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BAHASA INGGRIS : XII IPA/IPS : 90 menit Mata Pelajaran Kelas/ Program Waktu Choose A, B, C, D, or E for the correct answer. Listening Section In this section of the test, you will have the chance to show how well you understand spoken English. There are three parts to this section with special directions for each part. Part I Questions 1 to 5 Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear some dialogues or questions spoken in English. The dialogues or questions will be spoken two times. They will not be printed in your test book so you must listen carefully to understand what the speakers say. After you hear a dialogue and the question about it, read the five possible answers and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Now listen to a sample question. You will hear: Man : How about exercising tomorrow morning? Woman : Alright. Pick me up at 6. You will also hear: Narrator : What will the man do? You will read in your test book: a. Do exercise at 6. b. Go with six women. c. Take exercise alone. d. Leave the woman alone. e. come to the woman’s house. The best answer to the question is “Come to the woman’s house.” Therefore, you should choose answer (e). 1. a. She cut herself quite badly. b. She wasn’t given any help. c. She cried while slicing onions. d. She sliced the onions hurriedly. e. She was going to make fried rice. 2. a. Do his assignment b. See a book fair. c. Buy a history book. d. Offer the woman a book. e. Go to the woman’s house. 3. a. To buy a novel. b. To read a novel. c. To lend a novel. d. To go to a bookstore. e. To finish reading a novel. 4. a.1 b.2 c.3 d.4 e.5 Latihan Soal UN dan Ujian SNMPTN /PTS 2012/2013 1 5. a.1 b.2 c.3 d.4 e.5 PART II Questions 6 to 10 Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a statement or a question spoken in English, foolowed by four responses, also spoken in English. The statement or question and the responses will be spoken two times. They will not be printed in your test book, so you must listen carefully to understand what the speakers say. You have to choose the best response to each statement or question. Now listen to a sample question: You will hear: Woman : Good morning, John. How are you? Man : …… You will also hear: a. I am fine, thank you. c. Let me introduce myself. b. I am in the living room. d. My name is John Travolta. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. The best answer to the question “How are you?” is choice (a), “I’m fine, thank you.” Therefore, you should choose answer (a). Mark your answer on your answer sheet. Mark your answer on your answer sheet. Mark your answer on your answer sheet. Mark your answer on your answer sheet. Mark your answer on your answer sheet. Part III Questions 11 to 15 Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several monologues. Each monologue will be spoken two times. They will not be printed in your test book so you must listen carefully to understand what the speakers say. After you hear a monologue and the questions about it, read the five possible answers and decide which one would be the best answer to the questions you have heard. 11. a. b. c. Goose hunting An unfaithful dog An unusual accident d. A mathematics teacher e. Chambers Country Policeman 12. a. b. c. Arthur Houston Labrador d. Perry Price e. Joe LaRive Latihan Soal UN dan Ujian SNMPTN /PTS 2012/2013 2 13. a. b. c. It lies on high land. It is densely populated. It lies on a flat low plain area. d. The climate is hot and humid. e. It is at the mouth of the Ciliwung River. 14. a. b. c. James’ pet dog Muggs’ characteristics Muggs’ strange behavior d. The night when Muggs died e. Browny, the Cocker Spaniel 15. a. b. c. Andre Muggs James d. Browny e. George This is the end of the listening section Reading Section Text 1 is for number 16 Miss Ratu, I’m going to have a business trip to Surabaya and Jakarta. I’d like to go by train from here to Surabaya this afternoon and spend two days there. Then I’d like to fly to Jakarta and stay there for three nights. 1. Please book an executive class train ticket and seat reservation to Surabaya. 2. Please book single room with bath for three nights (Wed 1, Thurs 2, Fri 3) at Sulthan Hotel, Jakarta Selatan. Thanks, Raja 16. What is the message about? A. B. C. D. E. Mr. Raja’s request to his secretary. Ratu’s plan to Surabaya. A business trip to Surabaya. Mr. Raja’s schedule to Jakarta. A reservation for a train ticket. Text 2 is for number 17 Hi, Guys! 78 shs will hold a Fund Raising Activity next month. It is intended to help victims of earthquake in several areas in Aceh. Everyone who is interested in this activity, please join us. You are also invited to donor your used clothes. For further information, please contact Teuku as the chief program cocoordinator at his office or to the following numbers: 021- 7996070 081318777056 17. What is the activity for? A. Collecting used clothes B. Helping their raising activity C. Joining fund raising activity D. Helping victims of earthquakes E. Inviting neighbor to donor used clothes Text 3 is for number 18 The University of Australia The University of Australia has an international reputation for educational professionals and applied research. It is Australia’s largest university, with six campuses, including a specialized technology campus. The university places particular importance on the quality of its teaching and learning programs, and on its working links with industry, business and government. 18. Which information is NOT TRUE about the University of Australia? Latihan Soal UN dan Ujian SNMPTN /PTS 2012/2013 3 A. B. C. D. E. It has an international educational reputation It also has a specialized technology campus It has six technology campuses It is Australia’s largest university It has good relation with industry Text 4 is for number 19 and 20 Quake Rocks Southern Philippines Philippines: A 5,3-magnitude earthquake struck the southern Philippines on Thursday, the U.S. Geological Survey said, but there were no reports of casualties or damage. The undersea quake struck at 11:20 a.m. (03200 GMT) around 96 kilometers south east of the southern city of General Santos on the island of Mindanao, the U.S. agency said. The quake was felt in various cities in Mindanao but was not large enough to cause any major damage or panic, said the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs). The archipelago nation, made up of more than 7,000 islands, sits on the Pacific “Ring of fire” where continental plates collide, causing frequent seismic and volcanic activity. (Adapted from the Jakarta Post, December 2008) 19. How do we know that the quake was not considered as a big one? Because .... A. It was an undersea quake B. There was no victims or damage C. The quake was less than 5,3 magnitute D. The distance was deep down the sea E. The quake rocked the center of Mindanao, ...
Soal-Soal dan Pembahasan SNMPTN Matematika IPA Tahun Pelajaran 2010/2011 Tanggal Ujian: 01 Juni 2011 1. Diketahui vektor u = (a, -2, -1) dan v = (a, a, -1). Jika vektor u tegak lurus pada v , maka nilai a adalah ... A. -1 B. 0 C. 1 D. 2 E. 3 Jawab: Vektor: vektor u tegak lurus pada v maka u . v = 0 u = −2 , v = −1 −2 . −1 −1 (a – 1) (a-1) = 0 maka a = 1 −1 = a2 – 2a + 1 = 0 (a - 1)2 = 0 Jawabannya adalah C 2. Pernyataan berikut yang benar adalah ... A. Jika sin x = sin y maka x = y B. Untuk setiap vektor u , v dan w berlaku u . ( v . w ) = ( u . v ). w C. Jika b f ( x) dx = 0, maka a D. Ada fungsi f sehingga E. 1 – cos 2x = 2 cos2 x f ( x )= 0 Lim f(x) ≠ f(c) untuk suatu c xc www.belajar-matematika.com - 1 Jawab: Trigonometri, vektor, integral, limit A. Ambil nilai dimana sin x = sin y sin α = sin (1800 – α ) ambil nilai α = 600 sin 600 = sin 1200 ; tetapi 600 ≠ 1200 Pernyataan SALAH B. Operasi u . ( v . w ) tak terdefinisi karena v . w = skalar, sedangkan u = vektor vektor . skalar = tak terdefinisi Pernyataan SALAH C. Ambil contoh cari cepat hasil dimana b f ( x) dx = 0 ; a 1 Didapat b = 1 dan a = -1 maka f(x)= x x dx = 0 1 terbukti : f(x) = x bukan f(x) = 0 x2 | Pernyataan SALAH D. Ambil contoh f(x) = Lim xc f(x) = Lim x 1 ( ( = ( ( ) ( )( ) = ) ( ) Lim f(x) ≠ f(c) 2 ≠ 1 xc ) ( )( ) = ) ( ) =2 Pernyataan BENAR E. 1 – cos 2x = 1 – ( 2cos2 x – 1) = 1 + 1 - 2cos2 x = 2 - 2cos2 x = 2 ( 1 – cos2 x) Pernyataan SALAH Jawabannya adalah D www.belajar-matematika.com - 2 = (1 – 1) = 0 3. Luas daerah di bawah y = -x2 +8x dan di atas y = 6x - 24 dan terletak di kuadran I adalah.... a. ∫ (− b. ∫ (− c. ∫ (− +8 ) +8 ) +8 ) d. ∫ (6 − 24) e. ∫ (6 − 24) Jawab: Integral: +∫ ( + ∫ (− + ∫ (− + ∫ (− + ∫ (− − 2 − 24) + 2 + 24) + 2 + 24) +8 ) +8 ) kuadran I titik potong kedua persamaan : y1 = y2 -x2 +8x = 6x-24 -x2 +8x - 6x+24 = 0 -x2 +2x + 24 = 0 x2 -2x - 24 = 0 (x - 6) (x+4)0 x = 6 atau x = -4 karena di kuadran I maka yang berlaku adalah x = 6 y = 6.6 – 24= 12 berada di titik (6,12) www.belajar-matematika.com - 3 L = ∫ (− = ∫ (− +8 ) +8 ) + ∫ ((− + ∫ (− Jawabannya adalah B + 8 ) − (6 − 24)) + 2 + 24) 4. sin 350 cos 400 - cos 35 sin 400 = A. cos 50 B. sin 50 C. cos 950 D. cos 750 E. sin 750 Jawab: Trigonometri: Pakai rumus: sin (A - B) = sin A cos B - cos A Sin B A= 350 ; B = 400 = sin (350 - 400) = sin -50 Cos (90 0 - ) = sin rumus Cos (90 0 - (-50) ) = sin -50 = -50 Cos 950 = sin -50 Jawabannya adalah C 5. Diketahui g(x) = ax2 – bx + a – b habis dibagi x – 1. Jika f(x) adalah suku banyak yang bersisa a ketika dibagi x – 1 dan bersisa 3ax + b2 + 1 ketika dibagi g(x), maka nilai a adalah...... A. -1 B. -2 C. 1 D. 2 Jawab: Suku Banyak: g(x) = ax2 – bx + a – b habis dibagi x – 1 g(1) = 0 g(1) = a . 1 – b .1 + a – b = 0 =a–b+a–b=0 2a – 2b = 0 2a = 2b a = b karena a = b maka: g(x) = ax2 – ax + a – a = ax2 – ax www.belajar-matematika.com - 4 E. 3 f(x) dibagi dengan f(x-1) sisa a f(1) = a f(x) dibagi dengan g(x) sisa 3ax + b2 + 1 f(x) dibagi dengan ax2 – ax sisa 3ax + b2 + 1 f(x) dibagi dengan ax(x – 1) sisa 3ax + b2 + 1 teorema suku banyak: Jika suatu banyak f(x) dibagi oleh (x- k) akan diperoleh hasil bagi H(x) dan sisa pembagian S f(x) = (x- k) H(x) + S f(x) dibagi dengan ax(x – 1) sisa 3ax + b2 + 1 f(x) = ax (x - 1) H(x) + (3ax + b2 + 1) substitusikan nilai nol dari pembagi yaitu x = 0 dan x = 1 dari ax (x - 1) ambil x = 1 untuk x = 1 f(1) = a . 1 (1 – 1) H(0) + 3a.1 + b2 + 1 a = 0 + 3a + b2 + 1 diketahu a = b, masukkan nilai a = b a = 3a + a2 + 1 a2 + 2a + 1 = 0 (a+1)(a+1) = (a+1)2 = 0 a = -1 Jawabannya adalah A 6. Rotasi sebesar 450 terhadap titik asal diikuti dengan pencerminan terhadap y = -x memetakan titik (3,4) ke .... A. √ B. − Jawab: ,√ √ ,√ C. D. √ √ ,−√ ,−√ E. − Transformasi Geometri: cos Rotasi sebesar 450 terhadap titik asal = sin sin cos 0 1 pencerminan terhadap y = -x 1 0 www.belajar-matematika.com - 5 √ ,√
It is important to use a step by step organized approach to develop packaging design. Among other things, it helps to define which steps are client responsibilities and which are responsibilities of the design firm. 1. The first step in the process is for the client to describe the assignment to the design firm, assemble all relevant information and materials, list product benefits and key points in their priority of importance and clarify any mandatories. A “mandatory” is something that is required for the category or company. A “category” example would be the legal way a product should be described. A “company” example could be that the company president doesn’t like the color red. That means that the designer won’t use red! 2. The second step is for the design firm to prepare a proposal for the client. The proposal should include the designer’s understanding of the assignment and responsibilities, and how the designer plans to execute the assignment, spelling out deliverables, timetables and costs for each module or phase in the process. 3. The third is the most important step in the design process and it has nothing to do with graphics. The client and/or the design firm must develop a Communications Strategy that includes a strong USP - Unique Selling Proposition - (sometimes referred to as a Brand Positioning or the Brand Essence) as well as specific design direction for the specific project. The USP gives the trade and consumer a clear understanding of what makes your product different and better than your competition. There is nothing more important to the designer than to have a clear, powerful Brand Positioning to execute.
Potensi bencana alam yang tinggi pada dasarnya tidak lebih dari sekedar refleksi fenomena alam yang secara geografis sangat khas untuk wilayah tanah air kita. Indonesia merupakan Negara kepulauan tempat dimana tiga lempeng besar dunia bertemu, yaitu: lempeng Indo-Australia, Eurasia dan Pasifik. Interaksi antar lempeng-lempeng tersebut lebih lanjut menempatkan Indonesia sebagai wilayah yang memiliki aktivitas kegunungapian dan kegempaan yang cukup tinggi. Lebih dari itu, proses dinamika lempeng yang cukup intensif juga telah membentuk relief permukaan bumi yang khas dan cukup bervariasi, dari wilayah pegunungan dengan lereng-lerengnya yang curam dan seakan menyiratkan potensi longsor yang tinggi hingga wilayah yang landai sepanjang pantai dengan potensi ancaman banjir, penurunan tanah dan tsunaminya (Sadisun, 2005-2006). Berbagai potensi bencana alam yang mungkin timbul sudah sebaiknya harus kita kenal agar karakter bahaya alam tersebut dapat kita minimalkan dampaknya. Selain itu, potensi bencana alam ini telah diperparah oleh beberapa permasalahan lain yang muncul di tanah air kita yang memicu peningkatan kerentanannya. Laju pertumbuhan penduduk yang sangat tinggi merupakan salah satu contoh nyata, sehingga akan banyak membutuhkan kawasan-kawasan hunian baru yang pada akhirnya kawasan hunian tersebut akan terus berkembang dan menyebar hingga mencapai wilayah-wilayah marginal yang tidak selayaknya dihuni. Tidak tertib dan tepatnya perencanaan tata guna lahan, sebagai inti dari permasalahan ini merupakan faktor utama yang menyebabkan adanya peningkatan kerentanan. Peningkatan kerentanan ini akan lebih diperparah bila masyarakat sama sekali tidak menyadari dan tanggap terhadap adanya potensi bencana alam di daerahnya. Pengalaman memperlihatkan bahwa kejadian-kejadian bencana alam selama ini telah banyak menimbulkan kerugian dan penderitaan yang cukup berat sebagai akibat dari perpaduan bahaya alam dan kompleksitas permasalahan lainnya. Untuk itu diperlukan upaya-upaya yang komprehensif untuk mengurangi resiko bencana alam, antara lain yaitu dengan melakukan kegiatan migitasi. Bencana (disaster) merupakan fenomena sosial akibat kolektif atas komponen bahaya (hazard) yang berupa fenomena alam/buatan di satu pihak, dengan kerentanan (vulnerability) komunitas di pihak lain. Bencana terjadi apabila komunitas mempunyai tingkat kapasitas/kemampuan yang lebih rendah dibanding dengan tingkat bahaya yang mungkin terjadi padanya. Misalnya, letusan G. Merapi dan bahaya lainnya gempa bumi, banjir, gerakan tanah, dan lainnya tidak akan sertamerta menjadi bencana apabila komunitas memiliki kapasitas mengelola bahaya. Bencana cenderung terjadi pada komunitas yang rentan, dan akan membuat komunitas semakin rentan. Kerentanan komunitas diawali oleh kondisi lingkungan fisik, sosial, dan ekonomi yang tidak aman (unsave conditions) yang melekat padanya. Kondisi tidak aman tersebut terjadi oleh tekanan dinamis internal maupun eksternal (dynamic pressures), misalnya di komunitas institusi lokal tidak berkembang dan ketrampilan tepat guna tidak dimiliki. Tekanan dinamis terjadi karena terdapat akar permasalahan (root causes) yang menyertainya. Akar permasalahan internal umumnya karena komunitas tidak mempunyai akses sumberdaya, struktur dan kekuasaan, sedang secara eksternal karena sistem politik dan ekonomi yang tidak tepat. Oleh karenanya penanganan bencana perlu dilakukan secara menyeluruh dengan meningkatkan kapasitas dan menangani akar permasalahan untuk mereduksi resiko secara total. Siklus penanggulangan bencana yang perlu dilakukan secara utuh. Upaya pencegahan (prevention) terhadap munculnya dampak adalah perlakuan utama. Tsunami tidak dapat dicegah. Pencegahan dapat dilakukan pada bahaya yang manusia terlibat langsung maupun tidak langsung. Pada tsunami misalnya. Pencegahan dapat dilakukan rakyat dengan membuat bendung penahan ombak, bangunan panggung tahan ombak, penataan ruang dan sebagainya. Agar tidak terjadi jebolnya tanggul, maka perlu disusun save procedure dan kontrol terhadap kepatuhan perlakuan. Walaupun pencegahan sudah dilakukan, sementara peluang adanya kejadian masih ada, maka perlu dilakukan upaya-upaya mitigasi...
This tutorial presents an introduction to the Quartus R II CAD system. It gives a general overview of a typical CAD ﬂow for designing circuits that are implemented by using FPGA devices, and shows how this ﬂow is realized in the Quartus II software. The design process is illustrated by giving step-by-step instructions for using the Quartus II software to implement a very simple circuit in an Altera FPGA device. The Quartus II system includes full support for all of the popular methods of entering a description of the desired circuit into a CAD system. This tutorial makes use of the schematic design entry method, in which the user draws a graphical diagram of the circuit. Two other versions of this tutorial are also available, which use the Verilog and VHDL hardware description languages, respectively. The last step in the design process involves conﬁguring the designed circuit in an actual FPGA device. To show how this is done, it is assumed that the user has access to the Altera DE2 Development and Education board connected to a computer that has Quartus II software installed. A reader who does not have access to the DE2 board will still ﬁnd the tutorial useful to learn how the FPGA programming and conﬁguration task is performed. The screen captures in the tutorial were obtained using the Quartus II version 8.0; if other versions of the software are used, some of the images may be slightly different. Contents: Typical CAD Flow Getting Started Starting a New Project Schematic Design Entry Compiling the Design Pin Assignment Simulating the Designed Circuit Programming and Conﬁguring the FPGA Device Testing the Designed Circuit 1 Computer Aided Design (CAD) software makes it easy to implement a desired logic circuit by using a programmable logic device, such as a ﬁeld-programmable gate array (FPGA) chip. A typical FPGA CAD ﬂow is illustrated in Figure 1.
Consumer Rights & Protec tions • Know your loan. A Payday Loan is a loan with a finance charge exceeding 36% and with a term that does not exceed 120 days. An Installment Payday Loan is similar to a Payday Loan but has a term of not less than 112 days and not more than 180 days. • You cannot be charged fees of more than $15.50 per $100 borrowed and you have the right to full disclosure in your contract of all fees and the annual percentage rate (APR). • The maximum amount you can borrow varies depending on your income, but in no event can your monthly payment on a Payday Loan or Installment Payday Loan exceed $1,000. • For Payday Loans you can request a repayment plan after 35 days of outstanding debt. Once in the repayment plan you cannot be charged interest, finances charges or fees of any kind. Installment Payday Loans are not eligible for a repayment plan. • A lender cannot charge you for attorney’s fees or court costs to collect the outstanding debt. • Members of the military have additional protections including: a ban on wage garnishment, deferral of collection activity for personnel deployed to a combat area, and a prohibition on contacting your commanding officer. • You can cancel a wage assignment at any time by contacting the lender. • For a complete copy of the law establishing Payday Loans or to file a complaint against a loan company, got to www.idfpr.com and click on “Other Financial Institutions.”
Please see reverse side for additional information! Please attach to this complaint copies of all the documents which support your complaint. For those items marked with an asterisk (*), copies of supporting documents are very important. Such documents may include, for example, newspaper or other advertising, contracts, certificates of title, manufacturer’s statement of origin, odometer disclosure statements, repair or work order(s), bill of sale, litigation documents (Petition, Answer, Journal Entry of Judgment), vehicle transfer ownership agreement, foreign title assignment affidavit, power of attorney, secured power of attorney, affidavits to a fact, temporary registration permits and any (and all) documents related to this complaint. Please note: This is a formal complaint to the Kansas Department of Revenue, Division of Vehicles, Vehicle Dealer Licensing Bureau. As such, the information provided below will be used to conduct investigative efforts deemed necessary and sufficient by the Department for enforcement of the Kansas Vehicle Dealer & Manufacturer Licensing Act, K.S.A. 8-2401, et seq. The complaining party is providing this information for the express purpose of enabling the department to fulfill its statutory enforcement duties and if the result of any investigation conducted following this complaint determines such violations the licensee (dealer) found in violation, following an opportunity for administrative hearing in accordance with K.S.A. 8-2411, may be subject to fines from $50.00 to $1,000.00 or suspension, revocation or non-renewal of license or both. The Kansas Department of Revenue, Division of Vehicles, though, does not have the following authority: ...the authority to order a dealer to deliver title to a purchaser; ...the authority to order a dealer to return to a vehicle purchaser any of the purchase price of a vehicle; ...the authority to order a dealer to perform any specific act in conjunction with a sale or service transaction with any customer. Use the below lines to continue your narrative.
Greetings, Thank you for contacting the Raleigh Police Department regarding the hiring of officers for off-duty employment. A Contract for Secondary Employment of Raleigh Police Officer must be completed and a Certificate of Insurance must be produced to accomplish this. Please carefully read over the instructions provided here. When completing the contract, the red-outlined boxes must be filled-in. If the Secondary Employer is a corporation then a president or vice president must sign the contract-which must be attested to by another corporate officer. (Note: the Notary should not simultaneously sign as Attest on the contract). If the organization is an LLC, then a Managing Member must be the signatory (an Attest is not required in the case of an LLC or in the case of a General Partnership). The notarization date must match the date signed by the Secondary Employer (page 8 of contract). A Certificate of Insurance (C.O.I.) that shows liability and workers compensation coverage amounts as described in the contract must be provided. Employers must meet or exceed the city’s liability requirements as well as the statutory limit of workers comp coverage. The name of the Secondary Employer must precisely match the name of the Insured party listed on the C.O.I. Also, the C.O.I. must list the City of Raleigh as a Certificate Holder with the Raleigh Police Dept. Front Street address. Additional Important Information: • Please be aware that the minimum pay rate for an off-duty officer is $35.00 per hour and the minimum length of a shift is 3 hours. A supervisor may be required due to the nature of the assignment or the number of officers working at the job site. In such cases, a supervisory rate of $40.00 per hour will apply for locations where the Department mandates the presence of a supervisor. • Individual contracts must be prepared for each officer hired (e.g. – if 2 officers are to be hired then two contracts are needed, 3 officers hired=3 contracts, etc.) RALEIGH POLICE DEPARTMENT 1221 Front Street • RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA 27609 • 919-996-1444
It is difficult to succinctly characterize Middle Byzantine architecture because the Byzantine Empire was so expansive during this period that regional building traditions exerted just as strong an influence over building styles as did contemporary trends.1 Therefore, rather than studying “Middle Byzantine architecture,” it is more useful to study “Middle Byzantine architecture in the West,” “Middle Byzantine architecture in Greece,” etc. By way of introduction to architecture in this period, this reading assignment will provide you with examples of major architectural monuments from three different regions in the Byzantine Empire: Greece, Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul), and the West. Although it is difficult to ascribe particular styles to Middle Byzantine architecture, there are a few general features that are associated with architecture of this period. To begin with, societal changes that had taken hold by the early days of the Middle Byzantine Period changed the purpose, function, and patronage of Byzantine churches. The population had declined and there was greater instability in the culture, owing in part to the chaos and unrest of the earlier iconoclastic period. Christian services became smaller and more intimate, and with the growth of monasticism, patronage shifted away from church authorities towards monasteries. Ultimately, this shift resulted in the emergence of smaller, more intimate churches and the development of a condensed, centralized church plan. Worship also became a quieter, more individual experience involving private prayer, in contrast to the large-scale, public services of the Early Byzantine period. This new type of worship necessitated a new church style with more than just a large hall for Christian ceremony. The newer churches, which tended to be smaller than the earlier counterparts, included a number of secondary spaces for private worship and contemplation.2 Other features common to Middle Byzantine churches include brick construction, a cross-in-square plan, and extensive interior mosaic decoration. Myrelaion Church, Istanbul, 10th Century relevant images of this building: Exterior.) ...