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contoh format penulisan pidato

penulisan naskah buku pelajaran - File UPI - Universitas Pendidikan ...

Buku pelajaran adalah buku yang digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran, memuat bahan ajar yang tersusun secara sistematis dari suatu mata pelajaran atau bahan kajian yang minimal harus dikuasai peserta didik pada tingkat dan jenis pendidikan tertentu Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Jurusan Kurikulum dan Teknologi Pendidikan Persyaratan berkaitan dengan: – Keamanan nasional – Isi buku pelajaran – Cara penyajian – Bahasa yang digunakan – Ilustrasi Isi, cara penyajian, bahasa, dan ilustrasi dalam buku pelajaran selaras dan tidak bertentangan dengan peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku Menghormati kerukunan hidup umat beragama (inter dan antar) Persyaratan yang Berkaitan dengan Isi Buku Pelajaran Memuat sekurang-kurangnya bahan pelajaran minimal yang harus dikuasai siswa Sesuai dengan kurikulum yang berlaku Relevan dengan tujuan mata pelajaran Memiliki nilai kebenaran ditinjau dari struktur keilmuan Sesuai dengan perkembangan IPTEKS Kedalaman dan keluasan isi buku sesuai dengan jenjang pendidikan

menggunakan buku pelajaran dengan efektif.pdf - Staff UNY

Buku pelajaran merupakan salah satu sumber belajar yang memberikan andil cukup besar dalam upaya memperluas kesempatan memperoleh pendidikan dan meningkatkan mutu proses dan hasil pembelajaran (B.P. Sitepu, 2005: 114). Kebutuhan akan buku pelajaran semakin terasa ketika jumlah dan mutu guru yang tersedia belum memadai. Di tempat-tempat tertentu, masih banyak guru yang mengandalkan buku pelajaran sebagai satu-satunya sumber belajar dan pembelajaran. Guru mempersiapkan, melaksanakan, dan mengevaluasi pembelajaran dengan mengacu sepenuhnya pada isi buku pelajaran. Siswa juga menggunakan buku pelajaran di sekolah dan di rumah sebagai sumber belajar utama. Kebijakan tiap sekolah dalam memberikan buku pelajaran secara gratis untuk setiap siswa didasarkan pada prinsip perlakuan yang sama dan kesetaraan kesempatan. Karena alasan inilah, buku pelajaran secara luas digunakan dan bisa dipastikan akan terus digunakan sampai tahun-tahun mendatang. Hal ini terlihat dari keberterimaan yang relatif luas terhadap buku pelajaran sebagai sumber belajar yang berharga, khususnya bagi mata pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial (IPS). Oleh karena itu, penting bagi guru untuk mulai belajar bagaimana menggunakan buku-buku ini dengan efektif. Tulisan ini mencoba menawarkan cara menggunakan buku pelajaran IPS dengan efektif kepada para guru di sekolah dasar sehingga sedapat mungkin mampu memenuhi tuntutan kurikulum serta dapat meningkatkan mutu proses dan hasil pembelajaran. Kompleksitas Materi dalam Buku Pelajaran IPS Buku pelajaran IPS SD merupakan buku pegangan guru dalam menyajikan materi kurikulum. Apabila dicermati, meskipun penulisan buku tersebut sudah disesuaikan dengan tingkat kemampuan pembacanya, masih ada saja permasalahan yang berkaitan dengan kesulitan membaca yang dihadapi siswa. Hal ini bisa terjadi karena buku-buku ini dirancang untuk menangani konten substantif. Artinya, istilah dan konsep yang berkaitan dengan subjek harus digunakan ketika menjelaskan ide-ide yang disajikan. Sebagai contoh, dalam buku dituliskan  ...

KAJIAN TEORI - Deskripsi Teoretik Buku Pelajaran

Buku merupakan salah satu media pembelajaran yang berupa tulisan yang dituangkan ke dalam kertas atau buku dapat digolongkan ke media pembelajaran berupa media cetak. Dalam salah satu hierarki media yang paling kompleks yaitu menurut Gagne (dalam Arief Sadiman, 2011: 23), Gagne mennggolongkan media yang dikaitkan dengan kemampuan memenuhi fungsi menurut hierarki belajar yang dikembangkan yaitu pelontar stimulus belajar, penarik minat belajar, memberi kondisi eksternal, contoh perilaku belajar, memberi kondisi eksternal, menuntun cara berpikir, memasukkan alihilmu, menilai prestasi, dan pemberi umpan balik. Dari beberapa fungsi tersebut, Media cetak memiliki keterbatasan pada aspek stimulus dan alih kemampuan. Sedangkan pada fungsi pengarah perhatian/kegiatan, contoh kemampuan terbatas yang diharapkan, isyarat eksternal, tuntutan cara berpikir penilaian hasil dan umpan balik sudah terdapat didalamnya. Proses belajar mengajar pada hakikatnya adalah proses mentransfer ilmu maupun nilai agar peserta didik bertambah nilai dirinya. Menurut Arief Sadiman (2011: 11-12), proses belajar mengajar adalah proses komunikasi, yaitu proses penyampaian pesan dari sumber pesan melalui saluran media tertentu ke penerima pesan. Dalam hal ini saluran media merupakan media pembelajaran. Menurut Umar Suwito (dalam Suharsimi Arikunto, 1987: 15) media pembelajaran adalah salah satu sarana yang digunakan untuk menampilkan pelajaran. Sedangkan pengretian lebih luasnya, media pendidikan adalah sarana pendidikan yang digunakan sebagai perantara dalam proses belajar mengajar untuk lebih mempertinggi efektivitas dan efisiensi dalam mencapai tujuan pembelajaran. Fungsi dari media pembelajaran adalah (1) memperjelas penyajian pesan agar tidak terlalu bersifat versibilatas, (2) mengatasi keterbatasan ruang, waktu dan daya indra, (3) penggunaan media pendidikan secara tepat dan bervariasi dapat mengatasi sikap pasif peserta didik, dan (4) dengan sifat yang unik pada setiap anaka ditambah lagi dengan lingkungan dan pengalaman yang berbeda, sedangkan kurikulum dan materi pendidikan ditentukan sama untuk setiap siswa, maka guru banyak mengalami kesulitan bilamana semuanya itu harus diatasi sendiri (Arief Sadiman, 2011: 17). Pengelompokan berbagai jenis media telah dikemukakan oleh berbagai ahli. Menurut Leshin, Pollock & Reigulth (dalam Azhar Arsyad, 2011: 36) mengklasifikasikan media menjadi 5 macam, yaitu: 1. Media berbasis manusia (guru, instruktur, tutor, main peran, field-trip, kegiatan kelompok), 2. Media berbasis cetak (buku, penuntun, buku latihan (worksheet), alat kerja bantu, lembar lepas), 3. Media berbasis visual (buku, alat bantu kerja, bagan grafik, peta, gambar transparansi, slide), 4. Media berbasis audio visual (video, film, ...

CAESAR II Pipe Stress Static Analysis 5 Day Training ... - Chempute

General Scope This course addresses Advanced Statics and Dynamic Analysis topics in Pipe Stress Analysis. We also have a 5-day Course that addresses Basic Statics Analysis. This presentation is based on hands-on solution of example problems in order to illustrate Pipe Stress Analysis using CAESAR software. Previous experience in Pipe Stress Analysis, plus experience in using CAESAR, or attendance of the Basic Statics Analysis Course is required. A discussion/question/answer format is also employed in order to maximize retention of course material and theoretical concepts. Persons attending the training should expect to leave the course with an advanced working knowledge of CAESAR II, and pipe flexibility analysis. Some of the specific topics covered are outlined below. Chempute Software will provide training venue, computers, training dongles, printed training notes, teas, lunches, course certificate. 5 CPD points are awarded according to the ECSA Continuing Professional Development program (Course Accreditation No: SAIMechE-032301/13) Advanced Stress Analysis Course Topics The course will include the following topics: Advanced Statics: * Fibreglass Reinforced Pipe * IGE TD/12 Analysis * Wind/Wave Analysis * Overland Transmission Pipelines * Buried Pipe * Jacketed Pipe Directors : David A. Wickham, Andrew Taylor. Reg No : 2004/017798/07 Dynamics: * Basic dynamics theory * Hot Reheat Piping Systems * Earthquake Spectrum Analysis * ASCE 7 Response Spectrums * Harmonic analysis * Vibration Amplitude, Dynamic Load Factor (DLF) and Damping * Eigensolutions * Time History Analysis * Impact Load analysis * Relief load response spectrum analysis Who should attend Engineers in the piping design and analysis field; advanced CAESAR users.

CAESAR II – Advanced Pipe Stress Analysis 5-day ... - Chempute

General Scope This course addresses Advanced Statics and Dynamic Analysis topics in Pipe Stress Analysis. We also have a 5-day Course that addresses Basic Statics Analysis. This presentation is based on hands-on solution of example problems in order to illustrate Pipe Stress Analysis using CAESAR software. Previous experience in Pipe Stress Analysis, plus experience in using CAESAR, or attendance of the Basic Statics Analysis Course is required. A discussion/question/answer format is also employed in order to maximize retention of course material and theoretical concepts. Persons attending the training should expect to leave the course with an advanced working knowledge of CAESAR II, and pipe flexibility analysis. Some of the specific topics covered are outlined below. Chempute Software will provide training venue, computers, training dongles, printed training notes, teas, lunches, course certificate. 5 CPD points are awarded according to the ECSA Continuing Professional Development program (Course Accreditation No: SAIMechE-032301/13) Advanced Stress Analysis Course Topics The course will include the following topics: Advanced Statics: * Fibreglass Reinforced Pipe * IGE TD/12 Analysis * Wind/Wave Analysis * Overland Transmission Pipelines * Buried Pipe * Jacketed Pipe Directors : David A. Wickham, Andrew Taylor. Reg No : 2004/017798/07 Dynamics: * Basic dynamics theory * Hot Reheat Piping Systems * Earthquake Spectrum Analysis * ASCE 7 Response Spectrums * Harmonic analysis * Vibration Amplitude, Dynamic Load Factor (DLF) and Damping * Eigensolutions * Time History Analysis * Impact Load analysis * Relief load response spectrum analysis Who should attend Engineers in the piping design and analysis field; advanced CAESAR users. About the Trainer Born in Zambia in 1957, Alan Stewart has been involved in Pipe Stress Analysis work for many years. He initially gained expertise in this field when he trained in Germany in the early 1980’s. He attended lectures in Finite Element Stress Analysis and General Stress/Strain theory given by Professor Dimitriou, at Wits University - 1984. Later, he attended formal CAESAR training conducted by Rex Evans (co-founder of Coade) in 1989, followed by training in FE/Pipe by Tony Paulin (co-founder of Coade and Paulin Research Group), and Advanced Caesar training by Dave Diehl (head of training at Coade). Alan has been presenting CAESAR training courses for Chempute Software for nearly 20 years, during which time he has presented around 50 training courses in both Basic and Advanced Topics, in South Africa, Nigeria, Kuwait, UAE, and Saudi Arabia. He is also a pipe stress consultant to companies such as Eskom, Babcock, Steinmuller, DB Thermal, Lurgi, Foster Wheeler, and Bateman. Directors : David A. Wickham, Andrew Taylor. Reg No : 2004/017798/07 Chempute Software (Pty) Ltd P.O.Box 856, Kloof, 3640, South Africa Tel : Intl +27-31-7646840 Fax : Intl +27-31-7645934 Email : sales@chempute.com

Pipe Stress Interface - AVEVA Product Support

CAESAR II CII format file, which can be selected in CAESAR II and converted to a CAESAR II ... .out) and a CAESAR II neutral file showing the modified pipe.

Lexus LX 570-Mark Levinson brochure - MotorShow.me

MARK LEVINSON REFERENCE SURROUND The All-New Lexus LX 570 presents an advanced level of sophistication and performance in automotive entertainment systems. F E AT U R E H I G H L I G H TS Media Compatibility – DTS Music Discs, DVD Video and Audio, CD, CD-R. Format Compatibility – Dolby Digital 5.1, DTS 5.1, 2-channel surround, 2-channel stereo (analog and PCM), MP3, WMA and an auxiliary input for mobile audio devices such as MP3 players. 19 Speakers – Seven 1" tweeters, seven 4" midranges, two 6”x9" woofers, two 6.5" woofers and one 10" subwoofer. These transducers (except for the tweeter) were custom designed specifically for the Mark Levinson Reference Surround system. 15 Channels, 450 watts – The all-new ML3-16 Processor Power Amplifier produces 450 watts, all channels driven, 20-20kHz @ less than 0.1% Total Harmonic Distortion.* The amplifier circuitry in the ML3-16 is discrete, utilizing individual transistors, capacitors and resistors. This technique provides a level of electrical and sonic performance not available from the integrated power circuits typically used in automotive audio systems. High Power/Low Distortion Bass Reproduction – Bridged channels are used to provide 100 watts of power to each front door 6”x9" woofer and the rear quarter panel 10" subwoofer. This significantly reduces distortion and coloration while increasing the dynamic capability of the system for the reproduction of high energy transient events ever present in today’s music and movie performances. Matched Components – The 4" extended bandwidth midrange transducer combined with a 1" tweeter create a high-performance, timbre accurate 2-way system. The use of identical 2-way systems for each channel provides system-wide timbre matching for unprecedented fullbandwidth clarity and envelopment from each and every channel. 10" Cast Basket, High Power Subwoofer - This provides the deepest bass fundamentals from the most non-resonant package possible. The neodymium magnet subwoofer is housed in a 22 liter enclosure, enhancing performance ...

Land Primarily based Casinos Vs On line Casinos

There's a developing debate involving the reputation of land casinos versus on-line casinos. Though the basic format on the bahis siteleri is definitely the very same, the debate comes when picking out a casino to suit you, the player. Choosing the kind of casino is really a hard option, but when the type of game has been decided, you can find a number of points to note around the unique casinos.The slot machines will be the essential to deciding on the far better sort of casino, as they give a great indication with the level of game play within the casino itself. While the slot machines themselves are comparable, in that you simply insert the coin and pull the manage, hoping to match the symbols to win the prize, the variations are quite a few, and it's crucial to understand these differences when producing your selection.

Free Must-Have iPad Apps For Secondary Math - TCEA

Algebra Champ - Designed for grades 6 - 8, Algebra Champ provides practice solving straightforward, single variable linear equations in a game-like format. Questions are randomly generated and presented in rounds of five. Answers are manageable integers (-10 to 10) and presented as multiple choice. Algebra Explained c. 1 Order of Operations LITE - This lite version includes two lessons, two study card stacks, and two sets of practice problems. CandyFactory Educational Game - CandyFactory is an educational game that teaches the concept of fractions to middle school students based on splitting operations with partitioning and iterating. Factor Race (Algebra) - Factor Race is a game where the player must identify the binomial factors of trinomial equations. Fill the Cup - Four math games allow children to experience math concepts through manipulation. Fraction Factory - Enter the Fraction Factory and use your math skills to place fractions into their correct positions on a number line. Freddy Fraction - Help Freddy find his way back home safely using fractions, decimals, and percentages to lead him back to his spaceship! Free Graphing Calculator – What the name says. Supported by ads. HMH Fuse: Geometry, Common Core Edition – This sample includes a complete chapter of content: Chapter 6: Quadrilaterals. HMH Fuse: Geometry Sample – This app will allow you a sneak peek at the future of mobile geometry curriculum and includes a free sample chapter. iSpy-X - iSpy-X is a fun way for kids to practice basic one-step math algebra skills while playing a game! Khan Academy: Algebra 1 - Khan Academy Algebra allows students to learn Algebra through 36 different videos. Khan Academy: PreAlgebra - Khan Academy Algebra allows students to learn Algebra through ...

UNWTO World Tourism Barometer
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Annex-1 to Annex-23 International Tourist Arrivals, monthly evolution World This issue and the accompanying Statistical Annex of the UNWTO World Tourism Barometer present an update of the preliminary international arrivals data presented in January. Currently over a hundred countries and territories have reported 2011 full year data with regards to international tourist arrivals. Data on international tourism receipts is available for around fifty countries. Furthermore, first data is included for international tourist arrivals in January 2012. The next issue scheduled for late April will include a comprehensive analysis of international tourism receipts in 2011, as well as the top destinations by international tourist arrivals and receipts and top source markets by international tourism expenditure. This release is available only in electronic format, through the UNWTO elibrary, and is free of charge for members. The release is provided in English only, while the Statistical Annex is available in English, French, Spanish and … The UNWTO World Tourism Barometer is a publication of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). By monitoring short-term tourism trends on a regular basis, UNWTO aims to provide all those involved, directly or indirectly, in tourism with adequate upto-date statistics and analysis in a timely fashion. The UNWTO World Tourism Barometer is periodically updated. Issues contain as regular sections: an overview of short-term tourism data from destinations, generating countries and air transport; the results of the latest survey among the UNWTO Panel of Tourism Experts, providing an evaluation of and prospects for short-term tourism performance; and selected economic data relevant for tourism. The objective for future editions of the UNWTO World Tourism Barometer will be to broaden its scope and improve coverage gradually over time. The UNWTO World Tourism Barometer is prepared by UNWTO’s Tourism Trends and Marketing Strategies Programme, with the collaboration of consultants, Nancy Cockerell and David Stevens. The UNWTO Secretariat wishes to express its sincere gratitude to all those who have participated in the elaboration of the UNWTO World Tourism Barometer, in particular all institutions that supplied data, and to the members of the UNWTO Panel of Tourism Experts for their valuable contributions. For more information on the UNWTO World Tourism Barometer, including copies of previous issues, please refer to …

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