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belt routing diagram for a 2007 jeep patriot

Al Qaeda and the Taliban - Institute for Middle Eastern Democracy

This paper examines the complex, often misunderstood, relationship between al-Qaeda, the Taliban and the various militant groups found in FATA (the Federally Administered Tribal Areas) in Pakistan, including the TTP (Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan). Much of what is commonly assumed about the Taliban, the TTP and al-Qaeda is based on misinformation, misunderstanding or a misrepresentation of historical events. The Taliban and alQaeda can in many ways be seen as sharing common values, although their ultimate goals remain very different. The Taliban were not part of the mujahedeen fighting against the Soviets in Afghanistan, and emerged only in 1994. Al-Qaeda, for all the conspiracy, did not receive money from the CIA during the 1980s, and was only officially formed as an organisation in 1988. The creation of the TTP in 2007 is another matter, and was created as an umbrella organisation for various Pakistani militant groups, and maintains close ties with al-Qaeda. However, the Pakistani Taliban is not the same Taliban as the one formed in 1994, and although it swears its loyalty to Mullah Omar, its goals differ from that of the Afghani Taliban. We can speak of al-Qaeda and the Taliban in two broad strokes – pre 9/11 and post 9/11. The attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon (as well as the failed attack on Washington DC with the hijacked flight 93), was the culmination of al-Qaeda as a tightly knit, hierarchical organisation. The subsequent “War on Terror” and the invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 destroyed much of its organisational capacity; it also left the Taliban severely weakened. However, they both regrouped in the FATA region over a period of years, and al-Qaeda spread its ideology throughout northern Pakistan, coalescing with militant groups and local warlords. Before 9/11, al-Qaeda and the Taliban were very much two different organisations; today, it is not so simple, and in 2010, General David Petreus claimed that there is “a symbiotic relationship between all of these different organizations: al-Qaeda, the Pakistani Taliban, the Afghan Taliban ... They support each other, they coordinate with each other, sometimes they compete with each other, [and] sometimes they even fight each other.” (cfr, 2010, http://www.cfr.org).

Al Qaeda and Affiliates: Historical Perspective, Global Presence ...

Al Qaeda (AQ) has evolved into a significantly different terrorist organization than the one that perpetrated the September 11, 2001, attacks. At the time, Al Qaeda was composed mostly of a core cadre of veterans of the Afghan insurgency against the Soviet Union, with a centralized leadership structure made up mostly of Egyptians. Most of the organization’s plots either emanated from the top or were approved by the leadership. Some analysts describe pre-9/11 Al Qaeda as akin to a corporation, with Osama Bin Laden acting as an agile Chief Executive Officer issuing orders and soliciting ideas from subordinates. Some would argue that the Al Qaeda of that period no longer exists. Out of necessity, due to pressures from the security community, in the ensuing years it has transformed into a diffuse global network and philosophical movement composed of dispersed nodes with varying degrees of independence. The core leadership, headed by Bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, is thought to live in the mountainous tribal belt of northwest Pakistan bordering Afghanistan, where it continues to train operatives, recruit, and disseminate propaganda. But Al Qaeda franchises or affiliated groups active in countries such as Yemen and Somalia now represent critical power centers in the larger movement. Some affiliates receive money, training, and weapons; others look to the core leadership in Pakistan for strategic guidance, theological justification, and a larger narrative of global struggle.

The origins and strategic objectives of the al-Qaeda organization in ...

In 2007, the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) emerged after the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) aligned itself with Al-Qaeda. This development captured the world’s attention and led several scholars and policymakers to ask the question: Why did this merger take place and what does it say about the motivations of GSPC? This research investigates three hypotheses: (1) This merger is merely an ideological one without operational implications; (2) this merger is ideological, operational, and logistical; or (3) this merger is merely a rebranding of a failing organization that needed to survive and, therefore, is not a genuine threat to the United States and its European allies. Exploring the evolution of Algerian Islamism, from the rise of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) and the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) to the GSPC and AQIM, this study concludes that hypothesis 3 is the best explanation of the merger between GSPC and Al-Qaeda. Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington DC 20503.

State of Pet Health 2012 Report - Banfield State of Pet Health

W elcome to Banfield Pet Hospital’s State of Pet Health 2012 Report—the only report of its kind to capture and analyze the medical data from more than 2 million dogs and nearly 430,000 cats. As the largest veterinary practice in the world, Banfield operates more than 800 hospitals in 43 states, and more than 13,000 associates—including 2,600 licensed veterinarians—work at Banfield. As such, Banfield has a unique understanding of the health of companion animals. Through our extensive commitment to innovation, our practice has created this ground-breaking report, now in its second year. Our commitment to ongoing preventive care and early disease diagnosis was the driving force behind our focus on the chronic diseases and conditions highlighted in this year’s report, including: overweight and obesity, arthritis, kidney disease, thyroid disease and heart disease. Over the past five years, many chronic conditions have continued to increase, in some instances, at an alarming rate. In this report, the overweight and obesity findings are some of the most concerning—since 2007, overweight and obesity have increased by 37 percent in dogs and 90 percent in cats. When pets are diagnosed as overweight, their waistline is not the only concern; the condition is associated with other serious diseases such as arthritis, diabetes mellitus, heart disease and hypothyroidism.

Kangal Dog Health and Pedigree Database Data Collection Form

The Kangal Dog Health and Pedigree Database (KDCA P&H Database) is a project of the Kangal Dog Club of America. The purpose of the Database is to carefully develop and make available to contributors a comprehensive Kangal Dog database on dog lineages and health records to aid in the protection and development of our cherished breed. The project seeks to recruit information on all documented pure bred Kangal Dogs, regardless of registration, from around the world, and to make it available for protecting and developing the Kangal Dog to those involved in its husbandry. Database operations are guided by the KDCA Kangal Dog Health and Pedigree Database Policy, Version 2007. Data integrity, participant privacy rights, and data access are fundamental issues that are addressed in the Policy and are of paramount concern for this project. Data Form Instructions Please complete the form as fully as possible with the best available information. The only information required is page 1 and all entries must submit a fully completed and signed copy of this page in order to be accepted. Attach the requested or required documentation information as indicated. Please attach a copy of your dog’s official pedigree if it is registered and also include any extended pedigree information that you can. If your dog is not registered, please include as complete a lineage as you can and as much documentation for this lineage as is available.

VW Amarok - Body Harness.pdf - Hayman Reese

For P/No: 04998 & 04999 only. 1. In the engine bay, disconnect the negative and positive battery terminals. 2. Remove the vehicle battery (1) by first removing any fasteners. 3. Locate the vehicle grommet behind the battery cavity area. 4. Pierce a hole in the vehicle grommet. Note: Do not connect the harness to the battery at this point. Issue Date 27-09-10 For P/No: 04997 only. 5. In the engine bay, locate the vehicle battery (1). 6. Route the body harness (2) down through to the chassis. Note: Do not connect the harness to the battery at this point. 7. Route the power input harness (1) from the engine bay down through to the chassis, following the path of the brake and fuel lines. For P/No: 04997 & 04999 only. 8. Following the diagram on the right, house the two power & ground input harness female terminals (4) into the mating connector (3). 9. Connect the power input harness connector (3) to the body harness mating connector. Issue Date 27-09-10 For P/No: 04998 only. 10. Following the diagram on the right, house the three power & ground input harness female terminals (4) into the mating connector (5). 11. Connect the power input harness connector (5) to the body harness mating connector. 12. Route the body harness (1) along the LHS chassis rail, following the path of the blue vehicle harness towards the rear of the vehicle. 13. Route the body harness (1) along the rear of the vehicle towbar towards the towbar mounting bracket. Issue Date 27-09-10

Trolley Jacks - Supplier Guide - ACCC

Australian Competition and Consumer Commission 23 Marcus Clarke Street, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, 2601 © Commonwealth of Australia 2013 This work is copyright. In addition to any use permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all material contained within this work is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia licence, with the exception of: • the Commonwealth Coat of Arms • the ACCC and AER logos • any illustration, diagram, photograph or graphic over which the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission does not hold copyright, but which may be part of or contained within this publication. The details of the relevant license conditions are available on the Creative Commons website, as is the full legal code for the CC BY 3.0 AU licence. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to the Director, Internal Communication and Publishing Services, ACCC, GPO Box 3131, Canberra ACT 2601, or publishing.unit@accc.gov.au. Important notice The information in this publication is for general guidance only. It does not constitute legal or other professional advice, and should not be relied on as a statement of the law in any jurisdiction. Because it is intended only as a general guide, it may contain generalisations.

Accessory drive on Renault 1.5 DCi engines - Gates Corporation

Certain Renault 1.5 DCi models, produced between June 2001 and June 2002, without air-conditioning, could have issues with the accessory drive belt, as a result of tensioner problems. The tensioner base plate could deform, resulting in misalignment, belt noise and early failure. In order to cure this, Renault launched a technical note, saying the old tensioner (OE ref. 8200262773, 8200292784), the 2 tensioner bolts (torxhead) and the accessory drive belt (OE ref. 8200020924) have to be replaced. Vehicles involved: *Clio II, Symbol, Van 1.5DCi. Chassis codes: BB07, BB08, CB07, CB08, LB07, SB07, SB08; with engine K9K700 or K9K702. *Kangoo, Rapid, Express 1.5DCI. Chassis codes: FC07, FC08, KC07, KC09 ; with engine K9K700, K9K702 or K9K710. How to proceed: Loosen tensioner bolts Remove old accessory drive belt Remove old tensioner bolts and tensioner Install new tensioner (OE ref. 8200328372) Use 2 new bolts (OE ref. 7703002059 - hex head) Install the 2 bolts hand tight Install a new Micro-V® XF belt 5PK1133 (OE ref. 8200020924). ATTENTION!!! The pulleys of this drive have 6 grooves, while the needed belt only has 5 ribs. The groove closest to the engine bloc has to remain free. Tensioning the new belt: The belt has to be tensioned (with tool Mot. 1638, OE ref. 0000163800) to a higher tension than with the original drive set-up Technical Bulletin 013 Copyright © 2006 Gates Corporation

Buchführung und Jahresabschluss in Spanien - IHK Schwaben

Wer muss Bücher führen? Wie in Deutschland besteht in Spanien für alle Kaufleute (comerciantes) die Pflicht, über ihre Geschäftstätigkeit Bücher nach kaufmännischen Grundsätzen zu führen. Zu den Kaufleuten zählen auch die Handelsgesellschaften (sociedades mercantiles), also insbesondere die spanische GmbH (sociedad de responsabilidad limitada bzw. S.L. oder S.R.L.) sowie die spanische Aktiengesellschaft (socieda anónima bzw. S.A.). Rechtsgrundlagen Die maßgeblichen Vorschriften für die Buchführung und Rechnungslegung finden sich im spanischen Handelsgesetzbuch (código de comercio bzw. CCom), spanischen Aktiengesetz (ley de sociedades anónimas bzw. LSA) sowie im allgemeinen Kontenplan (plan general de contabilidad bzw. PGC). Die Rechnungslegungsvorschriften des Aktiengesetzes gelten aufgrund gesetzlicher Verweisung auch für andere Unternehmensformen, so etwa für die spanische GmbH. Die Regelungen beruhen weitgehend auf europäischen Vorgaben und unterscheiden sich daher nicht wesentlich von den entsprechenden deutschen Vorschriften. Die im LSA und CCom niedergelegten Rechnungslegungsprinzipien werden durch den allgemeinen Kontenplan verbindlich konkretisiert (real decreto 1514/2007). Daneben existiert ein vereinfachter Kontenplan (real decreto 1515/2007) für kleine und mittlere Unternehmen. Hinweise zur Handhabung des PGC finden sich unter www.plangeneralcontable.com.

展示名:欧州航空大混乱!-アイスランド火山噴火- 展示本リスト

展示名:欧州航空大混乱! -アイスランド火山噴火- アイスランドのエイヤフィヤットラヨークトル氷河で4月14日から続いている火山噴火によって、大量の火山灰 が欧州上空を覆った。飛行機は火山灰によってエンジン停止の可能性があるため飛べず、航空網が寸断さ れ、経済活動・政治活動など様々な部分に影響が及んでいる。 展示期間 平成22年4月20日~ 5月6日 展示本リスト 平成22年4月20日現在 【高知県立図書館所蔵】 書 名 著 者 出版社 出版年 請求記号 配架場所 1 局地風のいろいろ 改訂版 荒川 正一 成山堂書店 2001 451.4 一般 2 世界の風・日本の風 吉野 正敏 成山堂書店 2008 451.4 一般 3 風の気象学 竹内 清秀 東京大学出版 会 1997 451.4 一般 4 偏西風の気象学 田中 博 成山堂書店 2007 451.4 一般 5 再生 吉田 正夫 古今書院 2002 453.8 一般 6 火山のはなし 災害軽減に向けて 下鶴 大輔 朝倉書店 2000 453.8 一般 7 火山大災害 金子 史朗 古今書院 2000 453.8 一般 ディック・トンプソン /著 地人書館 山越 幸江/訳 2003 453.8 一般 白尾 元理 地人書館 2002 453.8 一般 サイモン・ウィン チェスター/著 柴田 裕之/訳 早川書房 2004 453.8 一般 11 史上最強カラー図解 鈴木真二/監修 ナツメ社 2009 538 ジョブ 12 わかりやすい航空工学入門 橋本 孝明 晃洋書房 2004 538.1 ジョブ 新星出版社 2006 538.6 ジョブ 自然力を知る ピナツボ火山災害地域の環境 8 火山に魅せられた男たち 噴火予知に命がけで挑む科学者の物語 火山とクレーターを旅する 地球ウォッチング 9 紀行 クラカトアの大噴火 世界の歴史を動かした火 10 山 プロが教える飛行機のすべてがわかる本 飛行機のしくみ 最新の機体の構造から操縦 新星出版社編集 部/編 13 システムのしくみまで 14 大空への挑戦 ジェット機編 鳥養 鶴雄 グランプリ出版 2002 538.6 ジョブ 15 飛行機の百科事典

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