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Photography and Photoshop- Simple Tools and Rules forEffective ...

INSIDE DENTISTRY—OCTOBER 2006 Laboratory perspectives from the inside out. Photography with a semiprofessional or professional digital camera is best suited for dental and portrait applications. Digital cameras have evolved to the point in which images viewed on a properly calibrated monitor or printed with an appropriately calibrated digital printer are practically indiscernible to their film counterparts. Digital photography images have the distinct advantage of being able to be viewed immediately after exposure. If the photographic variables are wrong, the photographer will know instantly and can correct and retake the image. Another main benefit of digital photography is that the better cameras allow the taking of an image in a RAW file format. When the camera captures images in this format, it is capturing data in its uncompressed or unaltered format. In this format, it captures information over a range of exposures and the whole range of color temperature values the camera allows. Functionally, this is bracketing, which means taking images at different exposures or capturing lighter and darker multiple images of the same scene both over- and underexposed. It is also capturing images that are cooler (bluer) and warmer (oranger) than the present camera settings. Taking the image in the RAW file format allows for mistakes in exposure settings to be easily corrected later in Photoshop. Examples of suitable cameras are the Canon 30D (Canon USA, Inc, Lake success, NY) (Figure 1) and the Nikon D200™ (Nikon, Inc, Melville, NY) (Figure 2). Both of these cameras are in the price range of $1,500. Acceptable alternatives are the Canon digital Rebel XT (Canon USA, Inc) and the Nikon D80™ (Nikon, Inc). Both cameras are under $1,000. The less expensive cameras have cheaper constructed bodies and limited functions compared with the 30D and D200, but they still have all that is necessary for high-end dental photography. For dental photography, it is also necessary to use a macro lens with the Figure 1 The Canon 30D camera with the Canon MT 24 EX dual-point flash...

Guidelines for good photos (PDF)
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GUIDELINES FOR GOOD PHOTOS The few basic rules of photography, outlined below, will help you capture exciting and evocative images. But quite apart from all the rules, the most important thing to remember is that photography is fun! Carefully select picture size and quality in the camera settings Most of you will probably be using a small-format digital camera. If you are, it is particularly important to select the right settings in the camera menu. Ideally, size and quality should be set to the highest values. If necessary or in doubt, the medium settings can also produce acceptable results. However, there is nothing more annoying than taking a fantastic picture that turns out to be too small and not suitable for printing. It is better to use a larger memory chip from the outset than to have to go to all the trouble of visiting the location again. THE SEVEN GOLDEN RULES OF PHOTOGRAPHY If you want your photographs to tell a story, you should be aware of seven basic rules that will help you present a rounded set of images: Who is doing what, where, when and how? To tell a story with your photographs, you need to convey the salient information. The five journalistic questions (Q words) will help you do this – and they apply equally to photography. Who is doing what, where, when and how? If the photo answers these questions, every viewer can form an idea about what is happening. The five Qs are therefore essential! Once they are answered, there will be scope for artistic interpretation. The golden section divides the picture into thirds – horizontally and vertically. The intersections of the two horizontal and vertical lines are areas of special harmony in the image. In applying this rule, it may be necessary to cut off part of a face, but this can nevertheless enhance the image. Do not place the subject in the middle of the frame. This rule should be applied for every picture, regardless of whether it is a long shot, a medium shot or a portrait. Keep the background free of disturbing elements or edges. The background underscores the information in the foreground and is just as important, if not more so. This underlining function is most effectively achieved through uniformity of structure, colour and tone. Selecting the background requires much care and experience. The right background lends the picture a certain calmness and directs the attention of the viewer towards the subject. Try to keep the background free of disturbing objects and edges...

Intro to WordPress - Jon Zmikly
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Intro to WordPress What is WordPress Wordpress is a popular, free, open-source blogging system. It was started in 2003 by Matt Mullenwag and Mike Little. It allows bloggers to choose themes and add plug-ins to their sites. It also has the ability to add “pages,” making it a more robust platform for Web development than Blogger or other blog platforms. Wordpress.com vs. Wordpress.org The difference is basically with Wordpress.com, the servers and software are managed by the Wordpress people. With Wordpress.org, you install the files and manage on your own server. For a full list of benefits of each, visit http://support.wordpress.com/com-vs-org/. Signing Up/Logging in Each person in class will have their own blog. Go to Wordpress.com. Click the big, orange “Get Started Here” button (you may use an existing blog if you already have one, or set up a new one for this class). You'll be asked to create a username and pw, provide an email address. Your username will be what's in the url for your blog (username.wordpress.com). Choose Create Blog (not Upgrade, only the free option). Use your username and pw to login at Wordpress.com on subsequent visits. You'll come to the main Dashboard where you can choose your blog (if you have more than one blog, you'll see it here). Choose your blog's dashboard. On the Dashboard page, you'll see some stats and your options. Wordpress provides a lot of info that helps you control and manage your site. Making a Post It's very easy to add a post. Find the section on the left that says Posts and click on Add New. It'll bring you to a form. It's that simple. Give the post a Title, use the buttons to format your post content. Make sure you add appropriate Tags (or possibly Categories) to the post with the boxes on the right. Leave the other settings. Make sure you link to appropriate items using the Link icon. Use “Open Link in New Window” as the target. You can work in Visual or HTML to make your post. You can use the Preview button to take a look at it before you Publish, Save Draft to save a copy before you Publish. When you are done with the post, Make sure you Publish (or Update for a previously published post). You can use the More tag, if you have a long post and only want an excerpt to show on the main blog page. Use only basic format tags (like paragraph, heading1, etc., so the format will be driven by the theme's CSS). Don't do anything crazy with colors unless you really need emphasis. Inserting media – photos and video Use Upload/Insert buttons to insert media. Images are easy. Simply click on the Add Media button, Select File and upload. You must click “Insert Into Post” for the image to be posted. Also, make sure you tag images with Alt Text. Add Video. Embed tags don't work. Click on the Add Media button, then the From URL tag. Paste the URL code into the box (i.e. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHDavK5vaD4). Edit Posts You can go to the Edit Posts page to Edit, Delete or View a previous post, check its stats. You can also go to the Media Library, Link List and Comments to manage those entries. Adding a Page You can add a page to a Wordpress site, giving it more the feel of a regular Web site than an average blog. Consider what your sections should be and create several relevant pages...

TIK-SMA-Kelas11smt2 - Index of
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Buku Pelajaran Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi Kelas XI Semester II untuk Sekolah Menengah Atas dan Madrasah Aliyah Hak Cipta dan Merek Dagang Seluruh hak cipta dan merek dagang yang digunakan dalam buku ini merupakan hak cipta atau milik dari pemegang hak cipta atau merek dagang masing-masing pihak. Hak cipta penulisan ada pada penulis, hak cipta tata letak ada pada penata letak, hak distribusi ada pada Ristek, Diknas, dan Depkominfo. Linux adalah merek dagang Linus Torvalds. Peringatan dan Pernyataan Segala daya upaya telah dikerahkan agar buku ini dapat selengkap dan seakurat mungkin, walau begitu tidak ada pernyataan apapun mengenai kebenaran maupun kecocokannya. Segala informasi di buku ini disediakan berdasarkan apa adanya. Pengarang dan penerbit dengan segala hormat tidak bertanggung jawab pun tidak memiliki pertanggungjawaban kepada apapun atau siapa pun akibat terjadinya kehilangan atau kerusakan yang mungkin timbul yang berasal dari informasi yang dikandung dalam buku ini. Menuju masyarakat informasi berbasis pengetahuan merupakan tujuan yang hendak dicapai oleh bangsa Indonesia, khususnya dalam menciptakan dan meningkatkan kemandirian bangsa. Untuk itu berbagai kegiatan dan aktivitas dalam mencapai tujuan tersebut perlu dilakukan secara bertahap dan berkesinambungan. Terkait dengan upaya tersebut, Kementerian Negara Riset dan Teknologi (KNRT) dalam hal ini Asisten Deputi Pengembangan dan Pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi merasa terpanggil untuk ikut berpartisipasi, mendukung dan mendorong program tersebut guna terciptanya kemandirian bangsa, sesuai dengan tugas, fungsi dan tanggung jawabnya. Melalui semangat Indonesia, Go Open Source! (IGOS) dengan berbagai manfaatnya berkeinginan turut serta untuk membesarkan program Buku Sekolah Elektronik (BSE) yang telah dicanangkan oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia. Salah satu wujud nyata untuk mensukseskan program BSE adalah melakukan kerjasama dengan para narasumber dan penulis buku Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi (TIK), khususnya berbasis Open source untuk menerbitkan buku pelajaran TIK bagi siswa/ siswi Sekolah Menengah Atas/ Madrasah Aliyah (SMA/MA) dan pendidikan lain yang sederajat. Kontribusi yang kami berikan sangat kecil dan masih sangat jauh dari kesempurnaan. Namun demikian, kami berharap dengan awal yang kecil ini selanjutnya akan memberikan dampak luas di masa yang akan datang bagi bangsa dan negara Indonesia. Diharapkan terbitan ini dapat dimanfaatkan bagi para siswa/siswi (SMA/MA). Dengan demikian, pengenalan, penggunaan dan pemanfaatan open source dapat berlangsung sejak dini, dan sekaligus dapat menumbuhkembangkan kreativitas dalam menciptakan piranti lunak berbasis Open Source. Buku merupakan salah satu sarana penting dalam upaya meningkatkan mutu pendidikan. Salah satu permasalahan perbukuan dalam era otonomi daerah dewasa ini adalah ketersediaan buku yang memenuhi standar nasional pendidikan dengan harga murah yang dapat dijangkau oleh masyarakat luas...

15-Panduan penulisan Penerbitan Buku Teks

PANDUAN PENULISAN & PENERBITAN BUKU TEKS Panduan ini merupakan petunjuk penulisan buku pelajaran (ilmiah populer) yang digunakan untuk menentukan kelayakan naskah bagi penerbit. Panduan ini membahas pengertian buku pelajaran & diktat, tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran, isi buku pelajaran, sampul buku, bagian pembuka, bagian utama dan bagian penutup serta ketentuan jumlah halaman. Buku Pelajaran (Text book) & Diktat Buku pelajaran adalah bahan/materi pelajaran yang dituangkan secara tertulis dalam bentuk buku dan digunakan sebagai bahan pelajaran (sumber informasi) sebuah mata kuliah bagi mahasiswa dan pengajar susuai dengan kebutuhan lapangan/industry dan tuntutan perkembangan teknologi dan atau kurikulum. Diktat adalah catatan tertulis suatu bidang studi yang disiapkan oleh guru/dosen untuk mempermudah pengayaan materi pelajaran atau bidang studi yang dibahas dalam proses pembelajaran (Ilvandri, 2011). Diktat yang baik merupakan draft buku ajar yang belum diterbitkan. Tujuan penulisan buku pelajaran a. Menyediakan buku susuai dengan kebutuhan mahasiswa, institusi dan lapangan/ industry serta serta tuntutan perkembangan teknologi atau kurikulum. b. Mendorong penulis/dosen untuk berkreasi dan kreatif membagikan ilmunya kepada masyarakat. c. Mendorong penulis untuk meng-update ilmunya sesuai dengan kriteria tuntutan buku layak terbit mencakup subdstansi, bahasa dan potensi pasar. d. Mendukung penulis untuk menerbitkan buku bila belum terbit. Isi Buku Pelajaran Isi buku pelajaran berupa teori, konsep, formula atau aturan terkini dilengkapi dengan contoh-contoh masalah atau studi kasus serta solusinya. Isi buku harus orsinil dengan merujuk dari berbagai sumber. Informasi tepat, dapat dipercaya dan dipertanggungjawabkan kepada pembaca dan semua pihak terkait. Isi tersusun dengan baik atau dengan alur informasi yang mudah dipahami. Buku pelajaran dan diktat yang baik memenuhi tiga aspek pendidikan yaitu ilmu pengetahuan (knowledge), keterampilan (skills) dan sikap atau perilaku (attitude). Aspek tersebut seperti yang dinyatakan oleh UNESCO (1994) yaitu: Learn to know, Learn to do, Learn to be dan Learn to live together. Ketiga aspek tersebut dipertimbangkan sesuai dengan jenjang pendidikan dan kebutuhan. Sampul Buku Sampul buku bagian depan memuat: a. Judul buku : Judul harus spesifik dan relevan sesuai dengan isi buku dan menggunakan kata-kata kunci dan powerful. b. Nama penulis : Nama penulis ditulis lengkap, tidak menggunakan nama samaran sesuai dengan ketentuan penulis buku ilmiah. c. Logo atau nama penerbit bila sudah diterbitkan...

Citing an iPad App
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Citing an iPad App The MLA organization has not yet created a format to cite an app used on a tablet computer (such as an iPad). Until they create an official method, use the following format for citing an app. Please be sure to follow the formatting and punctuation used in the General Format example given below: General Format: Author. Title of App. Type of Product. Website Title. Vers. X.X. Publisher Name, Date Published. Medium of Publication. Date Accessed. Where to find this information This information may be found within the app (on the “about” information page), but most likely, you will need to locate the page for this app on the iTunes website: http://itunes.apple.com Tip: Google the name of the app with the words iPad and free (most of our apps are free apps), then select the iTunes page for this app from the Google results. Formatting your entries for an iPad App: Author: Enter the name of the author/developer in last name, first name order. If no author/developer is listed, omit this entry. This information would most likely be found on the iTunes site. Title of App: List the title of the app using proper capitalization. Italicize. Type of Product is Computer Software. Website Title is Apple App Store. Italicize. Version: Preferably found within the app. If not available within the app, look on the iTunes website. Enter Vers. and the version number. (Example: Vers. 1.9.) Publisher Name: The “Sold By” name found on the iTunes website. This could be the same as the author /developer name.Date Published: Use MLA date format: dd mmm yyyy (Example: 29 Feb. 2012) Medium of Publication is Web.Date Accessed is the day that you accessed this app. Remember to use proper MLA formatting for dates as listed above. URL: Enter the URL for this app from iTunes. Enclose the URL in carets (< >)...

Switch Accessible Apps for iPad/iPhone - Jane Farrall Consulting

Switch Accessible Apps for iPad/iPhone Jane Farrall, Jane Farrall Consulting www.janefarrall.com Alex Dunn, Inclusioneers http://smartinclusion.wikispaces.com/ 9th June 2013 We have divided this list into two sections. The first is a listing of switch accessible Apps that aren’t primarily designed for AAC. The second section is a listing of switch accessible Apps which are primarily designed for AAC. The only App that is in both sections is Scene&Heard. Although Scene&Heard is designed primarily as an AAC App, we are both using it for a range of educational reasons and have therefore added it to both lists. This list is updated regularly and located at A talking book about leaders and leadership. SymbolStix symbols illustrate key words. Users can also play bingo with symbols in the text, match symbols and play concentration with them. Part of the An interactive play book based around the Dirty Duds book by Pati King DeBaun. Four activities are included. These are: a simple book which introduces us to the story; an activity where the user has to find the correct picture to match a word from the story from a choice of 6; an errorless activity to explore the story items; a song activity based on the book where the user can pick one of 6 items to have a verse sung. app from Inclusive Technology has potion brewing as its goal! Small targets and multiple choices make it ideal for students who need to learn to make choices and to practice touch accuracy or scanning. imple cause and effect activities, specifically designed to provide for people with complex needs and visual impairments. The graphics are simple and based on geometric shapes. When the user presses the switch, the graphic is animated and is accompanied by music. The background colour and the colour of the graphics can be changed. 4 different sets of graphics are included within the app. Simple cause and effect activities, specifically designed to provide for people with complex needs and visual impairments. The graphics are simple and include images such as a bus, sun, person running. When the user presses the switch, the graphic is animated and is accompanied by music. The background colour and the colour of the graphics can be changed. Two extra activities include the same images, but presented as line drawings in either a simple or more complex format. 1 or 2 switch scanning. A simple one or two switch game. Two “big trucks” e.g. digger, fire truck appear onscreen. Switch 1 causes the truck on the left to animate (and occasionally be replaced). Switch 2 causes the truck on the right to animate (and occasionally be replaced). A simple game for one or two players – although it works best with two. Each player has a bumper car. During their turn they need to hit their switch or touch the bumper car on the screen. The cars then bump and the player is assigned a point value by the app. First player to 10 wins. User has no control over the performance of the bumper car, hence the game is described as errorless. Catch the Cow aims to helps users to learn to select pictures using a scanning device. It aims to provide teachers, clinicians or parents with an App to assess beginning skills for choice making through auto scanning. Direct touch can also be used and accuracy of the two modes can be compared...

Critical Evaluation of a Content-Based App - Kathy Schrock's Home ...

CRITICAL EVALUATION OF A CONTENT-BASED MOBILE APP ©2011-13. Kathleen Schrock (kathy@kathyschrock.net) iPads4tTeaching: http://ipads4teaching.net Curriculum connection: Are the skills reinforced connected to targeted skill/concept? Authenticity: Are skills practiced in an authentic format/problem-based environment? Feedback: Is feedback specific and result in improved student performance? Differentiation: Does the app offers flexibility to alter settings to meet student needs? User friendliness: Can students launch and navigate within the app independently? Student motivation: Are students motivated to use the app and select it to use often? Reporting: Is assessment/summary data available electronically to the student/teacher? Sound: Does the music/sound in the app add to the educational aspects of the content? Instructions: Are the instructions included within the app helpful to the student? Support page: Does the app’s supporting Web page provide additional useful information? Level(s) of Bloom’s Taxonomy addressed with this app (check all that apply) Remembering Summary of the app Using the data you have collected above, explain why you would or would not recommend this application for use in the classroom. Include any specific ideas you have for its use. iTunes Application Ratings (click on ratings while in the App Store to learn more) ...

ipad apps for 9th grade
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Getting Started with your iPad Organizational/Bundled Apps What it can be used for Simple word processing and note-taking can be done using the Notes app and the onscreen keyboard. Notes can be synced via iTunes to your computer, or emailed to yourself for further polishing in a word processor such as MS Word, or Apple Pages (Pages is also available as an iPad app allowing a fully featured word processor on the iPad). Pages is a fully featured word processor and page layout tool. Perfect for creating rich documents, such as book reports, school projects, advertising brochures, concert posters, invitations, etc. Pages allows you to edit and save your documents in MS Word format or as a PDF, making sharing a breeze. Safari is the iPadʼs web browser. It allows you to view complete web pages as they would appear on a standard computer. You can zoom into text or images easily for a closer look. You can have multiple pages and/or sites open at once using “tabbed” browsing. Text and images can be copied for use in other apps. The Photos app organizes all of the images on your iPad. You can create impressive looking slideshows from directly within the app. When an image is selected you can email it to someone, set it as wallpaper for your iPad, or ʻcopyʼ it for use in another app. Dropbox is a free service that lets you bring all your photos, docs, and videos anywhere. After you install Dropbox on your computer, any file you save to your dropbox will automatically save to all your computers, ipads and the Dropbox website. The free Merriam-Webster app is one of the most useful and respected dictionaryʼs.This dictionary application has an extensive word bank and the interface allows for students to speak words they are looking up and hear proper pronunciations. Students can access up to 20 articles a month for free. This will provide a valuable source of reading content that will help to drive discussions and evaluation of articles. Wolfram Alpha is described as a computational knowledge engine particularly useful with mathematical and scientific information, but is also a great starting point for research into all sorts of things - historical figures, visions, etc. Ask Wolfram a mathematical, statistical, socioeconomic, physical, chemical, linguistic question, and it will compute an answer. What it can be used for The iBooks app is a digital book viewer. Download books from the iBook store (there are thousands of free, classic books available, and thousands more paid books coming soon to the virtual bookstore). The pages of virtual books can be turned with the flick of a finger, text can be highlighted and a definition checked, text can be read via the inbuilt accessibility features. Popplet is the ideal app for sharing visual ideas; a place to collect and curate ideas. Use Popplet to: collect inspirational ideas; create galleries; record your thoughts; explore ideas. MathBoard is a stunning app for teaching addition, subtraction, multiplication and division problems. The number of customization options available make this a brilliant app for making math fun for elementary school children. -www.androapple.com DataAnalysis is a general purpose iPad App for the plotting and analysis of all types of data that can be formulated as x,y pairs. The program can be used easily by both students and professionals. It is particularly useful for quick analysis of various types of data by curve fitting, analysis of data via a standard curve, and analysis of various types of kinetic data including enzyme kinetics. This Day in History for iPad is an interactive multimedia calendar that displays historical events for the current day or any selected day, along with related media such as photos, illustrations, music, and speeches. ...

The first comprehensive drive test solution for WiMAX™ wireless ...

WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES | Coverage measurement systems The first comprehensive drive test solution for WiMAX™ wireless communications networks The sophisticated R&S®ROMES coverage measurement software can handle all wireless communications standards and can measure, merge and evaluate measurement data from a wide range of different sensors and devices, e. g. radio network analyzers, test mobile phones, data cards and GPS receivers. In conjunction with the ¸TSMW universal radio network analyzer, it represents the first comprehensive test solution on the market for the WiMAX™ standard. The versatile ¸ROMES software platform Using appropriate sensors, e.g. WiMAX™ trace data cards, the R&S®ROMES measurement software can display, store and evaluate network parameters. It provides insight into the PHY layer with important information such as RSSI, CINR and transmit power. Measurement data from up to eight neighboring cells can also be compared. The user can thus check whether the base station with the best reception quality is really always used. The layer 3 decoder in the software also assists in solving problems with cell handovers, which can result in the disconnection of calls, by providing insight into In addition to physical parameters, R&S®ROMES can also measure network quality and performance. The data quality analyzer (DQA) option uses a job list to generate data traf- example. In conjunction with the coupled focus function in R&S®ROMES, any desired points of a test drive can thus be selected, and all results with an identical time stamp visual- such as effective data transfer rate, round trip time (RTT) or connection setup time. These parameters are combined in key performance indicators (KPI), which present the essential performance aspects in concise form. The DQA also measures the effective data throughput at the application level, which if lower than expected indicates a potential need for optimization. Possible causes can, for example, be a poor CINR, a low-order modulation format (QPSK instead of 64QAM, vant base station. The numerous views of the R&S®ROMES measurement software allow optimal checking of all of these possibilities. selection of measurement areas with low coverage, for example. The map presents all parameters measured at the different layers. The user can thus easily compare the (limited) view from the perspective of a mobile phone or data card with the (comprehensive) view of the scanner, and thus draw conclusions with respect to user problems in the network. High sensitivity paired with high immunity to interference Sensitivity, dynamic range and scanning speed are the key typically 7 dB at 3.5 GHz, for example, ensures high sensitivity. This by no means compromises immunity to interference. signals outside the reception band and protects against undesired intermodulation products. In order to achieve a high scanning speed, the R&S®TSMW has been equipped with two powerful frontends. This enables simultaneous scanning and demodulation on different center frequencies. The short switchover time of <5 ms between different center frequencies even enables the quasi-parallel reception on any number of carrier frequencies across the entire frequency range from 30 MHz to 6 GHz. The very good tion with the sophisticated signal processing, ensures unparalleled measurement performance...

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