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Human immunodeficiency (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) are both of great concern in Nigeria. This study was conducted to understand the HIV and HBV prevalence among students and staff at the University of Jos (Jos, Nigeria) through a medical outreach program in which free screening was offered to voluntary participants at the university. Serum samples from 180 individuals were assayed for the presence of HBV surface antigen, HIV-1 p24 antigen, and HIV-1/2 antibodies. HIV prevalence was 3.88% and HBV prevalence was 7.22%. In sum, the prevalence of HBV and HIV among young Nigerian adults reflects the need for establishment of clear health policy for this risk group.
Toll free number has changed into a important organization verbal exchanges and also advertising and marketing instrument make it possible for firms enrich their own marketplace profile, very easily and also efficiently.
Continuing the theme of applying strategic imagery to promote community activism, I recount my own experience conjuring a picture to concentrate focus on a deserving cause. Public forums often impose strict time limits on speakers. Such constraints demand that speakers resourcefully manage time, as in the case of a public hearing with an open microphone format that limits speakers to two-minute statements. For More Information on The Magic Museum Book, visit – http://www.isaacsonseries.com/
Cattle suffering with plastic foreign body syndrome were treated surgically by rumenotomy. The pre-operative and 12 th day post operative blood and serum biochemical were recorded and compared with normal healthy cattle. Preoperatively decrease in haemoglobin, packed cell volume and total erythrocyte count was observed which was gradually increased and came to near normal state on 12 th post-operative day. There was leucocytosis, neutrophilia and corresponding lymphopenia observed in animals during pre-operative phase. The glucose, serum creatinine, serum albumin and calcium levels were found to be at lower level and total proteins, blood urea nitrogen and phosphorus at higher level in pre-operative period when compared to normal cattle. This may be due to low intake of food and water and also inflammatory condition in body due to presence of plastic foreign body.
With the advancements in optical and satellite communications for high speed long range data transmissions, serrated antennas plays a vital role. In this work we have designed a Edge Serrated Microstrip Patch antenna used for these applications has been modeled on FR4 substrate as a dielectric medium which has a relative permittivity value of 4.4. The proposed antenna was resonating at two different frequencies in L & S band Microwave frequency ranges. This antenna was fed with coaxial feeding and was designed in a software HFSS.
this study was undertaken for the purpose to determine the concentration of caffeine in eight brands of soft drinks with the use of an Ultraviolet spectroscopy. This told us about the best brand among the different brands containing caffeine. The highest concentration of caffeine was found in Sting 500mL (560.29 µg/mL), so it is strongest CNS (central nervous system) stimulant among all samples and it is harmful for health. The lowest concentration of caffeine was found in 7up 500mL (29.71 µg/mL). So it is a weakest stimulant among all samples and can be sold in market
Optimization the production of extracellular lipase in culture of Bacillus cereus has been investigated. From 10 samples of diesel fuel polluted soil it was found that 3 samples was positive for the presence of B. cereus. Lipase production by B. cereus isolated from diesel fuel polluted soil was investigated and optimized. The enzyme production was increased with increasing time and maximum enzyme activity was obtained after 72 hrs of incubation. Effect of pH and temperature indicated that, the lipase production was maximum at pH 8.0 (60.2 U/ml) and at 35°C (55.25 U/ml). The lipase production was optimized in shake flask experiments. With a selected carbon sources, maltose (65.5 U/mL) and nitrogen source, peptone (66.25 U/mL) was suitable substrates for accelerating lipase production. The present study indicates that the various factors influenced enzyme production by the bacteria, it appears that the nature of the supplements had significantly influenced on the produc
Objectives: The present study was under taken to know the spectrum of renal histopathology in snake-bite cases autopsied in Victoria hospital mortuary, Bengaluru. To know the haematological and biochemical changes leading to renal pathology in nonfatal snake bite cases admitted to Victoria hospital, Bengaluru. Methods: Collection of information from in patient case records during the period of 18 Months according to proforma. Medico legal autopsy (MEA) reports from Victoria Hospital, Bengaluru. The data collection is done as per the proforma
The purpose of this study was to determine the concentrations of toxic metals (Cd, Hg, Cr, Pb, As) in meat at the Kumasi Central Abattoir, Ghana by using a Varian 220 Atom Absorption Spectrophotometer. The levels of toxic metals in meat (cow, pig, sheep, goat, grass cutter, deer) varied in concentration. The concentration of lead was above the tolerance level in all the meat samples with the highest concentration recorded in beef at 1.154 mg/kg and the lowest at 0.037 mg/kg in pork. The amount of mercury, Hg observed in the various meat samples fell within the range of 0.059 mg/kg to 0.012 mg/kg, a little over the tolerable level of 0.05 mg/kg. The highest mercury, Hg concentration was observed in grasscutter meat (0.071 mg/kg) and the lowest concentration in pork, which was observed at 0.012 mg/kg, with the former above the permissible limit and
In this paper a hexagonal patch microstrip antenna with hexagonal slot behaves as a wide band monopole antenna having great return loss. It is designed for 1.1194-2.7078 GHz frequency band with wide bandwidth of 1.5884 GHz and return loss of - 73.63dB. A hexagonal patch with etched ground plane monopole antenna with hexagonal Slot is fabricated on the glass epoxy (FR4 lossy) of dielectric substrate with relative permittivity (εr) of 4.3, thickness of 1.6mm, loss tangent of 0.02 with a ground plane, fed with a 50Ω rectangular microstrip feed line. This prototype antenna having an omnidirectional radiation pattern is measured for frequency range of 0-3 GHz. The novelty of this antenna is that hexagonal patch with hexagonal slot gives it uniqueness in design and also getting a bandwidth approx 1.6 GHz with -73dB Return loss is big achievement in 0-3 GHz frequency Band itself. As the antenna is designed only in 0- 3GHz band, having all such properties in one antenna p