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contoh introduction research paper

Formal Research APA Sample Paper
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Some assignments will call for an abstract. An abstract is a summary of your paper. An abstract should be short and concise but include the topic of your paper, the main points you are writing about, and the conclusions you reach. Do not indent the 1st line of your Abstract It should be written in block format Include a brief sentence summary for all sections of your paper. An abstract is typically 150-250 words long. Your paper should: word Introduction as a heading. It is understood that the opening paragraph of your paper is your introduction. The APA suggests the following set up for an * be double spaced * have 1 inch margins introduction: Introduce the problem, explore the importance of the problem, describe relevant scholarship, and explain your approach to solving the problem. This may vary depending on your assignment. * be typed in Times font * indent paragraphs ½ inch or 5-7 spaces The Body of your Paper Headings should After you write the introduction, you will develop the body of the paper. be boldfaced, centered, and all major words In a formal psychology paper documenting an experiment, the standard capitalized structure for an experiment is: Method, Results, Discussion. Each of these Footnotes can be used to provide additional information sections would use a heading to guide the reader through the paper. The paper ends with References, Footnotes, Appendices and Supplemental Materials1. Consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

APA Research Paper (Mirano) - e-books.bfwpub.com

In March 2004, U.S. Surgeon General Richard Carmona called attention to a health problem in the United States that, until recently, has been overlooked: childhood obesity. Carmona said that the “astounding” 15% child obesity rate constitutes an “epidemic.” Since the early 1980s, that rate has “doubled in children and tripled in adolescents.” Now more than nine million children are classified as obese.1 While the traditional response to a medical epidemic is to hunt for a vaccine or a cure-all pill, childhood obesity has proven more elusive. The lack of success of recent initiatives suggests that medication might not be the answer for the escalating problem. In recent years, policymakers and medical experts have expressed alarm about the growing problem of childhood obesity in the United States. While most agree that the issue deserves attention, consensus dissolves around how to respond to the problem. This literature review examines one approach to treating childhood obesity: medication. The paper compares the effectiveness for adolescents of the only two drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for longterm treatment of obesity, sibutramine and orlistat. This examination of pharmacological treatments for obesity points out the limitations of medication and suggests the need for a comprehensive solution that combines medical, social, behavioral, and political approaches to this complex problem. Source: Diana Hacker (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2006).

apa short research paper
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Professor Haberdasher March 15, 2010 Center and double space your name and the name of your college, university, or institution Center and double space the course title and number, the instructor, and the date Running head: APA SHORT RESEARCH PAPER Include a short title of your paper on every page. Type as: Running head: TITLE IN ALL CAPS Note-- The APA format requires the use of the term Running head for professional journal article submissions. The term Running head appears on the first page. All additional pages should just have the short title without the phrase Running head. Additionally, for short papers, your instructor may not require the term Running head. Center the title The long title of your paper should include the main idea and scope of your paper The title should be typed in 12 point Times font. Do not bold, underline, or italicize the title Education 101 Note – The APA style guidelines were created for submission of formal Psychology articles to professional journals. Your instructor may prefer that you format the title page differently.

Sample Research Papers - UCSB
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o This paper is in the University of Chicago Style—the standard for history. SO YOU CAN USE IT AS A MODEL FOR CITATION. Linguistics: http://www.dianahacker.com/pdfs/Hacker-Shaw-APA.pdf o This piece is written in APA format, so it may be somewhat useful to you. Many linguistics faculty use MLA format instead. Chemistry: http://www.mel.nist.gov/msidlibrary/doc/framework.pdf#search=%22chemistry%20an d%20%22sample%20paper%22%22 o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Education: http://depts.gallaudet.edu/englishworks/writing/apa_sample.html o This paper is written in APA format. SO YOU CAN USE IT AS A MODEL FOR CITATION. Sociology: http://www.teced.com/PDFs/upa2003_lk_tk_paper.pdf#search=%22sociology%20and %20%22sample%20paper%22%22 o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Political Science: http://www.usca.edu/polisci/apls301/sample%20research%20paper.doc o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Film Studies: http://www.filmstudies.ucsb.edu/courses/101ApaperSCAN.pdf o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Economics: http://www.mptceconomics.org/data/Australia_Economy_Article_Critique.pdf o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. English: http://www.dianahacker.com/pdfs/Hacker-Lars-MLA.pdf. o This paper is written in MLA format. SO YOU CAN USE IT AS A MODEL FOR CITATION. Engineering: http://wwwlisc.clermont.cemagref.fr/Labo/MembresEtPagesIntermediaires/pagesperso/ anciens_membres/amblard_frederic/ressources/2002/AmblardAIS%202002.pdf o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Computer Science: http://www.uninova.pt/~cam/ev/AIS2002cam.pdf#search=%22sociology%20and%20% 22sample%20paper%22%22 o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD

Sample Research Paper and Reflection - Center for Teaching and ...

Sample Research Project in the Context of a Freshman Writing Course Prepared by Steve Tollefson, College Writing Programs, UC Berkeley, 2005 Includes Final Research Paper, Annotated Bibliography and Reflection on the Process Internalizing Dead Kings and Ambiguous Art Marian Feldman has been a member of the UC Berkeley faculty for the last seven years and is currently Assistant Professor in the Near Eastern Studies Department. She has published two articles, two reviews, and is in the editing process of her first book. The publications reveal Feldman’s process of internalizing her academic interests by the stylistic differences between the articles. In her professorial career thus far, Feldman has donned various roles as art historian, archaeologist, professor and writer. This paper provides insight as to how Feldman’s personality and different aspects show through in her writing and by changes in her writing over the course of her publishing career thus far. As I enter my first college class, my attention goes to Professor Feldman, a tall, slender woman in a loose pearl blouse with black dress pants. The combination of her graceful stance and scholarly presence distinguishes her already from the chaos of the lecture room. The calm demeanor spreads through the room as she gradually turns the lights down low, signaling the beginning of lecture, and gives life to the art historian’s companion, the slide projector. Her slow and steady speech is punctuated by inflections at nearly every other word and reflects her scholarly presence. She picks her words carefully and you can sense the moment’s thought before each. Her precisely chosen words make each one valuable as I frantically try to catch them all. Feldman incorporates her elevated vocabulary in daily speech and lecture, requiring that I form my own vocabulary list: mélange, koine, cache, lingua franca, etc.

The Basic Outline of a Paper
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The following outline shows a basic format for most academic papers. No matter what length the paper needs to be, it should still follow the format of having an introduction, body, and conclusion. Read over what typically goes in each section of the paper. Use the back of this handout to outline information for your specific paper. The introduction should have some of the following elements, depending on the type of paper:  Start with an attention grabber: a short story, example, statistic, or historical context that introduces the paper topic  Give an overview of any issues involved with the subject  Define of any key terminology need to understand the topic  Quote or paraphrase sources revealing the controversial nature of the subject (argumentative papers only)  Highlight background information on the topic needed to understand the direction of the paper  Write an antithesis paragraph, presenting the primary opposing views (argumentative paper only) The introduction must end with a THESIS statement (a 1 to 2 sentences in length):  Tell what the overall paper will focus on  Briefly outline the main points in the paper.  Clearly present the main points of the paper as listed in the thesis  Give strong examples, details, and explanations to support each main points  If an argumentative paper, address any counterarguments and refute those arguments  If a research paper, use strong evidence from sources—paraphrases, summaries, and quotations that support the main points. Restate your thesis from the introduction in different words  Briefly summarize each main point found in the body of the paper (avoid going over 2 sentences for each point)  Give a statement of the consequences of not embracing the position (argumentative paper only)  End with a strong clincher statement: an appropriate, meaningful final sentence that ties the whole point of the paper together (may refer back to the attention grabber) Additional Tips  Decide on the thesis and main points first  You do not need to start writing your paper with the introduction  Try writing the thesis and body first; then go back and figure out how to best introduce the body and conclude the paper  Use transitions between main points and between examples within the main points  Always keep your thesis in the forefront of your mind while writing; everything in your paper must point back to the thesis  Use the back of this handout to make an outline of your paper

APA-Formatted Research Proposal - Vanguard University of ...

The role of the perceived gender of an infant and the gender of adolescents on ratings of the infant will be explored. Thirty-six junior high students (18 boys and 18 girls) will view a photo of a 3-month-old infant. Students will be told the infant’s name is either “Larry,” “Laurie,” or they will not be told the infant’s name. Each student will rate the infant on 6 bipolar adjective scales (firm/soft, big/little, strong/weak, hardy/delicate, well coordinated/awkward, and beautiful/plain). It is predicted that both the name assigned to the infant and the students’ gender will affect ratings. Implications of the results for parenting and for future research will be discussed.Effect of Infant’s Perceived Gender on Adolescents’ Ratings of the Infant Many researchers agree that gender role socialization begins at the time of an infant’s birth (Haugh, Hoffman, & Cowan, 1980; Honig, 1983). Most parents are extremely interested in learning whether their newborn infant is a boy or a girl, and intentionally or not, this knowledge elicits in them a set of expectations about sex role appropriate traits (Rubin, Provenzano, & Luria, 1974). Empirical research suggests that these initial expectations, which form the basis of gender schemas (Leone & Robertson, 1989), can have a powerful impact on parents’ perceptions of and behavior toward infants (Fagot, 1978; Lewis, 1972). Gender contributes to the initial context within which adults respond to an infant and may become an influential agent in the socializing process and the development of the child’s sense of self (Berndt & Heller, 1986). Stereotyped expectations may influence gender role socialization and the acquisition of sex-typed behavior through a self-fulfilling prophecy process (Darley & Fazio, 1980). Preconceived gender-based expectations may cause the parent to elicit expected behavior from the infant and to reinforce expected behavior when it occurs; this would confirm the parents’ initial expectations.

Your Simple Guide to the Sample Research Paper: - Luther Rice ...

The Luther Rice University & Seminary Manual of Style has been designed as a supplement to Kate L. Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers, 7th ed., rev. Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007), for use at LRU. Turabian should be consulted for matters not addressed in this manual. There are some LRU faculty members that have contributed in one way or another to the production of this manual. In particular, Dr. James M. Kinnebrew, Dean of the Faculty and Professor of Theology, and his wife, Mrs. Sandra Kinnebrew, deserve special mention for producing the university’s first research and writing guide, Your Simple Guide to the Sample Research Paper: An LRS Primer to Writing Turabian Style (2003), of which forms the majority of the first edition of the LRU Style Manual. At one time or another, Smith Library staff have contributed to sections 2 – 4. Originally separate published documents, these guides have helped students over the last decade avoid the pitfalls of plagiarism and citation mistakes. We thought it appropriate to incorporate this valuable information in this first edition. The contributor to the sample research paper contained herein, often referred to as “that hell paper” (further description of this contribution is contained in Dr. Kinnebrew’s introduction) is former LRU student Marvin M.P. Mullins, who graciously gave permission for its use.

Cisco Systems IP Network-Centric Video Surveillance

Recording events for subsequent investigation, proof of compliance / audit purposes As security risks increase, the need to visually monitor and record events in an organization’s environment has become even more important. Moreover, the value of video surveillance has grown significantly with the introduction of motion, heat, and sound detection sensors as well as sophisticated video analytics. As a result, many nontraditional groups have also found value in video monitoring and recording. In transportation, video surveillance systems monitor traffic congestion. In retail, video can be helpful in identifying customer movement throughout a store, or serve to alert management when the number of checkout lines should be changed. Some video analytics packages even offer the ability to identify a liquid spill and generate an alert enabling faster response by custodial services, thus avoiding a slip and fall situation. Product and package shipment operations can use recorded video to help track and validate the movement of cargo and help to locate lost packages. Additionally, video surveillance can be integrated with and complement access control policies, providing video corroboration of access credential use. Video surveillance has evolved not only in its application, but also in its deployment. This paper reviews the evolution of video surveillance, including the emergence of the fourth generation of video surveillance systems. These systems are realized through an open, standards-based, IP-network-centric functional and management architecture. As a network-centric company, Cisco ®

Cisco Systems: - insead
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This case was written by Nir Brueller, Adjunct Professor of Strategy and Affiliated Senior Research Fellow at INSEAD, and Laurence Capron, Professor of Strategy at INSEAD and Research Director of the INSEAD-Wharton Alliance. It is intended to be used as a basis for class discussion rather than to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of an administrative situation. Copyright © 2010 INSEAD TO ORDER COPIES OF INSEAD CASES, SEE DETAILS ON THE BACK COVER. COPIES MAY NOT BE MADE WITHOUT PERMISSION. Returning to his office in San Jose from the Christmas break on 2 January 2007, Richard Palmer, Senior Vice President of Cisco Security Technology Group, was still reflecting on his intense discussions over the past few months with Cisco Corporate Development Group about the ongoing negotiations with Scott Weiss, CEO of privately-held IronPort Systems of San Bruno (California). IronPort was the leading provider of email security solutions, focusing on spam and spyware protection for the enterprise market. By 2007, Cisco was the world leader in networking technology for the internet, having grown from two employees with one product in 1984 to more than 63,000 people, 200 offices worldwide, and 50 product lines. Its product portfolio consisted of several categories: network systems (routers, switches, optical networking), data centre (application networking services, storage networking, data centre switches), collaboration, voice and video (voice and unified communications, video, IPTV, cable and content delivery solutions), mobility/wireless (access points, outdoor wireless, wireless LAN controllers) and security (firewall, virtual private networks, security management). Cisco was also considered to be a best-in-class acquirer of high-tech companies by industry experts as well as corporate strategy practitioners.

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