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An abstract is a brief comprehensive summary of the paper between 150 and 250 words. Do not add to or comment on the body of the work here. It provides the reader with a brief overview of the article. This paper is a guide to writing a general paper in according to the Publication Manual Type the abstract in block format, one paragraph, no indentations and double spaced. of the American Psychological Association. The guide instructs a user on how to format a paper in APA style, illustrating structure, style and content, as well as presenting detailed examples of references cited, including print examples of books, magazine articles and reference works. Additional examples are provided for electronic versions of the above. There are several different types of articles appropriate for publication in the APA or American Psychological Association style. These include reports of empirical 1 inch margins on all sides studies, literature reviews, theoretical articles, methodological articles, and case studies. Each of these types of articles follows a proscribed format. Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition for the most up to date 1 inch margins on all sides. Leave right side ragged and do not hyphenate words.
Some assignments will call for an abstract. An abstract is a summary of your paper. An abstract should be short and concise but include the topic of your paper, the main points you are writing about, and the conclusions you reach. Do not indent the 1st line of your Abstract It should be written in block format Include a brief sentence summary for all sections of your paper. An abstract is typically 150-250 words long. Your paper should: word Introduction as a heading. It is understood that the opening paragraph of your paper is your introduction. The APA suggests the following set up for an * be double spaced * have 1 inch margins introduction: Introduce the problem, explore the importance of the problem, describe relevant scholarship, and explain your approach to solving the problem. This may vary depending on your assignment. * be typed in Times font * indent paragraphs ½ inch or 5-7 spaces The Body of your Paper Headings should After you write the introduction, you will develop the body of the paper. be boldfaced, centered, and all major words In a formal psychology paper documenting an experiment, the standard capitalized structure for an experiment is: Method, Results, Discussion. Each of these Footnotes can be used to provide additional information sections would use a heading to guide the reader through the paper. The paper ends with References, Footnotes, Appendices and Supplemental Materials1. Consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
Professor Haberdasher March 15, 2010 Center and double space your name and the name of your college, university, or institution Center and double space the course title and number, the instructor, and the date Running head: APA SHORT RESEARCH PAPER Include a short title of your paper on every page. Type as: Running head: TITLE IN ALL CAPS Note-- The APA format requires the use of the term Running head for professional journal article submissions. The term Running head appears on the first page. All additional pages should just have the short title without the phrase Running head. Additionally, for short papers, your instructor may not require the term Running head. Center the title The long title of your paper should include the main idea and scope of your paper The title should be typed in 12 point Times font. Do not bold, underline, or italicize the title Education 101 Note – The APA style guidelines were created for submission of formal Psychology articles to professional journals. Your instructor may prefer that you format the title page differently.
o This paper is in the University of Chicago Style—the standard for history. SO YOU CAN USE IT AS A MODEL FOR CITATION. Linguistics: http://www.dianahacker.com/pdfs/Hacker-Shaw-APA.pdf o This piece is written in APA format, so it may be somewhat useful to you. Many linguistics faculty use MLA format instead. Chemistry: http://www.mel.nist.gov/msidlibrary/doc/framework.pdf#search=%22chemistry%20an d%20%22sample%20paper%22%22 o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Education: http://depts.gallaudet.edu/englishworks/writing/apa_sample.html o This paper is written in APA format. SO YOU CAN USE IT AS A MODEL FOR CITATION. Sociology: http://www.teced.com/PDFs/upa2003_lk_tk_paper.pdf#search=%22sociology%20and %20%22sample%20paper%22%22 o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Political Science: http://www.usca.edu/polisci/apls301/sample%20research%20paper.doc o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Film Studies: http://www.filmstudies.ucsb.edu/courses/101ApaperSCAN.pdf o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Economics: http://www.mptceconomics.org/data/Australia_Economy_Article_Critique.pdf o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. English: http://www.dianahacker.com/pdfs/Hacker-Lars-MLA.pdf. o This paper is written in MLA format. SO YOU CAN USE IT AS A MODEL FOR CITATION. Engineering: http://wwwlisc.clermont.cemagref.fr/Labo/MembresEtPagesIntermediaires/pagesperso/ anciens_membres/amblard_frederic/ressources/2002/AmblardAIS%202002.pdf o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD NOT use it as a model for citation. Computer Science: http://www.uninova.pt/~cam/ev/AIS2002cam.pdf#search=%22sociology%20and%20% 22sample%20paper%22%22 o This piece is not written in MLA or APA format. Therefore, you SHOULD
The following outline shows a basic format for most academic papers. No matter what length the paper needs to be, it should still follow the format of having an introduction, body, and conclusion. Read over what typically goes in each section of the paper. Use the back of this handout to outline information for your specific paper. The introduction should have some of the following elements, depending on the type of paper: Start with an attention grabber: a short story, example, statistic, or historical context that introduces the paper topic Give an overview of any issues involved with the subject Define of any key terminology need to understand the topic Quote or paraphrase sources revealing the controversial nature of the subject (argumentative papers only) Highlight background information on the topic needed to understand the direction of the paper Write an antithesis paragraph, presenting the primary opposing views (argumentative paper only) The introduction must end with a THESIS statement (a 1 to 2 sentences in length): Tell what the overall paper will focus on Briefly outline the main points in the paper. Clearly present the main points of the paper as listed in the thesis Give strong examples, details, and explanations to support each main points If an argumentative paper, address any counterarguments and refute those arguments If a research paper, use strong evidence from sources—paraphrases, summaries, and quotations that support the main points. Restate your thesis from the introduction in different words Briefly summarize each main point found in the body of the paper (avoid going over 2 sentences for each point) Give a statement of the consequences of not embracing the position (argumentative paper only) End with a strong clincher statement: an appropriate, meaningful final sentence that ties the whole point of the paper together (may refer back to the attention grabber) Additional Tips Decide on the thesis and main points first You do not need to start writing your paper with the introduction Try writing the thesis and body first; then go back and figure out how to best introduce the body and conclude the paper Use transitions between main points and between examples within the main points Always keep your thesis in the forefront of your mind while writing; everything in your paper must point back to the thesis Use the back of this handout to make an outline of your paper
Microsoft PowerPoint is one of the most popular presentation programs supported by both Mac and PC platforms. Microsoft PowerPoint can be used to create interactive presentations for classroom, business, or personal use. To begin Microsoft PowerPoint, go to Start Menu > All Programs > Microsoft Office > Microsoft PowerPoint 2010 (Figure 1). Select PowerPoint Presentation from the Project Gallery if a blank document does not open. Computers crash and documents are lost all the time, so it is best to save often! Saving Initially Before you begin to type, you should save your document. To do this, go to File > Save As (Figure 2). Microsoft PowerPoint will open a dialog box where you can specify the new file’s name and location where you want it saved. Once you have specified a name and a place for your new file, press the Save button. By default, the format for PowerPoint 2010 is .pptx (Figure 3) not .ppt like in previous versions. Note: If you want to save your document on a Mac and then open it on a PC you must specify a file extension (i.e. .ppt). Usually your computer will do this for you, but if it does not you must do this process while in Save As. Once you have named your document, you change the file extension by clicking Save As Type > PowerPoint 97-2003 Presentation (Figure 4).
Getting Started. ▫ Click Start, Programs, Microsoft PowerPoint. ▫ Click Blank Presentation. Click OK. ▫ Choose the blank slide. Click OK. Getting Started Click Start, Programs, Microsoft PowerPoint. Click Blank Presentation. Click OK. Choose the blank slide. Click OK. Insert Text Click Insert. Select Text Box. Click Format, select Font. Choose font, font style, size and color. Click OK. Type text. Save. Position Text To move text box, drag the cursor over the box until a 4-point arrow appears. Hold down the mouse button and drag. To resize a text box, drag the cursor over the box until a 2-point arrow appears. Hold down the mouse button and drag. To set text, click outside text box. Insert Clip Art Click Insert. Select Picture. Select Clip Art. Choose an image. Click Insert. Save.
Microsoft PowerPoint is one of the most popular presentation programs supported by both Mac and PC platforms. Microsoft PowerPoint can be used to create interactive presentations for classroom, business, or personal use. To begin Microsoft PowerPoint, go to Macintosh HD > Applications > Microsoft Office 2008 > Microsoft PowerPoint (Figure 1). Select PowerPoint Presentation from the Project Gallery if a blank document does not open. Computers crash and documents are lost all the time, so it is best to save often. Before you begin to type, you should save your document. To do this, go to File > Save As. Microsoft PowerPoint will open a dialog box (Figure 2) where you can specify the new file’s name and location where you want it saved. Once you have specified a name and a place for your new file, press the Save button. By default, the format for PowerPoint 2008 is .pptx not .ppt like in previous versions. Note: If you want to save your document on a Mac and then open it on a PC you must specify a file extension (i.e. .ppt). Usually your computer will do this for you, but if it does not you must do this process while in Save As. Once you have titled your document, you can give it a file extension by clicking in the Format box. Click PowerPoint 97-2004 Presentation for the correct file extension and make sure Append File Extension is checked.
What you'll learn After completing this tutorial, you'll be able to: • Create a new blank presentation. • Identify user interface elements that you can use to accomplish basic tasks. • Add text and pictures to slides. • Apply a pre-designed theme and layout. • Format slide content. • Save a presentation to a new folder. Requirements PowerPoint for Mac 2011 Estimated time to complete: 30 minutes Microsoft Office for Mac 2011 tutorial: PowerPoint basics. 1. Create a new blank presentation In PowerPoint, you create and design slides in a presentation. You can start with a blank presentation, an existing saved presentation, or a template. When you open PowerPoint, the PowerPoint Presentation Gallery opens. It contains a variety of template choices and quick access to recent presentations. Let's use the PowerPoint Presentation Gallery to open a blank presentation. If you have not already opened PowerPoint, on the Dock, click PowerPoint. In the PowerPoint Presentation Gallery, under Themes, click All. Click White, and then click Choose. Tip To always start with a blank presentation when you open PowerPoint, select the Don't show this when opening PowerPoint check box. Microsoft Office for Mac 2011 tutorial: PowerPoint basics 2 Notice that a blank presentation (Presentation1) appears. Hints • To create a new blank presentation at any time in PowerPoint, on the File menu, click New Presentation (also written as File > New Presentation in this tutorial). • To show the PowerPoint Presentation Gallery at any time while using PowerPoint, click File > New from Template.
First and Last Name of the Person to whom you are writing Their Street Address City, ST Zip Salutation Body Dear Mr./Ms. Full Name: You do not want to indent when you are using this format. This is the best format to use when you are writing a persuasive letter. You want to introduce yourself and the topic you are writing about to the reader. Remember that the first rule of writing is to know your audience. In a persuasive letter, you state your opinion or your feelings about something that is important to you after you have introduced yourself. You must sound as professional and passionate as possible. You do not want to belittle the reader or they will not finish reading your letter. Your letter needs to have the facts, reasons, and examples to support your position. Address issues that your reader may have in their argument. In a second paragraph, you must have solutions. Without solutions, you are only complaining. Offer assistance in solving the problem. Remind the reader where they can contact you. Sincerely yours, Signature A. Student http://www.scholastic.com