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contoh gambar diagram majemuk

Laporan lengkap
by Hermawan 0 Comments favorite 104 Viewed Download 0 Times

Potensi bencana alam yang tinggi pada dasarnya tidak lebih dari sekedar refleksi fenomena alam yang secara geografis sangat khas untuk wilayah tanah air kita. Indonesia merupakan Negara kepulauan tempat dimana tiga lempeng besar dunia bertemu, yaitu: lempeng Indo-Australia, Eurasia dan Pasifik. Interaksi antar lempeng-lempeng tersebut lebih lanjut menempatkan Indonesia sebagai wilayah yang memiliki aktivitas kegunungapian dan kegempaan yang cukup tinggi. Lebih dari itu, proses dinamika lempeng yang cukup intensif juga telah membentuk relief permukaan bumi yang khas dan cukup bervariasi, dari wilayah pegunungan dengan lereng-lerengnya yang curam dan seakan menyiratkan potensi longsor yang tinggi hingga wilayah yang landai sepanjang pantai dengan potensi ancaman banjir, penurunan tanah dan tsunaminya (Sadisun, 2005-2006). Berbagai potensi bencana alam yang mungkin timbul sudah sebaiknya harus kita kenal agar karakter bahaya alam tersebut dapat kita minimalkan dampaknya. Selain itu, potensi bencana alam ini telah diperparah oleh beberapa permasalahan lain yang muncul di tanah air kita yang memicu peningkatan kerentanannya. Laju pertumbuhan penduduk yang sangat tinggi merupakan salah satu contoh nyata, sehingga akan banyak membutuhkan kawasan-kawasan hunian baru yang pada akhirnya kawasan hunian tersebut akan terus berkembang dan menyebar hingga mencapai wilayah-wilayah marginal yang tidak selayaknya dihuni. Tidak tertib dan tepatnya perencanaan tata guna lahan, sebagai inti dari permasalahan ini merupakan faktor utama yang menyebabkan adanya peningkatan kerentanan. Peningkatan kerentanan ini akan lebih diperparah bila masyarakat sama sekali tidak menyadari dan tanggap terhadap adanya potensi bencana alam di daerahnya. Pengalaman memperlihatkan bahwa kejadian-kejadian bencana alam selama ini telah banyak menimbulkan kerugian dan penderitaan yang cukup berat sebagai akibat dari perpaduan bahaya alam dan kompleksitas permasalahan lainnya. Untuk itu diperlukan upaya-upaya yang komprehensif untuk mengurangi resiko bencana alam, antara lain yaitu dengan melakukan kegiatan migitasi. Bencana (disaster) merupakan fenomena sosial akibat kolektif atas komponen bahaya (hazard) yang berupa fenomena alam/buatan di satu pihak, dengan kerentanan (vulnerability) komunitas di pihak lain. Bencana terjadi apabila komunitas mempunyai tingkat kapasitas/kemampuan yang lebih rendah dibanding dengan tingkat bahaya yang mungkin terjadi padanya. Misalnya, letusan G. Merapi dan bahaya lainnya gempa bumi, banjir, gerakan tanah, dan lainnya tidak akan sertamerta menjadi bencana apabila komunitas memiliki kapasitas mengelola bahaya. Bencana cenderung terjadi pada komunitas yang rentan, dan akan membuat komunitas semakin rentan. Kerentanan komunitas diawali oleh kondisi lingkungan fisik, sosial, dan ekonomi yang tidak aman (unsave conditions) yang melekat padanya. Kondisi tidak aman tersebut terjadi oleh tekanan dinamis internal maupun eksternal (dynamic pressures), misalnya di komunitas institusi lokal tidak berkembang dan ketrampilan tepat guna tidak dimiliki. Tekanan dinamis terjadi karena terdapat akar permasalahan (root causes) yang menyertainya. Akar permasalahan internal umumnya karena komunitas tidak mempunyai akses sumberdaya, struktur dan kekuasaan, sedang secara eksternal karena sistem politik dan ekonomi yang tidak tepat. Oleh karenanya penanganan bencana perlu dilakukan secara menyeluruh dengan meningkatkan kapasitas dan menangani akar permasalahan untuk mereduksi resiko secara total. Siklus penanggulangan bencana yang perlu dilakukan secara utuh. Upaya pencegahan (prevention) terhadap munculnya dampak adalah perlakuan utama. Tsunami tidak dapat dicegah. Pencegahan dapat dilakukan pada bahaya yang manusia terlibat langsung maupun tidak langsung. Pada tsunami misalnya. Pencegahan dapat dilakukan rakyat dengan membuat bendung penahan ombak, bangunan panggung tahan ombak, penataan ruang dan sebagainya. Agar tidak terjadi jebolnya tanggul, maka perlu disusun save procedure dan kontrol terhadap kepatuhan perlakuan. Walaupun pencegahan sudah dilakukan, sementara peluang adanya kejadian masih ada, maka perlu dilakukan upaya-upaya mitigasi...

QUICK GUIDE Data dan Informasi Bencana ... - WordPress.com

Bencana merupakan bagian dari kehidupan manusia yang datang tanpa diduga kapan, dimana dan bagaimana terjadinya. Hal ini menyebabkan ketidaksiapan masyarakata dalam menghadapi dan akhirnya menimbulkan korban dan kerusakan. Fenomena bencana sebagian besar merupakan kejadian berulang pada tempat yang sama, sehingga dapat dilakukan analisa untuk ke depan dengan menggunakan data historis bencana-bencana sebelumnya. Melalui Data dan Informasi Bencana Indonesi (DIBI) dapat dilihat historis kejadian bencana yang terjadi di Indonesia mulai tahun 18152012. Dalam DIBI dapat disajikan data bencana mulai tanggal kejadian, lokasi, korban dan kerusakan yang ditimbulkan. Analisa yang dapat disajikan melalui DIBI ini adalah grafik, statistik, peta tematik dan crosstab. . PERMINTAAN Berfungsi untuk membuat permintaan data kejadian bencana yang akan ditampilkan. Isikan rentang tanggal (YYYY MM DD), dari kapan sampai kapan. Rentang tanggal juga bisa diisikan hanya pada tahun saja. Apabila ingin melihat semua data maka rentang tanggal tidak usah diisi, langsung klik pada “OK”. . LIHAT DATA Berfungsi untuk melihat data kejadian bencana yang diminta. Fungsi ini sama dengan “LIHAT DATA” pada permintaan. Semua data bencana yang diminta akan ditampilakn secara rinci dan berdasarkan database yang tersimpan. GRAFIK Berfungsi untuk menampilkan grafik data kejadian bencana. Grafik dapat berupa grafik batang dan diagram pie (kue). Klik pada “BUAT GRAFIK” maka akan ditanpilkan grafik variabel bencana berdasarkan tahun kejadian. STATISTIK Berfungsi untuk menampilkan data statistikkejadian bencana seperti jumlah, rata-rata, maksimum, varian,dan deviasi standar. Mulai dari lokasi, dampak bencana, korban dan kerusakan. Klik “LANJUT” maka akan ditampilkan data kejadian bencana sesuai dengan permintaan. Data hasil tampilan dapat disimpan dalam bentuk EXCEL maupun CSV. Cara menyimpanya klik pada pojok kanan tulisan “BUAT EXCEL CSV”. Data secara otomatis akan tersimpan dan dapat digunakan sewaktu-waktu. LAPORAN Berfungsi untuk menyajikan laporan bencana sesuai dengan pernintaan. Data yang tersedia hampir sama dengan di menu statistic. Klik “LANJUT” untuk mendapatkan laporan yang diminta. Hasil dari laporan ini dapat disimpan dalam bentuk EXCEl, CSV dan XML. PETA TEMATIK Berfungsi untuk menampilkan peta tematik berdasarkan variable yang diinginkan. Klik pada “BUAT PETA” maka akan menampilkan sebaran kejadian bencana di Indonesia secara langsung. Peta ini dapat didownlaod dengan cara klik kanan pada peta dan simpan sebagai gambar. CROSSTAB Berfungsi untuk mengetahui hubungan antara 2 variabel. Pilih variable pada kolom tersedia kemudian klik “TAMBAH’. Selanjutnya klik “LANJUT” untuk mendapatkan hasil crosstab sesuai yang diinginkan. Tabel ini dapat dianalisa lebih lanjut dengan menggunakan analisa statistikkhusus untuk tabulasi silang (crosstab). Hasil ini dapat disimpan dalam EXCEl dengan menekan tombol “BUAT EXCEL” di pojok kanan atas.

D-Link DGL-4500 Manual
by monarcy 0 Comments favorite 31 Viewed Download 0 Times

Preface.......................................................................... ii Manual Revisions..................................................... ii Trademarks............................................................... ii Product Overview......................................................... 1 Package Contents.................................................... 1 System Requirements.............................................. 2 Introduction............................................................... 3 Features................................................................... Hardware Overview.................................................. 5 Connections........................................................ 5 LEDs................................................................... 6 OLED Screen. .................................................... 7 Installation.................................................................... 8 Before you Begin...................................................... 8 Wireless Installation Considerations. ....................... 9 Network Diagram.................................................... 10 Manual Setup. .................................................. 11 Connect to Cable/DSL/Satellite Modem. ...... 11 Connect to Another Router........................... 12 Getting Started....................................................... 14 Quick Router Setup Wizard.............................. 14 Configuration.............................................................. 15 Web-based Configuration Utility............................. 15 Setup Wizard.................................................... 16 Manual Configuration. ...................................... 20 Dynamic (Cable)........................................... 20 PPPoE (DSL)................................................ 22 PPTP............................................................. 23 L2TP. ............................................................ 25 Static (assigned by ISP)................................ 27 Wireless Settings.............................................. 28 SSID (Wireless Network Name).................... 28 Wireless Band............................................... 28 Change Channel........................................... 29 Transmission Rate. ....................................... 29 Network Settings. ............................................. 30 DHCP Server Settings.................................. 31 DHCP Reservation........................................ 32 Virtual Server.................................................... 33 Application Rules.............................................. 35 Gaming............................................................. 36 GameFuel......................................................... 37 Classification................................................. 37 Change Uplink Speed................................... 37 Routing............................................................. 39 Access Control. ................................................ 40 Access Control Wizard.................................. 40 Website Filters.................................................. 43 MAC Address Filters......................................... 44 Firewall Settings............................................... 45 Enable SPI.................................................... 45 DMZ.............................................................. 45 Inbound Filters.................................................. 46 Advanced Wireless Settings............................. 47 Transmit Power. ............................................ 47 DTIM Interval................................................ 47 802.11d......................................................... 47 WMM............................................................. 47 Enable .......................................................... 47 WISH Settings.................................................. 48 Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)........................... 50 Advanced Network Settings. ............................ 52

Camry CNG
by juni0r 0 Comments favorite 22 Viewed Download 0 Times

EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDE FOREWORD Unlike the conventional gasoline model, the CAMRY CNG operates on compressed natural gas . Natural gas is a colorless, transparent gas that is lighter than air. This model requires special procedures that must be followed not only when performing ordinary service on the vehicle but also for rescuing people or handling the vehicle in the event that the vehicle is damaged in an accident or a disaster. Read the contents ofthis manual carefully to prevent injuries and secondary disasters . TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION ©1999 TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION All rights reserved. This book may not be reproduced or copied, in whole or in part, without the written permission of Toyota Motor Corporation . TABLE OF CONTENTS CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CAMRY CNG . . . . . . . . . . . 2 FUEL SYSTEM AND PARTS LAYOUT DIAGRAM . . . . . . 4 COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 EMERGENCY HANDLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 PRECAUTIONS TO BE OBSERVED WHEN SERVICING THE VEHICLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Fuel Tank When the fuel tank is full, the pressure of the natural gas is approximately 24,800 kPa (3,600 psi). equivalent to 135 liters (35.7 galIons, 29.7 Imperial gallons) of water. The highly compressed gas from the fuel tank undergoes pressure reduction at the regulator. Then, the proper amount of this gas is injected through the injectors into the engine.

Wiring Diagram Book - Square D
by asin 0 Comments favorite 65 Viewed Download 0 Times

Table of Contents Standard Elementary Diagram Symbols ..................... 1-3 NEMA and IEC Markings and Schematic Diagrams ...... 4 Control and Power Connection Table 4 Terminology ...................................................................... 5 Examples of Control Circuits .......................................... 6 2-Wire Control 6 3-Wire Control 6-9 Shunting Thermal Units During Starting Period 10 Overcurrent Protection for 3-Wire Control Circuits 11 AC Manual Starters and Manual Motor Starting Switches ........................................................... 12 Class 2510 12 Class 2511 and 2512 13 2-Speed AC Manual Starters and IEC Motor Protectors...................................................... 14 Class 2512 and 2520 14 GV1/GV3 14 Drum Switches................................................................ 15 Class 2601 15 DC Starters, Constant and Adjustable Speed.............. 16 Class 7135 and 7136 16 Reversing DC Starters, Constant and Adjustable Speed ........................................................... 17 Class 7145 and 7146 17 Mechanically Latched Contactors ................................ 18 Class 8196 18 Medium Voltage Motor Controllers.......................... 18-25 Class 8198 18-25 Solid State Protective Relays ................................... 26-27 Class 8430 26-27 General Purpose Relays ................................................ 28 Class 8501 28 NEMA Control Relays..................................................... 29 Class 8501 and 9999 29 General Purpose Relays ................................................ 30 Class 8501 30 Sensing Relays............................................................... 30 RM2 LA1/LG1 30 IEC Relays.................................................................. 31-32 IEC D-Line Control Relays 31 Class 8501 32 Type P Contactors..................................................... 33-35 Class 8502 33-35 Class 8702 35 Type T Overload Relays............................................ 33-35 Class 9065 33-35 Type S AC Magnetic Contactors.............................. 36-40 Class 8502 36-40 IEC Contactors .......................................................... 41-42 IEC Contactors and Auxiliary Contact Blocks 41 Input Modules and Reversing Contactors 42 Type S AC Magnetic Starters ................................... 43-50 Class 8536 43-50 8538 and 8539 45,49 1-Phase, Size 00 to 3 43 2-Phase and 3-Phase, Size 00 to 5 44 3-Phase, Size 6 45 3-Phase, Size 7 46 3-Phase Additions and Special Features 47-50 Integral Self-Protected Starters ............................... 51-57 Integral 18 State of Auxiliary Contacts 51-52 Integral 32 and 63 State of Auxiliary Contacts 53-54 Wiring Diagrams 55-57 Type S AC Combination Magnetic Starters ............ 58-59 Class 8538 and 8539 58-59 3-Phase, Size 0-5 58 3-Phase Additions and Special Features 59 Reduced Voltage Controllers ................................... 60-66 Class 8606 Autotransformer Type 60-61 Class 8630 Wye-Delta Type 62-63 Class 8640 2-Step Part-Winding Type 64 Class 8647 Primary-Resistor Type 65 Class 8650 and 8651 Wound-Rotor Type 66 Solid State Reduced Voltage Starters .......................... 67 Class 8660 ALPHA PAK®, Type MD-MG 67 Solid State Reduced Voltage Controllers ............... 68-70 Class 8660 Type MH, MJ, MK and MM 68-70

Quartus II Introduction Using Schematic Design - FTP - Altera

This tutorial presents an introduction to the Quartus R II CAD system. It gives a general overview of a typical CAD flow for designing circuits that are implemented by using FPGA devices, and shows how this flow is realized in the Quartus II software. The design process is illustrated by giving step-by-step instructions for using the Quartus II software to implement a very simple circuit in an Altera FPGA device. The Quartus II system includes full support for all of the popular methods of entering a description of the desired circuit into a CAD system. This tutorial makes use of the schematic design entry method, in which the user draws a graphical diagram of the circuit. Two other versions of this tutorial are also available, which use the Verilog and VHDL hardware description languages, respectively. The last step in the design process involves configuring the designed circuit in an actual FPGA device. To show how this is done, it is assumed that the user has access to the Altera DE2 Development and Education board connected to a computer that has Quartus II software installed. A reader who does not have access to the DE2 board will still find the tutorial useful to learn how the FPGA programming and configuration task is performed. The screen captures in the tutorial were obtained using the Quartus II version 8.0; if other versions of the software are used, some of the images may be slightly different. Contents: Typical CAD Flow Getting Started Starting a New Project Schematic Design Entry Compiling the Design Pin Assignment Simulating the Designed Circuit Programming and Configuring the FPGA Device Testing the Designed Circuit 1 Computer Aided Design (CAD) software makes it easy to implement a desired logic circuit by using a programmable logic device, such as a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) chip. A typical FPGA CAD flow is illustrated in Figure 1.

PSPICE Schematic Student 9.1 Tutorial
by asin 0 Comments favorite 72 Viewed Download 0 Times

This tutorial will guide you through the creation and analysis of a simple MOSFET circuit in PSPICE Schematic. The circuit diagram below is what you will build in PSPICE. In the analysis we will find the ID current and the VDS voltage at the given values of VDD and VGS. We perform PSPICE schematics circuit simulation according to following steps: 1. Design your circuit in schematics. This can be divided into following substeps. 1). First insert all the parts without considering their values (for example, place a resistor without considering the resistance value of it, etc.). 2). Make the necessary rotations for the parts, and move the parts to appropriate locations. 3). Make all the necessary wire connections. 4). Mark the nodes you are interested in with labels. 5). Set the values for all the parts, for example, the resistance values of resistors, the width (W) and length (L) of transistor, etc. 2. Define the SPICE model for NMOS and PMOS transistors. 3. Setup analysis to tell SPICE what simulation you need (transient analysis, DC sweep, etc.) 4. Run the simulation. 5. Observe the simulation results (traces of signals) in OrCAD PSpice A/D Demo. Step 1. Design you circuit in Schematics Before we start our design, first please create your own folder in C: drive. Because our lab computer has some access limitation on certain system folders, if you are working in a system directory, you may not be able to save your design or your spice library. Thus first please click on Windows start menu: Start—All Programs—Accessories—Windows Explorer. In Windows Explorer, click on C: drive symbol to select C: drive, and click menu “File—New—Folder”, as shown below. You will see a new folder is created on C: drive. Rename the new folder to any name you like, for example, “John” or something else, and remember this folder path and name. By creating your own folder, you will have full access to it. You will save all your design files into this folder. ...

Includes Schematic & Layout - Neural Engineering Lab

Complete Tutorial (Includes Schematic & Layout) Download 1. Go to the "Download Free PCB123 Software" button or click here. 2. Enter your e-mail address and for your primary interest in the product. (Your information is kept private.) 3. After you submit this information, we will send a link to your e-mail for you to download the free software. Typical download time is: • 10-to-15 minutes for a modem • >30 seconds for DSL or cable modem Want to know who else is using PCB123? Click here. Installing Software 1. Click on the software link in your e-mail and the downloading process will begin. 2. A dialog box will then ask you where you would like to install the software. 3. Go through the quick installing procedure, which includes a standard EULA (end user licensing agreement) 4. You are now ready to begin designing your printed circuit board!! PCB123 Testing Tutorial There are two applications included in our product that we will be using in our tutorial. • PCB123Schematic: You can create an easy to read, one dimensional schematic diagram of a functional circuit and from this diagram a netlist can be generated. This netlist is basically a description of all the parts in your diagram and describes how these parts are connected to make your circuit. The netlist is useful for PCB123Layout to start with. • PCB123Layout: You can layout and design physical characteristics of your schematic with PCB123Layout. Although you can design circuit boards without a schematic diagram, it is needed to run the batch routing routines in the PCB123Layout application. It is also a good idea to start with a schematic diagram to aid in the verification that all your circuits are connected properly on your final printed circuit board layout. If you see problems or omissions from this document please let us know ASAP support@pcb123.com

1101 Calculus I 4.7 Optimization Problems - facultypages.morris ...

The Method of Solution: 1. Understand the problem. 2. Draw a diagram. 3. Introduce notation (Q is to be maximized or minimized) 4. Find relation between quantities (Q and all others) 5. Make the relation look like Q = f (x) (one variable) 6. Solve f (x) = 0 for x. 7. Explain whether you have found a max or min, and if possible if it is an absolute extrema (Closed Interval Method, First Derivative Test, Second Derivative Test, argue based on the geometry of the problem) 8. Write a concluding statement. Example A farmer has 2400 ft of fencing. What are the dimensions of the rectangular pen that produce the largest area? • Understand the problem: We need a rectangle. The rectangle should have maximum area for a given perimeter. • Draw a diagram : A x y • Introduce notation and find relations: The perimeter is P = 2x + 2y. The area is A = xy. This is what we want to maximize. We need to eliminate y from the equation for A. Use P = 2x + 2y = 2400, −→ y = 1200 − x. Therefore, A = xy = x(1200 − x) = 1200x − x2 . If x < 0, the area would be negative. This is unphysical. If x > 1200, the area would be negative. This is unphysical. The domain for the area is 0 ≤ x ≤ 1200. • Find the maximum of A(x) = 1200x − x2 , 0 ≤ x ≤ 1200. A = 1200 − 2x. A = 0 = 1200 − 2x → x = 600 ft. This is a maximum since A (600) = −2 < 0 and A will be concave down by the second derivative test. Check endpoints: A(0) = 0 = A(1200) < A(600) = 360 000. The absolute maximum is 360,000 ft2 when the rectangle is a square of side 600 ft...

Engineering Mechanics I [Statics] - DrChawin.com

Lecture 1 Lecture 1: Introduction to Engineering Mechanics Engineering Mechanics Engineering mechanics is the physical science which studies __________________ _________________________________________________________. The subject is usually divided into two parts namely ________________ and __________________. Statics. This branch of mechanics studies the ________________________ of bodies under the action of ____________________________________________________. Examples of static systems include an aeroplane at cruising speed, a hovering helicopter, a floating ship, etc. Page 1 of 12 MEE211: Engineering Mechanics I [Statics] Lecture 1 Dynamics. This branch of mechanics studies the ______________________of bodies, ie. a system where a body is acted upon by an externally applied force which results in a motion. Examples of dynamic systems are a grandfather clock pendulum, a massspring system, an accelerating/decelerating vehicle, etc. (This part is not cover in this course.) Basic terminologies • A ___________________ quantity only consists of ____________________. Mass, time, volume, distance, speed and energy are examples of scalar quantities. • A ___________________ quantity consists of both __________________ and __________________. Weight, displacement, velocity, acceleration, force and moment are examples of vector quantities. Page 2 of 12 MEE211: Engineering Mechanics I [Statics] Lecture 1 • _____________________ is the action of one body on another. • The __________________________ of force acting on a body depend on the magnitude, direction and the point of application of the force. The resultant effects can be the ____________________________ (translation, rotation) or ________________ (bending, denting, breaking, and destruction) of the body. • The ______________________________________ of a body is defined as a single point where when a force acts through it, there is no resultant moment. Page 3 of 12 MEE211: Engineering Mechanics I [Statics] • Lecture 1 _______________________. When a force is not acting through the centre of gravity of a body, it generates a moment. The effect of the resultant moment is the tendency to ___________________ or _________________ the body. Free body diagrams A free body diagram shows an ___________________________________________ (or a single member of a structure) and _____________________________________ acting on it. This is a very powerful tool to help us determine the forces acting on the structures and its members.

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