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A theoretical study has been done to investigate the significant enhancement of the photorefractive and photovoltaic effects of a new co-doped potassium niobate crystal (KNbO3: Fe: Ag) as compared to the result obtained for singly doped potassium niobate crystals. The co-doped Ag impurity enters the K site, rather than the typical Nb site, thus changing the local field in the lattice. It is believed that Fe perturbed by the Ag in the K site is responsible for an enhancement of the linear absorption and photocurrent, as well as for the probable increase in the effective trap density. An enhanced trap density is likely the cause of the increased photorefractive counter-propagating two-beam coupling efficiency. http://www.scirj.org/jul-2014-paper.php?rp=P0714157
ROTATING ENGINE STANDS 1. Overall visually inspect stand for any signs of wear and fatigue. 2. Lubricate spindles and gear box as referenced in vendor literature if equipped. 3. Inspect anti-rotation locking mechanism if equipped. 4. Install weight equal to engine weight to the engine stand for approximately 2 min. 5. Rotate weight set 360º in both directions if equipped. Operation should be free of binding and/or catching during rotation. 6. Dismantle fixture and visually inspect stand for any signs of wear or failure. Any item, which does not successfully pass the test, is to be rejected and discarded or returned to Tronair for evaluation. Load Cell Data Load Cell Display Cylinder/Pump Eyebolt 2x4 Wood Block Install Weight To Stand 08-2030-0000 AND 08-2034-0000 1. Install engine stand test fixture. 2. Position beam assembly in the center of the engine stand. 3. Tighten beam locks evenly, until the beam assembly is locked in place. 4. Position engine stand over eye hook in floor. Line eye hook directly under pull point of the test fixture. 5. Install 2 x 4 inch block under wheels and lock stand in place. 6. Attach load cell, pull cylinder to eyebolt. 7. Put engine stand through two cycles of loading the engine stand to 3,000 pounds (2,667 psi on gauge). Hold for 30 seconds then release load. 8. Inspect all welds and joints for signs of distortion; if no defects are found, the engine stand is good. 9. If defects are found discard or return to Tronair for evaluation.
The thesis is concerned with the study of ﬂuid-structure interaction in ﬂexible tubes both from the modelling as well as the experimental point of view. More speciﬁcally, it presents the ﬁrst stage of development and testing of a novel uniﬁed solution method suitable for ﬂuid-structure interaction problems. In the conventional approach for modelling such problems, the ﬂuid and solid components are treated separately, information is exchanged at their interface and diﬀerent solution algorithms are used for the two components. The equations for solids are solved for displacement and stress and, the ones for ﬂuids are solved for velocity and pressure. The exchange of information between two solution methods that solve for diﬀerent quantities is not a trivial task and has also known drawbacks such as high computational cost and potential numerical instabilities, especially for very ﬂexible structures. In the new method presented in the thesis, a single set of equations is used to describe both ﬂuid and solid, while the interface between them is contained within the solution domain itself. This is achieved by reformulating the solid equations to contain the same primitive variables used in ﬂuids i.e. velocity and pressure. The PISO algorithm is used to handle the velocity-pressure coupling. The method proposed is fully tested for solids on a structural dynamic problem (beam bending) and the results compared successfully with the classical structural analysis. In order to quantify the dissipation characteristics of the numerical integration technique, a stability eigenvalue analysis of the proposed time marching and spatial discretisation scheme is performed in one dimension but the conclusions of this analysis were also in agreement with the results of the beam bending.
Before operating this projector, read this manual thoroughly and operate the projector properly. This projector provides many convenient features and functions. Operating the projector properly enables you to manage those features and maintain it in better condition for a considerable time. Improper operation may result in not only shortening the product life, but also malfunctions, fire hazard, or other accidents. If your projector seems to operate improperly, read this manual again, check operations and cable connections and try the solutions in the “Troubleshooting” section in the end of this booklet. If the problem still persists, contact the dealer where you purchased the projector or the service center. – This projector produces intense light from the projection lens. Do not stare directly into the lens as much as possible. Eye damage could result. Be especially careful that children do not stare directly into the beam. – Install the projector in a proper position. If not, it may result in a fire hazard. – Provide appropriate space on the top, sides and rear of the projector cabinet for allowing air circulation and cooling the projector. Minimum clearances must be maintained. If the projector is to be built into a compartment or similarly enclosed, the minimum distances must be maintained. Do not cover the ventilation slots on the projector. Heat buildup can reduce the service life of your projector, and can also be dangerous. SIDE and TOP
Before operating this projector, read this manual thoroughly and operate the projector properly. This projector provides many convenient features and functions. Operating the projector properly enables you to manage those features and maintain it in better condition for a considerable time. Improper operation may result in not only shortening the product life, but also malfunctions, fire hazard, or other accidents. If your projector seems to operate improperly, read this manual again, check operations and cable connections and try the solutions in the “Troubleshooting” section in the end of this booklet. If the problem still persists, contact the dealer where you purchased the projector or the service center. – This projector produces intense light from the projection lens. Do not stare directly into the lens as much as possible. Eye damage could result. Be especially careful that children do not stare directly into the beam. – Install the projector in a proper position. If not, it may result in a fire hazard. – Provide appropriate space on the top, sides and rear of the projector cabinet for allowing air circulation and cooling the projector. Minimum clearances must be maintained. If the projector is to be built into a compartment or similarly enclosed, the minimum distances must be maintained. Do not cover the ventilation slot on the projector. Heat build-up can reduce the service life of your projector, and can also be dangerous. SIDE and TOP
Hearty welcome among Ducati fans! Please accept our best compliments for choosing a Ducati motorcycle. We think you will ride your Ducati motorcycle for long journeys as well as short daily trips. Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A. wishes you smooth and enjoyable riding. We are steadily doing our best to improve our “Technical Assistance” service. For this reason, we recommend you to strictly follow the indications given in this manual, especially for motorcycle running-in. In this way, your Ducati motorbike will surely give you unforgettable emotions. For any servicing or suggestions you might need, please contact our authorised service centres. Note Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A. declines any liability whatsoever for any mistakes incurred in drawing up this manual. The information contained herein is valid at the time of going to print. Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A. reserves the right to make any changes required by the future development of the above-mentioned products. E Enjoy your ride! For your safety, as well as to preserve the warranty, reliability and worth of your motorcycle, use original Ducati spare parts only. Warning This manual forms an integral part of the motorcycle and - if the motorcycle is resold - must always be handed over to the new owner. 3 Table of contents RH switch 43 Throttle twistgrip 43 Front brake lever 44 Rear brake pedal 45 Gear change pedal 45 Setting the gear change and rear brake pedals 46 Main components and devices 48 E General 6 Warranty 6 Symbols 6 Useful information for safe riding 7 Carrying the maximum load allowed 8 Identification data 10 Controls 11 Position of motorcycle controls 11 Instrument panel 12 LCD unit functions 14 LCD – Parameter setting/display 16 The immobilizer system 35 Code Card 36 Immobilizer override procedure 37 Duplicate keys 39 Key-operated ignition switch and steering lock 40 LH switch 41 Clutch lever 42 4 Position on the vehicle 48 Fuel tank plug 49 Opening the seat 50 Opening the glove compartment door 51 Side stand 52 Front fork adjusters 53 Rear shock absorber adjusters 55 Rear-view mirror adjustment 56 Changing motorcycle track alignment (1100S) 57 Directions for use 59 Running-in recommendations 59 Pre-ride checks 61 Starting the engine 62 Moving off 64 Braking 64 Stopping the motorcycle 65 Parking 65 Refuelling 66 Tool kit and accessories 67 Main maintenance operations 68 Top-ups 95 Engine 96 Timing system 96 Performance data 97 Spark plugs 97 Fuel system 97 Exhaust system 97 Transmission 98 Brakes 99 Frame 100 Wheels 100 Tyres 100 Suspensions 101 Available colours 101 Electric system 102 Removing the fairing 68 Checking brake and clutch fluid level 70 Checking brake pads for wear 72 Lubricating joints 73 Adjusting throttle control free play 74 Charging the battery 75 Checking drive chain tension 76 Chain lubrication 77 Replacing the headlight bulbs 78 Replacing the rear turn indicator bulbs 80 Replacing the number plate light bulbs 81 Beam setting 82 Tubeless tyres 84 Checking engine oil level 86 Cleaning and replacing the spark plugs 87 Cleaning the motorcycle 88 Storing the bike away 89 Important notes 89 For United States of America version only 107 Maintenance 90 Routine maintenance record 116 E Scheduled maintenance chart: operations to be performed by the dealer 90 Scheduled maintenance chart: operations to be performed by the customer 93 Technical data 94 Overall dimensions (mm) 94 Weights 94
The Hatteras Blue is a 48' Carolina Sport Fisherman with a 17' wide beam. The vessel is fully equipped with all fishing gear needed to have the best possible day of Gulf Stream fishing. Items that customers bring would be your own food and drink, plenty of sun screen, and maybe a towel. Please don't hesitate to bring anything, we have plenty of room.
Time Course and Predictors of Symptoms After Primary Prostate Cancer Therapy By James A. Talcott, Judith Manola, Jack A. Clark, Irving Kaplan, Clair J. Beard, Sonya P. Mitchell, Ronald C. Chen, Michael P. O’Leary, Philip W. Kantoff, and Anthony V. D’Amico Purpose: Understanding the distinctive patterns of treatment-related dysfunction after alternative initial treatments for early prostate cancer (PC) may improve patients’ choice of treatment and later help them adjust to its consequences. We characterized the time course of treatment complications while adjusting for potentially confounding pretreatment factors hindering other observational studies. Patients and Methods: In a prospective cohort study of 417 men we assessed urinary, bowel, and sexual function from before primary treatment to 24 months after. To control for potential confounding, we measured sociodemographic and PC prognostic factors, medical comorbidity, and pretreatment function commonly affected by PC and its treatment. Results: Patients who underwent external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), radical prostatectomy (RP), and brachytherapy (BT) differed signiﬁcantly in sociodemographic factors, cancer prognostic factors, and pretreatment symptom status, especially sexual function. Urinary incontinence in- creased sharply after RP, while bowel problems and urinary irritation/obstruction rose after EBRT and BT. Sexual dysfunction increased in all patients, particularly after radical prostatectomy, and nerve-sparing surgical technique had little apparent beneﬁt. There was no change in urinary function and little change in overall bowel function after 12 months, but the time course of sexual dysfunction varied by treatment and, for bowel function, by symptom. Multiple regression modeling conﬁrmed that treatment inﬂuences all 24-month outcomes, but residual confounding persisted. Conclusion: Pretreatment function and the primary treatment modality for early stage PC strongly predict the affected organ systems and time course of dysfunction. With this information, patients and their physicians may reﬁne their choice of treatment and better anticipate its consequences.
The following information is based on the general experiences of many prostate cancer patients. Your experience may be different.) How Will I Know If My Prostate Cancer Returns? After you get treatment for your prostate cancer, your doctor will speak with you about how often your PSA level should be checked. By checking your PSA level, your doctor will be able to see if your prostate cancer has returned. Why Did My Prostate Cancer Come Back? When cancer comes back, it is called recurrence. Prostate cancer can recur after several months, a few years, or many years. It can recur after any treatment option you have chosen. Recurrence after Surgery If you had surgery, you may ask how can you have prostate cancer if your prostate gland was taken out. This recurrence may have happened because some of the prostate cancer cells moved outside your prostate gland before it was taken out. These cells may not have been found because they were too small or there were not enough of them to be found. These cells then started to 1 grow in the area where the prostate gland used to be or in another part of your body. When prostate cancer cells spread to other parts of the body it is called metastasis. Recurrence after Radiation Treatment Radiation treatments use high-energy rays, such as x-rays, to kill cancer cells in your prostate. While the beam is focused on your cancer cells, it may not have killed all of the cancer cells in your prostate gland. If all of the prostate cancer cells are not killed, they can move outside your prostate gland and start growing nearby or in other parts of your body. Recurrence with Hormone Therapy Hormone therapy shrinks prostate cancer and kills many, but not all prostate cancer cells. It does not cure prostate cancer. Hormone therapy lowers the amount of testosterone in your body, which makes it harder for prostate cancer cells to grow. After taking hormones for a period of time, sometimes a number of years, your prostate cancer cells may change. This change lets them grow in your body even if you have no testosterone. When this happens it is called Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer. This means that some of your prostate cancer cells may start to grow even though you are on hormone therapy.