONTIAC : GRAND PRIX CAF92C 2006-98 MERCEDES-BENZ : ML320, ML350, ML430, ML500, ML55 CAF92P 2006-98 MERCEDES-BENZ : ML320, ML350, ML430, ML500, ML55 CAF93C 2007-01 MERCEDES-BENZ : C230, C240, C280, C32, C320, C350, C55 AMG, CL55 AMG, CLK320, CLK350, CLK500, CLK55, CLK550 CAF93P 2007-01 MERCEDES-BENZ : C230, C240, C280, C32, C320, C350, C55 AMG, CL55 AMG, CLK320, CLK350, CLK500, CLK55, CLK550 CAF95C 1995-91 ACURA : LEGEND CAF96P2 2004-97 INFINITI: G20, QX4 - NISSAN : ALTIMA, PATHFINDER CAF97P2 1994-93 LEXUS : LS400 CAF98P2 2008-04 NISSAN : QUEST CAF99P 2010-03 CHEVROLET: COBALT, HHR - PONTIAC: G5, PURSUIT - SATURN : ION, ION-2, ION-3 CAF100C 2010-04 PONTIAC: VIBE - TOYOTA : TACOMA CAF100P 2010-04 PONTIAC: VIBE - TOYOTA : TACOMA CAF101P2 2010-04 INFINITI: QX56 - NISSAN : ARMADA, TITAN CAF102P2 2004-03 NISSAN : FRONTIER, XTERRA CAF103P 2008-03 MAZDA : 6 CAF104P 2006-99 MITSUBISHI : ECLIPSE, GALANT CAF105P 2010-99 JEEP : GRAND CHEROKEE CAF106C2 2001-96 BMW : 740I, 740IL, 750IL CAF106P2 2001-96 BMW : 740I, 740IL, 750IL CAF108P2 2006-03 HYUNDAI : ACCENT CAF109PSET 2006-01 HYUNDAI : SANTA FE, SONATA, XG350 CAF110P 2003-99 VOLKSWAGEN : EUROVAN CAF111C 2008-03 JAGUAR: S-TYPE, VANDEN PLAS - LINCOLN : LS CAF111P 2008-03 JAGUAR: S-TYPE, VANDEN PLAS - LINCOLN : LS CAF114P 2010-01 HYUNDAI: ELANTRA, ENTOURAGE, TIBURON - KIA : SEDONA CAF116P 2008-04 SUZUKI : FORENZA, RENO CAF117P 2006-04 CHEVROLET: EPICA - SUZUKI : VERONA CAF118P2 2010-04 MAZDA : MPV, RX-8 CAF119P 2009-04 KIA : AMANTI CAF121P 2010-04 CHEVROLET: AVEO, AVEO5 - PONTIAC : WAVE CAF122C 2011-04 VOLVO : C30, C70, S40, V50 CAF122P 2011-04 VOLVO : C30, C70, S40, V50 CAF123C 2009-00 BMW: X5 - LAND ROVER : LR3, RANGE ROVER CAF123P 2009-00 BMW: X5 - LAND ROVER : LR3, RANGE ROVER CAF124P 2010-05 FORD : MUSTANG CAF125P2 2010-05 NISSAN: FRONTIER, PATHFINDER, XTERRA SUZUKI : EQUATOR CAF126P 2010-05 HYUNDAI: GENESIS COUPE, TUCSON - KIA : RIO, RIO5, RONDO, SPORTAGE CAF127P 2006-03 SUZUKI : GRAND VITARA, XL-7 CAF128P2 2004-99 CHEVROLET : TRACKER CAF129C2 2010-04 BMW : 525I, 525XI, 528I, 528XI, 530I, 530XI, 535I, 535XI, 545I, 550I, 645CI, 650I, M5, M6 CAF129P2 2010-04 BMW : 525I, 525XI, 528I, 528XI, 530I, 530XI, 535I, 535XI, 545I, 550I, 645CI, 650I, M5, M6 CAF130C 2010-06 BMW : 128I, 135I, 325I, 325XI, 328I, 328I XDRIVE, 328XI, 330CI, 330I, 330XI, 335D, 335I, 335I XDRIVE, 335XI CAF131C 2000-95 LEXUS : LS400 CAF132C 2006-05 LAND ROVER : LR3 2 Cabin Air Filters Reference Guide Part # Year Apps CAF132P CAF133C2 CAF134C CAF134P CAF135C CAF135P CAF136C CAF137C CAF137P CAF138C CAF139C CAF140C 2006-05 2001-97 2004-01 2004-01 2003-98 2003-98 2006-97 2010-04 2010-04 2003-90 2007-99 2010-03

solder joints in electronics: design for reliability - Analysis Tech

SOLDER JOINTS IN ELECTRONICS: DESIGN FOR RELIABILITY Werner Engelmaier Engelmaier Associates, L.C. Ormond Beach, FL 32174 (904) 437-8747 ABSTRACT The emerging new technologies provide ever more challenges to assure the reliability of electronic products. The ever increasing demands in electronic products for higher performance, lower cost, less space (weight) is leading to ever denser interconnection needs. This makes solder joint reliability an even more important issue with the advent of new surface mount packages and the use of surface mounted electronics in such hostile environments as the automobile and space. The new packages are characterized by larger sizes, finer pitches, and/or problematic materials which require an up-front ‘Design for Reliability (DfR)’ to meet reliability requirements. The hostile environments can include thermal excursions over temperature ranges in which multiple interactive damage mechanisms are operative. The reliability of electronic assemblies requires a definitive design effort that has to be carried out concurrently with the other design functions during the developmental phase of the product. There exists a misconception in the industry, that quality manufacturing is all that is required to assure the reliability of an electronic assembly. While of course, consistent high quality manufacturing—and all that this implies is a necessary prerequisite to assure the reliability of the product, only a DfR-procedure can assure that the design—manufactured to good quality—will be reliable in its intended application. Explicit DfR-procedures need to be employed to account and compensate, at least in part, for the prevalent damage mechanisms. This needs to be complemented with ‘Design for Manufacturability (DfM)’ which widens the process windows and takes into account the manufacturing capabilities. These demands put an increasing burden on the designers who will require a heightened technical understanding of the underlying issues and more sophisticated design tools. It is for this reason that IPC-D-279, Design Guidelines for Reliable Surface Mount Technology Printed Board Assemblies, has been developed. The ‘Design for Reliability (DfR)’ for solder attachments in electronic interconnections will be the emphasis of this paper....

The 3.8% Tax - National Association of Realtors

Beginning January 1, 2013, a new 3.8 percent tax on some investment income will take effect. Since this new tax will affect some real estate transactions, it is important for REALTORS® to clearly understand the tax and how it could impact your clients. It’s a complicated tax, so you won’t be able to predict how it will affect every buyer or seller. To get you up to speed about this new tax legislation, the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® has developed this informational brochure. On the following pages, you’ll read examples of different scenarios in which this new tax — passed by Congress in 2010 with the intent of generating an estimated $210 billion to help fund President Barack Obama’s health care and Medicare overhaul plans — could be relevant to your clients. Understand that this tax WILL NOT be imposed on all real estate transactions, a common misconception. Rather, when the legislation becomes effective in 2013, it may impose a 3.8% tax on some (but not all) income from interest, dividends, rents (less expenses) and capital gains (less capital losses). The tax will fall only on individuals with an adjusted gross income (AGI) above $200,000 and couples filing a joint return with more than $250,000 AGI.

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