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Harry Potter Goes to Law School Lenora Ledwon "It is our choices, Harry, that show us what we truly are, far more than our abilities." -Professor Dumbledore' Law students read Harry Potter.' They read about him in between reading cases, statutes, codes, and other texts filled with magical words. (Sometimes they read about him instead of reading cases, statutes and codes.) Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry looks very much like a Harvard Law School for wizards, a school where students learn the secrets of magic words of power. Both types of schools offer explicit and implicit lessons about power, its acquisition, and its uses. Education offers student wizards and student lawyers alike the tools to become forces for evil or good in the world. Like all great novels of development, the Harry Potter stories ask one central question, "How shall I live in the world, for good or for ill?" This is an often unspoken question in law school, where concerns about grades, jobs and salaries can all too easily take precedence. Yet, it is one law students must face. What kind of practitioner will I become? Where will I seek the kind of "fierce JOy" that Harry finds in his Seeker role? And, most importantly, what will I choose to do with this power I am acquiring? This chapter explores the implications of the similarities between law school and wizard school by focusing on the topics of: (1) students; (2) professors; (3) studying and exams; and (4) academic culture. 1 conclude that the series of Harry Potter books can be read collectively as one overarching bildungsroman (or novel of development) and that this process of development is very simi1. Chamber of Secrets 333. 2. The Chronicle ofHigher Education, in its periodic surveys of the top ten books being read on college campuses, consistently lists Harry Potter books. My own informal polls of students in my Law and Literature courses confirm that Rawling's books are quite popular arnong law students.
Note: The Harry Potter books have been conceived from their intellectual inception as a 7-book series, and challenges have normally been directed toward all the books thus far published as opposed to any single title. The obvious exception would be the challenges at the time when only the first book in the series, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, had been published (1998-early 1999). Furthermore, within three years of their publishing inception, the Harry Potter books had been the target of enough challenges to place the entire series in top positions on the ALA banned book lists for the decade, incredibly. The information below outlines some of these challenges. Boston, MA (2007): The pastor of a Catholic school declared that the Harry Potter books contained themes of witchcraft and sorcery that were inappropriate for a Catholic school and that it was “his job to protect the weak and the strong.” Gwinnett County, GA (2005-2007); AKA The Mother Who Will Not Give Up: Challenged in Gwinnett County, Georgia (suburban Atlanta) by a parent who claimed that the novels were an “evil” attempt to “indoctrinate children in pagan religion” and should therefore be taken off the shelves of all Gwinnett County public schools. Parent Laura Mallory claimed the books were full of “evil themes, witchcraft, demonic activity, murder, evil blood sacrifice, [and] spells.” She also admitted that she had not read the books series because “they’re really very long and I have four kids,” but she argued that “I don’t agree with what’s in them. I don’t have to read an entire pornographic magazine to know it’s obscene.” Mallory told the school board that she wanted “to protect children from evil, not fill their minds with it. The ‘Harry Potter’ books teach children and adults that witchcraft is OK for children.” On her original complaint form, Mallory suggested that the Harry Potter books be replaced by C. S. Lewis’s “Chronicles of Narnia” or Tim LaHaye’s “Left Behind: The Kids” series. After the county school board voted her request down, Mallory appealed to the Georgia state Board of Education, which voted on December 14th to uphold the decision of the Gwinnett County school board. After Mallory took her case to a state court and was voted down by a Georgia judge, she threatened to take the case to federal court. “I maybe need a whole new case from the ground up,” said Mallory. Mallory’s website is at http://hisvoicetoday.org/index.htm Fort Hancock, TX (2004): Challenged in Fort Hancock, TX school curriculum, for the “mysticism” and “paganism” in book. An alternate book was allowed for ...
Plants deliver life to us when they are alive in the form of food and when they are not alive by getting converted into coal over thousands and millions of years.
A Word to Mazda Owners Thank you for choosing a Mazda. We at Mazda design and build vehicles with complete customer satisfaction in mind. To help ensure enjoyable and trouble-free operation of your Mazda, read this manual carefully and follow its recommendations. An Authorized Mazda Dealer knows your vehicle best. So when maintenance or service is necessary, that's the place to go. Our nationwide network of Mazda professionals is dedicated to providing you with the best possible service. We assure you that all of us at Mazda have an ongoing interest in your motoring pleasure and in your full satisfaction with your Mazda product. Mazda Motor Corporation HIROSHIMA, JAPAN Important Notes About This Manual Keep this manual in the glove box as a handy reference for the safe and enjoyable use of your Mazda. Should you resell the vehicle, leave this manual with it for the next owner. All specifications and descriptions are accurate at the time of printing. Because improvement is a constant goal at Mazda, we reserve the right to make changes in specifications at any time without notice and without obligation. Air Conditioning and the Environment Your Mazda's genuine air conditioner is filled with R134a, a refrigerant that has been found not to damage the earth's ozone layer. If the air conditioner does not operate properly, consult an Authorized Mazda Dealer. Please be aware that this manual applies to all models, equipment and options. As a result, you may find some explanations for equipment not installed on your vehicle. ©2001 Mazda Motor Corporation Printed in Japan Apr. 2002(Print4) Form No. 8Q47-EA-01F J76Y.book Page 2 Wednesday, March 27, 2002 5:04 PM How to Use This Manual We want to help you get the most driving pleasure from your vehicle. Your owner's manual, when read from cover to cover, can do that in many ways. Illustrations complement the words of the manual to best explain how to enjoy your Mazda. By reading your manual, you can find out about the features, important safety information, and driving under various road conditions. Index: A good place to start is the Index, an alphabetical listing of all information in your manual. You'll find several WARNINGs, CAUTIONs, and NOTEs in the manual. WARNING A WARNING indicates a situation in which serious injury or death could result if the warning is ignored.
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Take design further with AutoCAD Experience the design software trusted by millions of professionals worldwide for over 30 years Design and shape the world around you Autodesk AutoCAD 2014 enriches collaboration and maps your designs into the real world What’s new • File tabs and smart command line reduce repetitive tasks • Design Feed social tools encourage collaboration Benefits • Live maps and geolocation tools incorporate real-world contexts • Enhanced reality capture tools integrate existing 3D structures Design and document more effectively Create stunning 3D designs and precise documentation. Instantly collaborate on designs and even access them from your mobile device. Create stunning designs Explore and visualize 3D concepts with a powerful set of intuitive design tools • Design virtually any concept with 3D free‑form tools • Situate your design ideas in real-world settings with live maps and powerful new reality capture capabilities • Ensure file format compatibility with native DWG™ support • Access files from the cloud with Autodesk® 360 Document precisely Accelerate documentation by automating common tasks and streamlining workflows • Create precise, construction-ready documentation automatically from your AutoCAD 3D models • Work faster with automation, management, and editing tools that minimize repetitive tasks and speed time to completion • Communicate with impact using integrated 3D rendering tools • Customize AutoCAD® with Autodesk® Exchange Apps Take your drawings everywhere with AutoCAD® 360 web and mobile Customize with ease Configure AutoCAD software in ways you never thought possible • Customize AutoCAD to help meet your unique needs with Autodesk Exchange Apps • Adjust your settings, extend the software, build custom workflows, develop your own application, or build on an existing one Connect more quickly Engage in richly contextual idea exchanges with colleagues using connected design technologies • Help ensure file format compatibility and reliability using TrustedDWG™ technology, one of the world’s most widely used design data formats • Bring your ideas to life with presentationready graphics, rendering tools, and powerful plotting and 3D printing capabilities • Drive greater involvement with project stakeholders using Design Feed, an integrated social media-style collaboration tool What is AutoCAD 360? AutoCAD 360 is a free, easy-to-use web and mobile drawing and drafting application that lets you view, create, edit, and share drawings—anytime, anywhere. AutoCAD 360 helps you: • View, create, edit, and share AutoCAD drawings easily from web browsers and mobile devices. • Collaborate on drawings with other AutoCAD 360 users in real time with integrated sharing tools. • Simplify site visits and fieldwork with drawing review and markup tools— available online and offline using mobile devices. • Access your drawings anytime, anywhere with built-in cloud storage. Visit www.autocad360.com to learn more and download the mobile app for iOS and Android. Autodesk AutoCAD 2014 Image Area New and enhanced features Design Feed A fully integrated social media-style collaboration tool that fosters greater involvement with project stakeholders
AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Chapter 1 Introduction -1- AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 1.1 Launching AutoCAD 1. Choose Start from the Windows program manager. 2. Choose Programs, Autodesk ,AutoCAD 2004. 3. Click the AutoCAD 2004 for Windows icon. or 4. Choose the AutoCAD 2004 icon from the desktop. -2- AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 1.2 Text and Graphics Screens The graphics screen and the text screen are two different screens available in the drawing editor. 1. Press Function key F2 on the keyboard. TIPS: Be sure the Model Tab is highlighted at the bottom of the drawing window. “Layouts” will be covered in a later session. The Cursor must be in the drawing window in order to select objects. Maximize the AutoCAD windows to be full screen. This will make the drawings bigger and easier to read. Use ALT + TAB to move between Windows applications. -3- AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 1.3 Cursor Controls the size of the crosshair. The allowable range is from 1 to 100 percent of the total screen. At 100% the ends of the crosshair are never visible. When the size is decreased to 99% or below, the crosshairs have a finite size, and the crosshairs’ ends are visible when moved to the edge of the graphics area. The default size is 5%. 1. Choose Tools, Options… 2. Click the Display TAB. 3. Drag the slider bar in the lower left corner of the dialog to set the cursor size. -4- AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 1.4 Canceling a Command 1. TIP: Pressing Press the ESCAPE (ESC) key on the keyboard. ESC twice -5- clears nested commands.
Vaccination of dogs and cats protects them from infections that may be lethal or cause serious disease. Vaccination is a safe and efficacious practice that in many countries has had major impact on improving the quality of life of small companion animals. The success of small animal vaccination programmes over the past five decades mirrors the success of vaccination in controlling disease in the human population. Owners and breeders of dogs and cats will be very aware of the prominent media exposure that has been given to the practice of vaccination in human and animal populations in the past two decades. This public attention has focussed on the rare instances of adverse events that might follow administration of vaccines to people or animals. The medical and veterinary professions have devoted considerable time and effort to addressing vaccination issues and developing protocols for the administration of these products that increase safety and minimize the already low risks associated with vaccination. Many owners and breeders will be aware of the expert groups that have been convened to offer medical and veterinary practitioners guidance on the optimum methods of delivering vaccination to their patients. In veterinary medicine, one such body is the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) Vaccination Guidelines Group (VGG) that has provided science-based advice to small animal practitioners in a document originally published in 2007 and updated in 2010. The VGG, is however, very aware that high quality scientific information related to the practice of small animal vaccination is not readily accessed by the lay public in a form that is comprehensible. Unfortunately, there is much misinformation that is ...
When considering any form of aviation it is important to first ask yourself this question. A brief description below can start you off with your checklist. The key is to match your desire as closely as possible before stepping into the investment to hopefully get the most out of your budding career.
Potensi bencana alam yang tinggi pada dasarnya tidak lebih dari sekedar refleksi fenomena alam yang secara geografis sangat khas untuk wilayah tanah air kita. Indonesia merupakan Negara kepulauan tempat dimana tiga lempeng besar dunia bertemu, yaitu: lempeng Indo-Australia, Eurasia dan Pasifik. Interaksi antar lempeng-lempeng tersebut lebih lanjut menempatkan Indonesia sebagai wilayah yang memiliki aktivitas kegunungapian dan kegempaan yang cukup tinggi. Lebih dari itu, proses dinamika lempeng yang cukup intensif juga telah membentuk relief permukaan bumi yang khas dan cukup bervariasi, dari wilayah pegunungan dengan lereng-lerengnya yang curam dan seakan menyiratkan potensi longsor yang tinggi hingga wilayah yang landai sepanjang pantai dengan potensi ancaman banjir, penurunan tanah dan tsunaminya (Sadisun, 2005-2006). Berbagai potensi bencana alam yang mungkin timbul sudah sebaiknya harus kita kenal agar karakter bahaya alam tersebut dapat kita minimalkan dampaknya. Selain itu, potensi bencana alam ini telah diperparah oleh beberapa permasalahan lain yang muncul di tanah air kita yang memicu peningkatan kerentanannya. Laju pertumbuhan penduduk yang sangat tinggi merupakan salah satu contoh nyata, sehingga akan banyak membutuhkan kawasan-kawasan hunian baru yang pada akhirnya kawasan hunian tersebut akan terus berkembang dan menyebar hingga mencapai wilayah-wilayah marginal yang tidak selayaknya dihuni. Tidak tertib dan tepatnya perencanaan tata guna lahan, sebagai inti dari permasalahan ini merupakan faktor utama yang menyebabkan adanya peningkatan kerentanan. Peningkatan kerentanan ini akan lebih diperparah bila masyarakat sama sekali tidak menyadari dan tanggap terhadap adanya potensi bencana alam di daerahnya. Pengalaman memperlihatkan bahwa kejadian-kejadian bencana alam selama ini telah banyak menimbulkan kerugian dan penderitaan yang cukup berat sebagai akibat dari perpaduan bahaya alam dan kompleksitas permasalahan lainnya. Untuk itu diperlukan upaya-upaya yang komprehensif untuk mengurangi resiko bencana alam, antara lain yaitu dengan melakukan kegiatan migitasi. Bencana (disaster) merupakan fenomena sosial akibat kolektif atas komponen bahaya (hazard) yang berupa fenomena alam/buatan di satu pihak, dengan kerentanan (vulnerability) komunitas di pihak lain. Bencana terjadi apabila komunitas mempunyai tingkat kapasitas/kemampuan yang lebih rendah dibanding dengan tingkat bahaya yang mungkin terjadi padanya. Misalnya, letusan G. Merapi dan bahaya lainnya gempa bumi, banjir, gerakan tanah, dan lainnya tidak akan sertamerta menjadi bencana apabila komunitas memiliki kapasitas mengelola bahaya. Bencana cenderung terjadi pada komunitas yang rentan, dan akan membuat komunitas semakin rentan. Kerentanan komunitas diawali oleh kondisi lingkungan fisik, sosial, dan ekonomi yang tidak aman (unsave conditions) yang melekat padanya. Kondisi tidak aman tersebut terjadi oleh tekanan dinamis internal maupun eksternal (dynamic pressures), misalnya di komunitas institusi lokal tidak berkembang dan ketrampilan tepat guna tidak dimiliki. Tekanan dinamis terjadi karena terdapat akar permasalahan (root causes) yang menyertainya. Akar permasalahan internal umumnya karena komunitas tidak mempunyai akses sumberdaya, struktur dan kekuasaan, sedang secara eksternal karena sistem politik dan ekonomi yang tidak tepat. Oleh karenanya penanganan bencana perlu dilakukan secara menyeluruh dengan meningkatkan kapasitas dan menangani akar permasalahan untuk mereduksi resiko secara total. Siklus penanggulangan bencana yang perlu dilakukan secara utuh. Upaya pencegahan (prevention) terhadap munculnya dampak adalah perlakuan utama. Tsunami tidak dapat dicegah. Pencegahan dapat dilakukan pada bahaya yang manusia terlibat langsung maupun tidak langsung. Pada tsunami misalnya. Pencegahan dapat dilakukan rakyat dengan membuat bendung penahan ombak, bangunan panggung tahan ombak, penataan ruang dan sebagainya. Agar tidak terjadi jebolnya tanggul, maka perlu disusun save procedure dan kontrol terhadap kepatuhan perlakuan. Walaupun pencegahan sudah dilakukan, sementara peluang adanya kejadian masih ada, maka perlu dilakukan upaya-upaya mitigasi...