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Specification: JSR-000924 Java® Virtual Machine Specification ("Specification") Version: 7 Status: Final Release Release: July 2011 Copyright © 1997, 2013, Oracle America, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood City, California 94065, U.S.A. Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. The Specification provided herein is provided to you only under the Limited License Grant included herein as Appendix A. Please see Appendix A, Limited License Grant. Table of Contents Preface to the Java SE 7 Edition xi Preface to the Second Edition xiii Preface to the First Edition xv 1 Introduction 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 A Bit of History 1 The Java Virtual Machine 2 Summary of Chapters 3 Notation 4 2 The Structure of the Java Virtual Machine 5 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 The class File Format 5 Data Types 6 Primitive Types and Values 6 2.3.1 Integral Types and Values 7 2.3.2 Floating-Point Types, Value Sets, and Values 8 2.3.3 The returnAddress Type and Values 10 2.3.4 The boolean Type 10 Reference Types and Values 11 Run-Time Data Areas 11 2.5.1 The pc Register 12 2.5.2 Java Virtual Machine Stacks 12 2.5.3 Heap 13 2.5.4 Method Area 13 2.5.5 Run-Time Constant Pool 14 2.5.6 Native Method Stacks 14 Frames 15 2.6.1
Healing Gardens: Creating Places for Restoration, Meditation, and Sanctuary What are the defining characteristics that make a healing garden? Keywords: healing gardens, restoration gardens, sanctuary gardens A thesis Prepared by Annalisa Gartman Vapaa Committee Chair: Dr. Margaret Bryant Committee Member: Brian Katen Committee Member: Bill Mills Defense Date: April 29, 2002 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University College of Architecture and Urban Studies Master’s of Landscape Architecture Abstract The “healing garden” is an evolving concept that is gaining popularity today. What is a healing garden? Why is one garden called a healing garden and not another? How is a healing garden defined? In what way are gardens healing? This thesis describes the ways in which healing gardens are beneficial in healthcare and residential settings. A set of guidelines for the design of healing gardens is created as a result of research findings as well as three design projects that are illustrated in the document.
[384 Pages Report] Silicone Market research report categorizes the global market for silicones market on the basis of type of silicone materials, applications and geography; forecasting volumes and revenue and analyzing trends-A PDF
The real estate rental market is fast paced, competitive and sometimes daunting. During the stress of finding a rental that fits your needs, you sometimes run into yet another brick wall: the landlord. Some landlords can be nosey people. Every corner your turn at an apartment viewing they’re racking off another list of things they need before you’re approved. But before you slip your social, you might want to do some research of your own. Here are five ways to screen your landlord or property manager before you sign a lease. 1. Find Foreclosures According to the Wall Street Journal, it’s an entirely possible that your dream apartment is in the foreclosure process. Meaning, a landlord could try to rent an apartment he or she doesn’t even own. You could lose your deposit, and worse, your home.
Despite increasing levels of integration in modern electronic products, radio receiver designs continue to rely on discrete LC, ceramic, and electro-acoustic devices for the realization of RF and IF bandpass ﬁltering. Although considerable research has been directed at developing suitable switched-capacitor and Gm-C based replacements for these ﬁlters, the resulting designs have yet to see substantial commercial application. A critical problem faced by existing active ﬁlter implementations is found to be the power consumption required to simultaneously achieve narrow fractional bandwidths and acceptable dynamic range. This power consumption, which can reach several hundred milliwatts, is incompatible with portable wireless product design. Additional problems include the complexity of tuning control circuits required to achieve small fractional bandwidths, and diﬃculties in extending ﬁlter designs to higher frequencies. These problems are examined in depth, and performace bounds and new implementation techniques are considered. A detailed study of active ﬁlters reveals that their dynamic range limitations are fundamentally the result of regenerative gain associated with the realization of high-Q poles. Thus, some form of energy storage and exchange mechanism is shown to be required to decrease the regeneration needed. This leads to an investigation of on-chip LC ﬁltering. It ...
1. Introduction The design of the All Digital FM Receiver circuit in this project uses Phase Locked Loop (PLL) as the main core. The task of the PLL is to maintain coherence between the input (modulated) signal frequency, ωi and the respective output frequency, ωo via phase comparison. This self-correcting ability of the system also allows the PLL to track the frequency changes of the input signal once it is locked. Frequency modulated input signal is assumed as a series of numerical values (digital signal) via 8-bit of analog to digital conversion (ADC) circuit. The FM Receiver gets the 8 bit signal every clock cycle and outputs the demodulated signal. The All Digital FM Receiver circuit is designed using VHDL, then simulated and synthesized using ModelSim SE 6 simulator and Xilinx ISE 6.3i, respectively. FPGA implementation also provided, here we use Virtex2 device. The real measurement is done using ChipScope Pro 6.3i. 2. Architecture Description The system of All Digital FM Receiver consists of a digital PLL cascaded with digital low pass filter. The block diagram of system is shown in Fig. 1.
Introduction Foreign exchange (forex or FX for short) is one of the most exciting, fast-paced markets around. Until recently, trading in the forex market had been the domain of large financial institutions, corporations, central banks, hedge funds and extremely wealthy individuals. The emergence of the internet has changed all of this, and now it is possible for average investors to buy and sell currencies easily with the click of a mouse. Daily currency fluctuations are usually very small. Most currency pairs move less than one cent per day, representing a less than 1% change in the value of the currency. This makes foreign exchange one of the least volatile financial markets around. Therefore, many speculators rely on the availability of enormous leverage to increase the value of potential movements. In the forex market, leverage can be as much as 250:1. Higher leverage can be extremely risky, but because of round-the-clock trading and deep liquidity, foreign exchange brokers have been able to make high leverage an industry standard in order to make the movements meaningful for FX traders. (Page 1 of 30) Copyright © 2010, Investopedia.com - All rights reserved.
As You Go Forward xxv. PART ONE The Basics of FOREX. 1. CHAPTER 1. An Introduction to FOREX. 3. FOREX First Steps: What Is It? 6. Why Trade FOREX? 7. Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons is the oldest independent publishing company in the United States. With ofﬁces in North America, Europe, Australia and Asia, Wiley is globally committed to developing and marketing print and electronic products and services for our customers’ professional and personal knowledge and understanding. The Wiley Trading series features books by traders who have survived the market’s ever changing temperament and have prospered—some by reinventing systems, others by getting back to basics. Whether a novice trader, professional or somewhere in-between, these books will provide the advice and strategies needed to prosper today and well into the future. For a list of available titles, visit our Web site at www.WileyFinance.com.
Forex Analysis and Money Management Interactive Qualifying Project Submitted to the Faculty of the WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science Submitted by: Kimberly Maciejczyk Xianjing Hu Advisor: Professor Hossein Hakim March 8, 2012 Abstract In this paper we cover the technical and fundamental aspects of Forex analysis and the development of our own money management and risk assessment system. We also show the inner aspects of a money management company including the legal structure, licenses needed, performance measurement and marketing aspects. Finally, we explored possibilities of autotrading and provided documentation for an indicator and an expert adviser developed in MQL4.