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Structural modelling and analysis using BIM tools Master of Science in Civil Engineering The School of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University Anne Kathrine Nielsen & Søren Madsen Faculties of Engineering, Science and Medicine The School of Civil Engineering Aalborg University Sohngaardsholmsvej 57 DK-9000 Aalborg Phone +45 9940 8530 http://bsn.aau.dk Title: Structural modelling and analysis using BIM tools Theme: Master’s Thesis Project period: 1st of February to the 9th of June 2010 Synopsis: This study will focus on the structural engineering part in the detail design phase of the building process. Different S-BIM tools are evaluated through analyses of ﬁve structures with varying complexity, different section properties, geometry, material properties and so on. The S-BIM tools evaluated are: Made by: Anne Kathrine Nielsen Søren Madsen Supervisor: Poul Henning Kirkegaard Editions: 3 Number of pages: 81 Appendices: 7 • Add-on tool for Revit Structure • Direct link between Revit and Robot • Direct link between Revit and StaadPro • Indirect link between Revit and Robot via IFC The Revit add-on tool tested can be rather useful for calculating section forces and deﬂection in feasibility studies if a ’load-takedown’ feature is introduced. It is found that the direct links in general are best. Regarding timber structures, the link between Revit and Robot works better than the link between Revit and StaadPro. The tested IFC exchange ﬁle format, IFC Coordination View, was not found suitable for the tests performed in this study. Completed: 9th of June 2010 The content of the report is freely available, but publication (with source reference) is only allowed with agreement by the author. Preface This study is conducted at the 4th semester of the Master of Science Programme in Civil Engineering at Aalborg University. The title of the project is Structural modelling and analysis using BIM tools. The report has been composed in the period from the 1st of February 2010 to the 9th of June 2010. The study has been supervised by Associate Professor Poul Henning Kirkegaard. The authors would like to thank: • Elizabeth Shulok from Structural Integrators for technical support to the software application SI Xchange for Revit and STAAD. • Rambøll in Aalborg for providing digital models of the House of Music in Aalborg, Denmark. In extension to this report a CD-ROM containing the employed models is enclosed. In the report the CD-ROM is referred to when relevant. The contents of the enclosed CD-ROM are listed in Appendix A.
Imagine examining hundreds of rows of raw data in Excel in an attempt to find a pattern or trend. Thankfully one of the tools we can use in Excel to make this task simpler is Conditional Formatting. Just another way Excel makes your data display, other than a chart. The Conditional Formatting features are color scales, icon sets and data bars to name a few. When to Use Excel’s Conditional Formatting: If you want to be informed in real time Answer questions visually Analyze data: find exceptions, find relationships, find trends, etc Enhance data presentations You can choose from inbuilt Conditional Formatting rules like: Top 10 or Bottom 10 using percentages, average or item Greater than, less than or equal to Text that contains a specific word or phrase A date occurring And even identify duplicate values Or you can insert a formula and create a custom conditional format. Color coding can be simple like font color, font style and cell fill, or more elaborate with icons, color scales or data bars. 1 Conditional Formatting Examples How to Apply Conditional Formatting: Select the range of cells you want formatted. From the Home tab go to the Styles group and select Conditional Formatting. The menu will appear with your formatting options. When you choose one of the options a cascading menu will appear. 2 Depending on which option you choose you will be prompted to make more selections. Note: You can specify a custom format or use one of the default formats. You can choose to format the cell fill, font style, color, size, bold, italic, underline and more. Remove Conditional Formatting Rules: Click the Conditional Formatting command. Select Clear Rules. A cascading menu appears. Choose to clear rules from the entire worksheet or the selected cells.
Important - Resize images before uploading. Before adding images to your WordPress page or post make sure you resize them. If you leave your images in their ... Before adding images to your WordPress page or post make sure you resize them. If you leave your images in their original file size they will take a long time to download and your visitor will get frustrated. If they are really large you won't even be able to upload them. What size should I aim for? When resizing images you are aiming to reduce both their physical dimensions as well as their file size. A good size for images is 800 to 1000 pixels wide. The height should look after itself as most image editing programs scale images proprtionally. By reducing the dimensions you go a long way to reducing the file size. Aim for a file size no larger than 80-100 KB. Some image editing apps like Photoshop allow you to make adjustments to image quality e.g. low, medium, high. It is a process of jiggling image quality and dimensions to get to a reasonable quality. What format to save as - JPG, PNG or GIF? Use JPG for photos and PNG and GIF for solid colour images such as illustrations. What app to use? You can resize your images using a heavy duty app like photoshop or less complicated programs like Picassa or those that come with your operating system. I'm sorry I don't really know what Windows uses these days. There are also online image editing sites you can use.
The aim of the contest is to highlight the nature of small-scale fishing and small-scale fishing communities, reflecting the social, cultural and economic importance of this sector to securing viable and sustainable livelihoods. Winning photos will be included in a ‘coffeetable’ photo book, produced as part of the Too Big To Ignore (TBTI) project. The subject Small-scale fishing and fisheries in all dimensions, both natural and human, but making visible the fishing activities itself throughout the value chain. This is to reflect the diversity, beauty and the efforts involved in this activity, and the specificities of fishing communities. Rules and submissions The contest is open to all photographers, professional or amateur, including attendees to the 2nd World Small-Scale Fisheries Congress (2WSFC). Each photographer may submit either a series of five photographs with a thematic nexus, or up to three individual images. The series and/or single photograph, in its entirety, must be original materials taken by the contestant. Formats and image size The photos will be sent in digital format, JPEG files in high resolution with at least 3.500 pixels in their longest side. Global retouching should be minimal (adjust white balance, levels, cropping etc., is allowed), but not any major modification of the original composition. The images will be set to a limit of 20 Mb. each, to be sent by e-mail or similar electronic medium to firstname.lastname@example.org. They may also be sent using links to Dropbox or Google-drive. Scanned photographs or slides of high quality are acceptable. Detailed information on specifications including photo formats, image size, photo identification etc.
Before You Begin Minimum Requirements • Computer with web browser. Cisco recommends Internet Explorer version 7 or later or Firefox version 3.6 or later. • Adobe Flash Player version 10.1 or later. • Cisco SPA300 Series or Cisco SPA500 Series IP phones. • Power adapters for the phones, as needed. Cisco SPA300 Series phones always require power adapters. Cisco SPA500 Series phones can receive power from a Power over Ethernet switch. • Ethernet cables to connect IP phones and computers. • Internet service. • Voice over IP service or analog phone service. • Optional: 2GB+ USB Flash key (FAT32 format) for site backups. NOTE To restore these default settings at any time: Using a paperclip or similar object, press and hold the Reset button on the side panel for 10 seconds. CAUTION Before installing the Cisco UC320W into an existing network with another DHCP server, refer to the Smart Designs (see links on page 4). IP address conflicts will result if two DHCP servers are installed on your network. Installation and Configuration 1 Connect a network cable from the WAN port of the Cisco UC320W to your Internet Service or Internet access device. 2 Connect the supplied power cord to the POWER port and to a power outlet. When the device is fully booted, the POWER/SYS light is steady green. 3 Connect your computer to a LAN port on the Cisco UC320W. Do not connect any devices to the LAN ports at this point. Your computer will receive an IP address in the 192.168.10.x range.
Computers crash and documents are lost all the time, so it is best to save often! Saving Initially Before you begin to type, you should save your document. To do this, go to File > Save As (Figure 2). Microsoft PowerPoint will open a dialog box where you can specify the new file’s name and location where you want it saved. Once you have specified a name and a place for your new file, press the Save button. By default, the format for PowerPoint 2010 is .pptx (Figure 3) not .ppt like in previous versions. Note: If you want to save your document on a Mac and then open it on a PC you must specify a file extension (i.e. .ppt). Usually your computer will do this for you, but if it does not you must do this process while in Save As. Once you have named your document, you change the file extension by clicking Save As Type > PowerPoint 97-2003 Presentation (Figure 4).
Microsoft PowerPoint 2013 looks different from previous versions, so we created this guide to help you minimize the learning curve. Find what you need Click any tab on the ribbon to display its buttons and commands. Manage your presentations Click the File tab to open, save, print, and manage your presentations. Show the content you want Switch views or show or hide notes and comments. Use contextual tabs Some ribbon tabs appear only when you need them. For example, when you insert or select a picture, the Picture Tools Format tab appears. See more options Click this arrow to see more options in a dialog box. Get help Click here or press F1. Need more space? Click here or press CTRL+F1 to hide or show the ribbon. Use the Format pane Use this handy pane to apply formatting to pictures, video, SmartArt, shapes, and other objects. Zoom in and out Slide this bar to the left or right to zoom in or out on slide details. Quick Start Guide When you first open PowerPoint 2013, you’ll see that you have several choices for getting started — using a template, a theme, a recent file, or a blank presentation. Search for online templates and themes Type keywords into the search box to find templates and themes online at Office.com. Use a featured theme Choose a built-in theme to start your next presentation. These work well for both widescreen (16:9) and standard screen (4:3) presentations. Choose a template category Click the template categories below the search box to find some of the most popular PowerPoint templates. Open a recent presentation It provides easy access to your most recently opened presentations. Sign in to Office Sign into your account and access the files you’ve saved to the cloud from anywhere. Find other files Browse to find presentations and other files stored on your computer or in the cloud.
This guide was developed for PowerPoint 2010 and PowerPoint for Mac 2008. 1. Creating your document A poster created in PowerPoint usually consists of a single slide. Launch Microsoft PowerPoint. PowerPoint will automatically open a blank presentation. To resize the slide, In Windows: select Page Setup from the Design tab. In Mac OS: select Page Setup from the File tab In the dialog box that pops up, select Custom under Slides sized for: Then enter the width and height of your poster, in inches. PowerPoint will automatically set portrait or landscape orientation based on the measurements you enter. The maximum size PowerPoint will allow for a slide is 56”. If you want your poster to be bigger than 56”, you can create it at half size and then print it at 200% scale although this is not recommended. 2. Turning on the Viewing Aids The viewing aids (ruler, gridlines, and guides) allow you to manage the layout of your poster better. You can align objects by snapping them to the guides, and make sure they are vertical or horizontal. To display the guides, select each in turn from the View menu. You can also turn the Snap to settings on and off on the Grid and Guides window. 1 On Mac, If none of them is checked, Select: View > Ruler and/or select: View > Guides 3. Changing the background color On PC: on the Design tab in the Background Styles menu select Format Background. On Mac: On the Format tab select Slide Background.
This manual is divided in two parts; part 1 describing how to use the programming tool Pluto Manager and part 2 describing the language rules. Part 1 begins with the chapter “Making your first program” which leads you through the creation of a simple example. For first time users this can be a good way to get started. The programming language is related to the programming standard IEC 61131-3. The programming can also be done in text form with a standard text editor. Before downloading to the system the code must be compiled to hex-format. Download of the hex-file to a PLUTO-unit and monitoring is possible by either Pluto Manager or a standard terminal program as Hyper Terminal. Note that logic faults, like for example an emergency stop that controls the wrong output, cannot be detected by this software tool. Programs must therefore be reviewed and the safety applications carefully tested before being used in applications. Installation of Pluto Manager is performed by executing the self extracting EXE-file (InstallPlutoManager… .exe) without any parameters. This leads the user through the installation allowing the user to select the appropriate location. To run the program a registration code is required. However it is possible to use it without code in DEMO mode where compilation and online functions are disabled. To run in full version, the program requires a registration code. The code can be entered at start of the program.
The Patent’s Customer Number is uniquely assigned by the USPTO and associates a single correspondence address, a group of patent practitioners and/or a fee address with submitted patents and applications. Customer Numbers (along with PKI Certificates) are required to submit pre-grant publications, Assignments, Bio-sequence listings and electronic Information Disclosure Statements (eIDS) using the USPTO’s Electronic Filing System (EFS). Customer Numbers are also required for online customer access to patent application status information using Private PAIR. When a customer receives a customer number, it is recommended they associate all pending applications and patents with this number in spreadsheet format and transmit this information to the USPTO’s Patent Electronic Business Center. Customer Numbers are used in the following areas: Links a correspondence address with patent applications Links a group of patent practitioners with patents and patent applications ➤ Links a Maintenance Fee address to published patents ➤ Permits certain EFS filing submissions (along with a PKI Digital Certificate) ➤ Permits access to Private PAIR (along with a PKI Digital Certificate)